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Frontiers in Veterinary Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443290/comparison-of-a-supraglottic-airway-device-v-gel-%C3%A2-with-blind-orotracheal-intubation-in-rabbits
#1
Sarah Engbers, Amy Larkin, Nicolas Rousset, Melanie Prebble, Mahesh Jonnalagadda, Cameron G Knight, Daniel S J Pang
INTRODUCTION: Achieving a secure airway in rabbits is generally considered more difficult than in cats or dogs. Their relatively large tongue, small oropharyngeal cavity and glottis limit direct visualization. A rabbit-specific supraglottic airway device (SGAD) may offer benefits over blind orotracheal intubation. ANIMALS AND METHODS: Fifteen adult New Zealand white rabbits were randomized to SGAD or orotracheal intubation (ETT). All animals were sedated with dexmedetomidine (0...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443289/frequency-and-duration-of-fecal-shedding-of-salmonella-enteritidis-by-experimentally-infected-laying-hens-housed-in-enriched-colony-cages-at-different-stocking-densities
#2
Richard K Gast, Rupa Guraya, Deana R Jones, Kenneth E Anderson, Darrin M Karcher
Human infections with Salmonella Enteritidis are often attributed to the consumption of contaminated eggs, so the prevalence of this pathogen in egg-laying poultry is an important public health risk factor. Numerous and complex environmental influences on Salmonella persistence and transmission are exerted by management practices and housing facilities used in commercial egg production. In recent years, the animal welfare implications of poultry housing systems have guided the development of alternatives to traditional cage-based housing, but their food safety consequences are not yet fully understood...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428958/debromoaplysiatoxin-as-the-causative-agent-of-dermatitis-in-a-dog-after-exposure-to-freshwater-in-california
#3
Birgit Puschner, Adrienne C Bautista, Chris Wong
Contamination of recreational waters with cyanobacterial toxins continues to increase and presents a risk to animals and humans. Although cases of acute hepato- and neurotoxicoses in dogs following cyanotoxin exposure exist, no reports of skin-related reactions in dogs exist. A 5-year-old female spayed 34 kg Bracco Italiano was initially presented for rapid onset of severe pruritus and urticaria. Marked excoriation and erythema were noted over the chest and neck, while urticaria was noted in the inguinal regions and ventral abdomen...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424778/estimation-of-time-dependent-reproduction-numbers-for-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-across-different-regions-and-production-systems-of-the-us
#4
Andréia G Arruda, Moh A Alkhamis, Kimberly VanderWaal, Robert B Morrison, Andres M Perez
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is, arguably, the most impactful disease for the North American swine industry, due to its known considerable economic losses. The Swine Health Monitoring Project (SHMP) monitors and reports weekly new PRRS cases in 766 sow herds across the US. The time-dependent reproduction number (TD-R) is a measure of a pathogen's transmissibility. It may serve to capture and report PRRS virus (PRRSV) spread at the regional and system levels. The primary objective of the study here was to estimate the TD-R values for PRRSV using regional and system-level PRRS data, and to contrast it with commonly used metrics of disease, such as incidence estimates and space-time clusters...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424777/influence-of-cellular-composition-and-exogenous-activation-on-growth-factor-and-cytokine-concentrations-in-canine-platelet-rich-plasmas
#5
Samuel P Franklin, Kate E Birdwhistell, Alena Strelchik, Bridget C Garner, Benjamin M Brainard
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to (1) evaluate correlations among platelet, leukocyte, growth factor, and cytokine concentrations in canine platelet-rich plasmas (PRPs) produced from five different canine PRP-concentrating systems and (2) compare the effects of different activation protocols on platelet activation and growth factor release from one of these PRPs. METHODS: PRP was made using blood from 15 dogs and each of 5 different PRP systems in a cross-over design...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421187/subset-specific-expression-of-toll-like-receptors-by-bovine-afferent-lymph-dendritic-cells
#6
Dirk Werling, Jayne C Hope, Nazneen Siddiqui, Stephanie Widdison, Chris Russell, Paul Sopp, Tracey J Coffey
Within the ruminant system, several possibilities exist to generate dendritic cells migrating out from the tissue into the regional draining lymph nodes as afferent lymph dendritic cells (ALDCs). Here, we analyzed toll-like receptor (TLR) 1-10 mRNA expression by using quantitative real-time PCR in highly purified subsets of bovine ALDC. As TLR expression may be influenced by pathogens or vaccines and their adjuvant, it is necessary to understand what TLRs are expressed in a steady-state system to elucidate specific differences and to potentially optimize targeted vaccines...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421186/cost-description-and-comparative-cost-efficiency-of-post-exposure-prophylaxis-and-canine-mass-vaccination-against-rabies-in-n-djamena-chad
#7
Rolande Mindekem, Monique Sarah Lechenne, Kemdongarti Service Naissengar, Assandi Oussiguéré, Bidjeh Kebkiba, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Laurent Tinoanga Ouedraogo, Sahidou Salifou, Jakob Zinsstag
Rabies claims approximately 59,000 human lives annually and is a potential risk to 3.3 billion people in over 100 countries worldwide. Despite being fatal in almost 100% of cases, human rabies can be prevented by vaccinating dogs, the most common vector, and the timely administration of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to exposed victims. For the control and prevention of human rabies in N'Djamena, the capital city of Chad, a free mass vaccination campaign for dogs was organized in 2012 and 2013. The campaigns were monitored by parallel studies on the incidence of canine rabies based on diagnostic testing of suspect animals and the incidence of human bite exposure recorded at selected health facilities...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396862/semiquantitative-decision-tools-for-fmd-emergency-vaccination-informed-by-field-observations-and-simulated-outbreak-data
#8
Preben William Willeberg, Mohammad AlKhamis, Anette Boklund, Andres M Perez, Claes Enøe, Tariq Halasa
We present two simple, semiquantitative model-based decision tools, based on the principle of first 14 days incidence (FFI). The aim is to estimate the likelihood and the consequences, respectively, of the ultimate size of an ongoing FMD epidemic. The tools allow risk assessors to communicate timely, objectively, and efficiently to risk managers and less technically inclined stakeholders about the potential of introducing FMD suppressive emergency vaccination. To explore the FFI principle with complementary field data, we analyzed the FMD outbreaks in Argentina in 2001, with the 17 affected provinces as the units of observation...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386545/residual-spinal-cord-compression-following-hemilaminectomy-and-mini-hemilaminectomy-in-dogs-a-prospective-randomized-study
#9
Gustaf Svensson, Ulrika S H Simonsson, Fredrik Danielsson, Tobias Schwarz
The aim of this study was to compare the reduction of spinal cord compression after surgical treatment of dogs with acute thoracolumbar intervertebral disc (IVD) extrusion achieved using hemilaminectomy versus mini-hemilaminectomy techniques. This was a prospective randomized study with client-owned dogs presented with acute IVD extrusion that were allocated to surgical treatment using hemilaminectomy (n = 15) or mini-hemilaminectomy (n = 15) techniques. Plain and intravenous-contrast computed tomography was performed pre- and postoperatively...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382302/economic-synergy-between-dry-cow-diet-improvement-and-monensin-bolus-use-to-prevent-subclinical-ketosis-an-experimental-demonstration-based-on-available-literature
#10
Didier Raboisson, Maxime Barbier
The prevention of subclinical ketosis (SCK) is based on maintaining adequate nutrition in dairy cows during the dry period and close to calving. Recently, an oral-route monensin bolus to prevent SCK was approved in Europe. The present study aims to define the allocation of resources for SCK management at the herd level and evaluate the profitability of administering monensin boluses in cows at risk for SCK. A stochastic model was used to calculate the total cost of SCK for a population with a given prevalence of cows at risk for SCK...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377923/dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-magnetic-resonance-imaging-protocol-of-the-normal-canine-brain
#11
Krystina L Stadler, Anthony P Pease, Elizabeth A Ballegeer
Perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), specifically dynamic susceptibility MRI (DSC-MRI) is routinely performed as a supplement to conventional MRI in human medicine for patients with intracranial neoplasia and cerebrovascular events. There is minimal data on the use of DSC-MRI in veterinary patients and a DSC-MRI protocol in the veterinary patient has not been described. Sixteen normal dogs, 6 years or older were recruited for this study. The sample population included 11 large dogs (>11 kg) and 5 small dogs (<11 kg)...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377922/mesenchymal-stem-cell-derived-exosomes-immunomodulatory-evaluation-in-an-antigen-induced-synovitis-porcine-model
#12
Javier G Casado, Rebeca Blázquez, Francisco Javier Vela, Verónica Álvarez, Raquel Tarazona, Francisco Miguel Sánchez-Margallo
Synovitis is an inflammatory process associated with pain, disability, and discomfort, which is usually treated with anti-inflammatory drugs or biological agents. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been also successfully used in the treatment of inflammatory-related diseases such as synovitis or arthritis. In the last years, the exosomes derived from MSCs have become a promising tool for the treatment of inflammatory-related diseases and their therapeutic effect is thought to be mediated (at least in part) by their immunomodulatory potential...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361058/-don-t-just-do-something%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-stand-there-emergency-responders-peri-incident-perceptions-of-animal-owners-in-bushfire
#13
Rachel Anne Nosworthy Westcott, Kevin Ronan, Hilary Bambrick, Melanie Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Narrowing the awareness-preparedness gap in bushfires (wildfires) means that new strategies and tactics will be needed to improve human safety and survival in this increasingly frequent and severe globally significant natural hazard. One way to do this is to explore the peri-event experiences of novel demographic groups living and working in at-risk areas to determine how best to strengthen a collaborative, mutually beneficial interface with emergency responders. Thus, this study included participants from one novel demographic, animal owners, in combination with emergency responders...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361057/effect-of-skull-type-on-the-relative-size-of-cerebral-cortex-and-lateral-ventricles-in-dogs
#14
Anders M Pilegaard, Mette Berendt, Pernille Holst, Arne Møller, Fintan J McEvoy
Volume measurements of the brain are of interest in the diagnosis of brain pathology. This is particularly so in the investigation hydrocephalus and canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD), both of which result in thinning of the cerebral cortex and enlarged ventricles. Volume assessment can be made using computed tomography or more usually magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There is, however, some uncertainty in the interpretation of such volume data due to the great variation in skull size and shape seen in dog...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361056/eliminating-dog-mediated-rabies-in-sikkim-india-a-10-year-pathway-to-success-for-the-sarah-program
#15
Helen Byrnes, Andrea Britton, Thinlay Bhutia
A third of the world rabies burden is in India. The Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) program is the first state-wide rabies program in India and demonstrates a successful One Health model of dog-mediated rabies elimination. The SARAH program was created in 2006 as a collaboration between the Government of Sikkim and international non-government organizations-Vets Beyond Borders and Fondation Brigitte Bardot. Activities are directed to canine rabies vaccination, humane dog population control, community education, and treatment of sick and injured animals...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352630/comparing-methods-of-assessing-dog-rabies-vaccination-coverage-in-rural-and-urban-communities-in-tanzania
#16
Maganga Sambo, Paul C D Johnson, Karen Hotopp, Joel Changalucha, Sarah Cleaveland, Rudovick Kazwala, Tiziana Lembo, Ahmed Lugelo, Kennedy Lushasi, Mathew Maziku, Eberhard Mbunda, Zacharia Mtema, Lwitiko Sikana, Sunny E Townsend, Katie Hampson
Rabies can be eliminated by achieving comprehensive coverage of 70% of domestic dogs during annual mass vaccination campaigns. Estimates of vaccination coverage are, therefore, required to evaluate and manage mass dog vaccination programs; however, there is no specific guidance for the most accurate and efficient methods for estimating coverage in different settings. Here, we compare post-vaccination transects, school-based surveys, and household surveys across 28 districts in southeast Tanzania and Pemba island covering rural, urban, coastal and inland settings, and a range of different livelihoods and religious backgrounds...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349053/immunomodulatory-effects-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fermentation-product-supplementation-on-immune-gene-expression-and-lymphocyte-distribution-in-immune-organs-in-broilers
#17
Wen K Chou, Jungwoo Park, John B Carey, Don R McIntyre, Luc R Berghman
A study was conducted to evaluate the molecular and cellular immunomodulatory effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (Original XPC, Diamond V) in broilers. Our lab has previously demonstrated that broilers fed XPC generate faster and stronger antigen-specific humoral immune responses to Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccination. This study aims at investigating the mechanism behind this increased immunocompetence. One-day-old broilers were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: 1.25 kg/ton S...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344976/a-metataxonomic-approach-could-be-considered-for-cattle-clinical-mastitis-diagnostics
#18
Joanne W H Oultram, Erika K Ganda, Sarah C Boulding, Rodrigo C Bicalho, Georgios Oikonomou
Mastitis is one of the most costly diseases affecting the dairy industry, and identification of the causative microorganism(s) is essential. Here, we report the use of next-generation sequencing of bacterial 16S rRNA genes for clinical mastitis diagnosis. We used 65 paired milk samples, collected from the mastitic and a contralateral healthy quarter of mastitic dairy cattle to evaluate the technique as a potential alternative to bacterial culture or targeted PCR. One large commercial dairy farm was used, with one trained veterinarian collecting the milk samples...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344975/equine-dental-pulp-connective-tissue-particles-reduced-lameness-in-horses-in-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Alicia L Bertone, Nathalie A Reisbig, Allison H Kilborne, Mari Kaido, Navid Salmanzadeh, Rebecca Lovasz, Joy L Sizemore, Logan Scheuermann, Rosalind J Kopp, Lisa J Zekas, Matthew T Brokken
OBJECTIVE: To assess if injection of allogeneic dental pulp tissue particles would improve lameness in horses with naturally occurring osteoarthritis (OA) or soft tissue (ST) injury. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, and controlled clinical trial and client survey assessment. ANIMALS: Forty lame client-owned horses. PROCEDURES: Sterile dental pulp, recovered from otherwise healthy foals that perish during dystocia, was processed under good manufacturing processing to produce mechanically manipulated, unexpanded pulp tissue particles containing viable cells surrounded in extracellular matrix...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344974/assessing-preferences-for-animals-in-children-with-autism-a-new-use-for-video-based-preference-assessment
#20
REVIEW
Noémie A Guérin, Kerri E Rodriguez, Matthew T Brodhead, Marguerite E O'Haire
The inclusion of animals into interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a growing practice known as animal-assisted intervention (AAI). The choice of the animal to include in an intervention is often solely up to the interventionist and depends on their experience, subjective judgment, and ease of access to different animals. For individuals with ASD who are non-verbal and unable to indicate preferred stimuli or activities, incorporating preference into interventions has been linked to increases in positive behaviors and enhanced quality of life...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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