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Frontiers in Veterinary Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932740/tapping-the-vast-potential-of-the-data-deluge-in-small-scale-food-animal-production-businesses-challenges-to-near-real-time-data-analysis-and-interpretation
#1
Flavie Vial, Andrew Tedder
Food-animal production businesses are part of a data-driven ecosystem shaped by stringent requirements for traceability along the value chain and the expanding capabilities of connected products. Within this sector, the generation of animal health intelligence, in particular, in terms of antimicrobial usage, is hindered by the lack of a centralized framework for data storage and usage. In this Perspective, we delimit the 11 processes required for evidence-based decisions and explore processes 3 (digital data acquisition) to 10 (communication to decision-makers) in more depth...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929104/increased-serum-and-urinary-oxytocin-concentrations-after-nasal-administration-in-beagle-dogs
#2
Andrea Temesi, Julianna Thuróczy, Lajos Balogh, Ádám Miklósi
In recent years more and more studies have revealed the effect of extraneous oxytocin on the social behavior of dogs. The distribution of administered oxytocin in different physiologically relevant compartments is important because this knowledge forms the basis for the timing of behavior tests after the administration. Most behavioral studies rely on the non-invasive intranasal application of oxytocin. The aim of this study was to determine the time course of intranasal administered oxytocin secretion into blood and urine and also establish a connection between intranasal received oxytocin and urinary cortisol in dogs...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929103/authorization-and-toxicity-of-veterinary-drugs-and-plant-protection-products-residues-of-the-active-ingredients-in-food-and-feed-and-toxicity-problems-related-to-adjuvants
#3
REVIEW
Szandra Klátyik, Péter Bohus, Béla Darvas, András Székács
Chemical substances applied in animal husbandry or veterinary medicine and in crop protection represent substantial environmental loads, and their residues occur in food and feed products. Product approval is governed differently in these two sectors in the European Union (EU), and the occurrence of veterinary drug (VD) and pesticide residues indicated by contamination notification cases in the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed of the EU also show characteristic differences. While the initial high numbers of VD residues reported in 2002 were successfully suppressed to less than 100 cases annually by 2006 and on, the number of notification cases for pesticide residues showed a gradual increase from a low (approximately 50 cases annually) initial level until 2005 to more than 250 cases annually after 2009, with a halt occurring only in 2016...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929102/finding-the-value-in-an-animal-health-data-economy-a-participatory-market-model-approach
#4
Patrick Lynch, Sinead Quealy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929101/current-trends-in-volume-replacement-therapy-and-the-use-of-synthetic-colloids-in-small-animals-an-internet-based-survey-2016
#5
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Nadja E Sigrist, Katja-Nicole Adamik
The use of synthetic colloids (SCs), particularly hydroxyethyl starch (HES), in people has changed in recent years following new evidence raising concerns about their efficacy and safety. Although fluid therapy guidelines for small animals are often extrapolated from human medicine, little information exists on current practice in veterinary medicine. The objective of the present study was to investigate current fluid selection, use of plasma volume expanders including SCs, and recent changes in their use in small animal practice...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920059/market-impact-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-control-strategies-a-uk-case-study
#6
Siyi Feng, Myles Patton, John Davis
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) poses a serious threat to the agricultural sector due to its highly contagious nature. Outbreaks of FMD can lead to substantial disruptions to livestock markets due to loss of production and access to international markets. In a previously FMD-free country, the use of vaccination to augment control of an FMD outbreak is increasingly being recognized as an alternative control strategy to direct slaughtering [stamping-out (SO)]. The choice of control strategy has implications on production, trade, and hence prices of the sector...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913342/editorial-towards-elimination-of-dog-mediated-human-rabies
#7
EDITORIAL
Salome Dürr, Anna S Fahrion, Lea Knopf, Louise H Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913341/assessing-the-risk-of-a-canine-rabies-incursion-in-northern-australia
#8
Emily G Hudson, Victoria J Brookes, Michael P Ward
Rabies is a globally distributed virus that causes approximately 60,00 human deaths annually with >99% of cases caused by dog bites. Australia is currently canine rabies free. However, the recent eastward spread of rabies in the Indonesian archipelago has increased the probability of rabies entry into northern Australian communities. In addition, many northern Australian communities have large populations of free-roaming dogs, capable of maintaining rabies should an incursion occur. A risk assessment of rabies entry and transmission into these communities is needed to target control and surveillance measures...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913340/caregiver-reports-of-interactions-between-children-up-to-6-years-and-their-family-dog-implications-for-dog-bite-prevention
#9
Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog's resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between children up to 6 years and their family dogs and whether parents' attitudes to supervision are related to those interactions. Additionally, we investigated whether behavior of dogs that had lived in the family for longer than the child differed from those that grew up with children...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900616/implementing-precision-antimicrobial-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-bovine-respiratory-disease-current-limitations-and-perspectives
#10
Guillaume Lhermie, Pierre-Louis Toutain, Farid El Garch, Alain Bousquet-Mélou, Sébastien Assié
The therapeutic efficacy of an early treatment protocol with an infection-stage adjusted fluoroquinolone regimen was evaluated in a field study on young bulls (YBs) presenting signs of bovine respiratory disease (BRD). A total of 195 YB (Charolais, Limousin, and Rouge-des-Prés breeds) from 6 farms implementing or not prophylactic antimicrobial treatments (PROPHY or absence) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 experiment groups based on time of detection of BRD and first-line marbofloxacin regimen, early adjusted dose [Early 2 (E2)] or late standard dose [Late 10 (L10)]...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879204/dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-perfusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-demonstrates-reduced-periventricular-cerebral-blood-flow-in-dogs-with-ventriculomegaly
#11
Martin J Schmidt, Malgorzata Kolecka, Robert Kirberger, Antje Hartmann
The nature of ventriculomegaly in dogs is still a matter of debate. Signs of increased intraventricular pressure and atrophy of the cerebral white matter have been found in dogs with ventriculomegaly, which would imply increased intraventricular pressure and, therefore, a pathological condition, i.e., to some extent. Reduced periventricular blood flow was found in people with high elevated intraventricular pressure. The aim of this study was to compare periventricular brain perfusion in dogs with and without ventriculomegaly using perfusion weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging to clarify as to whether ventriculomegaly might be associated with an increase in intraventricular pressure...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879203/a-stakeholder-survey-on-live-bird-market-closures-policy-for-controlling-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-in-vietnam
#12
Thi Thanh Thuy Nguyen, Lyle Fearnley, Xuan Tung Dinh, Thi Tram Anh Tran, Trong Tung Tran, Van Trong Nguyen, Damian Tago, Pawin Padungtod, Scott H Newman, Astrid Tripodi
Extensive research in Vietnam and elsewhere has shown that live bird markets (LBMs) play a significant role in the ecology and zoonotic transmission of avian influenzas (AIs) including H5N1 and H7N9. Vietnam has a large number of LBMs reflecting the consumer preferences for live poultry. Under pressure to mitigate risks for H7N9 and other zoonotic AIs, Vietnam is considering, among other mitigation measures, temporary closures of LBMs as a policy to reduce risk of AI outbreaks. However, the efficacy of market closure is debated, particularly because little is known about how poultry traders may react, and whether trading may emerge outside formal marketplaces...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879202/roadmap-to-the-digital-transformation-of-animal-health-data
#13
Jim Bracken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871286/editorial-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-swine
#14
EDITORIAL
Andres M Perez, Preben W Willeberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871285/immortalization-and-characterization-of-porcine-macrophages-that-had-been-transduced-with-lentiviral-vectors-encoding-the-sv40-large-t-antigen-and-porcine-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase
#15
Takato Takenouchi, Hiroshi Kitani, Shunichi Suzuki, Michiko Nakai, Dai-Ichiro Fuchimoto, Mitsutoshi Tsukimoto, Hiroki Shinkai, Mitsuru Sato, Hirohide Uenishi
The domestic pig is an important agricultural animal, and thus, infectious diseases that affect pigs can cause severe economic losses in the global swine industry. Various porcine pathogens target macrophages, which are classical innate immune cells. Although macrophages basically protect the host from pathogens, they also seem to contribute to infectious processes. Therefore, cultured macrophages can be used to develop in vitro models for studying not only genes associated with porcine innate immunity but also the infectious processes of porcine pathogens...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871284/hops-humulus-lupulus-l-bitter-acids-modulation-of-rumen-fermentation-and-potential-as-an-alternative-growth-promoter
#16
REVIEW
Michael D Flythe, Isabelle A Kagan, Yuxi Wang, Nelmy Narvaez
Antibiotics can improve ruminant growth and efficiency by altering rumen fermentation via selective inhibition of microorganisms. However, antibiotic use is increasingly restricted due to concerns about the spread of antibiotic-resistance. Plant-based antimicrobials are alternatives to antibiotics in animal production. The hops plant (Humulus lupulus L.) produces a range of bioactive secondary metabolites, including antimicrobial prenylated phloroglucinols, which are commonly called alpha- and beta-acids. These latter compounds can be considered phyto-ionophores, phytochemicals with a similar antimicrobial mechanism of action to ionophore antibiotics (e...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868302/electrolyte-disturbances-are-associated-with-non-survival-in-dogs-a-multivariable-analysis
#17
Robert Goggs, Sage De Rosa, Daniel J Fletcher
Electrolyte disorders have been individually associated with mortality in small populations of dogs and cats with specific conditions, but the associations and interactions between electrolyte disturbances and outcome have not been evaluated in a large, heterogeneous population. It was hypothesized that abnormalities of sodium, chloride, potassium, and calcium concentrations would be independently and proportionately associated with death from natural causes and with all-cause mortality in dogs. An electronic database containing 33,117 electrolyte profiles was constructed to retrospectively assess the association between disorders of sodium, potassium, corrected chloride, and ionized calcium concentrations with non-survival and with death excluding euthanasia by multivariable modeling...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868301/dynamic-lumbosacral-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-a-dog-with-tethered-cord-syndrome-with-a-tight-filum-terminale
#18
Steven De Decker, Vicky Watts, David M Neilson
A 1-year and 11-month- old English Cocker Spaniel was evaluated for clinical signs of progressive right pelvic limb lameness and urinary incontinence. Neurological examination was suggestive of a lesion localized to the L4-S3 spinal cord segments. No abnormalities were seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed in the dog in dorsal recumbency and the hips in a neutral position and the conus medullaris ended halfway the vertebral body of L7. An MRI of the hips in extended and flexed positions demonstrated minimal displacement of the conus medullaris in the cranial and caudal directions, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856137/a-systematic-review-of-the-quality-of-iv-fluid-therapy-in-veterinary-medicine
#19
William W Muir, Yukie Ueyama, Jessica Noel-Morgan, Allison Kilborne, Jessica Page
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of the veterinary literature investigating IV fluid therapy in dogs, cats, horses, and cattle. DESIGN: Systematic review. PROCEDURES: The preferred reporting of items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P) was employed for systematic review of all relevant IV fluid therapy manuscripts published from January 1969 through December 2016 in the Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux International (CABI) database...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848740/limited-associations-between-keel-bone-damage-and-bone-properties-measured-with-computer-tomography-three-point-bending-test-and-analysis-of-minerals-in-swiss-laying-hens
#20
Sabine G Gebhardt-Henrich, Andreas Pfulg, Ernst K F Fröhlich, Susanna Käppeli, Dominik Guggisberg, Annette Liesegang, Michael H Stoffel
Keel bone damage is a wide-spread welfare problem in laying hens. It is unclear so far whether bone quality relates to keel bone damage. The goal of the present study was to detect possible associations between keel bone damage and bone properties of intact and damaged keel bones and of tibias in end-of-lay hens raised in loose housing systems. Bones were palpated and examined by peripheral quantitative computer tomography (PQCT), a three-point bending test, and analyses of bone ash. Contrary to our expectations, PQCT revealed higher cortical and trabecular contents in fractured than in intact keel bones...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
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