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Open Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765869/nutritional-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-in-two-ponies
#1
Luca Lacitignola, Pasquale De Luca, Rossella Santovito, Maria Severa Di Comite, Antonio Crovace
Nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism (NSH) is uncommon in horses. Aim of this report is evaluate an alternative therapeutic approach and provide more information on the diagnostic procedures, through detailed microscopic findings of the bone lesions pony with NSH. Administration of tiludronate along with a balanced diet can be used in a treatment protocol for ponies with NSH. This case report suggests that tiludronate can be used to ameliorate the clinical signs of NSH.
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765868/retrobulbar-steatitis-and-meningitis-empyema-secondary-to-right-otitis-media-right-otitis-interna-and-an-inflammatory-polyp-in-a-cat
#2
Elena Fenollosa-Romero, Olivier Taeymans, Pieter Nelissen, Giunio B Cherubini, Claudia Busse
The purpose was to describe a case of retrobulbar steatitis and meningitis in a cat caused by otitis media, otitis interna and an inflammatory polyp in the middle ear. Investigations included ophthalmic and neurological examinations, haematology and biochemistry, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and aerobic, anaerobic bacterial and fungal culture of material from the middle ear. A 6-year-old female neutered domestic-short-haired cat presented with right-sided exophthalmos and resistance to retropulsion...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765867/tongue-reshaping-a-new-surgical-method-to-prevent-self-sucking-in-dairy-cows
#3
Mohamed Wefky El-Sherif
Self-sucking behaviors lead to substantial milk loss and inflammation of the udder and teats among dairy cows. Both conservative and surgical approaches are available to prevent such behavior; however, the current methods are limited by variable efficacy and risk of complications. The objective of the present study was to evaluate a new minimally invasive technique for reshaping of the tongue to prevent self-sucking. The current technique was performed on five mixed breed dairy cows aged 4-6 years and with a mean weight 320 kgs...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721443/first-isolation-and-molecular-characterization-of-suid-herpesvirus-type-1-from-a-domestic-dog-in-argentina
#4
Maria Soledad Serena, Germán Ernesto Metz, Maria Ines Lozada, Carolina Gabriela Aspitia, Edgardo Héctor Nicolino, Claudio Luis Pidone, Melisa Fossaroli, Agustin Balsalobre, Maria Alejandra Quiroga, Maria Gabriela Echeverria
Since Aujeszky`s disease (pseudorabies), which is caused by Suid herpesvirus type 1 (SuHV-1), was first notified in Argentina in 1978, many SuHV-1 strains have been isolated from swine. However, this disease can affect other vertebrates, such as dogs (secondary hosts), and lead to fatal neurological disease. The objective of the current work is to report the first isolation and molecular characterization of SuHV-1 from a dead domestic dog from Santa Fe Province (Argentina), which had had nervous signs compatible with pseudorabies...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721442/phacoemulsification-of-bilateral-cataracts-in-two-pet-rabbits
#5
Filipe Espinheira Gomes, Ricardo de Matos, Eric Ledbetter
Two 3 year-old, healthy, client-owned Lop rabbits presented with bilateral cataracts. After performing a physical examination, bloodwork, ocular ultrasonography and electroretinography, both animals were deemed good surgical candidates for phacoemulsification. Bilateral cataract surgery was performed and both rabbits regained vision in both eyes. Both animals developed post-operative ocular hypertension and one animal developed corneal ulcers immediately after surgery. Both surgical complications resolved with medical management...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721441/indolent-t-cell-large-granular-lymphocytic-leukaemia-in-a-dog-presenting-with-severe-neutropenia-and-an-absence-of-lymphocytosis
#6
James Elliott, Elizabeth Villiers
In humans, large granular lymphocytic leukaemia (LGLL) is a low-grade, indolent lymphoproliferative disorder of large granular lymphocytes (LGL) associated with autoimmune disorders; including rheumatoid arthritis and single or multiple cytopenias; particularly neutropenia. Therapy largely centres around immunosuppression which aims to resolve the immune-mediated secondary pathology, often without eradicating the neoplastic clone. The most effective agents appear to be cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine and methotrexate...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721440/detection-of-virulence-associated-genes-in-brucella-melitensis-biovar-3-the-prevalent-field-strain-in-different-animal-species-in-egypt
#7
Mahmoud E R Hamdy, Hoda M Zaki
The current study involved detection of three virulence genes ( bvfA, virB, ure ) by PCR in 52 isolates of Brucella melitensis biovar 3, recovered from different animal species (28 sheep, 10 goats, 9 cattle and 5 buffaloes). Of the 52 B. melitensis strains; 48 (92.3%) isolates carried bvfA genes, 51 (98.1%) isolates had virB genes and 50 (96.2%) isolates were positive for ure genes. The distribution of the virulence genes is not affected by crossing the original host barriers of the animal species, as the three virulence factors ( bvfA, virB and ure ) detected in 28 B...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721439/recent-approaches-in-food-bio-preservation-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Veer Pal Singh
Bio-preservation is a technique of extending the shelf life of food by using natural or controlled microbiota or antimicrobials. The fermentation products as well as beneficial bacteria are generally selected in this process to control spoilage and render pathogen inactive. The special interest organism or central organism used for this purpose is lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and their metabolites. They are capable to exhibit antimicrobial properties and helpful in imparting unique flavour and texture to the food products...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721438/correlations-between-the-equine-metacarpophalangeal-joint-angulation-and-toe-conformation-in-statics
#9
Jenny Hagen, Kaid Kojah, Michael Geiger
The angulation of the equine fetlock determines the load of associated tendons and probably their predisposition for injuries. However, it is questionable how the individual toe conformation and tendon properties interact with the dorsal metacarpophalangeal joint angle (DMPJ). Data are needed for a tangible evaluation of the equine limb conformation for more specific orthopaedic treatment. The aim was to evaluate the correlation between the DMPJ, toe conformation and cross-sectional area (CSA) of both flexor tendons; the superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) and deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT)...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721437/decrease-of-nitric-oxide-and-increase-in-diastolic-blood-pressure-are-two-events-that-affect-renal-function-in-dogs-with-pituitary-dependent-hyperadrenocorticism
#10
Patricia N Vidal, Diego D Miceli, Elber Soler Arias, Elena D'Anna, Jorge D García, Victor Alejandro Castillo
Hyperadrenocorticism is a frequent disease in dogs. The excess of circulating cortisol affects different organs and metabolic pathways, producing severe adverse effects that endanger the animal's life. Among these effects, hypertension and renal damage can be mentioned. A group of 20 dogs with pituitary dependent hyperadrenocorticism (PDH) and 12 control dogs were used to study the following parameters: cortisol and nitric oxide (NO nit/nit ) concentrations, diastolic and systolic blood pressure, renal artery resistance index by Doppler ultrasound, the rate of glomerular filtration by radio-renogram excretion and the presence of proteins in urine...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721436/overexpression-of-11%C3%AE-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-1-in-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-underexpression-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-in-the-adrenal-cortex-of-dogs-with-hyperadrenocorticism
#11
Diego Daniel Miceli, Adriana María Belén Abiuso, Patricia Noemi Vidal, María Florencia Gallelli, Omar Pedro Pignataro, Victor Alejandro Castillo
11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) is an enzyme that activates cortisone into cortisol in tissues. Alterations in this enzyme are related to the development of metabolic syndrome, obesity and hyperadrenocorticism (HAC). Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) produces nitric oxide and is related to the regulation of adrenal steroidogenesis. The aim of the study was to evaluate 11β-HSD1 and eNOS expression in dogs with HAC. Visceral adipose tissue samples were taken to evaluate 11β-HSD1 expression by immunohistochemistry and western blotting...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721435/the-influence-of-the-tonometer-position-on-canine-intraocular-pressure-measurements-using-the-tonovet-%C3%A2-rebound-tonometer
#12
Juliana Kravetz de Oliveira, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira, David L Williams
The objective of this study was to assess the variability of readings made using the Tonovet® rebound tonometer for measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) in the peripheral cornea and in angulated positions on the canine corneal surface. Forty-six client-owned dogs admitted for ophthalmic evaluation at the Queen's Veterinary School Hospital, University of Cambridge were included in the study. IOP readings were taken at a variety of locations and using the tonometer at a number of different angles to the cornea: 1) Perpendicularly at center of the cornea (CC); 2) At the center of the cornea but with the tonometer positioned at four angles, and 3) At four different points on the peripheral cornea...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721434/physiological-parameter-values-in-greyhounds-before-and-after-high-intensity-exercise
#13
Francisco Javier Pellegrino, Analía Risso, Pablo G Vaquero, Yanina A Corrada
Dog sports competitions have greatly expanded. The availability of reference values for each type of activity could help assess fitness accurately. Heart rate (HR), blood lactate (BL) and rectal temperature (RT) are relevant physiological parameters to determine the dogs response to effort. Previous studies in greyhounds have reported the effect of high-intensity exercise on many physiological parameters immediately after completing different racing distances and recovery times. However, there are no studies concerning physiological changes over shorter racing distances...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721433/lectin-binding-patterns-and-immunohistochemical-antigen-detection-in-placenta-and-lungs-of-brucella-abortus-bovine-infected-fetuses
#14
María Andrea Fiorentino, Fernando Alberto Paolicchi, Carlos Manuel Campero, Claudio G Barbeito
Lectin binding relies on the affinity of these substances for specific terminal sugars. The method facilitates the identification of complex structures to which the terminal sugar attaches and may reveal physiological or pathological changes in cells, intracellular interactions or extracellular transport pathways. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of infection with Brucella abortus on the pattern of lectin binding in bovine fetal lungs (n=6) and bovine placentas (n=5). Fetal lungs and placenta from heifers experimentally inoculated with B...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445622/palmar-annular-ligament-desmotomy-in-horses-with-the-arthrex-centerline%C3%A2-an-ex-vivo-study
#15
Luca Lacitignola, Pasquale De Luca, Annarita Imperante, Simone Della Tommasa, Antonio Crovace
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a single-portal endoscopic desmotomy of the PAL with the use of Arthrex - Centerline™. Ten horse distal front limbs from horses free of PAL disease were prepared for tenoscopy of the digital flexor tendon sheath (DFTS). A dual-port endoscopic desmotomy with a hook knife was performed in 5 specimens (Group A) and single port Arthrex-Centerline™ Desmotomy was performed in another 5 specimens (Group B). The performing time, judgments of the surgeon, number of blade passages, and gross anatomy were evaluated...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445621/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-lymphocyte-populations-in-the-nictitans-glands-of-normal-dogs-and-dogs-with-keratoconjunctivitis-sicca
#16
David L Williams, And Alice Tighe
Idiopathic canine keratoconjunctivitis sicca (iKCS) is a common condition of the canine eye involving a deficiency in aqueous tear production which is commonly held to have an immune-mediated, as most probably an autoimmune aetiopathogenesis. Yet to date no direct evaluation has been made of the inflammatory cell populations in the lacrimal tissue of dogs with iKCS. Here we sought to quantify T and B lymphocyte populations in the lacrimal tissue of the nictitans glands of dogs with iKCS those with neurological KCS (nKCS)and also in dogs with tear production within the recognized normal levels and no ocular surface signs of KCS...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445620/genetic-analysis-of-maternal-and-paternal-lineages-in-kabardian-horses-by-uniparental-molecular-markers
#17
Aliybek D Khaudov, Astemir S Duduev, Zaur A Kokov, Khazhismel K Amshokov, Mohamed Kh Zhekamukhov, Alexander M Zaitsev, Monika Reissmann
Studies of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) as well as the non-recombining part of the Y chromosome help to understand the origin and distribution of maternal and paternal lineages. The Kabardian horse from Northern Caucasia which is well-known for strength, stamina and endurance in distance riding has a large gap in its breeding documentation especially in the recent past. A 309 bp fragment of the mitochondrial D-loop (156 Kabardian horses) and six mutations in Y chromosome (49 Kabardian stallions), respectively, were analyzed to get a better insight into breeding history, phylogenetic relationship to related breeds, maternal and paternal diversity and genetic structure...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445619/incidence-and-biochemical-parameters-of-dermatophilosis-in-nigerian-cattle-breeds-from-livestock-markets-oyo-state-nigeria
#18
Sunday Charles Olaogun, Keleshi Joseph Onwuzuruike
Dermatophilosis is one of the major economically important diseases of cattle in Nigeria. Managing the condition has been very challenging and re-occurrence has been reported with moderate to high morbidity and mortality. The incidence and biochemical features of cattle with dermatophilosis was conducted in June to December 2016 across the four geopolitical zones of Oyo state, Nigeria. Clinical diagnosis were made based on appearance of dermatophilosis lesion, breeds morphologically characterized, ageing were based on rostral dentition and severity based on the extent and nature of the lesion...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445618/comparative-oncology-integrating-human-and-veterinary-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Faheem Sultan, Bilal Ahmad Ganaie
Cancer constitutes the major health problem both in human and veterinary medicine. Comparative oncology as an integrative approach offers to learn more about naturally occurring cancers across different species. Canine models have many advantages as they experience spontaneous disease, have many genes similar to human genes, five to seven-fold accelerated ageing compared to humans, respond to treatments similarly as humans do and health care levels second only to humans. Also, the clinical trials in canines could generate more robust data, as their spontaneous nature mimics real-life situations and could be translated to humans...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445617/pathogenic-leptospira-advances-in-understanding-the-molecular-pathogenesis-and-virulence
#20
REVIEW
Ciamak Ghazaei
Leptospirosis is a common zoonotic disease has emerged as a major public health problem, with developing countries bearing disproportionate burdens. Although the diverse range of clinical manifestations of the leptospirosis in humans is widely documented, the mechanisms through which the pathogen causes disease remain undetermined. In addition, leptospirosis is a much-neglected life-threatening disease although it is one of the most important zoonoses occurring in a diverse range of epidemiological distribution...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
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