journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Open Veterinary Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210544/cataracts-and-strabismus-associated-with-hand-rearing-using-artificial-milk-formulas-in-bengal-tiger-panthera-tigris-spp-tigris-cubs
#1
Rogério Ribas Lange, Leandro Lima, Erika Frühvald, Vera Sônia Nunes da Silva, Aparecida Sônia de Souza, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The aim of this investigation is to describe the potential contributing nutritional factors involved in the development of ophthalmic and dermatologic changes in four Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris spp tigris) cubs fed an artificial milk formula. The affected animals were compared with two other tiger cubs that had been nursed by their dam naturally. After the first clinical signs appeared, the tiger cubs underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Severe symmetric generalized alopecia over the trunk, sparing the head and distal portion of the front and rear limbs, bilateral cataracts and strabismus were noticed...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210543/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-and-horizontal-pupil-diameter-during-use-of-topical-mydriatics-in-the-canine-eye
#2
Liga Kovalcuka, Agris Ilgazs, Dace Bandere, David L Williams
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of topical 0.5% tropicamide, 1% atropine sulphate and 10% phenylephrine hydrochloride ophthalmic solutions on intraocular pressure (IOP) and horizontal pupil diameter (HPD) in the dog during the first hour after treatment. Forty clinically and ophthalmologically normal canine patients (between the ages of 2 and 6 years) of varying breed and sex were used in this study. Animals were randomly divided into four groups of ten and given one drop of tropicamide, atropine, phenylephrine or saline into one eye...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180095/tgf-%C3%AE-1-serum-concentrations-and-receptor-expressions-in-the-lens-capsular-of-dogs-with-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Stephan Neumann, Jens Linek, Gerhard Loesenbeck, Julia Schüttler, Sonja Gaedke
Tissue fibrosis as complication of diabetes mellitus is known in humans. Because TGF-β1induces fibrosis and is elevated in humans suffering from diabetes mellitus we measured this growth factor in serum of dogs with diabetes mellitus and compared it with healthy dogs and those with fibrotic diseases. Further we measured the expression of TGF-β1receptor on lens capsule to investigate possible association between diabetes mellitus and cataract associated alterations. TGF-β1 was measured in serum of 12 dogs with diabetes mellitus, 20 healthy controls and 12 dogs with fibrotic diseases...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180094/exploiting-serological-data-to-understand-the-epidemiology-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotypes-circulating-in-libya
#4
Ibrahim Eldaghayes, Abdunaser Dayhum, Abdulwahab Kammon, Monier Sharif, Giancarlo Ferrari, Christianus Bartels, Keith Sumption, Donald P King, Santina Grazioli, Emiliana Brocchi
Sporadic outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) have occurred in Libya for almost fifty years. During the spring of 2013, a countrywide serosurvey was undertaken to assess the level of FMD virus circulation and identify FMD virus serotypes in the country. A total of 4221 sera were collected, comprising samples from large ruminants (LR; n=1428 samples from 357 farms) and small ruminants (SR; n=2793 samples from 141 farms). FMD sero-prevalence of NSP antibodies determined by ELISA were 19.0% (271/1428) with 95% CI (16...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116252/contagious-equine-metritis-in-portugal-a-retrospective-report-of-the-first-outbreak-in-the-country-and-recent-contagious-equine-metritis-test-results
#5
T Rocha
Contagious equine metritis (CEM), a highly contagious bacterial venereal infection of equids, caused by Taylorella equigenitalis, is of major international concern, causing short-term infertility in mares. Portugal has a long tradition of horse breeding and exportation and until recently was considered CEM-free. However, in 2008, T. equigenitalis was isolated at our laboratory from a recently imported stallion and 2 mares from the same stud. Following this first reported outbreak, the Portuguese Veterinary Authority (DGVA) performed mandatory testing on all remaining equines at the stud (n=30), resulting in a further 4 positive animals...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116251/first-report-of-cerebellar-abiotrophy-in-an-arabian-foal-from-argentina
#6
S A Sadaba, G J Madariaga, C M Corbi Botto, M H Carino, M E Zappa, P Peral García, S A Olguín, A Massone, S Díaz
Evidence of cerebellar abiotrophy (CA) was found in a six-month-old Arabian filly with signs of incoordination, head tremor, wobbling, loss of balance and falling over, consistent with a cerebellar lesion. Normal hematology profile blood test and cerebrospinal fluid analysis excluded infectious encephalitis, and serological testing for Sarcocystis neurona was negative. The filly was euthanized. Postmortem X-ray radiography of the cervical cephalic region identified not abnormalities, discounting spinal trauma...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116250/lateral-patellar-luxation-in-nine-small-breed-dogs
#7
F Di Dona, G Della Valle, C Balestriere, B Lamagna, L Meomartino, G Napoleone, F Lamagna, G Fatone
The objective of this paper was to describe the clinical features, the management and the outcome of nine small breed dogs affected with lateral patella luxation referred during the period between January 2010 and December 2014. Patellar luxations were classified according to: breed, age, sex, weight, and grade of patellar luxation, as well as if unilateral or bilateral, and concurrent cranial cruciate ligament lesion. In affected dogs, surgical correction consisted in the combination of tibial tuberosity transposition and soft tissue procedure...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116249/proliferation-angiogenesis-and-differentiation-related-markers-in-compact-and-follicular-compact-thyroid-carcinomas-in-dogs
#8
P Pessina, V A Castillo, D César, I Sartore, A Meikle
Immunohistochemical markers (IGF-1, IGF-1R, VEGF, FGF-2, RARα and RXR) were evaluated in healthy canine thyroid glands (n=8) and in follicular-compact (n=8) and compact thyroid carcinomas (n=8). IGF-1, IGF-1R and VEGF expression was higher in fibroblasts and endothelial cells of compact carcinoma than in healthy glands (P < 0.05). Compared to follicular-compact carcinoma, compact carcinoma had higher IGF-1R expression in fibroblasts, and higher FGF-2 expression in endothelial cells (P < 0.05). RARα expression was higher in endothelial cells of compact carcinoma than in those of other groups (P < 0...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116248/isolation-of-staphylococcus-sciuri-from-horse-skin-infection
#9
H Beims, A Overmann, M Fulde, M Steinert, S Bergmann
Staphylococcus sciuri is known as an opportunistic pathogen colonizing domesticated animals and has also been associated with wound infections in humans. Particularly over the last decade, oxacillin (methicillin) resistant strains had been emerged, which now increase the medical relevance of this species. This report describes the identification of an oxacillin-resistant S. sciuri isolate from a wound infection of a horse. We determined the absence of coagulase and hyaluronidase activity and analysed the antibiotic resistance profile...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995081/thoracic-duct-lymphography-by-subcutaneous-contrast-agent-injection-in-a-dog-with-chylothorax
#10
T Iwanaga, S Tokunaga, Y Momoi
A 4-year-old male Japanese Shiba Inu presented with recurrent chylothorax. The thoracic duct was successfully imaged using computed tomography after the injection of an iodine contrast agent into the subcutaneous tissue surrounding the anus. The thoracic duct was successfully ligated and pericardectomy performed via an open thoracotomy. Pleural effusion improved but relapsed a week after the surgery. A second lymphography revealed a collateral thoracic duct that was not detected during the first lymphography...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995080/electrochemotherapy-increases-local-control-after-incomplete-excision-of-a-recurring-penile-fibrosarcoma-in-a-stallion
#11
E P Spugnini, C Bolaffio, L Scacco, A Baldi
An eleven-year-old stallion was referred for adjuvant treatment of an incompletely excised, recurring penile fibrosarcoma. The horse was bright, alert and responsive with a 15 x 12 cm ulcerated lesion on the ventral side of the penis. The lesion was the tumor bed of an incompletely excised fibrosarcoma. After complete staging procedures, the owner elected to treat the horse with electrochemotherapy (ECT) using cisplatin as chemotherapy agent. Two sessions of ECT were performed at two-week intervals using local cisplatin followed by trains of biphasic electric pulses applied using different electrodes until complete coverage of the area was achieved...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928521/congenital-deformity-of-the-distal-extremities-in-three-dogs
#12
F Di Dona, G Della Valle, L Meomartino, F Lamagna, G Fatone
Congenital limb deformities are very rare conditions and the knowledge about etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation and treatment is still poor. Moreover, many defects are still not reported in veterinary literature. This report documents clinical and radiographic findings in three dogs with congenital deformity involving the distal extremities. Case 1 was affected with bilateral aphalangia of the pedes, case 2 presented a combination of brachydactyly and syndactyly, whereas in case 3 a unilateral ectrodactyly was observed...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928520/calcitonin-negative-primary-neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-thyroid-nonmedullary-in-a-dog
#13
E A Soler Arias, V A Castillo, M E Caneda Aristarain
The Calcitonin-negative neuroendocrine tumor of the thyroid (CNNET) or "nonmedullary" in humans is a rare tumor that arises primarily in the thyroid gland and may be mistaken for medullary thyroid carcinoma; it is characterized by the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of neuroendocrine markers and the absence of expression for calcitonin. An Argentine dogo bitch showed a solid, compact thyroid tumor, which was IHC negative for the expression of calcitonin, carcinoembryonic antigen, thyroglobulin and S100 protein, and positive for synaptophysin and cytokeratin AE1-AE3...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928519/antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-minimal-inhibitory-concentration-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-septic-ocular-surface-disease-in-different-animal-species
#14
L Leigue, F Montiani-Ferreira, B A Moore
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibiotic susceptibility profile of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from different animal species with septic ocular surface disease. Sixteen strains of P. aeruginosa were isolated from different species of animals (dog, cat, horse, penguin and brown bear) with ocular surface diseases such as conjunctivitis, keratocojnuctivits sicca and ulcerative keratitis. These isolates were tested against 11 different antimicrobials agents using the Kirby-Bauer disk-diffusion method...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928518/prenatal-transmission-of-scrapie-in-sheep-and-goats-a-case-study-for-veterinary-public-health
#15
REVIEW
D B Adams
Unsettled knowledge as to whether scrapie transmits prenatally in sheep and goats and transmits by semen and preimplantation embryos has a potential to compromise measures for controlling, preventing and eliminating the disease. The remedy may be analysis according to a systematic review, allowing comprehensive and accessible treatment of evidence and reasoning, clarifying the issue and specifying the uncertainties. Systematic reviews have clearly formulated questions, can identify relevant studies and appraise their quality and can summarise evidence and reasoning with an explicit methodology...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882305/splenophrenic-portosystemic-shunt-in-dogs-with-and-without-portal-hypertension-can-acquired-and-congenital-porto-caval-connections-coexist
#16
M Ricciardi
The possible existence of the same pattern of porto-caval connection in dogs having a single congenital portosystemic shunt (CPSS) and in dogs having multiple acquired portosystemic shunt (MAPSS) secondary to portal hypertension (PH) was evaluated. Retrospective evaluation of all CT examinations of patients having portosystemic shunt (PSS) was performed in a 4-year time period. All anomalous porto-caval connections were assessed for anatomical pattern and compared with published veterinary literature. Records of 25 dogs were reviewed...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882304/metabolic-and-adaptive-immune-responses-induced-in-mice-infected-with-tissue-dwelling-nematode-trichinella-zimbabwensis
#17
N Onkoba, M J Chimbari, J M Kamau, S Mukaratirwa
Tissue-dwelling helminths are known to induce intestinal and systemic inflammation accompanied with host compensatory mechanisms to counter balance nutritional and metabolic deficiencies. The metabolic and immune responses of the host depend on parasite species and tissues affected by the parasite. This study investigated metabolic and immuno-inflammatory responses of mice infected with tissue-dwelling larvae of Trichinella zimbabwensis and explored the relationship between infection, metabolic parameters and Th1/Th17 immune responses...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822453/student-attitudes-regarding-the-educational-value-and-welfare-implications-in-the-use-of-model-eyes-and-live-dogs-in-teaching-practical-fundus-examination-evaluation-of-responses-from-40-students
#18
D L Williams, C Wager, J Brearley
This study sought to document student opinions on the educational value and welfare implications of use of artificial model eyes and live dogs in the training of veterinary students in examination of the canine fundus. Forty students who had undertaken a practical class on canine fundoscopy involving both use of artificial model eyes and live dogs were asked to complete a short questionnaire using a Likert scale to gauge their opinion on whether the use of live dogs and artificial eyes was very valuable (scoring 2), valuable (1), a neutral response (0), not particularly valuable (-1) or not at all valuable (-2) and to write a free text response on their views of the educational value and welfare implications of using artificial model eyes or live dogs in training for ophthalmic examination of the canine ocular fundus...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822452/multiple-endocrine-neoplasia-similar-to-human-subtype-2a-in-a-dog-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-bilateral-pheochromocytoma-and-parathyroid-adenoma
#19
E A Soler Arias, V A Castillo, R H Trigo, M E Caneda Aristarain
Human multiple endocrine neoplasia subtype 2A (MEN 2A) is characterized by medullary thyroid carcinoma, pheochromocytoma and parathyroid hyperplasia or adenoma in the same individual. In this report, a case of a female Rottweiler with medullary thyroid carcinoma, bilateral pheochromocytoma and parathyroid adenoma was described. Clinical manifestations of muscle weakness, polydipsia, polyuria, diarrhea and weight loss were observed. Two adrenal neoplasms were identified incidentally by ultrasonography, and tumor in the left thyroid lobe was identified by palpation...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800301/diagnosis-and-surgical-repair-of-entero-cystocele-in-a-cat
#20
A Rizk, A Samy
A five-month-old male Shiraze cat was referred to the Mansoura Veterinary Teaching Hospital of Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt for evaluation of a 5-days history of swelling in the caudal ventral abdomen after trauma, persistent straining and inability to urinate. Clinical examination, abdominal ultrasonography and exploratory laparotomy revealed herniation and herniorraphy was attempted. The herniated organs were urinary bladder and intestine through an abdominal wall defect. Clinical signs resolved after surgical reduction of the intestine and urinary bladder...
2016: Open veterinary journal
journal
journal
52587
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"