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Open Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331835/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-jugular-vein-in-a-dog
#1
Alessio Pierini, Filippo Cinti, Diana Binanti, Guido Pisani
A four-year-old, male, Labrador retriever was referred for removal of a spindle cell sarcoma involving the right jugular vein. A post-contrast CT scan showed a seven-centimeter subcutaneous mass originated from the right external jugular vein, which was partially obstructed and showing contrast stasis, suggested a primary intravascular tumor of the jugular vein. The mass was resected, and histological evaluation was consistent with grade II intravenous spindle cell sarcoma of the jugular vein. Immunohistochemical positivity for vimentin, desmin, and αSMA antibody and negativity for S-100 protein confirmed venous leiomyosarcoma...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331834/ultrasound-guided-electrochemotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-a-clear-cell-thymoma-in-a-cat
#2
Enrico Pierluigi Spugnini, Francesco Menicagli, Michela Pettorali, Alfonso Baldi
A twelve-year-old male castrated domestic shorthair cat was presented for rapidly progressing respiratory distress. The cat was depressed, tachypneic and moderately responsive. Ultrasonography showed a mediastinal mass associated with a significant pleural effusion that needed tapping every five to seven days. Ultrasound guided biopsy yielded a diagnosis of clear cell thymoma upon histopathology. After complete staging procedures, the owner elected to treat the cat with electrochemotherapy (ECT) using systemic bleomycin...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331833/survey-of-spatial-distribution-of-vector-borne-disease-in-neighborhood-dogs-in-southern-brazil
#3
Caroline Constantino, Edson Ferraz Evaristo de Paula, Ana Pérola Drulla Brandão, Fernando Ferreira, Rafael Felipe da Costa Vieira, Alexander Welker Biondo
Neighborhood dogs may act as reservoirs and disseminators of vector-borne diseases in urban areas. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to ascertain the health status and the vector-borne pathogens infecting dogs living in public areas with high levels of human movement in the city of Curitiba, southern Brazil. Blood samples from 21 neighborhood dogs that were found in nine of 22 bus stations and two public parks were subjected to a complete blood cell (CBC) count, serum biochemical profiling, a commercial rapid ELISA test and a commercial real-time PCR panel of vector-borne diseases...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331832/glucosamine-and-chondroitin-use-in-canines-for-osteoarthritis-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Angel Bhathal, Meredith Spryszak, Christopher Louizos, Grace Frankel
Osteoarthritis is a slowly progressive and debilitating disease that affects canines of all breeds. Pain and decreased mobility resulting from osteoarthritis often have a negative impact on the affected canine's quality of life, level of comfort, daily functioning, activity, behaviour, and client-pet companionship. Despite limited and conflicting evidence, the natural products glucosamine hydrochloride (HCl) and chondroitin sulfate are commonly recommended by veterinarians for treating osteoarthritis in dogs...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331831/first-isolation-and-nucleotide-comparison-of-the-gag-gene-of-the-caprine-arthritis-encephalitis-virus-circulating-in-naturally-infected-goats-from-argentina
#5
Carlos Javier Panei, Maria Laura Gos, Alejandro Rafael Valera, Cecilia Monica Galosi, Maria Gabriela Echeverria
Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) has been reported in different countries worldwide, based on serological and molecular detection. In Argentina, the prevalence of CAEV infections is increasing, with goats showing symptoms associated mostly with cachexia and arthritis. Although in Argentina the virus has been detected by serology, it has never been isolated or characterized. Thus, the objectives of this work were to isolate and analyze the nucleotide sequences of the gag gene of Argentine CAEV strains and compare them with those of other SRLVs previously reported...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210544/cataracts-and-strabismus-associated-with-hand-rearing-using-artificial-milk-formulas-in-bengal-tiger-panthera-tigris-spp-tigris-cubs
#6
Rogério Ribas Lange, Leandro Lima, Erika Frühvald, Vera Sônia Nunes da Silva, Aparecida Sônia de Souza, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
The aim of this investigation is to describe the potential contributing nutritional factors involved in the development of ophthalmic and dermatologic changes in four Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris spp tigris) cubs fed an artificial milk formula. The affected animals were compared with two other tiger cubs that had been nursed by their dam naturally. After the first clinical signs appeared, the tiger cubs underwent ophthalmic evaluation. Severe symmetric generalized alopecia over the trunk, sparing the head and distal portion of the front and rear limbs, bilateral cataracts and strabismus were noticed...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210543/changes-in-intraocular-pressure-and-horizontal-pupil-diameter-during-use-of-topical-mydriatics-in-the-canine-eye
#7
Liga Kovalcuka, Agris Ilgazs, Dace Bandere, David L Williams
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of topical 0.5% tropicamide, 1% atropine sulphate and 10% phenylephrine hydrochloride ophthalmic solutions on intraocular pressure (IOP) and horizontal pupil diameter (HPD) in the dog during the first hour after treatment. Forty clinically and ophthalmologically normal canine patients (between the ages of 2 and 6 years) of varying breed and sex were used in this study. Animals were randomly divided into four groups of ten and given one drop of tropicamide, atropine, phenylephrine or saline into one eye...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180095/tgf-%C3%AE-1-serum-concentrations-and-receptor-expressions-in-the-lens-capsular-of-dogs-with-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Stephan Neumann, Jens Linek, Gerhard Loesenbeck, Julia Schüttler, Sonja Gaedke
Tissue fibrosis as complication of diabetes mellitus is known in humans. Because TGF-β1induces fibrosis and is elevated in humans suffering from diabetes mellitus we measured this growth factor in serum of dogs with diabetes mellitus and compared it with healthy dogs and those with fibrotic diseases. Further we measured the expression of TGF-β1receptor on lens capsule to investigate possible association between diabetes mellitus and cataract associated alterations. TGF-β1 was measured in serum of 12 dogs with diabetes mellitus, 20 healthy controls and 12 dogs with fibrotic diseases...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180094/exploiting-serological-data-to-understand-the-epidemiology-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotypes-circulating-in-libya
#9
Ibrahim Eldaghayes, Abdunaser Dayhum, Abdulwahab Kammon, Monier Sharif, Giancarlo Ferrari, Christianus Bartels, Keith Sumption, Donald P King, Santina Grazioli, Emiliana Brocchi
Sporadic outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) have occurred in Libya for almost fifty years. During the spring of 2013, a countrywide serosurvey was undertaken to assess the level of FMD virus circulation and identify FMD virus serotypes in the country. A total of 4221 sera were collected, comprising samples from large ruminants (LR; n=1428 samples from 357 farms) and small ruminants (SR; n=2793 samples from 141 farms). FMD sero-prevalence of NSP antibodies determined by ELISA were 19.0% (271/1428) with 95% CI (16...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116252/contagious-equine-metritis-in-portugal-a-retrospective-report-of-the-first-outbreak-in-the-country-and-recent-contagious-equine-metritis-test-results
#10
T Rocha
Contagious equine metritis (CEM), a highly contagious bacterial venereal infection of equids, caused by Taylorella equigenitalis, is of major international concern, causing short-term infertility in mares. Portugal has a long tradition of horse breeding and exportation and until recently was considered CEM-free. However, in 2008, T. equigenitalis was isolated at our laboratory from a recently imported stallion and 2 mares from the same stud. Following this first reported outbreak, the Portuguese Veterinary Authority (DGVA) performed mandatory testing on all remaining equines at the stud (n=30), resulting in a further 4 positive animals...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116251/first-report-of-cerebellar-abiotrophy-in-an-arabian-foal-from-argentina
#11
S A Sadaba, G J Madariaga, C M Corbi Botto, M H Carino, M E Zappa, P Peral García, S A Olguín, A Massone, S Díaz
Evidence of cerebellar abiotrophy (CA) was found in a six-month-old Arabian filly with signs of incoordination, head tremor, wobbling, loss of balance and falling over, consistent with a cerebellar lesion. Normal hematology profile blood test and cerebrospinal fluid analysis excluded infectious encephalitis, and serological testing for Sarcocystis neurona was negative. The filly was euthanized. Postmortem X-ray radiography of the cervical cephalic region identified not abnormalities, discounting spinal trauma...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116250/lateral-patellar-luxation-in-nine-small-breed-dogs
#12
F Di Dona, G Della Valle, C Balestriere, B Lamagna, L Meomartino, G Napoleone, F Lamagna, G Fatone
The objective of this paper was to describe the clinical features, the management and the outcome of nine small breed dogs affected with lateral patella luxation referred during the period between January 2010 and December 2014. Patellar luxations were classified according to: breed, age, sex, weight, and grade of patellar luxation, as well as if unilateral or bilateral, and concurrent cranial cruciate ligament lesion. In affected dogs, surgical correction consisted in the combination of tibial tuberosity transposition and soft tissue procedure...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116249/proliferation-angiogenesis-and-differentiation-related-markers-in-compact-and-follicular-compact-thyroid-carcinomas-in-dogs
#13
P Pessina, V A Castillo, D César, I Sartore, A Meikle
Immunohistochemical markers (IGF-1, IGF-1R, VEGF, FGF-2, RARα and RXR) were evaluated in healthy canine thyroid glands (n=8) and in follicular-compact (n=8) and compact thyroid carcinomas (n=8). IGF-1, IGF-1R and VEGF expression was higher in fibroblasts and endothelial cells of compact carcinoma than in healthy glands (P < 0.05). Compared to follicular-compact carcinoma, compact carcinoma had higher IGF-1R expression in fibroblasts, and higher FGF-2 expression in endothelial cells (P < 0.05). RARα expression was higher in endothelial cells of compact carcinoma than in those of other groups (P < 0...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116248/isolation-of-staphylococcus-sciuri-from-horse-skin-infection
#14
H Beims, A Overmann, M Fulde, M Steinert, S Bergmann
Staphylococcus sciuri is known as an opportunistic pathogen colonizing domesticated animals and has also been associated with wound infections in humans. Particularly over the last decade, oxacillin (methicillin) resistant strains had been emerged, which now increase the medical relevance of this species. This report describes the identification of an oxacillin-resistant S. sciuri isolate from a wound infection of a horse. We determined the absence of coagulase and hyaluronidase activity and analysed the antibiotic resistance profile...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995081/thoracic-duct-lymphography-by-subcutaneous-contrast-agent-injection-in-a-dog-with-chylothorax
#15
T Iwanaga, S Tokunaga, Y Momoi
A 4-year-old male Japanese Shiba Inu presented with recurrent chylothorax. The thoracic duct was successfully imaged using computed tomography after the injection of an iodine contrast agent into the subcutaneous tissue surrounding the anus. The thoracic duct was successfully ligated and pericardectomy performed via an open thoracotomy. Pleural effusion improved but relapsed a week after the surgery. A second lymphography revealed a collateral thoracic duct that was not detected during the first lymphography...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995080/electrochemotherapy-increases-local-control-after-incomplete-excision-of-a-recurring-penile-fibrosarcoma-in-a-stallion
#16
E P Spugnini, C Bolaffio, L Scacco, A Baldi
An eleven-year-old stallion was referred for adjuvant treatment of an incompletely excised, recurring penile fibrosarcoma. The horse was bright, alert and responsive with a 15 x 12 cm ulcerated lesion on the ventral side of the penis. The lesion was the tumor bed of an incompletely excised fibrosarcoma. After complete staging procedures, the owner elected to treat the horse with electrochemotherapy (ECT) using cisplatin as chemotherapy agent. Two sessions of ECT were performed at two-week intervals using local cisplatin followed by trains of biphasic electric pulses applied using different electrodes until complete coverage of the area was achieved...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928521/congenital-deformity-of-the-distal-extremities-in-three-dogs
#17
F Di Dona, G Della Valle, L Meomartino, F Lamagna, G Fatone
Congenital limb deformities are very rare conditions and the knowledge about etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentation and treatment is still poor. Moreover, many defects are still not reported in veterinary literature. This report documents clinical and radiographic findings in three dogs with congenital deformity involving the distal extremities. Case 1 was affected with bilateral aphalangia of the pedes, case 2 presented a combination of brachydactyly and syndactyly, whereas in case 3 a unilateral ectrodactyly was observed...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928520/calcitonin-negative-primary-neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-thyroid-nonmedullary-in-a-dog
#18
E A Soler Arias, V A Castillo, M E Caneda Aristarain
The Calcitonin-negative neuroendocrine tumor of the thyroid (CNNET) or "nonmedullary" in humans is a rare tumor that arises primarily in the thyroid gland and may be mistaken for medullary thyroid carcinoma; it is characterized by the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of neuroendocrine markers and the absence of expression for calcitonin. An Argentine dogo bitch showed a solid, compact thyroid tumor, which was IHC negative for the expression of calcitonin, carcinoembryonic antigen, thyroglobulin and S100 protein, and positive for synaptophysin and cytokeratin AE1-AE3...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928519/antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-minimal-inhibitory-concentration-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolated-from-septic-ocular-surface-disease-in-different-animal-species
#19
L Leigue, F Montiani-Ferreira, B A Moore
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibiotic susceptibility profile of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from different animal species with septic ocular surface disease. Sixteen strains of P. aeruginosa were isolated from different species of animals (dog, cat, horse, penguin and brown bear) with ocular surface diseases such as conjunctivitis, keratocojnuctivits sicca and ulcerative keratitis. These isolates were tested against 11 different antimicrobials agents using the Kirby-Bauer disk-diffusion method...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928518/prenatal-transmission-of-scrapie-in-sheep-and-goats-a-case-study-for-veterinary-public-health
#20
REVIEW
D B Adams
Unsettled knowledge as to whether scrapie transmits prenatally in sheep and goats and transmits by semen and preimplantation embryos has a potential to compromise measures for controlling, preventing and eliminating the disease. The remedy may be analysis according to a systematic review, allowing comprehensive and accessible treatment of evidence and reasoning, clarifying the issue and specifying the uncertainties. Systematic reviews have clearly formulated questions, can identify relevant studies and appraise their quality and can summarise evidence and reasoning with an explicit methodology...
2016: Open veterinary journal
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