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Open Veterinary Journal

Jia Wen Siow
Zinc toxicosis is commonly associated with ingestion of metallic zinc objects. This report documents an uncommon presentation of zinc toxicosis, secondary to prolonged ingestion of a zinc oxide cream. A 5.6 kg 6-year-old ovariohysterectomised female Poodle cross presented as a transfer to an emergency practice for severe anaemia, pigmenturia, weakness, and inappetence. She had a history of vomiting and nine days of diarrhoea. Amongst other supportive treatments, a zinc oxide cream had been applied to her hind end due to severe diarrhoea scalding, and in hindsight, the owners realised she had ingested large quantities of this cream...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Emilie Véran, Julie Gallay-Lepoutre, Guillaume Gory, Pierre Guillaumot, Julie Duboy
A 12-year-old spayed female domestic shorthair cat was evaluated for a 3-week history of abdominal distension. Chyloabdomen secondary to pancreatic carcinoma was diagnosed. The cat was palliatively managed using rutin and a low-fat diet. The etiology, diagnosis and management of chyloabdomen are discussed.
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Aurélie Sauvage, Géraldine Bolen, Sébastien Monclin, Magda Grauwels
Orbital compartment syndrome (OCS) is described in humans as an acute rise in intraorbital pressure following a severe and rapidly evolving orbital affection. It includes orbital oedema, haemorrhage or infection causing a marked reduction in local blood perfusion, and severely affecting the orbital neurovascular structures. If not promptly recognised and treated, it results in irreversible blindness. It is one of the rare ophthalmic surgical emergencies, requiring lateral canthotomy and cantholysis. This case report describes two canine cases of complex orbital, periorbital and facial abscesses resulting in OCS and permanent unilateral blindness diagnosed by ultrasonography, computed tomography and electroretinography...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Satoshi Takagi, Daichi Takamura, Tatsuya Deguchi, Yusuke Izumi, Ryo Takeuchi, Kiyotaka Hoshi, Kyosuke Takeuchi
A 10-year-old castrated male cross-breed dog was referred for the repair of perineal hernia with bladder retroflexion and a mass lesion in the hernial sac. Surgical treatment was performed and the mass was identified as degenerated adipose tissue that was suspected to be derived from the omentum. The hernial contents were reduced without difficulty, and the dog exhibited a normal recovery. Two days after surgery, the dog suddenly exhibited anorexia and azotemia. Exploratory laparotomy was performed, which showed the dilation of both ureters with discoloration of the bladder serosa and strangulation of the urinary bladder neck...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Dawit Gebremichael
Leishmaniasis is one of the growing public health challenges in Ethiopia and estimated over 7,000 and 50,000 new cases of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) per year, respectively. The aim of the review is to address zoonotic impact and epidemiological changes of leishmaniasis in Ethiopia. VL is caused by L. donovani and it is endemic in many parts of the country with one third of the country's landmass is highly suitable for VL. CL is principally caused by L. aethiopica . CL is endemic and widespread in the highland of Ethiopia...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Marwa M Attia, Marwa M Khalifa, Olfat A Mahdy
Gasterophiline larvae are of veterinary and medical importance caused specific equine intestinal myiasis. Gasterophilus intestinalis (Botfly larvae) had a wide geographical distribution. The present study explores the prevalence rate of G. intestinalis 3rd stage larvae in Egypt from January- December 2017; besides, in vitro trials to control of this larvae and evaluation of this trial using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and histopathology of treated larvae. In the present study, the 3rd larval stage of G...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Talla Sridhar Goud, Ramesh Chandra Upadhyay, Anil Kumar, Satyanagalakshmi Karri, Renuka Choudhary, Syma Ashraf, Sohan Vir Singh, Onteru Suneel Kumar, Chadipiralla Kiranmai
DNA is the prerequisite for life's inception that transfers hereditary information, past several years; various types of commercial kits are made available which vary depending on the type of the biological sample being used. The present study is focused on developing an improvised methodology for the isolation of genomic DNA from stored bovine blood samples. DNA was isolated by using the conventional Phenol: Chloroform: Isoamyl alcohol (PCI) method and Detergent method. The aim of the study was to make a comparative analysis and evaluation of these two methods to identify the one that gives a superior quality and quantity of genomic DNA...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Konstantinos Mitsou, Lysimachos G Papazoglou, Ioannis Savvas, Emmanouil Tzimtzimis
The creation of leakage holes in the intestinal wall by four types of swaged-on needles used to close enterotomy incisions in canine cadavers was studied. Twenty-four enterotomies were performed in 10 cm jejunal sections obtained from five dogs following euthanasia. After placement of Doyen intestinal forceps to the ends of each section, a 3 cm antimesenteric incision was performed and closed using 4-0 polydioxanone suture armed in a swaged-on needle in a simple interrupted pattern. One group served as control, with no enterotomies performed...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Teuku Armansyah, Edi Rusmansyah Putra Barat, Cut Vela Risqa Handini, Dwinna Aliza, Amalia Sutriana, Hamdan Hamdan, Budianto Panjaitan, Arman Sayuti, Tongku Nizwan Siregar
This study aimed to determine the effect of seminal vesicle extract administration to increase the concentration and motility of spermatozoa and testosterone level of kacang goat. The experiment was arranged using a randomly completely block design (RCBD). Three kacang goats were used and each goat received three treatments namely P0 (2 mL of 0.9% NaCl), P1 (1.5 mL Capriglandin, PGF2α), and P2 (2 mL of seminal vesicle extract, EVS). Semen and blood were collected two days post-treatment to measure the concentration and motility of spermatozoa and testosterone level...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Abdulwahab Kammon, Isabella Monne, Abdulatif Asheg, Giovanni Cattoli
Avian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1) is the causative agent of Newcastle Disease which affects many species of birds leading to high mortality and heavy economic losses among poultry industry worldwide. Newcastle disease is endemic in Libya with frequent outbreaks occurring in commercial and backyard poultry. APMV-1 was isolated and characterised during the outbreak in 2013. In current study, we report another Newcastle disease outbreak that emerged in backyard chickens and pigeons in Alzintan city on March 2015...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Zeina Soayfane, Bilal Houshaymi, Robin A J Nicholas
Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae , the cause of the World Organisation of Animal Health- listed contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, is a member of the Mycoplasma mycoides cluster which comprises five pathogenic mycoplasmas of ruminants. These mycoplasmas are closely related immunologically and genetically which can lead to difficulties for differential diagnosis. The patterns of substrate metabolism of strains of M. c. capripneumoniae , gathered from diverse geographic regions, were studied by measurement of oxygen uptake rates...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Stephan Neumann, Sarah Lauenstein-Bosse
Osteoarthritis is a common problem in daily veterinary practice with insufficient knowledge about disease mechanism. Because fibrosis is a part of the alteration in the effected joints, we investigated the transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) as an important regulation molecule of tissue fibrosis. We chose Osteoarthritis following a cruciate ligament rupture (CLR) because it is a common model of osteoarthritis. A total of 13 healthy dogs and 38 dogs suffering from CLR were included in this prospective study...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
E Kolawole Oladipo, J Kola Oloke, J Adekunle Adeniji
Understanding the pathogenicity of avian influenza viruses in poultry is an important scientific and public health challenge because of antigenic shift/drift and a source of novel, potentially human-pathogenic strains. We have previously isolated an influenza A strain (H5N1/2014/Ogbomoso) from an outbreak among pig and have now aimed to assess its pathogenicity in an avian host and to categorize it as a low or high pathogenic strain. Intravenous pathogenicity index of the isolated virus was assayed using experimental infection of 6 weeks old pathogen-specific free chicken...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Mohamed Hamidouche, Nassira Belmessabih, Abderrahmane Boubguira, Amina Benfenatki, Naim Saada, Amina Sail, Fatima Bacha
Virus neutralisation test (VNT) of capripoxvirus (CaPVs) was studied to assess the post-vaccination (vaccine effectiveness) or post-infection antibodies level using two methods: alpha-VNT and beta-VNT which are generally carried out to measure the Neutralising Index (N.I.) and the serum Antibody titre (TAb ) respectively. The authors have demonstrated that a positive correlation exists between N.I. and TAb values, this study aimed to add more evidence to this correlation by establishing a graph and its mathematical equations...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Liga Kovalcuka, Dmitrij Boiko, David L Williams
The objective of this study was to determine the normal range of tear production and values of intraocular pressure (IOP) in clinically normal eyes of whooper swans ( Cygnus cygnus ). A total of 86 birds: 81 cygnets (6-10 weeks old) and 5 moulting - adult swans (3-6 years old) were examined in this study. Both eyes of all birds underwent a complete ophthalmic examination, including evaluation of tear production with the phenol red thread test (PRTT) and the assessment of the IOP by rebound tonometry, employing the TonoVet® device...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Hany Hassan, Ahmed Zaghawa, Ahmed Kamr, Mahmoud Aly, Mohamed Nayel, Ahmed Elsify, Akram Salama, Ali Abdelazeim
The goals of this study were to measure serum vitamin A (retinol) and E (α-tocopherol) and trace elements concentrations (copper, zinc and selenium) during diseases condition and to determine their association with hematological parameters and immune status of hospitalized camels. A total of 95 dromedary camels [healthy (n=65); hospitalized camels (n=30)] were included in this study. Vitamin A and E concentrations were significantly lower in hospitalized camels than apparently healthy ones (P<0.05). Hospitalized camels had lower concentrations of zinc and selenium compared to healthy camels (P<0...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Ahmad Nematollahi, Parisa Shahbazi, Abbas Rafat, Morteza Ghanbarlu
Hydatidosis is a zoonotic diseases which affects human and livestock animals. The surgical treatment of hydatid diseases in man is still the most effective approach, but spillage of protoscolices is the risk of surgery. Therefore, it is essential to develop alternative approaches. Injection of protoscolicidal agents into the cysts preoperatively is an alternative method.The aim of the present study was the determination and comparison of lethal effects of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) and selenium nanoparticles (Se-NPs) on protoscolices of hydatid cyst...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Natthanet Sritrakoon, Kannika Siripattarapravat, Phudit Maneesaay, Chidozie J Amuzie, Aree Thayananuphat
This report characterized seven cases of canine retrobulbar lymphoma that have been diagnosed during 2008 to 2014 by immunophenotyping of CD3 and Pax5. Classification of lymphoma were performed according to the revised WHO guidelines. Four retrobulbar lymphomas were of T-cell origin, while the others were of B-cell. Out of 7 cases, four subtypes were diagnosed in this study; T-cell-rich large B-cell lymphoma (3/7), T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (2/7), peripheral T-cell lymphoma (1/7), and cutaneous nonepitheliotropic lymphoma (1/7)...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Ferial A Alkharigy, Adnan S El Naas, Abdulhakim A El Maghrbi
This study was a preliminary survey for identification of parasites (endoparasites and ectoparasites) and their prevalence in domestic pigeons ( Columba livia ) in Tripoli; Libya. One hundred adult domestic pigeons were purchased from different markets of Tripoli. Blood smears were prepared from each bird and examined using light microscopy with oil immersion lens for the presence of blood parasites. Oropharyngeal swab was taken from each pigeon and were processed through direct smear method and staining with Giemsa to identify Trichomonas gallinae ...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Nasr-Eldin M Aref, Abdel-Raheem A Abdel-Raheem, Hanaa F Kamaly, Soher Z Hussien
The present study was carried out to characterize pathogenic E. coli in apparently healthy and diarrheic neonatal calves with special reference to the hybrid E. coli strains and evaluate their clinical and hematobiochemical consequences. One hundred and seventy calves (age 1-30 days) were divided into two groups: apparently healthy (n = 70) and diarrheic (n=100). Animals were subjected to thorough clinical, hematobiochemical and bacteriological examinations. Clinically, diarrheic calves showed various degree of diarrhea with the presence of cardinal signs of dehydration in moderate and severe cases...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
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