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Open Veterinary Journal

Mira Chikhaoui, Fadhéla Smail, Fouzia Adda
The Barb horse this famous Maghreb horse, symbol of the pride of the Berber peoples It is particularly significant in the Algerian history, tradition and culture. This study consists in establishing the hematologic values specific to the Barb horse in the national stud farm "Chaou-Chaoua" in Tiaret. Algeria. Age of the study animals varied between 1 and 23 years. The effects of age and sex were analyzed by dividing animals into four groups, A (1 - 2 years, n=5), B (3-5 years, n=5), C (5-10 years, n=5) and D (11-23 years, n=5); for females and E (2 - 3 years, n=5), F (5-7, n=5), G (10, n=5) and H (11-25, n=5) for males...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Andrzej Golachowski, Sulaiman Al Hashmi, Barbara Golachowska
The Arabian leopard ( Panthera pardus nimr ) is critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, with an effective population of 150-250 across its entire range in the Arabian Peninsula. Isolation and preservation of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells is beneficial both for medical and research purposes. The optimal protocol for collection, handling, culturing and preserving the Arabian leopard mesenchymal stem cells acquired from bone marrow was established. Anesthesia with combination of medetomidine and tiletamine-zozalepam is the safest option even for old animals with concurrent disease including chronic kidney disease...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Alice Savarese, Monica Probo, Chiara Locatelli, Sergio Aurelio Zanzani, Alessia Libera Gazzonis, Melissa Papa, Paola Giuseppina Brambilla
The most common cause of heart failure in the canine population is myxomatous mitral valve disease, sometimes complicated by chronic kidney disease. Many studies have been done on the use of symmetric dimethylarginine as biomarker of renal impairment in dogs affected by chronic kidney disease, few studies have examined his reliability as biomarker in dogs affected by heart diseases. Aim of this study was to evaluate symmetric dimethylarginine in dogs affected by mitral valve disease in order to assess his reliability in heart diseases...
2018: Open veterinary journal
God'spower R Okoh, Haruna M Kazeem, Grace S N Kia, Zhakum N Ponfa
There is a great need for a chemical method of tissue preservation that would allow sample storage for extended periods at room temperature. This study aimed at retrieving and detecting rabies virus antigen by direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT) in formalin-fixed dog brain tissues. Forty fresh dog brain specimens were collected as paired samples from rabies suspected cases that were received for postmortem detection of rabies in the Central Diagnostic Laboratory, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Pierre-François Isard, Marielle Mentek, David Clément, Aurélie Béglé, Fabrice Romano, Florent Aptel, Iona Mathieson, Thomas Dulaurent
The objective was to assess the effect of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) on intraocular pressure (IOP) in dogs with primary glaucoma (PG). Seven dogs (13 eyes) presenting with PG as diagnosed by a raised IOP (> 20 mm Hg) associated with consistent gonioscopy and ultrasound biomicroscopy of the ciliary cleft, with no other ocular disease. Patients were divided into 3 groups, corresponding to their pre-operative IOP (group 1 ranging from 21 to 30 mm Hg, group 2 from 31 to 40 and group 3 for 40 and above)...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Maartje Schwede, Janna Rey, Peter Böttcher
It was the aim of the study to determine retrospectively cranio-caudal stifle instability following TTA (tibial tuberosity advancement) using fluoroscopic kinematography. Ten stifles (eight dogs, mean body weight 27.3 kg) with complete rupture of the cranial cruciate ligament and a mean follow-up of 12.8 weeks (5.4 - 28.4 weeks) after TTA underwent latero-lateral, uniplanar fluoroscopic kinematography while walking on a treadmill. Immediately before TTA, each stifle was explored arthroscopically and in the case of a longitudinal or bucket-handle tear of the caudal horn of the medial meniscus the unstable axial portion was resected...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
David Bruce Adams
Scrapie in sheep occurs in two forms. Classical scrapie, along with chronic wasting disease in deer, differs from all other prion diseases in being contagious and occurring as propagating epidemics. By contrast, atypical scrapie occurs sporadically and like most other prion diseases, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, is regarded as non-contagious under natural conditions. This difference motivates the present study, which uses the perspective of evolutionary biology to explore whether atypical or non-contagious scrapie can transform to classical or contagious scrapie when appropriate evolutionary forces are in play...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Mario Ricciardi, Angela Campanella, Gloria Grieco, Roberta Zammit
Over the last decade, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) have revolutionized diagnostic potential in small animal practice, providing adequate assessment of spinal diseases at levels comparable to that achieved in human radiology. T2-weighted MRI images are extremely sensitive to intramedullary parenchymal disorders, while balanced steady-state free precession sequences provide high-quality myelographic images of the spine without the need of intrathecal contrast medium administration...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Matthew D Johnson, Diego Rafael Sobrino, Daniel Dean Lewis, Justin Shmalberg
A three-and-a-half-year-old neutered male Standard Schnauzer presented with a 5-week history of inability to bear full weight on the right pelvic limb following a traumatic injury to the right stifle. Clinical, radiographic, and ultrasound findings were consistent with a proximal patellar tendon rupture with a distal patellar avulsion fragment. A proprietary Achilles repair jig system was used to reattach the patellar tendon to the patella, allowing for direct approximation of the tissues. The primary repair was supported with a protective patella-to-tibia suture, and the dog was fitted with an orthosis to restrict range of motion of the stifle...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Barbara Banco, Diana Binanti, Valentina Penna, Valeria Grieco
The present study describes a case of a spontaneous, unilateral Sertoli cell tumour (SCT) in a 6-year-old pet rabbit. The rabbit was presented with a palpable, unilateral, subcutaneous left inguinal mass, consistent with the suspected clinical diagnosis of neoplasia developing within the retained testis in the inguinal canal. The intrascrotal contralateral testis was palpable, but reduced in volume. The rabbit underwent orchiectomy and both the testes were collected, formalin-fixed, and submitted for histopathological examination...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Munsef A Al-Mansour, Mahir A G Kubba, Seham A Al-Azreg, Sausen A Dribika
This study aimed at establishing aspects of comparison between canine and human mammary gland tumors. In order to achieve that, 44 specimens of canine mammary tumors and 70 specimens of human breast tumors were examined in order to state points of similarity in morphology, cells of origin, behavior and existence of tissue markers. We found that the ratio of benign to malignant forms was 4.5% to 95.5% in canine samples and 45.7% to 54.3% in human samples. In both species, malignant tumors composed of infiltrating ductal cells were in the forefront despite dissimilarity in nomenclature...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Anitza Fragas Quintero, Dervel Felipe Díaz Herrera, Dayamí Martín Alfonso, Yanelis Cruz Santana, Raisa Betancourt Torres, Lucy Montano Tamayo
Brucellosis is a serious infectious disease that causes significant economic losses in the livestock industry. Its early diagnosis allows an adequate disease control in cattle. DAVIH Laboratories designed a lateral flow immunochromatographic assay using protein A-colloidal gold as a detector reagent (LFIA-PA). The objective of this work was to compare the performance of this assay using protein G-colloidal gold (LFIA-PG) with its performance using protein A-colloidal gold as the detector reagent. The assays were carried out with 20 μL of serum and 130 μL of running buffer...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Juan Pablo Damián, Laura Bengoa, Paula Pessina, Silvia Martínez, Fernando Fumagalli
The objective of this study was to evaluate different chemical stimulants with different flavours such as acids (citric and acetic), sweet (sucrose) and salty (sodium chloride) applied to cotton rolls and compare their effects on the volume, pH and protein concentrations of the saliva collected and the behaviour of dogs during sampling management. As an additional objective, serum cortisol concentrations of saliva samples obtained with or without citric acid and with or without previous pH adjustment were compared...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Hayley August Volk, Anu O'Reilly, Kate Bodley, Helen McCracken
Two cases of keratomycosis in captive red pandas ( Ailurus fulgens) were diagnosed and treated at a zoo in Melbourne, Australia across a 9-year period. Both cases presented with severe unilateral ocular pain and stromal abscessation of the cornea. A superficial keratectomy was performed in both cases and the diagnosis was confirmed with either cytology or histopathology. Following surgery, a combination of oral, topical and subconjunctival medical therapy contributed to a successful outcome.
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Diego Daniel Miceli, Patricia Noemi Vidal, María Fernanda Cabrera Batter, Omar Pignataro, Victor Alejandro Castillo
Hypercortisolism induces a state of insulin resistance that can occur concurrently with fasting hyperglycaemia, dyslipidaemia and diabetes mellitus. Metformin reduces hepatic glucose production and insulin resistance of the skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of metformin on the control of metabolic disorders of dogs with hyperadrenocorticism (HAC). Twenty-three dogs with HAC were randomly divided into two groups, consisting of a control group and a metformin group (10 mg metformin/kg/12 h)...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Aslynn M Jones, Ellison Bentley, Helena Rylander
The cavernous sinus (CS) is a paired venous sinus that runs along either side of the pituitary gland on the floor of the calvarium. Cavernous sinus syndrome (CSS) refers to deficits in more than one of the cranial nerves III, IV, V, and VI, as they are in close association in this region. The purpose of this study was to identify the presenting complaints, neurologic findings, diagnosis, and outcomes in dogs and cats with confirmed cavernous sinus syndrome (CSS). Medical records between 2002 and 2015 were reviewed...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
John Ogunsola, Richard Antia
Nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) are chromosomal segments which are selectively stained by silver methods and evaluated as agyrophilic nucleolar organizer regions (AgNORs). The evaluation of AgNORs provides an insight into the level of cellular proliferation. This technique has extensively and sparsely been used in human and veterinary histopathology respectively. However, two major drawbacks have been irreproducible results and excessive staining precipitates. This study seeks to adapt the technique to canine peripheral blood smears in order to establish a routine staining protocol...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Mary Garvey
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis is a bacterial parasite and the causative agent of paratuberculosis, a disease predominately found in cattle and sheep. Infection with this microorganism results in substantial farming economic losses and animal morbidity. The link between infection with this pathogen and human disease has been theorised for many years with Crohn's disease being one of many suspected resultant conditions. Mycobacterium avium may be spread from animal to human hosts by water and foodborne transmission routes, where the foodborne route of exposure represents a significant risk for susceptible populations, namely children and the immune-compromised...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Mahir A G Kubba, Said N Wafa, Seham A Al-Azreg
A nine years old Persian-mix female cat has been suffering from recurrent bilateral ceruminous gland adenocarcinoma for many years. Masses were first noticed and resected five years ago, but reoccurred later on two more occasions. The animal has usually experienced distressful ear canal problems in association with these masses. The tumor cellular morphology was reviewed, described and discussed. This article is the first in documenting ceruminous gland adenocarcinoma in a Persian-mix cat in Libya.
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
Mario Ricciardi, Diana Lenoci
Traumatic lesions of the patellar ligament (PL) are rare in dogs. The resulting injury can be a complete or partial laceration, depending on the quantity of torn collagen fibres. Information obtained from imaging evaluation is of great value to the clinical approach towards PL injuries, because subsequent treatment options are affected by the distinction between complete or partial tears. Imaging diagnosis of PL damage in veterinary practice commonly relies on radiographic examination through the recognition of indirect signs, such as "patella alta", bone fragments at the level of the patellar or tibial insertion, and soft tissue opacity at the cranial aspect of the joint...
2018: Open Veterinary Journal
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