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Open Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138747/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-neospora-caninum-infections-in-goats-from-two-argentinean-provinces
#1
María Laura Gos, Jorge Alberto Manazza, Ernesto J A Späth, Lais Pardini, María Andrea Fiorentino, Juan Manuel Unzaga, Gastón Moré, María Cecilia Venturini
The aim of this study was to compare the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in goats from two Argentinean provinces raised under different management conditions. A total of 2922 serum samples from adult goats of Córdoba (n=2187) and Buenos Aires provinces (n= 735), Argentina, were assayed by indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT, cut-off 1:100) for antibodies to T. gondii and N. caninum. Seroprevalence was 40.8% (CI 39.0%-42.6%) and 5.5% (CI 4.7%-6.4%) for T. gondii and N. caninum, respectively...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138746/a-novel-encephalopathy-in-a-thiamine-deficient-dog-resembling-human-wernicke-s-disease-with-atypical-mri-pattern
#2
Floriana Gernone, Mario Ricciardi
Thiamine is a water-soluble vitamin, which participates in several vital metabolic pathways involved in energy metabolism and neurotransmitter synthesis of mammals. In companion animals thiamine deficiency is classically associated with signs of diffuse encephalopathy and lesions on brainstem nuclei and mesencephalic colliculi evident on magnetic resonance imaging. This paper describes a novel clinical presentation in a thiamine-deficient dog showing multifocal, central and peripheral nervous and cardiovascular system alterations...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138745/spontaneous-nervous-system-concussion-in-dogs-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-terminology-in-veterinary-medicine
#3
Angelo Pasquale Giannuzzi, Antonio De Simone, Mario Ricciardi
In human medicine, central nervous system (CNS) concussion is defined as a transient neurological dysfunction following a traumatic event, without evidence of structural abnormalities of the affected region on advanced diagnostic imaging. Depending on the anatomical region involved, three forms of concussive syndromes are described: brain concussion, spinal concussion and cerebellar concussion. Although major textbooks of veterinary neurology admit the existence of canine brain concussion, spontaneous cases of this pathological condition have not been reported in small animals so far...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138744/multiple-myeloma-in-an-amur-tiger-panthera-tigris-altaica
#4
Alison M Lee, Naomi Guppy, John Bainbridge, Hanne Jahns
The Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is an endangered tiger subspecies. An adult zoo-bred female was found collapsed, and died despite supportive treatment. Hematology and biochemistry showed pancytopenia and hyperglobulinemia, and serum protein electrophoresis revealed a monoclonal band in the β-globulin region. Necropsy demonstrated hemoabdomen, multifocal lytic bone marrow lesions, splenomegaly, and hemorrhagic hepatic nodules, with left medial lobe rupture. There were mutifocal hemorrhages in the subcutis, lung, epicardium, and intestinal mucosa...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138743/renal-adenocarcinoma-associated-erythrocytosis-in-a-cat-clinicopathological-features-and-immunohistochemical-results
#5
Roberta Troia, Chiara Agnoli, Federico Fracassi, Giuliano Bettini, Alessandra Sfacteria, Luciano Pisoni, Francesco Dondi
This report documents a case of secondary inappropriate erythrocytosis in a cat with renal cell adenocarcinoma, its stabilization through manual erythrocytapheresis, and the EPO-immunostaining on the affected kidney. An 11-year-old cat was presented with lethargy, weight loss and polyuria/polydipsia. An abdominal mass was detected upon physical examination. Clinicopathological work-up revealed marked erythrocytosis (HCT value 64.8%), renal azotemia and decreased urine specific gravity (USG). An abdominal ultrasound was performed, localizing the mass in the right kidney...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038783/seroprevalence-of-schmallenberg-virus-and-other-simbu-group-viruses-among-the-lebanese-sheep
#6
Alain Abi-Rizk, Tony Kanaan, Jeanne El Hage
In order to evaluate for the first time, the serological prevalence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) and other Simbu group viruses in Lebanon, sheep originating from 15 Lebanese regions were sampled in September 2016. A total number of 750 serum samples from Awassi sheep were tested by ELISA for viral nucleoprotein antibodies. From the sampled animals, 122 animals were seropositive to SBV/Simbu group viruses. The seropositive sheep were mainly located in South Lebanon. At herd level, a seroprevalence of 53.33% was recorded in the Seven Lebanese governorates, whereas the animal level seroprevalence was 16...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038782/jejuno-jejunal-intussusception-in-a-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus
#7
Tara J Fetzer, Christoph Mans
An approximately four-year-old male castrated guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) was presented for painful defecation with a 24-hour history of hyporexia and intermittent episodes of rolling behavior. Upon presentation the patient was quiet, alert, and responsive, and mildly hypothermic. Abdominal palpation revealed an approximately 2-cm long oblong mass within the caudal abdomen. Abdominal radiographs revealed gastric dilation without volvulus and a peritoneal mass effect. The patient was euthanized following gastric reflux of brown malodorous fluid from his nares and oral cavity...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038781/comparison-between-fish-and-linseed-oils-administered-orally-for-the-treatment-of-experimentally-induced-keratoconjunctivitis-sicca-in-rabbits
#8
Danielle Alves Silva, Gisele Alborgetti Nai, Rogério Giuffrida, Rafael Cabral Barbero, Jacqueline Marcussi Pereira Kuhn, Andressa Caroline da Silva, Ricardo Henrique Zakir Pereira, Maria Fernanda Abbade, Luiz Felipe da Costa Zulim, Carolina Silva Guimarães Pereira, Silvia Franco Andrade
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of two sources of omega 3 and 6, fish oil (FO) and linseed oil (LO), orally administered, alone or in combination, for treating experimentally induced keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) in rabbits. Twenty-eight New Zealand rabbits were used in this study. Seven animals were allocated to the C group (negative control), and KCS was induced in 21 animals by topically applying 1% atropine sulfate drops for 7 days. Treatment with atropine was maintained throughout the study period (12 weeks)...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038780/pulmonary-ossification-and-microlithiasis-in-a-bitch-with-multicentric-mammary-tumors
#9
Mahir A G Kubba
Microliths and ossification were found in the lungs of a 12-year-old bitch suffering from compound mammary gland tumor which has disseminated in the inguinal lymph node glands and the lungs. Pulmonary ossification appeared grossly as irregular stony sharp particles which infiltrated the lung tissue and were readily recognizable from under the pleura as grayish sharp protruding particles. Microscopic examination revealed the existence of intra-alveolar single or multilobular particles of ossification which are formed of lamellated osseous substance with osteocytes in lacunae...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038779/tear-ferning-in-normal-dogs-and-dogs-with-keratoconjunctivitis-sicca
#10
David Williams, Heather Hewitt
This study evaluates tear ferning as an ancillary technique for the evaluation of the canine tear film in normal eyes and eyes affected by keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS). Thirty dogs with KCS and 50 control dogs with normal tear film were evaluated with a full ophthalmoscopic examination and a Schirmer tear test type 1 (STT) determined before tear samples were obtained from the medial canthus with a microhaematocrit capillary tube. 10ul of tear was placed on a microscope slide and the time to first formation of a fern of crystallised tear solute was determined...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038778/ophthalmological-abnormalities-in-wild-european-hedgehogs-erinaceus-europaeus-a-survey-of-300-animals
#11
David Williams, Nina Adeyeye, Erni Visser
In this study we aimed to examine wild European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in rescue centres and to determine ocular abnormalities in this animal population. Three hundred animals varying in age from 2 months to 5 years were examined, 147 being male and 153 female. All animals were evaluated with direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy and slit lamp biomicroscopy in animals where lesions were detected. Tonometry using the Tonovet rebound tonometer was undertaken in selected animals as was assessment of tear production using the Schirmer I tear test...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884078/effects-of-topical-flurbiprofen-sodium-diclofenac-sodium-ketorolac-tromethamine-and-benzalkonium-chloride-on-corneal-sensitivity-in-normal-dogs
#12
Raquel de Araújo Cantarella, Juliana Kravetz de Oliveira, Daniel M Dorbandt, Fabiano Montiani-Ferreira
To evaluate corneal sensitivity by using the Cochet-Bonnet® esthesiometer in normal canine eyes at different time points following instillation of three different topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (flurbiprofen sodium 0.03%, diclofenac sodium 0.1% and ketorolac tromethamine 0.5%) and benzalkonium chloride 0.01%. Six healthy mixed breed dogs from the same litter were used in two different stages. First, one drop of flurbiprofen sodium 0.03% and diclofenac sodium 0.1% in each eye; second, one drop of ketorolac tromethamine 0...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884077/environmentally-toxicant-exposures-induced-intragenerational-transmission-of-liver-abnormalities-in-mice
#13
Mohamed A Al-Griw, Soad A Treesh, Rabia O Alghazeer, Sassia O Regeai
Environmental toxicants such as chemicals, heavy metals, and pesticides have been shown to promote transgenerational inheritance of abnormal phenotypes and/or diseases to multiple subsequent generations following parental and/or ancestral exposures. This study was designed to examine the potential transgenerational action of the environmental toxicant trichloroethane (TCE) on transmission of liver abnormality, and to elucidate the molecular etiology of hepatocyte cell damage. A total of thirty two healthy immature female albino mice were randomly divided into three equal groups as follows: a sham group, which did not receive any treatment; a vehicle group, which received corn oil alone, and TCE treated group (3 weeks, 100 μg/kg i...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884076/effects-of-storage-temperature-on-the-quantity-and-integrity-of-genomic-dna-extracted-from-mice-tissues-a-comparison-of-recovery-methods
#14
Huda H Al-Griw, Zena A Zraba, Salsabiel K Al-Muntaser, Marwan M Draid, Aisha M Zaidi, Refaat M Tabagh, Mohamed A Al-Griw
Efficient extraction of genomic DNA (gDNA) from biological materials found in harsh environments is the first step for successful forensic DNA profiling. This study aimed to evaluate two methods for DNA recovery from animal tissues (livers, muscles), focusing on the best storage temperature for DNA yield in term of quality, quantity, and integrity for use in several downstream molecular techniques. Six male Swiss albino mice were sacrificed, liver and muscle tissues (n=32) were then harvested and stored for one week in different temperatures, -20°C, 4°C, 25°C and 40°C...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884075/laryngeal-paralysis-associated-with-a-muscle-pseudotumour-in-a-young-dog
#15
Francesca Rizzo, Cecilia Benetti, Consuelo Ballatori, Diana Binanti
An 18-month-old male entire Bloodhound dog was presented with a six-week history of progressive inspiratory dyspnoea, stridor, dysphonia and exercise intolerance. CT scan performed elsewhere had revealed the presence of an unencapsulated nodular mass (3x1x5 cm) dorsal to the larynx and first tracheal rings. Laryngoscopy demonstrated the presence of bilateral laryngeal paralysis and distorted laryngeal architecture suggestive of extraluminal compression. Histopathology results of incisional biopsies from the mass were suggestive of a benign non-neoplastic muscular lesion...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884074/exophthalmos-associated-to-orbital-zygomatic-mucocele-and-complex-maxillary-malformation-in-a-puppy
#16
Alessandro Cirla, Marco Rondena, Giovanna Bertolini, Giovanni Barsotti
A case of exophthalmos due to zygomatic mucocele in a puppy with ipsilateral segmental maxillary atrophy is reported. A 7-month-old, mixed breed, male dog suffered the sudden-onset of unilateral painful exophthalmos and a gradual swelling of the right temporal region. A compressing, right retrobulbar mass was observed by ultrasound. Computed tomography revealed a large multiloculated cyst-like lesion of the right zygomatic gland projecting into the orbital space, thus displacing the eyeball. The ipsilateral molar part of the maxillary bone was underdeveloped, besides showing crowded, abnormal, multiple, unerupted maxillary molar teeth in the caudal maxillary region...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795018/in-vivo-fluoroscopic-kinematography-of-dynamic-radio-ulnar-incongruence-in-dogs
#17
Thomas Rohwedder, Martin Fischer, Peter Böttcher
Aim of the study was to investigate dynamic radio-ulnar incongruence (dRUI) in the canine elbow joint comparing orthopedic healthy and dysplastic dogs in a prospective in vivo study design. In 6 orthopedic sound elbow joints (5 dogs, median age 17 months & mean body weight 27.9 kg) and 7 elbow joints with medial coronoid disease (6 dogs, median age 17.5 months & mean body weight 27.6 kg) 0.8 mm Ø tantalum beads were surgically implanted into radius, ulna and humerus for dynamic radiosteriometric analysis (RSA) using high-speed biplanar fluoroscopy with the dogs walking on a treadmill...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795017/malignant-renal-schwannoma-in-a-cat
#18
Monier Sharif, Adel Mohamed, Manfred Reinacher
A nine-year-old male European shorthair cat with rapidly enlarging mass at the left kidney doubted to be malignant was presented. The purpose of this study is to present the clinical, radiological and pathological findings of a primary renal tumor in the cat. Grossly, the mass mostly encapsulated the kidney. Histologically, excisional biopsy showed worrying histological features. A sarcoma-like tumor composed mainly of neoplastic spindle-shaped cells. Neoplastic nodules of aggregations of fusiform cells arranged in multidirectional bundles...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795016/malignant-pilomatricoma-in-a-dog-with-local-and-distant-metastases-treated-with-chemotherapy-and-bisphosphonates
#19
Elisabetta Treggiari, James W Elliott
A ten-year-old male neutered cross breed dog presented for evaluation of a mass associated with the left scapular bone, identified as a carcinoma. The dog had a malignant pilomatricoma removed from the left lateral thigh 6 months earlier. Histopathology review of the cutaneous and scapular mass identified the same tumour type, confirming metastatic disease; additional metastases to the inguinal lymph node, liver and lungs were identified. Chemotherapy resulted in partial responses/stable disease of very short duration...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795015/laboratory-reference-intervals-for-systolic-blood-pressure-rectal-temperature-haematology-biochemistry-and-venous-blood-gas-and-electrolytes-in-healthy-pet-rabbits
#20
Miguel Gallego
Prospective data from 86 healthy pet rabbits were evaluated to establish reference intervals for hematology, biochemistry, urinalysis, venous blood gas and electrolytes, rectal temperature and systolic blood pressure. Reference intervals for rectal temperature (37.4-39.6 ºC) and systolic blood pressure (75-134 mm/Hg) were previously unreported in pet rabbits. Differences by more than 30% with reference intervals present in the bibliography were observed in the blood biochemistry and urinalysis, being attributed to the variability in methodological factors with the present study...
2017: Open veterinary journal
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