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Health Psychology Open

Grenville Rose, Courtney von Hippel, Loren Brener, Bill von Hippel
Research suggests that stigma impacts help-seeking behaviour and health outcomes for people affected by mental illness. This study compared the attitudes of Australian non-governmental organisation support workers towards people with mental illness with those of other health professionals. Three hundred and seventy four support workers were randomly allocated to answer questions about one of the six vignettes. Results indicated that non-governmental organisation support workers held more positive attitudes towards people with mental illness than those of general practitioners, psychiatrists and psychologists measured in prior research...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Elizabeth K Seng, Amy S Grinberg, Liana Fraenkel
This study aimed to evaluate treatment necessity, treatment concern, and willingness to engage in decisional trade-offs in the context of treatment escalation decision-making. Participants ( n  = 147) recruited online were randomized to read a vignette about escalating care in psoriasis in a 2 (high treatment concern vs moderate treatment concern) × 2 (high perceived treatment necessity vs moderate perceived treatment necessity) design. High treatment concern was associated with choosing to defer treatment escalation and being unwilling to engage in decisional trade-offs if disease risk changed...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2055102917718376.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2055102917709375.][This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2055102917716205.].
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Michail Mantzios, Helen Egan, Henna Bahia, Misba Hussain, Rebecca Keyte
Contemporary research investigating obesity has focused on grazing (i.e. an uncontrolled and repetitive consumption of small amounts of food). Meanwhile, constructs such as mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion have received much attention in assisting individuals with eating behaviours and weight regulation. The association between those constructs and grazing, however, has not been explored. In a cross-sectional study, university students ( n  = 261) were recruited to explore the relationship of mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion with current weight and grazing...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Ad A Kaptein, Brian M Hughes, Michael Murray, Joshua M Smyth
Growing evidence suggests that the arts may be useful in health care and in the training of health care professionals. Four art genres - novels, films, paintings and music - are examined for their potential contribution to enhancing patient health and/or making better health care providers. Based on a narrative literature review, we examine the effects of passive (e.g. reading, watching, viewing and listening) and active (e.g. writing, producing, painting and performing) exposure to the four art genres, by both patients and health care providers...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Krystal M Sattler, Frank P Deane, Linda Tapsell, Peter J Kelly
Weight stigma is related to lower levels of motivation to exercise in overweight and obesity. This study explored the nature of the relationship between stigma, motivation to exercise and physical activity while accounting for gender differences. Participants were 439 adults with overweight and obesity (mean body mass index = 32.18 kg/m2 , standard deviation = 4.09 kg/m2 ). Females reported significantly more frequent stigma experiences than males. Mediation models found a conditional direct effect of weight stigma for males, with higher frequency of stigma experiences related to higher levels of walking and vigorous physical activity...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Oskar Lundgren, Peter Garvin, Gerhard Andersson, Lena Jonasson, Margareta Kristenson
Psychological resources and risk factors influence risk of coronary heart disease. We evaluated whether inverted items in the Self-esteem, Mastery, and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scales compromise validity in the context of coronary heart disease. In a population-based sample, validity was investigated by calculating correlations with other scales ( n  = 1004) and interleukin-6 ( n  = 374), and by analyzing the relationship with 8-year coronary heart disease risk ( n  = 1000)...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Seong-Soo Cha, Bo-Kyung Seo
This study aimed to examine smartphone use patterns, smartphone addiction characteristics, and the predictive factors of the smartphone addiction in middle school students in South Korea. According to the Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale scores, 563 (30.9%) were classified as a risk group for smartphone addiction and 1261 (69.1%) were identified as a normal user group. The adolescents used mobile messengers for the longest, followed by Internet surfing, gaming, and social networking service use. The two groups showed significant differences in smartphone use duration, awareness of game overuse, and purposes of playing games...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Sean G Dicks, Kristen Ranse, Holly Northam, Frank Mp van Haren, Douglas P Boer
A novel approach to data extraction and synthesis was used to explore the connections between research priorities, understanding and practice improvement associated with family bereavement in the context of the potential for organ donation. Conducting the review as a qualitative longitudinal study highlighted changes over time, and extraction of citation-related data facilitated an analysis of the interaction in this field. It was found that lack of 'communication' between researchers contributes to information being 'lost' and then later 'rediscovered'...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
F Michler Bishop
Millions of people change risky, health-related behaviors and maintain those changes. However, they often take years to change, and their unhealthy behaviors may harm themselves and others and constitute a significant cost to society. A review-similar in nature to a scoping review-was done of the literature related to long-term health behavior change in six areas: alcohol, cocaine and heroin misuse, gambling, smoking, and overeating. Based on the limited research available, reasons for change and strategies for changing and for maintaining change were also reviewed...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Marc Ashley Harris
Mental ill health accounts for 13 per cent of total global disease burden with predictions that depression alone will be the leading cause of disease burden globally by 2030. Poor mental health is consistently associated with deprivation, low income, unemployment, poor education, poorer physical health and increased health-risk behaviour. A plethora of research has examined the relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing; however, the influence of community-wide gamification-based physical activity interventions on mental wellbeing, to the authors' knowledge, is yet to be explored...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Alexandre Castonguay, Paule Miquelon, François Boudreau
Physical activity plays a crucial role in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, it is important to understand why so few adults with type 2 diabetes regularly engage in physical activity. The role of self-regulation in the context of health-related behavior adherence, especially in terms of physical activity engagement and adherence, has largely been reviewed based on the strength energy model. Building on this line of research, the aim of this theoretical work was to highlight how self-regulation and ego depletion can influence the lower rate of physical activity participation among adults with type 2 diabetes, compared to adults from the general population...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Masoumeh Alavi, Seyed Abolghasem Mehrinezhad, Mansour Amini, Minder Kaur A/P Parthaman Singh
This study explored the relationship between family functioning and trait emotional intelligence among 547 respondents, between the age of 16 and 24 years from Malaysia, Iran, China, Sudan, Somalia, Morocco, the United Kingdom, Germany and the Netherlands. The questionnaires were Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale III and Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form. Pearson correlation analysis revealed a significant relationship between family functioning and trait emotional intelligence...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
Anna Rosa Donizzetti, Giovanna Petrillo
We present the validation study of the Paranormal Health Beliefs Scale adult version, aimed to measure illusory beliefs about health. The scale was administered to 643 participants (54.3% females), having an average age of 29.7 years (standard deviation = 18.31). The results of the analyses confirmed the dimensions of the Paranormal Health Beliefs Scale as developed in the previous adolescent study (Beliefs: Religious, Superstitious, in Extraordinary Events, Parapsychological, and Pseudo-scientific of a biomedical nature), as well as the convergent and discriminant validity through the correlation with other constructs (locus of control and self-efficacy)...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
Lynnette A Averill, Christopher L Averill, Lyndsay A Staley, J L Ozawa-Kirk, John Sk Kauwe, Patricia Henrie-Barrus
The Opioid Abuse Risk Screener was developed to support well-informed decision-making in opioid analgesic prescribing by extending the breadth of psychiatric risk factors evaluated relative to other non-clinician-administered measures. We examined the preliminary predictive validity of the Opioid Abuse Risk Screener relative to the widely used Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain-Revised in predicting aberrant urine drug tests and controlled substance database checks. The Opioid Abuse Risk Screener is significantly different from the Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain-Revised in predicting aberrant same-day urine drug tests ( Z  = 2...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
Sean Glenton Dicks, Kristen Ranse, Holly Northam, Douglas P Boer, Frank Mp van Haren
Families of potential post-mortem organ donors face various challenges in the unfamiliar hospital context and after returning home. This review of sources published between 1968 and 2017 seeks to understand their journey as a bereavement experience with a number of unique features. Grief theory was used to identify ways that staff can assist family members to tolerate ambiguities and vulnerabilities while contributing to an environment characterised by compassion and social inclusion. Staff can guide families and create opportunities for meaningful participation, building resilience and developing bereavement-related skills that could assist them in the months that follow...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
Silvia Platania, Stefania Gruttadauria, Giulia Citelli, Loris Giambrone, Santo Di Nuovo
The present research analyzed the elements of thalassemia which affect the patient's perceived quality of life. Three hundred patients with Thalassemia Major (males = 165, 55%; females = 135, 45%; Mage = 36.13, standard deviation = 8.54) were the sample. Analysis of multiple mediations revealed a direct effect of self-efficacy on the Satisfaction with Life Scale that is mediated only by social support.The findings suggest a need to accentuate help and support to patients with Thalassemia Major.
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
Jo Brett, Nick J Hulbert-Williams, Deborah Fenlon, Mary Boulton, Fiona M Walter, Peter Donnelly, Bernadette Lavery, Adrienne Morgan, Carolyn Morris, Rob Horne, Eila Watson
This study evaluated the Beliefs about Medicine Questionnaire to explore adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy after treatment for breast cancer (BMQ-AET). Factor structure of the BMQ-AET was explored alongside internal consistency, convergent validity and acceptability. The BMQ-AET Specific Scale fitted the original 10 item model. Internal consistency of the BMQ-AET was much improved compared to the original BMQ and convergent validity showed predicted direction of correlation, although correlation with BMQ-AET concerns scale was low...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
Kristin J August, Alexandra Dowell, Dara H Sorkin
This study examined whether disease-specific factors were important for how and how often White versus Vietnamese American spouses influenced their partners' diabetic diet. Results from a cross-sectional survey of 145 older adult spouses whose partners had type 2 diabetes revealed that Vietnamese American spouses used more frequent spousal influence (positive and negative) than White spouses. In addition, most of the factors associated with spousal influence differed for Vietnamese American and White spouses...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
Maria Clelia Zurlo, Maria Franscesca Cattaneo Della Volta, Federica Vallone
The study analyses factor structure and psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Fertility Problem Inventory-Short Form. A sample of 206 infertile couples completed the Italian version of Fertility Problem Inventory (46 items) with demographics, State Anxiety Scale of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Form Y), Edinburgh Depression Scale and Dyadic Adjustment Scale, used to assess convergent and discriminant validity. Confirmatory factor analysis was unsatisfactory (comparative fit index = 0.87; Tucker-Lewis Index = 0...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
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