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Eye and Vision (London, England)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413804/corneal-compensation-of-presbyopia-presbylasik-an-updated-review
#1
REVIEW
Veronica Vargas-Fragoso, Jorge L Alió
ABSTRACT: The main purpose of this review is to compare and analyze the results of the main PresbyLASIK approaches; central and peripheral. SUMMARY: A comprehensive research was conducted in PUBMED using keywords like "presbyopia correction", "PresbyLASIK", "Corneal multifocality", "Laser blended vision". We reviewed the PresbyLASIK technique, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA), and corrected near visual acuity (CNVA), and compared the differences between the techniques...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396877/visual-and-refractive-outcomes-following-implantation-of-a-new-trifocal-intraocular-lens
#2
Michael Lawless, Chris Hodge, Joe Reich, Lewis Levitz, Uday K Bhatt, Colm McAlinden, Kate Roberts, Timothy V Roberts
BACKGROUND: Independence from all optical aids, and freedom from unwanted symptoms, following cataract and lens surgery remains the ultimate goal of both patient and surgeon. The development of trifocal IOL technology provides an ever-increasing range of options. The purpose of our study is to understand the predictability, safety and efficacy of a new trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) following cataract or refractive lens exchange (RLE) surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective consecutive case series of patients undergoing cataract extraction or RLE followed by implantation of the Alcon IQ Panoptix IOL...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344986/erratum-to-pharmacological-treatments-of-presbyopia-a-review-of-modern-perspectives
#3
Antonio Renna, Jorge L Alió, Luis Felipe Vejarano
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40662-017-0068-8.].
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331873/rapid-corneal-thinning-and-perforated-ulcerative-keratitis-in-a-patient-with-relapsing-polychondritis
#4
Tracy Hiu Ting Lai, Nikki Far, Alvin Lerrmann Young, Vishal Jhanji
BACKGROUND: To report rapid corneal thinning and perforation in a case with relapsing polychondritis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43 year-old male diagnosed with relapsing polychondritis suffered from bilateral scleritis, bilateral swelling of pinna, saddle nose and tracheal stenosis. The patient presented with right eye pain and redness for one month. Slit lamp examination of the right eye showed 80% peripheral corneal thinning between 3 and 7 o'clock. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 1...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286787/topical-tacrolimus-in-anterior-segment-inflammatory-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Samir S Shoughy
Immune mediated inflammatory anterior segment diseases are variable and their management requires intense immunosuppression. Treatment with topical steroids is associated with serious ocular side effects. In order to overcome the potentially blinding complications of topical steroids, immunomodulatory drugs are being used more frequently. Tacrolimus is a calcineurin inhibitor that induces suppression of T lymphocytes activity and reduction of ocular inflammation. Tacrolimus was recently investigated for application in various anterior segment inflammatory disorders...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286786/proposing-new-indicators-for-glaucoma-healthcare-service
#6
Yuan Bo Liang, Ye Zhang, David C Musch, Nathan Congdon
Glaucoma is the first leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide with increasing importance in public health. Indicators of glaucoma care quality as well as efficiency would benefit public health assessments, but are lacking. We propose three such indicators. First, the glaucoma coverage rate (GCR), which is the number of people known to have glaucoma divided by the total number of people with glaucoma as estimated from population-based studies multiplied by 100%. Second, the glaucoma detection rate (GDR), which is number of newly diagnosed glaucoma patients in one year divided by the population in a defined area in millions...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251170/presentation-of-massive-orbital-hidrocystoma-at-birth-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Bahram Eshraghi, Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Seyed Ali Sonbolastan, Zahra Kasaie, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi
BACKGROUND: Hidrocystoma, or sudoriferous cyst, is an eyelid tumor originating from apocrine or eccrine sweat glands. Its presence in the orbit is relatively rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A full-term female child with severe right eye extrusion was referred to our department two hours after birth. We performed cyst aspiration under ultrasonic guidance; 15 cc straw-colored fluid was obtained and proptosis resolved significantly. Orbital magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large unilocular retrobulbar mass with hypo-intensity in T1 and hyper-intensity in T2...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251169/the-impact-of-dysfunctional-tear-films-and-optical-aberrations-on-chronic-migraine
#8
Rohit Shetty, Kalyani Deshpande, Chaitra Jayadev, Kareeshma Wadia, Pooja Mehta, Rushad Shroff, Harsha L Rao
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a multifactorial disorder with complex neuronal and vascular mechanisms that encompasses a wide clinical spectrum of symptoms, including ocular manifestations. Dry eye disease and dysfunction of ocular somatosensory pathways have been implicated in the pathogenesis. The current study investigates the association between a dysfunctional tear film and ocular aberrations with migraine. METHODS: Sixty eyes of 30 patients with migraine and 60 eyes of 30 controls were studied...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191476/pharmacological-treatments-of-presbyopia-a-review-of-modern-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Antonio Renna, Jorge Luciano Alió, Luis Felipe Vejarano
INTRODUCTION: Presbyopia affects people from the 4(th) decade of life and is characterized by accommodative loss that leads to negative effects on vision-targeted health-related quality of life. A non-invasive pharmacological treatment providing near-lenses independence would be a truly groundbreaking approach in the treatment of presbyopia. The purpose of this review is to analyze the emerging pharmacological solutions proposed to address presbyopia. RESULTS: Several ophthalmic eye drops compounds solutions have been described in peer-reviewed papers or presented in ophthalmological tabloids and congresses...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116335/evaluation-of-activities-of-daily-living-following-pseudophakic-presbyopic-correction
#10
Georgios Labiris, Panagiota Ntonti, Maria Patsiamanidi, Haris Sideroudi, Kimon Georgantzoglou, Vassilios P Kozobolis
BACKGROUND: Pseudophakic presbyopic correction is among the prevalent methods for regaining near vision capacity. The purpose of this study is to compare the impact of pseudophakic monovision correction and multifocal lens implantation on the performance in a series of activities of daily living (ADL) of presbyopic patients. METHODS: An ADL research framework (10 ADLs) was constructed and validated in a sample of patients divided into three validation groups according to their near visual acuity...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116334/ophthalmic-examination-as-a-means-to-diagnose-subacute-sclerosing-panencephalitis-an-optical-coherence-tomography-and-ultrawide-field-imaging-evaluation
#11
Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Kanhaiya Mittal, Rajni Farmania, Pradeep Venkatesh, Sheffali Gulati
BACKGROUND: Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a potentially fatal complication of measles. The authors report a case of recurrent myoclonic jerks under investigation, whose ophthalmic examination pointed to the diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old boy with recurrent episodes of myoclonic jerks was found to have optic disc pallor and an irregular macular scar with pigmentation in the left eye. The retinal finding proved to be a strong diagnostic clue for SSPE...
2017: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032115/epidemiology-of-age-related-macular-degeneration-amd-associations-with-cardiovascular-disease-phenotypes-and-lipid-factors
#12
REVIEW
Katie L Pennington, Margaret M DeAngelis
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in adults over 50 years old. Genetic, epidemiological, and molecular studies are beginning to unravel the intricate mechanisms underlying this complex disease, which implicate the lipid-cholesterol pathway in the pathophysiology of disease development and progression. Many of the genetic and environmental risk factors associated with AMD are also associated with other complex degenerative diseases of advanced age, including cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981059/safety-and-effectiveness-of-the-supracor-presbyopic-lasik-algorithm-on-hyperopic-patients
#13
Robert Edward T Ang, Emerson M Cruz, Alex U Pisig, Maria Luisa Patricia C Solis, Rosalie Mae M Reyes, Gerhard Youssefi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Supracor excimer laser algorithm to treat hyperopic presbyopic patients using laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS: This is a retrospective case review of patients diagnosed with hyperopia (Sphere ≥ +0.0 D and presbyopia reading add ≥ 1.0 D) who underwent Supracor excimer laser treatment on at least one eye for presbyopia correction from year May 2011 to May 2013. Binocular vision was further analyzed after patients were subdivided into three groups: Group A (n = 22 eyes, 11 patients) had Supracor on both eyes; Group B (n = 18 eyes, 18 patients) had Supracor in one eye and hyperopic LASIK on fellow eye; and Group C (n = 29 eyes, 29 patients) had Supracor in one eye and no treatment on the fellow eye...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981058/effects-of-dopamine-d1-receptor-blockade-on-the-erg-b-and-d-waves-during-blockade-of-ionotropic-gaba-receptors
#14
Elka Popova, Momchil Kostov, Petia Kupenova
BACKGROUND: Some data indicate that the dopaminergic and GABAergic systems interact in the vertebrate retina, but the type of interactions is not well understood. METHODS: In this study we investigated the effect of dopamine D1 receptor blockade by 75 μM SCH 23390 on the electroretinographic ON (b-wave) and OFF (d-wave) responses in intact frog eyecup preparations and in eyecups where the ionotropic GABA receptors were blocked by 50 μM picrotoxin. Student's t-test, One-way repeated measures ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc test and Two-way ANOVA were used for statistical evaluation of the data...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981057/clinical-outcomes-of-combined-versus-separate-carbachol-and-brimonidine-drops-in-correcting-presbyopia
#15
Almamoun Abdelkader, Herbert E Kaufman
BACKGROUND: To test and compare in a masked fashion the efficacy of using a parasympathomimetic drug (3% carbachol) and an alpha-2 agonist (0.2% brimonidine) in both combined and separate forms to create optically beneficial miosis to pharmacologically improve vision in presbyopia. METHODS: A prospective, double-masked, randomized, controlled clinical trial was conducted. Ten naturally emmetropic and presbyopic subjects between 42 and 58 years old with uncorrected distance visual acuity of at least 20/20 in both eyes without additional ocular pathology were eligible for inclusion...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857944/macular-carotenoid-supplementation-improves-disability-glare-performance-and-dynamics-of-photostress-recovery
#16
James M Stringham, Kevin J O'Brien, Nicole T Stringham
BACKGROUND: The so-called macular carotenoids (MC) lutein (L), zeaxanthin (Z), and meso-zeaxanthin (MZ) comprise the diet-derived macular pigment (MP). The purpose of this study was to determine effects of MC supplementation on the optical density of MP (MPOD), repeated-exposure photostress recovery (PSR), and disability glare (DG) thresholds. METHODS: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty-nine young (mean age = 21.7), healthy volunteers participated in this study...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844022/near-vision-examination-in-presbyopia-patients-do-we-need-good-homologated-near-vision-charts
#17
REVIEW
Wolfgang Radner
Presbyopia correction is mainly concerned with the goal of regaining an uncorrected reading performance. Since historic reading charts do not provide a unique standard that is applicable for the analysis of clinical and scientific reading performance, new standardized reading charts have been developed, in order to provide reading performance analyses analogous to modern single-optotype distance acuity measurements: the Bailey-Lovie Word Reading Chart, the Colenbrander English Continuous Text Near Vision Cards, the MNREAD Charts, and the RADNER Reading Charts...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833928/comparison-of-a-new-optical-biometer-and-a-standard-biometer-in-cataract-patients
#18
Pipat Kongsap
BACKGROUND: Cataract surgery is the most common surgical procedure in ophthalmology. Biometry data and accurate intraocular lens (IOL) calculations are very important in achieving the desired refractive outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare measurements using a new optical low coherence reflectometry (OLCR) biometer (OA-2000) and the gold standard partial coherence interferometry (PCI) optical biometer (IOLMaster 500). METHODS: Ocular biometry of cataract patients were measured by the OA-2000 and IOLMaster 500 to compare keratometry (K), axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), white-to-white (WTW) diameter, and IOL power using the SRK/T formula...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833927/selective-and-complementary-use-of-optical-coherence-tomography-and-fluorescein-angiography-in-retinal-practice
#19
REVIEW
Samir S Shoughy, Igor Kozak
The current field of posterior pole and retinal imaging of the human eye has expanded into detailed analyses of the macula, retinal periphery, individual retinal layers, vitreoretinal interface, imaging of the choroid and the optic nerve head. The challenge in retinal imaging is the enduring pursuit of deeper penetration into tissues, increased resolution to the cellular level, and interpretation of observations. How much deeper can we go and with what resolution and reproducibility? These are fundamental questions for experts in search of novel imaging modalities...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833926/bilateral-papilledema-in-a-child-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#20
Selam Yekta Sendul, Cemile Ucgul Atilgan, Semra Tiryaki, Dilek Guven
BACKGROUND: To present a female child patient with osteogenesis imperfecta who had bilateral papilledema. CASE PRESENTATION: A twelve-year-old girl with osteogenesis imperfecta was referred to our clinic. Bilateral best corrected visual acuity of the patient was 5/10 (corrected with +3.50 for right eye, +5.00 for left eye) with a standard Snellen scale at a distance of a 6 m. Anterior chamber, iris and lens examination of both of her eyes were unremarkable. In her fundus examination, bilateral stage 2 papilledema and the wrinkles in papillomacular area were noticed...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
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