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Progress in Biomaterials

Cássio M Resmim, Mariane Dalpasquale, Nilce I C Vielmo, Filipe Q Mariani, Juan C Villalba, Fauze J Anaissi, Mirian M Caetano, Marcelo M Tusi
Hydroxyapatite was obtained by bone calcinations. To study the calcination process, bovine and porcine bones were first autoclaved to remove fat and other non-bone tissues. They were then heated in an alumina pan in an oxidizing atmosphere of air, where simultaneous thermal analysis curves were recorded. To prepare the hydroxyapatites, bone samples were calcined at 850 °C and 1000 °C using a muffle furnace for 1 h. The obtained materials were powdered using mortar and pestle, and sifted in a sieve (60 mesh) without any additional purification or chemical treatment...
December 31, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Chinmay G Hiremath, Mahadevappa Y Kariduraganavar, Murigendra B Hiremath
Human serum albumin is the most abundant protein in plasma with the ability to bind to a variety of drug molecules. Magnetic nanoparticles are being extensively used in drug delivery due to its intrinsic magnetic properties. In this work, we have synthesized human serum albumin-coated citrate-functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles by CDI coupling. Furthermore, folic acid was decorated on human serum albumin by EDC and NHS coupling to confer targetability. Two cytotoxic drugs 5-fluorouracil (5FU) and curcumin were co-delivered...
December 18, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
A P S Prasanna, G Devanand Venkatasubbu
Hydroxyapatite (HAP) is the main constituent of human bone and teeth. Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles are used for the treatment of various bone infections. Nanohydroxyapatite is a biocompatible material. It is used as a drug carrier for drugs and biomolecules for various diseases. Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles are made into nanocomposite with sodium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol. This nanocomposite is used for the sustained release of drugs. It is characterized by various characterization techniques like XRD, FTIR, TEM, and Raman...
November 27, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Nasim Rezaee, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Nooshin Haghighipour
Differentiation of stem cells and functionality of target cells are regulated by microenvironmental stimuli to which the cells are exposed. Chemical agents such as growth factors and physical parameters including mechanical loadings are among major stimuli. In this study, equiaxial cyclic strain with two amplitudes was applied on rat adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (rAMSCs) with or without 5-azacytidine. The mRNA expression of cardiac-related genes was investigated through RT-PCR (polymerase chain reaction) method...
October 26, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Zahra Zaredar, Fahimeh Askari, Parvin Shokrolahi
Three polyurethane formulations were prepared on the basis of siloxane; two formulations contained 1% and 3% of a hydroxyl functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane [POSS (ROH)2 ] nano-particles (as a co-chain extender) and one was without nano-particle. Structures of the polyurethanes were characterized by FTIR and SEM. The effect of POSS nano-particles on properties of the synthesized PUs was examined for vascular applications by tensile test, contact angle, SEM, AFM and endothelial cells viability evaluation...
October 22, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Hengameh Bakhtiar, Amir Mazidi S, Saeed Mohammadi Asl, M R Ellini, A Moshiri, M H Nekoofar, P M H Dummer
Infection of the dental pulp will result in inflammation and eventually tissue necrosis which is treated conventionally by pulpectomy and root canal treatment. Advances in regenerative medicine and tissue engineering along with the introduction of new sources of stem cells have led to the possibility of pulp tissue regeneration. This systematic review analyzes animal studies published since 2010 to determine the ability of stem cell therapy to regenerate the dentine-pulp complex (DPC) and the success of clinical protocols...
September 28, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Masoumeh Ezati, Hamide Safavipour, Behzad Houshmand, Shahab Faghihi
Many approaches have been developed to regenerate biological substitutes for repairing damaged tissues. Guided bone/tissue regeneration (GBR/GTR) that employs a barrier membrane has received much attention in recent years. Regardless of substantial efforts for treatment of damaged tissue in recent years, an effective therapeutic strategy is still a challenge for tissue engineering researchers. The aim of the current study is to fabricate a GBR membrane consisting of polycaprolactone (PCL)/gelatin/chitosan which is modified with different percentages of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) for improved biocompatibility, mechanical properties, and antibacterial activity...
September 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Meenakshi Bhatia, Megha Saini
The aim of the present study was to improve the release rate of curcumin by microsponges prepared through quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion technique using ethylcellulose and PVA as carriers. The microsponges were characterized by FTIR, DSC, XRD and SEM studies followed by determination of total drug content and entrapment efficiency. The prepared microsponges were further filled in hard gelatin capsule shell and then loaded in carbopol gel to evaluate its potential in oral and topical drug delivery. Further, it was observed from the studies on release rate that microsponges filled in hard gelatin capsule shells (batch MS4) showed 93...
September 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Setareh Borhani, Shadi Hassanajili, Seyed Hossein Ahmadi Tafti, Shahram Rabbani
Compared to bare-metal stents (BMSs), drug-eluting stents (DESs) have been regarded as a revolutionary change in coronary artery diseases (CADs). Releasing pharmaceutical agents from the stent surface was a promising progress in the realm of cardiovascular stents. Despite supreme advantages over BMSs, in-stent restenosis (ISR) and long-term safety of DESs are still deemed ongoing concerns over clinically application of DESs. The failure of DESs for long-term clinical use is associated with following factors including permanent polymeric coating materials, metallic stent platforms, non-optimal drug releasing condition, and factors that have recently been supposed as contributory factors such as degradation products of polymers, metal ions due to erosion and degradation of metals and their alloys utilizing in some stents as metal frameworks...
September 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
S M Fijul Kabir, Partha P Sikdar, B Haque, M A Rahman Bhuiyan, A Ali, M N Islam
Hydrogels based on cellulose comprising many organic biopolymers including cellulose, chitin, and chitosan are the hydrophilic material, which can absorb and retain a huge proportion of water in the interstitial sites of their structures. These polymers feature many amazing properties such as responsiveness to pH, time, temperature, chemical species and biological conditions besides a very high-water absorption capacity. Biopolymer hydrogels can be manipulated and crafted for numerous applications leading to a tremendous boom in research during recent times in scientific communities...
September 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
N Parvanehpour, Shahrokh Shojaei, S Khorramymehr, V Goodarzi, F Hejazi, V Faghihi Rezaei
Mechanical properties of the cells are among the most highlighted area of interests among researchers for decades. Not only many of the cells' crucial functional characteristics such as adherence to the cellular substrate, migration abilities and morphological factors are directly influenced by their mechanical properties but also changes in these traits could have importance in diagnosis and even treatments of some serious diseases. The general mechanical properties of the cells are associated with some intercellular characteristics such as arrangement and organization of the actin fibers and cytoskeleton architecture...
September 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Mohamad Pezeshki-Modaress, Mojgan Zandi, Sarah Rajabi
The nanofibrous structure containing protein and polysaccharide has good potential in tissue engineering. The present work aims to study the role of chitosan in gelatin/chitosan nanofibrous scaffolds fabricated through electrospinning process under optimized condition. The performance of chitosan in gelatin/chitosan nanofibrous scaffolds was evaluated by mechanical tests, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and in vitro cell culture on scaffolds with different gelatin/chitosan blend ratios...
September 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Azadehsadat Hashemi Doulabi, Hamid Mirzadeh, Mohammad Imani, Shadab Bagheri-Khoulenjani
Blending is one of the effective approaches in preparing tailored materials with a wide range of properties. Thus, chitosan-based polymers have been fabricated and used as wound dressings since they possess better properties than those of the constituent materials. The objective of this work was to evaluate the biocompatibility and biodegradability of biodegradable blend films based on polyethylene glycol-co-fumarate (PEGF) and chitosan (Ch). The blend films of Ch/PEGF were prepared by solution casting/solvent evaporation method...
June 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Farnaz Kouhestani, Farnaz Dehabadi, Mehrnoosh Hasan Shahriari, Saeed Reza Motamedian
The aim of this study was to compare human dental pulp stem cells' (DPSCs) attachment, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation on allogenic and synthetic biphasic bone granules. In this in vitro study, two types of bone granules were used: allograft [freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA)] and biphasic granules [hydroxyapatite/beta-tricalcium phosphate (HA/β-TCP)]. By isolation of DPSCs, their attachment to bone granules was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) at day 1 and 7 of cultivation. Vital cells were measured by MTT assay at 1, 3, and 7 days of cell culture...
June 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Hendra Hermawan
Absorbable metals, metals that corrode in physiological environment, constitute a new class of biomaterials intended for temporary medical implant applications. The introduction of these metals has shifted the established paradigm of metal implants from preventing corrosion to its direct application. Interest toward absorbable metals has been growing in the past decade. This is proved by the rapid increase in scientific publication, progressive development of standards, and launching the first commercial products...
June 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Shahrokh Shojaei, Mohammad Tafazzoli-Shadpour, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Nooshin Haghighipour, Fatemeh Hejazi Jahromi
Endothelial cells are subjected to cyclic shear by pulsatile blood flow and pressures due to circumferential stresses. Although most of the researches on this topic have considered the effects of these two biomechanical forces separately or concurrently, few studies have noticed the interaction of these cyclic loadings on endothelial behavior. Negative temporal stress phase angle, defined by the phase lag between cyclic shear and tensile stresses, is an established parameter which is known to have substantial effects on blood vessel remodeling and progression of some serious cardiovascular diseases...
June 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Samira Nokhasteh, Alireza Sadeghi-Avalshahr, Amir Mahdi Molavi, Mohammad Khorsand-Ghayeni, Hojjat Naderi-Meshkin
Bioactive glasses have shown some interesting biological properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradation, and angiogenesis in skin tissue engineering. In the current research, the effects of MgO- or CoO-doped 64S bioactive glass with a composition of 64 SiO2 -26 CaO-5 P2 O5 -5 MgO or CoO (mol%) were studied in relation with biological properties of electrospun [poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/collagen]. PLGA/collagen samples were rinsed in suspension of bioactive glass nanoparticles in distilled water with a concentration of 0...
June 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Mostafa D A Azadi, Shadi Hassanajili, Khalil Zarrabi, Bahador Sarkari
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake: the spelling of the Shadi Hassanajili's name was incorrect. The corrected name is given above.
June 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Robin Augustine
Significant progress has been made over the past few decades in the development of in vitro-engineered substitutes that mimic human skin, either as grafts for the replacement of lost skin, or for the establishment of in vitro human skin models. Tissue engineering has been developing as a novel strategy by employing the recent advances in various fields such as polymer engineering, bioengineering, stem cell research and nanomedicine. Recently, an advancement of 3D printing technology referred as bioprinting was exploited to make cell loaded scaffolds to produce constructs which are more matching with the native tissue...
May 12, 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
Roya Ramezanzadeh Andevari, Sameereh Hashemi-Najafabadi, Fatemeh Bagheri
Today, cell therapy is known as an important tool in the treatment of chronic diseases where cells lose their normal function. Immunoisolation systems using microencapsulation or PEGylation have been developed to evade the problem of rejection by the immune system. The aim of the present study was to investigate a combination of microencapsulation and PEGylation methods in coating mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) to determine its effect in reducing the host's immune response. Therefore, methoxy polyethylene glycol (mPEG) binding on alginate-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) microcapsules was investigated using FTIR...
March 2018: Progress in Biomaterials
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