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Value in Health Regional Issues

Fiona Pearce, Liang Lin, Elaine Teo, Kwong Ng, Daphne Khoo
INTRODUCTION: Singapore has a robust health care system that is well known for delivering good health outcomes. In the public health care sector, subsidies and financial assistance are provided for drugs listed on the Standard Drug List and Medication Assistance Fund. Additional financing mechanisms are also available to provide further support for patients in need. With new technologies entering the market at high costs, health technology assessment (HTA) is playing an increasingly important role to inform their relative value and determine how best to allocate finite health care resources to ensure long-term sustainability of the health care system...
June 25, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
María Calderón, Nicole Minckas, Solange Nuñez, Agustín Ciapponi
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is the name given to two inflammatory diseases of the colon and/or small intestine: Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). There is no information summarizing the complete body of evidence about IBD in developing regions, including Latin America. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the burden of IBD in Latin America. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review searching published and unpublished studies on major international and regional databases from January 2000 to September 2015...
June 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Christiane Maskineh, Soumana C Nasser
OBJECTIVES: The first objective is to describe current managed entry agreement (MEA) activity in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region and the pharmaceutical decision makers' perception and use of these agreements; The second objective is to describe the challenges as well as to reflect on the uncertainty related to MEAs implementation and the future outlook for MEAs activities in the region. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to several pharmaceutical manufacturers and public officials involved in pricing and reimbursement of pharmaceuticals in the region...
June 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Gustavo L A de Oliveira, Jans B Izidoro, Felipe Ferré, Samuel R A E Sousa, Francisco A Acurcio
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the average price of oral hypoglycemic agents provided by the Brazilian health system (SUS) and to compare them to other public health systems. METHODS: Cross-sectional study about drug prices purchased by Belo Horizonte (municipal level), Minas Gerais (state level) and federal institutions in January and February of 2014. Average prices were calculated by defined daily dosage (DDD) and were compared to the management levels and the program "Aqui Tem Farmácia Popular" (ATFP)...
June 20, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
A V Prasolov, A S Kolbin, Yulia E Balykina
OBJECTIVES: To propose an algorithm that relates the effectiveness of drugs for a wide range of diseases with the financial capabilities of patients. METHODS: Estimates of the volume of pharmaceuticals that are consumed in the Russian Federation by all segments of the population regardless of household income were considered. These were calculated using statistically valid probabilities of the appearance of various diseases, official state data on the structure of expenditures of various strata of the population, and the optimal choice of the most effective medicines with income restrictions taken into account...
June 19, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Luciana C Chiapella, Jorgelina Montemarani Menna, María Eugenia Mamprin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the medication dispensed to elderly patients in a primary health care center (PHC) and a community pharmacy (CP) in Argentina and to identify the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study. Data were acquired from 886 prescriptions in the PHC and 2368 in the CP between February and April 2015. Dispensed medications were coded according to the Anatomical, Therapeutic, and Chemical (ATC) classification system...
June 19, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Ramiro E Gilardino, Eduardo González-Pier, Claudia Brabata
End-stage renal disease, the last and most severe stage of chronic kidney disease, represents a major and rising concern for countries in Latin America, driven in large part by aging populations and the near-epidemic rises in diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. This places a great clinical, economic, and social burden on the region's health systems. During the ISPOR 6th Latin America Conference held in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in September 2017, an educational forum debated on value-based decision making in the treatment of end-stage renal disease in Latin America...
May 21, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Emil Kupek, Ilse Viertel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cost effectiveness of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the routine immunization program for children younger than 5 years in Brazil by a postintroduction study. METHODS: Ecological study of prevaccine (2006-2009) versus postvaccine (2011-2014) period related the changes in mortality rate and hospitalization rate to direct cost of pneumonia treatment from the payer's perspective to estimate the cost effectiveness regarding lives saved, life-years gained, and disability-adjusted life-year for children younger than 5 years in the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina...
May 14, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Ana Paula Beck da Silva Etges, Veronique Grenon, Joana Siqueira de Souza, Francisco José Kliemann Neto, Elaine Aparecida Felix
BACKGROUND: In recent years, health care organizations have looked to enterprise risk management (ERM) for novel systems to obtain more accurate data on which to base risk strategies. OBJECTIVE: This study proposes a conceptual ERM framework specifically designed for health care organizations. METHODS: We explore how hospitals in the United States and Brazil are structuring and implementing ERM processes within their management structure. This study incorporates interviews with 15 chief risk officers (8 from the United States and 7 from Brazil) with qualitative data analysis using NVivo (QSR International software)...
May 14, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
María Calderón, Viviana Brito, Andrea Alcaraz, Lucila Rey-Ares, Federico Augustovski, Sebastián García-Martí, Ariel Bardach, Agustín Ciapponi, Analía López, Andrés Pichón-Riviere
BACKGROUND: Aortic aneurysm (AA) is a pathology with high morbidity and mortality. The management can be expectant, surgical, or through endovascular repair (EVAR). In Latin America the incidence of AA has increased and the analysis of therapeutic options, especially if they are expensive, is fundamental. OBJECTIVE: To analyze available evidence on the effectiveness, safety and coverage policies of the EVAR. METHODOLOGY: Panoramic review in the main bibliographical bases (MEDLINE, LILACS, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, DARE) and generic internet searchers, main health technology assessment (HTA) agencies and health insurance companies...
May 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Ângela Maria Bagattini, Suzi Alves Camey, Sandro René Miguel, Mônica Viegas Andrade, Kenya Valeria Micaela de Souza Noronha, Monica Akissue de C Teixeira, Ana Flávia Lima, Marisa Santos, Carisi Anne Polanczyk, Luciane Nascimento Cruz
OBJECTIVES: To assess the measurement equivalence of the original paper version of an adapted tablet version of the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D). METHODS: A randomly selected sample of 509 individuals aged 18 to 64 years from the general population responded to the EQ-5D at two time points separated by a minimum interval of 24 hours and were allocated to one of the following groups: test-retest group (tablet-tablet) or crossover group (paper-tablet and tablet-paper)...
May 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Karen Brasil Ruschel, Eneida R Rabelo-Silva, Luis Eduardo Rohde, Emiliane N de Souza, Cláudia M Mussi, Carisi A Polanczyk
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the cost-effectiveness of a nurse-led home visit (HV) intervention as compared with the standard HF management, within a randomized clinical trial in Brazil. STUDY DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness study within a randomized trial. METHODS: To assess the cost-effectiveness of four home visits and four telephone calls by nurses in the management of patients with HF within a randomized clinical trial (RCT: NCT01213875) in a perspective Public (PHS-Public Healthcare System) and private healthcare systems of Brazil during time frame of 24 weeks...
May 10, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Alessandro G Campolina, Rossana V M López, Elene P Nardi, Marcos B Ferraz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the internal consistency of the SF-6D as a health status index in the Brazilian urban population. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional population based study. METHODS: Five thousand individuals, older than the age of 15, were assessed in the five regions of the country. Two different methods of scoring the SF-6D where compared: "weighting the items" of the questionnaire through the Brazilian official weight coefficients, and "unweighting the items" through a parallel non preference scoring rule solely based on patients' answers to SF-6D health classification system (SF-6DHSI )...
May 7, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Marcia Makdisse, Marcelo Katz, Pedro Ramos, Adriano Pereira, Sandra Shiramizo, Miguel Cendoroglo Neto, Sidney Klajner
Value-based health care has been touted as the "strategy that will fix healthcare," yet putting this value agenda to work in the real world is not an easy task. Robert Kaplan and colleagues first introduced the concept of a value management office (VMO) that may help to accelerate the dissemination and adoption of this value agenda. In this article, we describe the first known experience of the implementation of a VMO in a Latin American hospital and the main steps we have already taken to accelerate this value agenda at Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein...
May 2, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Victor H Herrera-Ballesteros, Franz Castro, Beatriz Gómez
OBJETIVO: Caracterizar el gasto de bolsillo privado en medicamentos en función de los determinantes sociodemográficos y socioeconómicos. MATERIALES Y MéTODOS: La fuente de datos es la Encuesta de Gasto de Bolsillo en Medicamentos de 2014. Se caracterizó el gasto de bolsillo privado mediante variables explicativas sociodemográficas (SOD) y socioeconómicas (SES). Se hizo análisis factorial por componentes principales, regresión logística y lineal simple. RESULTADOS: Los Odds Ratio demuestran que la educación y la zona geográfica son determinantes fundamentales que inciden en el gasto de bolsillo...
April 27, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Ciprian-Paul Radu, Bogdan Cristian Pana, Florentina Ligia Furtunescu
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this article were to describe the characteristics of the drug policy in Romania in the last 10 years and to present the consequences in terms of patient accessibility to drugs. METHODS: The Romanian health care system with pricing and reimbursement legislation was studied while considering the evolution of pricing and reimbursement processes, the key stakeholders, and the reasons behind changes. A critical appraisal was done covering published materials on the effects of pricing and reimbursement decisions...
April 25, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Limin Wang, Qing Ye, Ole Kjerkegaard Nielsen, Anne Gadegaard, William J Valentine, Barnaby Hunt, Linhong Wang
BACKGROUND: The member states of the United Nations launched 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) as part of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. SDG target 3.4 focused on reducing premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases by one-third by 2030 through prevention and treatment and promoting mental health and well-being. Diabetes is associated with significant clinical and economic burden in China. OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of improving care for people with diabetes in China, and how this relates to achieving SDG target 3...
May 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
C S Tan, M A Hassali, C F Neoh, F Saleem, Rob Horne
BACKGROUND: Low rate of adherence was found strongly associated with patients' beliefs across the studies about chronic diseases with hypertension. A crucial move is needed to bridge the gap between appropriate assessment tools and local hypertensive patients' medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: To produce a translated version in Malay language of Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) that was "conceptually equivalent" to the original English version for use in local clinical practice and research...
May 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Oraluck Pattanaprateep, Atiporn Ingsathit, Mark McEvoy, John Attia, Ammarin Thakkinstian
OBJECTIVES: To assess the cost effectiveness of renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade in the progression of chronic kidney disease using Thai clinical data in 2014. METHODS: A Markov model for cost-effectiveness analysis was applied to estimate from a societal perspective the cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of RAAS versus non-RAAS used in preventing the progression of end-stage renal disease and death stratified by diabetic and nondiabetic patients...
May 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
Shou-Hsia Cheng, Hyun-Hyo Jin, Bong-Min Yang, Robert H Blank
OBJECTIVE: Achieving universal health coverage has been an important goal for many countries worldwide. However, the rapid growth of health expenditures has challenged all nations, both those with and without such universal coverage. Single-payer systems are considered more efficient for administrative affairs and may be more effective for containing costs than multipayer systems. However, South Korea, which has a typical single-payer scheme, has almost the highest growth rate in health expenditures among industrialized countries...
May 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
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