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RMD Open

Laura C Cappelli, Ami A Shah, Clifton O Bingham
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are newly approved treatments for advanced malignancies that are increasing survival. The mechanism of these drugs, non-specifically activating T cells, also leads to immune-mediated damage of tissue or immune-related adverse events (IRAE). IRAEs with rheumatic phenotypes are increasingly being recognised. Inflammatory arthritis, sicca syndrome, inflammatory myopathy, vasculitis and lupus nephritis have been described as a result of ICIs. Use of ICIs will be expanding in the coming years for several reasons...
2016: RMD Open
Jean-Denis Laredo, Elisabeth Laemmel, Eric Vicaut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: RMD Open
U Kiltz, D van der Heijde, A Boonen, W Bautista-Molano, R Burgos-Vargas, P Chiowchanwisawakit, T Duruoz, B El-Zorkany, I Essers, I Gaydukova, P Géher, L Gossec, S Grazio, J Gu, M A Khan, T J Kim, W P Maksymowych, H Marzo-Ortega, V Navarro-Compán, I Olivieri, D Patrikos, F M Pimentel-Santos, M Schirmer, F van den Bosch, U Weber, J Zochling, J Braun
INTRODUCTION: The Assessments of SpondyloArthritis international society Health Index (ASAS HI) measures functioning and health in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA) across 17 aspects of health and 9 environmental factors (EF). The objective was to translate and adapt the original English version of the ASAS HI, including the EF Item Set, cross-culturally into 15 languages. METHODS: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation has been carried out following the forward-backward procedure...
2016: RMD Open
Vibeke Strand, Eun Bong Lee, Roy Fleischmann, Rieke E Alten, Tamas Koncz, Samuel H Zwillich, David Gruben, Bethanie Wilkinson, Sriram Krishnaswami, Gene Wallenstein
OBJECTIVES: To compare patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in methotrexate (MTX)-naive patients (defined as no prior treatment or ≤3 doses) receiving tofacitinib versus MTX. METHODS: In the 24-month, phase III, randomised, controlled, ORAL Start trial (NCT01039688), patients were randomised 2:2:1 to receive tofacitinib 5 mg two times per day (n=373), tofacitinib 10 mg two times per day (n=397) or MTX (n=186). PROs assessed included Patient Global Assessment of disease (PtGA), pain, Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) and health-related quality of life (Short Form-36 [SF-36])...
2016: RMD Open
Filipa Oliveira-Ramos, Mónica Eusébio, Fernando M Martins, Ana Filipa Mourão, Carolina Furtado, Raquel Campanilho-Marques, Inês Cordeiro, Joana Ferreira, Marcos Cerqueira, Ricardo Figueira, Iva Brito, Helena Canhão, Maria José Santos, José A Melo-Gomes, João Eurico Fonseca
OBJECTIVES: To determine how adult juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients fulfil classification criteria for adult rheumatic diseases, evaluate their outcomes and determine clinical predictors of inactive disease, functional status and damage. METHODS: Patients with JIA registered on the Rheumatic Diseases Portuguese Register ( older than 18 years and with more than 5 years of disease duration were included. Data regarding sociodemographic features, fulfilment of adult classification criteria, Health Assessment Questionnaire, Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index-articular (JADI-A) and Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index-extra-articular (JADI-E) damage index and disease activity were analysed...
2016: RMD Open
Thomas Schwartz, Louise Pyndt Diederichsen, Ingrid E Lundberg, Ivar Sjaastad, Helga Sanner
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) include the main subgroups polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), inclusion body myositis (IBM) and juvenile DM (JDM). The mentioned subgroups are characterised by inflammation of skeletal muscles leading to muscle weakness and other organs can also be affected as well. Even though clinically significant heart involvement is uncommon, heart disease is one of the major causes of death in IIM. Recent studies show an increased prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors in JDM and DM/PM, which need attention...
2016: RMD Open
Éric Toussirot, Alexis Régent, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec, Alain Saraux, Xavier Puéchal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: RMD Open
Natalia Cabrera, Agnes Duquesne, Marine Desjonquères, Jean-Paul Larbre, Jean-Christophe Lega, Nicole Fabien, Alexandre Belot
Arthritis is one of the main manifestations of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) and overlap syndrome in children and can be responsible for functional disability. We report on 2 children with arthritis that were dramatically improved by a treatment with interleukin-6 (IL-6) blockers in the context of connective tissue disease. However, in both cases, other systemic autoimmune symptoms were not modified by the treatment and autoantibodies tend to increase, suggesting a differential effect of IL-6 inhibition on articular inflammation and systemic autoimmunity...
2016: RMD Open
Sharzad Emamikia, Elizabeth V Arkema, Noémi Györi, Jacqueline Detert, Katerina Chatzidionysiou, Maxime Dougados, Gerd Rüdiger Burmester, Ronald van Vollenhoven
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an induction-maintenance strategy of combined therapy (methotrexate (MTX)+tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor (TNFi)) followed by withdrawal of TNFi could yield better long-term results than a strategy with MTX monotherapy, since it is unclear if the benefits from an induction phase with combined therapy are sustained if TNFi is withdrawn. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of trials using the initial combination of MTX+TNFi in conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug-naïve patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
2016: RMD Open
Willem F Lems, Merel M E Baak, Lilian H D van Tuyl, Mariëtte C Lodder, Ben A C Dijkmans, Maarten Boers
BACKGROUND: Bone loss during glucocorticoid (GC) therapy is poorly quantified. OBJECTIVE: Quantification of bone loss in GC-treated patients with chronic inflammatory diseases (CID; low dose) and transplants (high dose). METHODS: Meta-analysis of cohorts: PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE and bibliographic searches (1995-2012). Eligible studies prospectively included GC-treated patients with two dual X-ray absorptiometry measurements of spine or hip over a period of at least 12 months...
2016: RMD Open
Naba Haque, Rik J Lories, Kurt de Vlam
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current needs for joint surgery in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: The patient database at the Rheumatology Department of the University Hospitals Leuven, was cross-sectionally analysed using demographic, medical, laboratory, radiological and surgical data of 269 patients with PsA. Patients were grouped by the presence or absence of orthopaedic surgery and compared for gender, age, mean health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) score, current medication and disease duration...
2016: RMD Open
Shannon R Sweeney, Arthur Kavanaugh, Alessia Lodi, Bo Wang, David Boyle, Stefano Tiziani, Monica Guma
To determine whether characterisation of patients' metabolic profiles, utilising nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS), could predict response to rituximab therapy. 23 patients with active, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on concomitant methotrexate were treated with rituximab. Patients were grouped into responders and non-responders according to the American College of Rheumatology improvement criteria, at a 20% level at 6 months. A Bruker Avance 700 MHz spectrometer and a Thermo Scientific Q Exactive Hybrid Quadrupole-Orbitrap mass spectrometer were used to acquire (1)H-NMR and ultra high pressure liquid chromatography (UPLC)-MS/MS spectra, respectively, of serum samples before and after rituximab therapy...
2016: RMD Open
Leonardo Punzi, Paola Galozzi, Roberto Luisetto, Marta Favero, Roberta Ramonda, Francesca Oliviero, Anna Scanu
Post-traumatic arthritis (PTA) develops after an acute direct trauma to the joints. PTA causes about 12% of all osteoarthritis cases, and a history of physical trauma may also be found in patients with chronic inflammatory arthritis. Symptoms include swelling, synovial effusion, pain and sometimes intra-articular bleeding. Usually, PTA recoveries spontaneously, but the persistence of symptoms after 6 months may be considered pathological and so-called chronic PTA. A variety of molecular, mechanobiological and cellular events involved in the pathogenesis and the progression of PTA have been identified...
2016: RMD Open
I C Scott, F Ibrahim, C M Lewis, D L Scott, V Strand
OBJECTIVES: To establish if using intensive treatment to reduce synovitis and attain remission in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) improves all aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: A secondary analysis of two randomised clinical trials (CARDERA and TACIT) was undertaken. CARDERA randomised 467 patients with early active RA to different disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) regimens, including high-dose tapering corticosteroids. TACIT randomised 205 established patients with active RA to combination DMARDs (cDMARDs) or tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitors (TNFis)...
2016: RMD Open
Rene Westhovens, Lieven Annemans
The cost of drugs is becoming an issue worldwide, in particular for inflammatory rheumatic diseases. In the current review, an overview of the scene is given with a specific emphasis on accessibility for those patients in real need of the available expensive treatments. The authors propose 7 principles for discussion that need to be addressed and are a responsibility for all stakeholders in rheumatology.
2016: RMD Open
Adeline Ruyssen-Witrand, Yannick Degboé, A Cantagrel, D Nigon, C Lukas, S Scaramuzzino, Y Allanore, O Vittecoq, T Schaeverbeke, J Morel, J Sibilia, A Cambon-Thomsen, P Dieudé, A Constantin
OBJECTIVES: The RANK/RANKL/osteoprotegerin (OPG) system plays a central role in the pathogenesis of bone erosions in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to test the association between 11 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located on RANK, RANKL and OPG genes and anticitrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA) presence or erosions in RA. METHODS: HASH(0x4c2daa0) PATIENTS: This work was performed on three independent samples of French patients with RA: the Etude de Suivi des PolyArthrites Indifférenciées Récentes (ESPOIR) (n=632), Rangueil Midi-Pyrénées (RMP) (n=249) and French Rheumatoid Arthritis Genetic Consortium (FRAGC) (n=590) cohorts...
2016: RMD Open
Jos Hendrikx, Marieke J de Jonge, Jaap Fransen, Wietske Kievit, Piet Lcm van Riel
Patient assessment of disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may be useful in clinical practice, offering a patient-friendly, location independent, and a time-efficient and cost-efficient means of monitoring the disease. The objective of this study was to identify patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) to assess disease activity in RA and to evaluate the measurement properties of these measures. Systematic literature searches were performed in the PubMed and EMBASE databases to identify articles reporting on clinimetric development or evaluation of PROM-based instruments to monitor disease activity in patients with RA...
2016: RMD Open
Nadia Howard Tripp, Jessica Tarn, Andini Natasari, Colin Gillespie, Sheryl Mitchell, Katie L Hackett, Simon J Bowman, Elizabeth Price, Colin T Pease, Paul Emery, Peter Lanyon, John Hunter, Monica Gupta, Michele Bombardieri, Nurhan Sutcliffe, Costantino Pitzalis, John McLaren, Annie Cooper, Marian Regan, Ian Giles, David A Isenberg, Vadivelu Saravanan, David Coady, Bhaskar Dasgupta, Neil McHugh, Steven Young-Min, Robert Moots, Nagui Gendi, Mohammed Akil, Bridget Griffiths, Dennis W Lendrem, Wan-Fai Ng
OBJECTIVES: This article reports relationships between serum cytokine levels and patient-reported levels of fatigue, in the chronic immunological condition primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Blood levels of 24 cytokines were measured in 159 patients with pSS from the United Kingdom Primary Sjögren's Syndrome Registry and 28 healthy non-fatigued controls. Differences between cytokines in cases and controls were evaluated using Wilcoxon test. Patient-reported scores for fatigue were evaluated, classified according to severity and compared with cytokine levels using analysis of variance...
2016: RMD Open
X Baraliakos, F Heldmann, F van den Bosch, G Burmester, H Gaston, I E van der Horst-Bruinsma, A Krause, R Schmidt, M Schneider, J Sieper, B Andermann, A van Tubergen, M Witt, J Braun
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the treatment outcome of patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the European AS infliximab cohort (EASIC) study after a total period of 8 years with specific focus on dosage and the duration of intervals between infliximab infusions. METHODS: EASIC included patients with AS who had received infliximab for 2 years as part of the ASSERT trial. After that period, rheumatologists were free to change the dose or the intervals of infliximab...
2016: RMD Open
Roy M Fleischmann, Tom W J Huizinga, Arthur F Kavanaugh, Bethanie Wilkinson, Kenneth Kwok, Ryan DeMasi, Ronald F van Vollenhoven
INTRODUCTION: Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Tofacitinib monotherapy was previously shown to inhibit structural damage, reduce clinical signs and symptoms of RA, and improve physical functioning over 24 months in methotrexate (MTX)-naive adult patients with RA. In this post hoc analysis, we compared efficacy and safety of tofacitinib in patients with early (disease duration <1 year) versus established (≥1 year) RA...
2016: RMD Open
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