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RMD Open

Andrea Regel, Alexandre Sepriano, Xenofon Baraliakos, Désirée van der Heijde, Jürgen Braun, Robert Landewé, Filip Van den Bosch, Louise Falzon, Sofia Ramiro
To assess the efficacy and safety of non-biological therapies in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) to inform the update of the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of axSpA. A systematic literature review (2009-2016) of all non-pharmacological treatments, non-biological drugs (except targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)) and surgical therapies was performed. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and clinical controlled trials were assessed for efficacy and safety, while observational studies with a comparator were assessed for safety...
2017: RMD Open
Alexandre Sepriano, Andrea Regel, Désirée van der Heijde, Jürgen Braun, Xenofon Baraliakos, Robert Landewé, Filip Van den Bosch, Louise Falzon, Sofia Ramiro
OBJECTIVES: To update the evidence for the efficacy and safety of (b)biological and (ts)targeted-synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) to inform the 2016 update of the Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society/European League Against Rheumatism (ASAS/EULAR) recommendations for the management of axSpA. METHODS: Systematic literature review (2009-2016) for randomised controlled trials (RCT), including long-term extensions, strategy trials and observational studies (the latter was only for safety assessment and a comparator was required)...
2017: RMD Open
Charlotte Hua, Claire I Daien, Bernard Combe, Robert Landewe
OBJECTIVE: To update the evidence pertaining to the diagnosis, prognosis and classification of patients with early arthritis (EA), and to inform the 2016 European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of patients with EA. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched up to October 2015. The first part of the systematic literature review (SLR) involved a search for studies investigating the recognition and referral of EA...
2017: RMD Open
Claire Immediato Daien, Charlotte Hua, Bernard Combe, Robert Landewe
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic literature review (SLR) on pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments, in order to inform the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) recommendations for the management of early arthritis (EA). METHODS: The expert committee defined research questions concerning non-pharmacological interventions, patient information and education, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, glucocorticoid (GC) and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) use, as well as on disease monitoring...
2017: RMD Open
D H Huynh, T A Boyd, C J Etzel, V Cox, J Kremer, P Mease, A Kavanaugh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the duration of clinical benefit among patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) discontinuing tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) therapy while in low disease activity (LDA), and to identify patient characteristics associated with prolonged clinical benefit. METHODS: We performed an observational cohort study assessing patients with PsA from the Consortium of Rheumatology Researchers of North America (CORRONA) registry who had discontinued TNFi after achieving LDA, defined as clinical disease activity index (CDAI) score ≤10 and physician's global assessment (PGA) of skin psoriasis ≤20/100...
2017: RMD Open
Roy Fleischmann, Vanita Tongbram, Ronald van Vollenhoven, Derek H Tang, James Chung, David Collier, Shilpa Urs, Kerigo Ndirangu, George Wells, Janet Pope
OBJECTIVE: Clinical trials have not consistently demonstrated differences between tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) plus methotrexate and triple therapy (methotrexate plus hydroxychloroquine plus sulfasalazine) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The study objective was to estimate the efficacy, radiographic benefits, safety and patient-reported outcomes of TNFi-methotrexate versus triple therapy in patients with RA. METHODS: A systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) of randomised controlled trials of TNFi-methotrexate or triple therapy as one of the treatment arms in patients with an inadequate response to or who were naive to methotrexate was conducted...
2017: RMD Open
Chihiro Takahashi, Yuko Kaneko, Yutaka Okano, Hiroaki Taguchi, Hisaji Oshima, Keisuke Izumi, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Tsutomu Takeuchi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of erythrocyte methotrexate-polyglutamate (MTX-PG) concentrations in determining the safety and efficacy of MTX in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: 79 MTX-naïve patients with RA were enrolled in this prospective 76-week cohort study. MTX was initiated, and a predefined dose-escalation protocol was followed. Erythrocyte MTX-PG concentrations were measured using liquid chromatography. The associations of MTX-PG concentrations with disease activity and adverse events were analysed...
2017: RMD Open
Jacob L Jaremko, Dean Jeffery, M Buller, Stephanie Wichuk, Dave McDougall, Robert Gw Lambert, Walter P Maksymowych
OBJECTIVE: Bone marrow lesions (BML) are an MRI feature of osteoarthritis (OA) offering a potential target for therapy. We developed the Knee Inflammation MRI Scoring System (KIMRISS) to semiquantitatively score BML with high sensitivity to small changes, and compared feasibility, reliability and responsiveness versus the established MRI Osteoarthritis Knee Score (MOAKS). METHODS: KIMRISS incorporates a web-based graphic overlay to facilitate detailed regional BML scoring...
2017: RMD Open
Frederique Gandjbakhch, Benjamin Granger, Romain Freund, Violaine Foltz, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Valerie Devauchelle, Mona Afshar, Jean David Albert, Florian Bailly, Elodie Constant, Lisa Biale, Morgane Milin, Marion Couderc, Delphine Denarie, Anne Fradin, Virginie Martaille, Audrey Pierreisnard, Nicolas Poursac, Alain Saraux, Bruno Fautrel
INTRODUCTION: Structural damage progression is a major outcome in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Its evaluation and follow-up in trials should involve radiographic scoring by 1 or 2 readers (reference assessment), which is challenging in large longitudinal cohorts with multiple assessments. OBJECTIVES: To compare the reproducibility of multireader and reference assessment to improve the feasibility of detecting radiographic progression in a large cohort of patients with early arthritis (ESPOIR)...
2017: RMD Open
René-Marc Flipo, Jean-Francis Maillefert, Pascal Chazerain, Isabelle Idier, Mathieu Coudert, Jacques Tebib
INTRODUCTION: Using a biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) as monotherapy in clinical practice for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is common and recognised by health authorities although current guidelines recommend to combine them with conventional synthetic (cs)DMARDs. This study mainly aimed to search for real-life factors influencing the use of tocilizumab as MONO or in combination (COMBO). METHODS: In this non-interventional, prospective, national, multicentre study, data were collected every 3 months over a 12-month period in RA patients starting tocilizumab...
2017: RMD Open
Maureen C Turina, Nataliya Yeremenko, Floris van Gaalen, Maikel van Oosterhout, Inger J Berg, Ramona Ramonda, Cristina M C Lebre, Robert Landewé, Dominique Baeten
INTRODUCTION: Decreasing the diagnostic delay in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) remains a major challenge. Here, we assessed the value of serum inflammatory biomarkers to distinguish early axSpA from other pathologies in a large cohort of patients referred with early back pain. METHODS: Serum c reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and calprotectin were determined in the SPondyloArthritis Caught Early (SPACE) cohort (n=310), an early back pain inception cohort...
2017: RMD Open
Meghna Jani, William G Dixon, Lianne Kersley-Fleet, Ian N Bruce, Hector Chinoy, Anne Barton, Mark Lunt, Kath Watson, Deborah P Symmons, Kimme L Hyrich
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of lupus-like events (LLEs) and vasculitis-like events (VLEs) in tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitor (TNFi)-treated patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) to those receiving non-biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (nbDMARDs). METHODS: Patients were recruited to the British Society for Rheumatology Biologics Register-RA, a national prospective cohort study. Two cohorts recruited between 2001 and 2015: (1) patients starting first TNFi (adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab and certolizumab) (n=12 937) and (2) biological-naïve comparison cohort receiving nbDMARDs (n=3673)...
2017: RMD Open
Matthew J Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Rachelle Buchbinder, Joel J Gagnier
OBJECTIVE: To achieve consensus on the most important outcome domains to measure across all clinical trials for shoulder disorders. METHODS: We performed an online modified Delphi study with an international, multidisciplinary and multistakeholder panel. A literature review and the OMERACT Filter 2.0 framework was used to generate a list of potential core domains, which were presented to patients, clinicians and researchers in two Delphi rounds. Participants were asked to judge the importance of each potential core domain and provide a rationale for their response...
2016: RMD Open
Sevim Barbasso Helmers, Xia Jiang, David Pettersson, Anna-Lis Wikman, Pia Axelman, Åsa Lundberg, Ingrid E Lundberg, Lars Alfredsson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between inflammatory lung disease and the risk of developing idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted. Adult myositis cases, identified from the Swedish inpatient registry (diagnosed between 1995 and 1997), and randomly selected controls matched to cases on the date of birth, gender and residency, were asked to fill out a questionnaire with questions on lifestyle, environmental exposures and health...
2016: RMD Open
Thomas Rose, Franziska Szelinski, Anna Lisney, Karin Reiter, Sarah J Fleischer, Gerd R Burmester, Andreas Radbruch, Falk Hiepe, Andreas Grützkau, Robert Biesen, Thomas Dörner
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the interferon (IFN) biomarkers sialic acid binding Ig like lectin 1 (SIGLEC1, CD169) and IFN-γ-inducible protein-10 (IP-10) in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: 31 patients fulfilling the American-European criteria for pSS were included. Disease activity was obtained by EULAR Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI). SIGLEC1 expression on monocytes was analysed using flow cytometry. IP-10 concentrations were determined using Bioplex human Cytokine 27-plex kit...
2016: RMD Open
Anna-Birgitte Aga, Hilde Berner Hammer, Inge Christoffer Olsen, Till Uhlig, Tore K Kvien, Désirée van der Heijde, Hallvard Fremstad, Tor Magne Madland, Åse Stavland Lexberg, Hilde Haukeland, Erik Rødevand, Christian Høili, Hilde Stray, Anne Lindtner Noraas, Inger Johanne Widding Hansen, Gunnstein Bakland, Siri Lillegraven, Elisabeth Lie, Espen A Haavardsholm
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a responsive and feasible ultrasound inflammation score for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We used data from cohorts of early RA (development) and established RA starting/switching biologic therapy (validation). 4 tendons and 36 joints were examined by a grey scale (GSUS) and power Doppler semiquantitative ultrasound (PDUS) scoring system (full score). Ultrasound score components were selected based on factor analyses of 3-month change in the development cohort...
2016: RMD Open
Prashasnika Gehlot, Sarah L Volk, Hector F Rios, Karl J Jepsen, Joseph Holoshitz
OBJECTIVE: Shared epitope (SE)-coding DRB1 alleles are associated with bone erosion in several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontal disease (PD), but the underlying mechanism is unknown. We have recently identified the SE as an osteoclast-activating ligand. To better understand the biological effects of the SE in vivo, here we sought to determine whether it can facilitate spontaneous bone damage in naïve mice. METHODS: 3-month old naïve transgenic mice that carry the human SE-coding allele DRB1*04:01, or a SE-negative allele DRB1*04:02 were studied...
2016: RMD Open
Y Wu, K Chen, R Terkeltaub
OBJECTIVES: Calcium pyrophosphate crystal deposition disease (CPPD) is common, yet prevalence and overall clinical impact remain unclear. Sensitivity and specificity of CPPD reference standards (conventional crystal analysis (CCA) and radiography (CR)) were meta-analysed by EULAR (published 2011). Since then, new diagnostic modalities are emerging. Hence, we updated 2009-2016 literature findings by systematic review and evidence grading, and assessed unmet needs. METHODS: We performed systematic search of full papers (PubMed, Scopus/EMBASE, Cochrane 2009-2016 databases)...
2016: RMD Open
Theodora P M Vliet Vlieland, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Francoise Alliot-Launois, Catherine Beauvais, Milena Gobbo, Annamaria Iagnocco, Ingrid E Lundberg, Pedro V Munuera-Martínez, Christina H Opava, Yeliz Prior, Anthony Redmond, Hana Smucrova, Dieter Wiek
OBJECTIVE: To explore the availability of postgraduate education for health professionals (HPs) working in rheumatology in Europe, and their perceived educational needs and barriers for participation in current educational offerings. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted with national representatives of rheumatology HPs' organisations and an online survey among individual HPs was disseminated through existing European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) networks (10 languages including English)...
2016: RMD Open
Meliha C Kapetanovic, Mohaned Hameed, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Tuhina Neogi, Tore Saxne, Lennart Jacobsson, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and cumulative incidence of gout in southern Sweden with respect to socioeconomic status. METHODS: Among residents of Skåne region in the year 2013 (total population 1.3 million), adult persons (age 18 years +) who between 1998 and 2013 received a diagnosis of gout (International Classification of Disease 10th Edition (ICD-10) code M10) by any physician were identified using the Skåne Healthcare Register. We calculated the point prevalence by end of 2013 and annual cumulative incidence in 2013 standardised to the whole Skåne population according to sex, individual information on occupation (white collar/blue collar), income (low/middle/high) and level of education (primary school/high school/university)...
2016: RMD Open
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