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International Journal of Chronic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226217/lipid-profile-in-tuberculosis-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#1
Gebremedhin Gebremicael, Yemane Amare, Feyissa Challa, Atsbeha Gebreegziabxier, Girmay Medhin, Mistire Wolde, Desta Kassa
Background: Understanding whether the preceding low lipid profile leads to active tuberculosis (TB) or active TB leads to low lipid profile is crucial. Methods: Lipid profile concentrations were determined from 159 study participants composed of 93 active TB patients [44 HIV coinfected (HIV+TB+) and 49 HIV negative (HIV-TB+)], 41 tuberculin skin test (TST) positive cases [17 HIV coinfected (HIV+TST+) and 24 HIV negative (HIV-TST+)], and 25 healthy controls (HIV-TST-)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142906/hierarchical-modeling-of-patient-and-physician-determinants-of-blood-pressure-outcomes-in-hypertensive-patients-with-and-without-diabetes-pooled-analysis-of-six-observational-valsartan-studies-with-15-282-evaluable-patients
#2
Noha Ashy, Thanh-Nga Nguyen, Kris Denhaerynck, Mahdi Gharaibeh, Abdulaziz Alhossan, Stefaan Vancayzeele, Heidi Brié, Ann Aerts, Karen MacDonald, Ivo Abraham
We pooled data from 6 valsartan-related studies including 3,658 diabetic and 11,624 nondiabetic patients to evaluate blood pressure (BP) outcomes after approximately 90 days of second- or later-line valsartan treatment. Hierarchical linear and logistic regressions were applied to identify determinants of BP outcomes. Similar reductions in BP values and similar BP control rates were achieved in both groups after approximately 90 days of therapy. The modeling analyses identified several common and different patient- and physician-related determinants of BP outcomes for both groups, many of which are modifiable or clinically manageable...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130065/metabolic-syndrome-in-apparently-healthy-ghanaian-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Richard Ofori-Asenso, Akosua Adom Agyeman, Amos Laar
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major public health problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. We systematically reviewed the literature towards estimating the prevalence of MetS among apparently "healthy" Ghanaian adults. Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Africa Journals Online, African Index Medicus, and Google scholar as well as the websites of the Ministry of Health and Ghana Health service through September 2016. Only studies conducted among apparently "healthy" (no established disease, e...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894787/prevalence-of-anemia-overweight-obesity-and-undiagnosed-hypertension-and-diabetes-among-residents-of-selected-communities-in-ghana
#4
Alex Kojo Anderson
The increasing numbers of lifestyle related chronic diseases in developing countries call for awareness, early detection, and effective management. The objective of this paper is to report the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, overweight/obesity, and anemia among residents of selected communities in Ghana. The data comes from a community screening conducted in Ghana as part of the University of Georgia Summer Service Learning Program. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data while chi-square and independent t-test compared groups...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293668/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-ho-municipality-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
James Osei-Yeboah, William K B A Owiredu, Gameli Kwame Norgbe, Sylvester Yao Lokpo, Jones Gyamfi, Emmanuel Alote Allotey, Romeo Asumbasiya Aduko, Mark Noagbe, Florence A Attah
The cooccurrence of diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome potentiates the cardiovascular risk associated with each of the conditions; therefore characterizing metabolic syndrome among people with type 2 diabetes is beneficial for the purpose of cardiovascular disease prevention. This study aims at evaluating the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components among 162 patients with type 2 diabetes attending the diabetic clinic of the Ho Municipal Hospital, Ghana. Data obtained included anthropometric indices, blood pressure, serum lipids, glucose, and sociodemographics and clinical information...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054032/copd-in-a-population-based-sample-of-never-smokers-interactions-among-sex-gender-and-race
#6
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Rachel S Chisholm, Sarah Brennenstuhl
This observational epidemiological study investigates sex/gender and racial differences in prevalence of COPD among never-smokers. Data were derived from the 2012 Center for Disease Control's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The sample consisted of 129,535 non-Hispanic whites and blacks 50 years of age and older who had never smoked. Descriptive and multivariable analyses were conducted, with the latter using a series of logistic regression models predicting COPD status by sex/gender and race, adjusting for age, height, socioeconomic position (SEP), number of household members, marital status, and health insurance coverage...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004036/the-microbial-hypothesis-contributions-of-adenovirus-infection-and-metabolic-endotoxaemia-to-the-pathogenesis-of-obesity
#7
REVIEW
Amos Tambo, Mohsin H K Roshan, Nikolai P Pace
The global obesity epidemic, dubbed "globesity" by the World Health Organisation, is a pressing public health issue. The aetiology of obesity is multifactorial incorporating both genetic and environmental factors. Recently, epidemiological studies have observed an association between microbes and obesity. Obesity-promoting microbiome and resultant gut barrier disintegration have been implicated as key factors facilitating metabolic endotoxaemia. This is an influx of bacterial endotoxins into the systemic circulation, believed to underpin obesity pathogenesis...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819024/diabetes-mellitus-as-hub-for-tuberculosis-infection-a-snapshot
#8
REVIEW
Rahul Pal, Moiz A Ansari, Saif Hameed, Zeeshan Fatima
Tuberculosis (TB) still remains the thorn in the flesh of efficient therapeutics affecting one-third of global population annually. There are several factors that enhance the susceptibility to TB infections including malnutrition, smoking, and immunocompromised conditions such as AIDS. In the recent years, growing body of evidence has gained considerable prominence which suggests that Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is individual risk factor leading to complicated TB infections. In this article the authors have attempted to summarize the link of type 2 DM with TB, the mechanistic action of how DM sensitizes for developing the active TB infection from the latent infection, and problems faced during treatment followed by possible preventive measures...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774508/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-its-risk-factors-in-men-with-copd-in-qazvin
#9
Mahnaz Abbasi, Mohammadali Zohal, Banafsheh Atapour, Zohreh Yazdi
Introduction. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Proper diagnosis of osteoporosis as a systemic adverse effect of COPD is of significant importance. The present study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of osteoporosis and its risk factors in men suffering from COPD in Qazvin (2014). Methods. This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 90 patients with COPD using random sampling. Anthropometric data and results from physical examination were collected...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656678/behavioral-problems-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-controlled-study-to-examine-the-risk-of-psychopathology-in-a-chronic-pediatric-disorder
#10
Amir Hossein Memari, Elham Chamanara, Vahid Ziaee, Ramin Kordi, Seyed-Reza Raeeskarami
Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) are prone to the problems that can delay their psychosocial development; however, the existing literature has not reached a consensus on the psychological problems related to JIA. A total of 51 children and adolescents with JIA and 75 healthy controls aged 6 to 18 years were examined using the Child Behavioral Checklist (CBCL). Our results represented that 70 percent of JIA group reached "borderline clinical" range or "clinical" range in internalizing problems, while this percentage in the control group was 18 percent...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597987/revealing-maximal-diameter-of-upper-limb-superficial-vein-with-an-elevated-environmental-temperature
#11
Hira Irfan, Guo Shen Ooi, May M Kyin, Pei Ho
Ultrasonography is the primary tool for preoperative analysis of vein morphology for fistula creation in patients with end-stage renal disease. This study examines the effect of environmental temperature on the superficial vein size. Superficial veins of thirteen healthy volunteers were marked at three sites: cephalic vein in left lateral arm near cubital fossa, cephalic vein in left forearm at wrist, and basilic vein in left medial arm near cubital fossa. Mean diameters were recorded using ultrasound probe at 26°C and 43°C...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525302/effectiveness-of-a-pharmacist-led-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-clinic-in-rural-perry-county-alabama
#12
Pilar Z Murphy, Charles Sands, Frances Ford
Background. The Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Clinic (CRRC) in Perry County, Alabama, provides free pharmacist-led services. Clinic goals include improving health outcomes and reducing cardiovascular risk factors. Objective. To investigate the effectiveness of the CRRC in rural Perry County, Alabama. The reduction of the modifiable cardiovascular risk factors, blood pressure and body mass index, was evaluated to measure a decrease from baseline to last clinic date. Methods. This retrospective chart review identified 130 patients with at least two blood pressure and BMI measurements from baseline to June 30, 2010...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493990/musculoskeletal-disorders-and-perceived-work-demands-among-female-nurses-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-india
#13
Apexa S Raithatha, Daxa G Mishra
Introduction. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are common among nurses and can affect patient outcomes. There is a dearth of literature on MSD among Indian nurses. The study objective was to measure prevalence of MSD and their association with perceived work demands and sociodemographic variables among female nurses at a tertiary care hospital in rural India. Methods. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 2013 through interviewer administered questionnaires which comprised three parts: sociodemographic data, modified Nordic questionnaire, and perceived physical and psychological work demands...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493989/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-blood-pressure-in-indians-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sonu Punia, Sivachidambaram Kulandaivelan, Varun Singh, Vandana Punia
Introduction. High blood pressure (BP) is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, which accounts for one in every eight deaths worldwide. It has been predicted that, by 2020, there would be 111% increase in cardiovascular deaths in India. Aerobic exercise in the form of brisk walking, jogging, running, and cycling would result in reduction in BP. Many meta-analytical studies from western world confirm this. However, there is no such review from Indian subcontinent. Objective...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478866/the-negligible-influence-of-chronic-obesity-on-hospitalization-clinical-status-and-complications-in-elective-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion
#15
Olaf Suess, Theodoros Kombos, Frank Bode
Background. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a common surgical treatment for degenerative spinal instability, but many surgeons consider obesity a contraindication for elective spinal fusion. The aim of this study was to analyze whether obesity has any influence on hospitalization parameters, change in clinical status, or complications. Methods. In this prospective study, regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of the body mass index (BMI) on operating time, postoperative care, hospitalization time, type of postdischarge care, change in paresis or sensory deficits, pain level, wound complications, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and implant complications...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294192/screening-for-nephropathy-in-diabetes-mellitus-is-micral-test-valid-among-all-diabetics
#16
Koubaa Afifa, Sriha Belguith Asma, Harzallah Nabil, Bellaleh Ahlem, Sahtout Mounira, Younes Kawthar, Triki Sonia, Hellara Ilhem, Neffati Fadoua, Najjar Fadhel, Soltani Mohamed
Background. Using Micral-test (MT) for screening microalbuminuria (MA) among type 2 diabetics (T2D) is helpful. We aimed at determining prevalence of MA and at describing the MT validity. Methods. We studied 182 T2D followed up in family medicine. Two 24-hour urinary quantitative assays of MA had been used as a gold standard. Results. Prevalence of MA was 23%, CI 95%: 16.9-29.1. MT validity was 77% for sensitivity, 88% for negative predictive value, and 0.2 for Kappa coefficient (p = 0.001). Among subjects having a blood pressure ≥130/80 mmHg, having a CHT/HDL ratio ≥ 3, being a T2D for more than 5 years, and being women, negative predictive values were, respectively, 91%, 89%, 95%, and 91%...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144223/corrigendum-to-a-systematic-review-of-peripheral-and-central-nervous-system-involvement-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-and-associated-immunological-profiles
#17
Anastasia Bougea, Evangelos Anagnostou, Konstantinos Giatas, George Paraskevas, Nikolaos Triantafyllou, Evangelia Kararizou
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/910352.].
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144222/evolution-of-experience-of-care-of-patients-with-and-without-chronic-diseases-following-a-qu%C3%A3-bec-primary-healthcare-reform
#18
Raynald Pineault, Roxane Borgès Da Silva, Sylvie Provost, Mylaine Breton, Pierre Tousignant, Michel Fournier, Alexandre Prud'homme, Jean-Frédéric Levesque
Objectives. To assess the extent to which new primary healthcare (PHC) models implemented in two regions of Quebec have improved patient experience of care, unmet needs, and use of services for individuals with and without chronic diseases, compared with other forms of PHC practices. Methods. In 2005 and 2010, we carried out population and organization surveys. We divided PHC organizations into new model practices and other practices and followed the evolution over time of patient experience of care. Results...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034975/an-innovative-approach-to-evaluate-the-morphological-patterns-of-soft-palate-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-patients-a-digital-cephalometric-study
#19
Chintamaneni Raja Lakshmi, Dharmavaram Ayesha Thabusum, Sujana Mulk Bhavana
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic insidious disease affecting mucosa and submucosa of oral cavity and soft palate. The present study aimed to evaluate the morphology of soft palate in normal individuals and OSMF patients using lateral cephalometry and to compare and correlate these variants of soft palate with different stages of OSMF. 100 subjects were included in the study, who were divided into two groups. Group I included 50 subjects with clinical diagnosis of OSMF and Group II included 50 normal subjects (control group)...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824054/age-and-sex-specific-reference-intervals-for-modifiable-risk-factors-of-cardiovascular-diseases-for-gujarati-asian-indians
#20
Sibasis Sahoo, Komal H Shah, Ashwati R Konat, Kamal H Sharma, Payal Tripathi
Objective. We aimed to establish age and sex specific percentile reference data for cardiovascular risk factors such as lipids, sugar, blood pressure, and BMI in apparently healthy and disease-free Gujarati population. Methods. In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 3265 apparently healthy and disease-free individuals of both genders residing in Gujarat state. Fasting samples of blood were used for biochemical estimations of lipids and sugar. The measurement of BMI and blood pressure was also done according to the standard guidelines...
2015: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
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