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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772759/human-babesiosis-caused-by-babesia-duncani-has-widespread-distribution-across-canada
#1
John D Scott, Catherine M Scott
Human babesiosis caused by Babesia duncani is an emerging infectious disease in Canada. This malaria-like illness is brought about by a protozoan parasite infecting red blood cells. Currently, controversy surrounds which tick species are vectors of B. duncani. Since the availability of a serological or molecular test in Canada for B. duncani has been limited, we conducted a seven-year surveillance study (2011⁻2017) to ascertain the occurrence and geographic distribution of B. duncani infection country-wide...
May 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772754/transitioning-from-acute-to-chronic-pain-an-examination-of-different-trajectories-of-low-back-pain
#2
Robert J Gatchel, Kelley Bevers, John C Licciardone, Jianzhong Su, Ying Du, Marco Brotto
Traditionally, there has been a widely accepted notion that the transition from acute to chronic pain follows a linear trajectory, where an injury leads to acute episodes, subacute stages, and progresses to a chronic pain condition. However, it appears that pain progression is much more complicated and individualized than this original unsupported assumption. It is now becoming apparent that, while this linear progression may occur, it is not the only path that pain, specifically low-back pain, follows. It is clear there is a definite need to evaluate how low-back pain trajectories are classified and, subsequently, how we can more effectively intervene during these progression stages...
May 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772688/modeling-the-population-health-impact-of-introducing-a-modified-risk-tobacco-product-into-the-u-s-market
#3
Smilja Djurdjevic, Peter N Lee, Rolf Weitkunat, Zheng Sponsiello-Wang, Frank Lüdicke, Gizelle Baker
Philip Morris International (PMI) has developed the Population Health Impact Model (PHIM) to quantify, in the absence of epidemiological data, the effects of marketing a candidate modified risk tobacco product (cMRTP) on the public health of a whole population. Various simulations were performed to understand the harm reduction impact on the U.S. population over a 20-year period under various scenarios. The overall reduction in smoking attributable deaths (SAD) over the 20-year period was estimated as 934,947 if smoking completely went away and between 516,944 and 780,433 if cMRTP use completely replaces smoking...
May 16, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751660/striking-a-balance-a-qualitative-study-of-next-of-kin-participation-in-the-care-of-older-persons-in-nursing-homes-in-sweden
#4
Birgitta Wallerstedt, Lina Behm, Åsa Alftberg, Anna Sandgren, Eva Benzein, Per Nilsen, Gerd Ahlström
Most of the care in nursing homes is palliative in nature, as it is the oldest and the frailest people who live in nursing homes. The aim of this study was to explore next of kin's experiences of participating in the care of older persons at nursing homes. A qualitative design was used, based on semi-structured interviews with 40 next of kin, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. An overarching theme emerged, a balancing act consisting of three categories: (1) visiting the nursing home; (2) building and maintaining relationships; and (3) gathering and conveying information...
May 11, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751605/oral-health-care-in-hong-kong
#5
REVIEW
Sherry Shiqian Gao, Kitty Jieyi Chen, Duangporn Duangthip, Edward Chin Man Lo, Chun Hung Chu
Hong Kong, as a special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China, is a metropolitan city in Asia with a population of approximately 7.4 million. This paper reflects the oral health care situation in Hong Kong. Water fluoridation was introduced in 1961 as the primary strategy for the prevention of dental caries. The fluoride level is currently 0.5 parts per million. Dental care is mainly provided by private dentists. The government’s dentists primarily serve civil servants and their dependents, with limited emergency dental service for pain relief offered to the general public...
May 11, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738507/the-association-between-quality-improvement-initiatives-in-dementia-care-and-supportive-psychosocial-work-environments-in-nursing-homes
#6
Miharu Nakanishi, Maki Tei-Tominaga
Background : Quality improvement initiatives can help nursing homes strengthen psychosocial work environments. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between supportive psychosocial work environment, and professional and organizational characteristics regarding quality improvement initiatives in dementia care. Methods : A paper questionnaire survey was administered to a convenience sample of 365 professional caregivers in 12 special nursing homes in Japan. Psychosocial work environment was assessed using the Social Capital and Ethical Climate at the Workplace Scale to calculate a score of social capital in the workplace, ethical leadership, and exclusive workplace climate...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738489/the-role-of-adult-day-services-in-supporting-the-occupational-participation-of-people-with-dementia-and-their-carers-an-integrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Janice Du Preez, Jeannine Millsteed, Ruth Marquis, Janet Richmond
The increasing numbers of people with dementia places considerable stress on health and aged care services and has resulted in the development of community adult day services. Aim : The aim of this integrative review is to determine the extent to which these services support the occupational participation of people with dementia, and how they impact their primary carers. Method : The mixed-methods appraisal tool (MMAT) was used to identify relevant studies in the period 2011⁻2016. Results : Nine databases were searched and yielded 16 articles with a variety of research designs for inclusion in the review...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735931/the-delivery-of-health-promotion-and-environmental-health-services-public-health-or-primary-care-settings
#8
Lene Bjørn Jensen, Irena Lukic, Gabriel Gulis
The WHO Regional Office for Europe developed a set of public health functions resulting in the ten Essential Public Health Operations (EPHO). Public health or primary care settings seem to be favorable to embrace all actions included into EPHOs. The presented paper aims to guide readers on how to assign individual health promotion and environmental health services to public health or primary care settings. Survey tools were developed based on EPHO 2, 3 and 4; there were six key informant surveys out of 18 contacted completed via e-mails by informants working in Denmark on health promotion and five face-to-face interviews were conducted in Australia (Melbourne and Victoria state) with experts from environmental health, public health and a physician...
May 7, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735892/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-the-aging-mastery-program
#9
Lisa Ferretti, Philip McCallion, Emily McDonald, Hayoung Kye, Angelica Hererra-Vensom, James Firman
Background : Successful aging is best determined by active management and self-determination of one’s aging roadmap. Some individuals are ready to respond to these challenges, others may benefit from assistance that might be offered through an evidence-based intervention. The Aging Mastery Program® (AMP) has been developed to meet these needs. Method : In a cross over design the intervention was tested in ten senior centers and aging network agencies looking at impacts upon general health and quality of life, patient activation, physical activity and advanced care planning...
May 7, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734688/skin-protective-nutraceuticals-the-current-evidence-in-brief
#10
Oroma Nwanodi
Nutraceuticals are important for healthy skin maintenance. Probiotics, phenolics, and vitamins are just a few of the nutraceuticals meant to potentially prevent and assist medical management of dermatologic conditions. Among these, probiotics, vitamin E, and green tea catechins may offer the broadest array of skin protective mechanisms with probiotics having the greatest clinical range. Probiotics’ amelioration of atopic dermatitis and opportunistic infections of skin burns has been targeted in recent research efforts...
May 4, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724054/a-targeted-and-tailored-ehealth-weight-loss-program-for-young-women-the-be-positive-be-health-e-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Melinda J Hutchesson, Robin Callister, Philip J Morgan, Ilung Pranata, Erin D Clarke, Geoff Skinner, Lee M Ashton, Megan C Whatnall, Mark Jones, Christopher Oldmeadow, Clare E Collins
Young women are gaining weight rapidly. Evidence for effective weight loss interventions targeting young women is lacking. This randomized controlled trial assessed the efficacy and acceptability of a six-month targeted and tailored eHealth weight loss program for young women (Be Positive Be Health e (BPBH)). Women aged 18⁻35 years were randomized to BPBH ( n = 29) or control ( n = 28). BPBH supported participants to modify diet and physical activity behaviours using evidenced-based strategies (e.g., self-monitoring) tailored for young women and delivered using e-health (website, social media, smartphone application, email, text messages)...
May 2, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693592/ethnic-variations-in-psychosocial-and-health-correlates-of-eating-disorders
#12
Shervin Assari, Mariana R DeFreitas
The aim of this study is to explore ethnic variations in psychosocial and health correlates of eating disorders in the United States, Specifically, we compared associations between gender, socioeconomic status (SES), body mass index (BMI), physical and mental self-rated health (SRH), and major depressive disorder (MDD) with eating disorders (EDs) across 10 different ethnic groups in the United States. Data was obtained from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), a national household probability sample collected in 2001⁻2003...
April 25, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690595/high-income-protects-whites-but-not-african-americans-against-risk-of-depression
#13
Shervin Assari
Background: Built on the Blacks’ diminished return theory, defined as smaller effects of socioeconomic status (SES) on a wide range of health outcomes for African Americans compared to Whites, the current study compared African Americans and Whites for the association between household income and risk of lifetime, 12-month, and 30-day major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: For the current cross-sectional study, we used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001⁻2003...
April 23, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690578/depressive-symptoms-increase-the-risk-of-mortality-for-white-but-not-black-older-adults
#14
Shervin Assari
Introduction. Long-term studies have shown that depressive symptoms predict the risk of mortality. However, it is unknown if this effect is present in shorter time intervals. In addition, recent research suggests that the salience of the negative affect on the risk of mortality is not similar across racial groups. The current study uses data from a national study of Black and White older adults to examine racial differences in the effect of baseline depressive symptoms on mortality risk over three years in the United States...
April 23, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690546/a-rationale-for-music-training-to-enhance-executive-functions-in-parkinson-s-disease-an-overview-of-the-problem
#15
Teresa Lesiuk, Jennifer A Bugos, Brea Murakami
Music listening interventions such as Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation can improve mobility, balance, and gait in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). Yet, the impact of music training on executive functions is not yet known. Deficits in executive functions (e.g., attention, processing speed) in patients with PD result in gait interference, deficits in emotional processing, loss of functional capacity (e.g., intellectual activity, social participation), and reduced quality of life. The model of temporal prediction and timing suggests two networks collectively contribute to movement generation and execution: the basal ganglia-thalamocortical network (BGTC) and the cerebellar-thalamocortical network (CTC)...
April 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659546/physical-activity-on-prescription-with-counsellor-support-a-4-year-registry-based-study-in-routine-health-care-in-sweden
#16
Pia Andersen, Sara Holmberg, Lena Lendahls, Per Nilsen, Margareta Kristenson
Background : Public health gains from physical activity on prescription (PAP) depend on uptake in routine care. We performed an evaluation of the implementation, in a Swedish county council, of counsellors who give personalized support to PAP recipients aimed at facilitating PAP delivery. The aim was to compare characteristics between PAP recipients and the health care population as well as between PAP recipients who used and did not use counsellor support. We also investigated professional belonging and health care setting of health care professionals who prescribed PAP...
April 16, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662016/persistent-borrelia-infection-in-patients-with-ongoing-symptoms-of-lyme-disease
#17
Marianne J Middelveen, Eva Sapi, Jennie Burke, Katherine R Filush, Agustin Franco, Melissa C Fesler, Raphael B Stricker
INTRODUCTION: Lyme disease is a tickborne illness that generates controversy among medical providers and researchers. One of the key topics of debate is the existence of persistent infection with the Lyme spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi , in patients who have been treated with recommended doses of antibiotics yet remain symptomatic. Persistent spirochetal infection despite antibiotic therapy has recently been demonstrated in non-human primates. We present evidence of persistent Borrelia infection despite antibiotic therapy in patients with ongoing Lyme disease symptoms...
April 14, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614825/associations-between-parents-health-literacy-and-sleeping-hours-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Hiroto Ogi, Daisuke Nakamura, Masato Ogawa, Teruhiko Nakamura, Kazuhiro P Izawa
BACKGROUND: Sleep in preschool children is an important factor for their health and active lives. The lack of adequate sleep in preschool children is a serious public problem in Japan. The relationship between health literacy (HL) and health status is well recognized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the sleep duration of preschool children and the HL of their parents. METHODS: In the present study, participants were preschool children (3-6 years) and their parents...
April 2, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597247/home-hospitalization-for-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-opportunities-and-strategies-for-improved-health-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Konstantinos V Voudris, Marc A Silver
IMPORTANCE: Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of hospitalization among patients over the age of 65 in the United States and developed countries, posing a significant economic burden to the health care systems. More than half of the patients with HF will be readmitted to the hospital within 6 months from discharge, leading not only to increased health care related expenses but also functional decline, iatrogenic injuries and in-hospital infections. With the increasing prevalence of HF, there is a substantial need for innovative delivery care models that can provide hospital level of care at a patient's home...
March 28, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597246/importance-of-patient-provider-communication-to-adherence-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
Niral J Patel, Karishma A Datye, Sarah S Jaser
Effective communication between pediatric diabetes patients and their providers has the potential to enhance patient satisfaction and health outcomes, as well as improve diabetes-related self-management. In this review, we highlight the importance of communication between patients and providers, focusing on the effect of communication on adherence in the high-risk population of adolescents with type 1 diabetes. We synthesize the literature describing patient-provider communication in pediatric populations and provide implications for practice that focus on the most relevant, modifiable factors for improving self-management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes...
March 28, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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