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Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583307/formative-research-to-develop-a-lifestyle-application-app-for-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Selina A Smith, Mary S Whitehead, Joyce Q Sheats, Brittney Fontenot, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Benjamin Ansa
BACKGROUND: There is a proliferation of lifestyle-oriented mobile technologies; however, few have targeted users. Through intervention mapping, investigators and community partners completed Steps 1-3 (needs assessment, formulation of change objectives, and selection of theory-based methods) of a process to develop a mobile cancer prevention application (app) for cancer prevention. The aim of this qualitative study was to complete Step 4 (intervention development) by eliciting input from African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCSs) to guide app development...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563692/engaging-african-americans-in-developing-an-intervention-to-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence-a-brief-report
#2
Selina A Smith, Mary S Whitehead, Joyce Q Sheats, Brittney Fontenot, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Benjamin Ansa
BACKGROUND: To develop a culturally appropriate lifestyle intervention, involvement of its intended users is needed. METHODS: Members of an African American (AA) breast cancer support group participated in two 4-hour guided discussions, which were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed to guide the content. RESULTS: The support group collaborated with researchers to develop 24 experiential nutrition education sessions using a social cognitive framework and incorporating self-regulation skills (goal-setting, self-monitoring, problem-solving, stimulus control) and social support to enhance self-efficacy for changes in dietary intake...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376159/a-systematic-review-of-lifestyle-interventions-for-chronic-diseases-in-rural-communities
#3
Selina A Smith, Benjamin Ansa
BACKGROUND: Rural Americans suffer disproportionately from lifestyle-related chronic diseases (e.g., obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and breast cancer). Interventions that consider the distinctive characteristics of rural communities (e.g., access to healthcare, income, and education) are needed. As an initial step in planning future research, we completed a systematic review of dietary intake and physical activity interventions targeting rural populations. METHODS: Manuscripts focused on dietary intake and physical activity and published through March 15, 2016, were identified by use of PubMed and CINAHL databases and MeSH terms and keyword searches...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331199/growing-fit-georgia-s-model-for-engaging-early-care-environments-in-preventing-childhood-obesity
#4
Kelsey McDavid, Catalina Piedrahita, Patricia Hashima, Emily Anne Vall, Christi Kay, Jean O'Connor
BACKGROUND: In the United States, one in three children is overweight or obese by their fifth birthday. In Georgia, 35 percent of children are overweight or obese. Contrary to popular belief, children who are overweight or obese are likely to be the same weight status as adults, making early childhood an essential time to address weight status. An estimated 380,000 Georgia children attend early care and education environments, such as licensed child care centers, Head Start, and pre-kindergarten programs, which provide an opportunity to reach large numbers of children, including those at risk for obesity and overweight...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275021/context-matters-a-community-based-study-of-urban-minority-parents-views-on-child-health
#5
Cassandra L Bolar, Natalie Hernandez, Tabia Henry Akintobi, Calvin McAllister, Aneeqah S Ferguson, Latrice Rollins, Glenda Wrenn, Martha Okafor, David Collins, Thomas Clem
BACKGROUND: Among children, there are substantial ethno-racial minority disparities across a broad range of health-related behaviors, experiences, and outcomes. Addressing these disparities is important, as childhood and adolescence establish health trajectories that extend throughout life. METHODS: The current study employed a community-based participatory research approach to gain community insight on child health priorities and to frame an intervention aimed at improving the health of minority children...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034994/the-need-for-culturally-tailored-smartphone-applications-for-weight-control
#6
Steven S Coughlin, Dale Hardy, Lee S Caplan
BACKGROUND: Approximately 35% of U.S. adults are obese, and this rate is expected to increase by almost 50% by 2030. New media such as smartphone applications (apps) provide a useful and low-cost way to disseminate weight control information. For many culturally distinctive population subgroups, however, there is currently an absence of research-tested smartphone apps for weight control. METHODS: In this commentary, we highlight the need for culturally tailored smartphone apps for weight control and offer recommendations for further research by providing two specific examples: 1) the characteristic dietary patterns and absence of smartphone apps for weight loss for Hispanic Americans, in English and Spanish, and 2) and need for smartphone apps for weight loss for Brazilian Americans, including those who speak Portuguese...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034993/a-review-of-community-based-participatory-research-studies-to-promote-physical-activity-among-african-americans
#7
Steven S Coughlin, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: As part of the planning process for new research, the literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches for promoting physical activity in African American communities was systematically reviewed. METHODS: Studies published through October 31, 2015 that employed CBPR methods were identified using PubMed and CINAHL databases and MeSH terms and keyword searches. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies met the search criteria...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019873/factors-associated-with-body-mass-index-among-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors
#8
Selina A Smith, Mechelle D Claridy, Mary S Whitehead, Joyce Q Sheats, Wonsuk Yoo, Ernest Alema-Mensah, Benjamin E Ansa, Ronald L Braithwaite
BACKGROUND: Weight gain after diagnosis and treatment is common among breast cancer survivors (BCSs). Little information exists regarding associations between body mass index (BMI) and lifestyle factors and health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) among African American (AA) BCSs. The present study sought to determine associations between BMI, dietary intake, and physical activity as lifestyle modification strategies and HR-QoL among AA BCSs. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, a lifestyle assessment tool was administered to 195 AA BCSs...
2016: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835519/86-th-annual-georgia-public-health-association-meeting-conference-report
#9
Selina A Smith, Regina Abbott, Christy Sims
The 86(th) annual meeting of the Georgia Public Health Association (GPHA) and joint conference with the Southern Health Association was held in Atlanta, Georgia, on April 13-14, 2015, with pre-conference (April 12(th)) and post-conference (April 14(th)) Executive Board meetings. As Georgia's leading forum for public health researchers, practitioners, and students, the annual meeting of the GPHA brings together participants from across the state to explore recent developments in the field and to exchange techniques, tools, and experiences...
2015: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26819972/promoting-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-haitian-americans
#10
Steven S Coughlin, Erica I Lubetkin, Jennifer L Hay, Renald Raphael, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined colorectal cancer screening among Haitian Americans, although striking disparities in colorectal cancer screening and mortality are well-documented among U.S. Blacks. Race, socioeconomic status, and place of birth are factors associated with colorectal cancer incidence and mortality patterns. METHODS: In this article, we summarize published studies on colorectal cancer screening among Haitian Americans, identified through bibliographic searches in PubMed and CINAHL through August 2015, and offer recommendations for further research...
2015: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345719/legislative-smoking-bans-for-reducing-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-and-smoking-prevalence-opportunities-for-georgians
#11
Steven S Coughlin, Jennifer Anderson, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: Secondhand smoke, which is also referred to as environmental tobacco smoke and passive smoke, is a known human carcinogen. Secondhand smoke also causes disease and premature death in nonsmoking adults and children. METHODS: We summarize studies of secondhand smoke in public places before and after smoking bans, as well as studies of cardiovascular and respiratory disease before and after such bans. RESULTS: To protect the public from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke, smoke-free legislation is an effective public health measure...
2015: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26336654/trends-in-cancer-incidence-rates-in-georgia-1982-2011
#12
Wonsuk Yoo, Steven S Coughlin, James W Lillard
BACKGROUND: Although data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End results (SEER)-affiliated cancer registry are accessible to the public, there is a shortage of published research describing cancer incidences for White, Black, and other residents in Georgia. The objective of this research is to provide an overview of the trends in incidence of cancer in Georgia. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 9 program, supported by the National Cancer Institute, spanning the years 1982 to 2011...
2015: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26336653/community-based-participatory-research-principles-for-the-african-american-community
#13
Selina A Smith, Mary S Whitehead, Joyce Q Sheats, Benjamin E Ansa, Steven S Coughlin, Daniel S Blumenthal
BACKGROUND: Numerous sets of principles have been developed to guide the conduct of community-based participatory research (CBPR). However, they tend to be written in language that is most appropriate for academics and other research professionals; they may not help lay people from the community understand CBPR. METHODS: Many community members of the National Black Leadership Initiative on Cancer assisting with the Educational Program to Increase Colorectal Cancer Screening (EPICS) had little understanding of CBPR...
2015: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
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