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Journal of Veterinary Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540363/body-weight-and-scrotal-testicular-biometry-in-three-indigenous-breeds-of-bucks-in-arid-and-semiarid-agroecologies-ethiopia
#1
Amare Eshetu Gemeda, Kefelegn Workalemahu
The body weight and testicular and epididymal parameters of Afar, Long-eared Somali (LES), and Woyto-Guji (WG) breeds of goat were investigated. A total of 405 randomly selected bucks of Afar (n = 135), Long-eared Somali (n = 135), and Woyto-Guji (n = 135) were included in this study. The overall mean scrotal circumference (SC), testicular volume (TV), testicular length (TL), testicular weight (TW), body weight (BW), epididymal weight (EW), body condition score, and testicular diameter (TD) measurements in all bucks were 20...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492060/subcutaneous-implants-of-a-cholesterol-triglyceride-buprenorphine-suspension-in-rats
#2
M Guarnieri, C Brayton, R Sarabia-Estrada, B Tyler, P McKnight, L DeTolla
A Target Animal Safety protocol was used to examine adverse events in male and female Fischer F344/NTac rats treated with increasing doses of a subcutaneous implant of a lipid suspension of buprenorphine. A single injection of 0.65 mg/kg afforded clinically significant blood levels of drug for 3 days. Chemistry, hematology, coagulation, and urinalysis values with 2- to 10-fold excess doses of the drug-lipid suspension were within normal limits. Histopathology findings were unremarkable. The skin and underlying tissue surrounding the drug injection were unremarkable...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386583/the-demographics-of-canine-hip-dysplasia-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#3
Randall T Loder, Rory J Todhunter
Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is a common problem in veterinary medicine. We report the demographics of CHD using the entire hip dysplasia registry from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, analyzing differences by breed, sex, laterality, seasonal variation in birth, and latitude. There were 921,046 unique records. Each dog was classified using the American Kennel Club (AKC) and Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) systems. Statistical analysis was performed with bivariate and logistic regression procedures...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352648/prevalence-and-bacterial-isolates-of-mastitis-in-dairy-farms-in-selected-districts-of-eastern-harrarghe-zone-eastern-ethiopia
#4
Tesfaheywet Zeryehun, Gerema Abera
The study was conducted from November 2015 to April 2016 to estimate the prevalence of clinical and subclinical mastitis in lactating cows, to assess the associated risk factors, and to isolate the major bacterial pathogens in dairy farms in selected district of Eastern Harrarghe Zone, Eastern Ethiopia. The study was carried out in 384 dairy cows based on data collection, farm visit, animal examination, California mastitis test (CMT), and isolation bacterial pathogens using standard techniques. In the present study the overall mastitis at cow level was 247 (64...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349121/cloacael-carriage-and-multidrug-resistance-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-from-poultry-farms-eastern-ethiopia
#5
Mude Shecho, Naod Thomas, Jelalu Kemal, Yimer Muktar
A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine antimicrobial drug resistance patterns of E. coli O157:H7 isolates and estimate the level of the pathogen. A total of 194 cloacae swab samples were collected randomly in two poultry farms. Standard cultural, biochemical, and serological (latex agglutination) methods were used to isolate E. coli O157:H7. The isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing using disc diffusion method. Out of 194 cloacae samples examined, 13.4% (n = 26) were found to be positive for E...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243629/serological-screening-suggests-extensive-presence-of-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-and-mycoplasma-synoviae-in-backyard-chickens-in-southern-mozambique
#6
Augusto Messa Júnior, Paula Taunde, Ana Felicidade Zandamela, Alberto Pondja Junior, Abel Chilundo, Rosa Costa, Custódio Gabriel Bila
A total of 459 serum samples from unvaccinated backyard chickens originating from 4 villages in Mandlakazi district, Southern Mozambique, were tested for the presence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae antibodies through commercial enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay [ELISA] kits. Anti-MG and anti-MS antibodies were detected in all villages surveyed and the overall seroprevalence was 48.8% [95% CI 39.1-57.8] and 84.5% [95% CI 76.8-90.4], respectively. The risk of being seropositive for both diseases was higher [P < 0...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105466/infestation-and-identification-of-ixodid-tick-in-cattle-the-case-of-arbegona-district-southern-ethiopia
#7
Jelalu Kemal, Nateneal Tamerat, Temesgen Tuluka
The study was conducted from October 2014 to June 2015 to estimate tick prevalence and identify major tick genera infesting cattle and the associated risk factors in Arbegona district, southern Ethiopia. A total of 2024 adult ticks were collected from main body parts of animals and eight species of ticks which belong to three genera were identified. Questionnaire survey was employed concerning the general case on the tick infestation problems on the cattle. From 384 cattle examined, 291 (75.7%) were found to be infested with one or more types of tick species...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990463/occurrence-of-ticks-in-cattle-in-the-new-pastoral-farming-areas-in-rufiji-district-tanzania
#8
Kamilius A Mamiro, Henry B Magwisha, Elpidius J Rukambile, Martin R Ruheta, Expery J Kimboka, Deusdedit J Malulu, Imna I Malele
Ticks and tick-borne diseases plus trypanosomosis are a constraint to cattle rearing in Tanzania. Rufiji district was not known for important ticks infesting cattle because inhabitants were not engaged in keeping livestock. Not only has settlement of pastoralists and cattle in Rufiji increased the number of cattle but also cattle have been the source of bringing in and spreading of ticks. This study investigated tick species that have been introduced and managed to establish themselves in the new livestock farming areas in cattle in Rufiji...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699205/seroprevalence-of-canine-parvovirus-in-dogs-in-lusaka-district-zambia
#9
Ngonda Saasa, King Shimumbo Nalubamba, Ethel M'kandawire, Joyce Siwila
Canine parvovirus (CPV) enteritis is a highly contagious enteric disease of young dogs. Limited studies have been done in Zambia to investigate the prevalence of CPV in dogs. Blood was collected from dogs from three veterinary clinics (clinic samples, n = 174) and one township of Lusaka (field samples, n = 56). Each dog's age, sex, breed, and vaccination status were recorded. A haemagglutination assay using pig erythrocytes and modified live parvovirus vaccine as the antigen was used. Antibodies to CPV were detected in 100% of dogs (unvaccinated or vaccinated)...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597990/outbreaks-of-virulent-infectious-bursal-disease-in-flocks-of-battery-cage-brooding-system-of-commercial-chickens
#10
H B Aliyu, L Sa'idu, A Jamilu, A D Andamin, S O Akpavie
Clinical and pathological investigations were conducted on outbreaks of infectious bursal disease (IBD) in pullets under brooding using the battery cage system in a commercial poultry farm in Kaduna, Nigeria. Two consecutive outbreaks of IBD on the same farm were studied. The onset of the disease and morbidity and mortality rates were recorded. Postmortem examinations were conducted and gross lesions recorded. Tissues were collected and fixed in 10% buffered formalin and processed for histopathological examinations...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403455/goniometry-and-limb-girth-in-miniature-dachshunds
#11
Stephanie A Thomovsky, Annie V Chen, Alecia M Kiszonas, Lori A Lutskas
Purpose. To report the mean and median pelvic limb joint angles and girth measurements in miniature Dachshunds presenting with varying degrees of pelvic limb weakness secondary to thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion. Methods. 15 miniature Dachshunds who presented to WSU-VTH for thoracolumbar disc extrusion. Dachshunds varied in neurologic status from ambulatory paraparetic to paraplegic at the time of measurements. Results. There were no significant differences in joint angles or girth among the three groups (ambulatory paraparetic, nonambulatory paraparetic, or paraplegic) (P > 0...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051860/anthropozoonotic-endoparasites-in-free-ranging-urban-south-american-sea-lions-otaria-flavescens
#12
Carlos Hermosilla, Liliana M R Silva, Mauricio Navarro, Anja Taubert
The present study represents the first report on the gastrointestinal endoparasite fauna of a free-ranging "urban" colony of South American sea lions (Otaria flavescens) living within the city of Valdivia, Chile. A total of 40 individual faecal samples of South American sea lions were collected during the year 2012 within their natural habitat along the river Calle-Calle and in the local fish market of Valdivia. Coprological analyses applying sodium acetate acetic formalin methanol (SAF) technique, carbol fuchsin-stained faecal smears and Giardia/Cryptosporidium coproantigen ELISAs, revealed infections with 8 different parasites belonging to protozoan and metazoan taxa with some of them bearing anthropozoonotic potential...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006979/tamoxifen-promotes-axonal-preservation-and-gait-locomotion-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-cats
#13
Braniff de la Torre Valdovinos, Judith Marcela Duenas Jimenez, Ismael Jimenez Estrada, Jacinto Banuelos Pineda, Nancy Elizabeth Franco Rodriguez, Jose Roberto Lopez Ruiz, Laura Paulina Osuna Carrasco, Ahiezer Candanedo Arellano, Sergio Horacio Duenas Jimenez
We performed experiments in cats with a spinal cord penetrating hemisection at T13-L1 level, with and without tamoxifen treatment. The results showed that the numbers of the ipsilateral and contralateral ventral horn neurons were reduced to less than half in the nontreated animals compared with the treated ones. Also, axons myelin sheet was preserved to almost normal values in treated cats. On the contrary, in the untreated animals, their myelin sheet was reduced to 28% at 30 days after injury (DAI), in both the ipsilateral and contralateral regions of the spinal cord...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933674/comment-on-epidemiological-survey-on-porcine-cysticercosis-in-nay-pyi-taw-area-myanmar
#14
Maria Teresa Galán-Puchades, Màrius Vicent Fuentes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904751/corrigendum-to-influence-of-a-diester-glucocorticoid-spray-on-the-cortisol-level-and-the-ccr4-cd4-lymphocytes-in-dogs-with-atopic-dermatitis-open-study
#15
Masato Fujimura, Hironobu Ishimaru
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/492735.].
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881274/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-animal-source-salmonella-heidelberg-isolates
#16
Kristin A Clothier, Barbara A Byrne
Salmonella enterica serotype Heidelberg (S. Heidelberg) is frequently implicated in human foodborne Salmonella infections and often produces more severe clinical disease than other serotypes. Livestock and poultry products represent a potential risk for transmission to humans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate 49 S. Heidelberg veterinary isolates for exponential growth rate (EGR), PFGE pattern, and antimicrobial resistance to evaluate these parameters as mechanisms by which S. Heidelberg emerged as a virulent foodborne pathogen...
2016: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464955/detection-of-mycobacterium-bovis-in-organs-of-slaughtered-cattle-by-dna-based-polymerase-chain-reaction-and-ziehl-neelsen-techniques-in-bauchi-state-nigeria
#17
A S Sa'idu, E C Okolocha, A A Dzikwi, J K P Kwaga, A A Gamawa, A Usman, S A Maigari, S Ibrahim
Bovine tuberculosis is a chronic, infectious, and contagious zoonotic disease of domestic animals, wild animals, and humans. It also poses a public health threat and economic losses. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in slaughtered cattle, based on PM meat inspection, Ziehl-Neelsen staining, and PCR techniques in Bauchi State, Nigeria. A Prospective study was conducted on 800 cattle slaughtered in the three Zonal abattoirs of Bauchi State, Nigeria. One hundred and twenty (15%) tissues from different organs had suspected bTB lesions at PM...
2015: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464954/public-health-implications-and-risk-factors-assessment-of-mycobacterium-bovis-infections-among-abattoir-personnel-in-bauchi-state-nigeria
#18
A S Sa'idu, E C Okolocha, A A Dzikwi, A A Gamawa, S Ibrahim, J K P Kwaga, A Usman, S A Maigari
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious and contagious zoonotic disease of domestic animals, wild animals, and humans. It poses a public health threat and economic losses due to abattoir condemnation of infected carcasses during meat inspection of slaughtered animals. Bovine tuberculosis is widespread in Africa including Nigeria affecting both cattle and humans, particularly Northern Nigeria. A prospective survey was conducted from June to August 2013 in the three Zonal abattoirs of Bauchi State, Nigeria...
2015: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464953/participatory-epidemiology-of-ethnoveterinary-practices-fulani-pastoralists-used-to-manage-contagious-bovine-pleuropneumonia-and-other-cattle-ailments-in-niger-state-nigeria
#19
N B Alhaji, O O Babalobi
Ethnoveterinary practices are locally available and affordable to Fulani pastoralists in Niger State, Nigeria, to whom conventional veterinary services are often not readily available and are relatively expensive. This study was designed to identify and document medicinal plant and nonplant materials used by this group in the management of cattle diseases. Participatory rural appraisal tools of checklist, semistructured interview, probing, transect, and triangulations were used to assess Fulani pastoralists existing knowledge on traditional veterinary practices in nine pastoral communities spread across the state...
2015: Journal of veterinary medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26464952/an-antioxidant-dietary-supplement-improves-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-serum-of-aged-dogs-preliminary-results
#20
Sara Sechi, Francesca Chiavolelli, Nicoletta Spissu, Alessandro Di Cerbo, Sergio Canello, Gianandrea Guidetti, Filippo Fiore, Raffaella Cocco
Biological aging is characterized by a progressive accumulation of oxidative damage and decreased endogenous antioxidant defense mechanisms. The production of oxidants by normal metabolism damages proteins, lipids, and nucleotides, which may contribute to cognitive impairment. In this study 36 dogs were randomly divided into four groups and fed croquettes of different compositions for 6 months. We monitored derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites (dROMs) and biological antioxidant potential (BAP) levels in dogs' plasma samples as well as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) serum levels at the beginning and at the end of the dietary regime...
2015: Journal of veterinary medicine
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