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Journal of Veterinary Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159337/phylogenetic-groups-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-of-escherichia-coli-from-healthy-chicken-in-eastern-and-central-uganda
#1
Winston Kabiswa, Ann Nanteza, Gabriel Tumwine, Samuel Majalija
Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging problem in both humans and animals due to misuse and excessive use of drugs. Resistance in commensal E. coli isolates can be used to predict emergence of resistance in other gut microflora. The aim of this study is to determine the phylogenetic groups and antimicrobial resistance patterns of E. coli from healthy chickens in Uganda. The phylogenetic grouping of 120 fecal E. coli isolates from eastern and central Uganda was derived using the triplex PCR assay and their susceptibility patterns determined by agar disc diffusion method to 5 antimicrobial drugs...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159336/serological-and-molecular-surveillance-of-infectious-bronchitis-virus-infection-in-free-range-chickens-and-guinea-fowls-in-the-ga-east-district-of-ghana
#2
Matilda Ayim-Akonor, Doreen Dela Owusu-Ntumy, Hilda Emefa Ohene-Asa, Agyekum Oduro-Abrokwa, Patricia Hammond, Michael Appenteng, Daniel Annan
Infectious bronchitis is an economically important disease with worldwide distribution. Information is available on the presence of infectious bronchitis virus in commercial chicken in parts of Ghana but there is no information on free-range poultry and guinea fowls in the country. Possible IBV infections among free-range chickens and guinea fowls in Abokobi and Frafraha communities in the Ga-East district of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana were investigated using serology and PCR. Blood, tracheal, and cloacal swabs were obtained from 219 free-range chickens and guinea fowls with no respiratory symptoms and no history of IBV vaccination...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159335/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-lower-motor-neuron-disease-in-australian-dogs-and-cats
#3
REVIEW
A M Herndon, A T Thompson, C Mack
Diseases presenting with lower motor neuron (LMN) signs are frequently seen in small animal veterinary practice in Australia. In addition to the most common causes of LMN disease seen world-wide, such as idiopathic polyradiculoneuritis and myasthenia gravis, there are several conditions presenting with LMN signs that are peculiar to the continent of Australia. These include snake envenomation by tiger ( Notechis spp.), brown ( Pseudonaja spp.), and black snakes ( Pseudechis spp.), tick paralysis associated with Ixodes holocyclus and Ixodes coronatus , and tetrodotoxins from marine animals such as puffer fish (Tetraodontidae spp...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30112418/a-long-term-study-of-a-lipid-buprenorphine-implant-in-rats
#4
Michael Guarnieri, Cory Brayton, Betty M Tyler
Animal models to study opiates are of growing interest. We have examined the short-term safety of buprenorphine implants in Fischer F344/NTac rats treated with excess doses of a cholesterol-triglyceride suspension of buprenorphine. A single injection of 0.65 mg/kg afforded clinically significant blood levels of analgesia for 3 days. Chemistry, hematology, coagulation, and urinalysis values with 2- to 10-fold excess doses of the drug-lipid suspension were within normal limits. Histopathology findings were unremarkable...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30073175/comparative-seroepidemiological-study-of-brucellosis-in-sheep-under-smallholder-farming-and-governmental-breeding-ranches-of-central-and-north-east-ethiopia
#5
Shimeles Abegaz Addis, Andualem Yimer Desalegn
This cross-sectional study was carried out to investigate the status of brucellosis in sheep management under extensive smallholder farming and intensively in governmental breeding ranches in six districts selected from three administrative zones. Using multistage sampling, serum samples of 2409 sheep from 274 flocks were collected and tested using the Rose Bengal Plate Agglutination Test (RBPT) and positive sera were confirmed using a Complement Fixation Test (CFT). Of all animals tested, 4.98% were RBPT positive, and after confirmation with CFT, the overall animal-level prevalence was found to be 4...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050953/seroprevalence-and-virus-activity-of-rift-valley-fever-in-cattle-in-eastern-region-of-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#6
Tshilenge M Georges, Masumu Justin, Mbao Victor, Kayembe Jean Marie, Rweyemamu Mark, Mulumba Mfumu K Léopold
Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic disease that is characterized by periodic and severe outbreaks in humans and animals. Published information on the occurrence of RVF in domestic animals is very scarce in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). To assess possible circulation of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in cattle in the eastern province of DRC, 450 sera collected from cattle in North Kivu, South Kivu, and Ituri provinces were analyzed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), for the detection of viral Immunoglobulin (Ig) G and M, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), for detection of viral RVF RNA...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854826/suspected-lonely-mouse-syndrome-as-a-cage-effect-in-a-drug-safety-study
#7
Xiaobu Ye, MariaLisa Itzoe, Rachel Sarabia-Estrada, Louis DeTolla, Betty M Tyler, Michael Guarnieri
Studies have demonstrated that buprenorphine, a front line drug for veterinary analgesia, may alleviate symptoms of chronic pain. A cage side observation protocol was used to record behavioral signs in a mouse clinical trial of extended release buprenorphine. A retrospective review of the observations for signs of pain and stress revealed that mice given a fivefold overdose of buprenorphine (16.25 mg/kg) showed lethargy and facial signs associated with stress. However, similar signs were observed in the drug-free control mice as early as Day 3 of single-cage housing...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682585/occurrences-of-indigestible-foreign-bodies-in-cattle-slaughtered-at-morogoro-municipal-slaughterhouse-tanzania
#8
S F Bwatota, M Makungu, H E Nonga
A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the occurrence of indigestible foreign bodies (IFB) in cattle slaughtered at Morogoro Municipal Slaughterhouse, Tanzania. A total of 387 slaughter cattle were examined for presence of IFB. Out of 387 examined cattle, 93 (24.03%) had IFB in their forestomachs. The observed IFB were plastic bags, fruit seeds, clothing materials, ropes, hairballs, leather materials, stones, metallic nails, and wire. Plastic bags were the most frequently (50.5%) observed IFB followed by fruit seeds (18...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666822/accuracy-and-precision-of-a-veterinary-neuronavigation-system-for-radiation-oncology-positioning
#9
Isabelle F Vanhaezebrouck, Elizabeth A Ballegeer, Stephen Frey, Rob Sieffert
Conformal radiation treatment plans such as IMRT and other radiosurgery techniques require very precise patient positioning, typically within a millimeter of error for best results. CT cone beam, real-time navigation, and infrared position sensors are potential options for success but rarely present in veterinary radiation centers. A neuronavigation system (Brainsight Vet, Rogue Research) was tested 22 times on a skull for positioning accuracy and precision analysis. The first 6 manipulations allowed the authors to become familiar with the system but were still included in the analyses...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666821/probiotics-for-the-control-of-helminth-zoonosis
#10
REVIEW
Abadi Amare Reda
This paper is a comprehensive, concise, and an up to date review about probiotics effect and mechanisms against helminth infections of zoonotic importance. Zoonoses are diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans in a reversible way. Despite zoonotic helminth diseases being still a challenge to the public health and the agriculture industries globally, they were still neglected in both human and veterinary medicine. Moreover, the increasing emergence of anthelmintic drug resistance constitutes failures of most disease control strategies, alarming for a quest to new alternative control approaches...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376113/major-gross-lesions-of-lung-in-cattle-slaughtered-at-hawassa-municipal-abattoir-southern-ethiopia
#11
Tesfaheywet Zeryehun, Biruk Alemu
A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017, to estimate the prevalence of major gross lung lesions in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa Municipal Abattoir, southern Ethiopia. A total of 563 male cattle were examined by antemortem examination, while postmortem lung lesions were done using standard inspection procedures. Association between prevalence and the explanatory variables was estimated by way of chi-square/Fischer's exact tests using statistical packages for social science (SPSS) software...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333485/study-of-incidence-of-gross-urogenital-lesions-and-abnormalities-on-does-slaughtered-at-nyagatare-slaughterhouse-eastern-province-rwanda
#12
Borden Mushonga, Sylvine Twiyizeyimna, Gervais Habarugira, Erick Kandiwa, Simbarashe Chinyoka, Alaster Samkange, Alec Bishi
Reproductive and urinary tract abnormalities are a cause of infertility, reproductive inefficiency, and economic losses in goats. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and nature of reproductive and urinary tract abnormalities encountered in female goats slaughtered at Nyagatare abattoir in the Eastern Province of Rwanda. Reproductive and urinary organs from 369 female goat carcasses were opened by incision and then given a thorough macroscopic examination by visually inspecting and palpating for evidence of abnormalities...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181440/influence-of-dexamethasone-on-some-reproductive-hormones-and-uterine-progesterone-receptor-localization-in-pregnant-yankasa-sheep-in-semiarid-zones-of-nigeria
#13
Dauda Yahi, Nicholas Adetayo Ojo, Gideon Dauda Mshelia
Dexamethasone is widely used in both veterinary and human medical practices. However, it seems to cause some deleterious effects on pregnancy probably by causing changes in the reproductive hormone levels and their corresponding receptor concentrations. This study investigated the effects of dexamethasone on these parameters. Twenty healthy adult Yankasa sheep comprising 18 ewes and 2 rams were used for this study. Pregnancies were achieved by natural mating after estrus synchronization. Dexamethasone was administered at 0...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147677/antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-bacteria-isolated-from-the-nasal-cavity-of-camels-in-samburu-nakuru-and-isiolo-counties-of-kenya
#14
J M Mutua, C G Gitao, L C Bebora, F K Mutua
This study was designed to determine antimicrobial resistance profiles of bacteria isolated from the nasal cavity of healthy camels. A total of 255 nasal samples (swabs) were collected in Isiolo, Samburu, and Nakuru counties, Kenya, from which 404 bacterial isolates belonging to various genera and species were recovered. The bacterial isolates included Bacillus (39.60%), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (29.95%), Streptococcus species other than Streptococcus agalactiae (25.74%), coagulase-positive Staphylococcus (3...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138758/vaginoscopy-in-ewes-utilizing-a-laparoscopic-surgical-port-device
#15
Jeremiah Easley, Desiree Shasa, Eileen Hackett
Vaginoscopy allows for diagnostic evaluation and treatment of the vaginal vault. A laparoscopic surgical port device and rigid telescope were utilized for serial vaginoscopy in 8 healthy anesthetized ewes. Vaginoscopy examinations were performed in each ewe at days 1, 14, and 28. This technique was well-tolerated and facilitated carbon dioxide vaginal inflation, complete vaginal examination, identification of the cervix, and targeted biopsy collection. No complications were encountered during or following the vaginoscopy procedures...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900631/single-cell-phosphospecific-flow-cytometric-analysis-of-canine-and-murine-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#16
Harumichi Itoh, Shimpei Nishikawa, Tomoya Haraguchi, Yu Arikawa, Masato Hiyama, Toshie Iseri, Yoshiki Itoh, Munekazu Nakaichi, Yasuho Taura, Kenji Tani, Kazuhito Itamoto
This study aimed to demonstrate single-cell phosphospecific flow cytometric analysis of canine and murine adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ADSCs). ADSCs were obtained from clinically healthy laboratory beagles and C57BL/6 mice. Cell differentiation into adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes was observed for the cultured canine ADSCs (cADSCs) and murine ADSCs (mADSCs) to determine their multipotency. We also performed single-cell phosphospecific flow cytometric analysis related to cell differentiation and stemness...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798952/prevalence-of-subclinical-mastitis-and-distribution-of-pathogens-in-dairy-farms-of-rubavu-and-nyabihu-districts-rwanda
#17
J P Mpatswenumugabo, L C Bebora, G C Gitao, V A Mobegi, B Iraguha, O Kamana, B Shumbusho
A cross-sectional study was conducted from May 2016 to January 2017 in Rubavu and Nyabihu districts, Western Rwanda, aiming at estimating the prevalence of subclinical mastitis (SCM) and identifying its causative bacteria. Management practices and milking procedures were recorded through a questionnaire. 123 crossbreed milking cows from 13 dairy farms were randomly selected and screened for SCM using California Mastitis Test (CMT). Composite CMT positive milk samples were processed for bacterial isolation and identification...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540363/body-weight-and-scrotal-testicular-biometry-in-three-indigenous-breeds-of-bucks-in-arid-and-semiarid-agroecologies-ethiopia
#18
Amare Eshetu Gemeda, Kefelegn Workalemahu
The body weight and testicular and epididymal parameters of Afar, Long-eared Somali (LES), and Woyto-Guji (WG) breeds of goat were investigated. A total of 405 randomly selected bucks of Afar (n = 135), Long-eared Somali (n = 135), and Woyto-Guji (n = 135) were included in this study. The overall mean scrotal circumference (SC), testicular volume (TV), testicular length (TL), testicular weight (TW), body weight (BW), epididymal weight (EW), body condition score, and testicular diameter (TD) measurements in all bucks were 20...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492060/subcutaneous-implants-of-a-cholesterol-triglyceride-buprenorphine-suspension-in-rats
#19
M Guarnieri, C Brayton, R Sarabia-Estrada, B Tyler, P McKnight, L DeTolla
A Target Animal Safety protocol was used to examine adverse events in male and female Fischer F344/NTac rats treated with increasing doses of a subcutaneous implant of a lipid suspension of buprenorphine. A single injection of 0.65 mg/kg afforded clinically significant blood levels of drug for 3 days. Chemistry, hematology, coagulation, and urinalysis values with 2- to 10-fold excess doses of the drug-lipid suspension were within normal limits. Histopathology findings were unremarkable. The skin and underlying tissue surrounding the drug injection were unremarkable...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386583/the-demographics-of-canine-hip-dysplasia-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#20
Randall T Loder, Rory J Todhunter
Canine hip dysplasia (CHD) is a common problem in veterinary medicine. We report the demographics of CHD using the entire hip dysplasia registry from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, analyzing differences by breed, sex, laterality, seasonal variation in birth, and latitude. There were 921,046 unique records. Each dog was classified using the American Kennel Club (AKC) and Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) systems. Statistical analysis was performed with bivariate and logistic regression procedures...
2017: Journal of veterinary medicine
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