Read by QxMD icon Read

Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)

Ulf Scheffler, Kirsten Severing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Molang Cai, Yongzhen Wu, Han Chen, Xudong Yang, Yinghuai Qiang, Liyuan Han
Perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are promising candidates for the next generation of solar cells because they are easy to fabricate and have high power conversion efficiencies. However, there has been no detailed analysis of the cost of PSC modules. We selected two representative examples of PSCs and performed a cost analysis of their productions: one was a moderate-efficiency module produced from cheap materials, and the other was a high-efficiency module produced from expensive materials. The costs of both modules were found to be lower than those of other photovoltaic technologies...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Yihui Zou, Xianfeng Yang, Chunxiao Lv, Tongchao Liu, Yanzhi Xia, Lu Shang, Geoffrey I N Waterhouse, Dongjiang Yang, Tierui Zhang
A simple seaweed biomass conversion strategy is proposed to synthesize highly porous multishelled Ni-rich Li(Ni x Co y Mn z )O2 hollow fibers with very low cation mixing. The low cation mixing results from the cation confinement by the novel "egg-box" structure in the alginate template. These hollow fibers exhibit remarkable energy density, high-rate capacity, and long-term cycling stability when used as cathode material for Li-ion batteries.
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Marcel Braendlein, Thomas Lonjaret, Pierre Leleux, Jean-Michel Badier, George G Malliaras
Organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs) are receiving a great deal of attention as amplifying transducers for electrophysiology. A key limitation of this type of transistors, however, lies in the fact that their output is a current, while most electrophysiology equipment requires a voltage input. A simple circuit is built and modeled that uses a drain resistor to produce a voltage output. It is shown that operating the OECT in the saturation regime provides increased sensitivity while maintaining a linear signal transduction...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Hiroyuki Hayashi, Shota Katayama, Takahiro Komura, Yoyo Hinuma, Tomoyasu Yokoyama, Ko Mibu, Fumiyasu Oba, Isao Tanaka
Daylight-driven photocatalysts have attracted much attention in the context of "green" technology. Although various active materials have been reported and their applications are rapidly increasing, many are discovered after enormous experimental efforts. Herein the discovery of a novel oxide photocatalyst, β-SnMoO4, is demonstrated via a rational search of 3483 known and hypothetical compounds with various compositions and structures over the whole range of SnO-MO q/2 (M: Ti, Zr, and Hf (q = 4); V, Nb, and Ta (q = 5); Cr, Mo, and W (q = 6)) pseudobinary systems...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Hongshuai Hou, Lidong Shao, Yan Zhang, Guoqiang Zou, Jun Chen, Xiaobo Ji
Large-area phosphorus-doped carbon nanosheets (P-CNSs) are first obtained from carbon dots (CDs) through self-assembly driving from thermal treatment with Na catalysis. This is the first time to realize the conversion from 0D CDs to 2D nanosheets doped with phosphorus. The sodium storage behavior of phosphorus-doped carbon material is also investigated for the first time. As anode material for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), P-CNSs exhibit superb performances for electrochemical storage of sodium. When cycled at 0...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Song Bai, Lili Wang, Zhengquan Li, Yujie Xiong
The facet-engineered surface and interface design for photocatalytic materials has been proven as a versatile approach to enhance their photocatalytic performance. This review article encompasses some recent advances in the facet engineering that has been performed to control the surface of mono-component semiconductor systems and to design the surface and interface structures of multi-component heterostructures toward photocatalytic applications. The review begins with some key points which should receive attention in the facet engineering on photocatalytic materials...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Guanjie He, Mo Qiao, Wenyao Li, Yao Lu, Tingting Zhao, Rujia Zou, Bo Li, Jawwad A Darr, Junqing Hu, Maria-Magdalena Titirici, Ivan P Parkin
Metal sulfides are commonly used in energy storage and electrocatalysts due to their redox centers and active sites. Most literature reports show that their performance decreases significantly caused by oxidation in alkaline electrolyte during electrochemical testing. Herein, S and N co-doped graphene-based nickel cobalt sulfide aerogels are synthesized for use as rechargeable alkaline battery electrodes and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts. Notably, this system shows improved cyclability due to the stabilization effect of the S and N co-doped graphene aerogel (SNGA)...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
David Kiefer, Liyang Yu, Erik Fransson, Andrés Gómez, Daniel Primetzhofer, Aram Amassian, Mariano Campoy-Quiles, Christian Müller
Poly(ethylene oxide) is demonstrated to be a suitable matrix polymer for the solution-doped conjugated polymer poly(3-hexylthiophene). The polarity of the insulator combined with carefully chosen processing conditions permits the fabrication of tens of micrometer-thick films that feature a fine distribution of the F4TCNQ dopant:semiconductor complex. Changes in electrical conductivity from 0.1 to 0.3 S cm(-1) and Seebeck coefficient from 100 to 60 μV K(-1) upon addition of the insulator correlate with an increase in doping efficiency from 20% to 40% for heavily doped ternary blends...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Linxian Li, Mark Schmitt, Alexandra Matzke-Ogi, Parvesh Wadhwani, Veronique Orian-Rousseau, Pavel A Levkin
CD44v6 peptide functionalized nanoparticles are fabricated in a facile and controllable way to selectively bind to CD44v6 positive tumor cells with highly efficient anticancer and antimetastatic properties. The reported modular synthesis and facile preparation makes this system highly potent for developing novel multifunctional nanocarriers for therapeutic and/or diagnostic anticancer applications.
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Laipan Zhu, Longfei Wang, Fei Xue, Libo Chen, Jianqiang Fu, Xiaolong Feng, Tianfeng Li, Zhong Lin Wang
The piezo-phototronic effect is about the enhanced separation, transport, and recombination of the photogenerated carriers using the piezoelectric polarization charges present in piezoelectric-semiconductor materials. Here, it is presented that the piezo-phototronic effect can be effectively applied to improve the relative conversion efficiency of a flexible solar cell based on n-ZnO/p-SnS core-shell nanowire array for 37.3% under a moderate vertical pressure. The performance of the solar cell can be effectively enhanced by a gentle bending of the device, showing its potential for application in curly geometries...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Dong Wang, Wei Zhang, Weitao Zheng, Xiaoqiang Cui, Teófilo Rojo, Qiang Zhang
The formation of lithium dendrites induces the notorious safety issue and poor cycling life of energy storage devices, such as lithium-sulfur and lithium-air batteries. We propose a surface energy model to describe the complex interface between the lithium anode and electrolyte. A universal strategy of hindering formation of lithium dendrites via tuning surface energy of the relevant thin film growth is suggested. The merit of the novel motif lies not only fundamentally a perfect correlation between electrochemistry and thin film fields, but also significantly promotes larger-scale application of lithium-sulfur and lithium-air batteries, as well as other metal batteries (e...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Jiali Hao, Guosheng Song, Teng Liu, Xuan Yi, Kai Yang, Liang Cheng, Zhuang Liu
With unique 2D structures and intriguing physicochemical properties, various types of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have attracted much attention in many fields including nanomedicine. Hence, it is of great importance to carefully study the in vivo biodistribution, excretion, and toxicology profiles of different TMDCs, and hopefully to identify the most promising type of TMDCs with low toxicity and fast excretion for further biomedical applications. Herein, the in vivo behaviors of three representative TMDCs including molybdenum dichalcogenides (MoS2), tungsten dichalcogenides (WS2), and titanium dichalcogenides (TiS2) nanosheets are systematically investigated...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Mingzheng Ge, Qingsong Li, Chunyan Cao, Jianying Huang, Shuhui Li, Songnan Zhang, Zhong Chen, Keqin Zhang, Salem S Al-Deyab, Yuekun Lai
Hydrogen production from water splitting by photo/photoelectron-catalytic process is a promising route to solve both fossil fuel depletion and environmental pollution at the same time. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes have attracted much interest due to their large specific surface area and highly ordered structure, which has led to promising potential applications in photocatalytic degradation, photoreduction of CO2, water splitting, supercapacitors, dye-sensitized solar cells, lithium-ion batteries and biomedical devices...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Gurusamy Saravanakumar, Jihoon Kim, Won Jong Kim
Given the increasing evidence indicates that many pathological conditions are associated with elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, there have been growing research efforts focused on the development of ROS-responsive carrier systems because of their promising potential to realize more specific diagnosis and effective therapy. By judicious utilization of ROS-responsive functional moieties, a wide range of carrier systems has been designed for ROS-mediated drug delivery. In this review article, insights into design principle and recent advances on the development of ROS-responsive carrier systems for drug delivery applications are provided alongside discussion of their in vitro and in vivo evaluation...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Dandan Luo, Kevin A Carter, Dyego Miranda, Jonathan F Lovell
Near infrared (NIR) light penetrates human tissues with limited depth, thereby providing a method to safely deliver non-ionizing radiation to well-defined target tissue volumes. Light-based therapies including photodynamic therapy (PDT) and laser-induced thermal therapy have been validated clinically for curative and palliative treatment of solid tumors. However, these monotherapies can suffer from incomplete tumor killing and have not displaced existing ablative modalities. The combination of phototherapy and chemotherapy (chemophototherapy, CPT), when carefully planned, has been shown to be an effective tumor treatment option preclinically and clinically...
January 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Shi Ye, En-Hai Song, Qin-Yuan Zhang
Upconversion (UC) luminescence of lanthanide ions (Ln(3+)) has been extensively investigated for several decades and is a constant research hotspot owing to its fundamental significance and widespread applications. In contrast to the multiple and fixed UC emissions of Ln(3+), transition metal (TM) ions, e.g., Mn(2+), usually possess a single broadband emission due to its 3d(5) electronic configuration. Wavelength-tuneable single UC emission can be achieved in some TM ion-activated systems ascribed to the susceptibility of d electrons to the chemical environment, which is appealing in molecular sensing and lighting...
December 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Junling Chen, Tianzhou Liu, Jing Gao, Lan Gao, Lulu Zhou, Mingjun Cai, Yan Shi, Wenyong Xiong, Junguang Jiang, Ti Tong, Hongda Wang
Carbohydrate alterations on cell membranes are associated with various cancer processes, including tumorigenesis, malignant transformation, and tumor dissemination. However, variations in the distributions of cancer-associated carbohydrates are unclear at the molecular level. Herein, direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy is used to reveal that seven major types of carbohydrates tended to form obvious clusters on cancer cell membranes compared with normal cell membranes (both cultured and primary cells), and most types of carbohydrates present a similar distributed characteristic on various cancer cells (e...
December 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Panke Cheng, Wen Zeng, Li Li, Da Huo, Lingqing Zeng, Ju Tan, Jingting Zhou, Jiansen Sun, Ge Liu, Yanzhao Li, Ge Guan, Yuxin Wang, Chuhong Zhu
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the death of cardiomyocytes caused by a lack of energy due to ischemia. Nutrients supplied by the blood are the main source of cellular energy for cardiomyocytes. Sodium butyrate (NaB), a gastrointestinal nutrient, is a short-chain fatty acid (butyric acid) that may act as an energy source in AMI therapy. Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-Poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) microspheres loaded with NaB (PP-N) are synthesized to prolong the release of NaB and are injected into ischemic zones in a Sprague-Dawley rat AMI model...
December 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Chao Tian, Wei Qian, Xia Shao, Zhixing Xie, Xu Cheng, Shengchun Liu, Qian Cheng, Bing Liu, Xueding Wang
Detection and imaging of single cancer cells is critical for cancer diagnosis and understanding of cellular dynamics. Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) provides a potential tool for the study of cancer cell dynamics, but faces the challenge that most cancer cells lack sufficient endogenous contrast. Here, a type of colloidal gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are physically fabricated and are precisely functionalized with quantitative amounts of functional ligands (i.e., polyethyleneglycol (PEG) and (Arginine(R)-Glycine(G)-Aspartic(D))4 (RGD) peptides) to serve as an exogenous contrast agent for PAI of single cells...
December 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"