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Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine

(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2333721418812246.].
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Melinda Hermanns, Barbara K Haas, Linda Rath, Brittany Murley, Arturo A Arce-Esquivel, Joyce E Ballard, Yong T Wang
Exercise may be beneficial to older persons living with peripheral neuropathy (PN), but maintaining an exercise program is challenging. After participating in a 12-week tai chi (TC) study, 12 participants requested classes continue. A mixed-methods design was used to explore long-term engagement of older persons with bilateral PN enrolled in a TC class for 18 months beyond the original 3-month study. Pre- and posttest measures of functional status and quality of life (QOL) were conducted. Focus groups were held after 18 months of twice-weekly classes...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Stephan F Duran, Lauren Mazzurco, Robert M Palmer
The conceptual framework, targeting of older adults, and content of a targeted geriatric trauma consult (GTC) performed by geriatricians at a Level 1 trauma center are highlighted. The GTC is designed to optimize patient care through comprehensive assessment and to interrupt the disablement process. In a performance improvement study, fellowship-trained and certified geriatricians conducted the GTC in 98 patients ranging in age from 68 to 100 years. Most common recommendations by the geriatricians were for transitions of care (e...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Andrzej Lewandowicz, Paweł Skowronek, Agnieszka Maksymiuk-Kłos, Paweł Piątkiewicz
By 2015, diabetes has affected more than 415 million people over the world. It is anticipated that 640 million adults will suffer from diabetes in 2040. The elongation of the life expectancy, as the result of better general health care, extends also the time when diabetic complications may develop together with other senility-specific problems. The Giant Geriatric Syndromes (Geriatric Giants) have been qualified by the original Nascher's criteria defined more than 100 years ago, but they are becoming more and more relevant in connection with the aging of societies...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Corinna Trujillo Tanner, Michael S Caserta, Julia J Kleinschmidt, Margaret S Clayton, Paul S Bernstein, Jia Wen Guo
Older adults are underrepresented in research, and a potential barrier to their participation may be the increasing prevalence of vision loss and lack of accommodation for this challenge. Although vision loss may initially pose a challenge to research participation, its effects can be mitigated with early, in-depth planning. For example, recruitment is more inclusive when best practices identified in the literature are used in the preparation of written materials to reduce glare and improve readability and legibility...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Rachel Vickers Smith, Demetra Antimisiaris, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
Older adults are at high risk for alcohol and medication interactions (AMI). Pharmacies have the potential to act as ideal locations for AMI education, as pharmacy staff play an important role in the community. This study examined the perspectives of pharmacy staff on AMI prevention programming messaging, potential barriers to and facilitators of older adult participation in such programming, and dissemination methods for AMI prevention information. Flyers, telephone calls, and site visits were used to recruit 31 pharmacy staff members who participated in semistructured interviews...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Seul Ki Choi, India D Rose, Daniela B Friedman
Literacy plays an important role in Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD); however, less is known about how literacy is being used and defined in ADRD studies. This study reviewed terminology being used to describe types and definitions of literacy and instruments used to assess literacy in ADRD research. Among the 219 studies retrieved from 3 databases, 50 met our inclusion criteria. Literacy terms used in ADRD studies varied: literacy ( n = 28), health literacy ( n = 9), and dementia literacy ( n = 7) were the most often used terms, followed by financial literacy ( n = 4), dementia knowledge ( n = 3), AD knowledge ( n = 2), mental health literacy ( n = 2), AD literacy, digital literacy, health literacy about incontinence, and financial knowledge ( n = 1 each)...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Therese V Cash, Christopher Kilbourn, Sarah K Lageman
Support group leaders play pivotal roles in maintaining healthy community support groups; however, these leaders also have personal support needs and typically lack formal training in managing complex behaviors of neurodegenerative disorders. A support group well-being questionnaire, assessing support group functioning, was developed and piloted among participants of an educational training program designed for support group leaders of various neurodegenerative disorder-specific support groups. An exploratory factor analysis evaluated the questionnaire's psychometric properties and identified a reliable single factor five-item solution, which was titled the Support Group Functioning Scale (SGFS)...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Shunsuke Murata, Sho Nakakubo, Tsunenori Isa, Yamato Tsuboi, Kohtaroh Torizawa, Akimasa Fukuta, Maho Okumura, Naoka Matsuda, Rei Ono
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the reciprocal relationship between pain severity and executive function in community-dwelling older adults. Method: In this prospective cohort study, 64 Japanese community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years or older (mean age 72.8 years; women, 68.8%) were analyzed. Pain severity was assessed by self-reported questionnaire while executive function was assessed by the Trail Making Test at baseline and at 1-year follow-up assessment. A mixed effect model was conducted to analyze the effect of baseline executive function on change in pain severity and effect of baseline pain severity on change in executive function...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Arseniy P Yashkin, Igor Akushevich, Svetlana Ukraintseva, Anatoliy Yashin
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the possibility that type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer's disease may share common behavioral protective factors such as adherence to type 2 diabetes treatment guidelines given that these two diseases have both epidemiological and metabolic similarities. Method : The method used in this study is a retrospective cohort study of 3,797 U.S. Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 66+ newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and without a prior record of Alzheimer's disease based on the Health and Retirement Study...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Raphael Miranda Ramos, Hélio José Coelho-Júnior, Raul Cosme Ramos do Prado, Rodrigo Silveira da Silva, Ricardo Yukio Asano, Jonato Prestes, Alexandre Igor Araripe Medeiros, Bruno Rodrigues, Claudio de Oliveira Assumpção
Hypertension and obesity are prevalent diseases in elderly people, and their combination can cause deleterious effects on physiological system. Moderate intensity aerobic training (MIAT) seems to be a beneficial approach to control and treat these diseases separately. However, few studies have investigated the impact of MIAT on cardiovascular risk factors associated with these conditions (i.e., elevated blood pressure values, blood markers, and body composition). Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effects of MIAT on blood pressure, blood markers, and body composition in hypertensive overweight/obese elderly patients...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Denise A Smart, Gordana Dermody, Melany E Coronado, Marian Wilson
Objectives: This scoping review (a) describes programs to improve mobility in hospitalized adults and (b) determines the methods used to measure mobility. Method: The Joanna Briggs Institute Methodology for Scoping Reviews was used to conduct this review. Results: Our findings suggest that using a multidisciplinary approach may be the most effective way to promote mobility in hospitalized older adults. Most studies did not articulate how physical activity was measured, indicating that more research is needed...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Alejandro Pineda, Paola Quintero, Ángela Rojas, Sandra Muñoz, Fernando Gómez
Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of successful aging (SA) and identify its predictive factors in a cohort of older people in the Colombian Andes Mountain. Method: Data were drawn from a prospective longitudinal study of community-dwelling elderly people in Manizales. SA encompassed indicators in four domains: physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning. Results: The prevalence of SA was 24.4%. The independent predictors were good and very good self-rated health, middle-high/high-income level, absence of chronic conditions, married status, high educational level, and very high spirituality...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Kazuhiro P Izawa, Koichiro Oka
This study aimed to determine differences in sitting behavior time (SBT) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) based on application of the transtheoretical model (TTM) to exercise behavior in overseas-dwelling Japanese. SBT, HRQOL, and various sociodemographic factors were measured in 108 Japanese living in Ipoh, Malaysia. Subjects were classified into the non-exercise (NE), preparation (P), and exercise (E) groups. Workday, non-workday, and total-day SBTs were identified by self-reported questionnaire...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Ana Carla Schippert, Elma Jelin, Morten C Moe, Turid Heiberg, Ellen Karine Grov
Objective: To describe vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) in a Norwegian population of patients with newly diagnosed neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), and to evaluate the association with demographic data of age, gender, and civil status (married, cohabitants/unmarried, not cohabitants). Method: The Norwegian version of the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire-25 (NEI VFQ-25) questionnaire was administered to 145 patients recently diagnosed with nAMD. We used descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis to determine the distribution of demographic parameters and a possible association between demographic parameters and NEI VFQ-25 scores...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Donna Goodridge, Steven Martyniuk, James Stempien
Background: Emergency departments (ED) serve a critical role in addressing the health care needs of older adults, although organizational and provider characteristics can result in unintended negative outcomes for this population, such as emotional harm. This study aimed to describe the patient experience of older adults in the ED and generate recommendations for enhancing their experience. Methods: Data from focus groups and individual interviews of older adults and caregivers who had visited the ED were thematically analyzed...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Miriam Ryvicker, David Russell
Objective: Continuity in patient-provider relationships is important to providing high-quality care for older adults with chronic conditions. We investigated individual and environmental determinants of provider continuity for office-based physician visits among urban older adults with heart failure. Method: We linked Medicare claims with data on neighborhood characteristics for a retrospective cohort of community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries with heart failure in New York City ( N = 50,475). Results: Mean continuity using the Bice-Boxerman index was 0...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2333721418778169.].
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Stephen A Wandner, David E Balducchi, Christopher J O'Leary
Americans are working longer. For many older workers, employment earnings are essential for self-sufficiency. When older workers are forced to change jobs, they suffer bigger earnings losses and take longer to find new jobs than prime-age workers. Unfortunately, public workforce policy has not adapted to serve older workers. Our strategic survey of published research evidence and government statistics suggests a variety of ways that employment programs could be adapted to benefit older workers. In this article, we examine the changing age composition of the labor force, the employment patterns of older workers, and offer specific improvements in public employment policy for an aging workforce...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Marcus Law, Sandeep Dhillon, Nathan Herrmann, Farah Friesen, Ayan K Dey, Abby Li, A Patricia Ayala, Erica Lenton, Jodi D Edwards, Walter Swardfager
Purpose: Cancer screening may not be appropriate for some older people. We compare the likelihood of screening for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancers in older people with versus without cognitive impairment or dementia. Method: Systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO (to March 9, 2018) for articles reporting screening for colon, breast, and cervical cancers in patients with and without cognitive impairment or dementia. Studies were summarized quantitatively (random effects meta-analysis), according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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