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Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine

Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Alejandro Pineda, Paola Quintero, Ángela Rojas, Sandra Muñoz, Fernando Gómez
Objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of successful aging (SA) and identify its predictive factors in a cohort of older people in the Colombian Andes Mountain. Method: Data were drawn from a prospective longitudinal study of community-dwelling elderly people in Manizales. SA encompassed indicators in four domains: physical, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning. Results: The prevalence of SA was 24.4%. The independent predictors were good and very good self-rated health, middle-high/high-income level, absence of chronic conditions, married status, high educational level, and very high spirituality...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Kazuhiro P Izawa, Koichiro Oka
This study aimed to determine differences in sitting behavior time (SBT) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) based on application of the transtheoretical model (TTM) to exercise behavior in overseas-dwelling Japanese. SBT, HRQOL, and various sociodemographic factors were measured in 108 Japanese living in Ipoh, Malaysia. Subjects were classified into the non-exercise (NE), preparation (P), and exercise (E) groups. Workday, non-workday, and total-day SBTs were identified by self-reported questionnaire...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Ana Carla Schippert, Elma Jelin, Morten C Moe, Turid Heiberg, Ellen Karine Grov
Objective: To describe vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) in a Norwegian population of patients with newly diagnosed neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD), and to evaluate the association with demographic data of age, gender, and civil status (married, cohabitants/unmarried, not cohabitants). Method: The Norwegian version of the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire-25 (NEI VFQ-25) questionnaire was administered to 145 patients recently diagnosed with nAMD. We used descriptive statistics and bivariate analysis to determine the distribution of demographic parameters and a possible association between demographic parameters and NEI VFQ-25 scores...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Donna Goodridge, Steven Martyniuk, James Stempien
Background: Emergency departments (ED) serve a critical role in addressing the health care needs of older adults, although organizational and provider characteristics can result in unintended negative outcomes for this population, such as emotional harm. This study aimed to describe the patient experience of older adults in the ED and generate recommendations for enhancing their experience. Methods: Data from focus groups and individual interviews of older adults and caregivers who had visited the ED were thematically analyzed...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Miriam Ryvicker, David Russell
Objective: Continuity in patient-provider relationships is important to providing high-quality care for older adults with chronic conditions. We investigated individual and environmental determinants of provider continuity for office-based physician visits among urban older adults with heart failure. Method: We linked Medicare claims with data on neighborhood characteristics for a retrospective cohort of community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries with heart failure in New York City ( N = 50,475). Results: Mean continuity using the Bice-Boxerman index was 0...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/2333721418778169.].
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Stephen A Wandner, David E Balducchi, Christopher J O'Leary
Americans are working longer. For many older workers, employment earnings are essential for self-sufficiency. When older workers are forced to change jobs, they suffer bigger earnings losses and take longer to find new jobs than prime-age workers. Unfortunately, public workforce policy has not adapted to serve older workers. Our strategic survey of published research evidence and government statistics suggests a variety of ways that employment programs could be adapted to benefit older workers. In this article, we examine the changing age composition of the labor force, the employment patterns of older workers, and offer specific improvements in public employment policy for an aging workforce...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Marcus Law, Sandeep Dhillon, Nathan Herrmann, Farah Friesen, Ayan K Dey, Abby Li, A Patricia Ayala, Erica Lenton, Jodi D Edwards, Walter Swardfager
Purpose: Cancer screening may not be appropriate for some older people. We compare the likelihood of screening for colorectal, breast, and cervical cancers in older people with versus without cognitive impairment or dementia. Method: Systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO (to March 9, 2018) for articles reporting screening for colon, breast, and cervical cancers in patients with and without cognitive impairment or dementia. Studies were summarized quantitatively (random effects meta-analysis), according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Emmanuel Mawuli Abalo, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Prince Peprah, Hayford Isaac Budu, Razak M Gyasi, Philomina Donkor, Jones Amoako
Studies have constantly reported mixed evidence on the associations between rural/urban differences and self-rated health (SRH) status among older populations. More importantly, the roles of other relevant sociodemographic characteristics such as gender and educational levels in these associations are mostly overlooked. The current study examines the geographical differences in SRH of older cohorts in Kumasi Metropolis and Bosomtwe District of Ghana. Data from a Spatial Health and Healthcare Study (SHHS) were analyzed using chi-square test and ordinal logistic regression models...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Grace A Noppert, Candace S Brown, Marianne Chanti-Ketterl, Katherine S Hall, L Kristin Newby, Harvey Jay Cohen, Miriam C Morey
Objective: We used the Physical Performance Across the LifeSpan Study to investigate the relationships of multiple indicators of socioeconomic status (SES), both in early life and late life, with physical function. Method: We examined associations between multiple early and late life SES indicators with physical function measured by aerobic endurance, gait speed, and lower body strength. Results: Higher participant education and household income were associated with increased physical function. In our age-stratified analysis, we observed widening SES disparities with increasing age among those in the two younger strata with lower SES associated with worse physical function...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Natalia Adamczewska, Samuel Robert Nyman
Fear of falling (FoF) is as an important psychological problem among older people. While it has been researched for around four decades, paradoxically there is no agreed definition of FoF. Confusion over the definition of FoF inhibits current understanding of empirical findings. The objective of this article is to critique current definitions of FoF and to present a novel theoretical model that aims to resolve theoretical misunderstanding. A narrative review was conducted to present definitions of FoF and concepts often conflated with it including fall-related self-efficacy and anxiety...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Sarah E Walsh, A Scott LaJoie
Objectives: Prior research has shown social capital and built environment quality are associated with overall health status and the incidence of mental illness. This study explores the relationship between social capital, built environment, and quality of life specifically for assisted living residents, currently a gap in the literature. Method: A total of 76 assisted living residents were interviewed for the study using researcher-administered questionnaires. In addition, site audits were conducted to quantitatively evaluate the built environment surrounding 12 assisted living communities in the Louisville Metro region...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Miia Rahja, Kate Laver, Tracy Comans, Maria Crotty
Objective: To identify the Australian general population's awareness regarding the presence and effectiveness of treatments for dementia. Method: An online survey administered through a consumer panel provider (PureProfile). Included were people aged 18 years or above living in Australia. The survey asked participants about their knowledge of treatments for dementia and attitudes toward the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments. Results: Of the 1,001 participants, more than half (63.5%) could not spontaneously name any treatments that improved outcomes for people with dementia...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
S M J Mortazavi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Mikael Rennemark, Claes Jogréus, Sölve Elmståhl, Anna-Karin Welmer, Anders Wimo, Johan Sanmartin-Berglund
Objectives: Moderate physical activity gains survival. There are, however, several variables that may affect this relationship. In this study, the relationship between moderate physical activity and longevity was investigated, taking into account age, gender, smoking habits, cohabitation status, body mass index, leg strength and balance, education level and cognitive function. Method: A sample of 8,456 individuals aged 60 to 96 years, representative of the Swedish population, was included. Participants were followed from 2004 to 2015...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Noelle L Fields, Gail Adorno, Brandi Felderhoff, Rupal Parekh Msw, Vivian Miller Msw, Karen Magruder, Kellie Rogers
The term "emerging elders" has surfaced in age-friendly community assessment tools to denote a subset of older adults; however, limited guidance is provided on its application to aging populations. The goal of this study was to develop a data-driven conceptualization of "emerging elders" as part of an age-friendly community assessment. Adults, aged 55 years and above, were asked about their subjective meaning of "emerging elder" within the context of a larger study of aging well in a large U...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Esmeralda Valdivieso-Mora, Mirjana Ivanisevic, Leslie A Shaw, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Zachary D Green, Mónica Salazar-Villanea, José Moncada-Jiménez, David K Johnson
Objective: To test the validity of a common measure of health-related quality of life (Short-Form-36 [SF-36]) in cognitively healthy older adults living in rural and urban Costa Rica. Method: Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to SF-36 data collected in 250 older adults from San Jose and Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Results: The best fitting model for the SF-36 was an eight first-order factor structure. A high correlation between the Mental Component Summary and Physical Component Summary scores was found...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Yiwei Chen, Jiaxi Wang, Ying Liang, Fei Sun, XinQi Dong
Objective: The primary purposes of the present study are (a) to investigate the stress-cognition relationship among U.S. Chinese older adults and (b) to examine the moderating role of health status on the stress-cognition relationship. Method: Data were drawn from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE), which investigated 3,157 Chinese adults over 60 years old living in Chicago. Participants reported health status and completed the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale. Cognitive functions were measured by the East Boston Memory Test, the Digit Span Backward, the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, and Chinese Mini-Mental State Examination...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Fengyan Tang, Huajuan Chen, Yalu Zhang, Ada C Mui
The population in China has been aging rapidly over the past two decades, raising concerns about how to meet the health and long-term care needs of the growing older adult population. The productive aging framework has been applied to promote the active roles that older adults can play in society and to improve physical and psychological well-being. Employment, as an essential form of productive aging, is central to personal control, self-identify, economic resources, and social connectedness. However, there is no clear role or accommodation for older workers in China due to the mandatory retirement policy and traditional culture of gender roles...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
Dexia Kong, Joan Davitt, XinQi Dong
Objective: Loneliness has been associated with cognitive functioning in the general older adult population. Previous studies further indicate that loneliness has a strong association with depressive symptoms and the two constructs can reinforce each other to diminish well-being. However, such relationships have not been examined in U.S. Chinese older adults. This study attempts to bridge this knowledge gap. Method: Data were drawn from a population-based study of 3,159 U.S. Chinese older adults in the Greater Chicago area...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
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