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Veterinary Record Open

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30402254/influence-of-previous-medical-treatments-on-social-rank-in-dairy-cows
#1
Anne Littooij, Andrew Butterworth
Animal health can present economic and animal welfare concerns for dairy farmers. However, it is unknown whether changes in behaviour as a result of sickness have long-term effects, and whether there is a relationship between the social rank of cows in the herd at a moment in time and the medical treatment history of these cows. The behaviour of 100 high-yielding cows in the waiting area (collecting yard) before the milking parlour was studied for five milking sessions to assess the interactions between the cows, as the cows waited to be milked...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245833/expert-opinion-on-livestock-antimicrobial-usage-indications-and-patterns-in-denmark-portugal-and-switzerland
#2
Luís Pedro Carmo, Ilias Bouzalas, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Lis Alban, Paulo Martins da Costa, Cedric Müntener, Gertraud Schüpbach, Yandy Abreu, Ioannis Magouras
We aimed at describing antimicrobial usage patterns throughout livestock production cycles, and comparing them across three countries from Northern, Central and Southern Europe. Given the difficulties to collect such detailed usage data, an expert opinion was deemed the most appropriate study design. This study provides new insights into the time periods and indications for which specific antimicrobial substances are used in different livestock sectors. Veterinary experts (n=67) from different livestock sectors (broilers, pigs, dairy cattle and veal/fattening calves) and countries (Denmark, Portugal and Switzerland) replied to a questionnaire focusing on the time periods in the production cycle when antimicrobial substances were administered, and the respective indications for treatment...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167313/comparative-onset-of-immunity-of-oral-and-intranasal-vaccines-against-challenge-with-bordetella-bronchiseptica
#3
Maya M Scott-Garrard, Yu-Wei Chiang, Frederic David
Three groups of approximately eight-week-old beagles were vaccinated once with 1 ml of placebo vaccine (oral, n=9), 1 ml of Recombitek® Oral Bordetella (oral, n=10) or 1 ml Nobivac® Intra-Trac3 (intranasal, 0.5 ml/nostril, n=10). Seven days after vaccination, the three groups were challenged with virulent Bordetella bronchiseptica via aerosolisation. Eight of nine dogs in the placebo group and no dogs in the Recombitek® Oral Bordetella or Nobivac® Intra-Trac3 vaccine groups developed spontaneous cough of two or more consecutive days (disease case definition)...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167312/establishing-a-protocol-for-thromboelastography-in-sea-turtles
#4
Ashley Barratclough, Rita Hanel, Nicole I Stacy, Laura K Ruterbories, Emily Christiansen, Craig A Harms
Thromboelastography (TEG) provides a global evaluation of haemostasis. This diagnostic test is widely used in mammals but has not previously been performed in reptiles, mainly due to the limited availability of taxon-specific reagents. The objective of this pilot study was to establish a protocol to perform TEG in sea turtles. Pooled citrated plasma, stored at -80°C, from four green turtles ( Chelonia mydas ) was assayed on a TEG 5000. Several initiators were evaluated: kaolin (n=2), RapidTEG (n=2), fresh (n=2) and frozen (n=6) thromboplastin extracted from pooled brain tissue from several chelonian species, human recombinant tissue factor at 1:100 (n=1), Reptilase (n=2), and rabbit thromboplastin (n=1)...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109029/antimicrobial-resistance-of-pasteurella-multocida-strains-isolated-from-pigs-between-2010-and-2016
#5
Yoon-Hee Oh, Dong-Chan Moon, Young Ju Lee, Bang-Hun Hyun, Suk-Kyung Lim
Pasteurella multocida is one of the significant causes of respiratory infection outbreaks in the Korean pig industry. Although antimicrobial treatment is an effective strategy for controlling respiratory diseases, limited information is available regarding the antimicrobial susceptibility of the pathogens infecting Korean pigs. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the antimicrobial resistance of P multocida against widely used antimicrobials in order to enable the selection of appropriate drugs and to evaluate any trends in resistance...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018767/analgesic-effects-of-intravenous-flunixin-and-intrafunicular-lidocaine-or-their-combination-for-castration-of-lambs
#6
Paola Straticò, Vincenzo Varasano, Riccardo Suriano, Massimo Mariscoli, Domenico Robbe, Melania Giammarco, Giorgio Vignola, Lucio Petrizzi
Objective: To analyse the effectiveness of intrafunicular lidocaine and intravenous flunixin for reducing pain and signs of stress in lambs undergoing surgical castration. Design: Randomised controlled trial. Setting: One university teaching hospital in Italy. Participants: 30 healthy male lambs, 9-12 weeks old. Intervention: Allocation to five groups: a control group (C), undergoing general anaesthesia but not castration; a surgery group (S), undergoing orchiectomy without analgesic treatment; a surgery-lidocaine group (SL), undergoing orchiectomy and receiving intrafunicular 2 per cent lidocaine solution; a surgery-flunixin group (SF), undergoing orchiectomy and receiving intravenous flunixin; a surgery-flunixin-lidocaine group (SFL), undergoing orchiectomy and receiving both intrafunicular lidocaine and intravenous flunixin...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955367/assessment-of-transport-stress-on-cattle-travelling-a-long-distance-%C3%A2-648-km-from-jessore-indian-border-to-chittagong-bangladesh
#7
Mahabub Alam, Md Hasanuzzaman, Mohammad Mahmudul Hassan, Tofazzal Md Rakib, Md Emran Hossain, Md Harun Rashid, Md Abu Sayeed, Lindsay B Philips, Md Ahasanul Hoque
The effect of long-distance transport on cattle health has not frequently been studied in Bangladesh. The current study investigated the health conditions, and the extent and pattern of cattle injuries, along with haemato-biochemical and hormonal changes, before and after long-distance transportation (≈648 km) from the market of origin to the market of destination. A total of 100 adult cattle were selected at the Benapole live cattle market, Bangladesh, for physical examination before and after transportation...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29955366/effect-of-three-types-of-horseshoes-and-unshod-feet-on-selected-non-podal-forelimb-kinematic-variables-measured-by-an-extremity-mounted-inertial-measurement-unit-sensor-system-in-sound-horses-at-the-trot-under-conditions-of-treadmill-and-soft-geotextile-surface
#8
Joëlle Christina Stutz, Beatriz Vidondo, Alessandra Ramseyer, Ugo Ettore Maninchedda, Antonio M Cruz
Therapeutic farriery is part of the management of certain orthopaedic conditions. Non-podal parameters are important as most horses shod with therapeutic shoes are expected to perform again and the choice of shoe type may be influenced by the effects they may have on gait. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of three different shoe designs and unshod front feet on forelimb non-podal kinematic variables using an extremity mounted inertial measurement unit (IMU) system under conditions of treadmill and overground exercise on a soft geotextile surface at the trot...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868172/validation-of-a-commercial-1-2-o-dilauryl-rac-glycero-glutaric-acid-6-methylresorufin-ester-lipase-assay-for-diagnosis-of-canine-pancreatitis
#9
Emily L Goodband, Gonçalo Serrano, Fernando Constantino-Casas, Joy Archer, Penny J Watson, Tim L Williams
The objectives of this study were fourfold: technical validation of a commercial canine 1,2-o-dilauryl-rac-glycero glutaric acid-(6'-methylresorufin) ester (DGGR) lipase assay, to calculate a reference interval for DGGR lipase by the indirect a posteriori method, to establish biological validity of the assay, and to assess agreement between DGGR lipase and specific canine pancreatic lipase (Spec cPL) assays. Dogs with histologically confirmed acute pancreatitis (n=3), chronic pancreatitis (n=8) and normal pancreatic tissue (n=7) with stored (-80°C) serum samples were identified...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868171/survey-of-ketolactia-determining-the-main-predisposing-management-factors-and-consequences-in-hungarian-dairy-herds-by-using-a-cow-side-milk-test
#10
Péter Hejel, Gerhard Zechner, Csaba Csorba, László Könyves
The aims of the survey were to determine the prevalence of ketosis in dairy herds by measuring the concentration of beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) in milk by Keto-Test (Sanwa Kagaku Kenkyusho, Nagoya, Japan); risk factors and the relationship with postpartum diseases were investigated. 1667 early lactating (days in milk 0-75) cows were tested in 52 dairy herds in 2013 and 2014 years. In total, 29.3 per cent of samples were positive (BHBAMILK ≥100 µmol/l), including 3.7 per cent high positives (BHBAMILK ≥500 µmol/l)...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682293/methodological-aspects-of-serosurveillance-in-resource-poor-settings
#11
Susanna Sternberg Lewerin, Cecilia Wolff, Charles Masembe, Karl Ståhl, Sofia Boqvist, Mikael Andersson Franko
Animal production is important for the agricultural economy in low-income countries, but is threatened by infectious diseases. Serosurveys are conducted for different reasons such as disease detection, risk factor studies, disease monitoring and establishing disease-free status. Most reports on such serosurveys include some discussion about methodological constraints but still, by necessity, rely on serological results for case definition. This study uses a cross-sectional serosurvey for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), Rift Valley fever (RVF) and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in cattle in three districts in Western Uganda to illustrate the limitations of this approach, addressing the questions of what flaws can be expected in sampling and diagnostics and how these influence the results...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682292/plasma-procalcitonin-concentrations-are-increased-in-dogs-with-sepsis
#12
Robert Goggs, Matthew Milloway, Roberta Troia, Massimo Giunti
Sepsis, the life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection, is difficult to identify and to prognosticate for. In people with sepsis, procalcitonin (PCT) measurement aids diagnosis, enables therapeutic monitoring and improves prognostic accuracy. This study used a commercial canine PCT assay to measure plasma PCT concentrations in dogs with gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) syndrome and in dogs with sepsis. It was hypothesised that dogs with GDV syndrome and with sepsis have greater plasma PCT concentrations than healthy dogs and that dogs with sepsis have greater PCT concentrations than dogs with GDV syndrome...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632672/radiographic-analysis-of-the-angle-in-the-lateromedial-projection-of-the-metacarpophalangeal-joint-and-the-distal-interphalangeal-joint-in-metacarpophalangeal-flexural-deformities-in-calves
#13
Ayano Sato, Osamu Ishii, Motoshi Tajima
The bone alignment of the metacarpophalangeal joint (MPJ) of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) in metacarpophalangeal flexural deformity (MPFD) in calves was evaluated by radiography. This study was designed by retrospective study of radiographs. Lateral to medial radiographs of distal forelimbs were taken from 19 MPFD affected calves (35 forelimbs) and 21 normal calves (42 forelimbs). Based on the radiographs, the lateral angles of MPJ were measured from the metacarpal bone axis and proximal phalanx axis, and lateral angles of DIPJ were measured from the middle phalanx axis and distal phalanx axis...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632671/cross-sectional-area-and-fat-content-in-dachshund-epaxial-muscles-an-mri-and-ct-reliability-study
#14
Anna Fredrika Boström, Anu K Lappalainen, Lieven Danneels, Tarja S Jokinen, Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Anna K Hielm-Björkman
MRI and CT are frequently used to diagnose spinal diseases in dogs. These modalities have detected epaxial muscle degeneration in dachshunds with intervertebral disc herniation. However, research on the reliability of epaxial muscular measurements is limited in veterinary medicine. The aims of the study were to assess the intrarater and inter-rater reliability of epaxial muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and fat content measurements on MRI and CT images in dachshunds, and to compare the CSA measurement between the two modalities...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632670/tracheal-growth-assessment-in-mongrel-puppies-dogs-through-multidetector-ct
#15
Rosa Eugenia Soriano-Rosales, Beatriz Eugenia Pérez-Guillé, Miguel Angel Jimenez-Bravo-Luna, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Fernándo Villegas-Alvarez, Arturo Carmona-Mancilla, Carlos Jiménez-Gutiérrez, Susana Leticia Elizalde-Velázquez, Jose Francisco Gonzalez-Zamora
The aim of this study was to describe the tracheal growth pattern and its zoometric relationship in related medium-sized mongrel puppies through adulthood. Fourteen puppies were studied. CT monitoring was performed monthly, starting in the 1st month of life through the 7th month and subsequently at the 9th and 12th months. Additionally, six zoometric measurements were performed. Dorsoventral (DV) and transverse (TV) diameters and the luminal area from C1 to T2 were obtained. The global tracheal growth pattern revealed an increase up to 13 times its initial size, reaching a plateau phase during the last trimester...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531751/comparison-of-pain-response-after-subcutaneous-injection-of-two-maropitant-formulations-to-beagle-dogs
#16
Nynke Deckers, Catharina A Ruigrok, Hans Peter Verhoeve, Nicky Lourens
The antiemetic maropitant, with metacresol as preservative (Cerenia, Zoetis), has been associated with pain after subcutaneous injection in dogs and cats. Recently, a generic formulation containing benzyl alcohol was authorised (Prevomax, Le Vet). Benzyl alcohol is reported to have local anaesthetic properties and reduce injection pain. This study compared local pain after subcutaneous injection of the two maropitant formulations, administered at approximately 4°C and 25°C, to dogs. Thirty-two healthy beagle dogs were enrolled into a blinded, randomised, cross-over study...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531750/determining-resolution-of-angiostrongylus-vasorum-in-dogs-following-anthelmintic-treatment-with-an-imidacloprid-10-per-cent-moxidectin-2-5-per-cent-spot-on
#17
Louise Elizabeth Bird, Graham Bilbrough, Ronan Fitzgerald, David John Walker
Objectives: To determine the time from treatment with a product containing imidacloprid 10 per cent/moxidectin 2.5 per cent spot-on (Advocate™), to dogs becoming negative for Angiostrongylus vasorum (A. vasorum). The authors hypothesised that most dogs would have resolution of A. vasorum within four weeks of treatment with Advocate™. Design: Prospective, non-randomised, prepost treatment study. Setting: Cases were enrolled from general practices along the southern coast of the United Kingdom...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387423/occurrence-of-preterm-calving-in-great-britain-and-associations-with-milk-production-and-reproductive-performance-in-dairy-cattle
#18
Angela Filipa Damaso, Martina Velasova, Steven Van Winden, Yu-Mei Chang, Javier Guitian
This study describes the occurrence of preterm calving in Great Britain and evaluates its associations with subsequent milk production and reproductive performances and survival on farm of dairy cows. A total of 53 British dairy farms and 5759 animals with detailed breeding and milk recording data available were used to form two study groups: preterm calving (calving occurring between days 266 and 277 of gestation) and full-term calving (calving occurring at 278 days of gestation and over). Mixed effects models were implemented to compare milk production, clinical cases of mastitis and number of services per conception between groups...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344364/novel-dry-cryotherapy-system-for-cooling-the-equine-digit
#19
Jessica Morgan, Darko Stefanovski, Margret Lenfest, Sraboni Chatterjee, James Orsini
Objectives: Digital cryotherapy is commonly used for laminitis prophylaxis and treatment. Currently validated methods for distal limb cryotherapy involve wet application or compression technology. There is a need for a practical, affordable, dry cryotherapy method that effectively cools the digit. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hoof wall surface temperatures (HWSTs) achieved with a novel dry cryotherapy technology. Design: Repeated-measures in vivo experimental study...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344363/motile-salmonella-serotypes-causing-high-mortality-in-poultry-farms-in-three-south-western-states-of-nigeria
#20
Fakilahyel Musa Mshelbwala, Najume Doguwar-Giginya Ibrahim, Shehu NaAllah Saidu, Aminullah Ajiyobiojo Azeez, Paul Akinniyi Akinduti, Clara Nna Kwanashie, Amina Kinta Fakilahyel Kadiri, Maryam Muhammed, Idowu Oluwabunmi Fagbamila, Pam Dachung Luka
This study was carried out to identify the Salmonella serotypes causing high mortality in chickens in Lagos, Ogun and Oyo states, Nigeria. Chickens presented for postmortem examination during disease outbreaks that were characterised by high mortality (40 per cent to 80 per cent) in poultry farms in the study area were examined from January to December, 2013. Samples of the lungs, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, proventriculus, intestine and caecum were collected from suspected cases of salmonellosis, for bacterial culture and identification...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
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