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Veterinary Record Open

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682293/methodological-aspects-of-serosurveillance-in-resource-poor-settings
#1
Susanna Sternberg Lewerin, Cecilia Wolff, Charles Masembe, Karl Ståhl, Sofia Boqvist, Mikael Andersson Franko
Animal production is important for the agricultural economy in low-income countries, but is threatened by infectious diseases. Serosurveys are conducted for different reasons such as disease detection, risk factor studies, disease monitoring and establishing disease-free status. Most reports on such serosurveys include some discussion about methodological constraints but still, by necessity, rely on serological results for case definition. This study uses a cross-sectional serosurvey for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), Rift Valley fever (RVF) and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in cattle in three districts in Western Uganda to illustrate the limitations of this approach, addressing the questions of what flaws can be expected in sampling and diagnostics and how these influence the results...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682292/plasma-procalcitonin-concentrations-are-increased-in-dogs-with-sepsis
#2
Robert Goggs, Matthew Milloway, Roberta Troia, Massimo Giunti
Sepsis, the life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection, is difficult to identify and to prognosticate for. In people with sepsis, procalcitonin (PCT) measurement aids diagnosis, enables therapeutic monitoring and improves prognostic accuracy. This study used a commercial canine PCT assay to measure plasma PCT concentrations in dogs with gastric dilatation volvulus (GDV) syndrome and in dogs with sepsis. It was hypothesised that dogs with GDV syndrome and with sepsis have greater plasma PCT concentrations than healthy dogs and that dogs with sepsis have greater PCT concentrations than dogs with GDV syndrome...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632672/radiographic-analysis-of-the-angle-in-the-lateromedial-projection-of-the-metacarpophalangeal-joint-and-the-distal-interphalangeal-joint-in-metacarpophalangeal-flexural-deformities-in-calves
#3
Ayano Sato, Osamu Ishii, Motoshi Tajima
The bone alignment of the metacarpophalangeal joint (MPJ) of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) in metacarpophalangeal flexural deformity (MPFD) in calves was evaluated by radiography. This study was designed by retrospective study of radiographs. Lateral to medial radiographs of distal forelimbs were taken from 19 MPFD affected calves (35 forelimbs) and 21 normal calves (42 forelimbs). Based on the radiographs, the lateral angles of MPJ were measured from the metacarpal bone axis and proximal phalanx axis, and lateral angles of DIPJ were measured from the middle phalanx axis and distal phalanx axis...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632671/cross-sectional-area-and-fat-content-in-dachshund-epaxial-muscles-an-mri-and-ct-reliability-study
#4
Anna Fredrika Boström, Anu K Lappalainen, Lieven Danneels, Tarja S Jokinen, Outi Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Anna K Hielm-Björkman
MRI and CT are frequently used to diagnose spinal diseases in dogs. These modalities have detected epaxial muscle degeneration in dachshunds with intervertebral disc herniation. However, research on the reliability of epaxial muscular measurements is limited in veterinary medicine. The aims of the study were to assess the intrarater and inter-rater reliability of epaxial muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) and fat content measurements on MRI and CT images in dachshunds, and to compare the CSA measurement between the two modalities...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632670/tracheal-growth-assessment-in-mongrel-puppies-dogs-through-multidetector-ct
#5
Rosa Eugenia Soriano-Rosales, Beatriz Eugenia Pérez-Guillé, Miguel Angel Jimenez-Bravo-Luna, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Fernándo Villegas-Alvarez, Arturo Carmona-Mancilla, Carlos Jiménez-Gutiérrez, Susana Leticia Elizalde-Velázquez, Jose Francisco Gonzalez-Zamora
The aim of this study was to describe the tracheal growth pattern and its zoometric relationship in related medium-sized mongrel puppies through adulthood. Fourteen puppies were studied. CT monitoring was performed monthly, starting in the 1st month of life through the 7th month and subsequently at the 9th and 12th months. Additionally, six zoometric measurements were performed. Dorsoventral (DV) and transverse (TV) diameters and the luminal area from C1 to T2 were obtained. The global tracheal growth pattern revealed an increase up to 13 times its initial size, reaching a plateau phase during the last trimester...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531751/comparison-of-pain-response-after-subcutaneous-injection-of-two-maropitant-formulations-to-beagle-dogs
#6
Nynke Deckers, Catharina A Ruigrok, Hans Peter Verhoeve, Nicky Lourens
The antiemetic maropitant, with metacresol as preservative (Cerenia, Zoetis), has been associated with pain after subcutaneous injection in dogs and cats. Recently, a generic formulation containing benzyl alcohol was authorised (Prevomax, Le Vet). Benzyl alcohol is reported to have local anaesthetic properties and reduce injection pain. This study compared local pain after subcutaneous injection of the two maropitant formulations, administered at approximately 4°C and 25°C, to dogs. Thirty-two healthy beagle dogs were enrolled into a blinded, randomised, cross-over study...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531750/determining-resolution-of-angiostrongylus-vasorum-in-dogs-following-anthelmintic-treatment-with-an-imidacloprid-10-per-cent-moxidectin-2-5-per-cent-spot-on
#7
Louise Elizabeth Bird, Graham Bilbrough, Ronan Fitzgerald, David John Walker
Objectives: To determine the time from treatment with a product containing imidacloprid 10 per cent/moxidectin 2.5 per cent spot-on (Advocate™), to dogs becoming negative for Angiostrongylus vasorum (A. vasorum). The authors hypothesised that most dogs would have resolution of A. vasorum within four weeks of treatment with Advocate™. Design: Prospective, non-randomised, prepost treatment study. Setting: Cases were enrolled from general practices along the southern coast of the United Kingdom...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387423/occurrence-of-preterm-calving-in-great-britain-and-associations-with-milk-production-and-reproductive-performance-in-dairy-cattle
#8
Angela Filipa Damaso, Martina Velasova, Steven Van Winden, Yu-Mei Chang, Javier Guitian
This study describes the occurrence of preterm calving in Great Britain and evaluates its associations with subsequent milk production and reproductive performances and survival on farm of dairy cows. A total of 53 British dairy farms and 5759 animals with detailed breeding and milk recording data available were used to form two study groups: preterm calving (calving occurring between days 266 and 277 of gestation) and full-term calving (calving occurring at 278 days of gestation and over). Mixed effects models were implemented to compare milk production, clinical cases of mastitis and number of services per conception between groups...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344364/novel-dry-cryotherapy-system-for-cooling-the-equine-digit
#9
Jessica Morgan, Darko Stefanovski, Margret Lenfest, Sraboni Chatterjee, James Orsini
Objectives: Digital cryotherapy is commonly used for laminitis prophylaxis and treatment. Currently validated methods for distal limb cryotherapy involve wet application or compression technology. There is a need for a practical, affordable, dry cryotherapy method that effectively cools the digit. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hoof wall surface temperatures (HWSTs) achieved with a novel dry cryotherapy technology. Design: Repeated-measures in vivo experimental study...
2018: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344363/motile-salmonella-serotypes-causing-high-mortality-in-poultry-farms-in-three-south-western-states-of-nigeria
#10
Fakilahyel Musa Mshelbwala, Najume Doguwar-Giginya Ibrahim, Shehu NaAllah Saidu, Aminullah Ajiyobiojo Azeez, Paul Akinniyi Akinduti, Clara Nna Kwanashie, Amina Kinta Fakilahyel Kadiri, Maryam Muhammed, Idowu Oluwabunmi Fagbamila, Pam Dachung Luka
This study was carried out to identify the Salmonella serotypes causing high mortality in chickens in Lagos, Ogun and Oyo states, Nigeria. Chickens presented for postmortem examination during disease outbreaks that were characterised by high mortality (40 per cent to 80 per cent) in poultry farms in the study area were examined from January to December, 2013. Samples of the lungs, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, proventriculus, intestine and caecum were collected from suspected cases of salmonellosis, for bacterial culture and identification...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259785/student-experiences-and-perceptions-of-compulsory-research-projects-a-veterinary-perspective
#11
Jacqueline M Cardwell, Kirsty Magnier, Tierney Kinnison, Ayona Silva-Fletcher
Background: Although research underpins clinical work, many students training to be clinicians are not inherently interested in developing research skills. Aim: To characterise and understand veterinary student experiences and perceptions of compulsory research projects. Methods: This was an explanatory sequential mixed-methods study, with a questionnaire survey of an entire cohort informing purposive selection for focus group discussions...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259784/prospective-cohort-study-to-assess-rates-of-contagious-disease-in-pre-weaned-uk-dairy-heifers-management-practices-passive-transfer-of-immunity-and-associated-calf-health
#12
Kate F Johnson, Natalie Chancellor, Charlotte C Burn, D Claire Wathes
Dairy calves are vulnerable to infectious diseases, particularly diarrhoea and bovine respiratory disease (BRD), causing mortality and reducing welfare and growth. A prospective cohort study was performed on 11 UK dairy farms to determine the underlying causes for calf disease. This first paper describes the incidence, timing and duration of infectious disease, mortality rates, passive transfer of immunity and key management practices that may contribute to disease incidence. Heifer calves were recruited in the first week of life (n=492) and a blood sample taken to measure IgG and total protein (TP)...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225898/a-survey-of-current-practices-and-influences-on-the-choice-of-suture-material-pattern-and-size-used-in-commonly-performed-procedures-in-uk-small-animal-veterinary-practice
#13
Elinor Jo Field, Suzanna Hebert, Ed J Friend, Kevin J Parsons
Objectives: A survey of UK veterinarians was conducted to determine factors influencing suture choice and current suture practice for common surgical procedures. Methods: An online survey was designed and the survey was sent to central practice emails obtained from the 2011 Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) practice database. Results: Two hundred and thirty-nine surveys were completed (203 with no additional postgraduate qualifications (NAQ), 16 with RCVS certificates and 19 with diplomas)...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225897/-bottom-hung-window-trauma-in-cats-neurological-evaluation-and-outcome-in-71-cats-with-bilateral-hindlimb-injury
#14
Gabriele M Gradner, Lina Dogman-Rauberger, Gilles Dupré
Objectives: Influence of neurological status on the mortality rate of paraparetic/paralysed cats presenting after entrapment in a bottom-hung window was evaluated. It was hypothesised that (1) loss of deep pain sensation at admission would not be a negative prognostic factor for regaining motor function and that (2) mortality rate would be influenced by the severity of neurological grade upon admission. Methods: Clinical and pathological data of affected cats that presented at our institution between 2001 and 2012 for this specific trauma were collected retrospectively: breed, age, sex, last contact with owner (<3 hours and >3 hours), whether the cat was suffering from monoparesis or paraparesis/paraplegia, duration of hospitalisation, rectal temperature, surface temperature of the skin of the hindlimbs, femoral pulse and tone of the pelvic musculature...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177054/increase-in-branched-chain-amino-acids-due-to-acidemia-in-neonatal-calves-with-diarrhoea
#15
Kenji Tsukano, Hiroki Inoue, Kazuyuki Suzuki
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between acid-base status and plasma branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) concentration in calves with diarrhoea for intravenous nutrition, especially with amino acid solution in calves with diarrhoea. Thirty-four Holstein calves aged 11.0±5.9 days old were enrolled in this study. In 10 of 34 calves exhibiting clinical signs of diarrhoea, severe dehydration and acidemia were observed (severe group: pH: 7.04±0.11, base excess (BE): -17.4±4.5) based on blood gas analysis...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177053/evaluation-of-a-single-administration-ototopical-treatment-for-canine-otitis-externa-a-randomised-trial
#16
John Blake, Daniel Keil, Kenneth Kwochka, Kathleen Palma, Jennifer Schofield
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new, single-administration Otic Solution containing florfenicol, terbinafine and mometasone furoate for the treatment of canine otitis externa (OE). Design: The clinical efficacy and safety study was a multicentre, controlled, masked and randomised field study conducted over 30 days. Two hundred and twenty-one (221) client-owned dogs of varying breeds with diagnosed bacterial and/or fungal OE were enrolled. Procedure: Dogs were randomised to either Otic Solution or control groups...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118993/cellular-characteristics-of-keratin-19-positive-canine-hepatocellular-tumours-explain-its-aggressive-behaviour
#17
Renee G van Sprundel, Ted Sgam van den Ingh, Baukje A Schotanus, Monique E van Wolferen, Louis C Penning, Jan Rothuizen, Bart Spee
The expression of the hepatic progenitor cell marker keratin 19 (K19) in canine hepatocellular carcinomas is linked with a poor prognosis. To better understand this aggressive behaviour, K19-positive hepatocellular carcinomas (n=5) and K19-negative hepatocellular adenomas (n=6) were immunohistochemically stained for proteins involved in malignant tumour development. The K19-positive carcinomas showed marked positivity for platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha polypeptide (PDGFRα), laminin, integrin beta-1/CD29, B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukaemia virus Integration site 1, glypican-3 (GPC-3) and prominin-1/CD133, in contrast with K19-negative hepatocellular adenomas...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018534/factors-related-to-work-and-life-satisfaction-of-veterinary-practitioners-in-germany
#18
Johanna C Kersebohm, Timo Lorenz, Anne Becher, Marcus G Doherr
OBJECTIVES: Veterinary practitioners' working situation is both challenging and changing. They have higher levels of work-related stress and suicide risk than the general population. The proportion of women is increasing, and in Germany especially women and employed veterinarians are reported to be less satisfied than comparable subgroups of the general population. In this study we identified key factors associated with work and life satisfaction among veterinary practitioners in Germany...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018533/pharmacokinetics-of-marbofloxacin-administered-via-intravenous-regional-limb-perfusion-in-dairy-cows-evaluation-of-two-different-tourniquets
#19
Gianluca Celani, Serena Maria Rita Tulini, Camilla Montesano, Daniela Zezza, Manuel Sergi, Vincenzo Varasano, Carlo Maria Mortellaro, Dario Compagnone, Michele Amorena, Lucio Petrizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated synovial and systemic plasma pharmacokinetic variables of marbofloxacin after a single intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP) performed using two different tourniquets in clinically healthy, standing, non-sedated dairy cows. The authors hypothesised that the type of tourniquet used for IVRLP would influence the synovial fluid concentration of marbofloxacin in the perfused distal limb. DESIGN: The study had a randomised parallel-group design...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018532/real-world-data-of-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital-in-japan-a-pilot-survey-of-prescribed-medicines
#20
Noriko Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Takizawa, Nao Miyamoto, Shinji Funayama, Ryo Tanaka, Syozo Okano, Toshio Iwasaki
The prescription data from a digital accounting system of a veterinary teaching hospital collected between 2008 and 2011 in Japan were downloaded, stored in a database and analysed using a statistical analysis software, SAS. Seventy-six per cent of all prescriptions were drugs approved for human beings. The most frequently prescribed category was 'Agents against pathogenic organisms', such as antibiotics and chemotherapeutic agents, followed by 'Cardiovascular agents'. Seventy-five per cent of prescribed oral formulations in the category 'Agents against pathogenic organisms' were drugs approved for human beings, while 78 per cent of the injectable prescriptions were those for veterinary...
2017: Veterinary Record Open
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