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Sexual Medicine Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612978/penile-stretching-as-a-treatment-for-peyronie-s-disease-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Matthew G Cowper, Connor B Burkett, Tan V Le, Nickolas Scherzer, Wayne J G Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's disease (PD) is a debilitating condition that affects a sizable number of men worldwide. Current treatment options consist of oral therapy, intralesional injections, and surgery. Penile stretching has been used as a treatment for PD, including penile traction therapy (PTT) and vacuum erection devices (VEDs), with numerous trials completed or underway. AIM: To present and summarize the current literature on penile stretching for the treatment of PD...
January 4, 2019: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612977/penile-girth-enlargement-strategies-what-s-the-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Marah C Hehemann, Maxwell Towe, Linda My Huynh, Farouk M El-Khatib, Faysal A Yafi
INTRODUCTION: Most men seeking penile girth augmentation have physiologically normal penises but may suffer from severe preoccupation with penis size known as penile dysmorphophobic disorder. AIM: To describe the medical, procedural, and reconstructive techniques available for penile girth enhancement and to review the success and complications of each modality. METHODS: A comprehensive review of peer-reviewed publications on the topic was performed through a PubMed search...
January 4, 2019: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30612976/the-role-of-nocturnal-penile-tumescence-and-rigidity-nptr-monitoring-in-the-diagnosis-of-psychogenic-erectile-dysfunction-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Zijun Zou, Haocheng Lin, Yan Zhang, Run Wang
INTRODUCTION: Nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity (NPTR) monitoring with RigiScan was considered one of the most reliable methods to differentiate psychogenic erectile dysfunction (pED) from organic ED. However, its reliability has been questioned because of some limitations in the practice. AIM: To present contemporary views on the role of NPTR monitoring in the diagnosis of pED. METHOD: We performed a comprehensive review of English-language literature on NPTR and pED by a PubMed search...
January 3, 2019: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30551977/the-rear-tip-extender-for-inflatable-penile-prostheses-introduction-of-rigidity-factor-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Nannan Thirumavalavan, Billy H Cordon, Martin S Gross, Jeffrey Taylor, Jean-Francois Eid
INTRODUCTION: Rear tip extenders (RTEs) are often used in penile prosthesis surgery, and their value and use have varied with the evolution of penile prostheses. AIM: To review the literature addressing RTEs and to introduce a new term, rigidity factor, which quantifies the ratio of inflatable to non-inflatable component of the cylinders. METHODS: The urologic literature was reviewed for all mention of RTEs. In addition, literature regarding penile prostheses was explored for mention of RTEs...
December 11, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30522888/clomiphene-citrate-for-the-treatment-of-hypogonadism
#5
REVIEW
Karen M Wheeler, Devang Sharma, Parviz K Kavoussi, Ryan P Smith, Raymond Costabile
INTRODUCTION: Clomiphene citrate (CC) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator that has been used for the treatment of hypogonadism in men since the 1970s. It acts centrally to increase secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone, thereby increasing testosterone production and serum levels. Unlike testosterone replacement therapy, CC does not suppress the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, preserving intratesticular testosterone production and spermatogenesis...
December 3, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503797/selective-androgen-receptor-modulators-current-knowledge-and-clinical-applications
#6
REVIEW
Zachary J Solomon, Jorge Rivera Mirabal, Daniel J Mazur, Taylor P Kohn, Larry I Lipshultz, Alexander W Pastuszak
INTRODUCTION: Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) differentially bind to androgen receptors depending on each SARM's chemical structure. As a result, SARMs result in anabolic cellular activity while avoiding many of the side effects of currently available anabolic steroids. SARMs have been studied in the treatment of breast cancer and cachexia and have also been used as performance-enhancing agents. Here, we evaluate and summarize the current literature on SARMs. AIM: To present the background, mechanisms, current and potential clinical applications, as well as risks and benefits of SARMs...
November 29, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503796/review-of-management-options-for-active-phase-peyronie-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Scott C Brimley, Faysal A Yafi, Jacob Greenberg, Wayne J G Hellstrom, Hoang Minh Tue Nguyen, Georgios Hatzichristodoulou
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's disease (PD) is a fibrotic disorder that leads to plaque formation in ∼3-9% of adult men. Connective tissue buildup results in plaque formation, penile curvature and shortening, and in some cases, pain. In the active phase of PD, penile pain is a common symptom, often accompanied by progression in curvature. Treatment options for PD include oral drugs, topical cream, intralesional injections, traction, and shock wave therapy. This article reviews the different treatment options for active-phase PD...
November 29, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503795/placement-of-inflatable-penile-implants-in-patients-with-prior-radical-pelvic-surgery-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
SriGita K Madiraju, Tariq S Hakky, Paul E Perito, Jared J Wallen
BACKGROUND: Penile prosthesis for erectile restoration remains the only surgical option for medical refractory erectile dysfunction. Many expert prosthetic surgeons recommend special care when placing a reservoir in a patient who has undergone prior radical pelvic surgery (PRPS) due to distortion of anatomy and obliteration of the dead space in the traditionally used space of Retzius. AIM: Review all the current literature on penile prosthesis implantation in patients with prior pelvic surgery, with an emphasis on tips and tricks for reservoir placement in this unique population...
November 29, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503794/sexual-quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-with-penile-prostheses
#9
REVIEW
Gregory J Barton, Evan C Carlos, Aaron C Lentz
INTRODUCTION: Penile prosthesis (PP) implantation is associated with high patient satisfaction and improved sexual quality of life (SQoL). The SQoL benefits of PP implantation are generalizable across subpopulations of PP implant patients, but the literature is heterogeneous in design and largely without instruments to specifically measure SQoL changes due to PP, requiring extrapolation from less granular measures. AIM: To provide a comprehensive review of available literature regarding SQoL with a penile prosthesis...
November 29, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503727/unintended-consequences-a-review-of-pharmacologically-induced-priapism
#10
REVIEW
Nikolas D Scherzer, Amit G Reddy, Tan V Le, David Chernobylsky, Wayne J G Hellstrom
BACKGROUND: Priapism has been linked to many commonly prescribed medications, as well as recreational drugs and toxins. Although the incidence of priapism as a result of medication is small, the increasing use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, and recreational drugs may lead to more cases of pharmacologically-induced priapism in the future. AIM: To provide a comprehensive, up-to-date review of the most common causes of pharmacologically induced priapism and discuss incidence, pathophysiology, and basic management strategies...
November 28, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458985/effect-of-thyroid-hormone-derangements-on-sexual-function-in-men-and-women
#11
REVIEW
Jenna N Bates, Taylor P Kohn, Alexander W Pastuszak
INTRODUCTION: Sexual dysfunction affects many people, with 33‒60% of women reporting sexual dysfunction and 8‒52% of men with erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation. In an effort to determine the constellation of factors responsible for sexual dysfunction, the effect of thyroid hormone derangements has been of recent interest. AIM: To investigate the associations between thyroid hormones and sexual dysfunction in women and men. METHODS: Literature was reviewed to examine the effects of hypo- and hyperthyroidism on sexual function...
November 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30458984/male-genital-dermatology-a-primer-for-the-sexual-medicine-physician
#12
REVIEW
Andrew T Gabrielson, Tan V Le, Christopher Fontenot, Mustafa Usta, Wayne J G Hellstrom
INTRODUCTION: The dermatologic conditions affecting the male genitalia are diverse and range from normal variants and benign growths to overt malignancy. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of urologic dermatology training in most residency programs, and many dermatologic lesions with a classic appearance on other areas of the body may have atypical presentations on the genitalia. Patients may present to a variety of physicians without receiving a definitive diagnosis, which can be highly distressing to the afflicted individual...
November 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30621963/us-state-department-memo-proposes-to-ban-the-word-sex
#13
EDITORIAL
Irwin Goldstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30509896/a-user-s-guide-for-surgery-involving-the-artificial-urinary-sphincter
#14
REVIEW
Jyoti D Chouhan, Ryan P Terlecki
INTRODUCTION: The artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) has long been regarded as the gold standard for surgical correction of male stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Despite impressive rates of initial success for restoration of continence, durability may wane to the point of considering revision surgery. AIM: To provide a review of existing data as well as personal experience regarding patient selection, surgical technique, and postoperative troubleshooting for the AUS...
January 2019: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30503726/the-role-of-physical-therapy-in-sexual-health-in-men-and-women-evaluation-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Amy Stein, Sara K Sauder, Jessica Reale
INTRODUCTION: Many conditions of pelvic and sexual dysfunction can be addressed successfully through pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) through various manual therapy techniques, neuromuscular reeducation, and behavioral modifications. The field of pelvic rehabilitation, including sexual health, continues to advance to modify these techniques according to a biopsychosocial model. AIM: To provide an update on peer-reviewed literature on the role of PFPT in the evaluation and treatment of pelvic and sexual dysfunctions in men and women owing to the overactive and the underactive pelvic floor...
January 2019: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30342856/trazodone-in-sexual-medicine-underused-and-overdosed
#16
REVIEW
Robert E Pyke
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) remains unfulfilled. The only approved medication, flibanserin (FLI), is highly underused owing to concerns about central nervous system (CNS) depression and interactions. Trazodone (TRZ), which is not often used for sexual problems, has evidence suggesting efficacy but similar concerns. AIM: To explore whether the pharmacologic similarities between TRZ and FLI could allow treatment of HSDD without CNS depression...
October 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301708/new-developments-in-surgical-treatment-for-penile-size-preservation-in-peyronie-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Brittani Barrett-Harlow, Jonathan Clavell-Hernandez, Run Wang
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's disease (PD) is associated with penile length loss due to atrophy that occurs as a result of fibrous inelastic scarring. Studies have shown diminished penile length and girth, as well as the inability to participate in sexual activity, can lead to decreased quality of life, emotional challenges, and sexual dissatisfaction in a large percentage of men. AIM: To provide a summary of the new developments in the surgical techniques available for the PD patient, with a focus on procedures that provide penile size restoration...
October 6, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301707/the-serendipitous-story-of-sildenafil-an-unexpected-oral-therapy-for-erectile-dysfunction
#18
REVIEW
Irwin Goldstein, Arthur L Burnett, Raymond C Rosen, Peter W Park, Vera J Stecher
INTRODUCTION: The serendipitous discovery of sildenafil (Viagra [sildenafil citrate]) as a treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) is one of the most fascinating drug development stories of our time. When sildenafil was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1998, it revolutionized the treatment protocol for men with ED, once considered a psychological issue or an inevitable part of aging. AIM: To review the discovery of sildenafil and its role in changing the field of sexual medicine in the context of the epidemiology and history of treatment for ED...
October 6, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301706/genital-sensations-in-persistent-genital-arousal-disorder-a-case-for-an-overarching-nosology-of-genitopelvic-dysesthesias
#19
REVIEW
Caroline F Pukall, Robyn Jackowich, Kayla Mooney, Susan M Chamberlain
INTRODUCTION: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a highly distressing and poorly understood condition characterized by unwanted sensations of genital arousal in the absence of subjective sexual desire. Research has shown that some individuals with PGAD also report orgasm, urinary, and pain symptoms, with 1 recent study specifically comparing a "painful persistent genital arousal symptom" group to a "non-painful persistent genital arousal symptom" group on various indicators given the highly frequent report of comorbid genitopelvic pain in their sample...
October 6, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301705/the-effect-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercise-on-female-sexual-function-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Sahar Sadat Sobhgol, Holly Priddis, Caroline A Smith, Hannah Grace Dahlen
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) is recommended as a first-line treatment for urinary incontinence. However, a review of the literature suggests the effect of PFME on sexual function (SF), particularly during pregnancy and the postpartum period, is understudied. AIM: To assess the effect of PFME on SF during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: The following databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCOhost), Health Collection (Informit), PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information), Embase (Ovid), MEDLINE, Cochrane, Health Source, Scopus, Wiley, Health & Medical Complete (ProQuest), Joanna Briggs Institute, and Google Scholar...
October 6, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
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