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Emergency (Tehran, Iran)

Maysam Yousefi, Davood Yadegarynia, Ensieh Lotfali, Zahra Arab-Mazar, Ali Ghajari, Alireza Fatemi
Introduction: Febrile neutropenic patients are at risk of serious infections. The aim of the present study is to identify the frequency, species, and susceptibility patterns of candidemia in febrile neutropenic patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on febrile neutropenic patients suspected with candidemia who had been referred to 3 educational hospitals during 9 months. Results: The blood samples of 80 febrile neutropenic patients with the mean age of 48±16...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mitra Rahimi, Mahboubeh Elmi, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Kambiz Soltaninejad, Reza Forouzanfar, Shahin Shadnia
Introduction: Parenteral form of lidocaine is the best-known source of lidocaine poisoning. This study aimed to evaluate the characteristics of acute lidocaine toxicity . Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, demographics, clinical presentation, laboratory findings, and outcome of patients intoxicated with lidocaine (based on ICD10 codes) admitted to Loghman Hakim Hospital, during April 2007 to March 2014 were analyzed. Results: 30 cases with the mean age of 21...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Ramazan Güven
Introduction: This study aims to analyze the references that the authors and editors used during the writing of Rosen's Emergency Medicine, 8th edition. Methods: 15,209 references, which were used in 197 chapters of Rosen's Emergency Medicine, 8th edition, were examined regarding the distribution of countries, journals, publication year, and the department of the affiliation of the first author. Results: A total of 63.1% (n = 9591) of the references were led by authors from the United States (US)...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Esraa Ghanem, Muhammad Elgazar, Khaled Oweda, Hussein Tarek, Fathy Assaf, Mostafa Wanees Ahmed El-Husseny, Ahmed Elgebaly, Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk
Introduction: It is important for all medical and paramedical staff to be aware of basic life support (BLS) maneuvers. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the level of BLS awareness among Egyptian medical students. Methods: The level of BLS knowledge was assessed using a validated questionnaire and the results were analyzed using an answer key, prepared from the Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) manual. We used the Student's t-test to analyze the association between awareness level and year of study, previous BLS training and practical experience...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Alireza Majidi, Tala Shahhosseini, Sadrolla Mahmoudi
Introduction: Compared to ordinary people, addicts usually have a lower pain threshold. The current work attempts to compare the performance of local analgesia with lidocaine among opium addicts and non-addicts. Methods: In this case-control study, opium addicts and healthy patients with skin laceration referring to emergency departments of two educational hospitals were compared regarding the response to local anesthesia with lidocaine, as well as side effects...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Gholamreza Faridaalaee, Javad Ahmadian Heris
Anaphylaxis is a serious life-threatening allergic reaction. Any medication may potentially trigger anaphylaxis, but reaction to pantoprazole is rare. Our case is a 21 year-old girl with anaphylactic reaction to pantoprazole a short time after prescription.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Payman Asadi, Ehsan Modirian, Nazanin Dadashpour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Keshvad Hedayatyanfard, Shahin Mohammad Sadeghi, Iman Habibi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Ali Shahrami, Saba Ahmadi, Saeed Safari
Introduction: Screening of high risk patients and accelerating their treatment measures can reduce the burden of the disease caused by acute upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. This study aimed to compare the full and modified Glasgow-Blatchford Bleeding Score (GBS and mGBS) in prediction of in-hospital outcomes of upper GI bleeding. Methods: In the present retrospective cross-sectional study, the accuracy of GBS and mGBS models were compared in predicting the outcome of patients over 18 years of age with acute upper GI bleeding confirmed via endoscopy, presenting to the emergency departments of 3 teaching hospitals during 4 years...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Saeed Safari, Behrouz Hashemi, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Mehrnoush Shahhoseini, Meysam Heidari
Introduction: Elimination of preventable deaths due to acute kidney injury (AKI) in low-income countries by 2025 is an important healthcare goal at the international level. The present study was designed with the aim of evaluating the prevalence and outcome of AKI in patients presenting to emergency department. Methods: The present cross-sectional, retrospective study was performed on patients that presented to the emergency departments of 3 major teaching hospitals, Tehran, Iran, between 2005 and 2015 and were diagnosed with AKI...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Nasim Ghafourian, Fatemeh Mahdizadeh, Mina Zavareh, Mitra Ahmadi, Mohammad Hossein Askarzadeh, Fatemeh Jalili
Traumatic pulmonary pseudocyst is a rare complication of chest trauma that has been poorly documented and usually resolves without specific treatment. Here, we present a case of pulmonary pseudocyst in a child with chest trauma without obvious symptoms. It is important to consider this diagnosis in patients with chest trauma to avoid unnecessary invasive procedures.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mohammadreza Maleki Verki, Hassan Motamed
Rectus sheath hematoma is a rare but well-known problem. Exercise, pregnancy, subcutaneous injection of insulin, abdominal surgery and severe coughs can be predisposing factors of hemorrhage in the mentioned muscle sheath. Here, we will discuss a case of rectus sheath hematoma in a 28 year-old female patient who presented to emergency department with complaint of abdominal pain and improved in 1 week with palliative care.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Matthias Wittstock, Johannes Buchmann, Uwe Walter, Johannes Rösche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mohamad Sorani, Sogand Tourani, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Sirous Panahi
Introduction: Prehospital Emergency Medical Care (EMC) is a critical service in disaster management. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of prehospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS) during disaster response in Iran. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted from April 2015 to March 2017. Data were collected through in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 23 experienced individuals in the field of disaster that were selected using purposeful sampling...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mahdi Pishgahi, Toktam Alirezaei, Behzad Hajimoradi, S Mojtaba Nekooghadam, Shima Shahi
In massive pulmonary embolism (PE), fibrinolytic therapy is a potential lifesaving treatment; therefore, if other treatments are not available, the physicians encounter this question: can we accept the risk of complications from fibrinolytic therapy, especially intracranial hemorrhage, in the presence of absolute contraindication, in order to save the patient's life? Here, we describe three cases of massive PE with absolute contraindication for fibrinolytic therapy who presented to emergency department following dyspnea...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Ali Arhami Dolatabadi, Aida Mohammadian, Hamid Kariman
Introduction: Finding a fast-acting compound with minimal side-effects to induce a safe and efficient analgesia with short or medium duration of action is of great interest in the emergency department. The present study has been designed with the aim of comparing the effect of midazolam + fentanyl + lidocaine combination with midazolam + fentanyl + placebo in pain management of anterior shoulder dislocation reduction. Methods: The present two-arm parallel double-blind randomized controlled trial was performed on patients who presented to emergency department with anterior shoulder dislocation...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Alireza Majidi, Sasan Saket, Zohreh Nabizadeh Gharghozar, Ehsan Akrami, Seyed Mohsen Fayyazi
Hopkins syndrome (HS) is a flaccid paralysis resembling poliomyelitis that has been seen in some children who are recovering from an acute episode of asthma. This syndrome should be suspected based on clinical findings even before the occurrence of characteristic breathing patterns and epilepsy. We report a 14-year-old boy who had experienced an episode of HS.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Isabel Isabel, Andrew Appelboam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mehrdad Esmailian, Mahboubeh Koushkian Esfahani, Farhad Heydari
Introduction: Efficient treatment of asthma can play an important role in controlling asthma attacks, rapid recovery and decrease of patient mortality. Therefore, in the present study the therapeutic effect of low-dose ketamine is evaluated in patients with acute asthma attack. Methods: In the present single-blind, randomized clinical trial with placebo control, the effect of low-dose intravenous ketamine in treating 18 to 85 year-old asthmatic patients who presented to the emergency department was evaluated...
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Mohammad Ali Emam Hadi, Fares Najari, Leila Soleimani
Echinococcosis is an infection caused in human by complex parasites that causes cystic hydatid disease. These infections are prevalent in most areas where livestock is raised in association with dogs. These parasites are found in all continents. Slowly enlarging cysts generally remain asymptomatic until their size has expanded. Here we present a case of sudden death following cyst emboli to the large veins and right heart of a young adult female.
2018: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
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