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JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398988/protected-mealtimes-for-adults-with-cancer-in-a-hematology-oncology-setting-an-evidence-based-implementation-project
#1
Benazir Naseer, Solano S G Tan, Seri S Ramli, Emily Ang
BACKGROUND: Patients with cancer are often at risk or suffer from some form of malnutrition, which could be attributed to their disease progression or the adverse effects of cancer treatment. Protected mealtime and offering assistance during mealtime may not improve their nutritional status but would allow them to enjoy their meal and improve patient satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this project was to promote best practice in protecting mealtimes in hematology-oncology patients...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398987/predicting-risk-and-outcomes-for-frail-older-adults-an-umbrella-review-of-frailty-screening-tools
#2
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Carol Holland
BACKGROUND: A scoping search identified systematic reviews on diagnostic accuracy and predictive ability of frailty measures in older adults. In most cases, research was confined to specific assessment measures related to a specific clinical model. OBJECTIVES: To summarize the best available evidence from systematic reviews in relation to reliability, validity, diagnostic accuracy and predictive ability of frailty measures in older adults. INCLUSION CRITERIA POPULATION: Older adults aged 60 years or older recruited from community, primary care, long-term residential care and hospitals...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#3
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398985/effectiveness-of-family-interventions-on-psychological-distress-and-expressed-emotion-in-family-members-of-individuals-diagnosed-with-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#4
Wilai Napa, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Nisakorn Pothimas
BACKGROUND: A critical period for persons with first-episode psychosis is the first two years after diagnosis, when they are at high risk of suicide attempts, violent behaviors and substance abuse. This period also has a great impact on the psychological distress of family members, particularly caregivers who either provide care or live with ill family members. In addition, the families also report feelings of being overwhelmed when accessing service facilities at this critical point...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398984/experiences-of-pre-licensure-or-pre-registration-health-professional-students-and-their-educators-in-working-with-intra-professional-teams-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#5
Diane L Butcher, Karen MacKinnon, Anne Bruce, Carol Gordon, Clare Koning
BACKGROUND: Inter-professional initiatives are prevalent in the healthcare landscape, requiring professionals to collaborate effectively to provide quality patient care. Little attention has been given to intra-professional relationships, where professionals within one disciplinary domain (such as degree and diploma nursing students) collaborate to provide care. New care models are being introduced where baccalaureate and diploma students of a particular discipline (such as nursing, occupational therapy, dentistry or physiotherapy) work closely together in teams to deliver care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398983/effectiveness-of-educational-or-behavioral-interventions-on-adherence-to-phosphate-control-in-adults-receiving-hemodialysis-a-systematic-review
#6
Molly Milazi, Ann Bonner, Clint Douglas
BACKGROUND: People with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) develop impaired excretion of phosphate. Hyperphosphatemia develops in ESKD as a result of the kidney's reduced ability to excrete ingested phosphate load and is characterized by high bone turnover and increased musculoskeletal morbidity including bone pain and muscle weakness. Increased serum phosphate levels are also associated with cardiovascular disease and associated mortality. These effects are significant considering that cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in ESKD, making phosphate control a crucial treatment goal...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398982/effectiveness-of-silexan-oral-lavender-essential-oil-compared-to-inhaled-lavender-essential-oil-aromatherapy-on-sleep-in-adults-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Martha J Greenberg, Jason T Slyer
The objective of this review is to identify the effectiveness of Silexan oral lavender essential oil compared to inhaled lavender essential oil aromatherapy on sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep quality, disturbed sleep and anxiety in adult patients.
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398981/effectiveness-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-in-treating-orthostatic-hypotension-in-the-elderly-and-people-with-a-neurological-condition-a-systematic-review-protocol
#8
Angela Logan, Jonathan Marsden, Jennifer Freeman, Bridie Kent
The objectives of the review are to determine:Specifically, the review question is:What is the evidence base for non-pharmacological interventions in treating orthostatic hypotension (OH) in elderly people and people with a neurological condition?
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398980/comorbidity-assessment-in-localized-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Kim Moretti, Robyn Coombe
The objective of this study is to review and summarize the methods and tools used to measure comorbidity in localized prostate cancer (PCa) and in particular to assess whether these tools are adequately validated and reliable for determining the impact of comorbidity on survival and treatment decisions for this disease.Specifically, the review questions are.
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398979/nurses-experiences-of-medication-administration-to-people-with-swallowing-difficulties-in-aged-care-facilities-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Aida S Forough, Simon Y-M Wong, Esther T-L Lau, Jose Manuel Serrano Santos, Greg J Kyle, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
The objective of this review is to identify the experiences of nurses in administering oral medications to residents of aged care facilities with swallowing difficulties.More specifically, the review question is:What problems do nurses experience when administering oral medicines to people with swallowing difficulties living in aged care facilities?
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398978/clinical-effectiveness-cost-effectiveness-and-acceptability-of-community-based-management-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Davoud Pourmarzi, Lisa Hall, Tony Rahman, David Lim, Gerard FitzGerald
The current mixed methods review aims to develop an aggregated synthesis of quantitative, qualitative and economic systematic evidence on chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection management intervention delivered in community settings so as to gain an increased understanding of the clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and acceptability of community-based chronic HCV management. This review will contribute to the development of a community-based chronic HCV intervention and inform clinical practice and policy discussion...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398977/effect-of-international-normalized-ratio-monitoring-at-home-versus-the-clinic-on-monitoring-adherence-in-adults-taking-oral-anticoagulant-medications-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Lynndi M Price, Elizabeth Hinton
The objective of this review is to compare International Normalized Ratio (INR) monitoring adherence in two different settings: the outpatient INR clinic and the patient's home or residence. The review seeks to identify non-adherence trends in both settings to help providers determine which setting is best for patients on warfarin to improve INR monitoring adherence. Improved INR monitoring adherence correlates with maintaining routine INR testing.Specifically, the review question is what is the effect of home point-of-care INR monitoring compared to clinic monitoring on INR monitoring adherence in adults taking oral anticoagulant medications?...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398976/teaching-and-learning-theories-and-teaching-methods-used-in-postgraduate-education-in-the-health-sciences-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Patricia A McInerney, Lionel P Green-Thompson
The objective of this scoping review is to determine the theories of teaching and learning, and/or models and/or methods used in teaching in postgraduate education in the health sciences. The longer term objective is to use the information gathered to design a workshop for teachers of postgraduate students.The question that this review seeks to answer is: what theories of teaching and learning, and/or models and/or methods of teaching are used in postgraduate teaching?
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398975/effectiveness-of-the-manchester-triage-system-on-time-to-treatment-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Emilia A Cicolo, Fernanda Ayache Nishi, Heloísa H Ciqueto Peres, Diná de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da Cruz
The review aims to find the best available evidence on the effectiveness of the Manchester Triage System on time to treatment in the emergency department.
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398974/future-needs-for-nursing-talent-in-scandinavian-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Randi K Jakobsen, Sine M Herholdt-Lomholdt
The aim of this review is to systematically identify, appraise and synthesize available text and opinion papers from policy-makers and trade unions in Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Sweden and Norway) containing information about nursing talent needed in healthcare systems for the future. The overall objective is to identify and synthesize the opinions of various stakeholders of what they believe is required in terms of nursing talent in Scandinavia.In this review, "nursing talent" refers to certain skills or competencies that are essential within nursing to meet the challenges and demands of future health care...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398973/effectiveness-of-nurse-initiated-interventions-on-patient-outcomes-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review-protocol
#16
Luke Burgess, Kate Kynoch
The objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of nurse-initiated interventions (NIIs) on patient outcomes in the emergency department (ED).More specifically, the objectives are to identify the effectiveness of NIIs, including but not limited to, nurse-initiated medications, nurse-initiated intravenous fluid therapy and nurse-initiated pathology on patient waiting time, time to treatment, length of stay, pain levels, symptom relief, patient satisfaction, leave without being seen rates and mortality rates in ED settings...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398972/effectiveness-of-amylmetacresol-and-2-4-dichlorobenzyl-alcohol-throat-lozenges-in-patients-with-acute-sore-throat-due-to-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-a-systematic-review-protocol
#17
Ting W Tan, Bi C Chen, Han L Tan, Chih M Chang
This review aims to determine the best available evidence related to the effectiveness of amylmetacresol and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol throat lozenges in patients with acute sore throat due to upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). The objective is to examine the analgesic properties of amylmetacresol and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol (AMC/DCBA) throat lozenge comparing with placebo for the relief of pain in patients with acute sore throat due to URTIs.The review question is:More specifically, the objectives are to...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398971/registered-nurses-experiences-of-organizational-change-in-acute-care-settings-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Darlaine Jantzen, Lorelli Nowell, Patricia Scott
The objective of this review is to explore how registered nurses working in acute care settings experience organizational change.
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398970/demystifying-intention-to-treat-analyses
#19
Catalin Tufanaru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267035/interventions-for-healthcare-professionals-organizations-and-patients-to-enhance-quality-of-life-for-people-diagnosed-with-palliative-esophagogastric-cancer-a-systematic-review
#20
Alison Cowley, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Joanne Cooper
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastric (EG) cancer is the fifth most common malignancy, and its incidence is increasing. The disease is fast paced, and five-year survival rates are poor. Treatment with palliative intent is provided for the majority of patients but there remains a lack of empirical evidence into the most effective service models to support EG cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: The overall objective of this quantitative systematic review was to establish best practice in relation to interventions targeted at healthcare professionals or the structures in which healthcare professionals deliver care (i...
March 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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