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JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628525/assessing-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-manchester-triage-system-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-adult-patients-in-emergency-care-a-systematic-review
#1
Fernanda Ayache Nishi, Flávia de Oliveira Motta Maia, Itamar de Souza Santos, Dina de Almeida Lopes Monteiro da Cruz
BACKGROUND: Triage is the first assessment and sorting process used to prioritize patients arriving in the emergency department (ED). As a triage tool, the Manchester Triage System (MTS) must have a high sensitivity to minimize the occurrence of under-triage, but must not compromise specificity to avoid the occurrence of overtriage. Sensitivity and specificity of the MTS can be calculated using the frequency of appropriately assigned clinical priority levels for patients presenting to the ED...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628524/experiences-of-non-specialist-nurses-caring-for-patients-and-their-significant-others-undergoing-transitions-during-palliative-end-of-life-cancer-care-a-systematic-review
#2
Hrønn Thorn, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
BACKGROUND: Non-specialist nurses, who are providing palliative end-of-life cancer care to patients and significant others undergoing psychosocial and existential transitions, may experience dissatisfaction, frustration and sorrow. On the other hand, they may also experience happiness, increased knowledge and personal growth. OBJECTIVE/QUESTION: What are non-specialist nurses' experiences when providing palliative end-of-life cancer care that involves the psychosocial and existential transitions of their patients and significant others? INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review considered studies that included a description of the experiences of non-specialist trained registered nurses (RNs) working in non-specialist wards...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628523/effectiveness-of-surgery-for-adults-with-hallux-valgus-deformity-a-systematic-review
#3
Jitka Klugarova, Victoria Hood, Fiona Bath-Hextall, Miloslav Klugar, Jana Mareckova, Zuzana Kelnarova
BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is a common foot deformity. In severe stages of this condition, surgery is often necessary. Currently, there is no systematic review comparing the effectiveness of surgery over conservative treatment. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to establish the effectiveness of surgery compared to conservatory management for adults with HV. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: The current review included adults (18 years or over) with HV deformity, excluding adults with neurological problems causing foot deformities, for example, cerebral palsy, neuropathy, stroke and multiple sclerosis...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628522/patient-experiences-of-partnering-with-healthcare-professionals-for-hand-hygiene-compliance-a-systematic-review
#4
Samantha Butenko, Craig Lockwood, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections pose a significant risk to patients in acute healthcare settings such as hospitals. Increasingly, patients are encouraged to be active participants and partner with healthcare professionals to positively influence their own safety and overall experience throughout their healthcare journey. Patient-focused safety initiatives include the empowerment of patients to be active partners with healthcare professionals in order to influence the hand hygiene behaviors and compliance of the healthcare professionals providing care to them...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628521/experiences-of-acute-pain-in-children-who-present-to-a-healthcare-facility-for-treatment-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#5
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Ruth McConigley, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
BACKGROUND: Pain is a universal and complex phenomenon that is personal, subjective and specific. Despite growing knowledge in pediatric pain, management of children's pain remains sub-optimal and is linked to negative behavioral and physiological consequences later in life. As there is no synthesis of these studies, it was timely to undertake a systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesize the existing qualitative evidence on children's experiences of acute pain, including pain management, within a healthcare facility...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628520/effectiveness-of-teaching-strategies-to-improve-critical-thinking-in-nurses-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Fábio da Costa Carbogim, Larissa Bertacchini de Oliveira, Guilherme Gushiken de Campos, Esther Alves de Araújo Nunes, Katiusse Rezende Alves, Vilanice Alves de Araújo Püschel
The aim of this review is to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of teaching strategies aimed at improving critical thinking (CT) in registered nurses who provide direct patient care. Specifically, the research question is: What are the best teaching strategies to improve CT skills in registered nurses who provide direct patient care?
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628519/comparative-efficacy-of-lifestyle-intervention-strategies-on-weight-outcomes-in-people-with-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-protocol
#7
Doreen W Mucheru, Mary-Claire Hanlon, Mark McEvoy, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE:: (i) To systematically review and rank the efficacy of different types of lifestyle intervention strategies on weight outcomes (weight, body mass index [BMI], waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio) in people with psychosis. (The efficacy of different types of lifestyle intervention strategies will be ranked by comparing the effect size on weight outcomes in people with psychotic disorders.) (ii) To stratify lifestyle interventions that target weight outcomes (weight, BMI, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio) in people with psychosis, according to their inclusion of dietary information that adheres with Australian Dietary Guidelines (National Health and Medical Research Council...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628518/identifying-predictors-of-change-in-the-severity-of-untreated-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-men-a-systematic-review-protocol
#8
Simon J D Harley, Gary Wittert, Nicholas R Brook, Paul Secombe, Jared Campbell, Craig Lockwood
The objective of this systematic review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the predictors of change in the severity of untreated lower urinary tract symptoms in men in a non-hospital setting.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628517/experiences-of-stigma-among-family-members-of-persons-living-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Susan Maiocco, Ellen Shelley, Susan Salmond, Sarah T Jewell, Barbara Caldwell, Michelle Lieggi
The aim of this qualitative systematic review is to explicate the experiences of stigma among family members of persons living with schizophrenia in any setting where they receive care. More specifically, the review will: (i) describe the experiences of stigma among family members of persons living with schizophrenia, (ii) describe the factors that influence the experiences of stigma, and (iii) describe the strategies and approaches used to cope with the stigma.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628516/risk-factors-for-readmission-to-hospital-in-adult-patients-with-heart-failure-and-reduced-ejection-fraction-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Inge Schjødt, Palle Larsen, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Anna Strömberg, Brian Bridal Løgstrup
The objective of this systematic review is to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on risk factors associated with hospital readmission at different time points within the first year after heart failure (HF) hospitalization in patients suffering from HF with reduced ejection fraction (EF).More specifically, the question is: what are the risk factors for the prediction of hospital readmission within seven, 15, 30, 60, 90, 180 and 365 days of discharge in hospitalized patients with HF with reduced EF aged 18 years or older?...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628515/effectiveness-of-self-administered-decision-aids-for-people-invited-to-participate-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Mette Bach Larsen, Pernille Gabel, Berit Andersen
The objective is to assess the effectiveness of self-administered decision aids for people invited to participate in colorectal cancer screening. We will evaluate effects on informed choice, decisional conflict, knowledge, and participation in colorectal cancer screening.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628514/effects-of-dexamethasone-on-sugammadex-reversal-times-of-rocuronium-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Cassie R Held, Mackenzie D Sullivan
The objective of the review is to identify the effect of dexamethasone on reversal times of rocuronium when utilizing sugammadex as the reversal agent. The incidence of the prolonged time to extubation in patients who have received concurrent dexamethasone and sugammadex therapies as opposed to those who have not received dexamethasone will also be examined.The proposed PICO question is as follows: In patients undergoing reversal of aminosteroidal neuromuscular blockade with rocuronium, does dexamethasone administration affect sugammadex reversal times, as compared to patients who have not received dexamethasone?...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628513/indicators-to-measure-pre-hospital-care-quality-a-scoping-review-protocol
#13
Robin Pap, Craig Lockwood, Matthew Stephenson, Paul Simpson
The current scoping review seeks to locate, examine and describe international literature on indicators used to measure pre-hospital care quality. Specifically, the review will.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628512/the-impact-of-the-helping-babies-survive-program-on-neonatal-outcomes-and-health-provider-skills-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Justine Dol, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Gail Tomblin-Murphy, Megan Aston, Douglas McMillan, Brianna Richardson
The objective of this review is to evaluate the impact of the Helping Babies Survive program on neonatal outcomes and healthcare provider knowledge and skills. This quantitative review will aim to answer the following question: What is the impact of the Helping Babies Survive modules (Helping Babies Breathe, Essential Care for Every Baby and Essential Care for Small Babies) on neonatal outcomes and health provider knowledge and skills?
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628511/absolute-clinical-skill-decay-in-the-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-professions-a-scoping-review-protocol
#15
Valerie Maehle, Kay Cooper, Pamela Kirkpatrick
The objective of this scoping review is to examine and map absolute clinical skill decay in the medical, nursing and allied health professions and to map the range of approaches used to address decay of clinical skills in these professions.Specifically, the review questions are: which clinical skills, performed by which professional groups, are reported to be most susceptible to absolute clinical skill decay, and what approaches have been reported for addressing absolute clinical skill decay in the medical, nursing and allied health professions?In addressing the review questions, the following sub-questions will also be addressed:It is anticipated that this scoping review will inform further systematic review/s on the topic of addressing clinical skill decay in the medical, nursing and allied health professions, as well as identify gaps in the research knowledge base that will inform further primary research...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628510/effectiveness-of-vocational-rehabilitation-on-work-participation-in-adults-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-an-umbrella-review-protocol
#16
Lyndsay Alexander, Kay Cooper, Dawn Mitchell, Colin MacLean
The objective of this umbrella review is to determine the effectiveness of vocational rehabilitation on work participation in working age adults with musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). More specifically the review will address the following questions.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628509/medication-safety-programs-in-primary-care-a-scoping-review-protocol
#17
Hanan Khalil, Libby Roughead
The objective of this scoping review is to examine the characteristics of medication safety programs in the primary care setting and to map evidence on the outcome measures used to assess the effectiveness of medication safety programs in improving patient safety.The current review will be guided by the following research questions.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628508/efficacy-of-a-respiratory-physiotherapy-intervention-for-intubated-and-mechanically-ventilated-adults-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-systematic-review-protocol
#18
Lisa van der Lee, Anne-Marie Hill, Shane Patman
The objective of the review is to map evidence on the efficacy of a respiratory physiotherapy intervention for intubated and mechanically ventilated adults with community acquired pneumonia (CAP). Specifically, the review seeks to investigate if respiratory physiotherapy interventions can achieve the following for intubated and mechanically ventilated adults with CAP.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628507/patient-reported-outcomes-following-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-or-chemoradiotherapy-treatment-for-esophageal-cancer-a-scoping-review-protocol
#19
Camilla Trenerry, Micah D J Peters, Nadia Corsini, Raechel A Damarell, Carlene Wilson, Ingrid Flight
The objective of this scoping review is to identify, describe and compare studies investigating patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in esophageal cancer patients following neoadjuvant (preoperative) chemotherapy (CT) and surgery or neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and surgery.After preliminary searching of the literature and consultation with experts in the fields of esophageal cancer surgery, behavioral science, information systems and scoping review methodology, the following research objectives were defined as follows...
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628506/why-we-need-to-research-with-children-not-on-children
#20
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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