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JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085734/implementing-evidence-based-continuous-quality-improvement-strategies-in-an-urban-aboriginal-community-controlled-health-service-in-south-east-queensland-a-best-practice-implementation-pilot
#1
Sandra Hogg, Yvette Roe, Richard Mills
BACKGROUND: The Institute for Urban Indigenous Health believes that continuous quality improvement (CQI) contributes to the delivery of high-quality care, thereby improving health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The opening of a new health service in 2015 provided an opportunity to implement best practice CQI strategies and apply them to a regional influenza vaccination campaign. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to implement an evidence-based CQI process within one Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service in South East Queensland and use staff engagement as a measure of success...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085733/management-of-perineal-pain-among-postpartum-women-in-an-obstetric-and-gynecological-hospital-in-china-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#2
Yu Zhang, Li Huang, Yan Ding, Yajing Shi, Jiaying Chen, Alexa McArthur
BACKGROUND: Perineal pain is a serious condition that may negatively impact a significant number of postpartum women. Healthcare professionals, including midwives and nurses, are available to support women 24 hours a day during this period in hospital and are in an ideal position to assist in the management of perineal pain for postpartum women. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this evidence implementation project was to improve management of perineal pain among postpartum women in Ward 21 of the Obstetric and Gynecological Hospital, Fudan University...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085732/effectiveness-of-probiotics-in-reducing-the-incidence-of-clostridium-difficile-associated-diarrhea-in-elderly-patients-a-systematic-review
#3
Marina Vernaya, Jennifer McAdam, Michelle DeCoux Hampton
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile bacteria are a leading cause of infectious diarrhea. This is an anaerobic, gram-positive and spore-forming rod responsible for significant morbidity and mortality, especially among elderly hospitalized patients. Standard management of C. difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) consists of discontinuing a causative antibiotic, correcting fluid-electrolytes imbalance and initiating an antibiotic treatment for CDAD. Alternative approaches for prevention of CDAD include probiotics...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085731/effectiveness-of-rifampicin-streptomycin-for-treatment-of-buruli-ulcer-a-systematic-review
#4
Asahngwa Tanywe, Ritin S Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer (BU) disease is a chronic ulcerative skin disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, which can lead to extensive destruction of the skin, soft tissues and occasionally of bones. Although several antibiotics have demonstrated bactericidal activity against M. ulcerans in vitro, no consensus on their clinical efficacy against M. ulcerans in humans has been reached. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the systematic review was to examine the clinical effectiveness of various antibiotic regimens for the treatment of BUs...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085730/the-use-of-therapeutic-magnesium-for-neuroprotection-during-global-cerebral-ischemia-associated-with-cardiac-arrest-and-cardiac-surgery-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
Anna Pearce, Craig Lockwood, Corinna van den Heuvel, James Pearce
BACKGROUND: Global cerebral ischemia occurs due to reduced blood supply to the brain. This is commonly caused by a cessation of myocardial activity associated with cardiac arrest and cardiac surgery. Survival is not the only important outcome because neurological dysfunction impacts on quality of life, reducing independent living. Magnesium has been identified as a potential neuroprotective agent; however, its role in this context is not yet clear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to present the best currently available evidence related to the neuroprotective effects of magnesium during a period of global cerebral ischemia in adults with cardiac arrest or cardiac surgery...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085729/effectiveness-of-provider-strategies-for-the-early-recognition-of-clinical-deterioration-due-to-sepsis-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#6
Lindsey Patton, Virginia Young
The objective of this review is to determine the effectiveness of provider strategies for the early recognition of clinical deterioration due to sepsis in pediatric patients. Specifically, the review question is: among pediatric, hospitalized patients, up to 18 years of age, what is the effectiveness of clinical assessment compared with use of early recognition screening tools for the recognition of clinical deterioration due to sepsis?
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085728/effectiveness-of-collaboration-between-emergency-department-and-intensive-care-unit-teams-on-mortality-rates-of-patients-presenting-with-critical-illness-a-quantitative-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Anna Sahadeo, Kerchelle McDowald, Svetlana Direktor, Elizabeth A Hynes, Margaret E Rogers
The objective of this review is to identify the effectiveness of collaboration between emergency department (ED) and intensive care unit teams on mortality rates of critically ill adult patients in the ED.
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085727/effectiveness-of-patient-centered-interventions-on-falls-in-the-acute-care-setting-a-quantitative-systematic-review-protocol
#8
Donna Avanecean, Dawn Calliste, Teresita Contreras, Yeogyeong Lim, Aileen Fitzpatrick
The quantitative objective of this review is to identify the effectiveness of patient-centered interventions on fall rates in adult patients in the acute care setting.
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085726/physical-impairments-and-activity-limitations-experienced-by-people-with-tuberculosis-a-scoping-review-protocol
#9
Helena van Aswegen, Ronel Roos
The objective of this review is to examine and map the range of physical impairments and activity limitations experienced by people infected with tuberculosis (TB). The levels of evidence that are currently available on this topic will also be reported. More specifically, the review questions are: What types of physical impairments and activity limitations have been reported for people infected with TB? What types of rehabilitation strategies are used for people with TB infection to address physical impairments and activity limitations?Findings from this scoping review may inform a systematic review to explore the effectiveness of rehabilitation strategies used to address physical impairments and activity limitations in people with TB infection...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085725/effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-rehabilitation-for-mobility-and-functional-ability-in-adult-stroke-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Kenneth Lo, Matthew Stephenson, Craig Lockwood
The objective of this review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of robotic assistive devices in the rehabilitation of adult stroke patients for recovery of impairments in the upper and lower limbs. The secondary objective is to investigate the sustainability of treatment effects associated with use of robotic devices.The specific review question to be addressed is: can robotic assistive devices help adult stroke patients regain motor movement of their upper and lower limbs?
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085724/efficacy-of-thoracic-paravertebral-block-versus-systemic-analgesia-for-postoperative-thoracotomy-pain-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Emelia Anne Gessling, Meredith Miller
The objective of the systematic review is to synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of thoracic paravertebral block compared with the use of systemic analgesia on postoperative pain in patients who have undergone a thoracotomy procedure.
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085723/the-effect-of-involving-significant-others-in-chronic-pain-programs-for-adult-patients-with-chronic-non-malignant-pain-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Carrinna A Hansen, Palle Larsen
The objective of this review is to identify the effect of the involvement of significant others in chronic pain management programs for adult patients with chronic non-malignant pain on function, self-efficacy and pain.More specifically, the objectives are to identify the effect of involving significant others in chronic management programs for adults with chronic non-malignant pain in primary, secondary or tertiary health care. This is compared to those receiving usual care or other self-management interventions...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085722/the-effect-of-moisturizers-or-creams-on-scars-a-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Tanja Klotz, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris, John Greenwood
The objectives of the review are to identify the effect of any moisturizers or creams (medicated or unmedicated) on immature scars (linear, keloid or hypertrophic) on any persons of any age. Effects will be assessed by changes in scar activity, changes in the final appearance/cosmesis of the scar, improvements in patient reported features of scars (e.g. itch, tightness, range of movement) and/or by altering measurable features of the scar such as vascularity, color, height, length, pliability and/or transepidermal water loss...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085721/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-promotion-programs-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-chronic-diseases-a-scoping-review-protocol
#14
Karla Canuto, Edoardo Aromataris, Craig Lockwood, Catalin Tufanaru, Alex Brown
The scoping review project will identify and describe the existing research on health promotion programs and activities focusing on modifying risk factors (specifically to reduce smoking and alcohol consumption, increase physical activity and improve nutrition and social and emotional wellbeing) and/or improving the management of chronic diseases (specifically obesity, type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular disease) for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples across a diverse range of health and community settings...
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085720/the-influence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-on-upper-limb-arthroplasty-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Annika Theodoulou, Jeganath Krishnan, Edoardo Aromataris
The objective of this review is to locate and synthesize the best available evidence investigating the impact of selected comorbidities on upper limb arthroplasty outcomes.The review question is: Are patients with diabetes mellitus or obesity at an increased risk of complications and/or poorer postoperative outcomes following total shoulder, reverse total shoulder and total elbow arthroplasty?
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085719/risky-business-mis-interpretation-of-observational-evidence
#16
Sandeep Moola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009678/extravasation-management-in-the-pediatric-oncology-ward-of-children-s-hospital-of-fudan-university-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#17
Yingwen Wang, Meijing Kong, Youhong Ge
BACKGROUND: Extravasation in a pediatric patient can cause a serious adverse event, but many nurses have insufficient experience to deal with it during intravenous administration. Our division implemented a best practice project, which included extravasation kit instruction preparation, staff education and an update of institutional policy and procedures. The project focused on auditing the extent to which the protocol was implemented and promoting its implementation. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the project was to establish an evidence-based policy and procedure for extravasation management, improve knowledge regarding best practice of extravasation management among staff and formalize the documentation template for extravasation events...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009677/effectiveness-of-temporary-deafferentation-of-the-arm-on-somatosensory-and-motor-functions-following-stroke-a-systematic-review
#18
Emmanuelle Opsommer, Camille Zwissig, Natalya Korogod, Thomas Weiss
BACKGROUND: After stroke, regaining functional use of the upper limb can be challenging. Temporary deafferentation (TD) is a novel approach used in neurorehabilitation to voluntarily reduce the somatosensory input in a body part by temporary anesthesia; which has been shown to improve sensorimotor functions in the affected limb. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this systematic review was to present the best available evidence related to the effects of TD of the affected arm on the recovery of motor function and activity of the upper limb (arm and hand) following stroke...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009676/effectiveness-of-meaningful-occupation-interventions-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-residential-aged-care-a-systematic-review
#19
Catherine Travers, Deborah Brooks, Sonia Hines, Maria O'Reilly, Mitchell McMaster, Wei He, Margaret MacAndrew, Elaine Fielding, Lina Karlsson, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: The ability to participate in valued activities, whether for work, leisure or family, is an important aspect of personal identity. In dementia, progressive memory loss means that abilities developed over a lifetime begin to be lost as well, contributing to the loss of self and identity. Some studies have reported that activities or interventions tailored to be meaningful to the person with dementia (defined as any activity important to the individual) are more effective in addressing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving quality of life (QoL) than those that are not so tailored...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009675/effects-of-foot-and-ankle-devices-on-balance-gait-and-falls-in-adults-with-sensory-perception-loss-a-systematic-review
#20
Joanne Paton, Anna L Hatton, Keith Rome, Bridie Kent
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle devices are being developed as a method of preventing people with sensory perception loss sustaining a fall. Such devices are believed to work by reducing the likelihood of a fall by improving the balance and gait of the user. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the review was to evaluate the effectiveness of foot and ankle devices for the prevention of falls and the improvement of balance and gait in adults with sensory perception loss. INCLUSION CRITERIA TYPES OF PARTICIPANTS: Participants were community-dwelling adults with bilateral pathological sensory perception loss...
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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