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Veterinary World

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507420/some-hematological-and-biochemical-parameters-of-different-goat-breeds-in-sultanate-of-oman-a-preliminary-study
#1
Shahab Al-Bulushi, Turke Shawaf, Afaf Al-Hasani
AIM: In Sultanate of Oman, goats are considered as one of the most important livestock in which there are many breeds of goat such as Batinah, Jabali, Dhofari, Jabal Al-Akhdar, Sahrawi, and Sahrawi Musandam. Little hematological and biochemical information is known on Omani goat breeds; therefore, the main purpose of this study was to determine reference baseline data regarding hematological and biochemical values of different Omani goat breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 healthy animals of different Omani goat breeds (Jabali, Jabal Al-Akhdar, Sahrawi, and Sahrawi Musandam) were selected randomly from different areas in Sultanate of Oman...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507419/exploring-the-potential-hazard-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-as-a-cause-for-crohn-s-disease
#2
Sukumar Bharathy, Lakshmanasami Gunaseelan, Kannan Porteen
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of Johne's disease (JD), or paratuberculosis in ruminants has been suspected to be implicated in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) in humans with chronic inflammatory intestinal changes. As the hypothesis is now fast being recognized that MAP could possibly be the etiological agent of CD which is found to be excreted in milk of dairy animals subclinically or terminally ill with JD. AIM: The present study was aimed to detect MAP in milk by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting IS900 and to describe the excretion pattern of MAP in milk from asymptomatic lactating cows and does with relevance to the public health significance...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507418/spatial-pattern-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotypes-in-north-central-nigeria
#3
Yiltawe Simwal Wungak, Olayinka O Ishola, Babasola O Olugasa, David D Lazarus, David O Ehizibolo, Hussaini G Ularamu
AIM: This study aimed to determine the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotypes circulating, the prevalence of FMDV serotypes, and the spatial distribution of FMDV among sedentary and pastoral cattle herds in the North-Central Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken, during which a total of 155 sera that tested positive for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) 3ABC non-structural protein antibodies were selected and screened for FMD structural protein serotypes, A, O, SAT 1, and SAT 2 using a solid-phase competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507417/molecular-detection-of-taenia-spp-in-dogs-feces-in-zanjan-province-northwest-of-iran
#4
Mohammad Hasan Kohansal, Abbasali Nourian, Ali Haniloo, Asghar Fazaeli
AIM: Echinococcus and Taenia spp. are important but neglected zoonotic helminths of dogs. Dogs as the most relevant definitive hosts harbor several species of Taenia and Echinococcus simultaneously in their gastrointestinal lumen which are morphologically indistinguishable. In this study, we used a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to identify Taeniid infections which seem to be highly distributed in the study region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 450 dog fecal samples were collected from eight different areas of Zanjan province, northwest of Iran, and examined using a flotation method followed by multiplex PCR for detection and identification of parasites' eggs...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507416/pathotypic-characterization-of-newcastle-disease-virus-isolated-from-vaccinated-chicken-in-west-java-indonesia
#5
Dwi Desmiyeni Putri, Ekowati Handharyani, Retno Damajanti Soejoedono, Agus Setiyono, Ni Luh Putu Ika Mayasari, Okti Nadia Poetri
AIM: This research was conducted to differentiate and characterize eight Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates collected from vaccinated chicken at commercial flocks in West Java, Indonesia, in 2011, 2014 and 2015 by pathotype specific primers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of eight NDV isolates collected from clinical outbreaks among commercial vaccinated flocks in West Java, Indonesia, in 2011, 2014, and 2015 were used in this study. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to detect and differentiate virulence of NDV strains, using three sets of primers targeting their M and F gene...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507415/prospects-of-complete-feed-system-in-ruminant-feeding-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Yasir Afzal Beigh, Abdul Majeed Ganai, Haidar Ali Ahmad
Effective utilization of available feed resources is the key for economical livestock rearing. Complete feed system is one of the latest developments to exploit the potential of animal feed resources in the best possible way. The complete feed is a quantitative mixture of all dietary ingredients, blended thoroughly to prevent separation and selection, fed as a sole source of nutrients except water and is formulated in a desired proportion to meet the specific nutrient requirements. The concentrate and roughage levels may vary according to the nutrient requirement of ruminants for different production purposes...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507414/a-reducing-trend-of-fasciolosis-in-slaughtered-animals-based-on-abattoir-data-in-south-of-iran
#7
Manoochehr Shabani Kordshooli, Kavous Solhjoo, Belal Armand, Hamidreza Dowlatkhah, Masoud Esmi Jahromi
AIM: Fascioliasis is a zoonosis infection caused by the liver trematodes (Fasciola spp.) which have been considered to be an important disease in livestock. After several large outbreaks, fascioliasis remains one of the serious health concerns of Iran. This study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence and possible trends of fascioliasis in slaughtered animals in South of Iran based on abattoir data during a period of 5 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The daily records for cattle, sheep, and goats slaughtered in the abattoir were extracted from the archived documents of the recent 5 years (2011-2015) and used as the source of data...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507413/prevalence-of-echinococcosis-and-taenia-hydatigena-cysticercosis-in-slaughtered-small-ruminants-at-the-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-ngorongoro-tanzania
#8
M B Miran, A A Kasuku, E S Swai
AIM: Echinococcosis or hydatidosis (due to the larval stage of Echinococcus spp.) and cysticercosis (due to the larval stage of Taenia hydatigena) pose a significant economic losses due to slaughter condemnation and risk to public health in developing countries such as Tanzania where sanitation is poor and people live in close proximity with each other and with animals. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of and to identify the predisposing factors for echinococcosis and cysticercosis in sheep and goats at three slaughter slabs located in the livestock-wildlife interface areas of Ngorongoro, Tanzania...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507412/the-effects-of-quercetin-on-microrna-and-inflammatory-gene-expression-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-bovine-neutrophils
#9
Phongsakorn Chuammitri, Suphakit Srikok, Duanghathai Saipinta, Sukolrat Boonyayatra
AIM: To investigate gene expression of microRNA (miRNA) milieus (MIRLET7E, MIR17, MIR24-2, MIR146A, and MIR181C), inflammatory cytokine genes (interleukin 1β [IL1B], IL6, CXCL8, and tumor necrosis factor [TNF]), and the pathogen receptor toll-like receptor (TLR4) in bovine neutrophils under quercetin supplementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolated bovine neutrophils were incubated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide under quercetin treatment or left untreated. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine the expression of the miRNAs and messenger RNA (mRNA) transcripts in neutrophils...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507411/cross-sectional-study-on-bovine-mastitis-and-its-associated-risk-factors-in-ambo-district-of-west-shewa-zone-oromia-ethiopia
#10
Edilu J Sarba, Getachew K Tola
AIM: A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of mastitis in dairy cows. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 302 dairy cows were selected from all volunteer dairy farms in Ambo district of West Shewa Zone, Oromia region. Thorough clinical examination was made on all lactating cows for evidence of signs of clinical mastitis followed by collection of milk sample for examination of gross changes of milk secretion and California mastitis test...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507410/isolation-and-identification-of-fungi-associated-with-spoilt-fruits-vended-in-gwagwalada-market-abuja-nigeria
#11
Samuel Mailafia, God'spower Richard Okoh, Hamza Olatunde K Olabode, Ramatu Osanupin
AIM: Annual reports have shown that 20% of fruits and vegetables produced are lost to spoilage. This study was undertaken to isolate and identify fungi that are associated with spoilt fruits commonly sold in Gwagwalada market, Abuja, and recommend appropriate control measure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Gwagwalada metropolis, Gwagwalada Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 100 spoilt fruits which include pawpaw (Carica papaya), orange (Citrus sinensis), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), pineapple (Ananas comosus), and watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris) were purchased and examined for the presence of fungal organisms using standard methods...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507409/toxoplasma-gondii-type-i-predominant-genotype-isolated-from-sheep-in-south-of-iran
#12
Belal Armand, Kavous Solhjoo, Manoochehr Shabani Kordshooli, Mohammad Hasan Davami, Morteza Pourahmad, Vahideh Orfaee
AIM: This study was performed to determine the genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep using nested-polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) in Southern Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The tissue samples of diaphragm and heart from 125 sheep were collected from the main slaughterhouses of Jahrom district in South of Fars province, Iran, between Aprils and June 2013. The DNA were extracted and analyzed by nested-PCR using specific primers for SAG2 and GRA6 loci...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507408/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-fermented-fish-silage-on-serum-biochemical-parameters-of-broiler-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#13
Sasmita Panda, Laxman Kumar Babu, Arun Kumar Panda, Tanuja S, Anurag Mohanty, Kuldeep Kumar Panigrahy, Pinaki Samal
AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding fermented fish silage (FFS) on serum biochemical parameters of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 192, 7-day-old broiler Japanese quail chicks of either sex, were randomly distributed into four dietary treatments with four replicates in each group having 12 chicks in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments were T1 - Control diet, T2 - Diet containing 5% FFS, T3 - Diet containing 10% FFS, and T4 - Diet containing 15% FFS...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507407/study-on-postpartum-estrus-of-guinea-pigs-cavia-cobaya-using-anredera-cordifolia-leaf-extract
#14
D Wijayanti, E T Setiatin, E Kurnianto
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the postpartum estrus cycle of guinea pigs (Cavia cobaya) using Anredera cordifolia leaf extract. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Materials used were 8 males and 8 females of C. cobaya with body weight ranged 400-450 g. Mating ratio applied was 1:1. Treatments given were 0, 10, 50 and 90 mg of A. cordifolia leaf extract/head, designated as T0, T1, T2 and T3, respectively. Two females were subjected for each treatment. A. cordifolia leaf extract was administered orally from 10 days prepartum to 10 days postpartum...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507406/evaluation-of-different-agroindustrial-waste-on-the-effect-of-different-carcass-characteristics-and-physiological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-broilers-chicken
#15
Y Sánchez-Roque, Y D C Pérez-Luna, E Pérez-Luna, R Berrones Hernández, S Saldaña-Trinidad
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and biochemical effect in chickens of the Ross breed of a food enriched with agroindustrial waste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The food is one of the main components of the total cost for the production of chickens. Rations should be formulated to provide the correct balance of energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids, to allow optimal growth and performance. This study was intended to evaluate a natural feed for chicken, made from corn, yucca meal, eggshells, orange peel, soybean meal, salt and garlic, enriched with agroindustrial waste (molasses, milk whey and ferment of coffee)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435202/phenotypic-and-genotypic-characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-from-bovine-mastitis
#16
S Hamid, Mohd Altaf Bhat, Irfan Ahmad Mir, Anil Taku, Gulzar Ahmad Badroo, Salik Nazki, Andleeb Malik
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the occurrence of methicillin-sensitive and Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) from bovine mastitis and to characterize them with respect to antibiotic resistance gene mecA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 160 mastitic milk samples were screened for the presence of S. aureus. The presumptive positive isolates were confirmed using nuc and 23S rRNA gene-based polymerase chain reaction. All the confirmed isolates were subjected to in vitro antibiogram using a number of antibiotics...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435201/association-of-claw-disorders-with-subclinical-intramammary-infections-in-egyptian-dairy-cows
#17
Walid Refaai, Medhat Gad, Yasser Mahmmod
AIM: Bovine mastitis and lameness are the most common production diseases affecting dairy farms worldwide resulting in huge economic impact and impaired animal welfare. The objective of this field study was to investigate the association of infectious and non-infectious claw disorders with the occurrence of subclinical intramammary infections (IMIs) diagnosed by California mastitis test (CMT) in dairy cows under Egyptian conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 43 dairy cows were included in this field study...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435200/mycotoxin-binders-potential-on-histological-of-ovary-mice-exposed-by-zearalenone
#18
Abdul Samik, Erma Safitri
AIM: This study was conducted to examine the potential of mycotoxin binder in ceasing zearalenone (ZEN) effect on mice reproduction. ZEN mycotoxin can induce reactive oxygen species that may cause damage and cell death. ZEN is estrogenic so that it may affect the reproductive organs failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mycotoxin binder administration to female mice exposed to ZEN was aimed to count the number of primary follicles, secondary follicles, tertiary follicles, de Graaf's follicles, and the corpus luteum (CL)...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435199/genetic-characterization-of-the-non-structural-protein-3-gene-of-bluetongue-virus-serotype-2-isolate-from-india
#19
Raghavendra Sumanth Pudupakam, Shobana Raghunath, Meghanath Pudupakam, Sreenivasulu Daggupati
AIM: Sequence analysis and phylogenetic studies based on non-structural protein-3 (NS3) gene are important in understanding the evolution and epidemiology of bluetongue virus (BTV). This study was aimed at characterizing the NS3 gene sequence of Indian BTV serotype-2 (BTV2) to elucidate its genetic relationship to global BTV isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The NS3 gene of BTV2 was amplified from infected BHK-21 cell cultures, cloned and subjected to sequence analysis...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435198/association-between-udder-morphology-and-in-vitro-activity-of-milk-leukocytes-in-high-yielding-crossbred-cows
#20
Tripti Sharma, Pradip Kumar Das, Prabal Ranjan Ghosh, Dipak Banerjee, Joydip Mukherjee
AIM: The present investigation was conducted to study the association between udder morphology and in vitro activity of milk leukocytes in high yielding crossbred cows. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 48 healthy high yielding crossbred cows were selected for the study. The udder configuration and teat/udder morphology were recorded before milking. Milk samples (100 ml/cow) were collected aseptically. Milk somatic cell counts (SCC) and milk differential leukocyte counts were performed microscopically...
March 2017: Veterinary World
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