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Veterinary World

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246458/associations-between-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-multiple-candidate-genes-and-body-weight-in-rabbits
#1
Karim El-Sabrout, Sarah A Aggag
AIM: In this study, we examined parts of six growth genes (growth hormone [GH], melanocortin 4 receptor [MC4R], growth hormone receptor [GHR], phosphorglycerate mutase [PGAM], myostatin [MSTN], and fibroblast growth factor [FGF]) as specific primers for two rabbit lines (V-line, Alexandria) using nucleotide sequence analysis, to investigate association between detecting single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of these genes and body weight (BW) at market. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Each line kits were grouped into high and low weight rabbits to identify DNA markers useful for association studies with high BW...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246457/medico-legal-aspects-of-congenital-heart-diseases-in-buying-and-selling-of-pets
#2
Annamaria Passantino, Michela Pugliese, Valeria Quartarone, Natalia Russo, Roberto Bussadori, Bartolomeo Guercio
AIM: The veterinarian should be able to assess congenital and inherited malformations such as heart defects because they may be object of legal disputes. In this study, the authors report some cases of congenital heart defects in pets (dogs and cats) to clarify whether or not they may be considered a redhibitory defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 28 medical records of pets referred with suspected congenital heart disease were examined. All patients aged between 3 and 24 months underwent clinical examination, chest X-ray examination, electrocardiogram, and echocardiography and angiocardiography when necessary...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246456/nutrigenomic-evaluation-of-garlic-allium-sativum-and-holy-basil-ocimum-sanctum-leaf-powder-supplementation-on-growth-performance-and-immune-characteristics-in-broilers
#3
N Sheoran, R Kumar, A Kumar, K Batra, S Sihag, S Maan, N S Maan
AIM: In this study, a planned research work was conducted to investigate the nutrigenomic aspects of supplementation of Allium sativum (garlic) and Ocimum sanctum (holy basil) leaf powder on the growth performance and immune characteristics of broilers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 6 weeks feeding trial was conducted with 280-day-old Ven Cobb broilers, distributed randomly into seven experimental groups. Each treatment had 4 replicates with 10 birds each. The birds of the control group (T1) were fed a basal diet formulated as per BIS standards...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246455/molecular-markers-for-resistance-against-infectious-diseases-of-economic-importance
#4
REVIEW
B M Prajapati, J P Gupta, D P Pandey, G A Parmar, J D Chaudhari
Huge livestock population of India is under threat by a large number of endemic infectious (bacterial, viral, and parasitic) diseases. These diseases are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, particularly in exotic and crossbred cattle. Beside morbidity and mortality, economic losses by these diseases occur through reduced fertility, production losses, etc. Some of the major infectious diseases which have great economic impact on Indian dairy industries are tuberculosis (TB), Johne's disease (JD), mastitis, tick and tick-borne diseases (TTBDs), foot and mouth disease, etc...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246454/molecular-identification-and-histopathological-study-of-natural-streptococcus-agalactiae-infection-in-hybrid-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus
#5
A A Laith, Mohd Azmi Ambak, Marina Hassan, Shahreza Md Sheriff, Musa Nadirah, Ahmad Shuhaimi Draman, Wahidah Wahab, Wan Nurhafizah Wan Ibrahim, Alia Syafiqah Aznan, Amina Jabar, Musa Najiah
AIM: The main objective of this study was to emphasize on histopathological examinations and molecular identification of Streptococcus agalactiae isolated from natural infections in hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in Temerloh Pahang, Malaysia, as well as to determine the susceptibility of the pathogen strains to various currently available antimicrobial agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The diseased fishes were observed for variable clinical signs including fin hemorrhages, alterations in behavior associated with erratic swimming, exophthalmia, and mortality...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246453/preparation-of-goat-and-rabbit-anti-camel-immunoglobulin-g-whole-molecule-labeled-with-horseradish-peroxidase
#6
Eman Hussein Abdel-Rahman, Jakeen Kamal El-Jakee, Mahmoud Essam Hatem, Nagwa Sayed Ata, Ehab Ali Fouad
AIM: As the labeled anti-camel immunoglobulins (Igs) with enzymes for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) are unavailable in the Egyptian market, the present investigation was directed for developing local labeled anti-camel IgG with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) to save hard curacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For purification of camel IgG whole molecule, camel sera was preliminary precipitated with 50% saturated ammonium sulfate and dialyzed against 15 mM phosphate-buffered saline pH 7...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246452/social-engineering-of-societal-knowledge-in-livestock-science-can-we-be-more-empathetic
#7
REVIEW
R K Ravikumar, Devesh Thakur, Hardev Choudhary, Vivek Kumar, Amol S Kinhekar, Tushar Garg, K Ponnusamy, G R Bhojne, Vasanth M Shetty, Vipin Kumar
Questions are raised in effective utilization of farmer's wisdom by communities in their farming. Planners support to livelihood emphasize mostly of inputs from outside and not setting up sustainable goals. Formal institutions and planners of program are finding constraints and sceptical in wider dissemination of indigenous knowledge research system (IKRS). This is in spite of evidence that considerable number of farmer's in livestock sector depends on IKRS. In this context, it is pertinent to showcase dissemination potential of these knowledge system(s) in larger geographical areas...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246451/gastrointestinal-parasitism-of-goats-in-hilly-region-of-meghalaya-india
#8
Meena Das, R Laha, A Goswami, A Goswami
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasitic infections in goats of hilly region of Meghalaya. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 834 fecal samples of goats were screened for 1 year (2014-2015) using flotation techniques. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of GI parasitic infections in goats was 28.65%. Season-wise highest infections were recorded during rainy season (34.92%) followed by cool (26...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246450/protective-effect-of-rutin-in-comparison-to-silymarin-against-induced-hepatotoxicity-in-rats
#9
M Kasi Reddy, A Gopala Reddy, B Kala Kumar, D Madhuri, G Boobalan, M Anudeep Reddy
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the hepatoprotective effect of rutin (RTN) in comparison to silymarin (SLM) against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wistar albino rats (n=24) of 3 months age were equally divided into four groups. Group 1 served as normal control. Hepatotoxicity was induced in the remaining three groups with administration of 500 mg/kg po APAP from day 1-3. Groups 2, 3, and 4 were subsequently administered orally with distilled water, 25 mg/kg of SLM, and 20 mg/kg of RTN, respectively, for 11 days...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246449/influence-of-training-and-competitive-sessions-on-peripheral-%C3%AE-endorphin-levels-in-training-show-jumping-horses
#10
Cristina Cravana, P Medica, G Ragonese, E Fazio
AIM: To investigate the effects of training sessions on circulating β-endorphin changes in sport horses before and after competition and to ascertain whether competition would affect this response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 trained jumping horses were randomly assigned to one of two training groups: Group A (competing) and Group B (not competing). To determined plasma β-endorphin concentrations, two pre- and post-competition training weeks at aerobic workout and two competitive show jumping event days at anaerobic workout were measured before, 5 and 30 min after exercise...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246448/prevalence-of-gastrointestinal-parasitism-in-small-ruminants-in-western-zone-of-punjab-india
#11
E Singh, P Kaur, L D Singla, M S Bal
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitism in small ruminants in relation to various risk factors in the western zone of Punjab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the study, 603 fecal samples (391 of sheep and 212 of goats) were examined qualitatively by floatation and sedimentation techniques, and quantitatively by McMaster technique. RESULTS: Out of the 603 fecal (391 sheep and 212 goats) samples examined, 501 were found positive for endoparasitic infection with an overall prevalence of 83...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246447/transcriptomic-comparison-of-primary-bovine-horn-core-carcinoma-culture-and-parental-tissue-at-early-stage
#12
Sharadindu Shil, R S Joshi, C G Joshi, A K Patel, Ravi K Shah, Namrata Patel, Subhash J Jakhesara, Sumana Kundu, Bhaskar Reddy, P G Koringa, D N Rank
AIM: Squamous cell carcinoma or SCC of horn in bovines (bovine horn core carcinoma) frequently observed in Bos indicus affecting almost 1% of cattle population. Freshly isolated primary epithelial cells may be closely related to the malignant epithelial cells of the tumor. Comparison of gene expression in between horn's SCC tissue and its early passage primary culture using next generation sequencing was the aim of this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole transcriptome sequencing of horn's SCC tissue and its early passage cells using Ion Torrent PGM were done...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246446/incidence-and-virulence-characteristics-of-aeromonas-spp-in-fish
#13
Ashraf M Abd-El-Malek
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the presence of Aeromonas spp. in raw and ready-to-eat (RTE) fish commonly consumed in Assiut city, Egypt, and to determine virulence factors due to they play a key role in their pathogenicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 125 samples of raw and RTE fish samples were taken from different fish markets and fish restaurants in Assiut Governorate and screened for the presence of Aeromonas spp. by enrichment on tryptic soy broth then incubated at 30°C for 24 h...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246445/prevalence-of-colibacillosis-in-chickens-in-greater-mymensingh-district-of-bangladesh
#14
Md Abdul Matin, Md Ariful Islam, Mst Minara Khatun
AIM: This study was conducted for determination of the prevalence of colibacillosis in chicken in poultry farms in Mymensingh and Tangail districts. Isolation, identification, and antibiogram profile of Escherichia coli were also performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 chickens manifested clinical signs of colibacillosis were collected from five different poultry farms during natural outbreaks. RESULTS: In broiler, the prevalence of colibacillosis was 0...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246444/m-mode-echocardiographic-reference-values-in-pantja-goats
#15
Parul Singh, Narendra Singh Jadon, Deepti Bodh, Manjul Kandpal
AIM: The aim of this study was to establish M-mode echocardiographic reference values in Pantja goats and to study the effect of gender and body weight (BW) on these parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 18, clinically healthy, adult Pantja goats of either sex, aged 2-4 years and weighing 10-44 kg were included in the study. Echocardiographic examination was performed in the standing unsedated animal. All measurements were made from the right parasternal long-axis left ventricular outflow tract view of the heart...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246443/study-of-the-dairy-characters-of-lactating-murrah-buffaloes-on-the-basis-of-body-parts-measurements
#16
Sandeep Dhillod, Dipankar Kar, C S Patil, Subhasish Sahu, Narender Singh
AIM: The aim of the study was to correlate the milk yield of Murrah buffaloes with certain body parts measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 70 lactating Murrah buffaloes were selected from Buffalo Farm, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hisar and were randomly selected in a range from first to fifth parity. Traits studied were 305 days milk yield (MY), body weight (BW), body length (BL), muzzle width (MW), height at wither (HW), abdominal girth (AG), chest girth (CG), body depth fore, body depth rear, hip bone distance (HBD), pin bone distance (PBD), skin thickness (STK), and tail length (TL)...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246442/effects-of-different-vegetable-oils-on-rumen-fermentation-and-conjugated-linoleic-acid-concentration-in-vitro
#17
Amitava Roy, Guru Prasad Mandal, Amlan Kumar Patra
AIM: The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of different vegetable oils on rumen fermentation and concentrations of beneficial cis-9 trans-11 C18:2 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and trans-11 C18:1 fatty acid (FA) in the rumen fluid in an in vitro condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six vegetable oils including sunflower, soybean, sesame, rice bran, groundnut, and mustard oils were used at three dose levels (0%, 3% and 4% of substrate dry matter [DM] basis) in three replicates for each treatment in a completely randomized design using 6 × 3 factorial arrangement...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246441/molecular-characterization-of-rhodococcus-equi-isolates-in-equines
#18
Rabyia Javed, A K Taku, R K Sharma, Gulzaar Ahmed Badroo
AIM: The aim was to determine the occurrence of Rhodococcus equi in equines and their environment in Jammu (R.S. Pura, Katra), molecular characterization and to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern of R. equi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 nasopharyngeal swab samples were collected from equines. The organism was isolated on Columbia nalidixic acid agar containing 5% sheep blood as well as on sheep blood agar and was later confirmed by cultural characteristics and biochemical tests...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246440/identification-of-suitable-housing-system-for-dairy-cattle-in-north-east-zone-of-tamil-nadu-india-with-respect-to-microclimate
#19
T Sivakumar, P T Suraj, A Yasotha, Jayashree Phukon
AIM: To identify the suitable roofing pattern for dairy cattle in North East Zone of Tamil Nadu, India, based on micro climatic conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, survey was conducted to identify and categorize the major housing patterns existing in the region for further detailed investigation. In total, 30 farmers/farms consisting of five housing types with six replicates were selected. Temperature and temperature humidity index (THI) were recorded using the maximum-minimum thermometer and digital thermo-hygrometers...
January 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096627/altered-oxidative-stress-and-carbohydrate-metabolism-in-canine-mammary-tumors
#20
K Jayasri, K Padmaja, M Saibaba
AIM: Mammary tumors are the most prevalent type of neoplasms in canines. Even though cancer induced metabolic alterations are well established, the clinical data describing the metabolic profiles of animal tumors is not available. Hence, our present investigation was carried out with the aim of studying changes in carbohydrate metabolism along with the level of oxidative stress in canine mammary tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh mammary tumor tissues along with the adjacent healthy tissues were collected from the college surgical ward...
December 2016: Veterinary World
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