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Veterinary World

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034185/reproduction-performance-and-blood-biochemical-parameters-in-dairy-cows-relationship-with-oxidative-stress-status
#1
Sofiane Boudjellaba, Lynda Ainouz, Safia Tennah, Soraya Temim, Mokrane Iguer-Ouada
Background and Aim: During the last decades, reproduction performances declined dramatically worldwide, but little is known concerning the involvement of oxidative stress as a causative factor. Oxidative stress may act at different levels, with negative impacts on cell membrane integrity and other active molecules with potential subsequent effects on reproduction. The aim of the current study was to investigate the oxidative stress status in cows according to their reproductive performances...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034184/hematological-parameters-and-selected-intestinal-microbiota-populations-in-the-indonesian-indigenous-crossbred-chickens-fed-basal-diet-supplemented-with-multi-strain-probiotic-preparation-in-combination-with-vitamins-and-minerals
#2
Sugiharto Sugiharto, Turrini Yudiarti, Isroli Isroli, Endang Widiastuti, Hanny I Wahyuni
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with multi-strain probiotic preparation in combination with vitamins and minerals on the hematological parameters and selected intestinal microbiota populations in the Indonesian indigenous crossbred chickens. Materials and Methods: A total of 240 one-day-old Indonesian indigenous crossbred chicks were raised for 10 weeks. The chicks were distributed to one of four groups, i.e., chicks receiving basal diet without any additive (CONT), chicks receiving basal diet with 0...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034183/extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-producing-multidrug-resistance-escherichia-coli-salmonella-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-pig-population-of-assam-and-meghalaya-india
#3
A Lalruatdiki, T K Dutta, P Roychoudhury, P K Subudhi
Aim: The present study was conducted to record the prevalence of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) producing Escherichia coli , Salmonella spp., and Klebsiella pneumoniae from pig population of Assam and Meghalaya and to record the ability of the resistant bacteria to transfer the resistance genes horizontally. Materials and Methods: Fecal samples (n=228), collected from pigs of Assam (n=99) and Meghalaya (n=129), were processed for isolation and identification of E...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034182/molecular-characterization-and-antibiotic-resistance-patterns-of-avian-fecal-escherichia-coli-from-turkeys-geese-and-ducks
#4
Nokukhanya Dube, Joshua Mbanga
Background and Aim: Avian fecal Escherichia coli (AFEC) are considered to be the natural reservoir of pathogenic strains in extraintestinal infections as such characterization of AFEC gives insight into the spread of the potential pathogenic lineage. The aim of the study was to investigate the reservoirs of avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) from fecal samples of healthy ducks, geese, and turkeys by determining the antibiotic resistance patterns of AFEC isolates from turkeys, geese and ducks and characterization of the isolates using virulence genes, plasmid profiles, and phylogenetic grouping...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034181/insights-into-ph-regulatory-mechanisms-in-mediating-spermatozoa-functions
#5
REVIEW
Abhishek Kumar Mishra, Akshay Kumar, Dilip Kumar Swain, Sarvajeet Yadav, Rajesh Nigam
Regulation of pH in spermatozoa is a complex and dynamic process as sperm cells encounter different pH gradients during their journey from testes to the site of fertilization in female genital tract. The precise regulations of pH in sperm cells regulate the sperm functions such as motility, hyperactivity, capacitation, and acrosome reaction. Electrophysiological, pharmacological, and molecular studies have revealed the presence of different ion channels and exchanger systems which regulate intracellular pH in sperm cells as well as regulate sperm functions...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034180/preliminary-study-on-the-tick-population-of-benin-wildlife-at-the-moment-of-its-invasion-by-the-rhipicephalus-microplus-tick-canestrini-1888
#6
Kossi Justin Adinci, Yao Akpo, Camus Adoligbe, Safiou Bienvenu Adehan, Roland Eric Yessinou, Akoeugnigan Idelphonse Sodé, Guy Appolinaire Mensah, Abdou Karim Issaka Youssao, Brice Sinsin, Souaïbou Farougou
Background and Aim: Rhipicephalus microplus ( Rm ) is one of the most problematic livestock tick species in the world. Its rapid propagation and resistance to acaricides make it control difficult in the sub-region and Benin particularly. The aim of this work was to check its presence in wildlife and to confirm the possible role of reservoir wildlife may play in the propagation of the parasite. This will help to design more efficient control strategy. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted from February to March 2017 in the National Parks of Benin (Pendjari and W Park) and wildfowl's assembly and selling point in Benin...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034179/leptospirosis-seropositivity-and-its-serovars-among-cattle-in-northeastern-malaysia
#7
Aziah Daud, Nik Mohd Hafiz Mohd Fuzi, Mohd Mokhtar Arshad, Suratan Kamarudin, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad, Fairuz Amran, Nabilah Ismail
Background: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that infects human and livestock which causes economic losses to the farmers. It has been reported as one of the causes of reproductive failure in cattle and other ruminants, determining abortions, stillbirth, weak newborns, and decrease in their growth rate and milk production. Aim: The objectives of this study were to determine the leptospirosis seroprevalence and to identify the predominant infecting serovars among cattle...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034178/effects-of-meniran-phyllanthus-niruri-l-administration-on-leukocyte-profile-of-broiler-chickens-infected-with-mycoplasma-gallisepticum
#8
Sri Hidanah, Emy Koestanti Sabdoningrum, Retno Sri Wahjuni, Sri Chusniati
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Meniran extract ( Phyllanthus niruri L.) administration on leukocyte profile of broiler chickens infected with Mycoplasma gallisepticum . Materials and Methods: Thirty broiler chickens, 21 days old were divided into five treatment groups. P0 (-): Chickens without any treatment; P0 (+), P1, P2, and P3: Chickens were infected with M. gallisepticum 108 cells/ml/animal orally, then given no treatment, Meniran extract 60%, 62...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034177/species-adulteration-in-raw-milk-samples-using-polymerase-chain-reaction-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism
#9
Rania M Ewida, Doaa Safwat M Abd El-Magiud
Background and Aim: Milk adulteration is pivotal because it leads to worse effects in public health as human adverse reactions with clinical signs ranged from gastrointestinal signs to anaphylactic shock. This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of adulteration in buffalo's milk sold in Assiut City, Egypt. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 raw buffalo's milk samples were collected and examined for adulteration by addition of cow's milk. The examination carried out by applying polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique using cytochrome b (cyt b) gene primers and Hinf I enzymes...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034176/antiviral-activity-of-acanthaster-planci-phospholipase-a2-against-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#10
Anondho Wijanarko, Kenny Lischer, Heri Hermansyah, Diah Kartika Pratami, Muhamad Sahlan
Aim: Investigation of antiviral activity of Acanthaster planci phospholipase A2 (AP-PLA2) from moluccas to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Materials and Methods: Crude venom (CV) and F20 (PLA2 with 20% fractioned by ammonium sulfate) as a sample of PLA 2 obtained from A. planci's extract were used. Enzymatic activity of PLA2 was determined using the degradation of phosphatidylcholine (PC). Activity test was performed using in vitro method using coculture of phytohemagglutinin-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) from a blood donor and PBMC from HIV patient...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034175/humoral-and-cellular-immune-response-induced-by-antigenic-protein-of-sarcoptes-scabiei-var-caprae
#11
Nunuk Dyah Retno Lastuti, Wiwik Misaco Yuniarti, Poedji Hastutiek, Lucia Tri Suwanti, Dony Chrismanto
Aim: Scabies is one of the most important diseases in goats and caused by a complex hypersensitivity process that involves both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. This phenomenon shows that the variety of Sarcoptes scabiei has different characteristics of specific antigenic protein or different immune-dominant. This research aims to detect the humoral and cellular immune response of rabbits which were immunized with the protein of S. scabiei var. caprae . Materials and Methods: This research was done as follows, identification and collection of Sarcoptes scabie i var capra e from goat infected with scabies, separation of protein antigen from S...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034174/methane-mitigation-potential-of-phyto-sources-from-northeast-india-and-their-effect-on-rumen-fermentation-characteristics-and-protozoa-in-vitro
#12
Luna Baruah, Pradeep Kumar Malik, Atul P Kolte, Arindam Dhali, Raghavendra Bhatta
Aim: The aim of the study was to explore the anti-methanogenic potential of phyto-sources from Northeast region of the country and assess the effect on rumen fermentation characteristics and protozoa for their likely inclusion in animal diet to reduce methane emission. Materials and Methods: Twenty phyto-sources were collected from Northeast state, Assam, during March to April 2014. Phyto-sources were analyzed for their tannin content followed by screening for methane mitigation potential using in vitro system...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034173/the-effectiveness-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-the-skin-wound-healing-process-a-comparative-experimental-study-in-sheep
#13
Daikh Badis, Bennoune Omar
Aim: The therapeutic evaluation of the biological effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) used as a surgical adjunct to maintain the inflammatory process and to potentiate tissue healing, make the subject of recent research in regenerative medicine. This study was designed to evaluate the healing activity of PRP by its topical application on the skin experimentally injured in a sheep model. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 9 adult and clinically healthy males sheep...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034172/protective-role-of-brucella-abortus-specific-murine-antibodies-in-inhibiting-systemic-proliferation-of-virulent-strain-544-in-mice-and-guinea-pig
#14
Suman Verma, Mayank Rawat, Sanjay Kumawat, Salauddin Qureshi, Gulam Mohd, Ashok Kumar Tiwari
Aim: The major objective of the investigation was to evaluate the hitherto uncharacterized potential of Brucella -specific antibodies to win the battle against virulent Brucella abortus infection. Materials and Methods: Brucella -specific immune serum was raised in mice. The antibody titer of serum was determined by standard tube agglutination test and indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (iELISA). Groups of mice and guinea pigs were passively immunized with serum containing specific agglutinin titers...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034171/threshold-somatic-cell-count-for-delineation-of-subclinical-mastitis-cases
#15
P V Jadhav, D N Das, K P Suresh, B R Shome
Aim: Somatic cell count (SCC) is the most widely used single reliable indicator of udder health. The present study was carried out with an objective to find the exact threshold of SCC. Materials and Methods: Milk samples collected from a total of 214 Holstein Friesian crossbred dairy animals were subjected to bacterial DNA extraction and SCC estimation by digital PortaCheck. California Mastitis Test and polymerase chain reaction based on amplification of organism using reported primers were performed to diagnose subclinical mastitis...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034170/astaxanthin-inhibits-cytokines-production-and-inflammatory-gene-expression-by-suppressing-i%C3%AE%C2%BAb-kinase-dependent-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-pre-and-postpartum-murrah-buffaloes-during-different-seasons
#16
Lakshmi Priyadarshini, Anjali Aggarwal
Aim: We examined regulatory function of astaxanthin on mRNA expression of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) p65, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in pre and postpartum Murrah buffaloes during summer (temperature-humidity index [THI]=86; relative humidity [RH]=24) and winter (THI=58.74; RH=73) seasons. Materials and Methods: A total of 32 Murrah buffaloes apparently healthy and in their one to four parity were selected from National Dairy Research Institute herd and equally distributed randomly into four groups (control and supplemented groups of buffaloes during summer and winter season, respectively)...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034169/genetic-diversity-and-population-structure-of-local-and-exotic-sheep-breeds-in-jordan-using-microsatellites-markers
#17
Khaleel I Jawasreh, Mustafa M Ababneh, Zuhair Bani Ismail, Abdel Mon'em Bani Younes, Ibrahem Al Sukhni
Aim: This study was conducted to study the genetic and population structure of local (Awassi) and exotic (Romanov, Charollais, Assaf, Awassi, and Suffolk) sheep breeds in Jordan using eight microsatellite markers. Materials and Methods: A total of 125 sheep were used (25 from each breed) in the study. The number of alleles (A), the mean values of observed (Ho) and expected (He) heterozygosity, polymorphism information content (PIC), fixation index as a measure of heterozygote deficiency or excess, and Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) were analyzed using PopGen and CERVUS softwares...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034168/impact-of-the-egyptian-summer-season-on-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-and-some-physiological-parameters-in-crossbred-cows-and-egyptian-buffaloes
#18
Maha M Hady, T M Melegy, Shaimaa R Anwar
Aim: The current study aimed to compare the impact of heat stress (HS) on some physiological functions and blood oxidative stress biomarkers between dry dairy crossbred (Balady X Friesian) cows and buffaloes during Egyptian summer season (July-September). Materials and Methods: A total of 26 healthy animals were equally used in the in the current study. The criterion for cows and buffaloes selection and the management conditions were similar. A total mixed ration to meet the animal's requirements was used, and dry matter intake (DMI) was calculated...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034167/the-immunomodulatory-effect-of-green-tea-camellia-sinensis-leaves-extract-on-immunocompromised-wistar-rats-infected-by-candida-albicans
#19
Retno P Rahayu, Remita A Prasetyo, Djoko A Purwanto, Utari Kresnoadi, Regina P D Iskandar, Muhammad Rubianto
Background and Aim: The immunocompromised condition is considered a defect in the immune system. This condition tends to increase the risk of oral candidiasis, due to the inability of the immune system to eliminate the adhesion of Candida albicans and leads to systemic candidiasis with a mortality rate of 60%. Green tea ( Camellia sinensis ) contains potential antioxidant and immunomodulatory which acts as anticancer, antifungal, and antivirus agent. The aim of this study was to invent herbal-based medicine, which acts as an immunomodulator and antifungal agent to treat fungal infection in immunocompromised patients...
June 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034166/effect-of-immobilized-fungal-phytase-on-growth-performance-and-bone-traits-of-broilers-fed-with-low-dietary-calcium-and-phosphorus
#20
Sreeja Ajith, Divya Shet, Jyotirmoy Ghosh, Vaibhav B Awachat, Karthik Bhat, Dintaran Pal, Arumbackam V Elangovan
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of phytase which was laboratory produced by Aspergillus foetidus on the growth performance, mineral retention, and bone traits of broilers fed with low dietary calcium and phosphorus. Materials and Methods: The extracellular phytase enzyme secreted into the crude filtrate was concentrated by ammonium sulfate precipitation to obtain an activity of 500 phytase units (FTU). A total of 90 1-day-old chicks (Cobb 500) were randomly divided into three treatment groups with five replicates having six birds each...
June 2018: Veterinary World
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