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Veterinary World

Zohreh Fatemian, Aref Salehzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Zakieh Telmadarraiy, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Amir Hosein Zahirnia
Aim: The present study was carried out to identify the Ixodidae ticks fauna of livestock and their seasonal activity in the cities of Boyer-Ahmad and Dena of Kohgiluyeh Province, south-west of Iran. Materials and Methods: Hard ticks from sheep, goats, and cattle were collected manually, stored in 70% ethanol, and identified using morphological characters. Results: During the study, a total of 1273 hard ticks from four genera, including Rhipicephalus , Hyalomma , Dermacentor , and Haemaphysalis , were collected...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Surya Agus Prihatno, Irma Padeta, Arinda Devi Larasati, Betty Sundari, Annisa Hidayati, Yuda Heru Fibrianto, Teguh Budipitojo
Background: Testicular dysfunction is a degenerative disorder characterized by failure in the synthesis of reproductive hormones and spermatogenesis. Secretome derived from the human umbilical mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) has been reported to repair some degenerative disorders. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of secretome derived from the human umbilical MSCs on cisplatin-induced testicular dysfunction in rats. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided into the control and secretome-treated groups...
September 2018: Veterinary World
P Yazhini, P Visha, P Selvaraj, P Vasanthakumar, V Chandran
Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the effect of encapsulated probiotic bacteria ( Lactobacillus lactis and Bifidobacterium bifidum ) on broiler serum biochemical parameters. Materials and Methods: Encapsulation protects the probiotics and increases their livability on exposure to unfavorable processing and storage temperatures and gastrointestinal pH. Hence, an in vitro study was undertaken to encapsulate the probiotic bacteria L. lactis and B. bifidum with sodium alginate and chitosan and evaluate the encapsulation efficiency...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Muhammad Hanafiah, Joko Prastowo, Sri Hartati, Dwinna Aliza, Raden Wisnu Nurcahyo
Aim: The aim of this research was to determine the copro-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with repetitive 529 bp gene and to construct the phylogenetic tree of Toxoplasma oocyst from pet cats in Yogyakarta. Materials and Methods: 9 of 132 pet cat samples which serologically positive for Toxoplasma were used in this research. To determine the copro-prevalence of T. gondii in pet cat, 10 g of feces samples taken from practitioners and household cats in Yogyakarta were used in the PCR method utilizing repetitive 529 bp gene sequences...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Halla E K El Bahgy, Hala K Abdelmegeed, Marawan A Marawan
Aim: This study was designed to investigate the current epidemiological situation of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) and rift valley fever virus (RVFV) infection of camels originating from Sudan "smuggler" and Egypt as part of our future plan for a national surveillance program in Egyptian provinces, which will aid in establishment of control strategy for animal diseases. Materials and Methods: This investigation was accomplished using serological diagnostic and molecular biology techniques...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Meryem Guessoum, Zehor Guechi, Mounir Adnane
Aim: The present study was conducted to detect and identify Helicobacter pylori within local cow breeds in the central region of Algeria. Materials and Methods: Two hundred (n=200) cows from three provinces of the central region of Algeria were studied, between January 2016 and September 2017. Each cow was subject to stool, milk, and blood sampling. Milk and fecal samples were used to detect and identify H. pylori using bacteriology culture method. Blood and milk samples were used to detect H...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Alexa Rosypal von Dohlen, Nautica Cheathem, Keshaw Tiwari, Ravindra Nath Sharma
Background and Aim: Leishmania spp. are known to cause disease in man and animals. Rats are considered important reservoir hosts and transmission takes place through the bite of female sand fly, Phlebotomus spp. To the best of our knowledge, there is no published information on Leishmania infection in rats in Grenada. This study was conducted to estimate the antibodies for visceralizing Leishmania spp. (VL) in rats ( Rattus norvegicus ) from Grenada. Materials and Methods: A total of 146 brown rats ( R...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Dahliatul Qosimah, Sri Murwani, Edhy Sudjarwo, M Arfan Lesmana
Background and Aim: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an obligate intracellular parasite. Virus can only live on living cells. The embryonated chicken eggs (ECEs) are one of the growth media of virus that is a cheap, easy to do, and accurate for showing patterns of virus change in the host. Higher virus titers indicate the higher number of viruses and more virulent to infect host. This research aimed to investigate the effect of different level of NDV titer infection in ECEs on protein profile, embryonic length, mortality, and pathological change...
September 2018: Veterinary World
M Priyanka, S Dey
Ruminal impaction due to plastic materials is a condition, in which indigestible plastic foreign bodies accumulate in the rumen of ruminants leading to ruminal impaction, indigestion, recurrent tympany, and many other adverse health effects. It is caused by the indiscriminate feeding of ruminants on indigestible plastic waste materials. The disease is primarily noticed in stray animals residing in urban areas of developing countries. Ingested plastic materials in the rumen slowly release the chemicals in rumen fluid, which intern enter the food chain through milk and meat products...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Marwa M Attia, Marwa M Khalifa, Marwa Th Atwa
Aim: This study aims to record and update the prevalence and intensity of external and internal parasites in working donkeys ( Equus asinus ) in Egypt during the period from January to December 2017. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 donkeys (10 donkeys each month) were examined at Giza zoo abattoir through bimonthly visits. The examined donkeys were obtained from five governorates (Giza [20], Fayoum [40], Beni Suef [30], Monofia [20], and Assiut [10]). The animals were grouped according to age and sex...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Rajendra Palkhade, Suresh Yadav, SukhDev Mishra, Jaseer Muhamed
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the acute toxic interaction and lethal dose (LD50 ) of pesticide combination product (acephate 50% and imidacloprid 1.8% as active ingredients) available in the market in Sprague-Dawley female rats by oral route. Materials and Methods: A total of 10 Sprague-Dawley female rats were divided into two groups, comprising five rats in each dose group. Both groups were identified as control and test groups, respectively. Control group received sterile water as vehicle and test group received pesticide combination (acephate 50% and imidacloprid 1...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Manjusha Lekshmi, Oishi Das, Sanath Kumar, Binaya Bhusan Nayak
Aim: Human enteroviruses in fish and shellfish are a health concern worldwide. Human infections occur due to the consumption of raw or insufficiently cooked fish or shellfish. The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence of human enteric viruses belonging to Enterovirus (EV) group in seafood in Mumbai and to correlate their occurrence with the bacterial indicators of fecal contamination. Materials and Methods: Samples of fresh fish and shellfish collected from fish landing centers and retail fish markets were analyzed by virus concentration, nucleic acid extraction, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Pattarawadee Srinarang, Korakot Nganvongpanit, Waranee Pradit, Kittisak Buddhachat, Puntita Siengdee, Kumpanart Soontornvipart, Siriwadee Chomdej
Aim: The objective of this study was to uncover new candidate genes related to patellar luxation (PL) in dogs to select for those with low susceptibility for breeding purposes. Materials and Methods: The inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) technique was performed to construct DNA fingerprints of 61 Chihuahua dogs with PL and 30 healthy Chihuahua dogs. DNA polymorphisms were detected by comparing the sequences between the affected and unaffected dogs, using the pairwise alignments in MultAlin...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Sohier M Syame, Azza S M Abuelnaga, Eman S Ibrahim, Ashraf S Hakim
Background: Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a serious disease affects sheep and goat, caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis . Due to it is non-treatable disease, so the effective preventive vaccines are considered a significant way to combat the disease. All strains of C. pseudotuberculosis have several virulence factors that associated with their cell invasion, survival, and proliferation such as phospholipase D (PLD), outer lipid coat, and secreted proteases. Aim: The present study was directed to perform a comparative innate and acquired immune response assessment of different four vaccine formulas to evoke protection against induced (CLA) challenge in sheep...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Zuhair Bani Ismail, Mohammad Musab Muhaffel, Ehab Abu-Basha
Aims: This study was performed to evaluate the effect of systemic tylosin on mastitis rates, cull rates because of mastitis, and quality and quantity of milk production in dairy cows affected with subclinical mastitis. Materials and Methods: A total of 130 California mastitis test (CMT)-positive cows were randomly selected and divided into four different treatment groups. All treatments were performed on the day of drying off. Cows in Group 1 (n=34) received 12 g of tylosin intramuscularly (IM) and intramammary (IMM) 400 mg novobiocin sodium and 200,000IU penicillin G procaine...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Nagah M Saad, Asmaa A A Hussein, Rania M Ewida
Background and Aim: Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease with harmful effects on animal and human health. Ingestion of contaminated raw milk has been suggested as a vehicle for transmission of Toxoplasma gondii to human. The present study was performed for the detection of T. gondii in raw milk samples of goat, sheep, and camel in Upper Egypt using two different techniques (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA] and quantitative polymerase chain reaction [qPCR]). Materials and Methods: This study was conducted to determine the T...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Dewi Noor Hidayati, Tri Untari, Michael Haryadi Wibowo, Koichi Akiyama, Widya Asmara
Aim: Previous research has shown that bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) in Indonesia was closely related to subtype-1 based on glycoprotein D genes. This study aimed to analyze the genetic variability of the BHV-1 isolated from the recent case in Indonesia not only based on gD but also other genes such as gB and gM and to study the homology and similarity of the sample to other BHV-1 isolated in other countries or regions. Materials and Methods: Samples were drawn from the tracheal organ in recent field case and prepared for DNA extraction...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Yosua Kristian Adi, Rini Widayanti, Tri Wahyu Pangestiningsih
Aim: n-Propanol extracts from fresh, boiled, and fermented seeds were studied to evaluate their neuroprotective effects in a Parkinson's disease (PD) rat model, based on the total number of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc). Materials and Methods: Rats were induced with paraquat dichloride at a dosage of 7 mg/kg BW intraperitoneally twice a week and at the same time supplemented with extract at a dosage of 70 mg/kg BW orally every day for 3 weeks...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Gurnoor Singh, Rahul Kumar Udehiya, Jitender Mohindroo, Ashwani Kumar, Tarunbir Singh, Pallavi Verma, Nameirakpam Umeshwori Devi, Arun Anand
Aim: The present study was undertaken to study the clinical and hemato-biochemical alterations, ultrasonography, and surgical treatment of bovine suffering from cecal dilatation and cecal impaction. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted on 11 bovines (9 buffaloes and 2 cattle) suffering from cecal dilatation (n=6) and cecal impaction (n=5). The diagnosis of surgical affections of cecum was made on the basis of clinical examination, hematobiochemistry, ultrasonography, and exploratory laparotomy...
September 2018: Veterinary World
Puspa Hening, Made Bagus Mataram Auriva, Nastiti Wijayanti, Dwi Liliek Kusindarta, Hevi Wihadmadyatami
Aim: This study aimed to analyze the neuroprotective effect of Ocimum sanctum Linn. ethanolic extract (OSE) on human embryonic kidney-293 (HEK-293) cells as the in vitro model of neurodegenerative diseases. Materials and Methods: In this research, HEK-293 cells divided into five groups consisting of normal and healthy cells (NT), cells treated with Camptothecin 500 µM as the negative control, cells treated with trimethyltin 10 µM (TMT), cells treated with OSE 75 µg/ml, and cells pre-treated with OSE 75 µg/ml then induced by TMT 10 µM (OSE+TMT)...
September 2018: Veterinary World
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