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Veterinary World

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620263/immunopathological-response-of-leukocytes-against-microfilariae-and-adult-worms-in-white-rats-infected-with-setaria-cervi
#1
Sharba Kausar, Wajihullah Khan
AIM: Aim of this study was to see the immunopathological changes against the microfilariae (Mf) and adult worms of a bovine filarid, Setaria cervi in the tissues of vital organs of experimentally infected white rats. The effect of diethylcarbamazine (DEC) was also observed on the Mf, as leukocytes especially lymphocytes produce immunoglobulins which opsonize and increase the efficacy of DEC against circulating Mf. Effect of this drug was also assessed on liver enzymes in the microfilaremic rats...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620262/prevalence-of-multiple-drug-resistant-streptococcus-suis-in-and-around-guwahati-india
#2
Mrinalee Devi, Jyoti B Dutta, Swaraj Rajkhowa, Dhireswar Kalita, Girindra Kumar Saikia, Bipin Chandra Das, Razibuddin Ahmed Hazarika, Gauranga Mahato
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus suis and their resistance patterns isolated from both clinically healthy carriers and diseased pigs in and around Guwahati, Assam, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 497 samples were collected during October, 2012, to April, 2014, from clinically healthy (n=67) and diseased (n=230) pigs of varying age and either sex maintained under organized and unorganized farming systems...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620261/single-nucleotide-polymorphism-based-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-the-kilakarsal-and-vembur-sheep-breeds
#3
Rathinasamy Selvam, Nagarajan Murali, A Kannan Thiruvenkadan, Ramesh Saravanakumar, Gurusamy Ponnudurai, Thilak Pon Jawahar
AIM: The present study was thus undertaken to analyze the genetic diversity of Kilakarsal and Vembur sheep breeds using single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers within Toll-like receptor (TLR) 3, 5, 6, 9, and 10 genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Competitive allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based end-point genotyping was performed using real-time PCR to type the SNPs. Allele discrimination module implemented in real-time PCR was utilized to call the genotypes based on fluorescence intensity recorded for each of the two alleles...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620260/the-positive-expression-of-genotype-vii-newcastle-disease-virus-malaysian-isolate-in-japanese-quails-coturnix-coturnix-japonica
#4
Lizma Felisha Mazlan, Noor Farhana Bachek, Siti Nor Azizah Mahamud, Lokman Hakim Idris, Tan Sheau Wei, Abdul Rahman Omar, Mohd Hezmee Mohd Noor
AIM: Genotype VII Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is the most predominant NDV strains that circulating in Malaysia; thus, this study was aimed to determine the susceptibility of Japanese quails toward genotype VII NDV. Clinical signs, gross pathological lesions of organs, positive detection of virus in organs and cloacal swabs, as well as the expression of the antibody titer, were used as parameters to assess the susceptibility of Japanese quails following infection of genotype VII NDV...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620259/standardization-of-dot-enzyme-linked-immmunosorbent-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-bovine-visceral-schistosomiasis
#5
Kommu Sudhakar, G S Sreenivasa Murthy, Gaddam Rajeshwari
AIM: Bovine visceral schistosomiasis has been reported as an important disease entity as it affects animal health, productivity, causes economic losses due to liver condemnation, and produces a high morbidity. This study was conducted to standardize an easy, reliable dot-enzyme-linked immmunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of visceral schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma spindale and to know the prevalence rate in and around Hyderabad. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dot-ELISA was standardized in the laboratory using whole worm antigen (WWA) and excretory-secretory antigen (ESA) of S...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620258/development-of-indirect-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-diagnosis-of-canine-leptospirosis
#6
A Sathiyamoorthy, G Selvaraju, K M Palanivel, And P Srinivasan
AIM: This study was taken up to develop an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (i-ELISA) for screening antibodies against Leptospira spp. in canines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An i-ELISA was developed using outer membrane protein extracted from Leptospira interrogans serovar canicola used for coating the well with concentration of 0.5 µg/µl. A total of 250 serum samples from clinically affected and apparently healthy dogs were collected along with relevant epidemiological data at Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, and subjected to i-ELISA...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620257/comparison-of-milk-production-and-milk-composition-for-an-exotic-and-a-local-synthetic-rabbit-lines
#7
Karim El-Sabrout, Sarah Aggag, Alaa El-Raffa
AIM: Basic objective of this research was to compare two rabbit lines: V-line (exotic line), Alexandria (local synthetic line) for yield and composition of milk product and their effect on productive performance of rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiment was conducted on 80 does and their kits. Milk yield (MY) of each doe and milk composition (MC) were recorded at 3(rd) week of lactation. RESULTS: The results of MY showed insignificant difference between V-line and Alexandria line...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620256/effects-of-season-and-artificial-photoperiod-on-semen-and-seminal-plasma-characteristics-in-bucks-of-two-goat-breeds-maintained-in-a-semen-collection-center
#8
Francisco Arrebola, José-Alfonso Abecia
AIM: This study quantified the effects of season and photoperiodic treatment on semen and seminal plasma (SP) characteristics in 12 bucks of two Spanish goat breeds (Murciano-Granadina, and Payoya) for the past 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 6 bucks (three of each breed) were exposed to the natural day length and the other six males (three of each breed) were exposed to alternating conditions of 2 months of long days (16 h light) and 2 months of short days (8 h light)...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620255/detection-of-emerging-antibiotic-resistance-in-bacteria-isolated-from-subclinical-mastitis-in-cattle-in-west-bengal
#9
Arnab Das, Chanchal Guha, Ujjwal Biswas, Partha Sarathi Jana, Amaresh Chatterjee, Indranil Samanta
AIM: The aim of this work was to detect antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria isolated from subclinical mastitis in cattle in West Bengal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The milk samples were collected from the cattle suffering with subclinical mastitis in West Bengal. The milk samples were inoculated into the nutrient broth and incubated at 37°C. On the next day, the growth was transferred into nutrient agar and MacConkey agar. All the pure cultures obtained from nutrient agar slant were subjected to Gram-staining and standard biochemical tests...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620254/isolation-morphological-identification-and-in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-of-endophytic-bacteria-isolated-from-azadirachta-indica-neem-leaves
#10
Ankit Kumar Singh, Rajesh Kumar Sharma, Varsha Sharma, Tanmay Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Dimple Kumari
AIM: The objective of this study was to isolate endophytic bacteria from Azadirachta indica (neem) leaves, their identification and investigate their antibacterial activity against three Gram-positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Bacillus cereus and Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium and Klebsiella pneumoniae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fresh leaves of A. indica (neem) was procured from the Department of Botany, JNKVV, Jabalpur...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620253/dactylogyrus-barnae-sp-n-platyhelminthes-monogenoidea-infecting-gills-of-barilius-barna-hamilton-1822-pisces-cyprinidae-from-a-global-biodiversity-hotspot-arunachal-pradesh-india
#11
Leki Wangchu, Dobiam Narba, Michi Yassa, Amit Tripathi
AIM: This study was a part of an ongoing parasitological survey to investigate the health status of hill stream fish in river systems of Arunachal Pradesh - A global biodiversity hotspot. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the 2013/2015, 18 live specimens of Barilius barna (Cyprinidae) were captured from the local rivers of Arunachal Pradesh and examined for parasitic monogenoids. These fish, with their flatworms, were immediately fixed in hot (60°C) 4% formalin for later examination...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620252/an-immunological-approach-of-sperm-sexing-and-different-methods-for-identification-of-x-and-y-chromosome-bearing-sperm
#12
REVIEW
Shiv Kumar Yadav, Dharmendra Kumar Gangwar, Jarnail Singh, Chiranjeev Kumar Tikadar, V Vinoth Khanna, Sudha Saini, Sunny Dholpuria, Prabhat Palta, Radhey Shyam Manik, Manoj Kumar Singh, Suresh Kumar Singla
Separation of X- and Y-chromosome bearing sperm has been practiced for selection of desired sex of offspring to increase the profit in livestock industries. At present, fluorescence-activated cell sorter is the only successful method for separation of X- and Y-chromosome bearing sperm. This technology is based on the differences in DNA content between these two types of sperm and has been commercialized for bovine sperm. However, this technology still has problems in terms of high economic cost, sperm damage, and lower pregnancy rates compared to unsorted semen...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620251/physiological-alteration-quality-of-anesthesia-and-economy-of-isoflurane-in-domestic-chickens-gallus-domesticus
#13
Parag Deori, Kushal Konwar Sarma, Parsha Jyoti Nath, Chandan Kumar Singh, Rita Nath
AIM: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of isoflurane anesthesia on physiological parameters, assessment of anesthetic qualities, and economy of use of isoflurane in domestic chickens (Gallus domesticus). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 18 apparently healthy adult domestic chickens were selected randomly and divided into three groups. The birds were anesthetized by masked induction with isoflurane at a dose rate of 3.5%, 4%, and 5% and were maintained with 1...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620250/influence-of-clinical-mastitis-and-its-treatment-outcome-on-reproductive-performance-in-crossbred-cows-a-retrospective-study
#14
Narender Kumar, A Manimaran, M Sivaram, A Kumaresan, S Jeyakumar, L Sreela, P Mooventhan, D Rajendran
AIM: Evaluation of the effect of clinical mastitis (CM) and its treatment outcome on the reproductive performance in crossbred cows retrospectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Datasets of 835 lactating cows affected with CM during a period of 12 years (2001-2012) were considered for this study. Mastitis treatment related data and reproductive parameters such as days to first detected heat (DTFDH), days to first insemination (DTFI), days open (DO), and number of services per conception (SC) were collected from mastitis treatment and artificial insemination registers, respectively...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620249/comparison-of-surti-goat-milk-with-cow-and-buffalo-milk-for-physicochemical-characteristics-selected-processing-related-parameters-and-activity-of-selected-enzymes
#15
Darshna B Prajapati, Dharti B Kapadiya, Amit Kumar Jain, Bhavbhuti M Mehta, Vijaykumar B Darji, Kishorkumar D Aparnathi
AIM: The study was undertaken to find out the physicochemical characteristics, selected processing-related parameters and activity of selected enzymes in Surti goat milk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Milk samples from Surti goats and buffalo milk samples were collected during the period from July 2013 to January 2014 at Reproductive Biology Research Unit, Anand Agricultural University (AAU), Anand. Milk samples from Kankrej cows were collected from Livestock Research Station, AAU, Anand...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620248/relative-gene-expression-of-fatty-acid-synthesis-genes-at-60-days-postpartum-in-bovine-mammary-epithelial-cells-of-surti-and-jafarabadi-buffaloes
#16
Mamta Janmeda, Vishnu Kharadi, Gaurav Pandya, Balkrishna Brahmkshtri, Umed Ramani, Kuldeep Tyagi
AIM: Aim of the study was to study the relative gene expression of genes associated with fatty acid synthesis at 60 days postpartum (pp) in bovine mammary epithelial cells (MECs) of Surti and Jafarabadi buffaloes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 10 healthy Surti and Jafarabadi buffaloes of each breed were selected at random from Livestock Research Station, Navsari and Cattle Breeding Farm, Junagadh, Gujarat, respectively, for this study. Milk sample was collected from each selected buffalo at day 60 pp from these two breeds to study relative gene expression of major milk fat genes using non-invasive approach of obtaining primary bovine MECs (pBMEC) from milk samples...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507420/some-hematological-and-biochemical-parameters-of-different-goat-breeds-in-sultanate-of-oman-a-preliminary-study
#17
Shahab Al-Bulushi, Turke Shawaf, Afaf Al-Hasani
AIM: In Sultanate of Oman, goats are considered as one of the most important livestock in which there are many breeds of goat such as Batinah, Jabali, Dhofari, Jabal Al-Akhdar, Sahrawi, and Sahrawi Musandam. Little hematological and biochemical information is known on Omani goat breeds; therefore, the main purpose of this study was to determine reference baseline data regarding hematological and biochemical values of different Omani goat breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 healthy animals of different Omani goat breeds (Jabali, Jabal Al-Akhdar, Sahrawi, and Sahrawi Musandam) were selected randomly from different areas in Sultanate of Oman...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507419/exploring-the-potential-hazard-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-as-a-cause-for-crohn-s-disease
#18
Sukumar Bharathy, Lakshmanasami Gunaseelan, Kannan Porteen
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is the causative agent of Johne's disease (JD), or paratuberculosis in ruminants has been suspected to be implicated in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) in humans with chronic inflammatory intestinal changes. As the hypothesis is now fast being recognized that MAP could possibly be the etiological agent of CD which is found to be excreted in milk of dairy animals subclinically or terminally ill with JD. AIM: The present study was aimed to detect MAP in milk by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting IS900 and to describe the excretion pattern of MAP in milk from asymptomatic lactating cows and does with relevance to the public health significance...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507418/spatial-pattern-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-serotypes-in-north-central-nigeria
#19
Yiltawe Simwal Wungak, Olayinka O Ishola, Babasola O Olugasa, David D Lazarus, David O Ehizibolo, Hussaini G Ularamu
AIM: This study aimed to determine the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotypes circulating, the prevalence of FMDV serotypes, and the spatial distribution of FMDV among sedentary and pastoral cattle herds in the North-Central Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken, during which a total of 155 sera that tested positive for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) 3ABC non-structural protein antibodies were selected and screened for FMD structural protein serotypes, A, O, SAT 1, and SAT 2 using a solid-phase competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507417/molecular-detection-of-taenia-spp-in-dogs-feces-in-zanjan-province-northwest-of-iran
#20
Mohammad Hasan Kohansal, Abbasali Nourian, Ali Haniloo, Asghar Fazaeli
AIM: Echinococcus and Taenia spp. are important but neglected zoonotic helminths of dogs. Dogs as the most relevant definitive hosts harbor several species of Taenia and Echinococcus simultaneously in their gastrointestinal lumen which are morphologically indistinguishable. In this study, we used a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method to identify Taeniid infections which seem to be highly distributed in the study region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 450 dog fecal samples were collected from eight different areas of Zanjan province, northwest of Iran, and examined using a flotation method followed by multiplex PCR for detection and identification of parasites' eggs...
April 2017: Veterinary World
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