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Autopsy & Case Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721447/continuous-publication-changing-the-publishing-model
#1
EDITORIAL
Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588909/muehrcke-s-lines
#2
Nuno Teixeira Tavares, Andreia Costa, Margarida Damasceno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588908/autopsy-kidneys-an-overlooked-resource
#3
EDITORIAL
Kammi J Henriksen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588907/disseminated-toxoplasmosis-in-a-patient-with-advanced-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#4
Ricardo Garcia Pastorello, Anderson da Costa Lino Costa, Marcio Valente Yamada Sawamura, Antonio Carlos Nicodemo, Amaro Nunes Duarte-Neto
Extracerebral toxoplasmosis, with pulmonary involvement and shock, is a rare form of toxoplasmosis in patients with advanced AIDS. It can mimic pneumocystosis, histoplasmosis, and disseminated tuberculosis, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of causes of respiratory failure and fulminant disease in this group of individuals, especially in areas where the Toxoplasma gondii infection is highly prevalent and in those without proper use of antimicrobial prophylaxis. We report the case of a 46-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency department with uremia, requiring urgent dialysis...
January 2018: Autopsy & case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515985/traumatic-injury-to-the-internal-carotid-artery-by-the-hyoid-bone-a-rare-cause-of-ischemic-stroke
#5
Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos, Marcia Yoshie Kanegae, Vera Demarchi Aiello, Pedro José Dos Santos, Tatiane Carneiro Gratão, Erasmo Simão Silva
Central nervous system (CNS) ischemic events, besides being a common and devastating disease, are accompanied by severe disability and other morbidities. The cause of such events is not always that simple to diagnose, and among the young, a broad spectrum of possibilities should be considered. We present the case of a young man who presented two episodes of CNS ischemia with a 1 year gap between them, which occurred in the same situation while he was walking and carrying a heavy backpack. The second event first presented as a transient ischemic attack followed by a stroke the day after...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515984/gingival-complex-odontoma-a-rare-case-report-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
Marcos Custódio, Juliane Pirágine Araujo, Camila de Barros Gallo, Marília Trierveiler
Odontomas are odontogenic tumors composed of a mixture of dental tissues. They are very common hamartomas of the jaws. However, their peripheral or gingival counterparts are extremely uncommon. The objective of this article is to report a rare case of gingival complex odontoma in an 11-year-old patient, and also to review all published cases of this type of lesion.
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515983/suspicious-scars-physical-child-abuse-vs-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#7
Amal Nishantha Vadysinghe, Chatula Usari Wickramashinghe, Dineshi Nadira Nanayakkara, Chandishni Ishara Kaluarachchi
Child abuse is a sensitive topic among many medical practitioners and the diagnosis of this entity requires awareness about conditions which can mimic physical child abuse. Here, the authors present a case of a 13-year-old school non-attendee who was referred due to multiple scars, over areas prone to accidental as well as non-accidental injury, who underwent medicolegal examination due to suspicion of physical child abuse. On further inquiry, it was discovered that she had easy bruising and poor wound healing...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515982/stance-of-pathology-residents-on-declining-number-of-autopsies
#8
Ameer Hamza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515981/gastric-lethal-hemorrhage-due-to-dieulafoy-s-disease
#9
Cesar Cilento Ponce
Gastric Dieulafoy's lesion (DL) is a potentially fatal entity that causes upper digestive hemorrhage as a consequence of the erosion of an abnormal large-caliber artery in the submucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. We report the case of a 59-year-old female patient admitted to the emergency facility due to melena without any active sign of bleeding during the esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Unexpectedly, she progressed presenting a massive hematemesis followed by an irreversible cardiorespiratory arrest. The aim of this study is to draw attention to DL as a possible cause of massive and fatal digestive hemorrhage, and to describe the anatomical autopsy findings...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515980/huge-recurrent-gastric-neuroendocrine-tumor-a-second-line-chemotherapeutic-dilemma
#10
Maria João Marques Ribeiro, Teresa Alonso, Pablo Gajate, Javier Molina, Arantzazu Barquin, Cristian Perna, Enrique Grande
Chemotherapy is considered "state of the art" for the treatment of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms. Unfortunately, there is no standard effective post-first-line treatment for relapsing high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. We report the case of a patient with a gastric neuroendocrine carcinoma stage IV, with massive gastrointestinal bleeding at diagnosis. After the first line of platin-based chemotherapy a major tumoral response was documented, but the patient relapsed after 4 months...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515979/thymic-teratoma-presenting-as-non-immune-hydrops-fetalis
#11
Ameer Hamza, Eleftherios Vouyoukas, Ian Jacob Anderson, Martha Jaye Higgins
Teratomas are one of the most frequent tumors in the pediatric population. They occur anywhere along the midline of the body, following the course of the embryonic germ cell ridge. In the mediastinal location, they exert space occupying effects, leading to a myriad of complications, including non-immune hydrops fetalis. We describe a fatal case of an immature thymic teratoma in a neonate presenting with hydrops fetalis. This case emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and surgical intervention in such cases...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515978/virtual-autopsy-machine-learning-and-ai-provide-new-opportunities-for-investigating-minimal-tumor-burden-and-therapy-resistance-by-cancer-patients
#12
Shane O'Sullivan, Andreas Holzinger, Dominic Wichmann, Paulo Hilario Nascimento Saldiva, Mohammed Imran Sajid, Kurt Zatloukal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515977/occurrence-of-mesothelial-monocytic-incidental-cardiac-excrescences-in-material-from-open-heart-procedures-case-reports-and-literature-review
#13
Vitor Gabriel Ribeiro Grossi, Karen Lee, Léa Maria Demarchi, Jussara Bianchi Castelli, Vera Demarchi Aiello
Mesothelial/monocytic incidental cardiac excrescences (MICE) are unusual findings during the histological analysis of material from the pericardium, mediastinum, or other tissues collected in open-heart surgery. Despite their somewhat worrisome histological appearance, they show a benign clinical course, and further treatment is virtually never necessary. Hence, the importance of recognizing the entity relays in its differential diagnosis, as an unaware medical pathologist may misinterpret it for a malignant neoplasm...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515976/fas-ligand-and-caspase-3-positivity-in-three-cases-of-histiocytic-sarcoma-a-different-etiopathogenic-pathway
#14
Cristiano Claudino Oliveira, Rafael Bispo Paschoalini, Maria Aparecida Custódio Domingues
Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare malignant neoplasia of hematopoietic origin and unknown etiology. We studied three patients with histiocytic sarcoma reviewing the morphological and immunohistochemical aspects. We evaluated in particular, if apoptosis may be unbalanced in this disease. All cases have morphological and immunohistochemical features consistent with the diagnosis of histiocytic sarcoma. The markers CD163, CD68, vimentin, lysozyme, and S-100 were positive in all cases. Similarly, the three samples were positive for Fas-ligand and Caspase-3...
January 2018: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264328/respiratory-distress-of-unknown-etiology-in-a-transplant-recipient-think-toxoplasmosis
#15
Ameer Hamza, Ian Jacob Anderson, Basim Al-Khafaji
Disseminated toxoplasmosis is a life-threatening disease in immunocompromised individuals. Infection is contracted from handling contaminated soil, cat litter, or through the consumption of contaminated water or food. It is the third most common lethal foodborne infection in the United States. In transplant patients, most cases occur as a result of reactivation of a latent infection resulting from immunosuppression. We present a case of disseminated toxoplasmosis diagnosed at the time of autopsy. This case emphasizes the importance of maintaining a high index of clinical suspicion and active disease surveillance in this era of sophisticated diagnostic testing...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264327/pancreatic-hamartoma-in-a-premature-trisomy-18-female
#16
Patricia Isabel Delgado, Mayrin Correa-Medina, Claudia P Rojas
Pancreatic hamartomas are extremely rare tumors in adults and even more so in children. They are lesions characterized by acinar, islet and ductal components found in varying proportions and in a disorganized pattern. We report a case of a premature female with trisomy 18 diagnosed by amniocentesis. The newborn was delivered by cesarean section at thirty-three weeks of gestation and expired within one hour of birth. Postmortem examination exhibited numerous features associated with Trisomy 18 including lanugo on the torso and arms, micrognathia, microstomia, left low-set ear with small flat pinna, closed ear canal, clenched fists with overlapping fingers, rocker-bottom feet, narrow pelvis, large right diaphragmatic hernia and left pulmonary hypoplasia...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259933/nominata-of-the-reviewers-of-the-volume-7-2017
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259932/undifferentiated-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-with-osteoclast-like-giant-cells-reported-in-an-asymptomatic-patient-a-rare-case-and-literature-review
#18
Ramen Sakhi, Ameer Hamza, Muhammad Siddique Khurram, Warda Ibrar, Paul Mazzara
Undifferentiated carcinoma of the pancreas with osteoclast-like giant cells (UC-OGC) is a rare and poorly described pancreatic malignancy. It is comprised of mononuclear, pleomorphic, and undifferentiated cells as well as osteoclast-like giant cells (OGC's). It constitutes less than 1% of pancreatic non-endocrine neoplasia and is twice as likely to occur in females as in males. Its histopathologic properties remain poorly understood. It is suspected that UC-OGC is of epithelial origin that can then transition to mesenchymal elements...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259931/bone-marrow-necrosis-and-fat-embolism-syndrome-a-dreadful-complication-of-hemoglobin-sickle-cell-disease
#19
Eduardo Pelegrineti Targueta, André Carramenha de Góes Hirano, Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos, João Augusto Dos Santos Martines, Silvana Maria Lovisolo, Aloisio Felipe-Silva
Sickle cell disease encompasses a wide range of genotypic presentation with particular clinical features. The entity affects millions of people, particularly those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa and other countries in the Western Hemisphere, Saudi Arabia, and India. Currently, the high frequency of S and C genes reflects natural selection through the protection of heterozygotes against severe malaria, the high frequency of consanguineous marriages, improvement of some public health policies and the nutritional standards in the poorer countries where newborns are now living long enough to present for diagnosis and management...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259930/intravascular-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-multi-organ-failure-presenting-as-a-pancreatic-mass-a-case-with-atypical-presentation-and-definite-diagnosis-postmortem
#20
Faisal Mahmudul Huq Ronny, Margaret Ann Black, Arnaldo A Arbini
Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a very rare extra nodal lymphoma that tends to proliferate within small blood vessels, particularly capillaries and postcapillary venules while sparing the organ parenchyma. The cause of its affinity for the vascular bed remains unknown. Because of its rarity and unremarkable clinical presentation, a timely diagnosis of IVLBCL is very challenging. Here, we describe a case of IVLBCL presenting as pancreatic mass that was ultimately diagnosed at autopsy. A 71-year-old Caucasian female presented with a 3-month history of fatigue, abdominal pain, and weight loss...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
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