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Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250728/case-report-of-ovarian-torsion-mimicking-ovarian-cancer-as-an-uncommon-late-complication-of-laparoscopic-supracervical-hysterectomy
#1
Michał Ciebiera, Arkadiusz Baran, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Grzegorz Jakiel
Laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy (LSH) is an example of a partial hysterectomy, performed due to benign gynaecological complaints. Better endoscopic instruments and operational techniques have led to a great reduction in the number of abdominal hysterectomies. It is believed that LSH is a safe and minimally invasive hysterectomy technique. The Cochrane Database meta-analysis proves the benefits of minimally invasive surgery compared with abdominal gynaecological surgery, including decreased pain, surgical-site infections and hospital stay, quicker return to activity, and fewer postoperative adhesions...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250727/leiomyoma-in-the-retzius-space
#2
Dobrosława Sikora-Szczęśniak
Parauterine location of leiomyomas is observed to be an extremely rare clinical condition. However, when benign or malignant primary tumours are detected in that area, they are often found in the Retzius space. There have been only six cases of leiomyomas in the Retzius space reported in the literature so far. The paper presents one such leiomyoma case located in the Retzius space. This extremely rare location of the tumour justifies its presentation. The medical records of the patient treated in the outpatient's obstetrics and gynaecology (ob-gyn) clinic, her case history, and hospital records, supplemented by information obtained from the patient's daughter, were analysed...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250726/parp-inhibitors-review-of-mechanisms-of-action-and-brca1-2-mutation-targeting
#3
REVIEW
Karolina N Dziadkowiec, Emilia Gąsiorowska, Ewa Nowak-Markwitz, Anna Jankowska
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases have shown true promise in early clinical studies due to reported activity in BRCA-associated cancers. PARP inhibitors may represent a potentially important new class of chemotherapeutic agents directed at targeting cancers with defective DNA-damage repair. In order to widen the prospective patient population that would benefit from PARP inhibitors, predictive biomarkers based on a clear understanding of the mechanism of action are required. In addition, a more sophisticated understanding of the toxicity profile is required if PARP inhibitors are to be employed in the curative, rather than the palliative, setting...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250725/autoimmune-premature-ovarian-failure
#4
REVIEW
Beata Komorowska
Premature ovarian failure (POF), also termed as primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), is a highly heterogenous condition affecting 0.5-3.0% of women in childbearing age. These young women comprise quite a formidable group with unique physical and psychological needs that require special attention. Premature ovarian senescence (POS) in all of its forms evolves insidiously as a basically asymptomatic process, leading to complete loss of ovarian function, and POI/POF diagnoses are currently made at relatively late stages...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250724/the-influence-of-uterine-artery-embolisation-on-ovarian-reserve-fertility-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Piotr Czuczwar, Anna Stępniak, Wojciech Wrona, Sławomir Woźniak, Paweł Milart, Tomasz Paszkowski
Uterine fibroids are considered to be the most frequent female benign tumours. Fibroids affect mainly women of reproductive age. The most frequently reported signs and symptoms of fibroids include disturbances of the menstrual cycle such as heavy bleeding and painful menstruation, pelvic masses associated with pelvic pain, urinary problems or constipation, as well as infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. The mainstay of fibroid treatment is still surgery. However, many patients seek alternative treatment options for fibroids, to preserve their uterus and fertility...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250723/ulipristal-acetate-before-high-complexity-endoscopic-hysteroscopic-laparoscopic-myomectomy-a-mini-review
#6
REVIEW
Włodzimierz Baranowski
Uterine myomas (fibromas, leiomyomas) are the most common tumours in women, and their clinical signs and symptoms are presented by 25-40% of patients with these benign tumours. According to current guidelines, the armamentarium for myoma management consists of: medical therapy (GnRH, SPRMs), non-surgical alternatives including uterine artery embolisation (UAE), vaginal temporary occlusion of uterine arteries using clamp-like device or MRgFUS technique, and surgical treatment (including minimally invasive techniques)...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250722/acute-resistance-exercise-reduces-increased-gene-expression-in-muscle-atrophy-of-ovariectomised-arthritic-rats
#7
Roberto Furlanetto, Aletéia de Paula Souza, Anselmo Alves de Oliveira, Paulo Ricardo Prado Nunes, Márcia Antoniazi Michelin, Javier Emilio Lazo Chica, Eddie Fernando Candido Murta, Fábio Lera Orsatti
OBJECTIVE: We studied the effect of resistance exercise (RE) on mRNA levels of atrogin-1, MuRF-1, and myostatin in the gastrocnemius muscle of arthritic rats after loss of ovarian function (LOF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty female Wistar rats (nine weeks old, 195.3 ±17.4 grams) were randomly allocated into five groups: control group (CT-Sham; n = 6); group with rheumatoid arthritis (RA; n = 6); group with rheumatoid arthritis subjected to RE (RAEX; n = 6); ovariectomy group with rheumatoid arthritis (RAOV; n = 6); and an ovariectomy group with rheumatoid arthritis subjected to RE (RAOVEX; n = 6)...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250721/how-can-gynaecologists-cope-with-the-silent-killer-osteoporosis
#8
Marian Szamatowicz
Osteoporosis is a very common disease among women. It is frequently called a silent epidemic and, due to its impact on osteoporotic fractures with high morbidity and mortality, also a silent killer. There are a number of significant risk factors for osteoporosis, some of them very strongly related to the functioning of the reproductive system. These include menstrual irregularities, premature ovarian failure, early natural or surgical menopause, a high number of pregnancies, and long-term breast-feeding. Hence, there is every reason to include gynaecologists in the multidisciplinary team striving to cope with this dreadful disease...
December 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980530/the-significance-of-markers-in-the-diagnosis-of-endometrial-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Monika M Żyła, Jacek R Wilczyński, Marta Kostrzewa, Kinga Księżakowska-Łakoma, Marek Nowak, Grzegorz Stachowiak, Krzysztof Szyłło, Tomasz Stetkiewicz
Endometrial cancer is one of the most common cancers experienced by women throughout the world. It is also the most common malignancy within the female reproductive system, representing 37.7% of all disorders. The incidence increases with age, and is diagnosed most frequently in women between 45 and 65 years old. In the last few years, numerous studies have been performed to identify tumour biomarkers. Biomarkers include not only protein routinely used as tumour markers but also genes and chromosomes. The limiting factor in the use of markers in the diagnosis of endometrial cancer is their lack of specificity...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980529/ten-years-of-anti-hpv-vaccinations-what-do-we-know
#10
Robert Jach, Antoni Basta, Jan Kotarski, Janina Markowska, Tomasz Paszkowski, Romuald Dębski, Wojciech Rokita, Witold Kędzia, Krystyna Kiszka
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most important carcinogens in humans. Vaccines against HPV are now considered the first anti-cancer vaccinations. Since 2007, in many developed countries, there have been recommendations present for preventive vaccines against HPV. At present, the degree of implementation of these recommendations depends on a number of country-specific factors such as the health care system organization or the ways of funding. HPV vaccines are primarily to prevent the development of cervical cancer and other genital cancers...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980528/uterine-angioleiomyoma-a-rare-variant-of-uterine-leiomyoma-review-of-literature-and-case-reports
#11
Dobrosława L Sikora-Szczęśniak
INTRODUCTION: Uterine angioleiomyoma (AL) is an extremely rare variant of uterine leiomyoma. It is composed of smooth muscle cells and thick-walled blood vessels. Angioleiomyoma usually occurs in middle-aged women, 40-60 years old. Aim of the study was to review of literature research reports on uterine AL. Discussion of nine case reports of uterine AL in the patients operated on in our ward. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The paper presents analysis of accessible research reports on uterine AL, and medical records of the patients operated on in our ward...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980527/the-prevalence-of-sexual-activity-and-sexual-dysfunction-and-behaviours-in-postmenopausal-woman-in-poland
#12
Kamila B Czajkowska, Zbigniew Lew-Starowicz, Monika Szymańska
INTRODUCTION: Despite the aging of the population, there is limited data available about sexual life and behaviours among of postmenopausal and late postmenopausal women. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction, behaviours, and preferences in the Polish population in 2015. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This observational survey study involved 538 women, of whom 220 were over 50 years old. The main focus was on the differences and changes between older age groups, mainly 50-59 years and over 60 years...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980526/men-s-knowledge-about-osteoporosis-and-its-risk-factors
#13
Mariola Janiszewska, Dorota Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek, Teresa Kulik, Małgorzata A Dziedzic, Agnieszka Barańska, Aneta Kryk
INTRODUCTION: Until recently osteoporosis was seen mainly as a woman's problem. However, in the last ten years there has been rising awareness in society that osteoporosis constitutes an inseparable element of getting old for men as well. The aim of the research was to evaluate men's knowledge about osteoporosis and its risk factors contributing to the development of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 205 men aged 20-60. The examined men were patients of selected healthcare centres in Lublin Voivodeship...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980525/leiomyoma-and-leiomyoma-cellulare-of-the-fallopian-tube-review-of-the-literature-and-case-reports
#14
Dobrosława L Sikora-Szczęśniak
INTRODUCTION: Leiomyoma of the fallopian tube is extremely rare, and its version - leiomyoma cellulare (LC) of the fallopian tube is absolutely unique. Aim of the study was to review literature reports on leiomyomas of the fallopian tubes, and to present cases of leiomyoma and LC of the fallopian tubes in the patients operated on in our ward. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were fewer than 100 cases of leiomyomas of the fallopian tubes discussed in the literature up to 1993...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980524/professional-activity-of-polish-peri-and-postmenopausal-women
#15
Dorota Żołnierczuk-Kieliszek, Mariola Janiszewska, Agata Mielniczuk, Małgorzata A Dziedzic, Ewelina Firlej
INTRODUCTION: The menopausal transition as one of the stages in women's life can bring many ailments which complicate the accomplishment of professional duties. The situation of women on the Polish job market is determined by many barriers and stereotypes which impede women's access to jobs and professional promotions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the study was to estimate the professional status and job satisfaction of women aged 40-65. The research was carried out by a survey method, a poll technique in the period from January to March 2016...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980523/assessment-of-levels-of-the-tumor-markers-he4-and-ca125-considering-staging-grading-and-histological-types-of-endometrial-cancer
#16
Nabil Abdalla, Robert Piórkowski, Paweł Stanirowski, Anna Słomka, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Włodzimierz Sawicki
AIM OF THE STUDY: Aim of the study was to assess statistical differences of serum levels of HE4 and CA125 between certain endometrial cancer stages, grading and histological types. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 52 patients admitted to our clinic for a surgical operation because of endometrial cancer was performed. HE4 and CA125 were measured for each patient. The staging was done according to FIGO. The statistical difference of serum levels of tumor markers was analyzed considering different stages, grading and histological types...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980522/ultrasound-imaging-in-urogynecology-state-of-the-art-2016
#17
Michał Bogusiewicz
The role of ultrasound imaging in urogynecology is not clearly defined. Despite significant developments in visualization techniques and interpretation of images, pelvic ultrasound is still more a tool for research than for clinical practice. Structures of the lower genitourinary tract and pelvic floor can be visualized from different approaches: transperineal, introital, transvaginal, abdominal or endoanal. According to contemporary guidelines and recommendations, the role of ultrasound in urogynecology is limited to the measurement of post-void residue...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582687/benign-metastasizing-leiomyoma-in-triple-location-lungs-parametria-and-appendix
#18
Renata Raś, Mariusz Książek, Edyta Barnaś, Joanna Skręt-Magierło, Wojciech Kąziołka, Ludmiła Fudali, Justyna Filipowska, Andrzej Skręt
Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) usually are situated in one organ, most often in lungs. BML patients typically have a history of uterine leiomyoma treated with hysterectomy, myomectomy or subtotal hysterectomy. The aim of the study was to present the case of a 53-year-old woman with triple location in the lungs, parametria and appendix. She had undergone a myomectomy 26 years earlier. In 2015, she was admitted to the surgical department because of abdominal pain, whereupon a cholecystectomy was performed...
June 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582686/consequences-of-gynecological-cancer-in-patients-and-their-partners-from-the-sexual-and-psychological-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Dariusz Iżycki, Katarzyna Woźniak, Natalia Iżycka
The diagnosis of gynecological cancer and the following consequences of the treatment radically change the lives of cancer patients and their partners. Women experience negative consequences in terms of sexual, psychological and social functioning. Surgical treatment may result in a decrease in sexual pleasure and pain during intercourse. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy can cause a loss of libido and negatively affect the capacity to experience pleasure or orgasm. Treatment-related changes may include the occurrence of body image disorders, decreased quality of life as well as depressive and anxiety disorders among patients...
June 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582685/impact-of-physical-activity-and-fitness-on-the-level-of-kinesiophobia-in-women-of-perimenopausal-age
#20
REVIEW
Mariola Saulicz, Edward Saulicz, Andrzej Knapik, Pawel Linek, Jerzy Rottermund, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Tomasz Wolny
To determine the impact of physical activity and fitness on the level of physical activity barriers (kinesiophobia) in women of perimenopausal age, the study included 105 women between the ages of 48 and 58. A Baecke questionnaire was used to evaluate physical activity and a modified Fullerton test was used to evaluate the fitness level. The level of kinesiophobia was assessed using the Kinesiophobia Causes Scale questionnaire. A low level of habitual physical activity has a negative impact on the values of Biological Domain (r = -0...
June 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
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