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British Journal of Pain

Michael E Hyland, Claire Hinton, Charlotte Hill, Ben Whalley, Rupert Cm Jones, Anthony F Davies
As the cause of fibromyalgia is controversial, communicating with patients can be challenging, particularly if the patient adopts the narrative 'I am damaged and so I need a more powerful pain killer'. Research shows that providing patients with alternative narratives can be helpful, but it remains unclear what particular narratives are most acceptable to patients and at the same time provide a rationale for evidence based psychological and exercise interventions. This article described the development of a new narrative and the written comments made about the narrative by fibromyalgia patients...
August 2016: British Journal of Pain
Michél Rathbone, William Parkinson, Yasir Rehman, Shucui Jiang, Mohit Bhandari, Dinesh Kumbhare
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to estimate the size and variability of the association between chronic pain (CP) and poorer cognitive test performances as a function of individual tests, pain sub-types, and study sources on 22 studies having (1) a control group, (2) reported means and standard deviations (SDs) and (3) tests studied at least 3 times. RESULTS: CP patients performed significantly poorer with small to moderate effects (d = -...
August 2016: British Journal of Pain
Pamela Portelli, Clare Eldred
Smartphone applications (apps) are recent innovations that have not been studied extensively. The lack of regulatory body assessing the content of existing apps means that their quality is often unknown. This review aims to assess the quality of smartphone apps that claim to provide information and treatment for pain conditions. It assesses the degree to which apps adhere to evidence-based practices in psychological research for pain management and which stand the best chance of being effective for consumers...
August 2016: British Journal of Pain
Mirella J Hopper, Suzi Curtis, Suzanne Hodge, Rebecca Simm
In line with growing evidence of the health benefits of singing, this study aimed to explore participants' perceptions of the impact of a service-user-led community pain choir on their psychological wellbeing, self-efficacy and relationships with their chronic pain. The choir has links to a multidisciplinary pain management service, which is informed by the ethos of solution-focused (SF) principles, specifically in identifying and drawing upon patients' resources. Seven choir members participated in semi-structured interviews, grounded in lines of enquiry commonly used in SF practice...
August 2016: British Journal of Pain
Roger Knaggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: British Journal of Pain
Prisca Bradshaw, Seetharaman Hariharan, Deryk Chen
OBJECTIVES: Patients with high anxiety states in the preoperative period often have more intense postoperative pain, despite adequate pain control during the intraoperative period. This study aimed to determine the relationship between the preoperative psychological status and the pain experienced postoperatively in a sample of Caribbean patients. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in elective surgical adult patients at a teaching hospital in the Caribbean...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Eloise Cj Carr, Emma V Briggs, Michelle Briggs, Nick Allcock, Pauline Black, Derek Jones
BACKGROUND: Studies in Europe, North America and Australasia suggest that one in five adults suffer from pain. There is increasing recognition that pain, particularly chronic pain, represents a global health burden. Many studies, including two national surveys exploring the content of undergraduate curricula for pain education, identify that documented pain education in curricula was limited and fragmentary. METHODS: The study design used a questionnaire which included an open text comment box for respondents to add 'further comments' as part of larger study previously published...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Vinay S Anjana Reddy, Chhaya Sharma, Kuang-Yi Chang, Vivek Mehta
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) pain is considered to be the third most common cause of low back pain with the prevalence of 13-25% in all low back pain patients. Its diagnosis and treatment remain a challenge with the poor evidence base for interventional procedures. Patients with SIJ pain experience a low quality of life, worse than some of the chronic health conditions. Simplicity radiofrequency (RF) neurotomy is a novel technique which tackles some of the problems faced by conventional RF neurotomy and may offer better results in managing pain arising from SIJ...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Nisreen Fahmy, Julian Siah, Joanna Umo-Etuk
BACKGROUND: Pain is the commonest reason for delayed discharge and readmission post day surgery with up to 45% of patients reported to suffer moderate-to-severe post-surgical pain 24 hours after discharge. The importance of post-surgical pain management extends beyond the acute phase when one considers that all chronic post-surgical pain was once acute. Although much focus is given to perioperative analgesia, a patient's pain management once discharged can be overlooked, whilst at this time the patient's pain management is within their own hands...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Samiul Muquit, Ahmad Abdelhai Moussa, Surajit Basu
Failure of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) may be due to hardware problems, migration of electrodes and, in the long-term, plasticity in the spinal cord with habituation to the stimulation current. We describe a series of seven patients who experienced acute therapeutic loss of SCS effects following an acute nociceptive event unrelated to primary pathology. There were no hardware problems. We called this 'Pseudofailure', as the effective stimulation returned in all patients following a period off stimulation or reprogramming...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Esmé G Trevelyan, Warren A Turner, Nicola Robinson
BACKGROUND: Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a prevalent complication post-amputation. Currently, qualitative literature exploring the experience of PLP in amputees is sparse, and little is known about whether the educational needs of amputees are being met. OBJECTIVES: To explore lower limb amputees' descriptive lived experiences of PLP, to understand how PLP affects quality of life and to determine whether amputees feel they are provided with adequate information about PLP...
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Rui Duarte, Jon Raphael, Sam Eldabe
This article provides a summary of the updated British Pain Society Guidance on Intrathecal Drug Delivery for the management of pain and spasticity in adults. We aim to highlight the areas of the guidance that have been updated and to provide a concise summary.
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Pierre Pasquier, Sébastien Bazin, Ludovic Petit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Felicia Cox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: British Journal of Pain
Jared G Smith, Lucie Knight, Amy Stewart, Emma L Smith, Lance M McCracken
OBJECTIVE: Observational studies using routinely collected data indicate that pain management programmes (PMPs) based on cognitive-behavioural principles are associated with clinically meaningful improvements for individuals with chronic pain. This study evaluated change across functional measures in a sample of chronic pain patients attending a 4-week residential PMP between 2006 and 2010. The findings were directly compared with published outcomes from an earlier period (1989-1998) at the same service...
February 2016: British Journal of Pain
Clair M Jacobs, Beth J Guildford, Warren Travers, Megan Davies, Lance M McCracken
This study aimed to investigate the impact of a brief psychologically informed physiotherapy training (PIPT) course on physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs towards working with people with chronic pain. Specifically, the training aimed to help the participants better recognise the role of psychosocial factors in chronic pain and to better target the key processes of the psychological flexibility (PF) model in their treatment interactions. A total of 26 physiotherapists working in an outpatient musculoskeletal (MSK) department participated in the 7-hour training session...
February 2016: British Journal of Pain
Natalie Pattison, Matthew Rd Brown, Anthony Gubbay, Janet Peacock, Joy R Ross, Suzanne Chapman, Odile Sauzet, John Williams
BACKGROUND: Treatment for head and neck cancer can frequently be a painful experience with implications for patients in terms of quality of life, nutrition and ultimately treatment outcomes. Pain may arise for a number of reasons in this patient group including the influence of localised tissue damage from radiotherapy, the effects of chemotherapeutic agents as well as the disease process itself. Early identification of cancer pain, through screening and early analgesic and pain management are thought to be the most appropriate approaches to the problem...
February 2016: British Journal of Pain
Karen L Barker, Leila Heelas, Francine Toye
BACKGROUND: Recent developments in pain rehabilitation emphasise the importance of promoting psychological flexibility. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is one approach that has been shown to be effective for the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain. However, studies have shown that introducing innovative approaches such as ACT into established health care can cause some anxiety for professional groups. We used Action Research to evaluate the implementation of ACT to a physiotherapy-led pain rehabilitation programme...
February 2016: British Journal of Pain
Andrew Ung, Yenna Salamonson, Wendy Hu, Gisselle Gallego
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain results in significant personal, societal and economic burden. Doctors and nurses have a pivotal role in patient pain management. In order to determine the effectiveness of current pain education on knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of medical and nursing students, there needs to be a valid measure to assess and quantify these domains. We reviewed the literature to identify approaches for assessing knowledge, perceptions and attitudes to pain management among nursing and medical students...
February 2016: British Journal of Pain
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