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British Journal of Pain

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[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1177/2049463717728039.].
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Peter Outlaw, Shiva Tripathi, Jacqueline Baldwin
Purpose: The aim of this study was to improve the overall experience for patients using chronic pain services at a large teaching hospital in England. Experience-based co-design methodology was used to gain a greater understanding of patients' experiences and to produce a list of priorities for change when improving the patient experience. Method: A total of seven video-recorded patient interviews were conducted to capture a range of patient experiences of using the chronic pain service...
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Rebecca Simm, Chris Barker
1. This article aims to provide a long-term update 2 years on from our initial paper and summarises service evaluation data collected from 21 pain management programmes, using a solution-focused approach in a community pain service. 2. An examination of the larger baseline and subsequent follow-up data suggests an improvement in participants' function, pain self-efficacy and mental well-being following CPS PMP, and corroborates the findings of the earlier dataset. 3. Additional findings suggest that CPS PMP may help pain interfere less in participants' lives (post-PMP and at 10-week follow-up) and that improvements in mental well-being and self-efficacy are maintained on a long-term basis (at 6- and 12-month follow-up)...
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Joanna K Anderson, Louise M Wallace
In the United Kingdom, chronic pain affects approximately 28 million adults, creating significant healthcare and socio-economic costs. The aim was to establish whether a programme designed to use best evidence of content and delivery will be used by patients with significant musculoskeletal pain problems. Of 528 patients recruited, 376 participated in a 7-week-long group-based self-management programme (SMP) co-delivered by clinical and lay tutors. Of these, 308 patients (mean age, 53 years; 69% females, 94% White) completed at least five SMP sessions...
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Richard B Hovey, Valerie Curro Khayat, Eugene Feig
The humanities invite opportunities for people to describe through their metaphors, symbols and language a means in which to interpret their pain and reinterpret their new lived experiences. The patient and family all live with pain and can only use their pain narratives of that experience to confront or even to begin to understand the quantifiable discipline of medicine. The patient and family narratives act to retain meaning within a lived pained experience. These narratives add meaning to the person as a stay against only having a clinical-pathological understanding of what is happening to our body and as a person...
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Charlotte E Hazeldine-Baker, Paul M Salkovskis, Mike Osborn, Jeremy Gauntlett-Gilbert
Objectives: 'Mental defeat' (MD) has been identified among people with chronic pain as a type of self-processing related to social role and rank. Research has linked it to anxiety, pain interference and functional disability. The relationship between MD and other cognitive constructs, such as hopelessness and depression, remains poorly understood. This study considers the association between MD, pain symptomatology and self-efficacy in the context of other cognitive factors. Methods: In total, 59 participants completed a questionnaire pack assessing anxiety, depression, hopelessness, pain catastrophising and MD in order to examine the relationship with pain symptomatology and self-efficacy...
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Beth J Guildford, Aisling Daly-Eichenhardt, Bethany Hill, Karen Sanderson, Lance M McCracken
Long-term use of opioid medication is associated with a host of negative effects on health and quality of life. Guidelines state that people with chronic pain taking high doses of opioids without benefit should be supported to discontinue them. Little research has investigated psychological processes associated with analgesic use and tapering. This study investigated (1) analgesic use pre- and post-participation in an interdisciplinary pain management programme and its relationship to functioning and (2) psychological processes associated with analgesic use...
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Zoey Malpus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: British Journal of Pain
Hilary Sarah Thornton, Joseph Reynolds, Timothy J Coats
Background: Pain is a common complaint in patients attending the emergency department (ED), and historically, it is under-assessed and undertreated. Previous research is heterogeneous and does not well describe pain in EDs over time. Our aim was to describe pain in a UK ED using a sample that included every adult attendance over the course of 1 week. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed every adult attendance (N = 1872) over 1 week to the ED of a large English NHS District General Hospital...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Pungavi Kailainathan, Stephen Humble, Helen Dawson, Fiona Cameron, Shyam Gokani, Gursimren Lidder
Inconsistencies in the availability and quality of pain service provision have been noted nationally, as have lengthy waiting times for appointments and lack of awareness of the Pain Clinic role. The 2013 NHS England report stated that specialist pain services must offer multispecialty and multidisciplinary pain clinics. This national survey of multidisciplinary pain service provision in the United Kingdom and Ireland provides a snapshot of pain service provision in order to review and highlight what variations exist in multidisciplinary team (MDT) provision and working patterns...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Anna Wiedemann, Adrian D Wood, Robert N Luben, Daniel Vogel, Gareth T Jones, Kay-Tee Khaw, Phyo K Myint
Both cognitive and behavioural factors are linked to the experience of pain as well as its interference with quality of life. Psychological distress has been shown to be associated to several emotional and social impairments. Although, the association between pain and mental health has been widely discussed, the understanding of life interference and outcome is not fully understood. This study examined the association of pain dimension and mental health domain in 16,051 participants of the EPIC-Norfolk cohort (mean age = 58...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Deepak Thapa, Deepanshu Dhiman, Vanita Ahuja, Satinder Gombar, Ravi K Gupta
Background: Recent literature has established the role of stellate ganglion block (SGB) for management of acute postoperative pain. The effects of dexmedetomidine as an adjuvant to lignocaine in a preoperative SGB for postoperative pain relief have not been evaluated so far. Methods: The following randomised, double-blinded, control trail included 54 patients scheduled for upper limb orthopaedic surgery under general anaesthesia. Preoperative ultrasound-guided (USG) SGB was performed in all patients...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Jennifer M Woods, Anecita Gigi Lim
Aims and objectives: The aim of this article was to determine whether the incidence of intrathecal morphine-induced pruritus (ITMI) was influenced by ethnicity, age or gender in relation to orthopaedic versus caesarean surgeries. Background: The use of intrathecal morphine for patients undergoing total hip and knee joint replacements and for lower segment caesarean sections (LSCS) has gained popularity worldwide since its introduction over 30 years ago. Several international studies show that morphine delivered via the intrathecal route is an effective and safe method of pain relief...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Jo Daniels, Mike Osborn, Cara Davis
Introduction: Pain accounts for the majority of attendances to the Emergency Department (ED), with insufficient alleviation of symptoms resulting in repeated attendance. People who frequently attend the ED are typically considered to be psychologically and socially vulnerable in addition to experiencing health difficulties. This service development study was commissioned to identify the defining characteristics and unmet needs of frequent attenders (FAs) in a UK acute district general hospital ED, with a view to developing strategies to meet the needs of this group...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Robert Hart, Gordon Burns, Susan Smith
Intrathecal opioids (ITOs) are commonly administered as part of a multimodal anaesthetic strategy for a variety of surgical procedures. The evolution of laparoscopic surgical techniques has seen the popularity of ITOs increase as they are effective, well tolerated and lack the cardiovascular side effects associated with epidural infusions. The risk of delayed respiratory depression remains a concern; therefore, high-quality post-operative monitoring is vital. The evidence regarding the practicalities of ITO administration such as opioid dose, type, side effect prevalence and ideal post-operative care arrangements are sparse...
February 2018: British Journal of Pain
Jonathan Ra Phillips, Beverley Hopwood, Rowenna Stroud, Paul A Dieppe, Andrew D Toms
Background: The aims of this study were to characterise the pain experienced by patients with chronic pain after knee replacement (KR), in whom no apparent 'orthopaedic' problem could be identified, and to establish how many have pain sensitisation problems (including neuropathic pain). Methods: A total of 44 patients were prospectively evaluated at a multidisciplinary tertiary referral clinic by an orthopaedic surgeon, pain specialist, rheumatologist and physiotherapist...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
Devjit Srivastava
Study design: Narrative review. Method: Eight bibliographic databases were searched for studies published in the (last five years up until Feb 2017). For the two database searches (Cochrane and DARE), the time frame was unlimited. The review involved keyword searches of the term 'Amputation' AND 'chronic pain'. Studies selected were interrogated for any association between peri-operative factors and the occurrence of chronic post amputation pain (CPAP). Results: Heterogeneity of study populations and outcome measures prevented a systematic review and hence a narrative synthesis of results was undertaken...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
Sibtain Anwar, Ben O'Brien
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is the most common complication following surgery, with increasing evidence of both its prevalence and severity. While awareness of the various risk factors for this long-term condition is also increasing, effective prevention remains elusive. In this review, we describe the increasing evidence for preventive or 'protective' strategies. Controversies and conflicting human data are presented along with suggestions for improved future study.
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
Sabu Kumar James
Persistent or chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) has been defined as 'pain persisting beyond 2 months'. The cut-off limit of 2 months has been controversial, and some researchers argue for a 3-month period for the definition of CPSP. Multiple mechanisms, including both patient and surgical, have been shown to influence this transition. Patient factors include age, gender, anxiety, depression, somatisation, catastrophising, pre-existing pain anywhere and pain at the site of surgery. The various surgical factors include site and nature of surgery, infection, inflammation and repeat surgery...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
Aliza Z Weinrib, Muhammad A Azam, Kathryn A Birnie, Lindsay C Burns, Hance Clarke, Joel Katz
In an era of considerable advances in anaesthesiology and pain medicine, chronic pain after major surgery continues to be problematic. This article briefly reviews the known psychological risk and protective factors associated with the development of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP). We begin with a definition of CPSP and then explain what we mean by a risk/protective factor. Next, we summarize known psychological risk and protective factors for CPSP. Psychological interventions that target risk factors and may impact postsurgical pain are reviewed, including the acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based approach to CPSP prevention and management we use in the Transitional Pain Service (TPS) at the Toronto General Hospital...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
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