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JMM Case Reports

Philip W Lam, Manal Tadros, Ignatius W Fong
Introduction: Raoultella is a genus of aerobic Gram-negative bacilli belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae that are commonly found in water, soil and aquatic environments. With improved bacterial identification techniques, Raoultella species (namely R. planticola and R. ornithinolytica ) have been an increasingly reported cause of infections in humans. Case presentation: An 85-year-old man presented to hospital with a several-week history of left jaw pain and trismus...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
Nazneen Arif Suri, Sujeesh Sebastian, Deepika Yadav, Neena Khanna, Benu Dhawan
Introduction: Management strategies for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in their extragenital forms address Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis alone; whereas increased rates of isolation of other STI agents have been reported from various parts of the world. Their extragenital presence as a reservoir of infection emphasizes the need to screen and treat them at these sites. Case presentation: A 35-year-old human immunodeficiency virus 1 infected bisexual male presented with urethral discharge and multiple ano-genital warts...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
Sher Bahadur Pun, Sumit Agrawal, Santoshananda Jha, Lila Nath Bhandari, Bimal Sharma Chalise, Abadhesh Mishra, Rajesh Shah
Introduction: Lyme disease is a tick-borne illness caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and is widely reported in the USA, Central Europe, South East Asia and Latin America. Until recently, no scientific report regarding Lyme disease in Nepal had been published. Case presentation: A 32-year-old, previously healthy female visited the hospital with a history of joint pains, fatigue, neck stiffness, tingling sensation and headache. She was initially treated for typhoid fever, brucellosis and malaria, but did not show significant improvement...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
Janna S E Ottenhoff, Geert P Voorn, Bart J M Vlaminckx, Philip G Juten, Gertjan H J Wagenvoort
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: JMM Case Reports
Adriana N De Paulis, Eugenia Bertona, Miguel A Gutiérrez, María S Ramírez, Carlos A Vay, Silvia C Predari
Introduction: Ignavigranum ruoffiae is an extremely rare cause of human infections. Case presentation: An 83-year-old male with a painless, ten-day-old, erythematous skin abscess on his left flank, which had showed a purulent discharge for 48 h, was admitted to the Emergency service. He was treated with cephalexin, disinfection with Codex water and spray of rifampicin. Five days later, surgical drainage of the abscess was proposed due to the torpid evolution of the patient...
February 2018: JMM Case Reports
Walaiporn Tonpitak, Watcharapol Pathomsakulwong, Chulabha Sornklien, Theerapong Krajaejun, Suppathat Wutthiwithayaphong
Introduction: Pythiosis is caused by Pythium insidiosum , a fungus-like organism in the class Oomycetes . It can infect humans and a variety of animal species in tropical, subtropical and some temperate regions. Cases of animal pythiosis have occurred predominantly in horses in the skin and subcutaneous tissue at the limbs and in the ventral portion of thoracoabdominal wall - lesions in the nasal region are rarely reported. Moreover, although many human pythiosis cases have been reported in Thailand, no cases of animal pythiosis in Thailand have been reported...
January 2018: JMM Case Reports
Tomokazu Kuchibiro, Katsuhisa Hirayama, Katsuyuki Houdai, Tatsuya Nakamura, Kenichirou Ohnuma, Junko Tomida, Yoshiaki Kawamura
Introduction: Species of the genus Rhizobium are opportunistic, usually saprophytic, glucose-non-fermenting, Gram-negative bacilli found in agricultural soil. Rhizobium pusense infections are the least common Rhizobium infections and have low incidence. Case presentation: Herein, we report the first case of sepsis with R. pusense in Japan in a 67-year-old Japanese woman with a history of hyperlipidaemia, hypertension, diabetes, hypothyroidism and osteoporosis. She had undergone cerebrovascular treatment because she was diagnosed with a subarachnoid haemorrhage...
January 2018: JMM Case Reports
Kiranmai Bhatt, Krishna Banavathi
Introduction: Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental bacteria capable of causing an opportunistic myriad of infections. Mycobacterium kansasii , one such NTM, is responsible for causing pulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Rare extrapulmonary manifestations such as lymphadenitis, osteoarticular manifestations, and skin and soft tissue infections are also observed. Case presentation: Here, we report an unusual case of sternoclavicular joint and elbow joint infection with M...
January 2018: JMM Case Reports
Alberto J Martín-Rodríguez, Oriol Martín-Pujol, Fernando Artiles-Campelo, Margarita Bolaños-Rivero, Ute Römling
Introduction: Shewanella spp. can cause severe skin and soft-tissue infections, gastrointestinal infections, otitis and bacteraemia, generally upon contact with seawater or consumption of raw seafood. Recently, a new condition termed 'patera foot' characterized by acute skin and soft-tissue infection has been described in irregular immigrants arriving to the Canary Islands, Spain, in rudimentary boats. Most infections are caused by a single species, Shewanella algae . The improvement of the diagnostic capabilities in clinical microbiology laboratories has resulted in a growing number of cases being reported worldwide, most of them coming from warm regions...
December 2017: JMM Case Reports
Jesus A Chavez, Andrew J Alexander, Joan M Balada-Llasat, Preeti Pancholi
Introduction: Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica has been associated with open wound infections, cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and bacteremia. Case presentation: We report the case of a 41 year old woman with history of congenital myelomeningocele, paraplegia and extensive decubitus ulcers that developed W. chitiniclastica bacteremia secondary to an infected ulcer. Conclusion: W. chitiniclastica is an emerging human pathogen that can be readily identified by MALDI-TOF or sequencing...
December 2017: JMM Case Reports
Bart Rutteman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: JMM Case Reports
Shveta Sethi, Vikas Gautam, Kirti Gupta, Vanita Suri, Archana Angrup
Introduction. Enteric fever, caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (typhoid fever) or S. enterica serotype Paratyphi A, B or C (paratyphoid fever), is a major health problem in developing countries. Vertical transmission of Salmonella can cause miscarriage, still birth, preterm labour and neonatal sepsis. In the literature, many cases of vertical transmission of S. enterica Typhi from mother to foetus have been reported, but there are very limited studies showing vertical transmission of S. enterica Paratyphi...
November 2017: JMM Case Reports
Salika M Shakir, Margaret V Powers-Fletcher, E Susan Slechta, Mark A Fisher
Introduction. Invasive infections by Helicobacter canis are uncommon and occur primarily in immunocompromised patients. Here, we describe a case of H. canis bacteraemia and cellulitis in a patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Case presentation. A 49-year-old male with ESRD on haemodialysis presented to an emergency department with cellulitis overlying his left upper extremity arteriovenous fistula for 3 days without constitutional symptoms. Mild leucocytosis and thrombocytopenia was noted on initial laboratory work up...
November 2017: JMM Case Reports
Andrea Maria Cabral, Suzimar da Siveira Rioja, Fabio Brito-Santos, Juliana Ribeiro Peres da Silva, Maria Luíza MacDowell, Marcia S C Melhem, Ana Luíza Mattos-Guaraldi, Raphael Hirata Junior, Paulo Vieira Damasco
Introduction. Endocarditis caused by yeasts is currently an emerging cause of infective endocarditis and, when accompanied byfever of unknown origin, is more severe since interferes with proper diagnosis and endocarditis treatment. Case presentation. The Rio de Janeiro Infective Endocarditis Study Group reports a case of infectious endocarditis (IE) with negative blood cultures in a 45-year-old white female resident in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, previously submitted to kidney transplantation. After diagnosis and intervention, the valve culture revealed Rhodotorula mucilaginosa ...
November 2017: JMM Case Reports
Joanna Lodzinska, Paola Cazzini, Claire S Taylor, Jenifer Harris, Scott Kilpatrick, Tiziana Liuti, Gavin K Paterson
Introduction. Infection with the Rasamsonia argillacea species complex represents an emerging problem in human and veterinary medicine with systemic mycoses presenting with significant clinical complications and being a cause of death. Case presentation. In this report, a case of systemic Rasamsonia piperina infection discovered in a 3-year-old male neutered, German shepherd cross dog is described together with the clinical presentation, the course of the disease and diagnosis. This report describes the first case of veterinary mycosis due to R...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
Julia Dick, Patrizia Krauß, Jost Hillenkamp, Britta Kohlmorgen, Christoph Schoen
Introduction. Tropheryma whipplei is the causative agent of Whipple's disease. Gastrointestinal and lymphatic tissues are affected in the majority of cases, resulting in diarrhoea, malabsorption and fever. Here, we report a rare case of ocular manifestation in a patient lacking the typical Whipple symptoms. Case presentation. A 74-year-old Caucasian female presented with blurred vision in the right eye over a period of 1-2 months, accompanied by stinging pain and conjunctival hyperaemia for the last 2 days...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
Hiroaki Baba, Risako Kakuta, Hasumi Tomita, Minako Miyazoe, Masatoshi Saito, Chihiro Oe, Noriomi Ishibashi, Misa Sogi, Kengo Oshima, Tetsuji Aoyagi, Yoshiaki Gu, Makiko Yoshida, Koichi Tokuda, Shiro Endo, Hisakazu Yano, Mitsuo Kaku
Introduction. This is the first case report of septic abortion due to β-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant (BLNAR) non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae infection. In Japan, BLNAR H. influenzae is widespread and has become a clinical concern, especially in paediatrics and otolaryngology, but H. influenzae has not been previously recognized as a causative agent of obstetric or gynaecological infection. Case presentation. A 31-year-old pregnant woman presented at 17 weeks and 6 days of gestation with a high fever; she was admitted with a diagnosis of threatened premature delivery...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
Vidhi Jain, Nayani Amrin Fatema Afzal Hussain, Tasneem Siddiqui, Chinmoy Sahu, Malay Ghar, Kashi Nath Prasad
Introduction. Species of the genus Chryseobacterium are emerging healthcare-associated pathogens, often colonizing the hospital environment. There are no clear guidelines available for antimicrobial susceptibility of this organism. In this report we present the first case, to our knowledge, of simultaneous central-line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) due to Chryseobacterium gleum from India. Case presentation. A 62 years old man with a history of a road traffic accident 1 month previously was referred to our center for further management...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
Alberto Hidalgo-Chicharro, Raquel Abad-Torreblanca, José María Navarro-Marí, José Gutiérrez-Fernández
Introduction. Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) usually has a multifactorial etiology that is often unknown, although the most frequently reported cause is infection by group B Streptococcus . Therefore, the etiology of PPROM, although probably infectious, remains unknown in most cases. This case describes a PPROM caused by infection from oropharyngeal microbiota. Case presentation. We report the case of a 26-yr-old pregnant woman. The gestational age was 32 weeks+5 days. Examinations in the emergency department revealed the release of clear amniotic fluid and a closed multiparous cervix with a length of 22 mm...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
Christopher R Larson, Michelle Dennis, Rajeev V Nair, Alejandro Llanes, Andrea Peda, Shamara Welcome, Sreekumari Rajeev
Introduction. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease of global distribution affecting humans and animals. The initial phase of leptospirosis resembles many other febrile illness and due to its broad and biphasic clinical manifestations, selection and implementation of appropriate diagnostic tests can be challenging. Case presentation. This report describes a case investigation of a 14 weeks old male, orphan puppy, presented with generalised jaundice, anemia, weakness, and anorexia. Clinical abnormalities included the evidence of renal and hepatic failure...
October 2017: JMM Case Reports
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