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JMM Case Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896408/septic-cutaneous-emboli-revealing-a-severe-case-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-liver-abscess-syndrome
#1
Florentina Paraschiv, Gabriel Adrian Popescu, Alina Maria Borcan
Introduction: Klebsiella pneumoniae liver abscess syndrome (KLAS) is characterized by bacteraemia, liver abscesses and metastatic infection caused by a hypervirulent strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae , usually belonging to the capsular serotype K1 or K2. Initially, KLAS was described in Eastern Asia; recently isolated cases have been reported from different parts of the world. Case presentation: We describe the case of a woman with KLAS including meningeal, ocular and cutaneous metastatic infection and organ dysfunctions (coagulation abnormalities, thrombocytopenia and increased creatinine level)...
May 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896407/-campylobacter-fetus-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-presenting-as-a-stroke
#2
Christina Petridou, Lenka Strakova, Ruan Simpson
Introduction: Campylobacter is a common pathogen of the gastrointestinal tract, but invasive disease is rare. Campylobacter fetus can play a role in osteomyelitis, meningitis and joint infection and has a prediliction for the vascular endothelium, causing mycotic aneurysms, thrombophlebitis and endocarditis. Here we present a case of prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by C. fetus and a review of the literature. Case presentation: An 85-year-old woman with a tissue aortic valve replacement and atrial fibrillation was admitted to hospital with tonic-clonic seizures, right-sided hemiparesis, facial droop and hemianopia...
May 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896406/first-case-report-of-human-infection-with-mycobacterium-stomatepiae
#3
Jared Weston, Sushil Pandey, Evan Matthews, Evan Bursle
Introduction: We describe the first detailed case report of human infection with Mycobacterium stomatepiae . Infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) related to M. stomatepiae is well described, despite the lack of previous confirmed reports of M. stomatepiae- related human disease. Localised cervical lymphadenitis is the most common NTM disease in children, with species closely related to M. stomatepiae, such as Mycobacterium triplex and Mycobacterium florentinum , having been shown to be rare causative agents...
May 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896405/optic-neuropathy-and-congenital-glaucoma-associated-with-probable-zika-virus-infection-in-venezuelan-patients
#4
C Gustavo De Moraes, Michele Pettito, Juan B Yepez, Anavaj Sakuntabhai, Etienne Simon-Loriere, Mussaret B Zaidi, Matthieu Prot, Claude Ruffie, Susan S Kim, Rando Allikmets, Joseph D Terwilliger, Joseph H Lee, Gladys E Maestre
Introduction: Although the current Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic is a major public health concern, most reports have focused on congenital ZIKV syndrome, its most devastating manifestation. Severe ocular complications associated with ZIKV infections and possible pathogenetic factors are rarely described. Here, we describe three Venezuelan patients who developed severe ocular manifestations following ZIKV infections. We also analyse their serological response to ZIKV and dengue virus (DENV)...
May 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868175/fungemia-caused-by-aureobasidium-pullulans-in-a-patient-with-advanced-aids-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-medical-literature
#5
Jaimie Mittal, Wendy A Szymczak, Liise-Anne Pirofski, Benjamin T Galen
Introduction: Aureobasidium pullulans is a dematiaceous, yeast-like fungus that is ubiquitous in nature and can colonize human hair and skin. It has been implicated clinically as causing skin and soft tissue infections, meningitis, splenic abscesses and peritonitis. We present, to our knowledge, the second case of isolation of this organism in a patient with AIDS along with a review of the literature on human infection with A. pullulans . Case presentation: A 49-year-old man with advanced AIDS and a history of recurrent oesophageal candidiasis was admitted with nausea with vomiting, and odynophagia...
April 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868174/an-unusual-case-of-congestive-heart-failure-in-the-netherlands
#6
Marjolein C Persoon, Olivier C Manintveld, Femke P N Mollema, Jaap J van Hellemond
Introduction: Chagas disease is caused by infection with the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. It is endemic to the American continent due to the distribution of its insect vectors. The disease is occasionally imported to other continents by travel of infected individuals. It is rarely diagnosed in the Netherlands and exact numbers of infected individuals are unknown. Clinical manifestations can start with an acute phase of 4-8 weeks with non-specific, mild symptoms and febrile illness. In the chronic phase, it can lead to fatal cardiac and gastro-intestinal complications...
April 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868173/adventure-tourism-and-schistosomiasis-serology-and-clinical-findings-in-a-group-of-danish-students-after-white-water-rafting-in-uganda
#7
Dennis Röser, Stephanie Bjerrum, Marie Helleberg, Henrik Vedel Nielsen, Kim Peter David, Søren Thybo, Christen Rune Stensvold
Introduction: Diagnosis of schistosomiasis in travellers is a clinical challenge, since cases may present with no symptoms or a few non-specific symptoms. Here, we report on the laboratory and clinical findings in Danish travellers exposed to Schistosoma -infested water during white-water rafting on the Ugandan part of the upper Nile River in July 2009. Case presentation: Forty travellers were offered screening for Schistosoma -specific antibodies. Serological tests were performed 6-65 weeks after exposure...
April 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623214/mandibular-osteomyelitis-due-to-raoultella-species
#8
Philip W Lam, Manal Tadros, Ignatius W Fong
Introduction: Raoultella is a genus of aerobic Gram-negative bacilli belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae that are commonly found in water, soil and aquatic environments. With improved bacterial identification techniques, Raoultella species (namely R. planticola and R. ornithinolytica ) have been an increasingly reported cause of infections in humans. Case presentation: An 85-year-old man presented to hospital with a several-week history of left jaw pain and trismus...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623213/a-case-of-oropharyngeal-ureaplasma-urealyticum-infection-in-a-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-bisexual-male-co-infected-with-human-papilloma-virus-and-treponema-pallidum
#9
Nazneen Arif Suri, Sujeesh Sebastian, Deepika Yadav, Neena Khanna, Benu Dhawan
Introduction: Management strategies for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in their extragenital forms address Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis alone; whereas increased rates of isolation of other STI agents have been reported from various parts of the world. Their extragenital presence as a reservoir of infection emphasizes the need to screen and treat them at these sites. Case presentation: A 35-year-old human immunodeficiency virus 1 infected bisexual male presented with urethral discharge and multiple ano-genital warts...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623212/first-report-of-lyme-disease-in-nepal
#10
Sher Bahadur Pun, Sumit Agrawal, Santoshananda Jha, Lila Nath Bhandari, Bimal Sharma Chalise, Abadhesh Mishra, Rajesh Shah
Introduction: Lyme disease is a tick-borne illness caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi and is widely reported in the USA, Central Europe, South East Asia and Latin America. Until recently, no scientific report regarding Lyme disease in Nepal had been published. Case presentation: A 32-year-old, previously healthy female visited the hospital with a history of joint pains, fatigue, neck stiffness, tingling sensation and headache. She was initially treated for typhoid fever, brucellosis and malaria, but did not show significant improvement...
March 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568535/an-operating-room-employee-with-a-necrotic-fingertip
#11
Janna S E Ottenhoff, Geert P Voorn, Bart J M Vlaminckx, Philip G Juten, Gertjan H J Wagenvoort
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568534/-ignavigranum-ruoffiae-a-rare-pathogen-that-caused-a-skin-abscess
#12
Adriana N De Paulis, Eugenia Bertona, Miguel A Gutiérrez, María S Ramírez, Carlos A Vay, Silvia C Predari
Introduction: Ignavigranum ruoffiae is an extremely rare cause of human infections. Case presentation: An 83-year-old male with a painless, ten-day-old, erythematous skin abscess on his left flank, which had showed a purulent discharge for 48 h, was admitted to the Emergency service. He was treated with cephalexin, disinfection with Codex water and spray of rifampicin. Five days later, surgical drainage of the abscess was proposed due to the torpid evolution of the patient...
February 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568533/first-confirmed-case-of-nasal-pythiosis-in-a-horse-in-thailand
#13
Walaiporn Tonpitak, Watcharapol Pathomsakulwong, Chulabha Sornklien, Theerapong Krajaejun, Suppathat Wutthiwithayaphong
Introduction: Pythiosis is caused by Pythium insidiosum , a fungus-like organism in the class Oomycetes . It can infect humans and a variety of animal species in tropical, subtropical and some temperate regions. Cases of animal pythiosis have occurred predominantly in horses in the skin and subcutaneous tissue at the limbs and in the ventral portion of thoracoabdominal wall - lesions in the nasal region are rarely reported. Moreover, although many human pythiosis cases have been reported in Thailand, no cases of animal pythiosis in Thailand have been reported...
January 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568532/first-case-report-of-sepsis-caused-by-rhizobium-pusense-in-japan
#14
Tomokazu Kuchibiro, Katsuhisa Hirayama, Katsuyuki Houdai, Tatsuya Nakamura, Kenichirou Ohnuma, Junko Tomida, Yoshiaki Kawamura
Introduction: Species of the genus Rhizobium are opportunistic, usually saprophytic, glucose-non-fermenting, Gram-negative bacilli found in agricultural soil. Rhizobium pusense infections are the least common Rhizobium infections and have low incidence. Case presentation: Herein, we report the first case of sepsis with R. pusense in Japan in a 67-year-old Japanese woman with a history of hyperlipidaemia, hypertension, diabetes, hypothyroidism and osteoporosis. She had undergone cerebrovascular treatment because she was diagnosed with a subarachnoid haemorrhage...
January 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568531/-mycobacterium-kansasii-osteomyelitis-a-masquerading-disease
#15
Kiranmai Bhatt, Krishna Banavathi
Introduction: Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are environmental bacteria capable of causing an opportunistic myriad of infections. Mycobacterium kansasii , one such NTM, is responsible for causing pulmonary disease in immunocompromised patients. Rare extrapulmonary manifestations such as lymphadenitis, osteoarticular manifestations, and skin and soft tissue infections are also observed. Case presentation: Here, we report an unusual case of sternoclavicular joint and elbow joint infection with M...
January 2018: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623211/-shewanella-spp-infections-in-gran-canaria-spain-retrospective-analysis-of-31-cases-and-a-literature-review
#16
Alberto J Martín-Rodríguez, Oriol Martín-Pujol, Fernando Artiles-Campelo, Margarita Bolaños-Rivero, Ute Römling
Introduction: Shewanella spp. can cause severe skin and soft-tissue infections, gastrointestinal infections, otitis and bacteraemia, generally upon contact with seawater or consumption of raw seafood. Recently, a new condition termed 'patera foot' characterized by acute skin and soft-tissue infection has been described in irregular immigrants arriving to the Canary Islands, Spain, in rudimentary boats. Most infections are caused by a single species, Shewanella algae . The improvement of the diagnostic capabilities in clinical microbiology laboratories has resulted in a growing number of cases being reported worldwide, most of them coming from warm regions...
December 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568530/a-case-of-wohlfahrtiimonas-chitiniclastica-bacteremia-in-continental-united-states
#17
Jesus A Chavez, Andrew J Alexander, Joan M Balada-Llasat, Preeti Pancholi
Introduction: Wohlfahrtiimonas chitiniclastica has been associated with open wound infections, cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and bacteremia. Case presentation: We report the case of a 41 year old woman with history of congenital myelomeningocele, paraplegia and extensive decubitus ulcers that developed W. chitiniclastica bacteremia secondary to an infected ulcer. Conclusion: W. chitiniclastica is an emerging human pathogen that can be readily identified by MALDI-TOF or sequencing...
December 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255612/-aeromonas-wound-infection-in-a-healthy-boy
#18
Bart Rutteman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255611/vertical-transmission-of-salmonella-enterica-serotype-paratyphi-a-leading-to-abortion
#19
Shveta Sethi, Vikas Gautam, Kirti Gupta, Vanita Suri, Archana Angrup
Introduction. Enteric fever, caused by Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (typhoid fever) or S. enterica serotype Paratyphi A, B or C (paratyphoid fever), is a major health problem in developing countries. Vertical transmission of Salmonella can cause miscarriage, still birth, preterm labour and neonatal sepsis. In the literature, many cases of vertical transmission of S. enterica Typhi from mother to foetus have been reported, but there are very limited studies showing vertical transmission of S. enterica Paratyphi...
November 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255610/-helicobacter-canis-bacteraemia-and-cellulitis-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#20
Salika M Shakir, Margaret V Powers-Fletcher, E Susan Slechta, Mark A Fisher
Introduction. Invasive infections by Helicobacter canis are uncommon and occur primarily in immunocompromised patients. Here, we describe a case of H. canis bacteraemia and cellulitis in a patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Case presentation. A 49-year-old male with ESRD on haemodialysis presented to an emergency department with cellulitis overlying his left upper extremity arteriovenous fistula for 3 days without constitutional symptoms. Mild leucocytosis and thrombocytopenia was noted on initial laboratory work up...
November 2017: JMM Case Reports
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