journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gastroenterology Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915639/a-case-of-concomitant-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-treated-with-cpap-therapy
#1
Bharat Bajantri, Dmitry Lvovsky
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a disorder of sleep breathing that is a result of recurrent and intermittent hypoxia during sleep induced by the repeated partial or complete collapse of the upper airway, eventually causing chronic intermittent hypoxia. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is divided into non-alcoholic fatty liver and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Animal and human studies showed that obesity is associated with chronic liver hypoxia, even in the presence of systemic normoxia causing inflammation and release of cytokines...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915638/cytoreductive-surgery-and-normothermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-signet-ring-cell-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-with-peritoneal-metastases-in-the-setting-of-cirrhosis
#2
Bharat Panuganti, Ea-Sle Chang, Cyril W Helm, Theresa Schwartz, Eddy C Hsueh, Jinhua Piao, Jinping Lai, Jula Veerapong
Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are combined to treat peritoneal surface malignancies (PSM). The objective of cytoreduction is to eradicate macroscopic disease, while HIPEC addresses residual microscopic disease. Currently, there are no protocols guiding treatment of cirrhotic patients with PSM. We report the case of a cirrhotic patient with signet ring cell (SRC) appendiceal adenocarcinoma who underwent normothermic, as opposed to hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC)...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915637/denture-associated-oral-microbiome-and-periodontal-disease-causing-an-anaerobic-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Muhammad Bader Hammami, Elizabeth M Noonan, Anuj Chhaparia, Feras Al Khatib, Juri Bassuner, Christine Hachem
Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) develop from the spread of infection through the portal circulation, biliary infections or arterial hematogenous seeding in the setting of systemic infections. PLA are often poly-microbial and are uncommonly reported to be due to anaerobic species. We report the case of a previously healthy, immunocompetent 63-year-old man with hepatic abscesses as a result of Fusobacterium nucleatum periodontal disease. In addition, a systemic review of the literature is performed. Fusobacterium is a very rare cause of PLA in immunocompetent hosts with only a handful of cases reported in the literature...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915636/-enterococcus-faecalis-infective-endocarditis-and-colorectal-carcinoma-case-of-new-association-gaining-ground
#4
Zubair Khan, Nauman Siddiqui, Muhammad Wasif Saif
Mostly Streptococcus bovis ( S. bovis ) bacteremia and endocarditis (60%) has been found to be associated with underlying colorectal cancer (CRC). Enterococcus faecalis ( E. faecalis ) bacteremia and endocarditis has no identifiable source in most of the cases. E. faecalis is part of normal gut flora that can translocate through the intestine and cause the systemic infection. With any intestinal lesion or tumor, the barrier is breached and the gut flora like E. faecalis can translocate and cause infection. A 55-years-old male known to have non-ischemic cardiomyopathy with implantation of automated implantable cardioverter defibrillator (AICD) and atrial fibrillation presented with weight loss, fever and back pain...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915635/-diphyllobothrium-latum-mimicking-subacute-appendicitis
#5
Konika Sharma, Karn Wijarnpreecha, Nancy Merrell
Diphyllobothrium latum ( D. latum ) infection in humans is uncommon in the United States. Although there has been a drastic decline in the report of D. latum infection in this region, physicians should be aware of an uncommon presentation and its clinical relevance. We report a case of 55-year-old female of Ecuadorian/Peruvian origin who presented with an unknown cause of chronic right lower quadrant abdominal pain for 2 months without other particular symptoms. Initial workup revealed evidence of iron deficiency anemia, and stool occult blood test was positive...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915634/renal-cell-carcinoma-presenting-as-an-ampullary-mass-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#6
Syed Hasan, Zubair Khan, Mohammad Saud Khan, Umar Darr, Toseef Javaid, Raheel Ahmed, Ali Nawras
We present a case of a 60-year-old female patient who has significant medical history of renal cell carcinoma diagnosed 2 years back and had undergone right nephrectomy and chemotherapy. She presented to the hospital with complaints of abdominal pain and jaundice of 2 weeks duration and was found to have periampullary mass lesion causing compression of distal common bile duct on imaging with computed tomography of abdomen. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography and endoscopic ultrasound showed ampullary mass lesion causing biliary obstruction along with abdominal lymphadenopathy...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915633/satb2-shows-different-profiles-between-appendiceal-adenocarcinomas-ex-goblet-cell-carcinoids-and-appendiceal-colorectal-conventional-adenocarcinomas-an-immunohistochemical-study-with-comparison-to-cdx2
#7
Chen Yang, Li Sun, Lingxin Zhang, Lixin Zhou, Dongfeng Niu, Wenfeng Cao, Zhongwu Li, Xiaozheng Huang, Qiang Kang, Lin Jia, Marina Platik, Xiuli Liu, Jinping Lai, Dengfeng Cao
Background: Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2 (SATB2) is a novel marker for colorectal adenocarcinomas but little is known about its expression in appendiceal adenocarcinomas. We aim to investigate SATB2 in these tumors and colorectal adenocarcinomas with comparison to CDX2. Methods: Immunohistochemical stains for SATB2 and CDX2 were performed in 49 appendiceal adenocarcinomas (23 conventional, 26 adenocarcinoma ex goblet cell carcinoids (AdexGCCs)) and 57 colorectal adenocarcinomas...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915632/incidence-causes-and-risk-factors-for-30-day-unplanned-reoperation-after-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-experience-of-a-high-volume-center
#8
Hua Xiao, Yu Wang, Hu Quan, Yongzhong Ouyang
Background: To investigate the incidence, causes and risk factors for unplanned reoperation because of early complications within 30 days of radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Methods: The study cohort comprised 1,948 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer between November 2010 and April 2017. The incidence, causes and outcomes of unplanned reoperation were examined and the risk factors were identified using univariate and multivariate analyses...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915631/non-operative-management-of-type-2-ercp-related-retroperitoneal-duodenal-perforations-a-9-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#9
Vasileios Theopistos, Georgios Theocharis, Christos Konstantakis, Panagiotis Kitrou, Ioannis Kehagias, Christos Triantos, Konstantinos Thomopoulos
Background: No consensus exists on treatment of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) -related, retroperitoneal duodenal perforations. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of post-ERCP retroperitoneal periampullary (type 2) duodenal perforations and the clinical outcome of non-surgical management. Methods: Patients who underwent ERCP in our institution during the period from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2017 were included. Any cases of retroperitoneal periampullary duodenal (type 2) perforation were identified...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915630/once-versus-twice-daily-oral-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-for-prevention-of-peptic-ulcer-rebleeding-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#10
Fares Ayoub, Vikas Khullar, Debdeep Banerjee, Patrick Stoner, Tiffany Lambrou, Donevan R Westerveld, Wissam Hanayneh, Amir Y Kamel, David Estores
Background: After inpatient management of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) due to peptic ulcer disease (PUD), oral proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy is recommended at discharge to decrease rebleeding risk and improve ulcer healing. Our aim is to determine whether once-daily oral PPI dosing at hospital discharge is associated with inferior 30-day rebleeding outcomes as compared to twice-daily dosing. Methods: We retrospectively identified 233 patients admitted with signs and symptoms of upper GIB found to be due to PUD on upper endoscopy...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915629/possible-risk-factors-for-candida-esophagitis-in-immunocompetent-individuals
#11
Yousef Nassar, Tony Eljabbour, Hwajeong Lee, Asra Batool
Background: Candida esophagitis (CE) is a condition typically diagnosed in patients who are immunocompromised. Risk factors leading to the development of CE in immunocompetent patients have not been entirely elucidated. This study set out to identify risk factors associated with the development of CE in immunocompetent patients. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective chart review. Patients diagnosed with CE confirmed by endoscopic biopsy or brushings at our hospital between 2007 and 2017 were reviewed...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915628/low-expression-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-in-the-epithelium-of-barrett-s-esophagus
#12
Shou-Wu Lee, Han-Chung Lien, Chi-Chen Lin, Mei-Chin Wen, Chi-Sen Chang
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) in the different stages of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Methods: Paired endoscopic esophageal biopsy samples were obtained from patients with BE prospectively. Subjects were classified into three groups: BE, BE with dysplasia, and adenocarcinoma (AC) arising from BE. Biopsy specimens over normal esophageal epithelium and gastric cardiac epithelium of limited cases were done...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915627/anti-inflammatory-biologics-and-anti-tumoral-immune-therapies-associated-colitis-a-focused-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Weixun Zhou, Yan Huang, Jinping Lai, Jun Lu, Michael Feely, Xiuli Liu
An increasing number of drugs including monoclonal antibodies and small molecules, either anti-inflammatory or immunity-enhancing, have been developed to treat human diseases and the number of medications in these classes is likely to expand in the future. The two most commonly used categories of such therapies are the anti-inflammatory group (anti- tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, anti-interleukins/interleukin receptors, and anti-integrin bodies) and the anti-tumoral agents (immune checkpoint inhibitors, anti-CD20, and anti-endothelial growth factor)...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915626/novel-surgical-treatments-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-systematic-review-of-magnetic-sphincter-augmentation-and-electric-stimulation-therapy
#14
REVIEW
Michal Stanak, Judit Erdos, Katharina Hawlik, Tudor Birsan
Electric stimulation therapy (EST) and magnetic sphincter augmentation (MSA) represent novel methods for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness and safety of EST and magnetic sphincter augmentation device (MSAD) comapred to laparoscopic fundoplication (LF) and proton pump inhibitor therapy (in case of EST). We performed a systematic literature search without restrictions on publication dates in five electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane library, PubMed, and Centre for Reviews and Dissemination), complemented by hand search, search in trial registries, and documentation provided by the manufacturers...
June 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707085/enteral-nutrition-with-an-enteral-formula-containing-egg-yolk-lecithin-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-a-case-series
#15
Tetsuro Akashi, Risa Hashimoto, Akihisa Ohno, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Yukari Nakamura
The occurrence of diarrhea at the beginning of enteral nutrition complicates the continuation of enteral nutrition. Recently, studies in Japan indicated that diarrhea could be improved by changing the enteral formula to one that is emulsified with egg yolk lecithin. In this study, we administered the enteral formula K-2S plus, which is emulsified with egg yolk lecithin, to 15 patients (four men and 11 women; mean age, 79.9 ± 2.0 years) after they had undergone a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) to prevent the occurrence of diarrhea related to enteral nutrition...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707084/double-pylorus-report-of-a-case-with-endoscopic-follow-up-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Fotios Fousekis, Panagiota Aggeli, Panagiotis Kotsaftis, George Pappas-Gogos
Double pylorus is a rare endoscopic finding that has been reported in 0.001% to 0.4% of upper gastrointestinal endoscopies and can be either congenital or acquired. Acquired double pylorus is usually an uncommon complication of peptic ulcer that erodes and creates a fistula between the duodenal bulb and the prepyloric antrum. We describe a case of a 67-year-old man who experienced mild epigastric pain and dyspepsia over the last 6 months. The patient periodically took nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) due to joint pain...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707083/peutz-jeghers-syndrome-presenting-as-colonic-intussusception-a-rare-entity
#17
Jamil Shah, Tagore Sunkara, Philip Xiao, Vinaya Gaduputi, Madhavi Reddy, Sultana Razia
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited medical condition characterized by hyperpigmented mucocutaneous macules, hamartomatous polyps in the digestive tract, and with a greater risk of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal cancers. In fact, without appropriate medical surveillance, the lifetime risk for all cancers combined may be as high as 93%. The syndrome is rare, with estimates of incidence varying between 1 in 8,300 and 1 in 280,000 live births. Infrequently, individuals present for the first time with bowel obstruction secondary to intussusception...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707082/trans-hepatic-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-placement-a-case-report-of-a-rare-complication-and-literature-review
#18
Anuj Chhaparia, Muhammad Bader Hammami, Juri Bassuner, Christine Hachem
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes have emerged as the standard of care for long-term enteral feeding. This procedure is relatively safe; however, complications do occur, and one of the most dreaded complications is trauma to the surrounding organs. Hepatic injury during PEG placement is an extremely rare complication of the PEG procedure, with a handful of cases described in the medical literature. We describe the case of an accidental trans-hepatic placement of a PEG tube in a 78-year-old morbidly obese female, even with excellent trans-illumination and manual external pressure achieved during endoscopic placement...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707081/efficacy-and-safety-of-entecavir-0-5-mg-in-treating-naive-chronic-hepatitis-b-virus-patients-in-egypt-five-years-of-real-life-experience
#19
Sahar Maklad, Ehab Mahfouz Reyad, Emad Adel William, Alaa Abouzeid
Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of entecavir (ETV) among chronic hepatitis B (CHB) nucleos(t)ide-naive Egyptian patients. Methods: Forty-eight CHB patients on ETV were included. Males comprised 83.3% (40 cases), while females comprised 16.7% (eight cases). Minimum age was 19 years, while maximum age was 64 years. Hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg)-negative cases were 60.4%. HBeAg-positive cases were 39.6%. Factors including sex, positive HBeAg, baseline hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level, baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), were evaluated in terms of their predictive role in treatment response, which was defined as a serum HBV DNA decrease of < 10 IU/mL...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707080/direct-acting-antivirals-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-genotype-4-infection-in-community-care-setting
#20
Vijay Gayam, Mazin Khalid, Amrendra Kumar Mandal, Muhammad Rajib Hussain, Osama Mukhtar, Arshpal Gill, Pavani Garlapati, Binav Shrestha, Debra Guss, Jagannath Sherigar, Mohammed Mansour, Smruti Mohanty
Background: Limited data exists comparing the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in patients with chronic hepatitis C genotype 4 (HCV GT-4) in the community practice setting. We aim to evaluate the treatment response of DAAs in these patients. Methods: All the HCV GT-4 patients treated with DAAs between January 2014 and October 2017 in a community clinic setting were retrospectively analyzed. Pretreatment baseline patient characteristics, treatment efficacy with sustained virologic response (SVR) at 12 weeks post treatment (SVR12), and adverse reactions were assessed...
April 2018: Gastroenterology Research
journal
journal
51586
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"