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Food Technology and Biotechnology

Jie Deng, Qiaofen Wu, Hua Gao, Qian Ou, Bo Wu, Bing Yan, Chengjian Jiang
l-Cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase (CSD, EC, the rate-limiting enzyme in taurine synthesis pathway, catalyzes l-cysteine sulfinic acid to form hypotaurine. Identification of the novel CSD that could improve the biosynthetic efficiency of taurine is important. An unexplored decarboxylase gene named undec1A was identified in a previous work through sequence-based screening of uncultured soil microorganisms. Random mutagenesis through sequential error-prone polymerase chain reaction was used in Undec1A...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Anju Mohandas, Sindhu Raveendran, Binod Parameswaran, Amith Abraham, Raj S R Athira, Anil Kuruvilla Mathew, Ashok Pandey
Seven isolates from spoiled fruits and vegetables were screened for pectinase production using pectin agar plates and the most efficient bacterial strain, MPTD1, was identified as Bacillus sonorensis. Optimisation of various process parameters was done using Plackett-Burman and Box-Behnken designs and it was found that parameters like yeast extract, K2 HPO4 , incubation time, NaNO3 and KCl have a negative impact on pectinase production. Parameters like pH and MgSO4 and pectin mass fractions have a positive impact on pectinase production...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Yankun Yang, Guoqiang Liu, Meng Liu, Zhonghu Bai, Xiuxia Liu, Xiaofeng Dai, Wenwen Guo
It is widely accepted that features such as pI, length, molecular mass and amino acid (AA) sequence have a significant influence on protein solubility. Here, we mainly focused on AA composition and explored those that most affected the soluble expression level of human serum albumin (HSA) domain antibody (dAb). The soluble expression and sequence of 65 dAb variants were analysed using clustering and linear modelling. Certain AAs significantly affected the soluble expression level of dAb, with the specific AA combinations being (S, R, N, D, Q), (G, R, C, N, S) and (R, S, G); these combinations respectively affected the dAb expression level in the broth supernatant, the level in the pellet lysate and total soluble dAb...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Parvathy Sree Varma, Salini Chandrasekharan, Govindarajulu Venkateswaran, Santhosh Rajendran, Kiran Kumar Mallapureddy, Ashok Pandey, Binod Parameswaran
The production of γ-linolenic acid (GLA) by the fungus Cunninghamella elegans CFR C07 in submerged fermentation was studied. Culture parameters such as carbon source and incubation time were optimized. Four different extraction methods using solvents with acid washed sand, glass beads, lyophilization and Soxhlet extraction were evaluated for improved extraction of lipids from the fungal biomass after fermentation. The GLA production was initially optimized in 250-mL flask and the process was demonstrated in a 3-litre fermentor...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Dão Pedro de Carvalho Neto, Gilberto Vinícius de Melo, Pereira, Júlio César de Carvalho, Vanete Thomaz Soccol, Carlos Ricardo Soccol
Coffee bean fermentation is a spontaneous, on-farm process involving the action of different microbial groups, including bacteria and fungi. In this study, high-throughput sequencing approach was employed to study the diversity and dynamics of bacteria associated with Brazilian coffee bean fermentation. The total DNA from fermenting coffee samples was extracted at different time points, and the 16S rRNA gene with segments around the V4 variable region was sequenced by Illumina high-throughput platform. Using this approach, the presence of over eighty bacterial genera was determined, many of which have been detected for the first time during coffee bean fermentation, including Fructobacillus, Pseudonocardia, Pedobacter, Sphingomonas and Hymenobacter ...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Mukesh Kumar Awasthi, Quan Wang, Meijing Wang, Hongyu Chen, Xiuna Ren, Junchao Zhao, Zengqiang Zhang
The aim of the present study is to develop a good initial composting mix using a bacterial consortium and 2% lime for effective co-composting of food waste in a 60-litre in-vessel composter. In the experiment that lasted for 42 days, the food waste was first mixed with sawdust and 2% lime (by dry mass), then one of the reactors was inoculated with an enriched bacterial consortium, while the other served as control. The results show that inoculation of the enriched natural bacterial consortium effectively overcame the oil-laden co-composting mass in the composter and increased the rate of mineralization...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Haiwei Ren, Cong Wang, Wenguang Fan, Bingyun Zhang, Zhizhong Li, Dong Li
A mixture of air-dried corn stover and cabbage waste was ensiled to preserve lignocellulosic biomass for use as biofuel. Furthermore, the effects of different fresh mass fractions (0.3 and 0.6%) of formic or acetic acid on the mixed silage quality were evaluated to guarantee its quality. The application of formic or acetic acid prior to mixing the silage led to higher water-soluble carbohydrate fractions than the negative control, indicating that both acids contributed to preservation of water-soluble carbohydrates during storage for 170 days...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Wenyao Shao, Xueshan Pan, Xiaoting Liu, Feixue Teng, Shuai Yuan
This work aims at developing a process of microencapsulation of algal oil containing ≥40% docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) using spray drying technology. Purity Gum® 2000 and Capsul®, both obtained from waxy corn starch, were chosen as the encapsulation materials. The effects of emulsification conditions on the droplet size, stability, viscosity and surface tension, and the effects of spraying conditions on the particle size, moisture content and surface oil content were investigated successively. The morphology of emulsion droplets and the microcapsules was observed by optical microscope and scanning electron microscopy...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Yuanming Gai, Jingqi Chen, Shibin Zhang, Beiwei Zhu, Dawei Zhang
To improve the properties of α-amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus (AmyS), a deletion mutant AmyS∆R179-G180 was constructed by deleting arginine (Arg179) and glycine (Gly180) using site-directed mutagenesis. AmyS and AmyS∆R179-G180 were expressed in Bacillus subtilis and purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, after which the enzymatic properties were characterized and compared. By deleting amino acids Arg179 and Gly180, the thermostability of α-amylase AmyS∆R179-G180 was enhanced and the half-life at 100 °C significantly increased from 24 to 33 min...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Aiswarya Ravi, Baskar Gurunathan
Acrylamide is formed when food products are fried at high temperature. Food researchers are constantly working on developing efficient methods for mitigating acrylamide in fried foods. In the present study, asparaginase from Aspergillus terreus was used for the pretreatment of kochchi kesel banana slices before frying to mitigate acrylamide formation during frying. The soaking and frying conditions were optimized using free and chitosan-immobilized asparaginase. The optimal soaking temperature and time were found to be 60 °C and 20 min, respectively...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Steven Sheng-Shih Wang, Szu-Ming Yang, Ai Hsin, Yu-Kaung Chang
Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibrous membrane was prepared by an electrospinning technique. After heat treatment and alkaline hydrolysis, the weak ion exchange membrane was grafted with chitosan molecule and then covalently immobilized with a Cibacron Blue F3GA (CB). Fibre diameter, porosity and pore size of the membrane and immobilized dye density were characterized. Furthermore, the membrane was applied to evaluate the binding performance of lysozyme under various operating parameters (pH, chitosan mass per volume ratio, dye concentration, ionic strength and temperature) in batch mode...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Ram Sarup Singh, Kanika Chauhan, Jagroop Singh, Ashok Pandey, Christian Larroche
Inulinases are an important class of industrial enzymes which are used for the production of high-fructose syrup and fructooligosaccharides. Inulin, a polyfructan, is generally employed for the production of inulinase, which is a very expensive substrate. A number of agroindustrial residues have been used for cost-effective production of inulinases. In the present study, carrot pomace was selected as a substrate for the production of inulinase by Penicillium oxalicum BGPUP-4 in solid-state fermentation. Carrot pomace is one of the good substrates for bioprocesses, because it is rich in soluble and insoluble carbohydrates...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Sindhu Raveendran, Binod Parameswaran, Sabeela Beevi Ummalyma, Amith Abraham, Anil Kuruvilla Mathew, Aravind Madhavan, Sharrel Rebello, Ashok Pandey
The use of enzymes or microorganisms in food preparations is an age-old process. With the advancement of technology, novel enzymes with wide range of applications and specificity have been developed and new application areas are still being explored. Microorganisms such as bacteria, yeast and fungi and their enzymes are widely used in several food preparations for improving the taste and texture and they offer huge economic benefits to industries. Microbial enzymes are the preferred source to plants or animals due to several advantages such as easy, cost-effective and consistent production...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Miaomiao Yang, Junhua Yun, Huanhuan Zhang, Tinashe A Magocha, Hossain Zabed, Yanbo Xue, Ernest Fokum, Wenjing Sun, Xianghui Qi
1,3-Propanediol (1,3-PD) is one of the most important chemicals widely used as monomers for synthesis of some commercially valuable products, including cosmetics, foods, lubricants and medicines. Although 1,3-PD can be synthesized both chemically and biosynthetically, the latter offers more merits over chemical approach as it is economically viable, environmentally friendly and easy to carry out. The biosynthesis of 1,3-PD can be done by transforming glycerol or other similar substrates using some bacteria, such as Clostridium butyricum and Klebsiella pneumoniae ...
March 2018: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Sandeep Janghu, Manab B Bera, Vikas Nanda, Ashish Rawson
The present study was done to optimize the power ultrasound processing for maximizing diastase activity of and minimizing hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content in honey using response surface methodology. Experimental design with treatment time (1-15 min), amplitude (20-100%) and volume (40-80 mL) as independent variables under controlled temperature conditions was studied and it was concluded that treatment time of 8 min, amplitude of 60% and volume of 60 mL give optimal diastase activity and HMF content, i...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Noushin Rastkari, Maryam Zare Jeddi, Masud Yunesian, Reza Ahmadkhaniha
Acidic liquids such as verjuice, lemon juice and vinegar are frequently consumed in Iran. Different kinds of acidic liquids are packaged in polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) bottles. There is evidence indicating that phthalates can leach from PET and HDPE bottles into their contents. In this work the effect of storage time, temperature and bottle type on the migration of phthalates from packaging materials into acidic liquids is studied by analyzing the samples stored under different conditions, before storage and after 2, 4 and 6 months of storage...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Andrea de Oliveira Falcão, Paula Speranza, Tatiane Ueta, Isabela Mateus Martins, Gabriela Alves Macedo, Juliana Alves Macedo
Enzymatic interesterification is used to manipulate oil and fat in order to obtain improved restructured lipids with desired technological properties. However, with raw materials containing significant amounts of bioactive compounds, the influence of this enzymatic process on the bioactivity of the final product is still not clear. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant potential and modulatory effects of two raw materials from the Amazonian area, buriti oil and murumuru fat, before and after lipase interesterification, on human hepatoma cells (HepG2)...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Karthikumar Sankar, Anant Achary
The lipophilic antioxidants, glyceryl ferulate and feruloyl glyceryl linoleate, were synthesized using lipase from Bacillus subtilis AKL 13. The extracellular lipase was produced by cultivation of the strain in modified minimal medium and the enzyme was recovered by fractionation at 80% ammonium salt saturation. The concentrated enzyme with the specific activity of (4647±66) U/mg was immobilized on Celite® 545 and crosslinked using glutaraldehyde. The prepared enzyme catalyst was used for esterification of ferulic and linoleic acids with glycerol separately in hexane butane solvent system at 50 °C and 3...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Natalya Cherno, Sophya Osolina, Oleksandra Nikitina
One of the methods for curing obesity is the inclusion of some substances with the antilipase activity in the diet and thus reducing the uptake of fat components from food. The aim of this research is to provide a stabilized form of lipase inhibitor by immobilization of enzyme on the biopolymers from Agaricus bisporus cell walls. The phenolic compounds extracted from the rapeseed were considered as the lipase inhibitor. The activity of the inhibitor was considerably reduced in the gastric juice, as well as at temperatures above 37 °C and during its storage, which determined the suitability of the inhibitor for stabilization on the matrix...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
Alejandra I Martinez-Gonzalez, Emilio Alvarez-Parrilla, Ángel G Díaz-Sánchez, Laura A de la Rosa, José A Núñez-Gastélum, Alma A Vazquez-Flores, Gustavo A Gonzalez-Aguilar
The inhibitory activity and binding characteristics of caffeic acid, p -coumaric acid, quercetin and capsaicin, four phenolic compounds found in hot pepper, against porcine pancreatic lipase activity were studied and compared to hot pepper extract. Quercetin was the strongest inhibitor (IC50 =(6.1±2.4) µM), followed by p -coumaric acid ((170.2±20.6) µM) and caffeic acid ((401.5±32.1) µM), while capsaicin and a hot pepper extract had very low inhibitory activity. All polyphenolic compounds showed a mixed-type inhibition...
December 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
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