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Cell Death Discovery

Nidhi Srivastava, Asha Shelly, Manmohan Kumar, Archana Pant, Bhabatosh Das, Tanmay Majumdar, Shibnath Mazumder
Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) plays a critical role in host immunity against Gram-negative bacteria. It transduces signals through two distinct TIR-domain-containing adaptors, MyD88 and TRIF, which function at the plasma membrane and endosomes, respectively. Using zebrafish Aeromonas hydrophila infection model, we demonstrate that synchronization of MyD88 and TRIF dependent pathways is critical for determining the fate of infection. Zebrafish were infected with A. hydrophila, and bacterial recovery studies suggested its effective persistence inside the host...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Masakazu Hamada, Hiroyasu Kameyama, Soichi Iwai, Yoshiaki Yura
Sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) regulates tumor growth. The effects of PF-543, a specific SphK1 inhibitor, on human SCC cells were examined. The proportion of viable cells after PF-543 treatment decreased in a time- and dose-dependent manner, and cell death occurred in SphK1-expressing SCC cells. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that PF-543 induced both necrosis and apoptosis. PF-543 also induced granular accumulation of LC3 and conversion from LC3-I to LC3-II, which was blocked by autophagy inhibitors, wortmannin, 3-methyladenine (3-MA), and bafilomycin A1...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Gianmaria Liccardi, Luca L Fava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Amy C Flor, Don Wolfgeher, Ding Wu, Stephen J Kron
At their proliferative limit, normal cells arrest and undergo replicative senescence, displaying large cell size, flat morphology, and senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) activity. Normal or tumor cells exposed to genotoxic stress undergo therapy-induced senescence (TIS), displaying a similar phenotype. Senescence is considered a DNA damage response, but cellular heterogeneity has frustrated identification of senescence-specific markers and targets. To explore the senescent cell proteome, we treated tumor cells with etoposide and enriched SA-β-Gal(HI) cells by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Mahmoud Toulany, Julia Maier, Mari Iida, Simone Rebholz, Marina Holler, Astrid Grottke, Manfred Jüker, Deric L Wheeler, Ulrich Rothbauer, H Peter Rodemann
Akt1 through the C-terminal domain interacts with the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs) and stimulates the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in K-RAS-mutated (K-RASmut) cells. We investigated the interactions of distinct domain(s) of DNA-PKcs in binding to full-length Akt1. Similarly, we analyzed potential interactions of DNA-PKcs with Akt2 and Akt3. Finally the effect of Akt isoforms in cell proliferation and tumor growth was tested. We demonstrated that Akt1 preferentially binds to the N-terminal domain of DNA-PKcs using pull-down studies with distinct eGFP-tagged DNA-PKcs fragments that were expressed by plasmids in combination with mCherry-tagged full-length Akt isoforms...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Ruiwei Jiang, Lijun Ding, Jianjun Zhou, Chenyang Huang, Qun Zhang, Yue Jiang, Jingyu Liu, Qiang Yan, Xin Zhen, Jianxin Sun, Guijun Yan, Haixiang Sun
HOXA10 has emerged as an important molecular marker of endometrial receptivity. Recurrent implantation failure (RIF) after in vitro fertilization-embryo transplantation (IVF-ET) treatment is associated with impaired endometrial receptivity, but the exact underlying mechanism of this phenomenon remains elusive. Here we found that HOXA10 was modified by small ubiquitin like-modifier 1 (SUMO1) at the evolutionarily conserved lysine 164 residue. Sumoylation inhibited HOXA10 protein stability and transcriptional activity without affecting its subcellular localization...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Han Han, Hui Zhou, Jing Li, Xiuyan Feng, Dan Zou, Weiqiang Zhou
To investigate the ability of SAHA-induced TRAIL DR5-CTSB crosstalk to initiate the breast cancer autophagy, RTCA assay was performed to assess the effect of SAHA on breast cancer cells, and western blot and ELISA were used to verify the inductive effects on expression of CTSB. Breast cancer cells were transfected with TRAIL DR5 siRNA to block the function of TRAIL DR5. Cell viability and apoptosis of breast cancer cells were analyzed using a muse cell analyzer. The distribution of LC3-II in TRAIL DR5-silenced breast cancer cells treated with SAHA was observed by immunofluorescence microscopy, the mRNA levels of autophagy-related genes were detected by RNA microarray, and the activity of autophagy-related signaling pathways was screened by MAPK antibody array...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Vilma Dembitz, Hrvoje Lalic, Dora Visnjic
Pharmacological modulators of AMP-dependent kinase (AMPK) have been suggested in treatment of cancer. The biguanide metformin and 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) have been reported to inhibit proliferation of solid tumors and hematological malignancies, but their role in differentiation is less explored. Our previous study demonstrated that AICAR alone induced AMPK-independent expression of differentiation markers in monocytic U937 leukemia cells, and no such effects were observed in response to metformin...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Yansong Xue, Min Du, Haiqing Sheng, Carolyn J Hovde, Mei-Jun Zhu
Autophagy is a pivotal innate immune response that not only degrades cytosolic components, but also serves as one of the critical antimicrobial mechanisms eliminating intracellular pathogens. However, its role in host defense against extracellular pathogens is largely unknown. Here we showed that E. coli O157:H7 altered autophagy to evade host defense and facilitate adhesion. Enhancing host cell autophagy with tumor necrosis factor (TNF), host starvation or rapamycin reduced the adherence of E. coli O157:H7 to HT-29 cells...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Nina M Storey, David G Lambert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Anju Singh, Sivakumar Periasamy, Meenakshi Malik, Chandra Shekhar Bakshi, Laurie Stephen, Jeffrey G Ault, Carmen A Mannella, Timothy J Sellati
Infection with Francisella tularensis ssp. tularensis (Ft) strain SchuS4 causes an often lethal disease known as tularemia in rodents, non-human primates, and humans. Ft subverts host cell death programs to facilitate their exponential replication within macrophages and other cell types during early respiratory infection (⩽72 h). The mechanism(s) by which cell death is triggered remains incompletely defined, as does the impact of Ft on mitochondria, the host cell's organellar 'canary in a coal mine'. Herein, we reveal that Ft infection of host cells, particularly macrophages and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, drives necroptosis via a receptor-interacting protein kinase 1/3-mediated mechanism...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Rosamaria Lappano, Anna Sebastiani, Francesca Cirillo, Damiano Cosimo Rigiracciolo, Giulia Raffaella Galli, Rosita Curcio, Roberta Malaguarnera, Antonino Belfiore, Anna Rita Cappello, Marcello Maggiolini
The saturated medium-chain fatty-acid lauric acid (LA) has been associated to certain health-promoting benefits of coconut oil intake, including the improvement of the quality of life in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy. As it concerns the potential to hamper tumor growth, LA was shown to elicit inhibitory effects only in colon cancer cells. Here, we provide novel insights regarding the molecular mechanisms through which LA triggers antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in both breast and endometrial cancer cells...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Bhavana Chhunchha, Prerna Singh, W Daniel Stamer, Dhirendra P Singh
A progressive decline in antioxidant potential and accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are major causes of pathogenesis of several diseases, including glaucoma. Trabecular meshwork (TM) dysfunction resulting in higher intraocular pressure (IOP) is a hallmark of glaucoma, but its causes are unclear. Using human (h) TM cells derived from glaucomatous and normal subjects of different ages and cells facing oxidative-stress, we showed that specific loss of moonlighting antioxidant protein Peroxiredoxin (Prdx) 6 in aging or in glaucomatous TM cells caused ROS accumulation and pathobiological changes in TM cells...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Xiaolan Zhu, Li Huang, Jie Gong, Chun Shi, Zhiming Wang, Bingkun Ye, Aiguo Xuan, Xiaosong He, Dahong Long, Xiao Zhu, Ningfang Ma, Shuilong Leng
Targeting endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is being investigated for its anticancer effect in various cancers, including cervical cancer. However, the molecular pathways whereby ER stress mediates cell death remain to be fully elucidated. In this study, we confirmed that ER stress triggered by compounds such as brefeldin A (BFA), tunicamycin (TM), and thapsigargin (TG) leads to the induction of the unfolded protein response (UPR) in cervical cancer cell lines, which is characterized by elevated levels of inositol-requiring kinase 1α, glucose-regulated protein-78, and C/EBP homologous protein, and swelling of the ER observed by transmission electron microscope (TEM)...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Ryan A Hutchinson, Helen G Coleman, Kathy Gately, Vincent Young, Siobhan Nicholson, Robert Cummins, Elaine Kay, Sean O Hynes, Philip D Dunne, Seedevi Senevirathne, Peter W Hamilton, Darragh G McArt, Daniel B Longley
In this study, we developed an image analysis algorithm for quantification of two potential apoptotic biomarkers in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): FLIP and procaspase-8. Immunohistochemical expression of FLIP and procaspase-8 in 184 NSCLC tumors were assessed. Individual patient cores were segmented and classified as tumor and stroma using the Definiens Tissue Studio. Subsequently, chromogenic expression of each biomarker was measured separately in the nucleus and cytoplasm and reported as a quantitative histological score...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
William T Lee, Xin Sun, Te-Sha Tsai, Jacqueline L Johnson, Jodee A Gould, Daniel J Garama, Daniel J Gough, Matthew McKenzie, Ian A Trounce, Justin C St John
Mitochondrial DNA copy number is strictly regulated during development as naive cells differentiate into mature cells to ensure that specific cell types have sufficient copies of mitochondrial DNA to perform their specialised functions. Mitochondrial DNA haplotypes are defined as specific regions of mitochondrial DNA that cluster with other mitochondrial sequences to show the phylogenetic origins of maternal lineages. Mitochondrial DNA haplotypes are associated with a range of phenotypes and disease. To understand how mitochondrial DNA haplotypes induce these characteristics, we used four embryonic stem cell lines that have the same set of chromosomes but possess different mitochondrial DNA haplotypes...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Hongping Xia, Kee Wah Lee, Jianxiang Chen, Shik Nie Kong, Karthik Sekar, Amudha Deivasigamani, Veerabrahma Pratap Seshachalam, Brian Kim Poh Goh, London Lucien Ooi, Kam M Hui
Sorafenib is currently the only US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved molecular inhibitor for the systemic therapy of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Aspirin has been studied extensively as an anti-inflammation, cancer preventive and therapeutic agent. However, the potential synergistic therapeutic effects of sorafenib and aspirin on advanced HCC treatment have not been well studied. Drug combination studies and their synergy quantification were performed using the combination index method of Chou-Talalay...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Fuwen Yuan, Guodong Li, Tanjun Tong
Telomeric repeat-binding factor 2 (TRF2) was reported to localize in the nucleolus of human cells in a cell cycle-dependent manner; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we found that nucleolar and coiled-body phosphoprotein 1 (NOLC1) interacted with TRF2 and mediated the shuttling of TRF2 between the nucleolus and nucleus in human 293T and HepG2 cells. Ablation of NOLC1 expression increased the number of nuclear TRF2 foci and decreased the nucleolar level of TRF2. Conversely, NOLC1 overexpression promoted the nucleolar accumulation of TRF2...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Jia-Yi Chen, Yuan Yu, Yin Yuan, Yu-Jing Zhang, Xue-Peng Fan, Shi-Ying Yuan, Jian-Cheng Zhang, Shang-Long Yao
Enriched environment (EE) is shown to promote angiogenesis, neurogenesis and functional recovery after ischemic stroke. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. C57BL/6 mice underwent middle cerebral artery occlusion (60 min) followed by reperfusion, after which mice were housed in either standard environment (SE) or EE. Here we found that post-ischemic EE exhibited decreased depression and anxiety-like behavior, and promoted angiogenesis and functional recovery compared to SE mice. EE mice treated with high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) inhibitor glycyrrhizin had an increased post-stroke depression and anxiety-like behavior, and the angiogenesis and functional recovery were decreased...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
Francesco S Ruggeri, Anne-Laure Mahul-Mellier, Sandor Kasas, Hilal A Lashuel, Giovanni Longo, Giovanni Dietler
Cells are extremely complex systems able to actively modify their metabolism and behavior in response to environmental conditions and stimuli such as pathogenic agents or drugs. The comprehension of these responses is central to understand the molecular bases of human pathologies, including amyloid misfolding diseases. Conventional bulk biological assays are limited by intrinsic cellular heterogeneity in gene, protein and metabolite expression, and can investigate only indirectly cellular reactions in non-physiological conditions...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
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