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Journal of Animal Science and Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340165/nitric-oxide-induced-by-indian-ginseng-root-extract-inhibits-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-in-chicken-embryo-fibroblasts-in-vitro
#1
Bhaskar Ganguly, Vijaypillai Umapathi, Sunil Kumar Rastogi
Infectious Bursal Disease is a severe viral disease of chicken responsible for serious economic losses to poultry farmers. The causative agent, Infectious Bursal Disease virus, is inhibited by nitric oxide. Root extract of the Indian ginseng, Withania somnifera, inhibits Infectious Bursal Disease virus in vitro. Also, Withania somnifera root extract is known to induce nitric oxide production in vitro. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to determine if the inhibitory activity of Withania somnifera against Infectious Bursal Disease virus was based on the production of nitric oxide...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270304/sonogram-of-coccygeus-muscle-in-dairy-cows-with-different-gestational-ages
#2
Mokhamad Fakhrul Ulum, Dilla Frastantie, Bambang Purwantara
Background: The change in size and weight of the female reproductive organs during gestation and birth might be affect the perineal muscles and this condition in dairy cow not been reported. This study aimed to assess the ultrasonographic image of coccygeus muscle in 11 inseminated dairy cows with different gestational ages and postpartum. Methods: Gestational age was calculated based on the record of artificial insemination and confirmed by using transrectal brightness mode ultrasonography...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238606/effects-of-amino-acid-composition-in-pig-diet-on-odorous-compounds-and-microbial-characteristics-of-swine-excreta
#3
Neeraja Recharla, Kihyun Kim, Juncheol Park, Jinyoung Jeong, Yongdae Jeong, Hyunjeong Lee, Okhwa Hwang, Jaehyoung Ryu, Youlchang Baek, Youngkyun Oh, Sungkwon Park
Background: Major amino acids in pig diets are Lys, Met, Thr, and Trp, but little is known about the requirements for the other essential amino acids, especially on odorous compounds and microbial characteristics in feces of growing-finishing pigs. To this end, different levels of amino acid composition added to diets to investigate the effects of amino acid composition on microbial characteristics and odorous compounds concentration. Methods: A total eight (n = 8) barrows (Landrace × Yorkshire × Duroc) with an average bodyweight of 89...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214044/milk-yield-and-kit-development-of-four-breeds-of-rabbit-in-ibadan-nigeria
#4
Olatunji Abubakar Jimoh, Emmanuel Olabisi Ewuola
Background: Rabbit breeding with high performance imported ones would be of benefit for genetic diversity and improvement of performance in domestic rabbit breeds. The rearing of more productive rabbit breeds could be pathway to improve the productivity and reduce the production cost. Maternal nutritional status exert a great influence on reproductive functions of does, which may expand from conception, through gestation and parturition and development of kits to puberty. Methods: Four breeds of rabbit were evaluated for their parturition, weaning and pubertal differences among the rabbit population in Ibadan, Nigeria...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204288/potency-of-cashew-nut-shell-liquid-in-rumen-modulation-under-different-dietary-conditions-and-indication-of-its-surfactant-action-against-rumen-bacteria
#5
Seongjin Oh, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Shusuke Hayashi, Yutaka Suzuki, Satoshi Koike, Yasuo Kobayashi
Background: Cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) is an agricultural byproduct containing alkylphenols that has been shown to favorably change the rumen fermentation pattern only under experimentally fixed feeding conditions. Investigation of CNSL potency in rumen modulation under a variety of feeding regimens, and evidence leading to the understanding of CNSL action are obviously necessary for further CNSL applications. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potency of CNSL for rumen modulation under different dietary conditions, and to visually demonstrate its surfactant action against selected rumen bacteria...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152322/choosing-a-culture-medium-for-scnt-and-iscnt-reconstructed-embryos-from-domestic-to-wildlife-species
#6
REVIEW
A Cordova, W A King, G F Mastromonaco
Over the past decades, in vitro culture media have been developed to successfully support IVF embryo growth in a variety of species. Advanced reproductive technologies, such as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), challenge us with a new type of embryo, with special nutritional requirements and altered physiology under in vitro conditions. Numerous studies have successfully reconstructed cloned embryos of domestic animals for biomedical research and livestock production. However, studies evaluating suitable culture conditions for SCNT embryos in wildlife species are scarce (for both intra- and interspecies SCNT)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085659/yield-survey-and-nutritional-evaluation-of-garlic-stalk-for-ruminant-feed
#7
Y H Lee, Y I Kim, Y K Oh, F Ahmadi, W S Kwak
BACKGROUND: Very limited information exists on the ruminal degradation kinetics of nutrients in garlic stalk. The present study aimed to survey the annual yield of garlic stalk in Korea and determine its feed-nutritive value for ruminants. METHODS: In Experiment 1, garlic stalk was incubated in situ in the rumen of two Hanwoo steers (360 ± 15 kg body weight) and removed after 12, 24, or 48 h to determine the ruminal degradation kinetics of DM and NDF. Rice straw was also included for comparison...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051826/apparent-and-standardized-ileal-nutrient-digestibility-of-broiler-diets-containing-varying-levels-of-raw-full-fat-soybean-and-microbial-protease
#8
Mammo M Erdaw, Rider A Perez-Maldonado, Paul A Iji
BACKGROUND: Although soybean meal (SBM) is excellent source of protein in diets for poultry, it is sometimes inaccessible, costly and fluctuates in supply. The SBM can partially be replaced by full-fat SBM, but the meals prepared from raw full-fat soybean contain antinutritional factors. To avoid the risk of antinutritional factors, heat treatment is always advisable, but either excessive or under heating the soybean could negatively affect the quality. However, the potential for further improvement of SBM by supplementing with microbial enzymes has been suggested by many researchers...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043090/the-use-of-infrared-thermography-to-detect-the-stages-of-estrus-cycle-and-ovulation-time-in-anatolian-shepherd-dogs
#9
Kemal Tuna Olğaç, Ergun Akçay, Beste Çil, Burak Mehmet Uçar, Ali Daşkın
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of thermographic monitoring, using the temperature changes of perianal and perivulvar areas for the determination of estrus in Anatolian Shepherd bitches. Fifteen bitches were used in the study. Blood and vaginal smear samples were collected and thermographic monitoring of perianal and perivulvar areas were carried out starting from proestrus to early diestrus. Also, external signs of estrus were investigated. Smear samples were evaluated by light microscopy after Diff-Quik staining method and superficial and keratinized superficial cells were determined as percentage (S + KS%)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021904/a-study-of-ribonuclease-activity-in-venom-of-vietnam-cobra
#10
Thiet Van Nguyen, A V Osipov
BACKGROUND: Ribonuclease (RNase) is one of the few toxic proteins that are present constantly in snake venoms of all types. However, to date this RNase is still poorly studied in comparison not only with other toxic proteins of snake venom, but also with the enzymes of RNase group. The objective of this paper was to investigate some properties of RNase from venom of Vietnam cobra Naja atra. METHODS: Kinetic methods and gel filtration chromatography were used to investigate RNase from venom of Vietnam cobra...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835852/degummed-crude-canola-oil-sire-breed-and-gender-effects-on-intramuscular-long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acid-properties-of-raw-and-cooked-lamb-meat
#11
Aaron Ross Flakemore, Bunmi Sherifat Malau-Aduli, Peter David Nichols, Aduli Enoch Othniel Malau-Aduli
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 long-chain (≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3 LC-PUFA) confer important attributes to health-conscious meat consumers due to the significant role they play in brain development, prevention of coronary heart disease, obesity and hypertension. In this study, the ω3 LC-PUFA content of raw and cooked Longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LTL) muscle from genetically divergent Australian prime lambs supplemented with dietary degummed crude canola oil (DCCO) was evaluated...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794893/effect-of-dietary-sugar-beet-pulp-supplementation-on-growth-performance-nutrient-digestibility-fecal-microflora-blood-profiles-and-diarrhea-incidence-in-weaning-pigs
#12
C L Yan, H S Kim, J S Hong, J H Lee, Y G Han, Y H Jin, S W Son, S H Ha, Y Y Kim
BACKGROUND: In 2006, the European Union (EU) has decided to forbid use of antibiotics as growth promoters. Although many researches had been conducted about fiber source as alternatives of antibiotics, there are still lack of reports in the literature about the optimum level of sugar beet pulp supplementation, affecting growth performance and nutrient digestibility in weaning pigs. Therefore, different level of sugar beet pulp was added to diets to determine the effects of sugar beet pulp supplementation on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, fecal microflora, blood profile and incidence of diarrhea in weaning pigs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748103/role-of-ghrelin-in-the-pancreatic-exocrine-secretion-via-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-signaling-in-rats
#13
Kyung-Hoon Lee, Jae-Sung Lee, Tao Wang, Jin-Ju Oh, Sanggun Roh, Hong-Gu Lee
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to investigate the impact of exogenous ghrelin on the pancreatic α-amylase outputs and responses of pancreatic proteins to ghrelin that may relate to pancreatic exocrine. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley male rats (9 weeks old, 300 ± 10 g) were injected with ghrelin via intraperitoneal (i.p.) infusion at dosage of 0, 0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 μg/kg body weight (BW), respectively. The plasma ghrelin and cholecystokinin (CCK) level were determined using enzyme immunoassay kit; the mRNA expression of ghrelin receptor (GHSR-1α) and growth hormone (GH) receptor were assessed by reverse transcription PCR; the expressions of pancreatic α-amylase activity, extracellular-signal-regulated kinases (ERK), phosphorylated extracellular-signal-regulated kinases (pERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were evaluated by western blotting; moreover the responses of pancreatic proteins to ghrelin were analyzed using the two-dimensional gel electrophoresis system...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725450/various-levels-of-copra-meal-supplementation-with-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-growth-performance-blood-profile-nutrient-digestibility-pork-quality-and-economical-analysis-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#14
H J Kim, S O Nam, J H Jeong, L H Fang, H B Yoo, S H Yoo, J S Hong, S W Son, S H Ha, Y Y Kim
BACKGROUND: To reduce use of main feed ingredient like corn, soy bean meal (SBM) and wheat, alternative ingredients has been studied like copra meal (CM). Production amount of CM which has been high makes CM to be an alternative feed stuff. However, low digestibility on AA and low energy content by high fiber content can be an obstacle for using CM. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of CM supplementation with β-mannanase on growth performance, blood profile, nutrient digestibility, pork quality and economic analysis in growing-finishing pigs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652925/effect-of-feeding-garlic-leaves-on-rumen-fermentation-methane-emission-plasma-glucose-kinetics-and-nitrogen-utilization-in-sheep
#15
Arvinda Panthee, Ayana Matsuno, Mohammad Al-Mamun, Hiroaki Sano
BACKGROUND: Garlic and its constituents are reported to have been effective in reducing methane emission and also influence glucose metabolism in body; however, studies in ruminants using garlic leaves are scarce. Garlic leaves contain similar compounds as garlic bulbs, but are discarded in field after garlic bulb harvest. We speculate that feeding garlic leaves might show similar effect as garlic constituents in sheep and could be potential animal feed supplement. Thus, we examined the effect of freeze dried garlic leaves (FDGL) on rumen fermentation, methane emission, plasma glucose kinetics and nitrogen utilization in sheep...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638626/effects-of-liposomal-curcumin-on-five-opportunistic-bacterial-strains-found-in-the-equine-hindgut-preliminary-study
#16
S D Bland, E B Venable, J L McPherson, R L Atkinson
BACKGROUND: The horse intestinal tract is sensitive and contains a highly complex microbial population. A shift in the microbial population can lead to various issues such as inflammation and colic. The use of nutraceuticals in the equine industry is on the rise and curcumin is thought to possess antimicrobial properties that may help to minimize the proliferation of opportunistic bacteria. METHODS: Four cecally-cannulated horses were utilized to determine the optimal dose of liposomal-curcumin (LIPC) on reducing Streptococcus bovis/equinus complex (SBEC), Escherichia coli K-12, Escherichia coli general, Clostridium difficile, and Clostridium perfringens in the equine hindgut without adversely affecting cecal characteristics...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560047/effects-of-dexamethasone-on-progesterone-and-estrogen-profiles-and-uterine-progesterone-receptor-localization-during-pregnancy-in-sahel-goat-in-semi-arid-region
#17
Dauda Yahi, Nicholas Adetayo Ojo, Gideon Dauda Mshelia
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread use of dexamethasone in veterinary and human medicine, it is reported to cause some severe pregnancy related side effects like abortion in some animals. The mechanism of the response is not clear but seems to be related to interspecies and/or breed difference in response which may involve alterations in the concentrations of some reproductive hormones. METHODS: Twenty Sahel goats comprising 18 does and 2 bucks were used for this study...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515956/effects-of-phosalone-consumption-via-feeding-with-or-without-sodium-bentonite-on-performance-blood-metabolites-and-its-transition-to-milk-of-iranian-baluchi-sheep
#18
Mohsen Kazemi, Ameneh Eskandary Torbaghan, Abdoul Mansour Tahmasbi, Reza Valizadeh, Abbas Ali Naserian
BACKGROUND: Transfer of pesticides from environment to animal products is inevitable, so the purpose of the present work was to evaluate phosalone consumption via feeding with or without sodium bentonite (SB) on performance, blood metabolites and its transition to milk of Iranian Baluchi sheep. METHODS: Twenty Baluchi ewes were divided into four treatments (P1 as control, P2, P3, and P4) of five animals in which phosalone, an organophosphate pesticide, was given via diet (only for P2 and P3) at a dose of 280 mg/sheep/day for 63 consecutive days...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507766/effect-of-dietary-mannanoligosaccharide-supplementation-on-nutrient-digestibility-hindgut-fermentation-immune-response-and-antioxidant-indices-in-dogs
#19
Mahesh M Pawar, Ashok K Pattanaik, Dharmendra K Sinha, Tapas K Goswami, Kusumakar Sharma
BACKGROUND: Use of prebiotics in companion animal nutrition is often considered advantageous over probiotics because of the ease of handling, ability to withstand processing and storage etc. While most of the studies on prebiotic use in dogs have been done with processed food as basal diet, the response in relation to homemade diet feeding is not very well explored. METHODS: The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary mannanoligosaccharide (MOS) supplementation on nutrient digestibility, hindgut fermentation, immune response and antioxidant indices in dogs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428891/dietary-inclusion-effects-of-phytochemicals-as-growth-promoters-in-animal-production
#20
REVIEW
Nidia Vanessa Valenzuela-Grijalva, Araceli Pinelli-Saavedra, Adriana Muhlia-Almazan, David Domínguez-Díaz, Humberto González-Ríos
Growth promoters have been widely used as a strategy to improve productivity, and great benefits have been observed throughout the meat production chain. However, the prohibition of growth promoters in several countries, as well as consumer rejection, has led industry and the academy to search for alternatives. For decades, the inclusion of phytochemicals in animal feed has been proposed as a replacement for traditional growth promoters. However, there are many concerns about the application of phytochemicals and their impact on the various links in the meat production chain (productive performance, carcass and meat quality)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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