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Journal of Animal Science and Technology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009039/examination-of-the-xanthosine-response-on-gene-expression-of-mammary-epithelial-cells-using-rna-seq-technology
#1
Shanti Choudhary, Wenli Li, Derek Bickhart, Ramneek Verma, R S Sethi, C S Mukhopadhyay, Ratan K Choudhary
Background: Xanthosine treatment has been previously reported to increase mammary stem cell population and milk production in cattle and goats. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms associated with the increase in stem cell population and milk production remain unclear. Methods: Primiparous Beetal goats were assigned to the study. Five days post-partum, one mammary gland of each goat was infused with xanthosine (TRT) twice daily (2×) for 3 days consecutively, and the other gland served as a control (CON)...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992036/analysis-of-protein-protein-interaction-network-based-on-transcriptome-profiling-of-ovine-granulosa-cells-identifies-candidate-genes-in-cyclic-recruitment-of-ovarian-follicles
#2
Reza Talebi, Ahmad Ahmadi, Fazlollah Afraz
After pubertal, cohort of small antral follicles enters to gonadotrophin-sensitive development, called recruited follicles. This study was aimed to identify candidate genes in follicular cyclic recruitment via analysis of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in ovine granulosa cells of small antral follicles between follicular and luteal phases were accumulated among gene/protein symbols of the Ensembl annotation. Following directed graphs, PTPN6 and FYN have the highest indegree and outdegree, respectively...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977586/correction-to-physicochemical-properties-of-m-longissimus-dorsi-of-korean-native-pigs
#3
Gye-Woong Kim, Hack-Youn Kim
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40781-018-0163-y.].
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946476/effects-of-an-odor-or-taste-stimulus-applied-to-an-artificial-teat-on-the-suckling-behavior-of-newborn-dairy-calves
#4
Maria Malidaki, Matthias Laska
Background: In their first days of life, dairy calves in artificial rearing systems often have difficulty using an artificial teat for feeding. Methods: We examined the age at which calves are able to stand up voluntarily and suckle as well as their suckling behavior when presented with a plain dry teat versus a dry teat modified with a presumably attractive odor or taste substance. Single-housed newborn dairy calves ( n  = 51) were presented for ten consecutive days with a two-minute two-choice test, in which suckling time was recorded for 1) a plain (control) teat versus a glucose-coated teat (taste test) and 2) a plain teat versus a teat with a "Freshly Cut Grass" odor (odor test)...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946475/dietary-manipulation-a-sustainable-way-to-mitigate-methane-emissions-from-ruminants
#5
REVIEW
Md Najmul Haque
Methane emission from the enteric fermentation of ruminant livestock is a main source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and a major concern for global warming. Methane emission is also associated with dietary energy lose; hence, reduce feed efficiency. Due to the negative environmental impacts, methane mitigation has come forward in last few decades. To date numerous efforts were made in order to reduce methane emission from ruminants. No table mitigation approaches are rumen manipulation, alteration of rumen fermentation, modification of rumen microbial biodiversity by different means and rarely by animal manipulations...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881635/dietary-spray-dried-plasma-improves-intestinal-morphology-of-mated-female-mice-under-stress-condition
#6
Yanhong Liu, Jeehwan Choe, Sheena Kim, Byeonghyeon Kim, Joy M Campbell, Javier Polo, Joe D Crenshaw, James E Pettigrew, Minho Song
Background: Stress causes inflammation that impairs intestinal barrier function. Dietary spray-dried plasma (SDP) has recognized anti-inflammatory effects and improvement of gut barrier function. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary SDP on intestinal morphology of mated female mice under stress condition. Results: Villus height, width, and area of small intestines were low on gestation day (GD) 3 or 4 under stress conditions, and higher later (Time, P  < 0...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854411/dietary-addition-of-a-standardized-extract-of-turmeric-turmafeed-tm-improves-growth-performance-and-carcass-quality-of-broilers
#7
Johannah Nm, Ashil Joseph, Balu Maliakel, Krishnakumar Im
Background: Indiscriminate use of antibiotics in livestock and poultry farming has caused emergence of new pathogenic strains. The situation has warrented the development of safe and alternative growth promoters and immunity enhancers in livestock. Herbal additives in animal and bird feed is a centuries-old practice. Thus, the present study investigated the efficacy of a standardized formulation of lipophilic turmeric extract containing curcumin and turmerones, (TF-36), as a natural growth promoter poultry feed additive...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796288/flock-composition-breeding-strategies-and-farmers-traits-of-interest-evaluation-of-wollo-highland-sheep-and-their-f-1-crosses
#8
Tadesse Amare, Gebeyehu Goshu, Berhan Tamir
Background: Sheep production is a major component of the livestock sector in Ethiopia. The country owing to the large population of 30.70 million estimated numbers of sheep in the country and out of which about 72.14% are females, and 27.86% are males with diverse genetic resources. The real value of indigenous breeds was often under-estimated mostly due to their poor appearance and relatively low productivity. Developing countries in most cases opt for exotic breeds to increase animal productivity through crossbreeding or breed substitution without properly investigating the production potential of the indigenous breeds...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785277/intake-and-performance-of-lambs-finished-in-feedlot-with-wet-brewer-s-grains
#9
Mônica Feksa Frasson, Sérgio Carvalho, Gustavo Jaurena, Aliei Maria Menegon, Marcelo Machado Severo, Juliano Henriques da Motta, William Soares Teixeira
Background: The use of agroindustrial by-products in ruminant nutrition to be an interesting alternative in order to reduce production costs and environmental impacts arising from the inadequate destination of residues. The initial step of beer production yields a large volume of wet brewer's grains all year around, which is available at a low cost and has a high nutritional quality, and hence a big potential for animal production. Methods: Twenty-four Suffolk non-castrated male lambs, from simple parturition were kept in individual spots and allocated to four treatments constituted by four levels of substitution of sorghum silage by WBG (i...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736255/addition-of-capsicum-oleoresin-carvacrol-cinnamaldehyde-and-their-mixtures-to-the-broiler-diet-ii-effects-on-meat-quality
#10
Hasan Hüseyin İpçak, Ahmet Alçiçek
Background: In recent years, with the prohibition of antibiotics used as growth stimulants in the nutrition of farm animals, researchers have searched for alternative natural and reliable products in order to be able to sustain the developments experienced during the use of antibiotics and to overcome the possible inconveniences. In this context, studies on evaluation of essential oils in poultry nutrition have been reported to improve the utilization of feed, stimulate the release of digestive enzymes, increase absorption in the stomach and intestines, antimicrobial and anti-parasitic effects and thus, can be an alternative to antibiotics and improve meat quality as well...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713492/effect-of-cold-stress-on-infanticide-by-female-swiss-albino-mice-mus-musculus-a-pilot-study
#11
Tabassum Zafar, Ab Qayoom Naik, Vinoy K Shrivastava
Background: Mice are widely accepted research models of great clinical significance. Maintenance of laboratory mice breed is an essential aspect for performing research activities in various fields of science. Infanticide is one of the prominent causes of litter loss during maintenance of laboratory mice stock. The present study is an effort to monitor the effect of change in ambient temperature of female mice below the normal range on cannibalism and infanticide during early postparturition phase...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610673/physicochemical-properties-of-m-longissimus-dorsi-of-korean-native-pigs
#12
Gye-Woong Kim, Hack-Youn Kim
Background: The meat quality of Korean native pigs (KNP) and crossbred pigs (LYD; Landrace × Yorkshire × Duroc) was examined to generate data useful for selecting native pigs for improved pork production. Methods: Fifty Korean native pigs (KNP) and 50 crossbred pigs (LYD) were tested. Loin samples ( M. longissimus dorsi ) of the two breeds were analyzed to determine meat quality and sensory properties. Result: KNP had a higher moisture content than LYD ( p  < 0...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517080/correction-to-effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-a-lipid-coated-zinc-oxide-product-on-the-fecal-consistency-growth-and-morphology-of-the-intestinal-mucosa-of-weanling-pigs
#13
Young-Jin Byun, Chul Young Lee, Myeong Hyeon Kim, Dae Yun Jung, Jeong Hee Han, Insurk Jang, Young Min Song, Byung-Chul Park
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40781-017-0159-z.].
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479455/nutrient-production-from-korean-poultry-and-loading-estimations-for-cropland
#14
Seunggun Won, Naveed Ahmed, Byung-Gu You, Soomin Shim, Seung-Su Kim, Changsix Ra
Background: Poultry breeding has increased by 306% in Korea, inevitably increasing the production of manure which may contribute to environmental pollution. The nutrients (NP) in the manure are essential for crop cultivation and soil fertility when applied as compost. Excess nutrients from manure can be accumulated on the land and can lead to eutrophication. Therefore, a nutrient load on the finite land should be calculated. Methods: This study calculates the nutrient production from Korean poultry by investigating 11 broiler and 16 laying hen farms...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469906/correction-to-in-transit-development-of-color-abnormalities-in-turkey-breast-meat-during-winter-season
#15
Rafael H Carvalho, Danielle C B Honorato, Paulo D Guarnieri, Adriana L Soares, Mayka R Pedrão, Alexandre Oba, Fernanda G Paião, Elza I Ida, Massami Shimokomaki
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40781-017-0157-1.].
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445513/evaluating-different-interrow-distance-between-corn-and-soybean-for-optimum-growth-production-and-nutritive-value-of-intercropped-forages
#16
Jeongtae Kim, Yowook Song, Dong Woo Kim, Muhammad Fiaz, Chan Ho Kwon
Background: Maize fodder is being used as staple feed for livestock but it lacks protein and essential amino acids; lysine and tryptophan. Intercropping maize with leguminous soybean crop is promising technique under limited land resources of South Korea but it can only give considerable advantages when adequate distance is provided between corn and soybean rows. Main aim of present study was to find-out adequate distance between corn and soybean seeding rows for optimum growth, yield and nutritive value of intercropped forage...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340165/nitric-oxide-induced-by-indian-ginseng-root-extract-inhibits-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-in-chicken-embryo-fibroblasts-in-vitro
#17
Bhaskar Ganguly, Vijaypillai Umapathi, Sunil Kumar Rastogi
Infectious Bursal Disease is a severe viral disease of chicken responsible for serious economic losses to poultry farmers. The causative agent, Infectious Bursal Disease virus, is inhibited by nitric oxide. Root extract of the Indian ginseng, Withania somnifera , inhibits Infectious Bursal Disease virus in vitro. Also, Withania somnifera root extract is known to induce nitric oxide production in vitro. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to determine if the inhibitory activity of Withania somnifera against Infectious Bursal Disease virus was based on the production of nitric oxide...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541479/effects-of-dietary-supplementation-of-a-lipid-coated-zinc-oxide-product-on-the-fecal-consistency-growth-and-morphology-of-the-intestinal-mucosa-of-weanling-pigs
#18
Young-Jin Byun, Chul Young Lee, Myeong Hyeon Kim, Dae Yun Jung, Jeong Hee Han, Insurk Jang, Young Min Song, Byung-Chul Park
Background: Dietary supplementation of zinc oxide (ZnO) to 2000 to 4000 mg/kg is known to be effective for the prevention and treatment of post-weaning diarrhea in the pig. Such a 'pharmacological' supplementation, however, can potentially result in environmental pollution of the heavy metal, because dietary ZnO is mostly excreted unabsorbed. Two experiments (Exp.) were performed in the present study to determine the effects of a lipid-coated ZnO supplement Shield Zn (SZ) compared with those of ZnO...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484194/in-transit-development-of-color-abnormalities-in-turkey-breast-meat-during-winter-season
#19
Rafael H Carvalho, Danielle C B Honorato, Paulo D Guarnieri, Adriana L Soares, Mayka R Pedrão, Alexandre Oba, Fernanda G Paião, Elza I Ida, Massami Shimokomaki
Background: The poultry industry suffers losses from problems as pale, soft and exudative (PSE), and dark, firm and dry (DFD) meat can develop in meat as a result of short- and long-term stress, respectively. These abnormalities are impacted by pre-slaughter animal welfare. Methods: This work evaluated the effects of open vehicle container microclimate, throughout the 38 ± 10 km journey from the farm to the slaughterhouse, on commercially turkey transported during the Brazilian winter season...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270304/sonogram-of-coccygeus-muscle-in-dairy-cows-with-different-gestational-ages
#20
Mokhamad Fakhrul Ulum, Dilla Frastantie, Bambang Purwantara
Background: The change in size and weight of the female reproductive organs during gestation and birth might be affect the perineal muscles and this condition in dairy cow not been reported. This study aimed to assess the ultrasonographic image of coccygeus muscle in 11 inseminated dairy cows with different gestational ages and postpartum. Methods: Gestational age was calculated based on the record of artificial insemination and confirmed by using transrectal brightness mode ultrasonography...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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