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One Health

Sandra G Steele, Robert Booy, Siobhan M Mor
While general medical practitioners (GPs) and veterinarians are often the first line responders in the face of a disease outbreak, pathways to improving the One Health efficacy of these clinicians remain unclear. A two-phase modified Delphi survey of professionals with known expertise in One Health ('expert panel') was used to 1) identify key knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) of GPs and veterinarians that would be consistent with a One Health approach to zoonoses; and 2) determine priorities for future surveys with Australian GPs and veterinarians to identify important gaps that impede effective diagnosis and management of zoonoses...
December 2018: One Health
Cara Cherry, Kirsten M Leong, Rick Wallen, Danielle Buttke
Yellowstone National Park is home to the largest bison population on public land in the United States. Although Yellowstone regulations require visitors to remain at least 23 m from bison, since 1980, bison have injured more visitors to Yellowstone than any other animal. We examined a series of bison-related injuries at Yellowstone to evaluate the circumstances of these injuries and to identify common risk-enhancing behaviors that lead to injury. To do this, we analyzed narrative case incident records from law enforcement regarding bison-human encounters in Yellowstone during 2000-2015...
December 2018: One Health
Abdolmotalleb Rezaei
International and national organizations responsible for healthy food production and food consumers have too often neglected farmers, who are the producers in this cycle and are directly involved in environmental issues, integrating resources with their skills and producing agricultural crops to offer to civil society. Moreover, the health of farmers has also been neglected, when attending to their health would likely ensure a healthy environment and safe foods. Thus, the Farmer First Health Paradigm is seeking to address the fact that if international community expects a healthy environment and safe foods for future generations, then basic principles for producing healthy food in different countries should be considered and applied in their strategic plans...
June 2018: One Health
Dan David, Ditza Rotenberg, Evgeny Khinich, Oran Erster, Svetlana Bardenstein, Michael van Straten, Nisreen M A Okba, Stalin V Raj, Bart L Haagmans, Marcelo Miculitzki, Irit Davidson
Thus far, no human MERS-CoV infections have been reported from Israel. Evidence for the circulation of MERS-CoV in dromedaries has been reported from almost all the countries of the Middle East, except Israel. Therefore, we aimed to analyze MERS-CoV infection in Israeli camelids, sampled between 2012 and 2017. A total of 411 camels, 102 alpacas and 19 llamas' sera were tested for the presence of antibodies to MERS-CoV. Our findings indicate a lower MERS-CoV seropositivity among Israeli dromedaries than in the surrounding countries, and for the first time naturally infected llamas were identified...
June 2018: One Health
Siobhan M Mor, Jacqueline M Norris, Katrina L Bosward, Jenny-Ann L M L Toribio, Michael P Ward, Jaime Gongora, Meg Vost, Peter C Higgins, Paul D McGreevy, Peter J White, Sanaa Zaki
Background: New educational approaches are needed to improve student understanding of the wider sociological and ecological determinants of health as well as professional responsibilities in related areas. Field trips allow students to observe interaction between plant, animal and human communities, making them an ideal tool for teaching One Health concepts. Methods: Veterinary medical students participated in a field trip to a local parklands area, frequented by humans, dogs, horses, and wildlife...
June 2018: One Health
Ayodele O Majekodunmi, Charles Dongkum, Christopher Idehen, Dachung Tok Langs, Susan C Welburn
Fulani pastoralists in Nigeria lack adequate access to good quality veterinary services and often resort to treating their animals themselves. There are several negative aspects to this, including poor treatment outcomes, misuse of veterinary drugs and subsequent resistance, and further barriers to good relations between pastoralists and veterinary services. A participatory epidemiology survey was undertaken in Fulani communities, to examine their ability to diagnose and treat bovine diseases. Qualitative participatory epidemiology techniques including semi-structured interviews, ranking and participant and non-participant observations were used for data collection...
June 2018: One Health
Paul R Torgerson, Simon Rüegg, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Arie H Havelaar, Alexandra P M Shaw, Jonathan Rushton, Niko Speybroeck
The burden of human diseases in populations, or for an individual, is frequently estimated in terms of one of a number of Health Adjusted Life Years (HALYs). The Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALY) is a widely accepted HALY metric and is used by the World Health Organization and the Global Burden of Disease studies. Many human diseases are of animal origin and often cause ill health and production losses in domestic animals. The economic losses due to disease in animals are usually estimated in monetary terms...
June 2018: One Health
Rafael Ruiz de Castañeda, Amanda Garrison, Philippe Haeberli, Lisa Crump, Jakob Zinsstag, André Ravel, Antoine Flahault, Isabelle Bolon
In 2016 and 2017 the first three MOOCs (Massive Online Open Course) addressing One Health were released, two of them by University of Geneva and University of Basel (Switzerland). With the support of Swiss School of Public Health and using these two highly interdisciplinary MOOCs, the first 'Global Flipped Classroom in One Health' was organized in Geneva and Basel in July 2017. This innovative event gathered 12 Swiss and international MOOC learners to work on specific public/global health challenges at the human-animal-ecosystem interface in interdisciplinary teams supported by experts from academia and international organisations (e...
June 2018: One Health
Melinda K Rostal, Noam Ross, Catherine Machalaba, Claudia Cordel, Janusz T Paweska, William B Karesh
One Health has been promoted by international institutions as a framework to improve public health outcomes. Despite strong overall interest in One Health, country-, local- and project-level implementation remains limited, likely due to the lack of pragmatic and tested operational methods for implementation and metrics for evaluation. Here we use Rift Valley fever virus as an example to demonstrate the value of using a One Health approach for both scientific and resources advantages. We demonstrate that coordinated, a priori investigations between One Health sectors can yield higher statistical power to elucidate important public health relationships as compared to siloed investigations and post-hoc analyses...
June 2018: One Health
Alexandro Guterres, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos
Most human pathogenic hantaviruses cause severe hemorrhagic fevers with a high rate of fatalities, such as occurs due to the genotypes causing hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome carried by the New World Sigmodontinae and Neotominae rodents. An increasing number of outbreaks and the possibility of cases spreading over international borders have led to greater interest in these viruses and the environmental determinants that facilitate their transmission. Rodents, shrews, moles and bats act as reservoir hosts of hantaviruses, and within the hantavirus transmission flow, the prevalence and distribution of infection in reservoir hosts is influenced by a range of factors...
June 2018: One Health
Médiha Khamassi Khbou, Samaher Htira, Kaouther Harabech, M'hammed Benzarti
A case-control study was conducted, aimed to describe the clinical human brucellosis (CHB) pattern during 2015 in the Gafsa region (Southwest Tunisia) and to investigate the main risk factors involved in the disease occurrence. One hundred and four CHB cases were notified in 2015 in Gafsa district. All CHB cases that own ruminants were contacted, but only 32 accepted to participate in a matched case-control study. Thirty-two and thirty-one CHB cases and controls, respectively, were included in the study. The subjects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire...
June 2018: One Health
Mitesh Mittal, Vikas Sharma, Kapil Nehra, Soumendu Chakravarti, Krishnendu Kundu, V K Bansal, C P Churamani, Anil Kumar
The present study was undertaken over a three year period (2012-2014) in an organized dairy farm located in North India to ascertain Brucella abortus as the putative cause of abortion. The dairy farm maintained cattle of Frieswal, Crossbred and Sahiwal breeds and followed calf-hood vaccination with Brucella abortus Strain 19 live vaccine in all the heifers. Even with the recommended vaccination schedule and good managemental practices in place, 88 cases of abortions clinically suspected of bovine brucellosis (40 from Frieswal breed, 17 from Crossbred cattle and 31 from Sahiwal breed) were reported from this farm...
June 2018: One Health
Amanda M Berrian, Martin H Smith, Jacques van Rooyen, Beatriz Martínez-López, Monica N Plank, Woutrina A Smith, Patricia A Conrad
The interface between humans, domestic animals, and wildlife has been implicated in the emergence of infectious diseases and the persistence of endemic human and animal diseases. For individuals who reside at this interface, particularly those in low-resource settings, the development of disease risk assessment and mitigation skills must be prioritized. Using a community engagement-One Health approach, we implemented a training program aimed at advancing these skills among agro-pastoralists living adjacent to conservation areas in South Africa...
June 2018: One Health
Anna George
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: One Health
Ian H Mendenhall, Maggie M Skiles, Erica Sena Neves, Sophie A Borthwick, Dolyce H W Low, Benjamin Liang, Benjamin P Y-H Lee, Yvonne C F Su, Gavin J D Smith
Bats are unique mammals that are reservoirs of high levels of virus diversity. Although several of these viruses are zoonotic, the majority are not. Astroviruses, transmitted fecal-orally, are commonly detected in a wide diversity of bat species, are prevalent at high rates and are not thought to directly infect humans. These features make astroviruses useful in examining virus evolutionary history, epidemiology in the host, and temporal shedding trends. Our study screened for the presence of astroviruses in bats in Singapore, reconstructed the phylogenetic relations of the polymerase genes and tested for population characteristics associated with infection...
December 2017: One Health
Kyle LeStrange, Sarah M Markland, Dallas G Hoover, Manan Sharma, Kalmia E Kniel
Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) cause disease primarly in poultry; however, the link between APEC and infections in humans is questionable. In this current study, a total of 100 APEC strains isolated from chickens in Delmarva were evaluated for the presence of virulence genes to investigate their zoonotic potential in humans. A total of 28 isolates possessed one Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) virulence factor each and 87 isolates possessed up to 5 extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) virulence factors...
December 2017: One Health
Meghan F Davis, Shelley C Rankin, Janna M Schurer, Stephen Cole, Lisa Conti, Peter Rabinowitz
One Health is defined as the intersection and integration of knowledge regarding humans, animals, and the environment, yet as the One Health scientific literature expands, there is considerable heterogeneity of approach and quality of reporting in One Health studies. In addition, many researchers who publish such studies do not include or integrate data from all three domains of human, animal, and environmental health. This points to a critical need to unify guidelines for One Health studies. This report details the Checklist for One Health Epidemiological Reporting of Evidence (COHERE) to guide the design and publication format of future One Health studies...
December 2017: One Health
Ernest Gould, John Pettersson, Stephen Higgs, Remi Charrel, Xavier de Lamballerie
The recent global (re)emergence of arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses), such as chikungunya and Zika virus, was widely reported in the media as though it was a new phenomenon. This is not the case. Arboviruses and other human microbial pathogens have been (re)emerging for centuries. The major difference today is that arbovirus emergence and dispersion are more rapid and geographically extensive, largely due to intensive growth of global transportation systems, arthropod adaptation to increasing urbanisation, our failure to contain mosquito population density increases and land perturbation...
December 2017: One Health
Barbara Glover, Jeanette Wentzel, Akinbowale Jenkins, Moritz Van Vuuren
The aim of this study was to determine the resistance phenotypes of selected enteric bacteria isolated from non-human primates at a wildlife-human interface. Bacterial isolates from faecal samples of non-human primates at two wildlife rehabilitation centres in South Africa were screened for the presence of Escherichia coli. The biochemical characterisation of E. coli and E. coli-like bacteria revealed both adonitol positive and sorbitol negative strains - a unique characteristic of Escherichia fergusonii and Escherichia coli K99...
June 2017: One Health
Felicity A Smout, Lee F Skerratt, James R A Butler, Christopher N Johnson, Bradley C Congdon, R C Andrew Thompson
Ancylostoma ceylanicum is the common hookworm of domestic dogs and cats throughout Asia, and is an emerging but little understood public health risk in tropical northern Australia. We investigated the prevalence of A. ceylanicum in soil and free-ranging domestic dogs at six rainforest locations in Far North Queensland that are Indigenous Australian communities and popular tourist attractions within the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. By combining PCR-based techniques with traditional methods of hookworm species identification, we found the prevalence of hookworm in Indigenous community dogs was high (96...
June 2017: One Health
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