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Global Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632683/community-strengthening-and-mental-health-system-linking-after-flooding-in-two-informal-human-settlements-in-peru-a-model-for-small-scale-disaster-response
#1
C Contreras, M Aguilar, B Eappen, C Guzmán, P Carrasco, A K Millones, J T Galea
Background: Mental health is an important factor in responding to natural disasters. Observations of unmet mental health needs motivated the subsequent development of a community-based mental health intervention following one such disaster affecting Peru in 2017. Methods: Two informal human settlements on the outskirts of Lima were selected for a mental health intervention that included: (1) screening for depression and domestic violence, (2) children's activities to strengthen social and emotional skills and diminish stress, (3) participatory theater activities to support conflict resolution and community resilience, and (4) community health worker (CHW) accompaniment to government health services...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29632682/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-targeting-men-s-alcohol-use-and-family-relationships-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
REVIEW
Ali Giusto, Eve Puffer
Background: Problem drinking accounts for 9.6% of disability-adjusted life years worldwide. It disproportionally affects men and has disabling physical, psychological, and behavioral consequences. These can lead to a cascade of negative effects on men's families, with documented ties to intimate partner violence (IPV) and child maltreatment. These multi-level problems are often exacerbated where poverty rates are high, including low and middle-income countries (LMICs). In contexts where strong patriarchal norms place men in positions of power, family-level consequences are often even more pronounced...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507745/interpersonal-violence-and-suicidality-among-former-child-soldiers-and-war-exposed-civilian-children-in-nepal
#3
Anvita Bhardwaj, Christine Bourey, Sauharda Rai, Ramesh Prasad Adhikari, Carol M Worthman, Brandon A Kohrt
Background: Suicide risk reduction is crucial for 15-29-year-old youth, who account for 46% of suicide deaths in low- and middle-income countries. Suicide predictors in high-resource settings, specifically depression, do not adequately predict suicidality in these settings. We explored if interpersonal violence (IPV) was associated with suicidality, independent of depression, in Nepal. Methods: A longitudinal cohort of child soldiers and matched civilian children, enrolled in 2007 after the People's War in Nepal, were re-interviewed in 2012...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507744/mental-health-interventions-in-myanmar-a-review-of-the-academic-and-gray-literature
#4
REVIEW
A J Nguyen, C Lee, M Schojan, P Bolton
Background: Recent political changes in Myanmar provide opportunities to expand mental health (MH) services. Given Myanmar's unique situation, we felt a need to assemble and interpret available local information on MH in Myanmar to inform service design, rather than simply drawing lessons from other countries. We reviewed academic and gray literature on the experience of MH problems in Myanmar and the suitability, availability, and effectiveness of MH and psychosocial programming. Methods: We searched: (1) Google Scholar; (2) PubMed; (3) PsychInfo; (4) English-language Myanmar journals and databases; (5) the Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) Network resources website; (6) websites and (7) local contacts of organizations identified during 2010 and 2013 mapping exercise of MHPSS providers; (8) the Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) website; (9) University libraries in Yangon and Mandalay; and (10) identified local MH professionals...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507743/effect-of-transporting-an-evidence-based-violence-prevention-intervention-to-jamaican-preschools-on-teacher-and-class-wide-child-behaviour-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#5
H Baker-Henningham, S Walker
Introduction: Based on extensive piloting work, we adapted the Incredible Years (IY) teacher-training programme to the Jamaican preschool setting and evaluated this adapted version through a cluster-randomised trial. Methods: Twenty-four community preschools in Kingston, Jamaica were randomly assigned to intervention (12 schools, 37 teachers) or control (12 schools, 36 teachers). The intervention involved training teachers in classroom management through eight full-day training workshops and four individual 1-h in-class support sessions...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507742/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-brief-multicomponent-intervention-provided-by-lay-health-workers-for-women-affected-by-adversity-in-urban-kenya
#6
Edith Van't Hof, Katie S Dawson, Alison Schafer, Anna Chiumento, Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Marit Sijbrandij, Richard A Bryant, Dorothy Anjuri, Phiona Koyiet, Lincoln Ndogoni, Jeannette Ulate, Mark van Ommeren
Background: Problem Management Plus (PM+) is a brief multicomponent intervention incorporating behavioral strategies delivered by lay health workers. The effectiveness of PM+ has been evaluated in randomized controlled trials in Kenya and Pakistan. When developing interventions for large-scale implementation it is considered essential to evaluate their feasibility and acceptability in addition to their efficacy. This paper discusses a qualitative evaluation of PM+ for women affected by adversity in Kenya...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507741/special-issue-e-health-innovations-for-global-mental-health
#7
EDITORIAL
T Donker, A Kleiboer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435354/evaluating-the-benefits-of-a-youth-mental-health-curriculum-for-students-in-nicaragua-a-parallel-group-controlled-pilot-investigation
#8
Arun V Ravindran, Andres Herrera, Tricia L da Silva, Joanna Henderson, Magda Esther Castrillo, Stan Kutcher
Background: High rates of mental illness and addictions are well documented among youth in Nicaragua. Limited mental health services, poor mental health knowledge and stigma reduce help-seeking. The Mental Health Curriculum (MHC) is a Canadian school-based program that has shown a positive impact on such contributing factors. This pilot project evaluated the impact of the MHC on mental wellness and functioning among youth in Leon, Nicaragua. Methods: High school and university students (aged 14-25 years) were assigned to intervention (12-week MHC; n   =  567) and control (wait-list; n   =  346) groups in a non-randomized design...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435353/exploring-links-between-common-mental-health-problems-alcohol-substance-use-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-rapid-ethnographic-assessment-with-men-in-urban-kenya
#9
A Schafer, P Koyiet
Introduction: Kenya has some of the highest rates of gender-based violence (GBV) in the world, particularly intimate partner violence. World Vision completed a rapid ethnographic assessment to explore common problems faced by men and local perspectives about the links between men, mental health, alcohol use and GBV. Methods: Data from community free-listing surveys ( n  = 52), four focus group discussions and two key informant interviews formed the basis for thematic analysis and findings...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435352/how-gender-and-violence-related-norms-affect-self-esteem-among-adolescent-refugee-girls-living-in-ethiopia
#10
L Stark, K Asghar, I Seff, B Cislaghi, G Yu, T Tesfay Gessesse, J Eoomkham, A Assazenew Baysa, K Falb
Background: Evidence suggests adolescent self-esteem is influenced by beliefs of how individuals in their reference group perceive them. However, few studies examine how gender- and violence-related social norms affect self-esteem among refugee populations. This paper explores relationships between gender inequitable and victim-blaming social norms, personal attitudes, and self-esteem among adolescent girls participating in a life skills program in three Ethiopian refugee camps. Methods: Ordinary least squares multivariable regression analysis was used to assess the associations between attitudes and social norms, and self-esteem...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435351/the-impact-of-the-2014-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-liberia-on-parent-preferences-for-harsh-discipline-practices-a-quasi-experimental-pre-post-design
#11
Eric Green, Rhea M Chase, John Zayzay, Amy Finnegan, Eve S Puffer
Background: This paper uses data from a cohort of parents and guardians of young children living in Monrovia, Liberia collected before and after the 2014 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) to estimate the impact of EVD exposure on implicit preferences for harsh discipline. We hypothesized that parents exposed to EVD-related sickness or death would exhibit a stronger preference for harsh discipline practices compared with non-exposed parents. Methods: The data for this analysis come from two survey rounds conducted in Liberia as part of an intervention trial of a behavioral parenting skills intervention...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299333/intergenerational-transmission-of-violence-and-resilience-in-conflict-affected-burundi-a-qualitative-study-of-why-some-children-thrive-despite-duress
#12
L H Berckmoes, J T V M de Jong, R Reis
Background: Research suggests that in environments where community conflict and violence are chronic or cyclical, caregiving can impact how children may begin to reproduce violence throughout the various stages of their lives. The aim of this study is to understand how caregiving affects processes of reproducing violence and resilience among children in conflict-affected Burundi. Methods: We combined a socio-ecological model of child development with a child-actor perspective...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270301/mental-health-service-user-experiences-of-targeted-violence-and-hostility-and-help-seeking-in-the-uk-a-scoping-review
#13
Sarah Carr, Jessica Holley, Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Alison Faulkner, Dorothy Gould, Christine Khisa, Claudia Megele
Background: The aim of this research scoping review was to assemble an evidence base for the UK on mental health service user experiences and perspectives on mental health-related targeted violence and hostility ('disability hate crime'). It also aims to address some of the gaps in the knowledge on risk management, help-seeking and prevention from the perspectives of those who experienced targeted violence and hostility because of their mental health problems or psychiatric status. Methods: Seven key mental health and social care bibliographic databases were searched for relevant UK research studies from 1990 until 2016...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230320/factors-promoting-and-inhibiting-sustained-impact-of-a-mental-health-task-shifting-program-for-hiv-providers-in-ethiopia
#14
D Jerene, M Biru, A Teklu, T Rehman, A Ruff, L Wissow
Background: Task-shifting mental health into general medical care requires more than brief provider training. Generalists need long-term support to master new skills and changes to work context are required to sustain change in the face of competing priorities. We examined program and context factors promoting sustainability of a mental health task-shifting training for hospital-based HIV providers in Ethiopia. Methods: Convergent mixed-methods quasi-experimental study...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230319/knowledge-gaps-in-implementing-global-mental-health-activities
#15
EDITORIAL
S Saxena, G Belkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230318/reducing-ptsd-symptoms-through-a-gender-norms-and-economic-empowerment-intervention-to-reduce-intimate-partner-violence-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#16
J Annan, K Falb, D Kpebo, M Hossain, J Gupta
Background: Women living in war-affected contexts face high levels of gender-based violence, including intimate partner violence (Stark & Ager, 2011). Despite well-documented negative consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Garcia-Moreno et al. 2006; Steel et al. 2009), evidence remains thin regarding intervention effectiveness to mitigate consequences in these settings. Methods: This study used a two-armed parallel pilot randomized controlled trial to compare the impact of a group savings only (control) to gender dialogue groups added to group savings (treatment) on women's symptoms of PTSD in northwestern Côte d'Ivoire...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230317/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-universal-screening-and-referral-protocol-for-gender-based-violence-with-women-seeking-care-in-health-clinics-in-dadaab-refugee-camps-in-kenya
#17
A Vu, A L Wirtz, S Bundgaard, A Nair, G Luttah, S Ngugi, N Glass
Background: Gender-based violence (GBV) is both a global public health problem and violation of human rights. Refugees and internally displaced persons experience an increased risk of GBV and health outcomes associated with GBV are often exacerbated in conflict settings. Methods: A mixed methods study to examine the feasibility and acceptability of universal screening for GBV in a refugee population in the Dadaab refugee camp of Kenya, using the ASIST-GBV from January to July 2015...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230316/converging-on-child-mental-health-toward-shared-global-action-for-child-development
#18
G Belkin, L Wissow, C Lund, L Aber, Z Bhutta, M Black, C Kieling, S McGregor, A Rahman, C Servili, S Walker, H Yoshikawa
We are a group of researchers and clinicians with collective experience in child survival, nutrition, cognitive and social development, and treatment of common mental conditions. We join together to welcome an expanded definition of child development to guide global approaches to child health and overall social development. We call for resolve to integrate maternal and child mental health with child health, nutrition, and development services and policies, and see this as fundamental to the health and sustainable development of societies...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230315/latent-class-analysis-of-violence-against-adolescents-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-refugee-settings-in-uganda-and-rwanda
#19
S R Meyer, G Yu, S Hermosilla, L Stark
Background: Little is known about violence against children in refugee camps and settlements, and the evidence-base concerning mental health outcomes of youth in refugee settings in low and middle-income countries is similarly small. Evidence is needed to understand patterns of violence against children in refugee camps, and associations with adverse mental health outcomes. Methods: Surveys were conducted with adolescent refugees (aged 13-17) in two refugee contexts - Kiziba Camp, Rwanda ( n = 129) (refugees from Democratic Republic of Congo) and Adjumani and Kiryandongo refugee settlements, Uganda ( n = 471) (refugees from South Sudan)...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230314/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-approach-in-reducing-violence-and-alcohol-abuse-among-families-in-zambia-study-protocol-of-the-violence-and-alcohol-treatment-vatu-trial
#20
J C Kane, S Skavenski Van Wyk, S M Murray, P Bolton, F Melendez, C K Danielson, P Chimponda, S Munthali, L K Murray
Background: Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is an urgent global health problem. Root causes for VAWG include the individual- and family-level factors of alcohol abuse, mental health problems, violence exposure, and related adverse experiences. Few studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have assessed the effectiveness of psychological interventions for reducing VAWG. This randomized controlled trial, part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls consortium, examines the effectiveness of a common elements treatment approach (CETA) for reducing VAWG and comorbid alcohol abuse among families in Zambia...
2017: Global Mental Health
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