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Allergo Journal International

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30416934/long-acting-muscarinic-antagonists-for-the-treatment-of-asthma-in-children-a-new-kid-in-town
#1
REVIEW
Eckard Hamelmann
Background: Asthma is the most prevalent chronic airway disease observed in children and adolescents, yet the variety of treatment options available for this age group is limited. With many factors influencing therapeutic efficacy including patient knowledge, adherence, and therapy choice as well as delivery device, it is important to have more options to tailor to individual patient needs. Methods: This article is an overview of recent scientific articles using a systematic literature search in PubMed and specialist databases...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294520/non-celiac-gluten-wheat-sensitivity-ncgs-a-currently-undefined-disorder-without-validated-diagnostic-criteria-and-of-unknown-prevalence-position-statement-of-the-task-force-on-food-allergy-of-the-german-society-of-allergology-and-clinical-immunology-dgaki
#2
Imke Reese, Christiane Schäfer, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Birgit Ahrens, Oliver Bachmann, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Kirsten Beyer, Stephan C Bischoff, Katharina Blümchen, Sabine Dölle, Paul Enck, Axel Enninger, Isidor Huttegger, Sonja Lämmel, Lars Lange, Ute Lepp, Vera Mahler, Hubert Mönnikes, Johann Ockenga, Barbara Otto, Sabine Schnadt, Zsolt Szepfalusi, Regina Treudler, Anja Wassmann-Otto, Torsten Zuberbier, Thomas Werfel, Margitta Worm
Within the last decade, non-celiac gluten/wheat sensitivity (NCGS) has been increasingly discussed not only in the media but also among medical specialties. The existence and the possible triggers of NCGS are controversial. Three international expert meetings which proposed recommendations for NCGS were not independently organized and only partially transparent regarding potential conflicts of interest of the participants. The present position statement reflects the following aspects about NCGS from an allergist's and nutritionist's point of view: (A) Validated diagnostic criteria and/or reliable biomarkers are still required...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30294519/scit-with-a-high-dose-house-dust-mite-allergoid-is-well-tolerated-safety-data-from-pooled-clinical-trials-and-more-than-10-years-of-daily-practice-analyzed-in-different-subgroups
#3
Ludger Klimek, Gabriele-Cornelia Fox, Susanne Thum-Oltmer
Background: Efficacy of house dust mite (HDM) allergen immunotherapy (AIT) in allergic rhinitis and controlled allergic asthma has been documented in controlled trials with adults and children. However, tolerability comparing clinical development and post marketing data, particularly in different subgroups, is missing. Methods: We performed an analysis of pooled safety data for subcutaneous AIT (SCIT) with a high-dose house dust mite allergoid from 6 randomized, controlled trials (RCT) in HDM allergic respiratory disease (ARD) and of post marketing safety data from more than 10 years including different subgroups (age, gender, asthma status)...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221124/positive-and-negative-ait-trials-what-makes-the-difference
#4
REVIEW
Roy Gerth van Wijk
Background: Allergen immunotherapy has proven to be efficacious in allergic rhinitis and asthma. However, results from randomised clinical trials may vary substantially. Clinical trials may unexpectedly fail. The purpose of this review is to discuss the possible factors that may contribute to a successful or unsuccessful study. Methods: Descriptive review exploring the possible causes of negative outcomes in allergen immunotherapy trials. Results: A series of factors may lead to negative results...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221123/placebo-effects-in-allergen-immunotherapy-an-experts-opinion
#5
REVIEW
Anthony J Frew, Oliver Pfaar
Placebo effects are common in medicine. Randomised clinical trials help us to understand their magnitude in different therapies. There are particular problems with placebo effects in allergen immunotherapy (AIT) as it is difficult to blind the active treatment and the endpoints are largely subjective. This may explain why large placebo effects are often found in AIT trials. Patients receiving open label AIT get the benefit of the active and placebo components but it can be difficult to say how much benefit is due to the active component...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974032/perioperative-drug-reactions-practical-recommendations-for-allergy-testing-and-patient-management
#6
REVIEW
Wolfgang Pfützner, Knut Brockow
Background: Allergy testing for perioperative drug reactions poses a particular diagnostic challenge. Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) and antibiotics are among the most common triggers. In principle, however, any drug administered perioperatively is capable of causing a hypersensitivity reaction. Methods: This article is an overview of selected scientific articles and is based on research in PubMed, specialist databases, and guidelines. Results: Besides patient's history and laboratory tests (the latter being feasible to only a limited extent), skin tests play a particularly important role...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974031/nsaid-hypersensitivity-recommendations-for-diagnostic-work-up-and-patient-management
#7
REVIEW
Stefan Wöhrl
Background: Adverse drug reactions (ADR) to analgesics (i.e., non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug hypersensitivity, NSAID-HS) are one of the most common ADR, affecting approximately 1.6% of all patients. Despite the fact that they are common, they still pose a diagnostic challenge. Methods: This article is an overview of selected scientific articles and is based on research in PubMed, specialist databases, and guidelines. Results: Approximately 80% of side effects are pharmacologically predictable and are classified as type A reactions, such as abdominal pain and bleeding events...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707474/vitamin-a-and-d-in-allergy-from-experimental-animal-models-and-cellular-studies-to-human-disease
#8
REVIEW
Karin Hufnagl, Erika Jensen-Jarolim
Introduction: Vitamins A and D are able to modulate innate and adaptive immune responses and may therefore influence the development and the course of allergic diseases. Materials and methods: This article reviews the current evidence for the experimental effects of vitamins A and D in vivo in animal models and on immune cells in vitro , and discusses their translational implication. A systematic literature search over the last 10 years was performed using MEDLINE and PubMed databases...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564208/subtyping-of-polyposis-nasi-phenotypes-endotypes-and-comorbidities
#9
REVIEW
Michael Koennecke, Ludger Klimek, Joaquim Mullol, Philippe Gevaert, Barbara Wollenberg
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous, multifactorial inflammatory disease of the nasal and paranasal mucosa. It has not been possible to date to develop an internationally standardized, uniform classification for this disorder. A phenotype classification according to CRS with (CRSwNP) and without polyposis (CRSsNP) is usually made. However, a large number of studies have shown that there are also different endotypes of CRS within these phenotypes, with different pathophysiologies of chronic inflammation of the nasal mucosa...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399436/current-state-of-follow-up-care-for-patients-with-hymenoptera-venom-anaphylaxis-in-southwest-germany-major-impact-of-early-information
#10
Manisha Manmohan, Sabine Müller, Michèle Myriam Rauber, Frank Koberne, H Reisch, Joachim Koster, Richard Böhm, Martin Messelken, Matthias Fischer, Thilo Jakob
Background: Up to 3.5% of the population experience anaphylactic reactions in response to Hymenoptera stings. Current guidelines are in place for the diagnostic workup and follow-up care of patients with Hymenoptera venom anaphylaxis (HVA). However, little is known about the degree of implementation of the recommendations and patient attitudes toward the recommendations in the general patient population. Methods: For the analysis of the follow-up care in real life, a retrospective questionnaire-based study was conducted in unselected patients who had received treatment from an emergency medical response team for HVA, as documented in records of three regional Medical Emergency Response Centers...
2018: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214141/new-trends-in-anaphylaxis
#11
REVIEW
Margitta Worm, Gunter Sturm, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Victoria Cardona, Ioana Maris, Sabine Dölle
This review presents the current trends in anaphylaxis management discussed at the fourth International Network for Online-Registration of Anaphylaxis (NORA) conference held in Berlin in April 2017. Current data from the anaphylaxis registry show that Hymenoptera venom, foods, and pharmaceutical drugs are still among the most frequent triggers of anaphylaxis. Rare triggers include chicory, cardamom, asparagus, and goji berries. A meta-analysis on recent trends in insect venom anaphylaxis demonstrated for the first time that, although data on the efficacy of insect venom immunotherapy is limited, the occurrence of severe reactions upon repeated sting events can be prevented and patients' quality of life improved...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104849/current-concepts-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#12
REVIEW
Dagmar Simon, Alex Straumann, Alain M Schoepfer, Hans-Uwe Simon
Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a disease entity first described in the 1990s, but showing an increasing incidence that is characterized clinically by esophageal dysfunction and histologically by a striking eosinophil infiltration. Methods: This article discusses new aspects of the pathogenesis, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of EoE. Results: EoE affects both children and adults and is frequently associated with atopic disease and IgE sensitization...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034146/course-of-respiratory-allergy-by-treatment-strategy-based-on-german-routine-data
#13
Ann-Kathrin Weschenfelder, Ludger Klimek, Norbert Mülleneisen, Harald Renz, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Thomas Werfel, Eckard Hamelmann, Jürgen Wasem, Janine Biermann
PURPOSE: Allergic respiratory diseases represent a global health problem. The two major treatment strategies are symptom treatment and specific immunotherapy (SIT). SIT is considered the only causal treatment option available with the ability to alter the course of the disease. This study aims to describe the course of disease and medication of respiratory allergy across treatment strategies and disease groups. METHODS: The analysis is based on routine data from a German statutory health insurance...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804700/abridged-version-of-the-awmf-guideline-for-the-medical-clinical-diagnostics-of-indoor-mould-exposure-s2k-guideline-of-the-german-society-of-hygiene-environmental-medicine-and-preventive-medicine-ghup-in-collaboration-with-the-german-association-of-allergists
#14
Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Birger Heinzow, Ute Aurbach, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Albrecht Bufe, Walter Buzina, Oliver A Cornely, Steffen Engelhart, Guido Fischer, Thomas Gabrio, Werner Heinz, Caroline E W Herr, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Martin Köberle, Herbert Lichtnecker, Thomas Lob-Corzilius, Rolf Merget, Norbert Mülleneisen, Dennis Nowak, Uta Rabe, Monika Raulf, Hans Peter Seidl, Jens-Oliver Steiß, Regine Szewszyk, Peter Thomas, Kerttu Valtanen, Julia Hurraß
This article is an abridged version of the AWMF mould guideline "Medical clinical diagnostics of indoor mould exposure" presented in April 2016 by the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Preventive Medicine (Gesellschaft für Hygiene, Umweltmedizin und Präventivmedizin, GHUP), in collaboration with the above-mentioned scientific medical societies, German and Austrian societies, medical associations and experts. Indoor mould growth is a potential health risk, even if a quantitative and/or causal relationship between the occurrence of individual mould species and health problems has yet to be established...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503403/diagnostics-in-hymenoptera-venom-allergy-current-concepts-and-developments-with-special-focus-on-molecular-allergy-diagnostics
#15
Thilo Jakob, David Rafei-Shamsabadi, Edzard Spillner, Sabine Müller
BACKGROUND: The high rate of asymptomatic sensitization to Hymenoptera venom, difficulty in correctly identifying Hymenoptera and loss of sensitization over time make an accurate diagnosis of Hymenoptera venom allergy challenging. Although routine diagnostic tests encompassing skin tests and the detection of venom-specific IgE antibodies with whole venom preparations are reliable, they offer insufficient precision in the case of double sensitized patients or in those with a history of sting anaphylaxis, in whom sensitization cannot be proven or only to the presumably wrong venom...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344921/german-guideline-for-the-management-of-adverse-reactions-to-ingested-histamine-guideline-of-the-german-society-for-allergology-and-clinical-immunology-dgaki-the-german-society-for-pediatric-allergology-and-environmental-medicine-gpa-the-german-association-of
#16
Imke Reese, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Kirsten Beyer, Thomas Fuchs, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Ute Lepp, Bodo Niggemann, Joachim Saloga, Christiane Schäfer, Thomas Werfel, Torsten Zuberbier, Margitta Worm
Adverse food reactions are far more often perceived than objectively verified. In our scientific knowledge on non-allergic adverse reactions including the so called histamine intolerance, there are large deficits. Due to the fact that this disorder is increasingly discussed in the media and the internet, more and more people suspect it to be the trigger of their symptoms. The scientific evidence to support the postulated link between ingestion of histamine and adverse reactions is limited, and a reliable laboratory test for objective diagnosis is lacking...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344920/six-years-of-instand-e-%C3%A2-v-sige-proficiency-testing-an-evaluation-of-in-vitro-allergy-diagnostics
#17
N Wojtalewicz, S Goseberg, K Kabrodt, I Schellenberg
BACKGROUND: Even though allergies are an important health issue, wide manufacturer-dependent differences in the detected amounts of allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) have repeatedly been found. These discrepancies hinder diagnostics and research into clinically significant cutoff points for life-threatening symptoms. METHODS: To evaluate whether the reported differences have led to changes in diagnostic testing, we analyzed data from six years of round robin testing (RRT, also known as proficiency testing) at the Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Qualitätssicherung in medizinischen Laboratorien e...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217433/visual-analogue-scales-vas-measuring-instruments-for-the-documentation-of-symptoms-and-therapy-monitoring-in-cases-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-everyday-health-care-position-paper-of-the-german-society-of-allergology-aeda-and-the-german-society-of-allergy-and-clinical
#18
Ludger Klimek, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Tilo Biedermann, Jean Bousquet, Peter Hellings, Kirsten Jung, Hans Merk, Heidi Olze, Wolfgang Schlenter, Philippe Stock, Johannes Ring, Martin Wagenmann, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Ralph Mösges, Oliver Pfaar
BACKROUND: Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control. VAS can also be used in routine patient history taking and to monitor the course of a chronic disease such as allergic rhinitis (AR). More specifically, the VAS has been used to assess effectiveness of AR therapy in real life, both in intermittent and persistent disease...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217432/cost-effectiveness-of-grass-pollen-scit-compared-with-slit-and-symptomatic-treatment
#19
Thomas Reinhold, Bernd Brüggenjürgen
BACKGROUND: Whereas specific immunotherapy (SIT) has already been shown to be cost-effective in the treatment of allergic rhinitis compared with symptomatic treatment, only a small number of investigations have compared sublingual (SLIT) and subcutaneous (SCIT) immunotherapeutic approaches. This analysis discusses the cost-effectiveness of SCIT compared with SLIT and a symptomatic treatment modality. At the same time, particular attention is paid to preparation-specific characteristics...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217431/a%C3%A2-novel-experimental-technology-for-testing-efficacy-of-air-purifiers-on-pollen-reduction
#20
Karl-Christian Bergmann, Torsten Sehlinger, Julia Gildemeister, Torsten Zuberbier
BACKGROUND: Allergenic pollen exposure is mostly seen as an outdoor phenomenon but studies have shown an indoor exposure: different pollen species including birch and grass pollen in houses, schools, and shops are leading to long-lasting symptoms even after the pollen season because pollen settle on surfaces and re-enter the indoor air depending on ventilation. To reduce indoor pollen load, windows need to be closed and devices should be used: as pure wiping and cleaning of surfaces is mostly not sufficient, air cleaners may be helpful in reducing pollen counts in indoor environment...
2017: Allergo Journal International
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