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Allergo Journal International

Thilo Jakob, David Rafei-Shamsabadi, Edzard Spillner, Sabine Müller
BACKGROUND: The high rate of asymptomatic sensitization to Hymenoptera venom, difficulty in correctly identifying Hymenoptera and loss of sensitization over time make an accurate diagnosis of Hymenoptera venom allergy challenging. Although routine diagnostic tests encompassing skin tests and the detection of venom-specific IgE antibodies with whole venom preparations are reliable, they offer insufficient precision in the case of double sensitized patients or in those with a history of sting anaphylaxis, in whom sensitization cannot be proven or only to the presumably wrong venom...
2017: Allergo Journal International
Imke Reese, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Kirsten Beyer, Thomas Fuchs, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Ute Lepp, Bodo Niggemann, Joachim Saloga, Christiane Schäfer, Thomas Werfel, Torsten Zuberbier, Margitta Worm
Adverse food reactions are far more often perceived than objectively verified. In our scientific knowledge on non-allergic adverse reactions including the so called histamine intolerance, there are large deficits. Due to the fact that this disorder is increasingly discussed in the media and the internet, more and more people suspect it to be the trigger of their symptoms. The scientific evidence to support the postulated link between ingestion of histamine and adverse reactions is limited, and a reliable laboratory test for objective diagnosis is lacking...
2017: Allergo Journal International
N Wojtalewicz, S Goseberg, K Kabrodt, I Schellenberg
BACKGROUND: Even though allergies are an important health issue, wide manufacturer-dependent differences in the detected amounts of allergen-specific IgE (sIgE) have repeatedly been found. These discrepancies hinder diagnostics and research into clinically significant cutoff points for life-threatening symptoms. METHODS: To evaluate whether the reported differences have led to changes in diagnostic testing, we analyzed data from six years of round robin testing (RRT, also known as proficiency testing) at the Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Qualitätssicherung in medizinischen Laboratorien e...
2017: Allergo Journal International
Ludger Klimek, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Tilo Biedermann, Jean Bousquet, Peter Hellings, Kirsten Jung, Hans Merk, Heidi Olze, Wolfgang Schlenter, Philippe Stock, Johannes Ring, Martin Wagenmann, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Ralph Mösges, Oliver Pfaar
BACKROUND: Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control. VAS can also be used in routine patient history taking and to monitor the course of a chronic disease such as allergic rhinitis (AR). More specifically, the VAS has been used to assess effectiveness of AR therapy in real life, both in intermittent and persistent disease...
2017: Allergo Journal International
Thomas Reinhold, Bernd Brüggenjürgen
BACKGROUND: Whereas specific immunotherapy (SIT) has already been shown to be cost-effective in the treatment of allergic rhinitis compared with symptomatic treatment, only a small number of investigations have compared sublingual (SLIT) and subcutaneous (SCIT) immunotherapeutic approaches. This analysis discusses the cost-effectiveness of SCIT compared with SLIT and a symptomatic treatment modality. At the same time, particular attention is paid to preparation-specific characteristics...
2017: Allergo Journal International
Karl-Christian Bergmann, Torsten Sehlinger, Julia Gildemeister, Torsten Zuberbier
BACKGROUND: Allergenic pollen exposure is mostly seen as an outdoor phenomenon but studies have shown an indoor exposure: different pollen species including birch and grass pollen in houses, schools, and shops are leading to long-lasting symptoms even after the pollen season because pollen settle on surfaces and re-enter the indoor air depending on ventilation. To reduce indoor pollen load, windows need to be closed and devices should be used: as pure wiping and cleaning of surfaces is mostly not sufficient, air cleaners may be helpful in reducing pollen counts in indoor environment...
2017: Allergo Journal International
Andreas L Lopata, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Sandip D Kamath
Shellfish belongs to "The Big 8" food groups causing allergy, which often does not outgrow during childhood. Shellfish is one of the main food allergens in adults and constitutes a diverse group of species subdivided into crustaceans and mollusks, which seem to include similar but also different allergens. Several pan-allergens are characterized in detail, including tropomyosin and arginine kinase, responsible for clinical cross-reactivity with other invertebrate allergen sources, embracing mites, insects, and parasites...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Reinhard Bornemann, Katharina Hagemeister, Hans-Georg Bresser, Eckard Hamelmann
BACKGROUND: Allergic diseases account for the largest proportion of chronic diseases in childhood and adolescence and place a significant burden on everyday family, social, and in particular school life. Without appropriate education, affected individuals often have little of the knowledge required to understand and deal safely with their allergic disease, and their social environment (school) generally offers insufficient information. An interdisciplinary project involving the Bielefeld Community Foundation ("Bielefelder Bürgerstiftung"), the Children's Center Bethel, and the local school authority investigated the current knowledge, possibilities for increasing that knowledge, as well as pupils' and teachers' perception of the problems experienced by fellow pupils, while at the same time collecting current prevalence figures on allergic diseases among primary school children...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Caspar Ohnmacht
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Allergo Journal International
Friedrich Altmann
A relevant proportion of allergy diagnosis is accomplished by in vitro determination of specific immunglobulin E (sIgE) to extracts from suspected allergens. Such extracts inevitably contain glycoproteins, which may react with patients' IgE. In the case of plant and insect allergens, the relevant epitope structure is an α-1,3-fucose on the Asn-linked sugar residue of so-called N-glycans. Due to their wide distribution, N-glycans carrying this epitope are known as "cross-reactive carbohydrate determinant(s)" (CCD[s])...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Danijela Apostolovic, Thi Anh Thu Tran, Maria Starkhammar, Sara Sánchez-Vidaurre, Carl Hamsten, Marianne Van Hage
In the last decade, a novel type of food allergy presenting with severe allergic reactions several hours after consumption of red meat has been recognized. The allergic responses are due to IgE antibodies directed against the carbohydrate epitope galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) found in mammalian meat. This review presents the red meat allergy syndrome in Sweden, discusses the features of the immune response to carbohydrates, and highlights the presence of heat stable α-Gal-containing proteins in meat...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Wolfgang Hemmer, Christoph Klug, Ines Swoboda
Allergy to poultry meat is rare and affects both children and adults. The prevalence of poultry meat allergy is unknown, but presumably is similar to that of red meat allergy. There is no close relationship between allergy to poultry meat and allergy to red meat. Poultry meat allergy may present as primary (genuine) food allergy or as secondary food allergy resulting from cross-reactivity. Secondary poultry meat allergy may arise in the context of bird-egg-syndrome, which is due to sensitization to serum albumins present in many tissues including muscle tissue and egg yolk (Gal d 5)...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Thomas Werfel, Annice Heratizadeh, Werner Aberer, Frank Ahrens, Matthias Augustin, Tilo Biedermann, Thomas Diepgen, Regina Fölster-Holst, Uwe Gieler, Julia Kahle, Alexander Kapp, Alexander Nast, Katja Nemat, Hagen Ott, Bernhard Przybilla, Martin Roecken, Martin Schlaeger, Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier, Jochen Schmitt, Thomas Schwennesen, Doris Staab, Margitta Worm
Atopic dermatitis (AD) represents a pruritic, non-contagious, chronic or chronically relapsing, inflammatory skin disease. The course of the disease may be complicated by bacterial or viral superinfections. The first manifestation of the disease and further flare-ups are due to genetic predisposition and also to a variety of further trigger factors. The therapy regimen should be adapted to disease symptoms that are actually present and consider individual features of the disease as reported by the patients or their parents...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Jörg Fischer, Amir S Yazdi, Tilo Biedermann
The term α-Gal syndrome describes a novel IgE-mediated immediate-type allergy to the disaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal). Its classification as a syndrome is proposed on the basis of its clinical relevance in three different fields of allergy: food, drugs, and tick bites. The main focus of the present article is on α-Gal as an eliciting allergen in food allergy. It was recently shown that immediate-type allergies to pork kidney and other mammalian innards belong to the spectrum of α-Gal syndrome...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Randolf Brehler, Ludger Klimek, Christian Vogelberg, Thomas Werfel, Oliver Pfaar, Eckard Hamelmann
The recently published S2k-guideline on (allergen-) specific immunotherapy (AIT) provides an excellent overview of the evidence on allergen preparations available for AIT in Germany based on the published efficacy studies. Publications based on the guideline are currently being used by the German associations of statutory health insurance physicians and German health insurance funds to open a discussion on the reimbursement status of allergen preparations. In our view, calling the reimbursement status of perscribable and tradable AIT preparations into question on the basis of an assessment of the current body of evidence in the guideline is to be rigidly opposed...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Marek Lommatzsch, Paul Stoll
Novel treatment strategies are currently emerging for patients with inadequately controlled asthma despite good adherence and trigger avoidance. These strategies serve primarily to reduce or completely avoid long-term oral corticosteroid therapy. A number of these options have already been implemented in practice or will soon be authorized for the treatment of asthma, while others still need to prove their clinical practicability, safety and efficacy. The present article provides an overview of the broad spectrum of novel inhaled, oral, systemic, and invasive treatment strategies for asthma...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Karl-Christian Bergmann, Joachim Heinrich, Hildegard Niemann
The lifetime prevalence of allergic diseases in adults in Germany [self-reported doctor diagnosed allergic diseases, Study on Adult Health in Germany (Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland, DEGS1, 2008-2011) of the Robert Koch Institute] is 8.6 % for asthma, 14.8 % for hay fever, 3.5 % for atopic dermatitis, 8.1 % for contact dermatitis, 4.7 % for food allergies, and 2.8 % for insect venom allergies. Almost 20 % of German adults are currently affected by at least one allergy. In tests on 50 common single allergens and two mixtures comprising either inhalant allergens or grass pollen allergens, 48...
2016: Allergo Journal International
Eva Untersmayr
The development of pharmaceutical agents such as sucralfate, histamine 2 (H2) receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) reducing gastric acidity has been a mile stone for treatment of dyspeptic disorders. However, due to current prescription habits resulting in overuse of these potent drugs as well as over-the-counter (OTC) availability associated with self-medication, substantial health concern is related to the mechanisms of drug action as well as known side effects influencing gastrointestinal physiology...
December 2015: Allergo Journal International
Jeroen Buters, Beate Alberternst, Stefan Nawrath, Maria Wimmer, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Uwe Starfinger, Heidrun Behrendt, Carsten Schmidt-Weber, Karl-Christian Bergmann
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (ragweed) is a neophyte in Europe and Germany, which originated from the United States of America. In the USA the rate of sensitization against ragweed equals that of grass pollen, and without containment the rate of allergic sensitizations against ragweed pollen will clearly increase. Currently, the most frequent sensitizations in Germany are against grass pollen, followed by sensitizations against house dust mite and birch pollen. Ragweed pollen evokes symptoms at about 10 pollen/m3, grass pollen at about 15 pollen/m3...
2015: Allergo Journal International
Thilo Jakob, Peter Forstenlechner, Paolo Matricardi, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe
The availability of single allergens and their use in microarray technology enables the simultaneous determination of specific IgE (sIgE) to a multitude of different allergens (> 100) in a multiplex procedure requiring only minute amounts of serum. This allows extensive individual sensitization profiles to be determined from a single analysis. Combined with a patient's medical history, these profiles simplify identification of cross-reactivity; permit a more accurate estimation of the risk of severe reactions; and enable the indication for specific immunotherapy to be more precisely established, particularly in cases of polysensitization...
2015: Allergo Journal International
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