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JMIR Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138127/exploring-working-relationships-in-mental-health-care-via-an-e-recovery-portal-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-of-service-users-and-health-providers
#1
Monica Strand, Deede Gammon, Lillian Sofie Eng, Cornelia Ruland
BACKGROUND: The quality of working relationships between service users and health providers is fundamental in the processes of recovery in mental health. How Internet-based interventions will influence these relationships for persons with long-term care needs, and the measures that can be taken to maintain and enhance working relationships through Internet, is still not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insights into how service users and health providers experience their working relationships when they are offered the option of supplementing ongoing collaboration with an e-recovery portal...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117933/a-web-based-study-of-dog-ownership-and-depression-among-people-living-with-hiv
#2
Abigail L Muldoon, Lisa M Kuhns, Julie Supple, Kristen C Jacobson, Robert Garofalo
BACKGROUND: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) are approximately twice as likely to be depressed compared with HIV-negative individuals. Depression is consistently associated with low antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, an important step within the HIV care continuum related to HIV disease progression and overall health. One factor that may have positive psychosocial benefits and promote ART adherence is dog ownership. Research indicates that dog ownership is associated with lower depression, and initial evidence suggests its positive impact on psychosocial outcomes for PLHIV...
November 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092809/use-of-the-internet-and-mobile-phones-for-self-management-of-severe-mental-health-problems-qualitative-study-of-staff-views
#3
Natalie Berry, Sandra Bucci, Fiona Lobban
BACKGROUND: Researchers are currently investigating the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of digital health interventions for people who experience severe mental health problems such as psychosis and bipolar disorder. Although the acceptability of digital health interventions for severe mental health problems appears to be relatively high and some people report successfully using the Internet and mobile phones to manage their mental health, the attitudes of mental health care staff toward such approaches have yet to be considered...
November 1, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089289/assessing-therapist-competence-development-of-a-performance-based-measure-and-its-comparison-with-a-web-based-measure
#4
Zafra Cooper, Helen Doll, Suzanne Bailey-Straebler, Kristin Bohn, Dian de Vries, Rebecca Murphy, Marianne E O'Connor, Christopher G Fairburn
BACKGROUND: Recent research interest in how best to train therapists to deliver psychological treatments has highlighted the need for rigorous, but scalable, means of measuring therapist competence. There are at least two components involved in assessing therapist competence: the assessment of their knowledge of the treatment concerned, including how and when to use its strategies and procedures, and an evaluation of their ability to apply such knowledge skillfully in practice. While the assessment of therapists' knowledge has the potential to be completed efficiently on the Web, the assessment of skill has generally involved a labor-intensive process carried out by clinicians, and as such, may not be suitable for assessing training outcome in certain circumstances...
October 31, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084710/qualitative-exploration-of-the-potential-for-adverse-events-when-using-an-online-peer-support-network-for-mental-health-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Katherine Easton, Jacob Diggle, Mabel Ruethi-Davis, Megan Holmes, Darian Byron-Parker, Jessica Nuttall, Chris Blackmore
BACKGROUND: Online peer support networks are a growing area of mental health support for offering social connection, identity, and support. However, it has been reported that not all individuals have a positive experience on such networks. The potential for adverse events within a moderated online peer support network is a new area of research exploration. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine if use of an online moderated peer networks leads to adverse events for users...
October 30, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066426/techniques-for-improving-communication-of-emotional-content-in-text-only-web-based-therapeutic-communications-systematic-review
#6
Christine Louise Paul, Martine Elizabeth Cox, Hannah Julie Small, Allison W Boyes, Lorna O'Brien, Shiho Karina Rose, Amanda L Baker, Frans A Henskens, Hannah Naomi Kirkwood, Della M Roach
BACKGROUND: Web-based typed exchanges are increasingly used by professionals to provide emotional support to patients. Although some empirical evidence exists to suggest that various strategies may be used to convey emotion during Web-based text communication, there has been no critical review of these data in patients with chronic conditions. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to identify the techniques used to convey emotion in written or typed Web-based communication and assess the empirical evidence regarding impact on communication and psychological outcomes...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061554/stopping-antidepressants-and-anxiolytics-as-major-concerns-reported-in-online-health-communities-a-text-mining-approach
#7
Adeline Abbe, Bruno Falissard
BACKGROUND: Internet is a particularly dynamic way to quickly capture the perceptions of a population in real time. Complementary to traditional face-to-face communication, online social networks help patients to improve self-esteem and self-help. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to use text mining on material from an online forum exploring patients' concerns about treatment (antidepressants and anxiolytics). METHODS: Concerns about treatment were collected from discussion titles in patients' online community related to antidepressants and anxiolytics...
October 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054833/pregnant-women-s-perceptions-of-the-risks-and-benefits-of-disclosure-during-web-based-mental-health-e-screening-versus-paper-based-screening-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Dawn Kingston, Anne Biringer, Sander Veldhuyzen van Zanten, Rebecca Giallo, Sarah McDonald, Glenda MacQueen, Lydia Vermeyden, Marie-Paule Austin
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women's perceptions of the risks and benefits during mental health screening impact their willingness to disclose concerns. Early research in violence screening suggests that such perceptions may vary by mode of screening, whereby women view the anonymity of e-screening as less risky than other approaches. Understanding whether mode of screening influences perceptions of risk and benefit of disclosure is important in screening implementation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the perceptions of pregnant women randomized to a Web-based screening intervention group and a paper-based screening control group on the level of risk and benefit they perceive in disclosing mental health concerns to their prenatal care provider...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051135/a-transmedia-storytelling-intervention-with-interactive-elements-to-benefit-latinas-mental-health-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy
#9
MarySue V Heilemann, Patricia D Soderlund, Priscilla Kehoe, Mary-Lynn Brecht
BACKGROUND: Latinos report higher rates of depression and anxiety than US whites but are less likely to receive care. Transmedia storytelling interventions accessible on the Internet via smartphones, tablets, and computers hold promise for reducing reluctance to explore or get help for symptoms because they are private, convenient, and can reach large numbers of people, including Latinas with mental health needs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a mental health transmedia intervention for Latinas with elevated symptoms of depression, anxiety, or both...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046270/-mydepressionlookslike-examining-public-discourse-about-depression-on-twitter
#10
E Megan Lachmar, Andrea K Wittenborn, Katherine W Bogen, Heather L McCauley
BACKGROUND: Social media provides a context for billions of users to connect, express sentiments, and provide in-the-moment status updates. Because Twitter users tend to tweet emotional updates from daily life, the platform provides unique insights into experiences of mental health problems. Depression is not only one of the most prevalent health conditions but also carries a social stigma. Yet, opening up about one's depression and seeking social support may provide relief from symptoms...
October 18, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042340/mental-and-emotional-self-help-technology-apps-cross-sectional-study-of-theory-technology-and-mental-health-behaviors
#11
Benjamin T Crookston, Joshua H West, P Cougar Hall, Kaitana Martinez Dahle, Thomas L Heaton, Robin N Beck, Chandni Muralidharan
BACKGROUND: Mental and emotional self-help apps have emerged as potential mental illness prevention and treatment tools. The health behavior theory mechanisms by which these apps influence mental health-related behavior change have not been thoroughly examined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association between theoretical behavior change mechanisms and use of mental and emotional self-help apps and whether the use of such apps is associated with mental health behaviors...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038094/transdiagnostic-psychodynamic-web-based-self-help-intervention-following-inpatient-psychotherapy-results-of-a-feasibility-study-and-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jan Becker, Robert Johansson, Ronald J Frederick, Gerhard Andersson, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders have become a major health issue, and a substantial number of afflicted individuals do not get appropriate treatment. Web-based interventions are promising supplementary tools for improving health care for patients with mental disorders, as they can be delivered at low costs and used independently of time and location. Although psychodynamic treatments are used frequently in the face-to-face setting, there has been a paucity of studies on psychodynamic Web-based self-help interventions...
October 16, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030324/exploring-the-therapeutic-affordances-of-self-harm-online-support-communities-an-online-survey-of-members
#13
Neil S Coulson, Emma Bullock, Karen Rodham
BACKGROUND: A growing number of online communities have been established to support those who self-harm. However, little is known about the therapeutic affordances arising from engagement with these communities and resulting outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the presence of therapeutic affordances as reported by members of self-harm online support communities. METHODS: In total, 94 respondents (aged 13-63 years, mean=23...
October 13, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978499/developing-social-media-based-suicide-prevention-messages-in-partnership-with-young-people-exploratory-study
#14
Jo Robinson, Eleanor Bailey, Sarah Hetrick, Steve Paix, Matt O'Donnell, Georgina Cox, Maria Ftanou, Jaelea Skehan
BACKGROUND: Social media is increasingly being used by young people for health-related issues, including communicating about suicide. Due to the concerns about causing distress or inducing suicidal thoughts or behaviors, to date young people neither have been engaged in the development of social media-based suicide prevention interventions nor have interventions focused on educating young people about safe ways to communicate about suicide online. Given the potential that social media holds to deliver messages to vast numbers of people across space and time and the fact that young people often prefer to seek help from their friends and peers, safely educating and engaging young people to develop suicide prevention messages that can be delivered via social media is an obvious next step...
October 4, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974485/development-of-a-questionnaire-to-measure-the-attitudes-of-laypeople-physicians-and-psychotherapists-toward-telemedicine-in-mental-health
#15
Peter Tonn, Silja Christin Reuter, Isabelle Kuchler, Britta Reinke, Lena Hinkelmann, Saskia Stöckigt, Hanna Siemoneit, Nina Schulze
BACKGROUND: In the field of psychiatry and psychotherapy, there are now a growing number of Web-based interventions, mobile phone apps, or treatments that are available via remote transmission screen worldwide. Many of these interventions have been shown to be effective in studies but still find little use in everyday therapeutic work. However, it is important that attitude and expectation toward this treatment are generally examined, because these factors have an important effect on the efficacy of the treatment...
October 3, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963093/effectiveness-of-optional-videoconferencing-based-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorders-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Kristine Tarp, Anders Bo Bojesen, Anna Mejldal, Anette Søgaard Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Treatment of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is characterized by an adherence rate below 50%. Clinical research has found that patient adherence enhances treatment effect; hence, health authorities, clinicians, and researchers strive to explore initiatives contributing to patients receiving treatment. Concurrently, videoconferencing-based treatment is gaining ground within other addiction and psychiatric areas. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test whether optional videoconferencing increases adherence to and effectiveness of AUD treatment in a randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
September 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951382/comparison-of-self-reported-telephone-interviewing-and-web-based-survey-responses-findings-from-the-second-australian-young-and-well-national-survey
#17
Alyssa C Milton, Louise A Ellis, Tracey A Davenport, Jane M Burns, Ian B Hickie
BACKGROUND: Web-based self-report surveying has increased in popularity, as it can rapidly yield large samples at a low cost. Despite this increase in popularity, in the area of youth mental health, there is a distinct lack of research comparing the results of Web-based self-report surveys with the more traditional and widely accepted computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI). OBJECTIVE: The Second Australian Young and Well National Survey 2014 sought to compare differences in respondent response patterns using matched items on CATI versus a Web-based self-report survey...
September 26, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931500/web-based-cognitive-remediation-improves-supported-employment-outcomes-in-severe-mental-illness-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Anthony Wf Harris, Tanya Kosic, Jean Xu, Chris Walker, William Gye, Antoinette Redoblado Hodge
BACKGROUND: Finding work is a top priority for most people; however, this goal remains out of reach for the majority of individuals with a severe mental illness (SMI) who remain on benefits or are unemployed. Supported employment (SE) programs aimed at returning people with a severe mental illness to work are successful; however, they still leave a significant number of people with severe mental illness unemployed. Cognitive deficits are commonly found in SMI and are a powerful predictor of poor outcome...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877861/assessing-the-equivalence-of-paper-mobile-phone-and-tablet-survey-responses-at-a-community-mental-health-center-using-equivalent-halves-of-a-gold-standard-depression-item-bank
#19
Benjamin B Brodey, Nicole L Gonzalez, Kathryn Ann Elkin, W Jordan Sasiela, Inger S Brodey
BACKGROUND: The computerized administration of self-report psychiatric diagnostic and outcomes assessments has risen in popularity. If results are similar enough across different administration modalities, then new administration technologies can be used interchangeably and the choice of technology can be based on other factors, such as convenience in the study design. An assessment based on item response theory (IRT), such as the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) depression item bank, offers new possibilities for assessing the effect of technology choice upon results...
September 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851674/a-validation-study-of-the-web-screening-questionnaire-wsq-compared-with-the-mini-international-neuropsychiatric-interview-plus-mini-plus
#20
Denise Meuldijk, Erik J Giltay, Ingrid Ve Carlier, Irene M van Vliet, Albert M van Hemert, Frans G Zitman
BACKGROUND: There is a need for brief screening methods for psychiatric disorders in clinical practice. This study assesses the validity and accuracy of a brief self-report screening questionnaire, the Web Screening Questionnaire (WSQ), in detecting psychiatric disorders in a study group comprising the general population and psychiatric outpatients aged 18 years and older. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the WSQ is an adequate test to screen for the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders in clinical practice...
August 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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