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JMIR Mental Health

Vera Storm, Dominique Alexandra Reinwand, Julian Wienert, Shu-Ling Tan, Sonia Lippke
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity treatment has been advocated for the prevention and rehabilitation of patients at risk of cardiovascular diseases and depressive symptoms. How physical activity is related to depressive symptoms is widely discussed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this internet-based study was to investigate the role of perceived social support in the relationship between physical activity habit strength and depressive symptoms. METHODS: In total, 790 participants (mean 50...
November 14, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Amber D DeJohn, Emily English Schulz, Amber L Pearson, E Megan Lachmar, Andrea K Wittenborn
BACKGROUND: Depression is the leading cause of diseases globally and is often characterized by a lack of social connection. With the rise of social media, it is seen that Twitter users are seeking Web-based connections for depression. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify communities where Twitter users tweeted using the hashtag #MyDepressionLooksLike to connect about depression. Once identified, we wanted to understand which community characteristics correlated to Twitter users turning to a Web-based community to connect about depression...
November 5, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Sandra Bucci, Rohan Morris, Katherine Berry, Natalie Berry, Gillian Haddock, Christine Barrowclough, Shôn Lewis, Dawn Edge
BACKGROUND: Digital technology has the potential to improve outcomes for people with psychosis. However, to date, research has largely ignored service user views on digital health interventions (DHIs). OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to explore early psychosis service users' subjective views on DHIs. METHODS: Framework analysis was undertaken with data obtained from 21 semistructured interviews with people registered with early intervention for psychosis services...
October 31, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Joanne Nicholson, Spenser M Wright, Alyssa M Carlisle, Mary Ann Sweeney, Gregory J McHugo
BACKGROUND: The disparities in employment for individuals with serious mental illnesses have been well documented, as have the benefits of work. Mobile technology can provide accessible in-the-moment support for these individuals. The WorkingWell mobile app was developed to meet the need for accessible follow-along supports for individuals with serious mental illnesses in the workplace. OBJECTIVE: We explore the usability, usage, usefulness, and overall feasibility of the WorkingWell mobile app with individuals with serious mental illnesses who are actively employed and receiving community-based services...
October 25, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Melvyn Zhang, Jiangbo Ying, Guo Song, Daniel Ss Fung, Helen Smith
BACKGROUND: Automatic biases, such as attentional biases and avoidance and interpretative biases, have been purported to be responsible for several psychiatric disorders. Gamification has been considered for cognitive bias modification, mainly to address the core issues of diminishing motivation to train over time, as bias modification intervention tasks tend to be highly repetitive. While a prior review has suggested how gamification strategies could be applied to such tasks, there remains a lack of systematic evaluation of gamified cognitive bias modification interventions in the literature...
October 25, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Samantha Cristol
This piece draws from a patient's perspective on his treatment using mobile health technology in conjunction with weekly group and individual psychotherapy. Research has demonstrated that using telepsychology as part of mental health treatment shows great promise to help advance the field of psychotherapy. Using mobile health technology such as mobile phone apps allows for collaboration with patients and their providers. This was written after several consultations with an individual diagnosed with borderline personality disorder who prefers to remain anonymous but was forthcoming with information regarding his use of mobile health technology in order to benefit the field of mental telepsychology...
October 24, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Fay Cobb Payton, Lynette Kvasny Yarger, Anthony Thomas Pinter
BACKGROUND: A growing number of college students are experiencing personal circumstances or encountering situations that feel overwhelming and negatively affect their academic studies and other aspects of life on campus. To meet this growing demand for counseling services, US colleges and universities are offering a growing variety of mental health services that provide support and services to students in distress. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we explore mental health issues impacting college students using a corpus of news articles, foundation reports, and media stories...
October 23, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Emma L Bradshaw, Baljinder K Sahdra, Rafael A Calvo, Alex Mrvaljevich, Richard M Ryan
BACKGROUND: Hello Sunday Morning (HSM) is a self-guided health promotion website with the aim to improve drinking culture. Members are encouraged to sign up for a 3-month period of alcohol abstention and record and track their progress and goals. OBJECTIVE: This study used self-determination theory (SDT) to examine the nature of goals subscribed by HSM users to test the extent to which intrinsic goal pursuit was linked to lower alcohol dependency risk and higher engagement with the HSM website...
October 22, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Nils Haller, Sonja Lorenz, Daniel Pfirrmann, Cora Koch, Klaus Lieb, Ulrich Dettweiler, Perikles Simon, Patrick Jung
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence of depressive disorders, it is mandatory to develop therapeutic strategies that provide universal access and require limited financial and human resources. Web-based therapeutic approaches fulfill these conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a supervised, individualized 8-week Web-based exercise intervention conducted for patients with moderate to severe depression...
October 12, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Winnie Ws Mak, Alan Cy Tong, Sindy Yc Yip, Wacy Ws Lui, Floria Hn Chio, Amy Ty Chan, Celia Cy Wong
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based interventions, self-compassion training, and cognitive behavioral therapy have garnered much evidence in its salutary effects on mental health. With increasing application of smartphone and mobile technology on health promotion, this study investigated the efficacy and possible moderators of mindfulness, self-compassion, and cognitive behavioral psychoeducation training mobile apps in the improvement of mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of 3 mobile app-based programs: mindfulness-based program, self-compassion program, and cognitive behavioral psychoeducation program in improving mental well-being and reducing psychological distress...
October 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Fran Calvo, Xavier Carbonell
BACKGROUND: Web-based social networks are a powerful communicative element and their use is increasingly widespread. Persons living in extreme social exclusion such as individuals experiencing homelessness can benefit from the positive elements of communication and relationship associated with social networking sites. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to suggest the comparison of a Facebook training course and an office software course and their effect on psychological well-being in a group of individuals experiencing homelessness...
October 10, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Derek Richards, Daniel Duffy, John Burke, Melissa Anderson, Sarah Connell, Ladislav Timulak
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent mental health issue that exacts significant economic, societal, personal, and interpersonal costs. Innovative internet-delivered interventions have been designed to increase accessibility to and cost-effectiveness of treatments. These treatments have mainly targeted mild to moderate levels of depression. The increased risk associated with severe depression, particularly of suicidal ideation often results in this population being excluded from research studies...
October 2, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Malene Terp, Rikke Jørgensen, Birgitte Schantz Laursen, Jan Mainz, Charlotte D Bjørnes
BACKGROUND: Literature indicates that using smartphone technology is a feasible way of empowering young adults recently diagnosed with schizophrenia to manage everyday living with their illness. The perspective of young adults on this matter, however, is unexplored. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at exploring how young adults recently diagnosed with schizophrenia used and perceived a smartphone app (MindFrame) as a tool to foster power in the everyday management of living with their illness...
October 1, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Maryam Zolnoori, Kin Wah Fung, Paul Fontelo, Hadi Kharrazi, Anthony Faiola, Yi Shuan Shirley Wu, Virginia Stoffel, Timothy Patrick
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to antidepressants is a major obstacle to deriving antidepressants' therapeutic benefits, resulting in significant burdens on the individuals and the health care system. Several studies have shown that nonadherence is weakly associated with personal and clinical variables but strongly associated with patients' beliefs and attitudes toward medications. Patients' drug review posts in online health care communities might provide a significant insight into patients' attitude toward antidepressants and could be used to address the challenges of self-report methods such as patients' recruitment...
September 30, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Julia Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ingrid Pryor, Patrick McGorry, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
BACKGROUND: Web-based mindfulness interventions are increasingly delivered through the internet to treat mental health conditions. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of web-based mindfulness interventions in clinical mental health populations. Secondary aims were to explore the impact of study variables on the effectiveness of web-based mindfulness interventions. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating the effects of web-based mindfulness interventions on clinical populations...
September 25, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Paul Matthews, Phil Topham, Praminda Caleb-Solly
BACKGROUND: SAM (Self-help for Anxiety Management) is a mobile phone app that provides self-help for anxiety management. Launched in 2013, the app has achieved over one million downloads on the iOS and Android platform app stores. Key features of the app are anxiety monitoring, self-help techniques, and social support via a mobile forum ("the Social Cloud"). This paper presents unique insights into eMental health app usage patterns and explores user behaviors and usage of self-help techniques...
September 14, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Elizabeth A Laird, Assumpta Ryan, Claire McCauley, Raymond B Bond, Maurice D Mulvenna, Kevin J Curran, Brendan Bunting, Finola Ferry, Aideen Gibson
BACKGROUND: Dementia is an international research priority. Reminiscence is an intervention that prompts memories and has been widely used as a therapeutic approach for people living with dementia. We developed a novel iPad app to support home-based personalized reminiscence. It is crucial that technology-enabled reminiscence interventions are appraised. OBJECTIVE: We sought to measure the effect of technology-enabled reminiscence on mutuality (defined as the level of "closeness" between an adult living with dementia and their carer), quality of carer and patient relationship, and subjective well-being...
September 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Juliana Onwumere, Filipa Amaral, Lucia R Valmaggia
BACKGROUND: Psychotic disorders are severe mental health conditions that adversely affect the quality of life and life expectancy. Schizophrenia, the most common and severe form of psychosis affects 21 million people globally. Informal caregivers (families) are known to play an important role in facilitating patient recovery outcomes, although their own health and well-being could be adversely affected by the illness. The application of novel digital interventions in mental health care for patient groups is rapidly expanding; interestingly, however, far less is known about their role with family caregivers...
September 5, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Alicia Heraz, Manfred Clynes
BACKGROUND: Emotions affect our mental health: they influence our perception, alter our physical strength, and interfere with our reason. Emotions modulate our face, voice, and movements. When emotions are expressed through the voice or face, they are difficult to measure because cameras and microphones are not often used in real life in the same laboratory conditions where emotion detection algorithms perform well. With the increasing use of smartphones, the fact that we touch our phones, on average, thousands of times a day, and that emotions modulate our movements, we have an opportunity to explore emotional patterns in passive expressive touches and detect emotions, enabling us to empower smartphone apps with emotional intelligence...
August 30, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
Daniel Di Matteo, Alexa Fine, Kathryn Fotinos, Jonathan Rose, Martin Katzman
BACKGROUND: It has become possible to use data from a patient's mobile phone as an adjunct or alternative to the traditional self-report and interview methods of symptom assessment in psychiatry. Mobile data-based assessment is possible because of the large amounts of diverse information available from a modern mobile phone, including geolocation, screen activity, physical motion, and communication activity. This data may offer much more fine-grained insight into mental state than traditional methods, and so we are motivated to pursue research in this direction...
August 29, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
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