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JMIR Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684386/patient-driven-innovation-for-mobile-mental-health-technology-case-report-of-symptom-tracking-in-schizophrenia
#1
EDITORIAL
John Torous, Spencer Roux
This patient perspective piece presents an important case at the intersection of mobile health technology, mental health, and innovation. The potential of digital technologies to advance mental health is well known, although the challenges are being increasingly recognized. Making mobile health work for mental health will require broad collaborations. We already know that those who experience mental illness are excited by the potential technology, with many actively engaged in research, fundraising, advocacy, and entrepreneurial ventures...
July 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666976/preferences-for-internet-based-mental-health-interventions-in-an-adult-online-sample-findings-from-an-online-community-survey
#2
Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive evidence that Internet interventions are effective in treating mental health problems, uptake of Internet programs is suboptimal. It may be possible to make Internet interventions more accessible and acceptable through better understanding of community preferences for delivery of online programs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess community preferences for components, duration, frequency, modality, and setting of Internet interventions for mental health problems...
June 30, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659259/initial-progress-toward-development-of-a-voice-based-computer-delivered-motivational-intervention-for-heavy-drinking-college-students-an-experimental-study
#3
Christopher W Kahler, William J Lechner, James MacGlashan, Tyler B Wray, Michael L Littman
BACKGROUND: Computer-delivered interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing alcohol consumption in heavy drinking college students. However, these computer-delivered interventions rely on mouse, keyboard, or touchscreen responses for interactions between the users and the computer-delivered intervention. The principles of motivational interviewing suggest that in-person interventions may be effective, in part, because they encourage individuals to think through and speak aloud their motivations for changing a health behavior, which current computer-delivered interventions do not allow...
June 28, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655705/use-of-new-technologies-in-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-europe-an-exploratory-study
#4
Juan-Luis Muñoz-Sánchez, Carmen Delgado, Andrés Sánchez-Prada, Mercedes Pérez-López, Manuel A Franco-Martín
BACKGROUND: New technologies are an integral component of today's society and can complement existing suicide prevention programs. Here, we analyzed the use of new technologies in the prevention of suicide in 8 different European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the opinions of professionals in incorporating such resources into the design of a suicide prevention program for the region of Zamora in Spain. This investigation, encompassed within the European project entitled European Regions Enforcing Actions against Suicide (EUREGENAS), includes 11 regions from 8 different countries and attempts to advance the field of suicide prevention in Europe...
June 27, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655704/the-living-the-example-social-media-substance-use-prevention-program-a-pilot-evaluation
#5
William Evans, Elizabeth Andrade, Sandra Goldmeer, Michelle Smith, Jeremy Snider, Gunilla Girardo
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance use rates in rural areas of the United States, such as upstate New York, have risen substantially in recent years, calling for new intervention approaches in response to this trend. The Mentor Foundation USA conducts the Living the Example (LTE) campaign to engage youth in prevention using an experiential approach. As part of LTE, youth create their own prevention messages following a training curriculum in techniques for effective messaging and then share them via social media...
June 27, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645891/health-app-use-among-individuals-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-survey-study-with-thematic-coding
#6
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, David C Mohr, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Researchers have largely turned to commercial app stores, randomized trials, and systematic reviews to make sense of the mHealth landscape. Few studies have approached understanding by collecting information from target end users. The end user perspective is critical as end user interest in and use of mHealth technologies will ultimately drive the efficacy of these tools. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain information from end users of mHealth technologies to better understand the physical and mental health apps people use and for what purposes...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645887/perspectives-of-family-members-on-using-technology-in-youth-mental-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#7
Shalini Lal, Winnie Daniel, Lysanne Rivard
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of family members on the use of ICTs to deliver mental health services to youth within the context of specialized early intervention for a first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596145/supporting-homework-compliance-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-essential-features-of-mobile-apps
#8
Wei Tang, David Kreindler
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the most effective psychotherapy modalities used to treat depression and anxiety disorders. Homework is an integral component of CBT, but homework compliance in CBT remains problematic in real-life practice. The popularization of the mobile phone with app capabilities (smartphone) presents a unique opportunity to enhance CBT homework compliance; however, there are no guidelines for designing mobile phone apps created for this purpose. Existing literature suggests 6 essential features of an optimal mobile app for maximizing CBT homework compliance: (1) therapy congruency, (2) fostering learning, (3) guiding therapy, (4) connection building, (5) emphasis on completion, and (6) population specificity...
June 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588005/delivering-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-young-adults-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-using-a-fully-automated-conversational-agent-woebot-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Alison Darcy, Molly Vierhile
BACKGROUND: Web-based cognitive-behavioral therapeutic (CBT) apps have demonstrated efficacy but are characterized by poor adherence. Conversational agents may offer a convenient, engaging way of getting support at any time. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a fully automated conversational agent to deliver a self-help program for college students who self-identify as having symptoms of anxiety and depression...
June 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566265/computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-treat-emotional-distress-after-stroke-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sara K Simblett, Matthew Yates, Adam P Wagner, Peter Watson, Fergus Gracey, Howard Ring, Andrew Bateman
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common complications following stroke. Symptoms could be treatable with psychological therapy, but there is little research on its efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate (1) the acceptability and feasibility of computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) to treat symptoms of depression and anxiety and (2) a trial design for comparing the efficacy of cCBT compared with an active comparator. METHODS: Of the total 134 people screened for symptoms of depression and anxiety following stroke, 28 were cluster randomized in blocks with an allocation ratio 2:1 to cCBT (n=19) or an active comparator of computerized cognitive remediation therapy (cCRT, n=9)...
May 31, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559228/who-is-more-likely-to-use-the-internet-for-health-behavior-change-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-internet-use-among-smokers-and-nonsmokers-who-are-orthopedic-trauma-patients
#11
Sam McCrabb, Amanda L Baker, John Attia, Zsolt J Balogh, Natalie Lott, Kerrin Palazzi, Justine Naylor, Ian A Harris, Christopher Doran, Johnson George, Luke Wolfenden, Eliza Skelton, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: eHealth presents opportunities to provide population groups with accessible health interventions, although knowledge about Internet access, peoples' interest in using the Internet for health, and users' characteristics are required prior to eHealth program development. OBJECTIVE: This study surveyed hospital patients to examine rates of Internet use, interest in using the Internet for health, and respondent characteristics related to Internet use and interest in using the Internet for health...
May 30, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554880/diversity-in-emental-health-practice-an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-service-providers
#12
Jennifer Bird, Darlene Rotumah, James Bennett-Levy, Judy Singer
BACKGROUND: In Australia, mental health services are undergoing major systemic reform with eMental Health (eMH) embedded in proposed service models for all but those with severe mental illness. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander service providers have been targeted as a national priority for training and implementation of eMH into service delivery. Implementation studies on technology uptake in health workforces identify complex and interconnected variables that influence how individual practitioners integrate new technologies into their practice...
May 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546141/clinical-insight-into-latent-variables-of-psychiatric-questionnaires-for-mood-symptom-self-assessment
#13
Athanasios Tsanas, Kate Saunders, Amy Bilderbeck, Niclas Palmius, Guy Goodwin, Maarten De Vos
BACKGROUND: We recently described a new questionnaire to monitor mood called mood zoom (MZ). MZ comprises 6 items assessing mood symptoms on a 7-point Likert scale; we had previously used standard principal component analysis (PCA) to tentatively understand its properties, but the presence of multiple nonzero loadings obstructed the interpretation of its latent variables. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to rigorously investigate the internal properties and latent variables of MZ using an algorithmic approach which may lead to more interpretable results than PCA...
May 25, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526672/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-e-mental-health-interventions-to-treat-symptoms-of-posttraumatic-stress
#14
Sara Simblett, Jennifer Birch, Faith Matcham, Lidia Yaguez, Robin Morris
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress disorder characterized by unwanted intrusive re-experiencing of an acutely distressing, often life-threatening, event, combined with symptoms of hyperarousal, avoidance, as well as negative thoughts and feelings. Evidence-based psychological interventions have been developed to treat these symptoms and reduce distress, the majority of which were designed to be delivered face-to-face with trained therapists. However, new developments in the use of technology to supplement and extend health care have led to the creation of e-Mental Health interventions...
May 17, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438729/gathering-opinions-on-depression-information-needs-and-preferences-samples-and-opinions-in-clinic-versus-web-based-surveys
#15
Matthew T Bernstein, John R Walker, Kathryn A Sexton, Alan Katz, Brooke E Beatie
BACKGROUND: There has been limited research on the information needs and preferences of the public concerning treatment for depression. Very little research is available comparing samples and opinions when recruitment for surveys is done over the Web as opposed to a personal invitation to complete a paper survey. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) to explore information needs and preferences among members of the public and (2) compare Clinic and Web samples on sample characteristics and survey findings...
April 24, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396305/a-mixed-methods-study-using-a-nonclinical-sample-to-measure-feasibility-of-ostrich-community-a-web-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-program-for-individuals-with-debt-and-associated-stress
#16
Dawn Smail, Sarah Elison, Linda Dubrow-Marshall, Catherine Thompson
BACKGROUND: There are increasing concerns about the health and well-being of individuals facing financial troubles. For instance, in the United Kingdom, the relationship between debt and mental health difficulties is becoming more evident due to the economic downturn and welfare reform. Access to debt counseling services is limited and individuals may be reluctant to access services due to stigma. In addition, most of these services may not be appropriately resourced to address the psychological impact of debt...
April 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373154/internet-addiction-through-the-phase-of-adolescence-a-questionnaire-study
#17
Silvana Karacic, Stjepan Oreskovic
BACKGROUND: Adolescents increasingly use the Internet for communication, education, entertainment, and other purposes in varying degrees. Given their vulnerable age, they may be prone to Internet addiction. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify possible differences in the purpose of Internet use among adolescents with respect to age subgroup, country of residence, and gender and the distribution of Internet addiction across age subgroups. Another aim was to determine if there is a correlation between the purpose of Internet use and age and if this interaction influences the level of addiction to the Internet...
April 3, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373153/public-acceptability-of-e-mental-health-treatment-services-for-psychological-problems-a-scoping-review
#18
Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen, Jessica Kemper, Carolina Stürmer
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the deficient provision of evidence-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of mental health problems has become a global challenge across health care systems. In view of the ongoing diffusion of new media and mobile technologies into everyday life, Web-delivered electronic mental health (e-mental health) treatment services have been suggested to expand the access to professional help. However, the large-scale dissemination and adoption of innovative e-mental health services is progressing slowly...
April 3, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356241/virtual-reality-for-management-of-pain-in-hospitalized-patients-results-of-a-controlled-trial
#19
Vartan C Tashjian, Sasan Mosadeghi, Amber R Howard, Mayra Lopez, Taylor Dupuy, Mark Reid, Bibiana Martinez, Shahzad Ahmed, Francis Dailey, Karen Robbins, Bradley Rosen, Garth Fuller, Itai Danovitch, Waguih IsHak, Brennan Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Improvements in software and design and reduction in cost have made virtual reality (VR) a practical tool for immersive, three-dimensional (3D), multisensory experiences that distract patients from painful stimuli. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to measure the impact of a onetime 3D VR intervention versus a two-dimensional (2D) distraction video for pain in hospitalized patients. METHODS: We conducted a comparative cohort study in a large, urban teaching hospital in medical inpatients with an average pain score of ≥3/10 from any cause...
March 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232298/current-views-and-perspectives-on-e-mental-health-an-exploratory-survey-study-for-understanding-public-attitudes-toward-internet-based-psychotherapy-in-germany
#20
Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen, Viktor Vehreschild, Ramez M Alkoudmani
BACKGROUND: Despite the advanced development of evidence-based psychological treatment services, help-seeking persons with mental health problems often fail to receive appropriate professional help. Internet-delivered psychotherapy has thus been suggested as an efficient strategy to overcome barriers to access mental health care on a large scale. However, previous research indicated poor public acceptability as an issue for the dissemination of Internet-delivered therapies. Currently, little is known about the expectations and attitudes toward Internet-delivered therapies in the general population...
February 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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