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JMIR Mental Health

Jenny My Huen, Eliza Sy Lai, Angie Ky Shum, Sam Wk So, Melissa Ky Chan, Paul Wc Wong, Y W Law, Paul Sf Yip
BACKGROUND: Digital game-based learning (DGBL) makes use of the entertaining power of digital games for educational purposes. Effectiveness assessment of DGBL programs has been underexplored and no attempt has been made to simultaneously model both important components of DGBL: learning attainment (ie, educational purposes of DGBL) and engagement of users (ie, entertaining power of DGBL) in evaluating program effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe and evaluate an Internet-based DGBL program, Professor Gooley and the Flame of Mind, which promotes mental health to adolescents in a positive youth development approach...
October 7, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
Marcela Tiburcio, Ma Asunción Lara, Araceli Aguilar Abrego, Morise Fernández, Nora Martínez Vélez, Alejandro Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The development of Web-based interventions for substance abuse in Latin America is a new field of interest with great potential for expansion to other Spanish-speaking countries. OBJECTIVE: This paper describes a project aimed to develop and evaluate the usability of the Web-based Help Program for Drug Abuse and Depression (Programa de Ayuda para Abuso de Drogas y Depresión, PAADD, in Spanish) and also to construct a systematic frame of reference for the development of future Web-based programs...
September 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
Colin Depp, John Torous, Wesley Thompson
Recognition and timely action around "warning signs" of illness exacerbation is central to the self-management of bipolar disorder. Due to its heterogeneity and fluctuating course, passive and active mobile technologies have been increasingly evaluated as adjunctive or standalone tools to predict and prevent risk of worsening of course in bipolar disorder. As predictive analytics approaches to big data from mobile health (mHealth) applications and ancillary sensors advance, it is likely that early warning systems will increasingly become available to patients...
September 7, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
Debra Rickwood, Marianne Webb, Vanessa Kennedy, Nic Telford
BACKGROUND: The adolescent and early adult years are periods of peak prevalence and incidence for most mental disorders. Despite the rapid expansion of Web-based mental health care, and increasing evidence of its effectiveness, there is little research investigating the characteristics of young people who access Web-based mental health care. headspace, Australia's national youth mental health foundation, is ideally placed to explore differences between young people who seek Web-based mental health care and in-person mental health care as it offers both service modes for young people, and collects corresponding data from each service type...
August 25, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
Melissa Harper Shehadeh, Eva Heim, Neerja Chowdhary, Andreas Maercker, Emiliano Albanese
BACKGROUND: Cultural adaptation of mental health care interventions is key, particularly when there is little or no therapist interaction. There is little published information on the methods of adaptation of bibliotherapy and e-mental health interventions. OBJECTIVE: To systematically search for evidence of the effectiveness of minimally guided interventions for the treatment of common mental disorders among culturally diverse people with common mental disorders; to analyze the extent and effects of cultural adaptation of minimally guided interventions for the treatment of common mental disorders...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Laura Bohleber, Aureliano Crameri, Brigitte Eich-Stierli, Rainer Telesko, Agnes von Wyl
BACKGROUND: Adolescence with its many transitions is a vulnerable period for the development of mental illnesses. Establishing effective mental health promotion programs for this age group is a challenge crucial to societal health. Programs must account for the specific developmental tasks that adolescents face. Considering peer influence and fostering adolescent autonomy strivings is essential. Participation in a program should be compelling to young people, and their affinity to new technologies offers unprecedented opportunities in this respect...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Stefanie Puszka, Kylie M Dingwall, Michelle Sweet, Tricia Nagel
BACKGROUND: Electronic mental health (e-mental health) interventions offer effective, easily accessible, and cost effective treatment and support for mental illness and well-being concerns. However, e-mental health approaches have not been well utilized by health services to date and little is known about their implementation in practice, particularly in diverse contexts and communities. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to understand stakeholder perspectives on the requirements for implementing e-mental health approaches in regional and remote health services for Indigenous Australians...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Lasse Sander, Leonie Rausch, Harald Baumeister
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.2196/mental.6061.].
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Menna Brown, Noelle O'Neill, Hugo van Woerden, Parisa Eslambolchilar, Matt Jones, Ann John
BACKGROUND: Adherence to effective Web-based interventions for common mental disorders (CMDs) and well-being remains a critical issue, with clear potential to increase effectiveness. Continued identification and examination of "active" technological components within Web-based interventions has been called for. Gamification is the use of game design elements and features in nongame contexts. Health and lifestyle interventions have implemented a variety of game features in their design in an effort to encourage engagement and increase program adherence...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Lasse Sander, Leonie Rausch, Harald Baumeister
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are highly prevalent and associated with considerable disease burden and personal and societal costs. However, they can be effectively reduced through prevention measures. The Internet as a medium appears to be an opportunity for scaling up preventive interventions to a population level. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically summarize the current state of research on Internet-based interventions for the prevention of mental disorders to give a comprehensive overview of this fast-growing field...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Helané Wahbeh, Barry S Oken
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness meditation interventions improve a variety of health conditions and quality of life, are inexpensive, easy to implement, have minimal if any side effects, and engage patients to take an active role in their treatment. However, the group format can be an obstacle for many to take structured meditation programs. Internet Mindfulness Meditation Intervention (IMMI) is a program that could make mindfulness meditation accessible to all people who want and need to receive it...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Ines Hungerbuehler, Leandro Valiengo, Alexandre A Loch, Wulf Rössler, Wagner F Gattaz
BACKGROUND: There is a tremendous opportunity for innovative mental health care solutions such as psychiatric care through videoconferencing to increase the number of people who have access to quality care. However, studies are needed to generate empirical evidence on the use of psychiatric outpatient care via videoconferencing, particularly in low- and middle-income countries and clinically unsupervised settings. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of home-based treatment for mild depression through psychiatric consultations via videoconferencing...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Minnie Rai, Simone N Vigod, Jennifer M Hensel
BACKGROUND: With rising availability and use of Internet and mobile technology in society, the demand and need for its integration into health care is growing. Despite great potential within mental health care and growing uptake, there is still little evidence to guide how these tools should be integrated into traditional care, and for whom. OBJECTIVE: To examine factors that might inform how e-communication should be implemented in our local outpatient mental health program, including barriers to traditional office-based care, patient preferences, and patient concerns...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Dror Ben-Zeev, Emily A Scherer, Jennifer D Gottlieb, Armando J Rotondi, Mary F Brunette, Eric D Achtyes, Kim T Mueser, Susan Gingerich, Christopher J Brenner, Mark Begale, David C Mohr, Nina Schooler, Patricia Marcy, Delbert G Robinson, John M Kane
BACKGROUND: mHealth interventions that use mobile phones as instruments for illness management are gaining popularity. Research examining mobile phone‒based mHealth programs for people with psychosis has shown that these approaches are feasible, acceptable, and clinically promising. However, most mHealth initiatives involving people with schizophrenia have spanned periods ranging from a few days to several weeks and have typically involved participants who were clinically stable. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the viability of extended mHealth interventions for people with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders following hospital discharge...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Pia Kvillemo, Yvonne Brandberg, Richard Bränström
BACKGROUND: Interventions based on meditation and mindfulness techniques have been shown to reduce stress and increase psychological well-being in a wide variety of populations. Self-administrated Internet-based mindfulness training programs have the potential to be a convenient, cost-effective, easily disseminated, and accessible alternative to group-based programs. OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled pilot trial with 90 university students in Stockholm, Sweden, explored the feasibility, usability, acceptability, and outcomes of an 8-week Internet-based mindfulness training program...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Sebastian Hökby, Gergö Hadlaczky, Joakim Westerlund, Danuta Wasserman, Judit Balazs, Arunas Germanavicius, Núria Machín, Gergely Meszaros, Marco Sarchiapone, Airi Värnik, Peeter Varnik, Michael Westerlund, Vladimir Carli
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults are among the most frequent Internet users, and accumulating evidence suggests that their Internet behaviors might affect their mental health. Internet use may impact mental health because certain Web-based content could be distressing. It is also possible that excessive use, regardless of content, produces negative consequences, such as neglect of protective offline activities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess how mental health is associated with (1) the time spent on the Internet, (2) the time spent on different Web-based activities (social media use, gaming, gambling, pornography use, school work, newsreading, and targeted information searches), and (3) the perceived consequences of engaging in those activities...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Sally Pezaro, Wendy Clyne
BACKGROUND: Some midwives are known to experience both professional and organizational sources of psychological distress, which can manifest as a result of the emotionally demanding midwifery work, and the traumatic work environments they endure. An online intervention may be one option midwives may engage with in pursuit of effective support. However, the priorities for the development of an online intervention to effectively support midwives in work-related psychological distress have yet to be explored...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Chandan Karmakar, Wei Luo, Truyen Tran, Michael Berk, Svetha Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Although physical illnesses, routinely documented in electronic medical records (EMR), have been found to be a contributing factor to suicides, no automated systems use this information to predict suicide risk. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to quantify the impact of physical illnesses on suicide risk, and develop a predictive model that captures this relationship using EMR data. METHODS: We used history of physical illnesses (except chapter V: Mental and behavioral disorders) from EMR data over different time-periods to build a lookup table that contains the probability of suicide risk for each chapter of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Clare Samantha Rees, Rebecca Anne Anderson, Robert Thomas Kane, Amy Louise Finlay-Jones
BACKGROUND: The development and evaluation of Internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) interventions provides a potential solution for current limitations in the acceptability, availability, and accessibility of mental health care for young people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Preliminary results support the effectiveness of therapist-assisted iCBT for young people with OCD; however, no previous studies have examined the effectiveness of completely self-guided iCBT for OCD in young people...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
Hamish Fulford, Linda McSwiggan, Thilo Kroll, Stephen MacGillivray
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence relating to how information and communication technology (ICT) can be used to support people with physical health conditions. Less is known regarding mental health, and in particular, mood disorder. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a metasynthesis of all qualitative studies exploring the use of ICTs by people with mood disorder. METHODS: Searches were run in eight electronic databases using a systematic search strategy...
2016: JMIR Mental Health
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