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JMIR Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776898/implementing-internet-based-self-care-programs-in-primary-care-qualitative-analysis-of-determinants-of-practice-for-patients-and-providers
#1
Eric Hermes, Laura Burrone, Elliottnell Perez, Steve Martino, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Access to evidence-based interventions for common mental health conditions is limited due to geographic distance, scheduling, stigma, and provider availability. Internet-based self-care programs may mitigate these barriers. However, little is known about internet-based self-care program implementation in US health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of practice for internet-based self-care program use in primary care by eliciting provider and administrator perspectives on internet-based self-care program implementation...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769171/an-internet-resource-for-self-assessment-of-mental-health-and-health-behavior-development-and-implementation-of-the-self-assessment-kiosk
#2
Robert G Maunder, Jonathan J Hunter
BACKGROUND: Standardized measurement of physical and mental health is useful for identification of health problems. Personalized feedback of the results can influence health behavior, and treatment outcomes can be improved by monitoring feedback over time. However, few resources are available that are free for users, provide feedback from validated measurement instruments, and measure a wide range of health domains. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop an internet self-assessment resource that fills the identified gap and collects data to generate and test hypotheses about health, to test its feasibility, and to describe the characteristics of its users...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764797/public-attitudes-toward-guided-internet-based-therapies-web-based-survey-study
#3
Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen, Mathias Harrer, Fanny Kählke, Lara Fritsche, Christel Salewski, David Daniel Ebert
BACKGROUND: Internet interventions have been proposed to improve the accessibility and use of evidence-based psychological treatments. However, little is known about attitudes toward such treatments, which can be an important barrier to their use. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (1) determine attitudes toward guided internet interventions, (2) assess its acceptability compared with other internet-based formats, and (3) explore predictors of acceptance. METHODS: A convenience-sample Web-based survey (N=646) assessed attitudes toward guided internet therapies (ie, perceived usefulness and helpfulness, and advantage relative to face-to-face therapy), preferences for delivery modes (ie, e-preference: guided internet interventions, unguided internet interventions, or videoconferencing psychotherapy), and potential predictors of attitudes and preferences: sociodemographics, help-seeking-related variables, attachment style, and perceived stress...
May 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759960/temporal-associations-between-social-activity-and-mood-fatigue-and-pain-in-older-adults-with-hiv-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#4
Emily W Paolillo, Bin Tang, Colin A Depp, Alexandra S Rooney, Florin Vaida, Christopher N Kaufmann, Brent T Mausbach, David J Moore, Raeanne C Moore
BACKGROUND: Social isolation is associated with an increased risk for mental and physical health problems, especially among older persons living with HIV (PLWH). Thus, there is a need to better understand real-time temporal associations between social activity and mood- and health-related factors in this population to inform possible future interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine real-time relationships between social activity and mood, fatigue, and pain in a sample of older PLWH...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752254/cognitive-assessment-of-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-by-telemedicine-pilot-study
#5
Anna Carotenuto, Raffaele Rea, Enea Traini, Giovanna Ricci, Angiola Maria Fasanaro, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: Approximately 46.8 million people are living with dementia worldwide and their number will grow in the next years. Any potential treatment should be administered as early as possible because it is important to provide an early cognitive assessment and to regularly monitor the mental function of patients. Information and communication technologies can be helpful to reach and follow patients without displacing them, but there may be doubts about the reliability of cognitive tests performed by telemedicine...
May 11, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748164/harnessing-social-media-to-explore-youth-social-withdrawal-in-three-major-cities-in-china-cross-sectional-web-survey
#6
Lucia Lin Liu, Tim Mh Li, Alan R Teo, Takahiro A Kato, Paul Wc Wong
BACKGROUND: Socially withdrawn youth belong to an emerging subgroup of youth who are not in employment, education, or training and who have limited social interaction intention and opportunities. The use of the internet and social media is expected to be an alternative and feasible way to reach this group of young people because of their reclusive nature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the possibility of using various social media platforms to investigate the existence of the phenomenon of youth social withdrawal in 3 major cities in China...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739737/recovery-after-psychosis-qualitative-study-of-service-user-experiences-of-lived-experience-videos-on-a-recovery-oriented-website
#7
Anne Williams, Ellie Fossey, John Farhall, Fiona Foley, Neil Thomas
BACKGROUND: Digital interventions offer an innovative way to make the experiences of people living with mental illness available to others. As part of the Self-Management And Recovery Technology (SMART) research program on the use of digital resources in mental health services, an interactive website was developed including videos of people with lived experience of mental illness discussing their recovery. These peer videos were designed to be watched on a tablet device with a mental health worker, or independently...
May 8, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724707/ethical-issues-in-addressing-social-media-posts-about-suicidal-intentions-during-an-online-study-among-youth-case-study
#8
Sean D Young, Renee Garett
Due to the popularity of social media, researchers are increasingly conducting studies that monitor and analyze people's health-related social media conversations. Because social media users can post about any topic at any time, no known best ethical practices exist as to whether and how to monitor participants' posts for safety-related issues that might be unrelated to the study, such as expressions of suicidal intentions. This is a case study during a social media-based study on sleep and activity among freshman undergraduate students, where we by chance noticed that a student was using social media to express suicidal intentions...
May 3, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720362/team-resilience-training-in-the-workplace-e-learning-adaptation-measurement-model-and-two-pilot-studies
#9
Joel B Bennett, Michael Neeper, Brittany D Linde, Gale M Lucas, Lindsay Simone
BACKGROUND: The majority of resilience interventions focus on the individual. Workplace resilience is a growing field of research. Given the ever-increasing interconnectedness in businesses, teamwork is a guarantee. There is also growing recognition that resilience functions at the team level. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our work was to address three shortcomings in the study of workplace resilience interventions: lack of interventions focusing on group-level or team resilience, the need for brief interventions, and the need for more theoretical precision in intervention studies...
May 2, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695371/worker-preferences-for-a-mental-health-app-within-male-dominated-industries-participatory-study
#10
Dorian Peters, Mark Deady, Nick Glozier, Samuel Harvey, Rafael A Calvo
BACKGROUND: Men are less likely to seek help for mental health problems, possibly because of stigma imposed by cultural masculine norms. These tendencies may be amplified within male-dominated workplaces such as the emergency services or transport industries. Mobile apps present a promising way to provide access to mental health support. However, little is known about the kinds of mental health technologies men would be willing to engage with, and no app can be effective if the intended users do not engage with it...
April 25, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685865/ethical-issues-for-direct-to-consumer-digital-psychotherapy-apps-addressing-accountability-data-protection-and-consent
#11
Nicole Martinez-Martin, Karola Kreitmair
This paper focuses on the ethical challenges presented by direct-to-consumer (DTC) digital psychotherapy services that do not involve oversight by a professional mental health provider. DTC digital psychotherapy services can potentially assist in improving access to mental health care for the many people who would otherwise not have the resources or ability to connect with a therapist. However, the lack of adequate regulation in this area exacerbates concerns over how safety, privacy, accountability, and other ethical obligations to protect an individual in therapy are addressed within these services...
April 23, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678804/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-treatment-with-telephone-support-for-postpartum-women-with-anxiety-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Miriam T Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane Rw Fisher, Susan Ayers
BACKGROUND: Postpartum anxiety can have adverse effects on the mother and child if left untreated. Time constraints and stigma are common barriers to postpartum treatment. Web-based treatments offer potential flexibility and anonymity. What Am I Worried About (WaWa) is a self-guided treatment based on cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness principles for women experiencing postpartum anxiety. WaWa was developed in Australia and consists of 9 modules with optional weekly telephone support...
April 20, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674311/-wish-you-were-here-examining-characteristics-outcomes-and-statistical-solutions-for-missing-cases-in-web-based-psychotherapeutic-trials
#13
Eyal Karin, Blake F Dear, Gillian Z Heller, Monique F Crane, Nickolai Titov
BACKGROUND: Missing cases following treatment are common in Web-based psychotherapy trials. Without the ability to directly measure and evaluate the outcomes for missing cases, the ability to measure and evaluate the effects of treatment is challenging. Although common, little is known about the characteristics of Web-based psychotherapy participants who present as missing cases, their likely clinical outcomes, or the suitability of different statistical assumptions that can characterize missing cases...
April 19, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636323/engagement-with-a-trauma-recovery-internet-intervention-explained-with-the-health-action-process-approach-hapa-longitudinal-study
#14
Carolyn M Yeager, Kotaro Shoji, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Charles C Benight
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing trend in the delivery of mental health treatment via technology (ie, electronic health, eHealth). However, engagement with eHealth interventions is a concern, and theoretically based research in this area is sparse. Factors that influence engagement are poorly understood, especially in trauma survivors with symptoms of posttraumatic stress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine engagement with a trauma recovery eHealth intervention using the Health Action Process Approach theoretical model...
April 10, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625957/development-and-feasibility-testing-of-internet-delivered-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-severe-health-anxiety-pilot-study
#15
Ditte Hoffmann, Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Brjánn Ljótsson, Lisbeth Frostholm
BACKGROUND: Severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis), or illness anxiety disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, is characterized by preoccupation with fear of suffering from a serious illness in spite of medical reassurance. It is a debilitating, prevalent disorder associated with increased health care utilization. Still, there is a lack of easily accessible specialized treatment for severe health anxiety. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this paper were to (1) describe the development and setup of a new internet-delivered acceptance and commitment therapy (iACT) program for patients with severe health anxiety using self-referral and a video-based assessment; and (2) examine the feasibility and potential clinical efficacy of iACT for severe health anxiety...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625954/youth-mental-health-services-utilization-rates-after-a-large-scale-social-media-campaign-population-based-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#16
Richard G Booth, Britney N Allen, Krista M Bray Jenkyn, Lihua Li, Salimah Z Shariff
BACKGROUND: Despite the uptake of mass media campaigns, their overall impact remains unclear. Since 2011, a Canadian telecommunications company has operated an annual, large-scale mental health advocacy campaign (Bell Let's Talk) focused on mental health awareness and stigma reduction. In February 2012, the campaign began to explicitly leverage the social media platform Twitter and incented participation from the public by promising donations of Can $0.05 for each interaction with a campaign-specific username (@Bell_LetsTalk)...
April 6, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622528/impact-of-mental-health-screening-on-promoting-immediate-online-help-seeking-randomized-trial-comparing-normative-versus-humor-driven-feedback
#17
Isabella Choi, David N Milne, Mark Deady, Rafael A Calvo, Samuel B Harvey, Nick Glozier
BACKGROUND: Given the widespread availability of mental health screening apps, providing personalized feedback may encourage people at high risk to seek help to manage their symptoms. While apps typically provide personal score feedback only, feedback types that are user-friendly and increase personal relevance may encourage further help-seeking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of providing normative and humor-driven feedback on immediate online help-seeking, defined as clicking on a link to an external resource, and to explore demographic predictors that encourage help-seeking...
April 5, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610109/improvement-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-school-aged-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-via-a-digital-smartglasses-based-socioemotional-coaching-aid-short-term-uncontrolled-pilot-study
#18
Arshya Vahabzadeh, Neha U Keshav, Joseph P Salisbury, Ned T Sahin
BACKGROUND: People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly experience symptoms related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. One-third of ASD cases may be complicated by the presence of ADHD. Individuals with dual diagnoses face greater barriers to accessing treatment for ADHD and respond less positively to primary pharmacologic interventions. Nonpharmacologic technology-aided tools for hyperactivity and inattention in people with ASD are being developed, although research into their efficacy and safety remains limited...
March 24, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567634/standalone-effects-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-using-a-mobile-phone-app-on-psychological-distress-and-alcohol-consumption-among-japanese-workers-pilot-nonrandomized-controlled-trial
#19
Toshitaka Hamamura, Shinichiro Suganuma, Mami Ueda, Jack Mearns, Haruhiko Shimoyama
BACKGROUND: Research that investigates standalone effects of a mobile phone-based cognitive behavioral therapy without any human contact for reducing both psychological distress and risky drinking has been advancing; however, the number of studies is still limited. A mobile phone app called Self Record that facilitates cognitive restructuring through self-monitoring of daily thoughts and activities was developed in Japan. OBJECTIVE: This study conducted a nonrandomized controlled pilot trial of the Self Record app to investigate standalone effects of the intervention on psychological distress and alcohol consumption among Japanese workers...
March 22, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559427/a-web-based-toolkit-to-provide-evidence-based-resources-about-crystal-methamphetamine-for-the-australian-community-collaborative-development-of-cracks-in-the-ice
#20
Katrina Elizabeth Champion, Cath Chapman, Nicola Clare Newton, Mary-Ellen Brierley, Lexine Stapinski, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Jack Nagle, Maree Teesson
BACKGROUND: The use of crystal methamphetamine (ice) and the associated harms for individuals, families, and communities across Australia has been the subject of growing concern in recent years. The provision of easily accessible, evidence-based, and up-to-date information and resources about crystal methamphetamine for the community is a critical component of an effective public health response. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to describe the codevelopment process of the Web-based Cracks in the Ice Community Toolkit, which was developed to improve access to evidence-based information and resources about crystal methamphetamine for the Australian community...
March 20, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
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