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JMIR Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931500/web-based-cognitive-remediation-improves-supported-employment-outcomes-in-severe-mental-illness-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Anthony Wf Harris, Tanya Kosic, Jean Xu, Chris Walker, William Gye, Antoinette Redoblado Hodge
BACKGROUND: Finding work is a top priority for most people; however, this goal remains out of reach for the majority of individuals with a severe mental illness (SMI) who remain on benefits or are unemployed. Supported employment (SE) programs aimed at returning people with a severe mental illness to work are successful; however, they still leave a significant number of people with severe mental illness unemployed. Cognitive deficits are commonly found in SMI and are a powerful predictor of poor outcome...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877861/assessing-the-equivalence-of-paper-mobile-phone-and-tablet-survey-responses-at-a-community-mental-health-center-using-equivalent-halves-of-a-gold-standard-depression-item-bank
#2
Benjamin B Brodey, Nicole L Gonzalez, Kathryn Ann Elkin, W Jordan Sasiela, Inger S Brodey
BACKGROUND: The computerized administration of self-report psychiatric diagnostic and outcomes assessments has risen in popularity. If results are similar enough across different administration modalities, then new administration technologies can be used interchangeably and the choice of technology can be based on other factors, such as convenience in the study design. An assessment based on item response theory (IRT), such as the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) depression item bank, offers new possibilities for assessing the effect of technology choice upon results...
September 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851674/a-validation-study-of-the-web-screening-questionnaire-wsq-compared-with-the-mini-international-neuropsychiatric-interview-plus-mini-plus
#3
Denise Meuldijk, Erik J Giltay, Ingrid Ve Carlier, Irene M van Vliet, Albert M van Hemert, Frans G Zitman
BACKGROUND: There is a need for brief screening methods for psychiatric disorders in clinical practice. This study assesses the validity and accuracy of a brief self-report screening questionnaire, the Web Screening Questionnaire (WSQ), in detecting psychiatric disorders in a study group comprising the general population and psychiatric outpatients aged 18 years and older. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the WSQ is an adequate test to screen for the presence of depressive and anxiety disorders in clinical practice...
August 29, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827214/mobile-mindfulness-intervention-on-an-acute-psychiatric-unit-feasibility-and-acceptability-study
#4
Lisa A Mistler, Dror Ben-Zeev, Elizabeth Carpenter-Song, Mary F Brunette, Matthew J Friedman
BACKGROUND: Aggression and violence on acute psychiatric inpatient units is extensive and leads to negative sequelae for staff and patients. With increasingly acute inpatient milieus due to shorter lengths of stay, inpatient staff is limited in training and time to be able to provide treatments. Mobile technology provides a new platform for offering treatment on such units, but it has not been tested for feasibility or usability in this particular setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of a brief mindfulness meditation mobile phone app intended to reduce anger and aggression in acute psychiatric inpatients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or bipolar disorder, and a history of violence...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798012/internet-delivered-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-children-with-pain-related-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-feasibility-study
#5
Maria Lalouni, Brjánn Ljótsson, Marianne Bonnert, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Jens Högström, Eva Serlachius, Ola Olén
BACKGROUND: Pain-related functional gastrointestinal disorders (P-FGIDs; eg, irritable bowel syndrome) are highly prevalent in children and associated with low quality of life, anxiety, and school absence. Treatment options are scarce, and there is a need for effective and accessible treatments. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (Internet-CBT) based on exposure exercises is effective for adult and adolescent irritable bowel syndrome, but it has not been evaluated for younger children...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798009/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-brief-web-and-mobile-phone-intervention-for-men-with-depression-men-s-positive-coping-strategies-and-associated-depression-resilience-and-work-and-social-functioning
#6
Andrea Susan Fogarty, Judy Proudfoot, Erin Louise Whittle, Janine Clarke, Michael J Player, Helen Christensen, Kay Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified that men experiencing depression do not always access appropriate health services. Web-based interventions represent an alternative treatment option for men, are effective in reducing anxiety and depression, and have potential for wide dissemination. However, men do not access Web-based programs at the same rate as women. Programs with content explicitly tailored to men's mental health needs are required. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the applicability of Man Central, a new Web and mobile phone intervention for men with depression...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778839/development-and-evaluation-of-digital-game-based-training-for-managers-to-promote-employee-mental-health-and-reduce-mental-illness-stigma-at-work-quasi-experimental-study-of-program-effectiveness
#7
Sabine Elisabeth Hanisch, Ulrich Walter Birner, Cornelia Oberhauser, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
BACKGROUND: To counteract the negative impact of mental health problems on business, organizations are increasingly investing in mental health intervention measures. However, those services are often underused, which, to a great extent, can be attributed to fear of stigmatization. Nevertheless, so far only a few workplace interventions have specifically targeted stigma, and evidence on their effectiveness is limited. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a digital game-based training program for managers to promote employee mental health and reduce mental illness stigma at work...
August 4, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768607/peer-communication-in-online-mental-health-forums-for-young-people-directional-and-nondirectional-support
#8
Julie Prescott, Terry Hanley, Katalin Ujhelyi
BACKGROUND: The Internet has the potential to help young people by reducing the stigma associated with mental health and enabling young people to access services and professionals which they may not otherwise access. Online support can empower young people, help them develop new online friendships, share personal experiences, communicate with others who understand, provide information and emotional support, and most importantly help them feel less alone and normalize their experiences in the world...
August 2, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754651/a-smartphone-app-for-adolescents-with-sleep-disturbance-development-of-the-sleep-ninja
#9
Aliza Werner-Seidler, Bridianne O'Dea, Fiona Shand, Lara Johnston, Anna Frayne, Andrea S Fogarty, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common in young people and have consequences for academic, social, emotional, and behavioral development. The most effective treatment is cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), with evidence suggesting that it is efficacious even when delivered digitally. OBJECTIVE: There are no commercially available digitally delivered CBT-I programs for use by young people. The aim of this project was to develop a smartphone app that delivers CBT-I to young people to improve sleep...
July 28, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684386/patient-driven-innovation-for-mobile-mental-health-technology-case-report-of-symptom-tracking-in-schizophrenia
#10
EDITORIAL
John Torous, Spencer Roux
This patient perspective piece presents an important case at the intersection of mobile health technology, mental health, and innovation. The potential of digital technologies to advance mental health is well known, although the challenges are being increasingly recognized. Making mobile health work for mental health will require broad collaborations. We already know that those who experience mental illness are excited by the potential technology, with many actively engaged in research, fundraising, advocacy, and entrepreneurial ventures...
July 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666976/preferences-for-internet-based-mental-health-interventions-in-an-adult-online-sample-findings-from-an-online-community-survey
#11
Philip J Batterham, Alison L Calear
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive evidence that Internet interventions are effective in treating mental health problems, uptake of Internet programs is suboptimal. It may be possible to make Internet interventions more accessible and acceptable through better understanding of community preferences for delivery of online programs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess community preferences for components, duration, frequency, modality, and setting of Internet interventions for mental health problems...
June 30, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659259/initial-progress-toward-development-of-a-voice-based-computer-delivered-motivational-intervention-for-heavy-drinking-college-students-an-experimental-study
#12
Christopher W Kahler, William J Lechner, James MacGlashan, Tyler B Wray, Michael L Littman
BACKGROUND: Computer-delivered interventions have been shown to be effective in reducing alcohol consumption in heavy drinking college students. However, these computer-delivered interventions rely on mouse, keyboard, or touchscreen responses for interactions between the users and the computer-delivered intervention. The principles of motivational interviewing suggest that in-person interventions may be effective, in part, because they encourage individuals to think through and speak aloud their motivations for changing a health behavior, which current computer-delivered interventions do not allow...
June 28, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655705/use-of-new-technologies-in-the-prevention-of-suicide-in-europe-an-exploratory-study
#13
Juan-Luis Muñoz-Sánchez, Carmen Delgado, Andrés Sánchez-Prada, Mercedes Pérez-López, Manuel A Franco-Martín
BACKGROUND: New technologies are an integral component of today's society and can complement existing suicide prevention programs. Here, we analyzed the use of new technologies in the prevention of suicide in 8 different European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to assess the opinions of professionals in incorporating such resources into the design of a suicide prevention program for the region of Zamora in Spain. This investigation, encompassed within the European project entitled European Regions Enforcing Actions against Suicide (EUREGENAS), includes 11 regions from 8 different countries and attempts to advance the field of suicide prevention in Europe...
June 27, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655704/the-living-the-example-social-media-substance-use-prevention-program-a-pilot-evaluation
#14
William Evans, Elizabeth Andrade, Sandra Goldmeer, Michelle Smith, Jeremy Snider, Gunilla Girardo
BACKGROUND: Adolescent substance use rates in rural areas of the United States, such as upstate New York, have risen substantially in recent years, calling for new intervention approaches in response to this trend. The Mentor Foundation USA conducts the Living the Example (LTE) campaign to engage youth in prevention using an experiential approach. As part of LTE, youth create their own prevention messages following a training curriculum in techniques for effective messaging and then share them via social media...
June 27, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645891/health-app-use-among-individuals-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-survey-study-with-thematic-coding
#15
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, David C Mohr, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Researchers have largely turned to commercial app stores, randomized trials, and systematic reviews to make sense of the mHealth landscape. Few studies have approached understanding by collecting information from target end users. The end user perspective is critical as end user interest in and use of mHealth technologies will ultimately drive the efficacy of these tools. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain information from end users of mHealth technologies to better understand the physical and mental health apps people use and for what purposes...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645887/perspectives-of-family-members-on-using-technology-in-youth-mental-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#16
Shalini Lal, Winnie Daniel, Lysanne Rivard
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized as having an important role in the delivery of mental health services for youth. Recent studies have evaluated young people's access and use of technology, as well as their perspectives on using technology to receive mental health information, services, and support; however, limited attention has been given to the perspectives of family members in this regard. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of family members on the use of ICTs to deliver mental health services to youth within the context of specialized early intervention for a first-episode psychosis (FEP)...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596145/supporting-homework-compliance-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-essential-features-of-mobile-apps
#17
Wei Tang, David Kreindler
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the most effective psychotherapy modalities used to treat depression and anxiety disorders. Homework is an integral component of CBT, but homework compliance in CBT remains problematic in real-life practice. The popularization of the mobile phone with app capabilities (smartphone) presents a unique opportunity to enhance CBT homework compliance; however, there are no guidelines for designing mobile phone apps created for this purpose. Existing literature suggests 6 essential features of an optimal mobile app for maximizing CBT homework compliance: (1) therapy congruency, (2) fostering learning, (3) guiding therapy, (4) connection building, (5) emphasis on completion, and (6) population specificity...
June 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588005/delivering-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-young-adults-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-using-a-fully-automated-conversational-agent-woebot-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kathleen Kara Fitzpatrick, Alison Darcy, Molly Vierhile
BACKGROUND: Web-based cognitive-behavioral therapeutic (CBT) apps have demonstrated efficacy but are characterized by poor adherence. Conversational agents may offer a convenient, engaging way of getting support at any time. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a fully automated conversational agent to deliver a self-help program for college students who self-identify as having symptoms of anxiety and depression...
June 6, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566265/computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-treat-emotional-distress-after-stroke-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Sara K Simblett, Matthew Yates, Adam P Wagner, Peter Watson, Fergus Gracey, Howard Ring, Andrew Bateman
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common complications following stroke. Symptoms could be treatable with psychological therapy, but there is little research on its efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate (1) the acceptability and feasibility of computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) to treat symptoms of depression and anxiety and (2) a trial design for comparing the efficacy of cCBT compared with an active comparator. METHODS: Of the total 134 people screened for symptoms of depression and anxiety following stroke, 28 were cluster randomized in blocks with an allocation ratio 2:1 to cCBT (n=19) or an active comparator of computerized cognitive remediation therapy (cCRT, n=9)...
May 31, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559228/who-is-more-likely-to-use-the-internet-for-health-behavior-change-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-internet-use-among-smokers-and-nonsmokers-who-are-orthopedic-trauma-patients
#20
Sam McCrabb, Amanda L Baker, John Attia, Zsolt J Balogh, Natalie Lott, Kerrin Palazzi, Justine Naylor, Ian A Harris, Christopher Doran, Johnson George, Luke Wolfenden, Eliza Skelton, Billie Bonevski
BACKGROUND: eHealth presents opportunities to provide population groups with accessible health interventions, although knowledge about Internet access, peoples' interest in using the Internet for health, and users' characteristics are required prior to eHealth program development. OBJECTIVE: This study surveyed hospital patients to examine rates of Internet use, interest in using the Internet for health, and respondent characteristics related to Internet use and interest in using the Internet for health...
May 30, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
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