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Journal of Audiology & Otology

Fatemeh Azadegan-Dehkordi, Tayyebe Bahrami, Maryam Shirzad, Gelareh Karbasi, Nasrin Yazdanpanahi, Effat Farrokhi, Mahbobeh Koohiyan, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Morteza Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori
Background and Objectives: : Autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) with genetic origin is common (1/2000 births). ARNSHL can be associated with mutations in gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2). To this end, this cohort investigation aimed to find the contribution of GJB2 gene mutations with the genotype-phenotype correlations in 45 ARNSHL cases in the Kurdish population. Subjects and Methods: : Genomic DNA was extracted from a total of 45 ARNSHL families...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Min Young Lee, Hye Ran Son, Yoon Chan Rah, Jae Yun Jung, Myung-Whan Suh
Background and Objectives: : Determination of the lesion side based on the direction of the nystagmus could result in confusions to the clinicians due to mismatch between the vestibular function tests and also between vestibular and audiologic features. To minimize these mistakes, we elucidated the clinical manifestation and vestibular function test results in cases with recovery spontaneous nystagmus (rSN). Subjects and Methods: : Patients who visited ENT clinic of tertiary referral hospital for acute onset continuous vertigo from January 2008 to December 2011 were enrolled...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Dhatri S Devaraju, Ajith Kumar U, Santosh Maruthy
Background and Objectives: : The influence of visual stimulus on the auditory component in the perception of auditory-visual (AV) consonant-vowel syllables has been demonstrated in different languages. Inherent properties of unimodal stimuli are known to modulate AV integration. The present study investigated how the amount of McGurk effect (an outcome of AV integration) varies across three different consonant combinations in Kannada language. The importance of unimodal syllable identification on the amount of McGurk effect was also seen...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Rıza Dundar, İsmail İynen
Background and Objectives: : To determine the efficacy of filling the external auditory meatus with 1% clotrimazole at a single visit for the treatment of otomycosis. Subjects and Methods: : This prospective study included 40 patients who were referred to our clinic with complaints of ear itching, pain, and fullness, and were diagnosed with unilateral otomycosis. After cleaning the mycotic hyphae from the external auditory meatus, the ear canal was filled with 1% clotrimazole, using an intravenous catheter and syringe...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Hossein Talebi, Marziyeh Moallemi, Mitra Ghorbani
Background and Objectives: : Considering important role of vitamin D in many physiological processes including vestibular system in the ear, aim of present study is to evaluate saccule function via cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP), in patients with vitamin D deficiency. Subjects and Methods: : After routine audiological tests, cVEMP were recorded in 15 patients with vitamin D deficiency and 16 normal subjects. The short tone burst (95 dB nHL, 500 Hz) was presented to ears...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Doh Young Lee, Hyun Seok Kim, So Young Kim, Kwang Suk Park, Young Ho Kim
Background and Objectives: : The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of a PC-based facial asymmetry assessment program (PC-FAAP) and to compare the results of PC-FAAP with subjective regional scoring by raters in acute unilateral peripheral facial nerve paralysis (FNP). Subjects and Methods: : Participants were divided into 3 groups with 8 participants per group: group I, normal; group II, mild to moderate FNP; and group III, severe FNP. Using the PC-FAAP, the mouth asymmetry ratio (MAR), eyebrow asymmetry ratio (EAR), and complete eye closure asymmetry ratio (CAR) were calculated by comparing the movement of tracking points on both sides...
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Mohd Normani Zakaria, Wan Najibah Wan Mohamad, Noor Alaudin Abdul Wahab, Nashrah Maamor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Jijo Pottakkal Mathai
Hearing aids are one of the rehabilitative options for individuals with late onset auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). There is a growing body of evidence that supports the effectiveness of hearing aids among these individuals. The objective of the study was to review the behavioural and electrophysiological factors that determine the effectiveness of amplification in individuals with late onset ANSD. An intensive search was carried out using the PubMed, SpringerLink and Google Scholar databases using the following keywords: auditory neuropathy, late onset ANSD, hearing aids and amplification...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Sami Obaid, Ioannis Nikolaidis, Musaed Alzahrani, Robert Moumdjian, Issam Saliba
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Controversy related to the choice of surgical approach for vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection remains. Whether the retrosigmoid (RS) or translabyrinthine (TL) approach should be performed is a matter of debate. In the context of a lack of clear evidence favoring one approach, we conducted a retrospective study to compare the morbidity rate of both surgical approaches. Subjects and. METHODS: 168 patients underwent surgical treatment (2007-2013) for VS at our tertiary care center...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Mohan Kumar Kalaiah, Alina Lasrado, Nikita Pinto, Usha Shastri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Strength of medial olivocochlear reflex can be measured reliably using contralateral inhibition of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) when its fine structure is considered. However, measurement of fine structure of DPOAE is difficult with clinical equipment. Thus, this study investigated the clinically relevant test-retest reliability of contralateral inhibition of DPOAEs. Subjects and. METHODS: Twenty-six young adults with normal hearing sensitivity participated...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Linda S Baumgartner, Ernest Moore, David Shook, Steven Messina, Mary Clare Day, Jennifer Green, Rajesh Nandy, Michael Seidman, James E Baumgartner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children is associated with neurocognitive morbidity. The cause of SNHL is a loss of hair cells in the organ of Corti. There are currently no reparative treatments for SNHL. Numerous studies suggest that cord blood mononuclear cells (human umbilical cord blood, hUCB) allow at least partial restoration of SNHL by enabling repair of a damaged organ of Corti. Our objective is to determine if hUCB is a safe treatment for moderate to severe acquired SNHL in children...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Nicole R Tran, Vinaya Manchaiah
As the population of those with mild to moderate hearing loss increases the need remains for amplification solutions. There is a trend to offer alternative amplification options beyond traditional hearing aids. Due to reduced medical risk associated with the most common types of hearing loss (i.e., presbycusis and noise induced), many individuals with such audiological configurations may have success with direct-to-consumer hearing devices (DCHD). The current paper presents a literature review of studies focused on the outcomes of DCHDs for people with hearing loss...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Reza Hoseinabadi, Akram Pourbakht, Nasrin Yazdani, Ali Kouhi, Mohammad Kamali, Farzaneh Zamiri Abdollahi, Sadegh Jafarzadeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although repositioning maneuvers have shown remarkable success rate in treatments of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), the high recurrence rate of BPPV has been an important issue. The aims of present study were to examine the effects of otolith dysfunction on BPPV recurrence rate and to describe the effect of vestibular rehabilitation exercises on BPPV recurrence in BPPV patients with concomitant otolith dysfunction. Subjects and. METHODS: Forty-five BPPV patients included in this study (three groups)...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Seyyed Jalal Sameni, Ahmad Daneshi, Akram Pourbakht, Aliakbar Tahaei, Mohammad Kamali
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In clinical masking, the plateau is a state in which the non-test ear (NTE) is completely masked by the noise and tone is heard only by the test ear (TE). At least 15 to 20 dB of plateau width is needed to obtain valid threshold. In the study, a part of plateau after initial masking level known as the minimum plateau width (mPW) was determined and compared by a new formula and the plateau searching method. Subjects and. METHODS: Minimum plateau widths of air conduction were obtained in 29 participants with unilateral and 30 participants with bilateral conductive hearing loss (CHL) aged 20 to 45 years old by using step by step plateau method and mPW estimation by the formula between two points of masking diagram [mPW=(N2-N1)-(T2-T1)] and then the mPW of two methods was compared for each frequency...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Jithin Raj Balan, Sandeep Maruthy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study probed into the relative and combined contribution of auditory and visual modalities in the speech perception of individuals with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorders (ANSD). Specifically, the identification scores of consonantvowel (CV) syllables, visual enhancement (VE), and auditory enhancement in different signal to noise ratios (SNRs) were compared with that of the control group. Subjects and. METHODS: The study used a repeated measure standard group comparison research design...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Santhanam Rekha, Ravi Ramalingam, Madasamy Parani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To analyse the audiometric profile and the pedigree of a large family with otosclerosis to understand the inheritance pattern and its implication in clinical management of the disease. Subjects and. METHODS: Pedigree analysis was performed on the basis of family history and audiometric tests. Pure tone audiometry, tympanometry, and acoustic reflexes were evaluated for the family members. Audiometric analysis was also carried out for the individuals who have already underwent corrective surgery at the time of study...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Hee Sung Chae, Sung Min Han, Ha Neul Lee, Hyun Jong Jeon, Young Joon Seo
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is primarily, a sterile, inflammatory, neutrophilic dermatosis, characterized by recurrent cutaneous ulceration with mucopurulent or hemorrhagic exudate. The incidence of PG is uncertain, but it is estimated to be about 3-10 patients per million per year. It occurs most commonly on the lower legs, but has been reported at other sites of the body as well. The causes of PG are unknown, but about 50-70% of cases are associated with other diseases, mainly inflammatory bowel disease. We hereby report a case of PG in a 21-year-old male, with a history of ulcerative colitis (UC)...
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Kudamo Song, Jun Lee, Mee Ja Park, Ho Yun Lee
A pyogenic granuloma is one of the most common benign tumors in the head and neck. However, it rarely occurs in the external auditory canal (EAC). We report a case of a pyogenic granuloma that involved the both EAC in a pregnant woman. The clinical manifestation is discussed with a literature review.
October 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Moo Kyun Park, Doh Young Lee, Young Ho Kim
Background and Objectives: This study aimed to analyze risk factors for positional vertigo (PV) and the influence thereof on daily life and subjective quality-of-life (QoL). Subject and. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data of the 2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study population consisted of 1,274 individuals aged >40 years for whom complete dizziness-related data were available. Blood and urine tests were performed, and nutritional intake, QoL, and subjective health status were measured using a questionnaire...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
Akram Pourbakht, Leila Faraji
Background and Objectives: Detection of auditory signals may be improved when maskers far from the frequency of the target signal are coherently amplitude-modulated. This improvement of signal detection is called comodulation masking release (CMR). In the CMR experiments, flankers have been usually arranged symmetrically. In practice, we will be confronted with a problem by using symmetric flankers due to the limited output of clinical audiometers, especially at high-frequency. We aimed to check whether flanker arrangement has any effect on the amount of CMR, especially when there is no flankers with a frequency higher than the signal...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Audiology & Otology
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