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Journal of Audiology & Otology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704901/the-gaps-between-knowing-and-doing-in-hearing-aid-fitting-management
#1
Soo Hee Oh, Kyoungwon Lee, Junghak Lee
Evidence based practice has become an important aspect in many healthcare provisions to improve patient outcomes. Investigating the gaps between knowing and doing in audiology practice will provide future directions for successful service delivery. The purpose of this study was to explore "know-do" gaps related to professional awareness and attitude in hearing aid fitting management (HAFM) by analyzing data of a questionnaire. It consisted of 22 questions focusing on 11 HAFM components. Each component had two sub-questions involving levels of the importance and practice for HAFM...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704900/examination-of-an-audiologist-s-response-to-patient-s-expression-of-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#2
Ashley L Dockens, Monica L Bellon-Harn, Erin S Burns, Vinaya Manchaiah, Orlando Hinojosa
This pilot study explores audiologist-patient interactions during initial evaluations or consultations. In particular, an audiologist's response to patient symptoms is examined. Conversations between audiologist and patients were recorded using a digital recorder, which were transcribed, and analyzed using the Codes for Human Analysis of Transcripts and Child Language Analysis computer programs. Mean length of turn and frequency of utterances related to explicit discussion or description of symptoms or the patient's interpretation of symptoms was determined...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704899/cochlear-fistula-in-chronic-otitis-media-without-cholesteatoma
#3
Changyun Kwon, Jeong Hwan Choi, Hoon Young Woo
Cochlear fistula in the chronic otitis media (COM) without cholesteatoma is an extremely rare with only a few cases reported in the literature to this date. We describe a case of cochlear fistula observed in a female with COM without cholesteatoma. This report presents the first clinical case of a transtympanic iatrogenic trauma by habitual cotton swabs probably causing cochlear fistula.
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704898/a-case-of-auditory-neuropathy-caused-by-pontine-hemorrhage-in-an-adult
#4
Seung-Hyun Chung, Sung Wook Jeong, Lee-Suk Kim
A pontine hemorrhage can evoke several neurological symptoms because the pons contains various nuclei and nerve fibers. Hearing loss can develop as a result of a pontine hemorrhage because there is an auditory conduction pathway in the cochlear nucleus of the pons. However, very few cases of hearing loss caused by pontine lesions have been reported, and there have been no reports of auditory neuropathy that developed following a pontine hemorrhage. Recently we had a patient who experienced a nontraumatic pontine hemorrhage who was diagnosed with auditory neuropathy...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704897/comparison-of-free-beam-and-fiber-type-co2-laser-delivery-systems-in-stapes-surgery
#5
Mun Young Chang, Hyun Seok Choi, Sang-Youp Lee, Ja-Won Koo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A free-beam-type CO2 laser, which use a micromanipulator mounted on a microscope as the delivery system, has the merit of not being affected by hand tremor at the time of shooting. However, this delivery system has several disadvantages, including a restricted operation range and a risk of incorrect focusing. A fiber-type CO2 laser uses a hand-held delivery system and has the opposite merits and demerits. We compared the results of stapes surgery with free-beam and fiber type delivery systems...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704896/long-term-speech-perception-outcomes-of-cochlear-implantation-in-gap-junction-protein-beta-2-related-hearing-loss
#6
Sung Hee Kim, Rajendra Nepali, Myung Hoon Yoo, Kwang-Sun Lee, Jong Woo Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The mutation of the gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2) gene is the predominant cause of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the speech perception outcome after cochlear implantation according to the presence of a GJB2 mutation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: During the period from March 2004 to February 2005, 38 patients underwent cochlear implantation at Asan Medical Center. Genetic factors and speech perception were evaluated in all subjects, and the patients were grouped according to the presence of a GJB2 mutation...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704895/comparisons-in-outcome-and-subject-comfort-between-rotation-chair-systems
#7
Bong Jik Kim, Yu-Kyung Won, Jaihwan Hyun, Woo-Sung Na, Jae Yun Jung, Myung-Whan Suh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A rotation chair test has been used to evaluate the function of the horizontal semicircular canals. Currently, two chair systems according to the presence of cylindrical darkroom are used in a clinic setting. However, it has not been thoroughly investigated whether one system is superior to the other system or not. In this study, we aimed to compare test outcomes and subject convenience between two systems. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty subjects with no history of otologic disease were enrolled...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704894/factors-affecting-sentence-in-noise-recognition-for-normal-hearing-listeners-and-listeners-with-hearing-loss
#8
Jung Sun Hwang, Kyung Hyun Kim, Jae Hee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite amplified speech, listeners with hearing loss often report more difficulties understanding speech in background noise compared to normalhearing listeners. Various factors such as deteriorated hearing sensitivity, age, suprathreshold temporal resolution, and reduced capacity of working memory and attention can attribute to their sentence-in-noise problems. The present study aims to determine a primary explanatory factor for sentence-in-noise recognition difficulties in adults with or without hearing loss...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704893/clinical-characteristics-of-idiopathic-epidermoid-and-dermoid-cysts-of-the-ear
#9
Yesun Cho, Dong-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts are benign cystic lesions, lined by ectodermal squamous epithelium. They are not common in the head and neck areas, which constitute ~7% of all cases of epidermoid and dermoid cysts. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of epidermoid and dermoid cysts that developed around the ear. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The clinical records were retrospectively reviewed for patients confirmed histologically as idiopathic epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the ear from January 2011 to December 2015...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704892/is-electrocochleography-still-helpful-in-early-diagnosis-of-meniere-disease
#10
Fulvio Mammarella, Melissa Zelli, Theodoros Varakliotis, Alberto Eibenstein, Claudio Maria Pianura, Gianluca Bellocchi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Despite the extensive research for the Meniere's disease (MD), it's pathophysiology still remains uncertain and questionable among scientists. Clinical symptoms and audiometric tests form the basis for the diagnosis. Nevertheless the differential diagnosis can be extremely challenging, due to subjective and not specific results. Incorrect diagnosis is most likely and for this reason there is a great demand for objective and reliable tests. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The presence of endolymphatic hydrops is necessary condition but non enough for the diagnosis...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704891/mastoid-vibration-reduces-ipsilesional-shift-of-subjective-visual-horizontal-in-patients-with-acute-stage-of-unilateral-vestibulopathy
#11
Kun Woo Kim, Min Young Lee, Jae Yun Jung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate effect of the vibration on subjective visual horizontal (SVH) in patients with acute stage of unilateral vestibulopathy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five unilateral vestibulopathy patients which analyzed into 42 cases at different time points and suffered from spinning vertigo for more than 24 hours without hearing loss and neurologic abnormality were enrolled. Thirteen subjects with spontaneous nystagmus (>3 degree/sec; averaged symptom onset <1 week) at the time of SVH measurement were classified into the acute unilateral vestibulopathy group (aVU)...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704890/analysis-of-subway-interior-noise-at-peak-commuter-time
#12
Donguk Lee, Gibbeum Kim, Woojae Han
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although mass transit systems are convenient and efficient for urban people, little attention has been paid to the potential hearing hazard from their noise. The purpose of the current study was to measure and analyze levels of subway interior noise at peak commuter times and to provide information about commuters' daily dose of noise exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To measure the subway interior noise, nine subway lines inside Seoul (i...
July 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417111/speech-intelligibility-in-persian-hearing-impaired-children-with-cochlear-implants-and-hearing-aids
#13
Mohammad Rezaei, Maryam Emadi, Peyman Zamani, Farhad Farahani, Gohar Lotfi
The aim of present study is to evaluate and compare speech intelligibility in hearing impaired children with cochlear implants (CI) and hearing aid (HA) users and children with normal hearing (NH). The sample consisted of 45 Persian-speaking children aged 3 to 5-years-old. They were divided into three groups, and each group had 15, children, children with CI and children using hearing aids in Hamadan. Participants was evaluated by the test of speech intelligibility level. Results of ANOVA on speech intelligibility test showed that NH children had significantly better reading performance than hearing impaired children with CI and HA...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417110/kawasaki-disease-and-labyrinthitis-an-underdiagnosed-complication
#14
Kyu Yeun Kim, Ki Hwan Kim, Yoon Ah Park, Young Joon Seo
Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) that is seldom cited as a Kawasaki disease (KD) complication is known as an additional, potentially severe, and frequently irreversible sequel. Furthermore the vestibular functions of KD have been underestimated and it could be an important complication combined with SNHL in KD. We described a case that a 4 year-old boy who developed vestibular loss with SNHL has recovered successfully with a combined treatment.
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417109/intractable-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-otorrhea-with-silicone-impression-in-the-middle-ear
#15
Eun Kyung Jung, Chul Ho Jang, Jong Yuap Seong, Yong Beom Cho
We report a case of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) otorrhea with impression material of hearing aid in the middle ear. The patient had chronic otitis media in the right ear with sensorineural hearing loss in both ears. The silicone flowed into the middle ear through a tympanic membrane perforation during the process of making an ear mold. Several days after hearing aid fitting, the patient had severe otalgia, intractable otorrhea, aggravated hearing loss, and dizziness. The pus culture and sensitivity test revealed MRSA...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417108/factors-prognostic-of-season-associated-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-retrospective-observational-study
#16
In Yong Ryu, Sang Hyun Park, Eun Bin Park, Ho Joong Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether the prognosis of sudden deafness was dependent on the time of onset and evaluated the factors affecting prognosis during each period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients who developed sudden hearing loss from January 2005 to December 2015 were evaluated retrospectively. Meteorological data were obtained from the official website of the Korea Meteorological Administration. Factors prognostic of hearing recovery rate were analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417107/analysis-of-effect-of-eggshell-membrane-patching-for-moderate-to-large-traumatic-tympanic-membrane-perforation
#17
Jong Yoon Jung, Hee-Chul Yun, Tae-Min Kim, Jae Woo Joo, In Sik Song, Yoon Chan Rah, Jiwon Chang, Gi Jung Im, June Choi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of eggshell membrane (ESM) patching for tympanic membrane (TM) perforation, and to investigate correlations between healing time and age, gender, patching time, perforation size, and perforation location. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five patients diagnosed with traumatic TM perforation at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University Ansan Hospital, between January 2008 and October 2013...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417106/comparative-analysis-of-the-combined-therapeutic-effects-of-lipoprostaglandin-e1-on-sudden-idiopathic-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#18
Haeng Seon Shim, Joon Soo Kim, Myung Gu Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Viral and vascular disorders are considered to be a major cause of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). Lipoprostaglandin E1 (lipo-PGE1) has vasodilating activity and has been used to treat ISSNHL. The purpose of this study was to determine the specific therapeutic effects of lipo-PGE1 and compare them to other treatment modalities for ISSNHL. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study group had 1,052 patients diagnosed with ISSNHL...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417105/substitution-patterns-of-phoneme-errors-in-hearing-aid-and-cochlear-implant-users
#19
Woojae Han, Hyungi Chun, Gibbeum Kim, In-Ki Jin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is acknowledged that speech perceptual errors are increased in listeners who have sensorineural hearing loss as noise increases. However, there is a lack of detailed information for their error pattern. The purpose of the present study was to analyze substitution patterns of phoneme errors in Korean hearing aid (HA) and cochlear implant (CI) users who are postlingually deafened adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In quiet and under two noise conditions, the phoneme errors of twenty HA and fourteen CI users were measured by using monosyllabic words, and a substitution pattern was analyzed in terms of manner of articulation...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417104/combined-bifrontal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-tailor-made-notched-music-training-in-chronic-tinnitus
#20
Ho Yun Lee, Myoung Su Choi, Dong Sik Chang, Chin-Saeng Cho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the short-term treatment outcomes of combined bifrontal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and tailor-made notched music training (TMNMT) in tinnitus patients. The associations of patient characteristics with treatment responsiveness were investigated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four sessions of bifrontal tDCS (F4: anode, F3: cathode) and TMNMT were conducted over a 2-week period in tinnitus patients. For tDCS, the stimulation intensity was 1...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
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