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Sleep Health

Miguel Marino, Marie Killerby, Soomi Lee, Laura Cousino Klein, Phyllis Moen, Ryan Olson, Ellen Ernst Kossek, Rosalind King, Leslie Erickson, Lisa F Berkman, Orfeu M Buxton
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a workplace-based intervention on actigraphic and self-reported sleep outcomes in an extended care setting. DESIGN: Cluster randomized trial. SETTING: Extended-care (nursing) facilities. PARTICIPANTS: US employees and managers at nursing homes. Nursing homes were randomly selected to intervention or control settings. INTERVENTION: The Work, Family and Health Study developed an intervention aimed at reducing work-family conflict within a 4-month work-family organizational change process...
December 2016: Sleep Health
Martin J Downing, Steven T Houang, Roberta Scheinmann, Irene S Yoon, Mary Ann Chiasson, Sabina Hirshfield
OBJECTIVES: We investigated risk and protective factors associated with sleep quality among a national sample of HIV-positive gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). DESIGN: This study reports on findings from both an eligibility survey and baseline assessment for an online HIV risk reduction intervention. PARTICIPANTS: There were 16,466 completed eligibility surveys. A total of 1,205 eligible men completed a baseline assessment after consenting to participate in the intervention...
December 2016: Sleep Health
Soomi Lee, David M Almeida, Lisa Berkman, Ryan Olson, Phyllis Moen, Orfeu M Buxton
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a workplace flexibility/support intervention on employees' sleep quantity and quality during nights and days and whether the effects differ by employee age. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Information technology industry workplaces. PARTICIPANTS: US employees (Mage = 46.9 years) at an information technology firm who provided actigraphy at baseline and a 12-month follow-up (N = 396; n = 195 intervention, n = 201 control)...
December 2016: Sleep Health
Monique K LeBourgeois, John R Harsh
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development and psychometric evaluation of the Children's Sleep-Wake Scale (CSWS), a caregiver-report measure of behavioral sleep quality in 2- to 8-year-old children. DESIGN: Five studies using independent samples were completed to generate, refine, and finalize the item pool, as well as to confirm the factor structure and to assess the reliability and validity of the CSWS. SETTING: Field. MEASURES: CSWS, sleep diary, and actigraphy...
September 2016: Sleep Health
K M Sharkey, G M Boni, J A Quattrucci, S Blatch, S N Carr
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed sleep and circadian rhythms across the perinatal period in new mothers with and without postpartum weight retention (PPWR). METHODS: Weight was measured at 2 and 16 weeks postpartum in 21 women with previous major depression or bipolar disorder (mean age 29.5±4.7 years) who self-reported pre-pregnancy weight during third trimester. Wrist actigraphy was acquired at 33 weeks gestation and postpartum weeks 2, 6, and 16. Circadian phase was measured at 33 weeks gestation and 6 weeks postpartum...
September 2016: Sleep Health
Lauren E Philbrook, Mona El-Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: This study examined how neighborhood access to recreation facilities and physical activity are linked to multiple indices of adolescent sleep. Physical activity was also assessed as a mediator of the association between access to recreation facilities and sleep. DESIGN: The study used a cross-sectional design and path modeling analysis techniques. SETTING: Participants were recruited from small towns and semi-rural communities in Alabama...
September 2016: Sleep Health
J C Levenson, E Miller, B Hafer, M F Reidell, D J Buysse, P L Franzen
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a pilot study of a sleep health promotion program for college students. The aims of the study were to 1) determine the feasibility of the program, and 2) explore changes in sleep knowledge and sleep diary parameters. DESIGN: Open trial of a sleep health promotion program for college students. SETTING: A small liberal arts university in southwestern Pennsylvania. PARTICIPANTS: University students (primarily female)...
June 2016: Sleep Health
Erika J Bagley, Kelly M Tu, Joseph A Buckhalt, Mona El-Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine links between concerns about community violence and objective and subjective sleep parameters in an adolescent sample. Sex was considered as a moderator of effects. DESIGN: The study used a cross-sectional design. PARTICIPANTS: The community-based sample included 252 adolescents (53% girls) with an average age of 15.79 years (SD = 0.81) from the Southeastern United States. The sample included 34% African American and 66% European American adolescents from a wide range of socioeconomic backgrounds...
March 2016: Sleep Health
Karen A Bonuck, Barbara Schwartz, Clyde Schechter
CONTEXT: Healthy child development requires sufficient, quality sleep. Sleep problems in early childhood impair social-emotional and cognitive function and increase obesity risk. From a health literacy framework, "sleep health literacy" denotes the knowledge, motivation, and competencies to promote healthy sleep and to recognize a sleep problem. DESIGN: To explore the untapped potential of early childhood education (ECE) programs to promote sleep health literacy, we surveyed staff (n=63) and parents (n=196) in Head Start about sleep-related knowledge, attitudes/beliefs, sleep hygiene, and sleep problems...
March 2016: Sleep Health
Mariana G Figueiro, Claudia M Hunter, Patricia Higgins, Thomas Hornick, Geoffrey E Jones, Barbara Plitnick, Jennifer Brons, Mark S Rea
OBJECTIVES: Light therapy has shown promise as a nonpharmacological treatment to help regulate abnormal sleep-wake patterns and associated behavioral issues prevalent among individuals diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and related dementia (ADRD). The present study investigated the effectiveness of a lighting intervention designed to increase circadian stimulation during the day using light sources that have high short-wavelength content and high light output. METHODS: Thirty-five persons with ADRD and 34 caregivers completed the 11-week study...
December 1, 2015: Sleep Health
Wendy M Troxel, Gerald Hunter, Deborah Scharf
OBJECTIVE: Electronic media use is pervasive among adolescents. However, prior studies of media use have not specifically focused on texting behavior, and current estimates of teen texting -- a primary form of communication among adolescents - are based on teens' self-reported use. Evaluating the frequency of nighttime texting is crucial, given evidence that such behaviors may contribute to epidemic levels of insufficient sleep among adolescents. METHODS: Descriptive analysis of objectively recorded outgoing text message data in a sample of adolescents (N=43; M=16...
December 1, 2015: Sleep Health
Jennifer Yland, Stanford Guan, Erin Emanuele, Lauren Hale
BACKGROUND: Insufficient sleep among school-aged children is a growing concern, as numerous studies have shown that chronic short sleep duration increases the risk of poor academic performance and specific adverse health outcomes. We examined the association between weekday nighttime sleep duration and 3 types of screen exposure: television, computer use, and video gaming. METHODS: We used age 9 data from an ethnically diverse national birth cohort study, the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, to assess the association between screen time and sleep duration among 9-year-olds, using screen time data reported by both the child (n = 3269) and by the child's primary caregiver (n= 2770)...
September 2015: Sleep Health
Michael A Grandner, Tony E Smith, Nicholas Jackson, Tara Jackson, Sarah Burgard, Charles Branas
INTRODUCTION: Insufficient sleep is associated with cardiometabolic risk and neurocognitive impairment. Determinants of insufficient sleep include many social and environmental factors. Assessment of geographic hot/coldspots may uncover novel risk groups and/or targets for public health intervention. The aim of this study was to discern geographic patterns in the first data set to include county-level sleep data. METHODS: The 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was used...
September 1, 2015: Sleep Health
Girardin Jean-Louis, Shawn Youngstedt, Michael Grandner, Natasha J Williams, Daniel Sarpong, Ferdinand Zizi, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: This study ascertained whether individuals of the black race/ethnicity are unequally burdened by sleep-related overweight/obesity. METHODS: Analysis was based on data obtained from Americans (ages, 18-85 years) in the National Health Interview Survey (1977-2009). Sleep duration was coded as either very short sleep (VSS) (≤5 hours), short sleep (SS) (5-6 hours), or long sleep (>8 hours), referenced to 7-8-hour sleepers. Overweight was defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥25...
September 2015: Sleep Health
Marjory L Givens, Kristen C Malecki, Paul E Peppard, Mari Palta, Adnan Said, Corinne D Engelman, Matthew C Walsh, F Javier Nieto
BACKGROUND: With the expanding demand for a 24-hour society, the prevalence of sleep deprivation and other sleep-related health problems is increasing. Shiftwork is an occupational health risk of growing significance because of its high prevalence and because of its potential role as a determinant of socioeconomic-related health disparities. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the associations of shiftwork with overweight status and type 2 diabetes, and explore whether a history of sleep problems mediates or modifies these associations...
June 2015: Sleep Health
Wendy M Troxel, Brett Ewing, Elizabeth J D'Amico
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines the association between self-reported measures of trouble sleeping, total sleep time (TST), and bedtimes and odds of past month alcohol and marijuana (AM) use in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of adolescents. DESIGN: Web-based cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Los Angeles (LA) County, California. PARTICIPANTS: The sample is comprised of 2539 youth representing four distinct racial/ethnic categories (Non-Hispanic White, Hispanic, Asian, and "Other"; mean age= 15...
June 1, 2015: Sleep Health
Orfeu M Buxton, Anne-Marie Chang, James C Spilsbury, Taylor Bos, Helene Emsellem, Kristen L Knutson
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The overall objective of the 2014 National Sleep Foundation Sleep in America Poll "Sleep in the Modern Family" was to obtain a current picture of sleep in families with at least 1 school-aged child. DESIGN: Cross-sectional poll. SETTING: Internet-based interview. PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative Internet panel of US households with a child 6-17 years. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Primary measures included parental perception of the importance of sleep, parental and child sleep quality, child sleep duration and habits, technology in bedroom, and family rules...
May 1, 2015: Sleep Health
Michael A Grandner, Atul Malhotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Sleep Health
Mariana G Figueiro
BACKGROUND: Light is most effective at changing the timing of the circadian clock when applied close to the core body temperature minimum. The present study investigated, in a home setting, if individually tailored light treatment using flashing blue light delivered through closed eyelids during the early part of the sleep period delayed circadian phase and sleep in a population of healthy older adults and in those suffering from early awakening insomnia. METHODS: Twenty-eight participants (9 early awakening insomniacs) completed an 8-week, within-subjects study...
March 1, 2015: Sleep Health
Natasha J Williams, Michael A Grandne, Amy Snipes, April Rogers, Olajide Williams, Collins Airhihenbuwa, Girardin Jean-Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Sleep Health
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