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Sleep Health

Martha L Lincoln, Roland S Moore, Genevieve M Ames
Sleep deprivation and sleep disturbance are pervasive among military personnel during and after combat deployment. However, occupational and other constraints often influence military workers to decline behavioral health services and prescription pharmaceutical sleep aids. This article, drawing on ethnographic interviews with National Guard veterans of combat deployment, demonstrates that soldiers with sleep disturbance frequently manage symptoms without medical supervision and by using ad hoc methods including alcohol use...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Daniel Cukor, Melissa Pencille, Nisha Ver Halen, Nicole Primus, Vinessa Gordon-Peters, Marilyn Fraser, Moro Salifu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Sleep Health
Johnpaul Caia, Tannath J Scott, Shona L Halson, Vincent G Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To examine the usefulness of sleep hygiene education on the sleep of professional rugby league athletes during a 10-week period of the competitive season. DESIGN: Case study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four professional rugby league athletes. MEASUREMENTS: Initially, participants were monitored for a 2-week period using wrist activity monitors allowing baseline estimation of sleep. Following this, 12 athletes attended two 30-minute sleep hygiene education seminars delivered over successive weeks, whereas the remaining 12 athletes received no education...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Umair Akram, Kristofor McCarty, Asha Akram, Maria Gardani, Alice Tan, Daniel Villarreal, Emily Bilsborough, Grace Dooher, Grace Gibbs, Jess L Hudson, Rachel Mills, Viknesh Subramaniam, Sarah Allen
OBJECTIVES: Type D personality is characterized by the combination of social inhibition and negative affectivity. This study examined the relationship between Type D personality and insomnia symptoms amongst a sample of the general-population. METHODS: Adults from the general-population (n = 392) completed online measures of Type D personality (DS14) and insomnia severity. RESULTS: Individuals with the Type D personality trait reported significantly greater symptoms of insomnia relative to Non-Type Ds...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Daniel J Biddle, Peter J Kelly, Daniel F Hermens, Nick Glozier
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the prospective association between insomnia and mental illness in the general population remained after controlling for multiple confounders, or whether this represented partly remitted prior mental illness. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Australian general population. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 10,444 people aged 15 or older in the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey who did not meet K10 criteria for likely mental illness at baseline (2013-14)...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Antonia Ypsilanti, Lambros Lazuras, Anna Robson, Umair Akram
OBJECTIVES: There is limited research on the association between insomnia and negative self-conscious emotions. This study assessed if individuals with insomnia reported higher scores in self-disgust than normal sleepers and if the association between insomnia and self-disgust was mediated by depression and anxiety. METHODS: Twenty-seven individuals with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, insomnia disorder and 30 normal sleepers completed self-reported measures of self-disgust, anxiety, and depression...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Lisa Matricciani, Yu Sun Bin, Tea Lallukka, Erkki Kronholm, Melissa Wake, Catherine Paquet, Dorothea Dumuid, Tim Olds
Sleep is important for the physical, social and mental well-being of both children and adults. In this paper, we discuss the need to consider sleep as a multidimensional construct and as a component of total 24-hour activity. First, we make a case for considering sleep as a multidimensional construct, whereby all characteristics of sleep (including duration, quality, timing, and variability) and their links with health are examined. Second, we argue that sleep should also be conceptualized as part of the daily spectrum of time-use, along with other types of activity...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Michael V Genuardi, Andrew D Althouse, Michael S Sharbaugh, Rachel P Ogilvie, Sanjay R Patel
OBJECTIVE: Drowsy driving is a significant cause of traffic accidents and fatalities. Although previous reports have shown an association between race and drowsy driving, the reasons for this disparity remain unclear. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of responses from 193,776 White, Black, and Hispanic adults participating in the US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 2009 to 2012 who answered a question about drowsy driving. MEASUREMENTS: Drowsy driving was defined as self-reporting an episode of falling asleep while driving in the past 30 days...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Terrence D Hill, Reed Deangelis, Christopher G Ellison
Although numerous empirical studies show that religious involvement is associated with better health and longer life expectancies, researchers have virtually ignored possible links between religious involvement and sleep. To spark greater attention to this important and understudied area of sleep research, we review previous population-based studies, propose an initial conceptual model of the likely pathways for these associations, and offer several avenues for future research. Our review and critical examination suggest that religious involvement is indeed a social determinant of sleep in the United States...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Elliott C Fox, Kairuo Wang, Melissa Aquino, Michael A Grandner, Dawei Xie, Charles C Branas, Nalaka S Gooneratne
OBJECTIVES: Insufficient sleep has become recognized as a pervasive problem in modern society. Sleep debt is a novel measure of sleep adequacy that may be useful in describing those at risk for inadequate sleep. Our objective was to investigate factors that may be associated with sleep debt at the population level, as well as build upon previous data that showed that minority groups may be more likely to have sleep debt. DESIGN: A cross-sectional population phone survey included questions regarding amount of sleep required and amount of sleep achieved...
August 2018: Sleep Health
Helene Emsellem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Sleep Health
Meir H Kryger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Sleep Health
Colin A Espie, Brent Pawlecki, Dickon Waterfield, Kit Fitton, Michael Radocchia, Annemarie I Luik
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of insomnia are common and might impact work productivity. We investigated the relationship between insomnia symptoms and workplace productivity in a global manufacturing company. METHODS: Within an uncontrolled, cross-sectional study, employees from a US-based company were invited to participate in an online evaluation comprising the Sleep Condition Indicator (SCI) measuring symptoms of insomnia (high score indicating better sleep), 2 items of the Work Productivity and Impairment Index (WPAI) measuring 'presenteeism' and 'absenteeism' (high score indicating loss of work productivity) and 1 item of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) from January 2015 onwards...
June 2018: Sleep Health
Cory J Counts, Fiona C Grubin, Neha A John-Henderson
OBJECTIVE: Low socioeconomic status (SES) in childhood associates with poor sleep quality in adulthood. Separately, childhood family environments shape health into adulthood. Here, we investigated whether these early life factors independently or interactively inform global sleep quality in college students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: College students at a state university (N = 391). MEASUREMENTS: As a measure of childhood SES, we asked participants to consider their families' socioeconomic standing relative to the rest of the society during their childhood...
June 2018: Sleep Health
Michelle A Short, Sarah Blunden, Gabrielle Rigney, Lisa Matricciani, Scott Coussens, Chelsea M Reynolds, Barbara Galland
BACKGROUND: Sleep recommendations are widely used to guide communities on children's sleep needs. Following recent adjustments to guidelines by the National Sleep Foundation and the subsequent consensus statement by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, we undertook a systematic literature search to evaluate the current evidence regarding relationships between objectively measured sleep duration and cognitive function in children aged 5 to 13 years. METHODS: Cognitive function included measures of memory, attention, processing speed, and intelligence in children aged 5 to 13 years...
June 2018: Sleep Health
Ruben Tinajero, Paula G Williams, Matthew R Cribbet, Holly K Rau, Daniel L Bride, Yana Suchy
OBJECTIVES: Previous research suggests that nonrestorative sleep (NRS), even in the absence of insomnia symptoms or other sleep disorders, may be associated with daytime dysfunction. This study examined the association between NRS and daytime dysfunction in healthy adults screened for insomnia and sleep apnea. DESIGN: Multi-day assessment approach. SETTING: Community-based adults and college students. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy young adults without insomnia and sleep apnea (n = 79; 68% female, mean age = 27...
June 2018: Sleep Health
Ellyn E Matthews, Chenghui Li, Christopher R Long, Marie-Rachelle Narcisse, Bradley C Martin, Pearl Anna McElfish
PURPOSE: Examine sleep deficiency, factors, and associations with cardiometabolic diseases in United States Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders (NHPI), Blacks, and Whites. DESIGN: Data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey and NHPI National Health Interview Survey household interviews of adults were analyzed. PARTICIPANTS: Of 31,724 participants, 7% were NHPI, 14% were Black, and 79% were White. METHODS: Habitual sleep duration and quality, sociodemographic/economic covariates, health behaviors, psychological distress, and chronic diseases were self-reported...
June 2018: Sleep Health
Yong Liu, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft, Fang Xu, Timothy J Cunningham, Kurt J Greenlund
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between sleep duration and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with or without chronic conditions. METHODS: Using the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we analyzed self-reported data from adult respondents aged ≥18 years with (n=277,757, unhealthy group) and without (n=172,052. healthy group) reported history of any of nine chronic conditions (coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, depression, chronic kidney disease)...
June 2018: Sleep Health
Soohyun Nam, Robin Whittemore, Sunyoung Jung, Carl Latkin, Trace Kershaw, Nancy S Redeker
OBJECTIVES: African Americans (AAs) have a higher prevalence of sleep disorders than other racial/ethnic groups. However, little is known about the relationships among individual and neighborhood factors related to sleep quality in AAs. The purposes of this study were to (1) describe beliefs about sleep, sleep hygiene behaviors, and sleep quality among AAs; and (2) examine the relationships among sociodemographic characteristics, neighborhood environment, beliefs about sleep, sleep hygiene behaviors, and sleep quality...
June 2018: Sleep Health
Cheri D Mah, Eric J Kezirian, Brandon M Marcello, William C Dement
OBJECTIVE: Poor and inadequate sleep negatively impact cognitive and physical functioning and may also affect sports performance. The study aim is to examine sleep quality, sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness in collegiate student-athletes across a wide range of sports. DESIGN: Questionnaire. SETTING: University setting. PARTICIPANTS: 628 athletes across 29 varsity teams at Stanford University. MEASUREMENTS: Athletes completed a questionnaire inquiring about sleep quality via a modified Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness via Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
June 2018: Sleep Health
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