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Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687048/about-the-cover
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687047/erratum
#2
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1080/23328940.2017.1303562.].
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687046/screening-criteria-for-increased-susceptibility-to-heat-stress-during-work-or-leisure-in-hot-environments-in-healthy-individuals-aged-31-70-years
#3
Andreas D Flouris, Ryan McGinn, Martin P Poirier, Jeffrey C Louie, Leonidas G Ioannou, Lydia Tsoutsoubi, Ronald J Sigal, Pierre Boulay, Stephen G Hardcastle, Glen P Kenny
Population aging and global warming generate important public health risks, as older adults have increased susceptibility to heat stress (SHS). We defined and validated sex-specific screening criteria for SHS during work and leisure activities in hot environments in individuals aged 31-70 years using age, anthropometry, and cardiorespiratory fitness. A total of 123 males and 44 females [44 ± 14 years; 22.9 ± 7.4% body fat; 40.3 ± 8.6 peak oxygen uptake (mlO2 /kg/min)] participated, separated into the Analysis (n = 111) and Validation (n = 56) groups...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687045/behavioral-thermoregulation-in-older-adults-with-cardiovascular-co-morbidities
#4
Zachary J Schlader, Gregory L Coleman, James R Sackett, Suman Sarker, Christopher L Chapman, David Hostler, Blair D Johnson
We tested the hypotheses that older adults with cardiovascular co-morbidities will demonstrate greater changes in body temperature and exaggerated changes in blood pressure before initiating thermal behavior. We studied twelve healthy younger adults (Younger, 25 ± 4 y) and six older adults ('At Risk', 67 ± 4 y) taking prescription medications for at least two of the following conditions: hypertension, type II diabetes, hypercholesterolemia. Subjects underwent a 90-min test in which they voluntarily moved between cool (18...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687044/estradiol-alters-body-temperature-regulation-in-the-female-mouse
#5
Sally J Krajewski-Hall, Elise M Blackmore, Jessi R McMinn, Naomi E Rance
Hot flushes are due to estrogen withdrawal and characterized by the episodic activation of heat dissipation effectors. Recent studies (in humans and rats) have implicated neurokinin 3 (NK3 ) receptor signaling in the genesis of hot flushes. Although transgenic mice are increasingly used for biomedical research, there is limited information on how 17β-estradiol and NK3 receptor signaling alters thermoregulation in the mouse. In this study, a method was developed to measure tail skin temperature (TSKIN ) using a small data-logger attached to the surface of the tail, which, when combined with a telemetry probe for core temperature (TCORE ), allowed us to monitor thermoregulation in freely-moving mice over long durations...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687043/material-recognition-based-on-thermal-cues-mechanisms-and-applications
#6
REVIEW
Hsin-Ni Ho
Some materials feel colder to the touch than others, and we can use this difference in perceived coldness for material recognition. This review focuses on the mechanisms underlying material recognition based on thermal cues. It provides an overview of the physical, perceptual, and cognitive processes involved in material recognition. It also describes engineering domains in which material recognition based on thermal cues have been applied. This includes haptic interfaces that seek to reproduce the sensations associated with contact in virtual environments and tactile sensors aim for automatic material recognition...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687042/tissue-oxidative-metabolism-can-increase-the-difference-between-local-temperature-and-arterial-blood-temperature-by-up-to-1-3-o-c-implications-for-brain-brown-adipose-tissue-and-muscle-physiology
#7
REVIEW
Dmitry V Zaretsky, Andrej A Romanovsky, Maria V Zaretskaia, Yaroslav I Molkov
Tissue temperature increases, when oxidative metabolism is boosted. The source of nutrients and oxygen for this metabolism is the blood. The blood also cools down the tissue, and this is the only cooling mechanism, when direct dissipation of heat from the tissue to the environment is insignificant, e.g. , in the brain. While this concept is relatively simple, it has not been described quantitatively. The purpose of the present work was to answer two questions: 1) to what extent can oxidative metabolism make the organ tissue warmer than the body core, and, 2) how quickly are changes in the local metabolism reflected in the temperature of the tissue? Our theoretical analysis demonstrates that, at equilibrium, given that heat exchange with the organ is provided by the blood, the temperature difference between the organ tissue and the arterial blood is proportional to the arteriovenous difference in oxygen content, does not depend on the blood flow, and cannot exceed 1...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687041/meta-inflammation-and-cardiometabolic-disease-in-obesity-can-heat-therapy-help
#8
REVIEW
Brett R Ely, Zachary S Clayton, Carrie E McCurdy, Joshua Pfeiffer, Christopher T Minson
Obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. The current theory linking metabolic disease and obesity involves ischemic adipose tissue initiating an inflammatory cascade that results in systemic insulin resistance and may eventually lead to type II diabetes mellitus. Diabetes and associated metabolic dysfunction increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and fatal cardiovascular events. By targeting key steps in this process, ischemia and inflammation, this cascade may be prevented or reversed and thus metabolic and cardiovascular health may be preserved in obesity...
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687040/how-can-scientists-promote-peace
#9
Sandra L Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687039/role-of-the-median-preoptic-nucleus-in-the-autonomic-response-to-heat-exposure
#10
Stephen B G Abbott, Clifford B Saper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687038/the-opioid-crisis-and-%C3%A2-reconsidering-the-use-of-drugs-that-affect-body-temperature
#11
EDITORIAL
Amol Patwardhan, Frank Porreca, William K Schmidt, Andrej A Romanovsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436531/the-new-cold-war-is-a-reality
#12
COMMENT
Michael N Sawka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435483/about-the-cover
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435482/thermal-imaging-reveals-sizable-shifts-in-facial-temperature-surrounding-yawning-in-budgerigars-melopsittacus-undulatus
#14
Andrew C Gallup, Elaine Herron, Janine Militello, Lexington Swartwood, Carmen Cortes, Jose R Eguibar
Accumulating comparative and interdisciplinary research supports a brain cooling function to yawning. In particular, previous research has shown significant decreases in both brain and skull temperature following yawning in mammals. In a recent study using a thermal imaging camera, significant reductions in both the cornea and concha temperature were observed following yawns in the high-yawning subline of Sprague-Dawley rats. Here, we performed a similar experiment to investigate shifts in facial temperature surrounding yawning in an avian species with more typical yawning patterns: budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus)...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435481/performance-in-complex-motor-tasks-deteriorates-in-hyperthermic-humans
#15
Jacob F Piil, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Steven J Trangmar, Lars Nybo
Heat stress, leading to elevations in whole-body temperature, has a marked impact on both physical performance and cognition in ecological settings. Lab experiments confirm this for physically demanding activities, whereas observations are inconsistent for tasks involving cognitive processing of information or decision-making prior to responding. We hypothesized that divergences could relate to task complexity and developed a protocol consisting of 1) simple motor task [TARGET_pinch], 2) complex motor task [Visuo-motor tracking], 3) simple math task [MATH_type], 4) combined motor-math task [MATH_pinch]...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435480/acute-physiological-and-perceptual-responses-to-wearing-additional-clothing-while-cycling-outdoors-in-a-temperate-environment-a-practical-method-to-increase-the-heat-load
#16
Christopher J Stevens, Daniel J Plews, Paul B Laursen, Aden B Kittel, Lee Taylor
This investigation assessed the acute physiological and perceptual responses to wearing additional clothing during outdoor cycling to determine if this strategy could increase the heat load while training in temperate environments. Seven male cyclists (age: 32 ± 13 y, height: 179 ± 10 cm, body mass: 74 ± 10 kg, body fat percentage: 10.3 ± 1.0%) completed 2 randomized outdoor (∼17°C and ∼82% RH), 80 min cycling sessions at moderate-hard intensities (CR10 RPE = 3-5). They wore spandex shorts and a short sleeve top (CON) or additional clothing including full-length spandex pants and a 'winter' cycling jacket and gloves (AC)...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435479/intradermal-administration-of-atrial-natriuretic-peptide-has-no-effect-on-sweating-and-cutaneous-vasodilator-responses-in-young-male-adults
#17
Naoto Fujii, Brendan D McNeely, Takeshi Nishiyasu, Glen P Kenny
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) increases during exercise in the heat wherein heat loss responses of sweating and cutaneous vasodilatation are activated. Hence ANP might be involved in the regulation of sweating and cutaneous vasodilatation. However, whether ANP directly mediates sweating and cutaneous vasodilatation needs to be clarified. Also, muscarinic receptor activation induces sweating and cutaneous vasodilatation, however, it remains to be determined whether ANP modulates these responses. In this study, in 11 young males (25 ± 5 years), cutaneous vascular conductance and sweat rate were assessed at intradermal microdialysis sites that were continuously perfused with either lactated Ringer (Control) or 3 different concentrations of ANP (0...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435478/rapid-responses-of-plants-to-temperature-changes
#18
REVIEW
Catarina C Nievola, Camila P Carvalho, Victória Carvalho, Edson Rodrigues
Temperature is one of the main environmental factors that affect plant metabolism. Considering that plants are sessile, their survival depends on the efficient activation of resistance responses to thermal stress. In this comprehensive review, we discuss recent work on rapid biochemical and physiological adjustments, herein referred to as those occurring during the first few hours or a few days after the beginning of the change in the ambient temperature. The short-term metabolic modulation after plant exposure to heat and cold, including chilling and freezing, is discussed...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435477/pathophysiology-of-heatstroke-in-dogs-revisited
#19
REVIEW
Yaron Bruchim, Michal Horowitz, Itamar Aroch
Heatstroke results from a failure to dissipate accumulated heat during exposure to hot environments, or during strenuous physical exercise under heat stress. It is characterized by core body temperatures > 41°C, with central nervous system dysfunction. Functional morphology and thermoregulatory effectors differences between dogs and humans may require special heatstroke protective adaptations in dogs, however, the risk factors for developing heatstroke are similar in both. In dogs, these include hot, especially highly humid environments, excessive physical activity, obesity, large (>15 kg) body weight, being of certain breed (e...
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435476/in-play-cooling-strategies-for-sport-in-hot-and-humid-conditions
#20
COMMENT
Samuel M Chalmers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
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