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Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818504/diagnostic-yield-of-transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#1
LETTER
R Marçôa, R Linhas, D Apolinário, S Campainha, A Oliveira, C Nogueira, A Loureiro, J Almeida, F Costa, X Wen, S Neves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807558/cost-of-asthma-in-portuguese-adults-a-population-based-cost-of-illness-study
#2
J P Barbosa, M Ferreira-Magalhães, A Sá-Sousa, L F Azevedo, J A Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Asthma is one of the most frequent chronic diseases, putting a considerable economic burden on societies and individuals. We aimed to estimate the total cost of adult asthma in Portugal, as well as the extent to which direct and indirect costs are influenced by the level of asthma control. METHODS: A nationwide, prevalence-based, cost-of-illness study using a bottom-up approach to calculate direct and indirect costs of asthma was conducted, using participant data from the Portuguese National Asthma Survey (INAsma)...
August 11, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800873/transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-associated-complications
#3
R Linhas, R Marçôa, A Oliveira, J Almeida, S Neves, S Campainha
INTRODUCTION: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBC) has emerged as a diagnostic alternative to surgical lung biopsy in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Despite its less invasive nature, some associated complications have been described. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate complications of TBC and associated factors. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of all patients with ILD submitted to TBC in our centre. Clinicodemographic variables and factors associated to TBC complications were analyzed...
August 8, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780989/idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-ppfe-a-case-study-of-a-rare-entity
#4
E B Boerner, U Costabel, T E Wessendorf, D Theegarten, F Bonella
Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) was recognized as a rare new entity. We report the case of a 63 years old female suffering from progressive dyspnea and dry cough for three years. Two years before admission to our hospital, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) was diagnosed in another hospital and treatment with prednisolone and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was commenced. At admission HRCT showed upper lobe dominant fibrosis and associated pleural thickening. Surgical biopsies were re-evaluated and revealed fibroelastosis with pleural thickening and a probable UIP pattern, consistent with idiopathic PPFE...
August 3, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760702/impulse-oscillometry-spirometry-and-passive-smoking-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents
#5
C I S Schivinski, M S de Assumpção, F C X S de Figueiredo, R M G Wamosy, L G Ferreira, J D Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in the forced and quiet breathing parameters of lung function in healthy children and adolescents exposed to passive smoking (PS). METHOD: Comparative cross-sectional study. Healthy schoolchildren aged 6 to 14 years. We collected anthropometric data, lung function parameters using spirometry (forced breathing), and quiet breathing parameters using impulse oscillometry. The sample was divided into two groups according to exposure to PS: passive smoking group (PSG) and non-passive smoking group (NPSG)...
July 28, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754530/tuberculosis-in-children-from-diagnosis-to-decision-to-treat
#6
S Ramos, R Gaio, F Ferreira, J Paulo Leal, S Martins, J Vasco Santos, I Carvalho, R Duarte
SETTING: Confirmation of tuberculosis (TB) in children is difficult, so clinicians use different procedures when deciding to treat. OBJECTIVE: Identify criteria to initiate and maintain TB treatment in children younger than 5 years-old, without diagnosis confirmation. DESIGN: A web-based survey was distributed by email to the corresponding authors of journal articles on childhood TB. The observations were clustered into disjoint groups, and analyzed by Ward's method...
July 25, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754529/lung-transplant-outpatient-clinic-at-centro-hospitalar-s%C3%A3-o-jo%C3%A3-o-10-year-review
#7
LETTER
D Araújo, C Damas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705584/allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-treated-successfully-with-omalizumab
#8
LETTER
R Aguiar, N P Fernandes, A Lopes, C Lopes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689709/the-reliability-of-short-term-measurement-of-heart-rate-variability-during-spontaneous-breathing-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#9
C A Sima, J A Inskip, A W Sheel, S F van Eeden, W D Reid, P G Camp
BACKGROUND: Reduced heart rate variability (HRV), a marker of autonomic system dysfunction, has been reported in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yet, limited data exists on the reliability of HRV measurement in this population. Here we investigated the reliability of short-term HRV measurement performed during spontaneous breathing in patients with COPD. METHODS: Thirteen individuals (8 males) with moderate-to-severe COPD (FEV1 46±16% predicted; FEV1/FVC 49±13) underwent standard time and frequency domain HRV measurements derived from 5-minute electrocardiograms collected on two separate days using a SphygmoCor device...
July 6, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676413/atypical-pyoderma-gangrenosum-simulating-pectoral-abscess-managed-using-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#10
LETTER
J Soro-García, E M García-Fontán, R Carrasco-Rodríguez, M Blanco-Ramos, M A Cañizares-Carretero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668400/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-the-era-of-antifibrotic-therapy-searching-for-new-opportunities-grounded-in-evidence
#11
C Robalo-Cordeiro, P Campos, L Carvalho, A Borba, S Clemente, S Freitas, S Furtado, J M Jesus, C Leal, A Marques, N Melo, C Souto-Moura, S Neves, V Sousa, A Santos, A Morais
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal lung disease that up to now has been associated with a poor prognosis. However, the results of the INPULSIS and ASCEND trials and the approval of nintedanib and pirfenidone have marked the beginning of a new era for IPF patients. Questions remain, however. Should these drugs be used earlier? What effect will they have on more severe disease? Will their effects last beyond the trial period? This manuscript is the outcome of a multidisciplinary meeting between pulmonology, radiology, and pathology clinicians on the use of antifibrotic agents in IPF...
June 28, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624321/does-any-association-exist-between-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-erectile-dysfunction-the-decoded-study
#12
M Dias, M J Oliveira, P Oliveira, I Ladeira, R Lima, M Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection for satisfactory sexual activity. Recent studies have shown an association between ED and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, this issue is often ignored. We aimed to evaluate the ED prevalence in COPD patients and its risk factors and to study the impact of dyspnea in sexual activity. METHODS: Cross-sectional study that included sexually active male patients with COPD...
June 16, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625882/analysis-of-sarcoidosis-in-the-oporto-region-portugal
#13
A V Cardoso, P C Mota, N Melo, S Guimarães, C Souto Moura, J M Jesus, R Cunha, A Morais
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Epidemiological studies of different populations are essential because clinical presentation, organ involvement, disease severity, and prognosis vary significantly according to region and population. The aim of this study was to assess epidemiological and clinical characteristics, staging factors, and clinical course in patients with sarcoidosis from a tertiary hospital in Oporto, Portugal. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with sarcoidosis and at least 2 years of follow-up evaluated at the Centro Hospitalar de São João between 2000 and 2014...
June 15, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625881/effects-of-exposure-to-biomass-burning-on-pulmonary-inflammatory-markers-and-pulmonary-function-in-individuals-with-copd
#14
D Ramos, M Proença, M R Leite, A D Ferreira, I B Trevisan, G F S Brígida, G Y Tacao, E M C Ramos
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has many benefits for individuals with COPD. However, it is not clear whether PR could prevent the hazards of air pollution exposure. This study aimed to analyze the effects of biomass burning exposure on pulmonary inflammatory markers and pulmonary function in individuals with COPD, participants and non-participants of PR. METHODS: 35 subjects were divided into three groups: individuals with COPD who received PR (G1, n=15), those who did not (G2, n=10), and a control group composed of healthy individuals without COPD (CG, n=10)...
June 15, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623106/the-role-of-physiotherapy-in-patients-undergoing-pulmonary-surgery-for-lung-cancer-a-literature-review
#15
F Kendall, P Abreu, P Pinho, J Oliveira, P Bastos
This review aims to appraise the role of physiotherapy care in patients submitted to pulmonary surgery, in preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative phases. Pulmonary surgery is the gold standard treatment for patients with lung cancer if it is completely resectable. However, the major impairments and complications induced by surgery are well known. Physiotherapy has been regularly used both in the preparation of the surgical candidates; in their functional recovery in the immediate postoperative period, and in the medium/long term but there is a lack of concise evidence-based recommendations...
June 13, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606378/predictors-of-talc-slurry-pleurodesis-success-in-patients-with-malignant-pleural-effusions
#16
P S Santos, M A Marques, C Cruz, H Monteiro, F Fradinho
INTRODUCTION: Malignant pleural effusions are an important burden of malignant disease. Slurry talc pleurodesis remains one of the most common and effective therapeutic options. AIM: Investigate the predictive factors related with the efficacy of this technique in malignant pleural effusions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all pleurodesis performed during a 10-year period in a Pulmonology Unit. All demographic and clinical data were collected, including the histologic tumoral type and the biochemical, microbiological and cytological fluid features...
June 9, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602732/does-omalizumab-impair-glucose-homeostasis-in-a-patient-with-severe-persistent-asthma-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
LETTER
S Hamada, A Kuroe, M Tsukino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 8, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600174/titration-with-automatic-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
C Dias, L Sousa, L Batata, R Reis, F Teixeira, J Moita, J Moutinho Dos Santos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Autotitrating positive airway pressure (APAP) is an accepted titration method to determine the optimal positive airway pressure (PAP), for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The required duration of APAP monitoring to determine a fixed continuous positive airway pressure level still remains to be established. We aimed to evaluate the variation in PAP level, delivered by APAP devices, at different periods of treatment, to determine the APAP treatment duration required to reach an effective and stable PAP level...
June 6, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596012/effects-of-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-cardiovascular-and-metabolic-markers-in-males-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
A Feliciano, M J Oliveira, A Cysneiros, C Martinho, R P Reis, D Penque, P Pinto, C Bárbara
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with cardiovascular/metabolic complications. Some analytical parameters (homocysteine, glycemic and lipidic profiles) are recognized markers of these consequences. Limited data is available on the association of these markers and OSAS's severity/response to positive airway pressure therapy (PAP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this prospective study we analyzed polysomnographic and analytical data of male patients admitted to sleep laboratory...
June 5, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579149/assessment-of-dyspnea-and-dynamic-hyperinflation-in-male-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-during-a-six-minute-walk-test-and-an-incremental-treadmill-cardiorespiratory-exercise-test
#20
M Alfonso, V Bustamante, P Cebollero, M Antón, S Herrero, J B Gáldiz
The six minute walk test (6MWT) is a standardized test that provides information on exercise capacity in patients with COPD. It is considered a submaximal test in opposition to incremental cardiopulmonary exercise tests (CPET) that provide valuable information on all the systems involved in exercise. OBJECTIVES: 1. To compare the perceptive, physiological responses and degree of dynamic hyperinflation during two exercise tests: the 6MWT and the incremental CPET on a treadmill. 2. To evaluate how dyspnea is related to dynamic hyperinflation (DH) and other functional parameters in both tests...
June 1, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
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