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Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789098/asma-constituent-organization-presidents-for-2018-2019
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789097/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789096/use-of-the-fieseler-stork-in-world-war-ii-aeromedical-evacuation
#3
Viktor Harsch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789095/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#4
(no author information available yet)
Holmes RL. You're the flight surgeon: zika virus infection. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(6):572-575.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789094/the-evolving-science-of-drug-detection
#5
Philip Kemp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789093/letter-to-the-editor-re-you-re-the-flight-surgeon-foot-drop-letter
#6
Roger Hesselbrock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789092/letter-to-the-editor-re-you-re-the-flight-surgeon-foot-drop-response
#7
Maj Anthony B Patterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789091/spinal-stiffness-in-prone-and-upright-postures-during-0-1-8-g-induced-by-parabolic-flight
#8
Jaap Swanenburg, Michael L Meier, Anke Langenfeld, Petra Schweinhardt, B Kim Humphreys
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze posterior-to-anterior spinal stiffness in Earth, hyper-, and microgravity conditions during both prone and upright postures. CASE REPORT: During parabolic flight, the spinal stiffness of the L3 vertebra of a healthy 37-yr-old man was measured in normal Earth gravity (1.0 g), hypergravity (1.8 g), and microgravity (0.0 g) conditions induced in the prone and upright positions. Differences in spinal stiffness were significant across all three gravity conditions in the prone and upright positions...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789090/the-giant-hand-illusion-experienced-on-a-simulator
#9
Petr Frantis, Antonin Petru
BACKGROUND: This paper discusses a special kind of a sensory illusion-the Giant Hand illusion-that was experienced during an exercise on a flight simulator equipped with a VR headset. In the first part we describe spatial disorientation and the function of the vestibular apparatus during flight and its consequences. In this part, the sensory illusion simulator used for the experiment is mentioned. In the second part we describe the simulator and test flight. In the third part we discuss data retrieved during simulator flights that are important for explaining the Giant Hand illusion...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789089/-gz-exposure-and-spinal-injury-induced-flight-duty-limitations
#10
Tuomas Honkanen, Roope Sovelius, Matti Mäntysaari, Heikki Kyröläinen, Janne Avela, Tuomo K Leino
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to find out if possible differences in early military flight career +Gz exposure level could predict permanent flight duty limitations (FDL) due to spinal disorders during a pilot's career. METHODS: The study population consisted of 23 pilots flying with Gz limitation (max limitation ranging from +2 Gz to +5 Gz) due to spinal disorders and 50 experienced (+1000 flight hours) symptomless controls flying actively in operative missions in the Finnish Air Force...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789088/the-danger-zone-for-noise-hazards-around-the-black-hawk-helicopter
#11
Heath G Jones, Nathaniel T Greene, Michael R Chen, Cierrah M Azcona, Brandon J Archer, Efrem R Reeves
BACKGROUND: During ground operations, rotary-wing aircraft engines and subsystems produce noise hazards that place airfield personnel at risk for hearing damage. The noise exposure levels outside the aircraft during various operating conditions, and the distances from aircraft at which they drop to safe levels, are not readily available. The current study measured noise levels at various positions around the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter for three operating conditions typically used when the aircraft is on the ground...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789087/individual-differences-in-adaptability-to-isolated-confined-and-extreme-environments
#12
Paul T Bartone, Gerald P Krueger, Jocelyn V Bartone
INTRODUCTION: Future deep space missions will expose astronauts to more intense stressors than previously encountered. Isolation will be greater and more prolonged, living and work areas more confined, and communications and resupply channels to Earth longer and less reliable. Astronauts will need to function more autonomously, with less guidance and support from Earth. Thus, it is important to select and train astronauts who can adapt and function effectively under extreme and variable conditions...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789086/acute-mild-hypoxic-hypoxia-effects-on-cognitive-and-simulated-aircraft-pilot-performance
#13
Fethi Bouak, Oshin Vartanian, Kevin Hofer, Bob Cheung
BACKGROUND: The effects of acute mild hypoxic hypoxia (HH) and physical activity on physiological measures, signs and symptoms, mood, fatigue, cognition, and performance on a simulated flight task were investigated between 8000 (8K; 2438 m) and 14,000 ft (14K; 4267 m). METHOD: In a hypobaric chamber, 16 military helicopter pilots were randomly exposed to 4 altitudes and 3 physical exertion levels. After each exercise period, participants identified targets on a designated flight path on a desktop simulator and completed a cognitive test battery...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789085/acute-exposure-to-low-to-moderate-carbon-dioxide-levels-and-submariner-decision-making
#14
Christopher D Rodeheffer, Sarah Chabal, John M Clarke, David M Fothergill
BACKGROUND: Submarines routinely operate with higher levels of ambient carbon dioxide (CO2) (i.e., 2000 - 5000 ppm) than what is typically considered normal (i.e., 400 - 600 ppm). Although significant cognitive impairments are rarely reported at these elevated CO2 levels, recent studies using the Strategic Management Simulation (SMS) test have found impairments in decision-making performance during acute CO2 exposure at levels as low as 1000 ppm. This is a potential concern for submarine operations, as personnel regularly make mission-critical decisions that affect the safety and efficiency of the vessel and its crew while exposed to similar levels of CO2...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789084/amplified-pilot-head-vibration-and-the-effects-of-vibration-mitigation-on-neck-muscle-strain
#15
Heather E Wright Beatty, Andrew J Law, J Russell Thomas, Viresh Wickramasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Rotary wing pilot neck strain is increasing in prevalence due to the combined effects of head supported mass (e.g., Night Vision Goggles, head mounted displays) and whole-body vibration. This study examined the physiological responses of pilots during exposure to whole-body vibration (WBV) representative of the National Research Council's Bell 412 helicopter in forward flight. WBV levels were measured and evaluated using the ISO-2631-1-1997 WBV standards. METHODS: Twelve pilots (aged 20-59 yr, 7 of the 12 with 20+ years flight experience) underwent six 15-min vibration trials on a human rated shaker platform...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789083/low-baseline-sympathetic-tone-correlates-to-a-greater-blood-pressure-change-in-the-cold-pressor-test
#16
Marylen Youssef, Azadeh Ghassemi, Catalina Marysol Carvajal Gonczi, Thiffya Arabi Kugathasan, Robert D Kilgour, Peter J Darlington
BACKGROUND: The cold pressor test (CPT) involves acute hand or foot exposure to cold water. CPT hyper-responders have unique traits, including risk of hypertension and a greater vasoconstrictor reserve and g force tolerance compared to hypo-responders. The purpose of this study was to uncover differences in cardiovascular and sympathetic biomarkers between responder types. METHODS: Healthy volunteers (N = 30) submerged one hand into cold water (3.3 ± 0.8°C) for 5 min...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789082/the-differential-effect-of-sustained-operations-on-psychomotor-skills-of-helicopter-pilots
#17
Terry W McMahon, David G Newman
INTRODUCTION: Flying a helicopter is a complex psychomotor skill requiring constant control inputs from pilots. A deterioration in psychomotor performance of a helicopter pilot may be detrimental to operational safety. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that psychomotor performance deteriorates over time during sustained operations and that the effect is more pronounced in the feet than the hands. The subjects were helicopter pilots conducting sustained multicrew offshore flight operations in a demanding environment...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789081/the-need-for-global-connection-and-collaboration
#18
Roland Vermeiren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673439/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673438/remembering-dr-william-randolph-randy-lovelace-ii
#20
Richard Jennings, Stephen Veronneau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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