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Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634708/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634707/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#2
(no author information available yet)
Carnes BG, Pavelites JJ, Grigley DT. You're the flight surgeon: shortness of breath. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(9):833-835.
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634706/potential-utility-of-a-cost-effective-virtual-reality-system-for-treatment-of-fear-of-flying
#3
Douglas Boyd, John Hart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634705/endovascular-treatment-of-a-severe-stroke-occurring-in-a-commercial-airplane-over-the-sahara
#4
Christian Foerch, Christoph A Mayer, Joachim Berkefeld, Se-Jong You
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of an acute stroke syndrome during a long-distance flight demands critical decisions from the crew and attendant physicians. One in particular is whether the flight should be continued or be detoured to a nearby airport. CASE REPORT: We describe a 42-yr-old woman who suffered from a severe stroke in a commercial airplane over the Sahara. The captain, together with a physician aboard and the next of kin, decided not to detour to north African or south European airports, but to continue flying to Frankfurt, Germany (final destination; remaining flight time 4 h), where an efficient transfer infrastructure and an advanced medical standard were presumed...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634704/loss-of-consciousness-during-single-sling-helicopter-hoist-rescue-resulting-in-a-fatal-fall
#5
Jessie Biles, Alan A Garner
INTRODUCTION: Although harness suspension trauma has been documented since the 1960s, especially in the mountaineering setting, there is little robust medical research into the area. Helicopter hoist rescue shares similar risks and is reserved for those cases that cannot be accessed safely by other routes, where extrication may be hazardous or will take an unreasonable amount of time. The single sling or chest harness used for hoist rescue is a single harness around the upper torso and is easier and quicker to apply than a stretcher...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634703/flying-after-conducting-an-aircraft-excessive-cabin-leakage-test
#6
Stephen Houston, Elizabeth Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: Aviation medical specialists should be aware that commercial airline aircraft engineers may undertake a 'dive equivalent' operation while conducting maintenance activities on the ground. We present a worked example of an occupational risk assessment to determine a minimum safe preflight surface interval (PFSI) for an engineer before flying home to base after conducting an Excessive Cabin Leakage Test (ECLT) on an unserviceable aircraft overseas. METHOD: We use published dive tables to determine the minimum safe PFSI...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634702/sleep-and-fatigue-differences-in-the-two-most-common-types-of-commercial-flight-operations
#7
Cátia Reis, Catarina Mestre, Helena Canhão, David Gradwell, Teresa Paiva
BACKGROUND: Sleep and fatigue management is one of the main challenges in airline operations scheduling. Our aim was to compare the differences regarding fatigue, sleep, and labor specificities between the two most common types of flight, short/medium haul (SM-H) and long haul (L-H), in a large sample of airline pilots. METHODS: A self-report questionnaire was developed, composed of socio-economic and labor questions, and psychological assessment scales for fatigue and sleep...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634701/3d-printed-surgical-instruments-evaluated-by-a-simulated-crew-of-a-mars-mission
#8
Julielynn Y Wong, Andreas C Pfahnl
INTRODUCTION: The first space-based fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printer became operational in 2014. This study evaluated whether Mars simulation crewmembers of the Hawai'i Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (HI-SEAS) II mission with no prior surgical experience could utilize acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) thermoplastic surgical instruments FDM 3D printed on Earth to complete simulated surgical tasks. METHODS: This study sought to examine the feasibility of using 3D printed surgical tools when the primary crew medical officer is incapacitated and the back-up crew medical officer must conduct a surgical procedure during a simulated extended space mission...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634700/assessment-of-a-prototype-apache-flight-eyewear
#9
David V Walsh, Gina M Jurek, William E McLean, Jonathan K Statz, Roddricus L Allen, Daniel W Riggs
BACKGROUND: Apache pilots needing refractive correction are issued modified HGU-4/P aviator spectacles. However, a recently published survey found field of view (FOV) dissatisfaction with the current spectacles when sighting in with a Helmet Display Unit (HDU). A current Air Force flight frame was modified in-lab and the purpose of this study was to evaluate the FOV with the current Apache flight frame vs. the modified flight frame. METHODS: Recruited were 21 Apache pilots to assess FOV under three conditions: 1) wearing the current Apache frame; 2) wearing the modified Apache frame; and 3) wearing no frame...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634699/characterization-of-low-back-pain-in-pilots-and-maintenance-technicians-on-a-commercial-airline
#10
Hugo A Fajardo Rodriguez, Viviana A Ortiz Mayorga
INTRODUCTION: Lower back pain (LBP) is the most common complaint worldwide and the leading cause of disability in the workplace. In Colombia there are no epidemiological data on low back pain in aviation. This study aimed to characterize lower back pain in pilots and maintenance technicians in a Colombian commercial airline. METHODS: Information was collected from the total population in a Colombian commercial airline in Bogota during the period from 2011 to 2013 using a voluntary survey which requested demographics, occupational (LEST survey) factors, back pain, and chronic pain (chronic pain grade scale)...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634698/metabolic-syndrome-in-military-aircrew-using-a-candidate-definition
#11
Sanjiv Sharma, A M Chandrashekar, Vishal Singh
INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the Indian population varies from 31.6 to 41.1%. Indians, without being conventionally obese, but inherently insulin resistant, have higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Since military aircrew, belonging to the same ethnic pool, may reflect similar prevalence of MetS as the general Indian populace, this study was undertaken to find the prevalence of MetS among Indian military aircrew using one candidate definition...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634697/social-occupational-and-cultural-adaptation-during-a-12-month-wintering-in-antarctica
#12
Michel Nicolas, Sheryl L Bishop, Karine Weiss, Marvin Gaudino
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Life in isolated and confined environments (ICEs) is subject to important constraints which can generate psychosociologically impaired outcomes. This study investigated psychological, social, occupational, and cultural variables which are among the most important determinants in adaptation to a one-year wintering in Antarctica for 13 international subjects. RESULTS: Our findings confirm and give further insight into the role of social (Cohesiveness, Social Support) and occupational (Implementation/Preparedness, Counterproductive Activity, Decision Latitude, and Psychological Job Demands) dimensions of adaptation to ICEs...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634696/association-of-individual-characteristics-with-teleoperation-performance
#13
Dan Pan, Yijing Zhang, Zhizhong Li, Zhiqiang Tian
BACKGROUND: A number of space activities (e.g., extravehicular astronaut rescue, cooperation in satellite services, space station supplies, and assembly) are implemented directly or assisted by remote robotic arms. Our study aimed to reveal those individual characteristics which could positively influence or even predict teleoperation performance of such a space robotic arm. METHODS: There were 64 male volunteers without robot operation experience recruited for the study...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634695/compilation-of-cognitive-and-personality-norms-for-military-aviators
#14
Thomas R Carretta, Raymond E King, Malcolm James Ree, Mark S Teachout, Erica Barto
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of individuals on abilities or other characteristics is based on comparison to a representative sample. General population norms provide an appropriate reference group when the distribution of scores in the sample can be expected to be similar to those for the general population (e.g., comparing high school students at a particular school to national high school norms on a college entrance test). Specialized norms are needed, however, when subsets of the population differ from the population at large...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634694/time-to-plan-time-to-engage-time-to-promote
#15
David P Gradwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634693/contents
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634613/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634612/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#18
(no author information available yet)
Bozung TK. You're the flight surgeon: venous thoracic outlet syndrome. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2016; 87(8):748-751.
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634611/technique-for-performing-lumbar-puncture-in-microgravity-using-portable-radiography
#19
David J Lerner, Allen J Parmet, Steven Don, Joshua S Shimony, Manu S Goyal
INTRODUCTION: Visual Impairment and Intracranial Pressure Syndrome (VIIP) has caused symptomatology during and after long duration missions on the International Space Station (ISS). Only indirect measurements of intracranial pressure (ICP), such as ultrasound, have been performed on ISS. Discussion and interest has happened at NASA about performing lumbar puncture (LP) in microgravity. Only the "blind" palpation approach and the ultrasound-assisted approach have been discussed. This article, as proof of concept, discusses the possibility of portable radiography to assist lumbar punctures in microgravity...
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634610/recurrence-of-neurological-deficits-in-an-f-a-18d-pilot-following-loss-of-cabin-pressure-at-altitude
#20
Tom Robinson, Jose S Evangelista, Emi Latham, Samir T Mukherjee, Andrew Pilmanis
INTRODUCTION: Supersonic, high altitude aviation places its pilots and aircrew in complex environments, which may lead to injury that is not easily diagnosed or simply treated. Decompression illness (either venous or arterial) and environmental conditions (e.g., abnormal gases and pressure) are the most likely adverse effects aircrew often face. Though symptomatic aircrew personnel may occasionally require hyperbaric oxygen treatment, it is rare to require more than one treatment before returning to baseline function...
August 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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