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Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020067/ortega-is-president-elect-of-asma-vermeiren-installed-as-president
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020066/abstracts-not-presented
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020065/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020064/ralph-n-greene-m-d-second-president-of-the-aero-medical-association
#4
Douglas S Files
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020063/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#5
(no author information available yet)
Nussbaum L. You're the flight surgeon: loss of consciousness while exercising. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(8):760-762.
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020062/medical-guidelines-for-airline-travel-management-of-in-flight-cardiac-arrest
#6
Keith J Ruskin, Eduard M Ricaurte, Paulo M Alves
Although cardiac arrest during airline flights is relatively uncommon, the unusual setting, limited resources, and the variability of the skills in medical volunteers present unique challenges. Survival in patients who suffer a witnessed arrest with a shockable rhythm who are treated promptly has improved since the advent of widely available automated external defibrillators (AEDs). In general, the chances of survival from an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are greater when ventricular fibrillation (VF) is seen as the initial rhythm or if there is return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020061/a-case-study-of-severe-space-motion-sickness
#7
Millard F Reschke, Scott J Wood, Gilles R Clément
BACKGROUND: Motion sickness remains a significant and unpredictable problem during spaceflight. One of the major difficulties in understanding the etiology of space motion sickness has been a lack of data at the time the symptoms occur, i.e., immediately after entry into space and during return to Earth; in these phases of the mission is when critical operational tasks are performed. CASE REPORT: We report here the case of a crewmember who experienced severe motion sickness symptoms immediately after launching into space and for several days into the mission...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020060/semicircular-canal-size-and-shape-influence-on-disorientation
#8
Bob Cheung, William Ercoline
INTRODUCTION: Orientation in a 3-dimensional environment increases demands on the vestibular system. The anterior, lateral, and posterior semicircular canals sense pitch, roll, and yaw acceleration, respectively. The macular end organs sense linear acceleration and provide gravity reference. Creatures that evolved to fly (birds) share the same sensory systems and probably the same limitations as creatures that did not evolve to fly. However, bird semicircular canals have been noted for their large size relative to body mass since 1907...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020059/color-vision-tests-in-pilots-medical-assessments
#9
Marie Marechal, Maxime Delbarre, Joachim Tesson, Carole Lacambre, Hélène Lefebvre, Françoise Froussart-Maille
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of eight color vision tests to screen for and accurately measure hereditary color-deficiency in order to improve color vision assessment methods for aircraft pilots. METHODS: This prospective study included 29 color-deficient subjects and 23 healthy subjects. All performed the following tests: Ishihara plates, Farnsworth D15, Lanthony desaturated 15 Hue, Munsell 100 Hue, Beyne and Fletcher-Evans CAM lanterns, Nagel anomaloscope, and the Color Assessment and Diagnosis (CAD) test...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020058/energy-drink-and-nutritional-supplement-beliefs-among-naval-aviation-candidates
#10
Thomas E Sather, Conrad L Woolsey, Donald R Delorey, Ronald D Williams
INTRODUCTION: The National Academy of Medicine called for increased research on nutritional supplement use among military members. Current research has suggested potential health risks posed by energy drink consumption. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of energy drink consumption and beliefs about nutritional supplements in a U.S. military population. METHODS: Data were collected by means of an anonymous 44-item survey that was administered to and completed by 302 naval aviation candidates (100% response rate) enrolled in aviation preflight indoctrination (API) at Naval Air Station Pensacola, FL...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020057/portable-autorefractors-for-detecting-axial-length-changes-in-space
#11
Kseniya S Masterova, Allison P Anderson, Devin R Cowan, Abigail M Fellows, Michael E Zegans, Jay C Buckey
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the reproducibility of two portable, self-administered autorefractors (Netra and SVOne Pro) to assess the time course of visual changes on the ISS. METHODS: We measured cycloplegic refractive error at 5 visits at least a week apart in 13 subjects (6 women, 7 men, 30 ± 9 yr) using both devices seated and also prone with lower body positive pressure (LBPP) applied. Axial length was measured with an optical biometer. Subjects completed a questionnaire on device preferences...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020056/quantitative-pupillometry-for-detection-of-intracranial-pressure-changes-during-head-down-tilt
#12
Timothy A Soeken, Al Alonso, Aaron Grant, Eusebia Calvillo, Barbara Gutierrez-Flores, Jonathan Clark, Dorit Donoviel, Eric M Bershad
BACKGROUND: There is a need to develop noninvasive methods to monitor intracranial pressure (ICP). Pupillary reactivity decreases in patients with elevated ICP with demonstrated cerebral edema. We sought to determine whether pupillary reactivity is affected when ICP is elevated in the absence of brain edema. METHODS: Healthy subjects and individuals with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) underwent pupillometry in different positions (upright, supine, and head-down tilt) and during different physiological maneuvers...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020055/fatigue-incident-antecedents-consequences-and-aviation-operational-risk-management-resources
#13
Megan B Morris, Megan D Wiedbusch, Glenn Gunzelmann
BACKGROUND: Flight crew fatigue is an important factor in aviation, leading organizations to implement fatigue risk management programs to reduce risk. The U.S. Air Force Air Mobility Command (AMC) has implemented the Aviation Operational Risk Management (AvORM) program to aid mission schedulers and flight crews in mitigating flight risks and identifying appropriate levels of risk. The AvORM program uses a scheduling tool and underpinning biomathematical fatigue model. This study examined self-reported fatigue-related incidents within AMC, which provides some indirect and anecdotal evidence as to the effectiveness of the scheduling tool...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020054/perclos-as-an-indicator-of-slow-onset-hypoxia-in-aviation
#14
Jennifer E Thropp, Jeffrey F V Scallon, Paul Buza
BACKGROUND: PERCLOS is a metric that has been primarily studied in the domain of driver fatigue to predict performance decrements, but there is comparatively less research applying it to aviation, where hypoxia is a safety concern. Hypoxic exposure was expected to increase blink activity, possibly by means of impairing blink inhibition behavior, thereby leading to increased eyelid closure time. METHODS: PERCLOS, blink rate, and blink duration were measured using head-mounted eye-tracking on pilots using a flight simulator inside a hypobaric chamber...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020053/local-pressure-application-effects-on-neurological-and-circulatory-function
#15
Kenneth E Games, Joni M Lakin, John C Quindry, Wendi H Weimar, JoEllen M Sefton
BACKGROUND: Pain and discomfort reported during sitting is a significant problem for aviators during prolonged missions. Previous work has determined that areas of local pressure exist during prolonged sitting in UH-60 seat systems; however, no work has examined the effects of this local pressure on measures of neurological and circulatory function. METHODS: A total of 30 healthy subjects completed the study in which focal pressure was applied in three conditions (no pressure, pressure to the ischial tuberosity, and pressure to the posterior thigh)...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020052/general-aviation-accidents-involving-octogenarian-airmen-implications-for-medical-evaluation
#16
Douglas D Boyd
BACKGROUND: No upper age limit exists at which general aviation pilots are disallowed from exercising their flying privileges. Operating an aircraft, and landing in particular, requires high visual acuity, cognitive function, and eye-hand/foot coordination; i.e., functions which commonly deteriorate with age. No studies have addressed flight safety of airmen ≥ 80 yr of age (octogenarian+ or 80+) or whether such airmen are more landing accident-prone. This research seeks to answer these questions...
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020051/the-asma-global-connection-story-with-esam
#17
Roland Vermeiren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921364/2018-award-winners-of-the-aerospace-medical-association
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921363/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921362/disorientation-stress-with-jet-splashing-into-the-sea-the-survival-of-ins-admiral-peter-debrass
#20
Jayashri Devi Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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