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Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417847/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417846/captain-nels-o-monserud-and-medical-consideration-of-the-women-air-force-service-pilots-an-enduring-legacy
#2
Richard T Jennings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417845/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#3
(no author information available yet)
Chumbley EM. You're the flight surgeon: a case of bilateral leg pain and swelling in a loadmaster. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(5):511-515.
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417844/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#4
(no author information available yet)
McLaughlin CM. You're the flight surgeon: atypical hypothyroid presentation. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2017; 88(5):509-511.
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417843/letter-to-the-editor-re-hypoxia-occurrence-in-a-military-aviator-below-3048-m-letter
#5
Savas Ilbasmis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417842/blood-injection-injury-b-i-i-specific-phobia-affects-the-outcome-of-hypoxic-challenge-testing
#6
Kristofer J Spurling, Veronica P McGoldrick
BACKGROUND: Blood-injection-injury (B-I-I) phobia is capable of producing inaccurate hypoxic challenge testing results due to anxiety-induced hyperventilation. CASE REPORT: A 69-yr-old woman with a history of hypersensitivity pneumonitis, restrictive spirometry, exercise desaturation requiring supplementary oxygen on mobilizing, reduced DLco, and B-I-I phobia was referred for hypoxic challenge testing (HCT) to assess in-flight oxygen requirements. HCT was performed by breathing a 15% FIo2 gas mixture, simulating the available oxygen in ambient air onboard aircraft pressurized to an equivalent altitude of 8000 ft...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417841/benign-episodic-unilateral-mydriasis-in-a-flight-nurse
#7
Anthony Schiemer
BACKGROUND: Benign episodic unilateral mydriasis is one cause of anisocoria. This phenomenon is thought to be related to an imbalance between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. There is a documented association with migraines, but asymptomatic cases have also been reported. A challenge with all cases is the level of investigation required to exclude more sinister causes of nervous system dysfunction. In a dynamic flight environment, additional considerations need to be made, such as varying light levels and use of night vision devices...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417840/emergency-highway-landings-in-general-aviation-and-the-possible-role-of-media-reports
#8
Emily Holzman, Alex de Voogt
BACKGROUND: To examine the causes and factors of airplane landings on highways and the dangers to occupants of vehicles on the ground. METHODS: The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board online database provided 133 accidents involving a highway landing dating from 2000 to 2013. Supplemental information was sought in online media archives, which reported on 53 of these accidents. Collisions with highway-related objects, other options for landing, and witness accounts were added categories extracted from the narrative statements and media reports...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417839/mortality-due-to-cardiovascular-disease-among-apollo-lunar-astronauts
#9
Robert J Reynolds, Steven M Day
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has postulated increased cardiovascular mortality for astronauts who participated in the Apollo lunar missions. The conclusions, however, are based on small numbers of astronauts, are derived from methods with known weaknesses, and are not consistent with prior research. METHODS: Records for NASA astronauts and U.S. Air Force astronauts were analyzed to produce standardized mortality ratios. Lunar astronauts were compared to astronauts who have never flown in space (nonflight astronauts), those who have only flown missions in low Earth orbit (LEO astronauts), and the U...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417838/transferring-aviation-practices-into-clinical-medicine-for-the-promotion-of-high-reliability
#10
Nicole Powell-Dunford, Mark K McPherson, Joseph S Pina, Steven J Gaydos
BACKGROUND: Aviation is a classic example of a high reliability organization (HRO)-an organization in which catastrophic events are expected to occur without control measures. As health care systems transition toward high reliability, aviation practices are increasingly transferred for clinical implementation. METHODS: A PubMed search using the terms aviation, crew resource management, and patient safety was undertaken. Manuscripts authored by physician pilots and accident investigation regulations were analyzed...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417837/flight-crew-workload-evaluation-based-on-the-workload-function-distribution-method
#11
Yiyuan Zheng, Yanyu Lu, Yuwen Jie, Shan Fu
BACKGROUND: The minimum flight crew on the flight deck should be established according to the workload for individual crewmembers. Typical workload measures consist of three types: subjective rating scale, task performance, and psychophysiological measures. However, all these measures have their own limitations. To reflect flight crew workload more specifically and comprehensively within the flight environment, and more directly comply with airworthiness regulations, the Workload Function Distribution Method, which combined the basic six workload functions, was proposed...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417836/cervical-spine-status-of-pilots-and-air-controllers-of-airborne-early-warning-and-control-aircraft
#12
Young Ho Shin, Chul Yun, Andrew Hogyu Han
INTRODUCTION: Many countries have developed their own airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) systems for use in surveying their territorial sky in real time. However, a review of the literature suggests that no studies have been conducted to analyze the cervical spine of pilots and air-controllers of AEW&C aircraft. METHODS: The study subjects were 80 pilots and air-controllers of AEW&C aircraft with a period of service of > 1 yr and had data on physical examinations, simple radiographs and functional scores of the axial skeleton, and questionnaires about lifestyle and working conditions...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417835/objective-vs-subjective-evaluation-of-cognitive-performance-during-0-4-mpa-dives-breathing-air-or-nitrox
#13
Peter Germonpré, Costantino Balestra, Walter Hemelryck, Peter Buzzacott, Pierre Lafère
BACKGROUND: Divers try to limit risks associated with their sport, for instance by breathing enriched air nitrox (EANx) instead of air. This double blinded, randomized trial was designed to see if the use of EANx could effectively improve cognitive performance while diving. METHODS: Eight volunteers performed two no-decompression dry dives breathing air or EANx for 20 min at 0.4 MPa. Cognitive functions were assessed with a computerized test battery, including MathProc and Ptrail...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417834/adaptive-changes-in-the-perception-of-fast-and-slow-movement-at-different-head-positions
#14
Roberto Panichi, Chiara Occhigrossi, Aldo Ferraresi, Mario Faralli, Marco Lucertini, Vito E Pettorossi
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the subjective sense of orientation during asymmetric body rotations in normal subjects. METHODS: Self-motion perception was investigated in 10 healthy individuals during asymmetric whole-body rotation with different head orientations. Both on-vertical axis and off-vertical axis rotations were employed. Subjects tracked a remembered earth-fixed visual target while rotating in the dark for four cycles of asymmetric rotation (two half-sinusoidal cycles of the same amplitude, but of different duration)...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417833/jugular-and-portal-vein-volume-middle-cerebral-vein-velocity-and-intracranial-pressure-in-dry-immersion
#15
Philippe Arbeille, Paul Avan, Loïc Treffel, Kathryn Zuj, Herve Normand, Pierre Denise
BACKGROUND: The objective was to determine if short term exposure to dry immersion (DI) results in a cephalic fluid shift similar to what has been observed with spaceflight. METHODS: Data were collected from 10 individuals at rest and during the first 2 h of dry immersion. Jugular vein (JV), portal vein (PV), and thyroid volume were measured using 3D echography. Middle cerebral vein velocity (MCVv) was determined using transcranial Doppler ultrasound. The cochlear response to audio stimulation was used to derive an estimate of intracranial pressure (dICP)...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417832/color-vision-in-color-display-night-vision-goggles
#16
Eric P Liggins, William P Serle
INTRODUCTION: Aircrew viewing eyepiece-injected symbology on color display night vision goggles (CDNVGs) are performing a visual task involving color under highly unnatural viewing conditions. Their performance in discriminating different colors and responding to color cues is unknown. METHODS: Experimental laboratory measurements of 1) color discrimination and 2) visual search performance are reported under adaptation conditions representative of a CDNVG. Color discrimination was measured using a two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) paradigm that probes color space uniformly around a white point...
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417831/hand-over-time
#17
David P Gradwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518016/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518015/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518014/erratum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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