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Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219127/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219126/boris-yeregov-first-physician-in-space-and-the-voskhod-1-spaceflight
#2
Mark R Campbell, John Charles
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219125/you-re-the-flight-surgeon
#3
(no author information available yet)
Levy B. You're the flight surgeon: alcohol-induced psychosis. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(10):933-935.
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219124/letter-to-the-editor-re-the-persistent-issue-of-simulator-sickness-in-naval-aviation-training-response
#4
Daniel J Geyer, Adam T Biggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219123/letter-to-the-editor-re-the-persistent-issue-of-simulator-sickness-in-naval-aviation-training-letter
#5
Michael J Cevette, Jan Stepanek, Gaurav Pradhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219122/bone-conduction-as-a-viable-alternative-to-current-communications-systems-in-fighter-cockpits
#6
Brian S Bradke, Zackary White, Jennifer Poston
INTRODUCTION: Effective voice communication is essential when operating aircraft. Because of the loud operating environment in fighter cockpits, it has been a challenge to provide effective communication while simultaneously protecting the hearing sense. The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of using bone conducting transducers (BCT) in place of legacy communications systems in fighter cockpits. METHODS: A military flight helmet was modified and outfitted with BCT and air-conducting speakers...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219121/semicircular-canal-dehiscence-syndrome-and-vestibular-dysfunction-disqualify-a-military-student-pilot
#7
James A Dreibelbis, Brooke E Organ
BACKGROUND: Humans detect motion and gravity via the labyrinthine system of the inner ear, which consists of the vestibule and the semicircular canals. The vestibular system provides three major functions for maintaining balance and orientation. First, it maximizes the effectiveness of the visual system. Second, it provides orientational information necessary for performing both skilled and reflexive motor activities. Third, in the absence of vision, the vestibular system provides a reasonably accurate perception of motion and position...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219120/thermal-regulation-of-emergency-oxygen-supplies-in-commercial-space-vehicles
#8
James M Pattarini, Rebecca S Blue, David J Alexander
INTRODUCTION: While NASA requires that commercial spaceflight vehicles provide onboard emergency oxygen supplies for crew, there are currently no requirements in place regarding thermal constraints of delivered gas. The question has been raised whether or not onboard emergency oxygen supplies must be warmed prior to administration to the crew, as inclusion of warming capabilities will increase the complexity and mass of life support systems in the vehicle. We sought to identify the risk of various inhaled oxygen temperatures and resultant pulmonary inflammatory response in potentially injured crewmembers...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219119/aeromedical-certification-following-mechanical-aortic-and-mitral-valve-implants-in-the-united-kingdom
#9
Tania Jagathesan, Sean O'Nunain, Michael O'Brien
BACKGROUND: For many years, anticoagulant therapy had been deemed unacceptable for civilian pilot medical certification in the United Kingdom under the Joint Aviation Authorities Requirements and, therefore, mechanical valve implants were disqualifying. In 2012, this restriction was removed by implementation of the European Union requirements. This study was undertaken to assess the medical evidence available to develop a certificatory policy following mechanical valve implants in the United Kingdom...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219118/the-u-s-experience-with-special-issuance-waivers
#10
William D Mills, Joshua T Davis
INTRODUCTION: The special issuance (SI) waiver is the primary mechanism for U.S. pilots who do not meet FAA standards to obtain a medical certificate. About 34,000 pilots possess an SI waiver, but there is a large gap in knowledge of the relationship of SI waivers to aviation safety. METHODS: All FAA pilot medical exams from 2002 through 2011 were matched to the National Transportation Safety Board accident database. The association of an SI waiver with accidents was explored using logistic regression models...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219117/content-validity-of-level-two-of-the-royal-air-force-aircrew-conditioning-programme
#11
Ellen Slungaard, Nicholas D C Green, Di J Newham, Stephen D R Harridge
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of flight-related neck pain in all Royal Air Force (RAF) aircrew is 66% and 70% in UK fast-jet aircrew. The RAF Aircrew Conditioning Programme (ACP) has been designed to enhance pilot performance through reducing fatigue and strain injuries, particularly to the neck. Content validity of the ACP was assessed to determine the appropriateness for delivery to aircrew. METHODS: Six international medical experts reviewed level two of the ACP, which is delivered to student aircrew who have completed basic instruction in cervical spine stability, core stability and initial technique instruction for strength training...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219116/monitoring-the-effectiveness-of-fatigue-risk-management-a-survey-of-pilots-concerns
#12
Philippa Gander, Jim Mangie, Adrienne Phillips, Edgar Santos-Fernandez, Lora J Wu
INTRODUCTION: Airlines are required to monitor the effectiveness of their pilot fatigue risk management. The present survey sought the views of all pilots at Delta Air Lines on fatigue-related issues raised by their colleagues participating in regular airline safety audits. METHODS: All 13,217 pilots from 9 aircraft fleets were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey. Questions related to aspects of scheduling, fatigue mitigations, and fatigue safety culture...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219115/chinese-herbal-medicine-effects-on-muscle-atrophy-induced-by-simulated-microgravity
#13
Shu Zhang, Ming Yuan, Cheng Cheng, Dong-Hui Xia, Shi-Wen Wu
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle atrophy is a striking example of the multiple changes in the physiological state of humans and animals induced by microgravity. Previous studies have shown that a blood circulation disorder may be a cause of this atrophy, and traditional Chinese medicine has been regarded as a potential countermeasure to reverse the atrophy in China. This study was carried out to test the effects of Xuefuzhuyu capsules (XFZY) on the skeletal muscle atrophy induced by simulated microgravity...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219114/spatial-disorientation-influences-on-pilots-visual-scanning-and-flight-performance
#14
Wietse D Ledegang, Eric L Groen
BACKGROUND: Adequate instrument scanning is considered an important countermeasure against spatial disorientation (SD). Remarkably, literature on the relation between SD and pilots' visual scanning is scarce. The objective of this simulator study was to investigate the influence of SD on pilots' visual scanning and flight performance. METHODS: In a ground-based SD simulator, 10 novice military pilots were asked to manually fly 3 circuits. Unknowingly to the pilots, the final circuit contained one visual and four vestibular SD events...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219113/change-detection-flicker-task-effects-on-simulator-induced-spatial-disorientation-events
#15
Rafał Lewkowicz, Agnieszka Fudali-Czyż, Bibianna Bałaj, Piotr Francuz
INTRODUCTION: A visual stimulus change detection is an extremely important pilot's cognitive process. This is especially true when pilot errors caused by perceptual failures have a negative effect on his/her spatial orientation. The aim of this research was to investigate the effect of the change detection flicker task (CDFT) on pilots' response to spatial disorientation (SD) events. We hypothesized that the additional cognitive processing, based on CDFT, produces more deterioration of the pilots' spatial orientation...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219112/spatial-orientation-and-directional-judgments-in-pilots-vs-nonpilots
#16
Paola Verde, Gregorio Angelino, Francesco Piccolo, Paolo Carrozzo, Alessia Bottiglieri, Laura Lugli, Laura Piccardi, Raffaella Nori
BACKGROUND: Reading a map requires the ability to judge one's position in a large-scale space from information presented in a small-scale representation. Individuals are more accurate and faster in making judgments when the "up" direction on the map is the same as the "forward" direction of the environment, which is when a map is aligned with the perspective of the spatial layout they have learned (alignment effect). The aim of this study was to explore whether military pilots, who have high spatial abilities, would not show the alignment effect compared with nonpilots...
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219111/the-asma-global-connection-story-with-easa
#17
Roland Vermeiren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219110/contents
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219128/contents
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126521/this-month-in-aerospace-medicine-history
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
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