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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574731/why-gene-editors-like-crispr-cas-may-be-a-game-changer-for-neuroweapons
#1
Diane DiEuliis, James Giordano
This year marks the Eighth Review Conference (RevCon) of the Biological Toxins and Weapons Convention (BWC). At the same time, ongoing international efforts to further and more deeply investigate the brain's complex neuronal circuitry are creating unprecedented capabilities to both understand and control neurological processes of thought, emotion, and behavior. These advances have tremendous promise for human health, but the potential for their misuse has also been noted, with most discussions centering on research and development of agents that are addressed by existing BWC and Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) proscriptions...
June 2, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574728/how-is-cdc-funded-to-respond-to-public-health-emergencies-federal-appropriations-and-budget-execution-process-for-non-financial-experts
#2
Leah S Fischer, Scott Santibanez, Greg Jones, Bethany Anderson, Toby Merlin
The federal budgeting process affects a wide range of people who work in public health, including those who work for government at local, state, and federal levels; those who work with government; those who operate government-funded programs; and those who receive program services. However, many people who are affected by the federal budget are not aware of or do not understand how it is appropriated or executed. This commentary is intended to give non-financial experts an overview of the federal budget process to address public health emergencies...
June 2, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574726/failing-states-as-epidemiologic-risk-zones-implications-for-global-health-security
#3
Katherine Hirschfeld
Failed states commonly experience health and mortality crises that include outbreaks of infectious disease, violent conflict, reductions in life expectancy, and increased infant and maternal mortality. This article draws from recent research in political science, security studies, and international relations to explore how the process of state failure generates health declines and outbreaks of infectious disease. The key innovation of this model is a revised definition of "the state" as a geographically dynamic rather than static political space...
June 2, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574725/the-diversity-of-challenges-in-the-control-of-measles-outbreaks
#4
Jeffrey D Gunzenhauser, Franklin D Pratt
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations. Readers may submit topics of interest to the column's editor, Meghan McGinty, PhD, MPH, MBA, at mmcginty@naccho...
June 2, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534717/global-health-security-agenda-joint-external-evaluation-and-legislation-a-1-year-review
#5
Michele Forzley
In 2014, the IHR Review Committee recommended moving from exclusive self-evaluation to a combination of domestic and independent experts and began the process in conjunction with stakeholders to develop the Joint External Evaluation tool. The tool was launched in February 2016, and at the 2016 WHA, the IHR Review Committee recommended that all states parties should undertake assessments of their core capacities using the JEE tool and results of other evaluation processes such as the OIE PVS. A goal was set to conduct 50 country JEE assessments prior to WHA 2017...
May 23, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534691/financial-woes-spell-trouble-for-the-biological-weapons-convention
#6
Kathryn Millett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426247/response-to-letter-on-immunoassays-for-field-screening-of-bacillus-anthracis-and-ricin
#7
Richard M Ozanich, Rachel A Bartholomew, Cynthia J Bruckner-Lea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418747/promoting-health-security-potential-role-and-future-directions-of-a-medical-university
#8
Usman Iqbal, Chia-Hui Wang, Suleman Atique, Nai-Wen Kuo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418746/risk-and-outbreak-communication-lessons-from-taiwan-s-experiences-in-the-post-sars-era
#9
Yu-Chen Hsu, Yu-Ling Chen, Han-Ning Wei, Yu-Wen Yang, Ying-Hwei Chen
In addition to the impact of a disease itself, public reaction could be considered another outbreak to be controlled during an epidemic. Taiwan's experience with SARS in 2003 highlighted the critical role played by the media during crisis communication. After the SARS outbreak, Taiwan's Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) followed the WHO outbreak communication guidelines on trust, early announcements, transparency, informing the public, and planning, in order to reform its risk communication systems. This article describes the risk communication framework in Taiwan, which has been used to respond to the 2009-2016 influenza epidemics, Ebola in West Africa (2014-16), and MERS-CoV in South Korea (2015) during the post-SARS era...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418745/taiwan-s-experience-in-hospital-preparedness-and-response-for-emerging-infectious-diseases
#10
Hui-Yun Kao, Hai-Yun Ko, Peng Guo, Chang-Hsun Chen, Su-Mei Chou
The Communicable Disease Control Medical Network (CDCMN), established in 2003 after the SARS outbreak in Taiwan, has undergone several phases of modification in structure and activation. The main organizing principles of the CDCMN are centralized isolation of patients with severe highly infectious diseases and centralization of medical resources, as well as a network of designated regional hospitals like those in other countries. The CDCMN is made up of a command system, responding hospitals, and supporting hospitals...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418744/taiwan-s-travel-and-border-health-measures-in-response-to-zika
#11
Li-Li Ho, Yu-Hui Tsai, Wang-Ping Lee, Szu-Tsai Liao, Li-Gin Wu, Yi-Chun Wu
Zika virus has recently emerged as a worldwide public health concern. Travel and border health measures stand as one of the main strategies and frontline defenses in responding to international epidemics. As of October 31, 2016, Taiwan has reported 13 imported cases, 5 of which were detected through routine entry screening and active monitoring at international airports. This article shares Taiwan's disease surveillance activities at designated points of entry and travel and border health measures in response to Zika...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418743/stockpile-model-of-personal-protective-equipment-in-taiwan
#12
Yu-Ju Chen, Po-Jung Chiang, Yu-Hsin Cheng, Chun-Wei Huang, Hui-Yun Kao, Chih-Kai Chang, Hsun-Miao Huang, Pei-Yin Liu, Jen-Hsin Wang, Yi-Chien Chih, Shu-Mei Chou, Chin-Hui Yang, Chang-Hsun Chen
The Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (Taiwan CDC) has established a 3-tier personal protective equipment (PPE) stockpiling framework that could maintain a minimum stockpile for the surge demand of PPE in the early stage of a pandemic. However, PPE stockpiling efforts must contend with increasing storage fees and expiration problems. In 2011, the Taiwan CDC initiated a stockpile replacement model in order to optimize the PPE stockpiling efficiency, ensure a minimum stockpile, use the government's limited funds more effectively, and achieve the goal of sustainable management...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418742/taiwan-s-public-health-national-laboratory-system-success-in-influenza-diagnosis-and-surveillance
#13
Ji-Rong Yang, Hwa-Jen Teng, Ming-Tsan Liu, Shu-Ying Li
Taiwan's National Laboratory System is one of the action packages of the Global Health Security Agenda, which was launched by the World Health Organization (WHO) to promote health security as an international priority and to encourage progress toward full implementation of the WHO International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005. The mission of each national laboratory system is to conduct real-time biosurveillance and effective laboratory-based diagnostics, as measured by a nationwide laboratory system able to reliably conduct diagnoses on specimens transported properly to designated laboratories from at least 80% of the regions in the country...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418741/implementation-of-the-ihr-joint-external-evaluation-taiwan-s-experiences
#14
Yi-Chun Lo
In February 2016, the World Health Organization developed the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool to independently assess country capacity to prevent, detect, and respond to public health threats as part of the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) monitoring and evaluation framework. In light of this, the Taiwan government actively engaged at least 19 government agencies or institutions and voluntarily implemented the JEE. An External Assessment Team consisting of 6 US subject matter experts conducted the external evaluation, including site visits, from June 21 to July 1, 2016...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418740/immunoassays-for-field-screening-of-bacillus-anthracis-and-ricin
#15
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418739/the-joint-external-evaluation-of-taiwan-the-external-evaluators-perspective
#16
Eric S Toner, Jennifer B Nuzzo, Matthew Shearer, Crystal Watson, Tara Kirk Sell, Anita Cicero
A team of experts from the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security conducted an independent external assessment of Taiwan's capabilities under the International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR), using the IHR Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool adopted by the World Health Organization and the Global Health Security Agenda. In this article we describe the methods and process of the assessment, identify lessons learned, and make recommendations for the government of Taiwan, the JEE process, and the JEE tool.
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418738/real-time-surveillance-of-infectious-diseases-taiwan-s-experience
#17
Shu-Wan Jian, Chiu-Mei Chen, Cheng-Yi Lee, Ding-Ping Liu
Integration of multiple surveillance systems advances early warning and supports better decision making during infectious disease events. Taiwan has a comprehensive network of laboratory, epidemiologic, and early warning surveillance systems with nationwide representation. Hospitals and clinical laboratories have deployed automatic reporting mechanisms since 2014 and have effectively improved timeliness of infectious disease and laboratory data reporting. In June 2016, the capacity of real-time surveillance in Taiwan was externally assessed and was found to have a demonstrated and sustainable capability...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418737/public-health-emergency-response-in-taiwan
#18
Yi-Feng Su, Cheng-Hao Wu, Tsui-Feng Lee
In recent years, growth of international travel and trade, as well as climate change, has resulted in the frequent emergence and reemergence of infectious diseases such as Ebola, Zika, and MERS. In 2016, Taiwan used the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) tool to evaluate its public health emergency response capacities and understand important areas for improvement. This article presents Taiwan's disaster and public health emergency response organizational structure, real-time integrated information, response processes, and command center structure...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388223/public-understanding-of-medical-countermeasures
#19
Brooke Fisher Liu, Sandra C Quinn, Michael Egnoto, Vicki Freimuth, Natalie Boonchaisri
Medical countermeasures, including new drugs and vaccines, are necessary to protect the public's health from novel diseases and terrorist threats. Experience with the 2001 anthrax attack and the 2009 H1N1 pandemic suggest that there is limited willingness to accept such drugs and that minority groups may respond differently from others. We conducted 148 intercept interviews in the metropolitan Washington, DC, area, examining 2 hypothetical scenarios: a new respiratory virus and public exposure to high levels of radiation...
March 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388218/the-department-of-defense-chemical-and-biological-defense-program-an-enabler-of-the-third-offset-strategy
#20
Jason Roos, Calvin Chue, Diane DiEuliis, Peter Emanuel
The US Department of Defense (DOD) established programs to defend against chemical and biological weapons 100 years ago because military leaders understood that the operational capability of the US military is diminished when service member health is compromised. These threats to operational readiness can be from an overt attack using chemical and biological threats but may also arise from natural exposures. In the current era of rapidly emerging technologies, adversaries are not only rediscovering chemical and biological weapons; they are also displaying an increased propensity to employ them to cause strategic instability among deployed forces or nations undergoing conflict...
March 2017: Health Security
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