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ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering

Thomas J Hinton, Andrew Hudson, Kira Pusch, Andrew Lee, Adam W Feinberg
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomer is used in a wide range of biomaterial applications including microfluidics, cell culture substrates, flexible electronics, and medical devices. However, it has proved challenging to 3D print PDMS in complex structures due to its low elastic modulus and need for support during the printing process. Here we demonstrate the 3D printing of hydrophobic PDMS prepolymer resins within a hydrophilic Carbopol gel support via freeform reversible embedding (FRE). In the FRE printing process, the Carbopol support acts as a Bingham plastic that yields and fluidizes when the syringe tip of the 3D printer moves through it, but acts as a solid for the PDMS extruded within it...
October 10, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Hang Ren, Joseph L Bull, Mark E Meyerhoff
Nitric oxide (NO) releasing polymers are promising in improving the biocompatibility of medical devices. Polyurethanes are commonly used to prepare/fabricate many devices (e.g., catheters); however, the transport properties of NO within different polyurethanes are less studied, creating a gap in the rational design of new NO releasing devices involving polyurethane materials. Herein, we study the diffusion and partitioning of NO in different biomedical polyurethanes via the time-lag method. The diffusion of NO is positively correlated with the PDMS content within the polyurethanes, which can be rationalized by effective media theory considering various microphase morphologies...
September 12, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Woong Hee Lee, Hang Ren, Jianfeng Wu, Ondrej Novak, Richard B Brown, Chuanwu Xi, Mark E Meyerhoff
Herein, we report a novel design and the antimicrobial efficacy of a flexible nitric oxide (NO) releasing patch for potential wound healing applications. The compact sized polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) planar patch generates NO via electrochemical reduction of nitrite ions mediated by a copper(II)-ligand catalyst using a portable power system and an internal gold coated stainless steel mesh working electrode. Patches are fabricated via soft lithography and 3-D printing. The devices can continuously release NO over 4 days and exhibit potent bactericidal effects on both Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus...
September 12, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Brittany N Eldridge, Brian W Bernish, Cale D Fahrenholtz, Ravi Singh
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and most lethal primary brain tumor with a 5 year overall survival rate of approximately 5%. Currently, no therapy is curative and all have significant side effects. Focal thermal ablative therapies are being investigated as a new therapeutic approach. Such therapies can be enhanced using nanotechnology. Carbon nanotube mediated thermal therapy (CNMTT) uses lasers that emit near infrared radiation to excite carbon nanotubes (CNTs) localized to the tumor to generate heat needed for thermal ablation...
June 13, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Emily R Shearier, Patrick K Bowen, Weilue He, Adam Drelich, Jaroslaw Drelich, Jeremy Goldman, Feng Zhao
Zinc (Zn) and its alloys have recently been introduced as a new class of biodegradable metals with potential application in biodegradable vascular stents. Although an in vivo feasibility study pointed to outstanding biocompatibility of Zn-based implants in vascular environments, a thorough understanding of how Zn and Zn(2+) affect surrounding cells is lacking. In this comparative study, three vascular cell types-human endothelial cells (HAEC), human aortic smooth muscle cells (AoSMC), and human dermal fibroblasts (hDF)-were studied to advance the understanding of Zn/Zn(2+)-cell interactions...
April 11, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Christopher J Lowe, Ian M Reucroft, Matthew C Grota, David I Shreiber
Matrix and cellular alignment are critical factors in the native function of many tissues, including muscle, nerve, and ligaments. Collagen is frequently a component of these aligned tissues, and collagen biomaterials are widely used in tissue engineering applications. However, the generation of aligned collagen scaffolds that maintain the native architecture of collagen fibrils has not been straightforward, with many methods requiring specialized equipment or technical procedures, extensive incubation times, or denaturing of the collagen...
April 11, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
John-Michael Williford, Maani M Archang, Il Minn, Yong Ren, Mark Wo, John Vandermark, Paul B Fisher, Martin G Pomper, Hai-Quan Mao
Nanoparticle-mediated gene delivery is a promising alternative to viral methods; however, its use in vivo, particularly following systemic injection, has suffered from poor delivery efficiency. Although PEGylation of nanoparticles has been successfully demonstrated as a strategy to enhance colloidal stability, its success in improving delivery efficiency has been limited, largely due to reduced cell binding and uptake, leading to poor transfection efficiency. Here we identified an optimized PEGylation scheme for DNA micellar nanoparticles that delivers balanced colloidal stability and transfection activity...
April 11, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Margaret Lashof-Sullivan, Mark Holland, Rebecca Groynom, Donald Campbell, Andrew Shoffstall, Erin Lavik
According to the CDC, the leading cause of death for both men and women between the ages of 5 and 44 is traumatic injury. Blood loss is the primary cause of death at acute time points post trauma. Early intervention is critical to save lives, and yet there are no treatments to stop internal bleeding that can be deployed in the field. In this work, we developed hemostatic nanoparticles that are stable at high temperatures (50 °C for 7 days) and are still effective at stopping bleeding and improving survival over the one hour time period in a rat liver injury model...
March 14, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Robert van Lith, Xuesong Wang, Guillermo Ameer
Intimal hyperplasia (IH) is a type of scarring that involves complex pathophysiological responses of the vasculature to injury, including overproliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), adventitial fibroblasts, and the activation of macrophages. The objective of this research was to develop a biodegradable polymer with intrinsic properties that would combat the cellular processes that contribute to IH. Citric acid, 1,8-octanediol, and all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) were incorporated into a polyester network via a condensation reaction to form the thermoset poly(1,8-octamethylene-citrate-co-retinate) (POCR)...
February 8, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Shaili Sharma, Nelda Vazquez-Portalatin, Sarah Calve, Alyssa Panitch
Aggrecan, the major proteoglycan in cartilage, serves to protect cartilage tissue from damage and degradation during the progression of osteoarthritis (OA). In cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) aggrecan exists in an aggregate composed of several aggrecan molecules that bind to a single filament of hyaluronan. Each molecule of aggrecan is composed of a protein core and glycosaminoglycan sides chains, the latter of which provides cartilage with the ability to retain water and resist compressive loads. During the progression of OA, loss of aggrecan is considered to occur first, after which other cartilage matrix components become extremely susceptible to degradation...
February 8, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Namrata Raman, Karen Marchillo, Myung-Ryul Lee, Angélica de L Rodríguez López, David R Andes, Sean P Palecek, David M Lynn
Candida albicans is the most prevalent cause of hospital-acquired fungal infections and forms biofilms on indwelling medical devices that are notoriously difficult to treat or remove. We recently demonstrated that the colonization of C. albicans on the surfaces of catheter tube segments can be reduced in vitro by coating them with polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) that release a potent antifungal β-peptide. Here, we report on the impact of polymer structure and film composition on both the inherent and β-peptide-mediated ability of PEM-coated catheters to prevent or reduce the formation of C...
January 11, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Zachary P Tolstyka, Haley Phillips, Mallory Cortez, Yaoying Wu, Nilesh Ingle, Jason B Bell, Perry B Hackett, Theresa M Reineke
The development and thorough characterization of nonviral delivery agents for nucleic acid and genome editing therapies are of high interest to the field of nanomedicine. Indeed, this vehicle class offers the ability to tune chemical architecture/biological activity and readily package nucleic acids of various sizes and morphologies for a variety of applications. Herein, we present the synthesis and characterization of a class of trehalose-based block copolycations designed to stabilize polyplex formulations for lyophilization and in vivo administration...
January 11, 2016: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Yu-Chieh Chiu, Joshua M Gammon, James I Andorko, Lisa H Tostanoski, Christopher M Jewell
New vaccine adjuvants that direct immune cells toward specific fates could support more potent and selective options for diseases spanning infection to cancer. However, the empirical nature of vaccines and the complexity of many formulations has hindered design of well-defined and easily characterized vaccines. We hypothesized that nanostructured capsules assembled entirely from polyionic immune signals might support a platform for simple, modular vaccines. These immune-polyelectrolyte (iPEM) capsules offer a high signal density, selectively expand T cells in mice, and drive functional responses during tumor challenge...
December 14, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Amy M Wen, Nga Le, Xin Zhou, Nicole F Steinmetz, Daniel L Popkin
Chronic viral infections (e.g., HIV, HBV, HCV) represent a significant source of morbidity and mortality with over 500 million people infected worldwide. Dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages are key cell types for productive viral replication and persistent systemic infection. We demonstrate that the plant virus cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) displays tropism for such antigen presenting cells in both mice and humans, thus making it an ideal candidate for targeted drug delivery toward viral infections. Furthermore, we show inhibition of a key host protein for viral infection, site-1 protease (S1P), using the small molecule PF-429242 in the model pathogen arenavirus lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) limits viral growth...
November 9, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Arun R Shrivats, Michael C McDermott, Molly Klimak, Saadyah E Averick, Haichun Pan, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Yuji Mishina, Jeffrey O Hollinger
Trauma-induced heterotopic ossification (HO) and fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) are acquired and genetic variants of pathological bone formation occurring in soft tissues. Conventional treatment modalities target the inflammatory processes preceding bone formation. We investigated the development of a prophylaxis for heterotopic bone formation by addressing the biological basis for HO - dysregulation in the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathway. We previously reported the synthesis of cationic nanogel nanostructured polymers (NSPs) for efficient delivery of short interfering ribonucleic acids (siRNAs) and targeted gene silencing...
November 9, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Dusty Rose Miller, Saurabh Das, Kuo-Ying Huang, Songi Han, Jacob N Israelachvili, J Herbert Waite
The role of friction in the functional performance of biomaterial interfaces is widely reckoned to be critical and complicated but poorly understood. To better understand friction forces, we investigated the natural adaptation of the holdfast or byssus of mussels that live in high-energy surf habitats. As the outermost covering of the byssus, the cuticle deserves particular attention for its adaptations to frictional wear under shear. In this study, we coacervated one of three variants of a key cuticular component, mussel foot protein 1, mfp-1 [(1) Mytilus californianus mcfp-1, (2) rmfp-1, and (3) rmfp-1-Dopa], with hyaluronic acid (HA) and investigated the wear protection capabilities of these coacervates to surfaces (mica) during shear...
November 9, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Tristan Giesa, Ravi Jagadeesan, David I Spivak, Markus J Buehler
Biological materials, such as proteins, often have a hierarchical structure ranging from basic building blocks at the nanoscale (e.g., amino acids) to assembled structures at the macroscale (e.g., fibers). Current software for materials engineering allows the user to specify polypeptide chains and simple secondary structures prior to molecular dynamics simulation, but is not flexible in terms of the geometric arrangement of unequilibrated structures. Given some knowledge of a larger-scale structure, instructing the software to create it can be very difficult and time-intensive...
October 12, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Davoud Ebrahimi, Olena Tokareva, Nae Gyune Rim, Joyce Y Wong, David L Kaplan, Markus J Buehler
This article reviews fundamental and applied aspects of silk-one of Nature's most intriguing materials in terms of its strength, toughness, and biological role-in its various forms, from protein molecules to webs and cocoons, in the context of mechanical and biological properties. A central question that will be explored is how the bridging of scales and the emergence of hierarchical structures are critical elements in achieving novel material properties, and how this knowledge can be explored in the design of synthetic materials...
October 12, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Michael J Kratochvil, Yftah Tal-Gan, Tian Yang, Helen E Blackwell, David M Lynn
Materials and coatings that inhibit bacterial colonization are of interest in a broad range of biomedical, environmental, and industrial applications. In view of the rapid increase in bacterial resistance to conventional antibiotics, the development of new strategies that target nonessential pathways in bacterial pathogens-and that thereby limit growth and reduce virulence through nonbiocidal means-has attracted considerable attention. Bacterial quorum sensing (QS) represents one such target, and is intimately connected to virulence in many human pathogens...
October 12, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Navindee C Wickremasinghe, Vivek A Kumar, Siyu Shi, Jeffrey D Hartgerink
Multidomain peptide (MDP) nanofibers create scaffolds that can present bioactive cues to promote biological responses. Orthogonal self-assembly of MDPs and growth-factor-loaded liposomes generate supramolecular composite hydrogels. These composites can act as delivery vehicles with time-controlled release. Here we examine the controlled release of placental growth factor-1 (PlGF-1) for its ability to induce angiogenic responses. PlGF-1 was loaded either in MDP matrices or within liposomes bound inside MDP matrices...
September 14, 2015: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
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