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ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering

Giselle C Yeo, Clair Baldock, Steven G Wise, Anthony S Weiss
Tropoelastin, as the monomer unit of elastin, assembles into elastic fibers that impart strength and resilience to elastic tissues. Tropoelastin is also widely used to manufacture versatile materials with specific mechanical and biological properties. The assembly of tropoelastin into elastic fibers or biomaterials is crucially influenced by key submolecular regions and specific residues within these domains. In this work, we identify the functional contributions of two rarely occurring negatively charged residues, glutamate 345 in domain 19 and glutamate 414 in domain 21, in jointly maintaining the native conformation of the tropoelastin hinge, bridge and foot regions...
November 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Q T Nguyen, T D Jacobsen, N O Chahine
Cells within cartilaginous tissues are mechanosensitive and thus require mechanical loading for regulation of tissue homeostasis and metabolism. Mechanical loading plays critical roles in cell differentiation, proliferation, biosynthesis, and homeostasis. Inflammation is an important event occurring during multiple processes, such as aging, injury, and disease. Inflammation has significant effects on biological processes as well as mechanical function of cells and tissues. These effects are highly dependent on cell/tissue type, timing, and magnitude...
November 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Spencer E Szczesny, Tristan P Driscoll, Hsiao-Yun Tseng, Pang-Ching Liu, Su-Jin Heo, Robert L Mauck, Pen-Hsiu G Chao
To fully recapitulate tissue microstructure and mechanics, fiber crimping must exist within biomaterials used for tendon/ligament engineering. Existing crimped nanofibrous scaffolds produced via electrospinning are dense materials that prevent cellular infiltration into the scaffold interior. In this study, we used a sacrificial fiber population to increase the scaffold porosity and evaluated the effect on fiber crimping. We found that increasing scaffold porosity increased fiber crimping and ensured that the fibers properly uncrimped as the scaffolds were stretched by minimizing fiber-fiber interactions...
November 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Debika Mitra, Hussain Fatakdawala, Michael Nguyen-Truong, Amy Creecy, Jeffry Nyman, Laura Marcu, J Kent Leach
Hyperglycemia-mediated, nonenzymatic collagen cross-links such as pentosidine (PENT) can have deleterious effects on cellular interactions with the extracellular matrix (ECM). Present techniques to quantify PENT are limited, motivating the need for improved methods to study the accumulation and contribution of PENT toward diabetic clinical challenges such as impaired bone healing. Current methods for studying PENT are destructive, laborious, and frequently employ oversimplified collagen films that lack the complexity of the native ECM...
September 11, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Charles M Rubert Pérez, Zaida Álvarez, Feng Chen, Taner Aytun, Samuel I Stupp
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) is a multifunctional growth factor that has pleiotropic effects in different tissues and organs. In particular, FGF-2 has a special role in angiogenesis, an important process in development, wound healing, cell survival, and differentiation. Therefore, incorporating biological agents like FGF-2 within therapeutic biomaterials is a potential strategy to create angiogenic bioactivity for the repair of damaged tissue caused by trauma or complications that arise from age and/or disease...
September 11, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Michael G Lancina, Sudha Singh, Uday B Kompella, Shahid Husain, Hu Yang
Polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers have been investigated as a potential platform for a number of ocular drugs, but only in aqueous solution. In this work we have developed fast dissolving dendrimer-based nanofibers (DNF) as a topical delivery vehicle for the glaucoma drug brimonidine tartrate (BT). The safety and drug release kinetics of these nanofiber mats were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. DNF caused no toxicity at therapeutic levels in cultured cells or ocular irritation in animal tests using a normotensive rat model...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Leyuan Xu, Remy C Cooper, Juan Wang, W Andrew Yeudall, Hu Yang
We developed novel dendrimer hydrogels (DH)s on the basis of bioorthogonal chemistry, in which polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer generation 4.0 (G4) functionalized with strained alkyne dibenzocyclooctyne (DBCO) via PEG spacer (Mn = 2,000 g/mol) underwent strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) with polyethylene glycol bisazide (PEG-BA) (Mn= 20,000 g/mol) to generate a dendrimer-PEG cross-linked network. This platform offers a high degree of functionality and modularity. A wide range of structural parameters including dendrimer generation, degree of PEGylation, loading density of clickable DBCO groups, PEG-BA chain length as well as the ratio of clickable dendrimer to PEG-BA and their concentrations can be readily manipulated to tune chemical and physical properties of DHs...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Yongjia Fan, Fan Zhang, Emmanuel S Tzanakakis
The development of platforms for the expansion and directed differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) in large quantities under xeno-free conditions is a key step toward the realization of envisioned stem cell-based therapies. Microcarrier bioreactors afford great surface-to-volume ratio, scalability and customization with typical densities of 10(6)-10(7) cells/ml or higher. In this study, a simple and inexpensive method was established for generating microcarriers without animal-derived components...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Nae-Gyune Rim, Erin G Roberts, Davoud Ebrahimi, Nina Dinjaski, Matthew M Jacobsen, Zaira Martín-Moldes, Markus J Buehler, David L Kaplan, Joyce Y Wong
Silk is a promising material for biomedical applications, and much research is focused on how application-specific, mechanical properties of silk can be designed synthetically through proper amino acid sequences and processing parameters. This protocol describes an iterative process between research disciplines that combines simulation, genetic synthesis, and fiber analysis to better design silk fibers with specific mechanical properties. Computational methods are used to assess the protein polymer structure as it forms an interconnected fiber network through shearing and how this process affects fiber mechanical properties...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Haishui Huang, Gang Zhao, Yuntian Zhang, Jiangsheng Xu, Thomas L Toth, Xiaoming He
Conventional approaches for cell cryopreservation require the use of toxic membrane-penetrating cryoprotective agents (pCPA), which limits the clinical application of cryopreserved cells. Here, we show intentionally induced ice formation at a high subzero temperature (> -10 °C) during cryopreservation, which is often referred to as ice seeding, could result in significant cell injury in the absence of any pCPA. This issue can be mitigated by predehydrating cells using extracellular trehalose to their minimal volume with minimized osmotically active water before ice seeding...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
José Ballester-Beltrán, Sara Trujillo, Enateri V Alakpa, Vicente Compañ, Rafael Gavara, Dominic Meek, Christopher C West, Bruno Péault, Matthew J Dalby, Manuel Salmerón-Sánchez
Sandwichlike (SW) cultures are engineered as a multilayer technology to simultaneously stimulate dorsal and ventral cell receptors, seeking to mimic cell adhesion in three-dimensional (3D) environments in a reductionist manner. The effect of this environment on cell differentiation was investigated for several cell types cultured in standard growth media, which promotes proliferation on two-dimensional (2D) surfaces and avoids any preferential differentiation. First, murine C2C12 myoblasts showed specific myogenic differentiation...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Marcus Berndt, Yongchao Li, Negar Seyedhassantehrani, Li Yao
Astrocytes play a critical role in supporting the normal physiological function of neurons. Recent studies have revealed that astrocyte transplantation can promote axonal regeneration and functional recovery after spinal cord injury. Biomaterial can be designed as a growth-permissive substrate and serve as a carrier for astrocyte transplantation into injured spinal cord. In this study, we developed a method to generate collagen microspheres encapsulating astrocytes by injecting a mixture of collagen and astrocytes into a cell culture medium with a syringe controlled by a syringe pump...
July 10, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Nicholas M Molino, Medea Neek, Jo Anne Tucker, Edward L Nelson, Szu-Wen Wang
Efficient delivery of antigens is of paramount concern in immunotherapies. We aimed to target antigen presenting cells (APCs) by conjugating CpG oligonucleotides to an E2 protein nanoparticle surface (CpG-PEG-E2). Compared to E2 alone, we observed ~4-fold increase of in vitro APC uptake of both CpG-PEG-E2 and E2 conjugated to non-CpG DNA. Furthermore, compared to E2-alone or E2 functionalized solely with polyethylene glycol (PEG), the CpG-PEG-E2 showed enhanced lymph node retention up to at least 48 hr and 2-fold increase in APC uptake in vivo, parameters which are advantageous for vaccine success...
April 10, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Michael E Whitely, Jennifer L Robinson, Melissa C Stuebben, Hannah A Pearce, Madison A P McEnery, Elizabeth Cosgriff-Hernandez
Polymerized high internal phase emulsions (polyHIPEs) are highly porous constructs currently under investigation as tissue engineered scaffolds. We previously reported on the potential of redox-initiated polyHIPEs as injectable bone grafts that space fill irregular defects with improved integration and rapid cure. Upon subsequent investigation, the radical-initiated cure of these systems rendered them susceptible to oxygen inhibition with an associated increase in uncured macromer in the clinical setting. In the current study, polyHIPEs with increased resistance to oxygen inhibition were fabricated utilizing a tetrafunctional thiol, pentaerythritol tetrakis(3-mercaptoproprionate), and the biodegradable macromer, propylene fumarate dimethacrylate...
March 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Yaqi Wo, Elizabeth J Brisbois, Jianfeng Wu, Zi Li, Terry C Major, Azmath Mohammed, Xianglong Wang, Alessandro Colletta, Joseph L Bull, Adam J Matzger, Chuanwu Xi, Robert H Bartlett, Mark E Meyerhoff
Nitric oxide (NO) has many important physiological functions, including its ability to inhibit platelet activation and serve as potent antimicrobial agent. The multiple roles of NO in vivo have led to great interest in the development of biomaterials that can deliver NO for specific biomedical applications. Herein, we report a simple solvent impregnation technique to incorporate a nontoxic NO donor, S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), into a more biocompatible biomedical grade polymer, CarboSil 20 80A. The resulting polymer-crystal composite material yields a very stable, long-term NO release biomaterial...
March 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Sven H C Askes, Vincent C Leeuwenburgh, Wim Pomp, Hadi Arjmandi-Tash, Stefania Tanase, Thomas Schmidt, Sylvestre Bonnet
Light upconversion by triplet-triplet annihilation (TTA-UC) in nanoparticles has received considerable attention for bioimaging and light activation of prodrugs. However, the mechanism of TTA-UC is inherently sensitive for quenching by molecular oxygen. A potential oxygen protection strategy is the coating of TTA-UC nanoparticles with a layer of oxygen-impermeable material. In this work, we explore if (organo)silica can fulfill this protecting role. Three synthesis routes are described for preparing water-dispersible (organo)silica-coated red-to-blue upconverting liposomes...
March 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Sema Sevimli, Frances C Knight, Pavlo Gilchuk, Sebastian Joyce, John T Wilson
Vaccine design has undergone a shift towards the use of purified protein subunit vaccines, which offer increased safety and greater control over antigen specificity, but at the expense of immunogenicity. Here we report the development of a new polymer-based vaccine delivery platform engineered to enhance immunity through the co-delivery of protein antigens and the Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist imiquimod (IMQ). Owing to the preferential solubility of IMQ in fatty acids, a series of block copolymer micelles with a fatty acid-mimetic core comprising lauryl methacrylate (LMA) and methacrylic acid (MAA), and a poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMA) corona decorated with pyridyl disulfide ethyl methacrylate (PDSM) moieties for antigen conjugation were synthesized via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization...
February 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Brittany A Moser, Rachel C Steinhardt, Aaron P Esser-Kahn
In the study of host-pathogen interactions, vaccines and drug delivery, particulate delivery system are widely used to mimic pathogen size, pattern recognition receptor agonist presentation, and target cells or organs. However, some of the polymeric systems used in particulate delivery have inherent inflammatory properties that are variable and nonspecific. These properties enhance their adjuvant activity, but confound the analysis of signaling mechanisms. Here, we present a method for particle coating with minimal background immune activation via passivation of the surface with silica-silane...
February 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Qin Zeng, Joshua M Gammon, Lisa H Tostanoski, Yu-Chieh Chiu, Christopher M Jewell
Microneedles (MNs) are micron-scale polymeric or metallic structures that offer distinct advantages for vaccines by efficiently targeting skin-resident immune cells, eliminating injection-associated pain, and improving patient compliance. These advantages, along with recent studies showing therapeutic benefits achieved using traditional intradermal injections in human cancer patients, suggest MN delivery might enhance cancer vaccines and immunotherapies. We recently developed a new class of polyelectrolyte multilayers based on the self-assembly of model peptide antigens and molecular toll-like receptor agonists (TLRa) into ultrathin, conformal coatings...
February 13, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Stephanie M Casillo, Ana P Peredo, Spencer J Perry, Henry H Chung, Thomas R Gaborski
Mechanical cues and substrate interaction affect the manner in which cells adhere, spread, migrate and form tissues. With increased interest in tissue-on-a-chip and co-culture systems utilizing porous membranes, it is important to understand the role of disrupted surfaces on cellular behavior. Using a transparent glass membrane with defined pore geometries, we investigated endothelial fibronectin fibrillogenesis and formation of focal adhesions as well as development of intercellular junctions. Cells formed fewer focal adhesions and had shorter fibronectin fibrils on porous membranes compared to non-porous controls, which was similar to cell behavior on continuous soft substrates with Young's moduli seven orders of magnitude lower than glass...
2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
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