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Clinical Nutrition ESPEN

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390899/a-hplc-method-to-monitor-the-occurrence-of-lipid-peroxidation-in-intravenous-lipid-emulsions-used-in-parenteral-nutrition-using-in-line-uv-and-charged-aerosol-detection
#1
Helen M King, Allan G Cosslett, Christopher P Thomas, Rebecca Price-Davies
Parenteral Nutrition (PN) provides life sustaining support where gastrointestinal nutrition is inadequate due to disease or prematurity. Intravenous lipid emulsions (IVLEs) form a staple part of PN. Whilst the physical stability of IVLE's is relatively well known and quantified, chemical stability is an area where little testing has occurred. We report a new sensitive method for the monitoring of selected triglycerides present within two IVLEs and the detection and quantification of the peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) using HPLC with in-line UV and charged aerosol detection (CAD)...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390898/home-parenteral-support-in-patients-with-incurable-cancer-patient-characteristics-of-importance-for-catheter-related-complications-and-overall-survival
#2
Sine Roelsgaard Obling, Benedicte Vibjerg Wilson, Jens Kjeldsen
PURPOSE: It is uncertain if home parenteral support (HPS) is of advantage in patients with incurable cancer and intestinal failure, functional obstruction or severe malabsorption. From a single centre cohort we present characteristics of patients with incurable cancer treated with HPS. METHODS: Over a ten year period (2005-2015) data were retrospectively collected on patients with incurable cancer discharged on HPS from a Danish tertiary referral centre. Data on socio-demographics, catheters and parenteral nutrition, catheter related complications, re-admissions and mortality were analysed...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390897/25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-nutritional-parameters-correlation-in-adults-with-stage-4-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Ma Guadalupe Olvera-Soto, Daniela Melquiades-Castillo, Lilia Castillo-Martínez, Patricia Clark, Mara Medeiros, Adriana Monroy, Rafael Valdez-Ortiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (abbreviated "25(OH)D") and parameters of nutritional status both decline as chronic kidney disease (CKD) progresses. The objective of this study was to measure and correlate 25(OH)D concentrations with alterations in the nutritional status of adult patients with stage 4 CKD. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional, included patients with stage 4 CKD (CKD-Epi between 15 and 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 ), between the ages of 18 and 65, who sought services at the Department of Nephrology between April 2016 and April 2017...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390896/improving-the-standard-of-nutrition-care-in-hospital-mealtime-barriers-reduced-with-implementation-of-the-integrated-nutrition-pathway-for-acute-care
#4
Heather H Keller, Yingying Xu, Joel A Dubin, Lori Curtis, Celia V Laur, Jack Bell
BACKGROUND: Poor food intake is common in hospital patients and is associated with adverse patient and healthcare outcomes; diverse mealtime barriers to intake often undermine clinical nutrition care. AIM: This study determines whether implementation of locally adaptable nutrition care activities as part of uptake of the Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC) reduced mealtime barriers and improved other patient outcomes (e.g. length of stay; LOS) when considering other covariates...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390895/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-on-prevention-of-lean-body-mass-depletion-in-patients-with-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Takashi Ogasawara, Shiori Marui, Eriko Miura, Masayuki Sugiura, Wataru Matsuyama, Yoichiro Aoshima, Norio Kasamatsu, Masahito Ogiku, Yoshito Ikematsu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Systemic inflammation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), resulting in depletion of lean body mass (LBM) and muscle mass. Both frequent exacerbation of COPD and low LBM are associated with poor prognosis. This study aimed to evaluate whether supplementation of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) prevents depletion of LBM and muscle mass in hospitalized patients with exacerbation of COPD. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial, conducted between November 2014 and October 2017...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390894/effects-of-individualized-nutrition-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-following-myeloablative-conditioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kristin J Skaarud, Marianne J Hjermstad, Asta Bye, Marit B Veierød, Anne M Gudmundstuen, Knut E A Lundin, Sonia Distante, Lorentz Brinch, Geir E Tjønnfjord, Per O Iversen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Reduced quality of life (QoL) is prevalent after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). In this randomized trial we examined the effect of individualized nutritional support during hospitalization for allo-HSCT. Primary outcome was change in global QoL three months post-HSCT with oral mucositis (OM) and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) as main secondary outcomes. METHODS: Whereas the intervention group received recommended minimum daily intakes of 126 kJ/kg and 1...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390893/effects-of-walnuts-consumption-on-vascular-endothelial-function-in-humans-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Mohsen Mohammadi-Sartang, Nick Bellissimo, Julia O Totosy de Zepetnek, Hadi Bazyar, Marzieh Mahmoodi, Zohreh Mazloom
BACHGROUND AND AIMS: Endothelial dysfunction can promote atherosclerosis pathogenesis. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to determine the effects of walnut consumption on peripheral endothelial function (EF) in adults. METHODS: PUBMED, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched to identify studies up to August 2017. Eligible studies conducted randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of walnut consumption compared with a control on EF. Standard mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were reported as summary statistics...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390892/effects-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-on-patient-care-outcomes-in-adults-and-children-with-liver-cirrhosis-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
P H Ooi, S M Gilmour, J Yap, D R Mager
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is highly prevalent in chronic liver disease (CLD) due to alterations in nutrient utilization, malabsorption and poor intake. Low serum concentrations of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) in the presence of elevated aromatic acid concentrations is commonly observed in adult and children with liver cirrhosis and is associated with malnutrition and other adverse patient outcomes. The efficacy of BCAA supplementation has not been well established in adults and children with CLD...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390891/starch-containing-formulations-for-diarrhoea-therapy
#9
REVIEW
Xin Qi, Richard F Tester
Diarrhoea therapies in general include a number of approaches (depending on local practise and the cause of the diarrhoea) aimed at: (i) removing the cause (e.g. lactose in the diet); (ii) treating the cause of infection if present (e.g. antibiotics); (iii) reducing the effect of the cause (e.g. adsorbent); (iv) depressing gastric motility and secretions (e.g. various drugs); (v) probiotic bacteria with perhaps prebiotic energy sources and most importantly of all (vi) rehydration using rehydration salt solutions (oral rehydration therapy, ORT, using oral rehydration solutions, ORS)...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390890/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
LETTER
Ersin Gumus, Hasan Ozen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390889/development-and-validation-of-two-anthropometric-models-estimating-abdominal-fat-percentage-in-greek-adult-women-and-men
#11
Efstathios Skoufas, Spyridon Kanellakis, Eftychia Apostolidou, Theodora Makridi, Eirini Piggiou, Ionas Papassotiriou, Christianna Georgopoulou, Yannis Manios
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Abdominal obesity is associated with adverse health implications. However, the assessment of abdominal adiposity is either indirect, like in the case of waist circumference measurement, or difficult in daily clinical practice, like in the case of using reference methods such as computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, etc. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate, using DXA as reference method, two easy and simple to use protocols, that estimate abdominal fat mass percentage (%AFM) in Greek females and males respectively, based on simple anthropometric measurements...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390888/pre-sarcopenia-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-prevalence-and-association-with-biochemical-parameters
#12
Ana C Marini, Reika D Motobu, Ana T V Freitas, Alessandro Laviano, Gustavo D Pimentel
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Albumin and C reactive protein (CRP) concentrations are associated with the loss of lean body mass in the elderly. However, it remains to be ascertained whether these parameters are associated with pre-sarcopenia of chronic renal failure adult's patients undergoing replacement therapy. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of pre-sarcopenia and it association with serum albumin and CRP concentrations in adult patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted enrolling hemodialysis patients...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390887/sugar-sweetened-beverages-intake-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-and-sympathetic-nervous-system-activation-in-children
#13
Esther C de Boer, Susanne R de Rooij, Margreet R Olthof, Tanja G M Vrijkotte
INTRODUCTION: Research in adults shows high intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) increases blood pressure (BP), however evidence in children is scarce and inconclusive. No studies have investigated autonomic nervous system (ANS) activation due to SSBs in children. Our aim was to investigate the associations between SSBs intake, BP and ANS activation in children. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected in 2008-2010 at age 5/6 (n = 2519) and in 2015-2016 at age 11/12 (n = 769) years in the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development-study were analyzed in 2017...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390886/reversal-of-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-fibrosis-in-a-patient-receiving-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition
#14
A Bond, S Hayes, A Abraham, A Teubner, K Farrer, L Pironi, S Lal
Intestinal failure associated liver disease (IFALD) is frequent problem encountered when managing patients receiving parenteral nutrition (PN). Its occurrence is often multifactorial and modification of these factors is vital for the management of such hepatic dysfunction. The use of novel lipid preparations can form part of this management strategy. We present a case whereby such modification of contributing factors, including lipid preparations, led to improvements in IFALD and reversal of hepatic fibrosis...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390885/the-impact-of-home-parenteral-nutrition-on-the-burden-of-disease-including-morbidity-mortality-and-rate-of-hospitalisations
#15
Sorrel Burden, Matthew Hemstock, Michael Taylor, Antje Teubner, Neil Roskell, Alasdair MacCulloch, Arun Abraham, Simon Lal
INTRODUCTION: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) provides fluid and nutrition essential for the survival of patients with type 3 intestinal failure (IF). However, it is associated with complications and re-admission to hospital. This study aims to investigate the effect of HPN on mortality, morbidity and hospital re-admissions. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study. All patients newly dependent on HPN discharged over a 4-year period between 2011 and 2015 were included...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390884/in-the-absence-of-specific-advice-what-do-patients-eat-and-avoid-results-from-a-community-based-diet-study-in-patients-suffering-from-rheumatoid-arthritis-ra-with-a-focus-on-potassium
#16
Toktam Kianifard, Arvind Chopra
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a painful disabling difficult to treat disease. Clinicians and guidelines invariably focus on drugs. Diet is important but lacks robust data. We carried out a comprehensive analytical study in Indian (Asian) patients. METHODS: 141 consenting symptomatic chronic RA patients [mean age 46 years) center and 165 unrelated healthy control subjects (mean age 36 years) completed a a-priori validated food frequency questionnaire in a cross-sectional non-random design study under the supervision of a nutritionist...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390883/weight-loss-is-a-critical-factor-to-reduce-inflammation
#17
REVIEW
Vittorio Emanuele Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation is a process sustained by the augmentation of circulating cytokines level and C-reactive protein (CRP). Adipocytes and adipose tissue infiltration with inflammatory cells, are an important source of adipokines production, and their expansion due to overnutrition is responsible for increased in inflammation. The reduction of body fat following both controlled diets or gastric surgery can be favorable in the reduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines. METHODS: A systematic literature search performed using PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane Library database screened for clinical and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using the combination of the following keywords: "weight loss, inflammation," "restricted diet, anti-inflammatory effect...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390882/no-association-between-dietary-markers-and-incident-hypertension-in-a-population-based-sample
#18
Ana Sofia Quinteiros Fidalgo, Peter Vollenweider, Pedro Marques-Vidal
BACKGROUND/AIM: Many trials have shown that dietary interventions reduce the incidence of hypertension. Whether these findings also apply in the general population is debated. We assessed the association between dietary markers and incidence of hypertension. DESIGN: prospective observational study. METHODS: Population-based study conducted between April 2009 and April 2017 in Lausanne, Switzerland. 2079 participants (60.6% women, 53.9 ± 9...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390881/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-and-mind-diets-is-associated-with-better-cognition-in-healthy-seniors-but-not-in-mci-or-ad
#19
Silvia R B Calil, Sonia M D Brucki, Ricardo Nitrini, Mônica S Yassuda
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits have become the focus of intensive research in cognitive aging and neurodegenerative diseases, showing potential to promote and maximize cognitive function. AIM: The aim was to investigate the association between the degree of adherence to the Mediterranean and MIND diets and cognitive performance in elderly with different cognitive profiles. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with participants from neurology outpatient clinic...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30390880/body-composition-predicts-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-intestinal-failure-on-long-term-home-parenteral-nutrition
#20
Marianne Køhler, Søren Schou Olesen, Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Patients with chronic intestinal failure (CIF) are at risk of altered body composition and impaired muscle function, which may negatively affect clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of body composition and muscle strength in relation to clinical outcome in CIF patients on long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN). METHODS: This was an observational cohort study comprising 77 clinically stable patients with CIF on HPN (>12 months)...
December 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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