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Clinical Nutrition ESPEN

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908691/pancreatic-enzyme-replacement-therapy-following-surgery-for-pancreatic-cancer-an-exploration-of-patient-self-management
#1
Lisa Dunleavy, Ahmed Al-Mukhtar, Vanessa Halliday
BACKGROUND: For those diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, ill-addressed pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) following surgery can result in malnutrition related complications that may impact on predict mortality and morbidity. The use of pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) is recommended and often demands a degree of patient self-management. Understanding more about how this treatment is managed is fundamental to optimising care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore patient self-management of PERT following surgery for pancreatic cancer...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908690/validation-of-resting-metabolic-rate-equations-in-obese-and-non-obese-young-healthy-adults
#2
Hayder Al-Domi, Alaa Al-Shorman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although validating resting metabolic rate (RMR) prediction equations in different populations is warranted to estimate total energy requirements, there are no data about the accuracy and applicability of RMR predictive equations in young healthy Jordanians. This study aimed to test the validity of predicted RMR using four prediction equations and its agreement with RMR measured using indirect calorimetry in healthy young obese and non-obese Jordanian adults. METHODS: Predicted RMR was tested for agreement with indirect calorimetry...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908689/early-postoperative-undernutrition-following-aortic-valve-replacement-surgery
#3
Agnès Sallé, Emilie Dalmayrac, Christophe Baufreton
BACKGROUND: Experiencing loss of appetite after cardiac surgery is often noted during daily care and has been described by several studies. However, no information is available on either energy needs or spontaneous food intake following aortic valve replacement surgery. The goal of this study was to assess the risk of early postoperative undernutrition following aortic valve replacement in a group of patients who were preoperatively well-nourished. METHODS: Anthropometrics data (body mass index, fat free mass index, albuminemia and prealbuminemia, extracellular water), energy balance and appetite were assessed in a cross-over prospective observational study...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908688/the-effect-of-honey-consumption-compared-with-sucrose-on-lipid-profile-in-young-healthy-subjects-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Hamid Rasad, Mohammad Hassan Entezari, Ehsan Ghadiri, Behzad Mahaki, Naseh Pahlavani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies have demonstrated that honey consumption has beneficial effects on cardiovascular disease indicators. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of honey consumption compared with sucrose on lipid profile among young healthy subjects. METHODS: Sixty healthy subjects, aged 18-30 years, were randomly recruited into this double blind randomized trial and assigned into two groups: honey (received 70 g honey per day) and sucrose (received 70 g sucrose per day) groups...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908687/the-active-problem-solving-of-patients-dependent-on-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-qualitative-analysis
#5
Liam Ennis, Joanne Ablett, Michael Taylor, Simon Lal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: People with chronic, type 3, intestinal failure often require long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN). People receiving HPN have frequent interactions with their healthcare, due to the need for close monitoring and due to recurrent hospital admissions. Individuals' responses to, and interactions with, their health care service provides are poorly described. We conducted a service evaluation to explore people's experiences of HPN-related healthcare interactions in order to identify how service providers can best meet the individualised needs of patients...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908686/advanced-practice-nursing-nutrition-nurse-specialist-role-and-function
#6
Kurt Boeykens, Ann Van Hecke
BACKGROUND: Different disciplines should be represented in Nutritional Support Teams, e.g. a physician, dietician, pharmacist and a nurse. The latter one can function as an Advanced Practice Nurse, which implicates that he or she must have sufficiently thorough knowledge, attitudes and competences to fulfill the profile of a nutritional expert in the field of clinical nutrition. METHODS: Description of the scope of practice, education and added value related to a Nutrition Support Nurse, based on detailed published competency profiles...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908685/bedside-menu-ordering-system-increases-energy-and-protein-intake-while-decreasing-plate-waste-and-food-costs-in-hospital-patients
#7
Sally McCray, Kirsty Maunder, Rebecca Norris, Jessica Moir, Kristen MacKenzie-Shalders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908684/accuracy-of-total-energy-expenditure-predictive-equations-after-a-massive-weight-loss-induced-by-bariatric-surgery
#8
Michele Novaes Ravelli, Dale A Schoeller, Alex Harley Crisp, Natalie M Racine, Karina Pfrimer, Irineu Rasera Junior, Maria Rita Marques de Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Predictive equations remain the clinical tool of choice to estimate the energy expenditure, however, poor accuracy has been found when applied in patients with severe obesity. The aim of this study was to test the accuracy of the total energy expenditure (TEE) those obtained by predictive equations of resting energy expenditure (REE) times individual estimates of metabolic equivalents (MET), taking as reference the TEE measured by doubly labeled water (DLW), before, six and twelve months after bariatric surgery...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908683/determination-of-serum-bone-related-minerals-during-denosumab-treatment-in-osteoporosis-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-mineral-change-by-denosumab-in-osteoporosis-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kato
OBJECTIVES: This study included 51 osteoporosis patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who were treated with anti-resorption drug, denosumab. To date, there has been no report on the changes of bone-related minerals after anti-resorption drug therapy. METHODS: Fifty one osteoporotic patients with RA were retrospectively enrolled. Serum Zinc (Zn), Magnesium (Mg), Iron (Fe), and Copper (Cu) were examined at 1 week, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 months. Lumbar spine (L1-4) bone mineral density (L-BMD), and bilateral total hip BMD (H-BMD) were examined before and at 6 and 12 months after treatment commencement...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908682/the-effects-of-melissa-officinalis-supplementation-on-depression-anxiety-stress-and-sleep-disorder-in-patients-with-chronic-stable-angina
#10
Habib Haybar, Ahmad Zare Javid, Mohammad Hosein Haghighizadeh, Einollah Valizadeh, Seyede Marjan Mohaghegh, Assieh Mohammadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in recent decades, patients experience high levels of depression, anxiety, stress, and insomnia. Since the calming effect of Melissa officinalis (MO) has been known, this study aimed to determine the effects of MO supplementation on depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep disturbances in patients with chronic stable angina (CSA). METHODS: In this double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, 80 patients with CSA were divided randomly into two groups (taking 3 g MO supplement or placebo daily for 8 weeks)...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908681/the-impact-of-early-enteral-nutrition-on-pediatric-acute-respiratory-failure
#11
Amanda Haney, Emily Burritt, Christopher J Babbitt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Children who are critically ill undergo metabolic stress and it is important that they receive adequate calories and protein in order to recover. Our objective was to investigate the impact of early enteral nutrition (EEN) on pediatric intensive care (PICU) patients with acute respiratory failure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all patients admitted to a 20 bed PICU at a tertiary children's hospital over a 30 month period...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908680/interactions-between-dietary-inflammatory-index-nutritional-state-and-multiple-sclerosis-clinical-condition
#12
Bruna Yhang Da Costa Silva, Helena Alves De Carvalho Sampaio, Nitin Shivappa, James Hébert, Larissa Da Silva Albuquerque, Antônio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, José Artur Costa D'Almeida, Carla Soraya Costa Maia, Maria Luisa Pereira De Melo
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) consists of a tool that assesses dietary inflammatory potential based on the assignment of an inflammatory score to a variety of nutrients, seasonings and bioactive compounds. Pro-inflammatory diets are associated to weight and abdominal fat excess. High Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Circumference (WC) seem to contribute to a worse prognosis in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. Therefore, this study seeks to investigate the relation between anthropometric indexes and body adiposity with the clinical condition and the Dietary Inflammatory Index of MS individuals...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908679/a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-to-evaluate-the-clinical-characteristics-and-nutritional-status-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Kursad Aydin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study was designed to assess clinical characteristics and nutritional status of pediatric outpatients with cerebral palsy (CP) and to determine prevalence of malnutrition based on physicians' clinical judgment and on anthropometric data in relation to percentile reference values. METHODS: A total of 1108 pediatric neurology outpatients (mean ± SEM age: 7.2 ± 0.1 years, 59.3% were males) diagnosed with CP were included in this cross-sectional, non-interventional multicenter single-visit study conducted between October 2015 and July 2016 at 20 centers across Turkey...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908678/nutritional-practices-and-adequacy-in-children-supported-on-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#14
Chengsi Ong, Yee Hui Mok, Zhen Han Tan, Carey Y S Lim, Bixia Ang, Teng Hong Tan, Yee Jim Loh, Yoke Hwee Chan, Jan Hau Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children is increasing. Yet, little is known about optimal nutritional practices in these children. We aim to describe the nutritional adequacy, factors associated with enteral nutrition, and the association between nutritional adequacy and mortality in children supported on ECMO. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all children (1 month-18 years) requiring ECMO between 2010 and 2016...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908677/diagnosing-clinical-malnutrition-perspectives-from-the-past-and-implications-for-the-future
#15
Levi M Teigen, Adam J Kuchnia, Emily M Nagel, Kathleen L Price, Ryan T Hurt, Carrie P Earthman
This review, intended for both researchers and clinicians, provides a history of the definition of clinical malnutrition. Despite global efforts, we remain without one clear, objective, internationally accepted definition; clarity in this regard will ultimately improve our evaluation and monitoring of nutritional status to achieve optimal patient outcomes. In this review we explore the development of the term malnutrition and its diagnosis and application in the setting of acute and chronic disease. We begin in the second century A...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908676/relationship-between-espresso-coffee-consumption-and-preclinical-atherosclerosis-in-a-mediterranean-population
#16
LETTER
Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Matteo Ballerini Puviani, Alberto Farinetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908675/cocoa-ingestion-protects-plasma-lipids-in-healthy-males-against-ex-vivo-oxidative-conditions-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Manuel Barrios, Luis C Orozco, Elena E Stashenko
The effects of in vivo cocoa-based supplementation were studied as a preconditioning treatment for ex vivo acute oxidative conditions in a controlled randomized clinical trial. Subjects were 100 healthy young men at Universidad Industrial de Santander blinded to the intervention and divided into two groups: The intervention group (n = 50) receiving 30 g of cocoa powder and 50 g of dark chocolate/d for 1 week with the remaining subjects receiving placebo. Cocoa products preconditioning for 1 week resulted in modifications in the susceptibility of plasma lipids over ex vivo oxidative conditions with effects of i) a significant increase in the oxidative resistance of plasma lipids measured by dienes formation (4...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779825/associations-between-eating-difficulties-nutritional-status-and-activity-of-daily-living-in-acute-geriatric-patients
#18
Mie Marie Nielsen, Thomas Maribo, Albert Westergren, Dorte Melgaard
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Eating difficulties, having a poor nutritional status, and low activity of daily living are all prevalent issues in the geriatric population. The aim of this study was to explore associations between patients' eating difficulties, their nutritional status and their activity of daily living in patients aged 60 years or older who were admitted to an acute geriatric unit. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between March and September 2016 at the geriatric department of North Denmark Regional Hospital, Hjørring...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779824/assessing-the-appropriateness-of-parenteral-nutrition-use-in-hospitalized-patients-a-comparison-on-parenteral-nutrition-bag-prescription-in-different-wards-and-nutritional-outcomes
#19
Monica Laura Ponta, Laura Rabbione, Cristina Borgio, Eliana Quirico, Elena Patrito, Maria Novella Petrachi, Elisabetta Girotto, Marisa Sillano, Silvio Geninatti, Michela Zanardi, Andrea Pezzana
PURPOSE: Our aim is to assess parenteral nutrition (PN) bag prescription in hospitalized patients and evaluate clinical outcomes linked to PN therapy. METHODS: We performed an observational longitudinal retrospective study on PN prescription in a General Public Hospital in Turin, Italy, on ninety-five patients receiving PN prescribed by the Nutrition Support Team (NST). We described patients' demography and assessed nutritional outcomes, as well as PN bag prescription in different wards...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779823/the-role-of-thiamine-dependent-enzymes-in-obesity-and-obesity-related-chronic-disease-states-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Donogh Maguire, Dinesh Talwar, Paul G Shiels, Donald McMillan
The WHO 2016 report indicates that worldwide obesity is rising, with over 600 million people in the obese range (BMI>30). The recommended daily calorie intake for adults is 2000 kcal and 2500 kcal for women and men respectively. The average American consumes 3770 kcal/day and the average person in the UK consumes 3400 kcal/day. With such increased caloric intake, there is an increased load on metabolic pathways, in particular glucose metabolism. Such metabolism requires micronutrients as enzyme co-factors...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
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