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Injury Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286931/association-between-baseline-frailty-and-driving-status-over-time-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#1
Elizabeth G Bond, Laura L Durbin, Jodi A Cisewski, Min Qian, Jack M Guralnik, Judith D Kasper, Thelma J Mielenz
BACKGROUND: Continued automobile driving is important for the wellbeing and independence of older adults. Frailty has been associated with a variety of negative health outcomes, but studies are lacking on the potential association between frailty and driving status. The present study uses data from The National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) to assess if the presence of frailty is associated with being a current non-driver. METHODS: NHATS is a nationally representative cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries (aged ≥65) that have been followed since 2011...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286930/interaction-of-marijuana-and-alcohol-on-fatal-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-a-case-control-study
#2
Stanford Chihuri, Guohua Li, Qixuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Concurrent use of marijuana and alcohol in drivers is of increasing concern but its role in crash causation has not been well understood. METHODS: Using a case-control design, we assessed the individual and joint effects of marijuana and alcohol use on fatal crash risk. Cases (n = 1944) were drivers fatally injured in motor vehicle crashes in the United States at specific times in 2006, 2007 and 2008. Controls (n = 7719) were drivers who participated in the 2007 National Roadside Survey of Alcohol and Drug Use by Drivers...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261748/retrospectively-self-reported-age-of-childhood-abuse-onset-in-a-united-states-nationally-representative-sample
#3
Alison L Cammack, Carol J Hogue
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is common and several studies have linked it to health outcomes throughout the lifecourse. Recent information about timing of abuse reported retrospectively is underrepresented in the literature, despite its importance to informing target populations for primary prevention of child abuse and studying effects of child abuse. This study uses data from Wave IV (2008-2009) of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to Adult Health (N = 14,776) to describe distributions of retrospectively self-reported age of onset of childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse perpetrated by parents/adult caregivers and sexual abuse perpetrated by other individuals...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261747/the-epidemiology-of-ncaa-men-s-lacrosse-injuries-2009-10-2014-15-academic-years
#4
Zachary Y Kerr, Adam Quigley, Susan W Yeargin, Andrew E Lincoln, James Mensch, Shane V Caswell, Thomas P Dompier
BACKGROUND: Participation in lacrosse has grown at the collegiate levels. However, little research has examined the epidemiology of collegiate men's lacrosse injuries. This study describes the epidemiology of injuries in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) men's lacrosse during the 2009/10-2014/15 academic years. METHODS: Twenty-five men's lacrosse programs provided 63 team-seasons of data for the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA-ISP) during the 2009/10-2014/15 academic years...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164258/the-epidemiology-of-homicide-perpetration-by-children
#5
David Hemenway, Sara J Solnick
BACKGROUND: The United States has by far the highest rates of homicide perpetration among high-income countries. The perpetration of homicide by children is often newsworthy, but little is known about the incidence or the circumstances of child homicide perpetration. METHODS: We use data from the sixteen states reporting to the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) for all years 2005-2012. We read every violent death report that was classified a homicide with a child suspect (aged 0-14)...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116658/vehicle-related-injuries-in-and-around-a-medium-sized-swedish-city-bicyclist-injuries-caused-the-heaviest-burden-on-the-medical-sector
#6
Johanna Björnstig, Per-Olof Bylund, Ulf Björnstig
BACKGROUND: A data acquisition from the medical sector may give one important view of the burden on the society caused by vehicle related injuries. The official police-reported statistics may only reflect a part of all vehicle-related injured seeking medical attention. The aim is to provide a comprehensive picture of the burden of vehicle related injuries on the medical sector (2013), and to compare with official police-reported statistics and the development year 2000-2013. METHODS: The data set includes 1085 injured from the Injury Data Base at Umeå University Hospital's catchment area with 148,500 inhabitants in 2013...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116657/letters-to-the-editor-in-response-to-studies-of-guns-in-the-home-and-homicide-and-suicide
#7
REVIEW
Douglas J Wiebe, Kalen Flynn, Charles C Branas
BACKGROUND: Letters to the editor are an important venue for scientific discussion and ensuring accountability of authors and editors. We investigated the content and tone of letters to the editor published in response to research on having a firearm in the home as it relates to homicide and suicide. METHODS: A recent meta-analysis found 16 analytic studies of household firearm access and homicide and suicide. We audited the letters to the editor emanating from those 16 articles...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091929/perception-of-injury-risk-among-amateur-muay-thai-fighters
#8
Stephen Strotmeyer, Reidar P Lystad
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai is a style of kickboxing that allows full-contact blows to an unprotected head, torso and legs, and, as in any combat sport, there is an inherent risk of injury. Previous observational studies have shown there is a substantial risk of injury in competitive kickboxing. None of these studies, however, have investigated the potential role of psychological risk factors and, consequently, little is known about the perception of injury risk among these athletes. Notwithstanding the important role risk perception may play in the occurrence and prevention of sports injuries, there is very limited empirical data pertaining to athletes in full-contact combat sports such as Muay Thai...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066870/vision-zero-a-toolkit-for-road-safety-in-the-modern-era
#9
REVIEW
Ellen Kim, Peter Muennig, Zohn Rosen
Vision Zero (VZ) is a public program that aims to have zero fatalities or serious injuries from road traffic crashes. This article examines various major components of VZ: how VZ redefines road safety, how VZ principles and philosophies can be applied to modern car and road designs, and how VZ can be applied to traffic. Applications of these principles to real-world traffic infrastructure are explored in order to show policymakers the toolkits available to increase road safety while taking into consideration local contexts...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018997/an-overview-of-geospatial-methods-used-in-unintentional-injury-epidemiology
#10
REVIEW
Himalaya Singh, Lauren V Fortington, Helen Thompson, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Injuries are a leading cause of death and disability around the world. Injury incidence is often associated with socio-economic and physical environmental factors. The application of geospatial methods has been recognised as important to gain greater understanding of the complex nature of injury and the associated diverse range of geographically-diverse risk factors. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to provide an overview of geospatial methods applied in unintentional injury epidemiological studies...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943161/the-effects-of-roadway-characteristics-on-farm-equipment-crashes-a-geographic-information-systems-approach
#11
Mitchell Greenan, Maisha Toussaint, Corinne Peek-Asa, Diane Rohlman, Marizen R Ramirez
BACKGROUND: Tractors and other slow-moving self-propelled farm equipment are often used on public roadway to transfer goods from the farm to a market or distributer. Increased roadway exposure has led to a growing concern on the occurrence of farm equipment crashes. This study aims to compare characteristics of road segments with farm equipment crashes to road segments without farm equipment crashes in the state of Iowa. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Iowa Department of Transportation from 2005 to 2011 on all crashes involving farm equipment, and features of all Iowa roadways...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917452/epidemiology-of-muay-thai-fight-related-injuries
#12
Stephen Strotmeyer, Jeffrey H Coben, Anthony Fabio, Thomas Songer, Maria Brooks
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai is a combat sport of Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. Currently, little is known about the injuries and risk factors for injuries among Muay Thai fighters. Gaining more insight into the nature and frequency of injury in this sport provides part of the overall sports injury picture, within the larger burden of injury as a public health issue. Generating this information is a critical first step toward the broader goal of improving the health and safety of Muay Thai fighters engaged in competition...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885587/assaults-against-u-s-law-enforcement-officers-in-the-line-of-duty-situational-context-and-predictors-of-lethality
#13
Cassandra K Crifasi, Keshia M Pollack, Daniel W Webster
BACKGROUND: Research on occupational safety of law enforcement officers (LEOs) has primarily focused on fatal assaults. Nonfatal assaults, however, have received little attention. The goal of this study was to describe the situational contexts in which LEOs are assaulted, and compare these contexts and risks between fatal and nonfatal assaults in the U.S. Analyzing both types of assaults provides a more complete understanding of occupational safety and opportunities for intervention. METHODS: This study includes a descriptive epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal assaults of LEOs in the U...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868168/use-perceptions-and-benefits-of-automotive-technologies-among-aging-drivers
#14
REVIEW
David W Eby, Lisa J Molnar, Liang Zhang, Renée M St Louis, Nicole Zanier, Lidia P Kostyniuk, Sergiu Stanciu
Advanced in-vehicle technologies have been proposed as a potential way to keep older adults driving for as long as they can safely do so, by taking into account the common declines in functional abilities experienced by older adults. The purpose of this report was to synthesize the knowledge about older drivers and advanced in-vehicle technologies, focusing on three areas: use (how older drivers use these technologies), perception (what they think about the technologies), and outcomes (the safety and/or comfort benefits of the technologies)...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868167/the-role-of-ugandan-district-hospital-orthopedic-units-in-the-care-of-vulnerable-road-users-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Dan K Kisitu, Lauren E Eyler, Isaac Kajja, Gonzaga Waiswa, Titus Beyeza, David R Ragland, Isabelle Feldhaus, Catherine Juillard, Rochelle A Dicker
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries are a common cause of morbidity after road traffic injury (RTI) in motorizing countries. District hospitals provide front-line orthopedic care in Uganda and other sub-Saharan African nations. Improving care at the district hospital level is an important component of the World Health Organization's strategy for surgical and trauma systems strengthening, but the data necessary to inform RTI safety and care initiatives has previously been insufficient at the district hospital level...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807807/volunteering-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-crime-involvement-a-longitudinal-analysis-from-the-add-health-study
#16
Shabbar I Ranapurwala, Carri Casteel, Corinne Peek-Asa
BACKGROUND: Experiences in adolescence may have a lasting impact on adulthood. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between adolescent (12-18 years of age) volunteerism with the incidence of illegal behaviors, arrests, and convictions in adulthood (>18 years of age). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using secondary data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Students from grades 7-12 were recruited in 1994-1995 (n = 20,745), and then followed in 2001-2002 (n = 14,322) and in 2008-2009 (n = 12,288)...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807806/a-pilot-study-of-a-hospital-based-injury-surveillance-system-in-a-secondary-level-district-hospital-in-india-lessons-learnt-and-way-ahead
#17
P V M Lakshmi, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Nalinikanta Tripathy, Sunita Singh, Deepak Bhatia, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Reliable epidemiological information on injury burden and pattern is essential to formulate effective injury control and prevention strategies. Injury surveillance systems are globally gaining ground as a tool for collecting such systematic data on injuries, but less so in low and middle income countries. This study describes the experience of setting up a District Level Hospital-Based Injury Surveillance System in India and the pattern of injuries encountered therein. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted during Jan-Dec 2012 at the emergency department of a District Hospital in Fatehgarh Sahib in a North Indian state of Punjab...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747560/the-epidemiology-of-pre-hospital-potential-spinal-cord-injuries-in-victoria-australia-a-six-year-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Ala'a O Oteir, Karen Smith, Johannes U Stoelwinder, Shelley Cox, James W Middleton, Paul A Jennings
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury (TSCI) is relatively uncommon, yet a devastating and costly condition. Despite the human and social impacts, studies describing patients with potential TSCI in the pre-hospital setting are scarce. This paper aims to describe the epidemiology of patients potentially at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI by paramedics, with a view to providing a better understanding of factors associated with potential TSCI. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients managed and transported by Ambulance Victoria (AV) between 01 January 2007 and 31 December 2012 who, based on meeting pre-hospital triage protocols and criteria for spinal clearance, paramedic suspicion or spinal immobilisation, were classified to be at risk of or suspected to have a TSCI...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747559/side-impact-motor-vehicle-crashes-driver-passenger-vehicle-and-crash-characteristics-for-fatally-and-nonfatally-injured-rear-seated-adults
#19
Chang Liu, Joyce C Pressley
BACKGROUND: Most studies of rear-seated occupants have focused on or included pediatric occupants which may not translate to adults. This study examines passenger, driver, vehicle and crash characteristics for rear-seated adult occupants involved in side crashes. METHODS: The National Automotive Sampling System General Estimates System (NASS/GES) for calendar years 2011-2014 was used with accompanying weights to examine the occupant, vehicle and crash characteristics associated with injury in rear-seated adults (n = 395,504) involved in a side crash...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747558/trauma-recidivism-at-an-emergency-department-of-a-swedish-medical-center
#20
Fredrik Röding, Marie Lindkvist, Ulrica Bergström, Olle Svensson, Jack Lysholm
BACKGROUND: To inform targeted prevention, we studied patterns of trauma recidivism and whether a first injury predicts the risk for a recurrent injury. METHODS: In a population-based study of 98,502 adult injury events 1999-2012, at the emergency department of Umeå University Hospital, Sweden, we compared non-recidivists with recidivists in terms of patients' sex, age, type of injury and severity of the injury. RESULTS: Thirty-six percent of all patients suffered recurrent injuries, which were associated with a higher proportion of inpatient care and more hospital days...
December 2016: Injury Epidemiology
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