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Injury Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782096/the-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-volleyball-the-systematic-development-of-an-intervention-and-its-feasibility
#1
Vincent Gouttebarge, Marije van Sluis, Evert Verhagen, Johannes Zwerver
BACKGROUND: A scientific research project has started in the Netherlands with the aim of developing and implementing an evidence-based intervention to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal injuries among young and adult recreational volleyball players. This article describes (i) the systematic development of the intervention; and (ii) the assessment of its feasibility in terms of relevancy, suitability and usability. SYSTEMATIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERVENTION: The development of the intervention was based on the Intervention Mapping structured and systematic process...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762157/risk-markers-for-fatal-and-non-fatal-prescription-drug-overdose-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Joanne E Brady, Rebecca Giglio, Katherine M Keyes, Charles DiMaggio, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Drug overdose is a public health crisis in the United States, due in part to the unintended consequences of increases in prescribing of opioid analgesics. Many clinicians evaluate risk markers for opioid-related harms when prescribing opioids for chronic pain; however, more data on predictive risk markers are needed. Risk markers are attributes (modifiable and non-modifiable) that are associated with increased probability of an outcome. This review aims to identify risk markers associated with fatal and non-fatal prescription drug overdose by synthesizing findings in the existing peer-reviewed and grey literature...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762156/quantifying-sources-of-bias-in-longitudinal-data-linkage-studies-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-measuring-impact-of-outcome-specification-linkage-error-and-partial-cohort-follow-up
#3
Jared W Parrish, Meghan E Shanahan, Patricia G Schnitzer, Paul Lanier, Julie L Daniels, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: Health informatics projects combining statewide birth populations with child welfare records have emerged as a valuable approach to conducting longitudinal research of child maltreatment. The potential bias resulting from linkage misspecification, partial cohort follow-up, and outcome misclassification in these studies has been largely unexplored. This study integrated epidemiological survey and novel administrative data sources to establish the Alaska Longitudinal Child Abuse and Neglect Linkage (ALCANLink) project...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736796/longitudinal-research-on-aging-drivers-longroad-study-design-and-methods
#4
Guohua Li, David W Eby, Robert Santos, Thelma J Mielenz, Lisa J Molnar, David Strogatz, Marian E Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Lindsay H Ryan, Vanya Jones, Samantha I Pitts, Linda L Hill, Charles J DiMaggio, David LeBlanc, Howard F Andrews
BACKGROUND: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. METHODS: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736795/identifying-characteristics-and-outcomes-that-are-associated-with-fall-related-fatalities-multi-year-retrospective-summary-of-fall-deaths-in-older-adults-from-2005-2012
#5
Sara M Deprey, Lynda Biedrzycki, Kristine Klenz
BACKGROUND: Fall-related deaths continue to be the leading cause of accidental deaths in the older adult (65+ year) population. However, many fall-related fatalities are unspecified and little is known about the fall characteristics and personal demographics at the time of the fall. Therefore, this report describes the characteristics, circumstances and injuries of falls that resulted in older adult deaths in one U.S. County and explores the variables associated with fatal injuries from falls...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721637/cost-of-hospitalization-for-firearm-injuries-by-firearm-type-intent-and-payer-in-the-united-states
#6
Corinne Peek-Asa, Brandon Butcher, Joseph E Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries disproportionately affect young, male, non-White populations, causing substantial individual and societal burden. Annual costs for hospitalized firearm injuries have not been widely described, as most previous cost studies have focused on lifetime costs. We examined a nationally-representative database of hospitalizations in the US to estimate per-hospital and overall hospital costs for firearm injuries by intent, type of weapon, and payer source. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all firearm injury hospitalizations in the National Inpatient Sample from 2003 through 2013...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670666/epidemiologic-comparisons-of-soccer-related-injuries-presenting-to-emergency-departments-and-reported-within-high-school-and-collegiate-settings
#7
Zachary Y Kerr, Lauren A Pierpoint, Dustin W Currie, Erin B Wasserman, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Few studies compare sports injury patterns in different settings. This study described the epidemiology of soccer injuries presenting to emergency departments (EDs) and compared injuries presenting to EDs to injuries presenting to collegiate and high school athletic trainers (ATs). METHODS: Soccer-related injuries (product code 1267) in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) that were sustained by individuals at least two years of age in 2004-2013 were included...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626848/older-adult-falls-prevention-behaviors-60-days-post-discharge-from-an-urban-emergency-department-after-treatment-for-a-fall
#8
Kalpana Narayan Shankar, Nicole J Treadway, Alyssa A Taylor, Alan H Breaud, Elizabeth W Peterson, Jonathan Howland
BACKGROUND: Falls are a common and debilitating health problem for older adults. Older adults are often treated and discharged home by emergency department (ED)-based providers with the hope they will receive falls prevention resources and referrals from their primary care provider. This descriptive study investigated falls prevention activities, including interactions with primary care providers, among community-dwelling older adults who were discharged home after presenting to an ED with a fall-related injury...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626847/injury-intense-dust-exposure-and-chronic-disease-among-survivors-of-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attacks-of-september-11-2001
#9
Howard E Alper, Shengchao Yu, Steven D Stellman, Robert M Brackbill
BACKGROUND: The World Trade Center attack of September 11, 2001 in New York City (9/11) exposed thousands of people to intense concentrations of hazardous materials that have resulted in reports of increased levels of asthma, heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic diseases along with psychological illnesses such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few studies have discriminated between health consequences of immediate (short-term or acute) intense exposures versus chronic residential or workplace exposures...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480488/mishaps-and-unsafe-conditions-in-recreational-scuba-diving-and-pre-dive-checklist-use-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Shabbar I Ranapurwala, Steve Wing, Charles Poole, Kristen L Kucera, Stephen W Marshall, Petar J Denoble
BACKGROUND: Recreational scuba diving involves the use of complex instruments and specialized skills in an unforgiving environment. Errors in dive preparation in such an environment may lead to unsafe conditions, mishaps, injuries and fatalities. Diving mishaps can be major and minor based on their potential to cause injury and the severity of the resulting injury. The objective of this study is to assess the incidence of diving mishaps and unsafe conditions, and their associations with the participants' routine use of their own checklists...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459122/characteristics-of-trauma-mortality-in-the-northern-territory-australia
#11
Kathleen M McDermott, Matt B Brearley, Steven M Hudson, Linda Ward, David J Read
BACKGROUND: While factors including remoteness, alcohol consumption, age and Indigenous ethnicity are well-documented associations of trauma mortality, less is known of trauma seasonality. This is particularly relevant to Australia's Northern Territory, with its tropical regions experiencing a climate of wet (hot and humid) and dry (warm) seasons annually. The aim of this study was to therefore, examine the characteristics of trauma mortality in the Top End, Northern Territory, Australia...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459121/select-physical-performance-measures-and-driving-outcomes-in-older-adults
#12
REVIEW
Thelma J Mielenz, Laura L Durbin, Jodi A Cisewski, Jack M Guralnik, Guohua Li
BACKGROUND: Improving physical functioning may be a future intervention to keep older adults driving safely longer as it can help maintain both physical and cognitive health longer. This systematic review assesses the evidence on the association between three physical functioning measures: the Short Physical Performance Battery, the Timed Up-and-Go test, and the Rapid Pace Walk with driving outcomes in older adults. METHODS: Older adult studies published between 1994 and 2015 that included the Short Physical Performance Battery, the Timed Up-and-Go test, or the Rapid Pace Walk as a measure of physical functioning and included a driving-related outcome were identified through a comprehensive search and reviewed following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459120/do-adolescents-with-long-term-illnesses-and-disabilities-have-increased-risks-of-sports-related-injuries
#13
Kwok W Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Pauli Rintala, Sami Kokko, Lasse Kannas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to examine the rates of sports related injuries in adolescents based on the severity of their long-term illnesses or disabilities (LTID). Few injury prevention strategies in sports and health promotion have explored disaggregation by disability. METHODS: Data obtained from the 2014 Finnish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey (n = 3716, mean age = 14.8, SD = 1.03) were grouped into adolescents with and without LTID...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393320/prevalence-and-ethnic-racial-disparities-in-the-distribution-of-pediatric-injuries-in-south-florida-implications-for-the-development-of-community-prevention-programs
#14
Carmen Ramos Irizarry, Patrick C Hardigan, Mark G Mc Kenney, Gretchen Holmes, Rudy Flores, Brenda Benson, Ascension M Torres
BACKGROUND: The state of Florida continues to report significant gender, ethnic and racial disparities in trauma incidence, access to care and outcomes in the adult population. Our objective was to assess pediatric injury profiles and ethnic/racial disparities of specific injuries in a Regional Trauma Center (TC) in South Florida. METHODS: Retrospective data from November 2011 to December 2015 were obtained from the Level 2 TC registry for children ≤21 years old...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367592/whose-guns-are-stolen-the-epidemiology-of-gun-theft-victims
#15
David Hemenway, Deborah Azrael, Matthew Miller
BACKGROUND: Gun theft is an important source of guns used by criminals. Yet no empirical work has focused on the characteristics of gun owners that distinguish those who have had their guns stolen from those who have not. In this study, we examine the demographics and behavioral characteristics of gun owners who report having had a gun stolen. METHODS: Data come from a nationally representative probability-based online survey conducted in April 2015, with a linked follow-up survey in November 2015 that asked gun owners about any theft of their guns in the past 5 years...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367591/depression-antidepressants-and-driving-safety
#16
REVIEW
Linda L Hill, Vanessa L Lauzon, Elise L Winbrock, Guohua Li, Stanford Chihuri, Kelly C Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to review to review the reported associations of depression and antidepressants with motor vehicle crashes. PURPOSE: A literature search for material published in the English language between January, 1995, and October, 2015, in bibliographic databases was combined with a search for other relevant material referenced in the retrieved articles. METHODS: Retrieved articles were systematically reviewed for inclusion criteria: 19 epidemiological studies (17 case-control and 2 cohort studies) fulfilled the inclusion criteria by estimating the crash risk associated with depression and/or psychotropic medications in naturalistic settings...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286931/association-between-baseline-frailty-and-driving-status-over-time-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-aging-trends-study
#17
Elizabeth G Bond, Laura L Durbin, Jodi A Cisewski, Min Qian, Jack M Guralnik, Judith D Kasper, Thelma J Mielenz
BACKGROUND: Continued automobile driving is important for the wellbeing and independence of older adults. Frailty has been associated with a variety of negative health outcomes, but studies are lacking on the potential association between frailty and driving status. The present study uses data from The National Health and Aging Trends Study (NHATS) to assess if the presence of frailty is associated with being a current non-driver. METHODS: NHATS is a nationally representative cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries (aged ≥65) that have been followed since 2011...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286930/interaction-of-marijuana-and-alcohol-on-fatal-motor-vehicle-crash-risk-a-case-control-study
#18
Stanford Chihuri, Guohua Li, Qixuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Concurrent use of marijuana and alcohol in drivers is of increasing concern but its role in crash causation has not been well understood. METHODS: Using a case-control design, we assessed the individual and joint effects of marijuana and alcohol use on fatal crash risk. Cases (n = 1944) were drivers fatally injured in motor vehicle crashes in the United States at specific times in 2006, 2007 and 2008. Controls (n = 7719) were drivers who participated in the 2007 National Roadside Survey of Alcohol and Drug Use by Drivers...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261748/retrospectively-self-reported-age-of-childhood-abuse-onset-in-a-united-states-nationally-representative-sample
#19
Alison L Cammack, Carol J Hogue
BACKGROUND: Child abuse is common and several studies have linked it to health outcomes throughout the lifecourse. Recent information about timing of abuse reported retrospectively is underrepresented in the literature, despite its importance to informing target populations for primary prevention of child abuse and studying effects of child abuse. This study uses data from Wave IV (2008-2009) of The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to Adult Health (N = 14,776) to describe distributions of retrospectively self-reported age of onset of childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse perpetrated by parents/adult caregivers and sexual abuse perpetrated by other individuals...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261747/the-epidemiology-of-ncaa-men-s-lacrosse-injuries-2009-10-2014-15-academic-years
#20
Zachary Y Kerr, Adam Quigley, Susan W Yeargin, Andrew E Lincoln, James Mensch, Shane V Caswell, Thomas P Dompier
BACKGROUND: Participation in lacrosse has grown at the collegiate levels. However, little research has examined the epidemiology of collegiate men's lacrosse injuries. This study describes the epidemiology of injuries in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) men's lacrosse during the 2009/10-2014/15 academic years. METHODS: Twenty-five men's lacrosse programs provided 63 team-seasons of data for the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program (NCAA-ISP) during the 2009/10-2014/15 academic years...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
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