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Injury Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911282/knee-osteoarthritis-in-professional-football-is-related-to-severe-knee-injury-and-knee-surgery
#1
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of severe knee injuries, knee osteoarthritis (OA) seems prevalent in retired professional footballers. However, some epidemiological data remain missing, for instance whether knee OA is also prevalent in current professional footballers, whether knee OA is associated with knee injuries and surgeries, and whether knee OA leads to a lower level of functioning. Therefore, three research questions were answered: (i) what is the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) among current and retired professional footballers? (ii) is severe knee injury or knee surgery associated with knee OA among current and retired professional footballers? (iii) what are the consequences of knee OA on physical knee function among current and retired professional footballers? METHODS: An observational study based on a cross-sectional design by means of questionnaires was conducted...
June 18, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888376/concussion-knowledge-attitudes-and-reporting-intention-among-adult-competitive-muay-thai-kickboxing-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Reidar P Lystad, Stephen J Strotmeyer
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai kickboxing is a full-contact combat sport with a high incidence of head trauma, yet little is known about these athletes' concussion knowledge and attitudes. This study aims to describe and quantify concussion knowledge, attitudes, and reporting intention among adult competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes. RESULTS: This cross-sectional study comprised 193 competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes aged ≥18 years registered with the Thai Boxing Association Sanctioning Authority...
June 11, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862417/autonomous-vehicles-are-cost-effective-when-used-as-taxis
#3
Isaac G Freedman, Ellen Kim, Peter A Muennig
BACKGROUND: Autonomous vehicles (AVs) will radically re-shape the health and well-being of people in the United States in good ways and bad. We set out to estimate a reasonable time-to-adoption using cost-effectivenessmodels to estimate the point at which AVs become reasonably safe and affordable for widespread adoption. METHODS: We used Waymo data (previously, Google Self-Driving Car Project) and a microsimulation model to explore projected costs and safety issues today and five years from today to get a sense of the speed of consumer adoption were AVs brought to the market...
June 4, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761235/characteristics-of-sports-and-recreation-related-emergency-department-visits-among-school-age-children-and-youth-in-north-carolina-2010-2014
#4
Katherine J Harmon, Scott K Proescholdbell, Johna Register-Mihalik, David B Richardson, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: Sports and recreational activities are an important cause of injury among children and youth, with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) being of particular concern given the developing brain. This paper reports the characteristics of sport and recreation-related (SR) emergency department (ED) visits among school-age children and youth in a statewide population. METHODS: This study included all injury-related visits made to all North Carolina 24/7 acute-care civilian hospital-affiliated EDs by school-age youth, 5-18 years of age, during 2010-2014 (N = 918,662)...
May 15, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736881/awareness-of-vision-zero-among-united-states-road-safety-professionals
#5
Kelly R Evenson, Seth LaJeunesse, Stephen Heiny
BACKGROUND: Vision Zero is a strategy to eliminate all fatalities and serious injuries from road traffic crashes, while increasing safe and equitable mobility for all. In 2015, the United States' Department of Transportation announced the official target of the federal government transportation safety policy was zero deaths. In 2017, we assessed the dissemination of Vision Zero in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey in 2017 among road safety professionals...
May 8, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713920/epidemiological-patterns-of-traumatic-musculoskeletal-injuries-and-non-traumatic-disorders-in-japan-self-defense-forces
#6
Masatoshi Amako, Yoshiyuki Yato, Yasuo Yoshihara, Hiroshi Arino, Hiroshi Sasao, Osamu Nemoto, Tomohito Imai, Atsushi Sugihara, Satoshi Tsukazaki, Yutaka Sakurai, Koichi Nemoto
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries or disorders in military personnel have not been well documented and a better understanding is required for proper preventative measures and treatment. Here, we investigated musculoskeletal injuries or disorders among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces. METHODS: All orthopedic patients (n = 22,340) who consulted to Japan Self-Defense Forces Hospitals were investigated for their type of injury or disorder, the injured body part, the mechanism, and the cause of injuries...
May 1, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682683/using-matrix-frame-to-present-road-traffic-injury-pattern
#7
Chien-Hsing Wang, Wan-Hua Hsieh, Fu-Wen Liang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
BACKGROUND: Although many epidemiological studies have presented road traffic injuries (RTIs) according to the victim's mode of transport, very few have mentioned the mode of transport of the victim's counterparts. We sought to use matrix frame to present the pattern of RTIs based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes. METHODS: Patients admitted to Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Taiwan, for RTIs from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016 were included...
April 23, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658098/efficacy-of-a-proactive-health-and-safety-risk-management-system-in-the-fire-service
#8
Gerald S Poplin, Stephanie Griffin, Keshia Pollack Porter, Joshua Mallett, Chengcheng Hu, Virginia Day-Nash, Jefferey L Burgess
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of a fire department proactive risk management program aimed at reducing firefighter injuries and their associated costs. METHODS: Injury data were collected for the intervention fire department and a contemporary control department. Workers' compensation claim frequency and costs were analyzed for the intervention fire department only. Total, exercise, patient transport, and fireground operations injury rates were calculated for both fire departments...
April 16, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637487/playground-slide-related-injuries-in-preschool-children-increased-risk-of-lower-extremity-injuries-when-riding-on-laps
#9
Charles A Jennissen, Maggie Koos, Gerene Denning
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to better understand the factors associated with playground slide-related injuries in preschool children and to test the hypothesis that riding on laps increases the likelihood of lower extremity injuries. METHODS: Playground slide-related injuries (product code 1242) in children ≤5 years of age treated in emergency departments from 2002 to 2015 were identified (N = 12,686) using the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS)...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637479/a-quality-improvement-program-in-pediatric-practices-to-increase-tailored-injury-prevention-counseling-and-assess-self-reported-changes-made-by-families
#10
Michael A Gittelman, Adam C Carle, Sarah Denny, Samantha Anzeljc, Melissa Wervey Arnold
BACKGROUND: Many pediatric providers struggle to screen families for the majority of age-appropriate injury risks and educate them when appropriate. Standardized tools have helped physicians provide effective, more purposeful counseling. In this study, pediatricians utilized a standardized, injury prevention screening tool to increase targeted discussions and families were re-screened at subsequent visits to determine changes in their behavior. METHODS: Pediatric practices, recruited from the Ohio Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics database, self-selected to participate in a quality improvement program...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637457/characterization-of-children-hospitalized-with-traumatic-brain-injuries-after-building-falls
#11
Kirsten V Loftus, Tara Rhine, Shari L Wade, Wendy J Pomerantz
BACKGROUND: Unintentional falls cause a substantial proportion of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with building falls carrying particularly high risk for morbidity and mortality. The cohort of children sustaining building fall-related TBI has not been well-examined. We sought to characterize children hospitalized with building fall-related TBIs and evaluate if specific factors distinguished these children from children hospitalized with TBI due to other fall mechanisms. We secondarily assessed if TBI severity among children injured due to a building fall varied between children from urban versus non-urban areas...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637431/pediatric-falls-ages-0-4-understanding-demographics-mechanisms-and-injury-severities
#12
Sofia Chaudhary, Janet Figueroa, Salah Shaikh, Elizabeth Williams Mays, Rana Bayakly, Mahwish Javed, Matthew Lee Smith, Tim P Moran, Jonathan Rupp, Sharon Nieb
BACKGROUND: Pediatric unintentional falls are the leading cause of injury-related emergency visits for children < 5 years old. The purpose of this study was to identify population characteristics, injury mechanisms, and injury severities and patterns among children < 5 years to better inform age-appropriate falls prevention strategies. METHODS: This retrospective database study used trauma registry data from the lead pediatric trauma system in Georgia...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637427/child-abuse-and-neglect-experts-determination-of-when-a-child-being-left-home-alone-constitutes-child-neglect
#13
Charles A Jennissen, Erin Evans, Resmiye Oral, Gerene Denning
BACKGROUND: Only 14 states have laws or guidelines regarding the minimum age a child may be left home alone. These ages range from 6 to 14 years. Our objective was to identify factors that influence child neglect determination by experts with regards to parents leaving children home alone. METHODS: American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Child Abuse and Neglect members (N = 523) were surveyed from July-August, 2015. Respondents were asked whether scenarios involving a child of varying age knowingly left home alone for 4 h were neglect in the presence or absence of injury to the child and the legality of the situation...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637422/you-can-have-your-breastmilk-and-safe-sleep-too-a-preliminary-analysis-of-infant-safe-sleep-data-in-a-midwestern-home-visiting-program
#14
Sheena Hussain, Gina S Lowell, Douglas R Roehler, Kyran P Quinlan, S Darius Tandon, Lesley Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) accounted for approximately 3700 infant deaths in the US in 2015. SUID risk factors include prone sleeping, bed-sharing, soft bedding use, and maternal smoking. Infant safe sleep data in at-risk communities are difficult to obtain and home visiting programs can add to what we know. This study's purpose is to determine how often caregivers enrolled in home visiting programs provide safe sleep environments for their infants in relation to breastfeeding status and tobacco use...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637420/cross-sectional-analysis-of-chicago-vs-suburban-cook-county-suicide-deaths-among-10-24-year-olds-in-the-illinois-violent-death-reporting-system
#15
Ernika G Quimby, Suzanne G McLone, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: In 2014, suicide was the second leading cause of death among 10- to 24-year-olds in the US. Studies note disparities in youth suicide based on sex, race/ethnicity, and urban vs rural settings. This study investigates demographics, mental health indicators, and other circumstances surrounding youth/young adult deaths by suicide, comparing Chicago and suburban Cook County from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: Using the Illinois Violent Death Reporting System (IVDRS), we employed a cross-sectional design to provide descriptive analysis of decedents in three age groups (10-14, 15-19, and 20-24 years) in two geographic areas: urban (city of Chicago) and suburban (suburban Cook County) between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2010...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637417/gun-carrying-among-freshmen-and-sophomores-in-chicago-new-york-city-and-los-angeles-public-schools-the-youth-risk-behavior-survey-2007-2013
#16
Samaa Kemal, Karen Sheehan, Joe Feinglass
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated trends and risk factors over time for self-reported gun carrying among freshman and sophomore public school students in Chicago, New York City and Los Angeles, chosen as high profile cities with different levels of firearm violence. METHODS: The study used four biennial waves (2007-2013) of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), an anonymous, voluntary survey of public high school students. Analyses were restricted to freshman and sophomores given significant high school dropout rates among older students...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637405/is-a-driver-s-license-age-waiver-worth-a-teen-s-life
#17
Dawn M Porter, Beverly K Miller, Samantha H Mullins, Mary E Porter, Mary E Aitken
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for teens 14-19 years of age, with younger teen drivers at higher risk than older teens. Graduated driver licensing has been proven to reduce teen driver-related motor vehicle crashes and fatalities. Arkansas allows parents to request age waivers, which allow a teen to obtain a license for independent driving before the sixteenth birthday. The objectives of this study were to: (1) determine the prevalence of age waivers issued in Arkansas and (2) determine motor vehicle crash risks associated with 14 and 15 year old drivers...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637321/twenty-two-years-of-injury-free
#18
EDITORIAL
Lois K Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637313/paternal-perception-of-infant-sleep-risks-and-safety
#19
Heather M Hirsch, Samantha H Mullins, Beverly K Miller, Mary E Aitken
BACKGROUND: Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID) results in 3400 sleep-related deaths yearly in the United States, yet caregivers' compliance with safe sleep recommendations remains less than optimal. Paternal caregiver's attitudes toward infant safe sleep messages are largely unaddressed, despite established differences between female and male caregiver perceptions. This study aimed to explore the determinants of safe sleep practices among male caregivers. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted in Arkansas with male caregivers of infants ages 2-12 months to discuss infant sleep routines, parental roles, sources for safe sleep information, and messaging suggestions for safe sleep promotion...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629480/open-access-programs-for-injury-categorization-using-icd-9-or-icd-10
#20
David E Clark, Adam W Black, David H Skavdahl, Lee D Hallagan
BACKGROUND: The article introduces Programs for Injury Categorization, using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and R statistical software (ICDPIC-R). Starting with ICD-8, methods have been described to map injury diagnosis codes to severity scores, especially the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS). ICDPIC was originally developed for this purpose using Stata, and ICDPIC-R is an open-access update that accepts both ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB), Admission Year 2015...
April 9, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
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