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Injury Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30079438/the-effectiveness-of-introducing-detection-cameras-on-compliance-with-mobile-phone-and-seatbelt-laws-a-before-after-study-among-drivers-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#1
Suliman Alghnam, Jawaher Towhari, Mohamed Alkelya, Abdulaziz Binahmad, Teresa Maria Bell
BACKGROUND: Because Saudi Arabia (SA) has struggled with the burden of Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) for decades, a new automated citations system was implemented in 2018 to improve compliance with seatbelt and mobile phone laws. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of the system on the prevalence of seatbelt and mobile phone use among drivers in Riyadh. This is an observational study conducted between 2017 and 2018. A Pre-Post evaluation was employed to determine the impact of a camera detection system on seatbelt and mobile phone use...
August 6, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066094/temporal-and-regional-trends-of-choking-injuries-in-children-in-italy-2001-2013
#2
Giulia Lorenzoni, Danila Azzolina, Nicola Soriani, Marco Galadini, Flavia Carle, Dario Gregori
BACKGROUND: Choking injuries in children are a significant public health problem. The present study was aimed at examining the epidemiologic patterns of choking injuries in children using Italian official data from hospital discharge records. METHODS: Hospital discharge records (from 2001 to 2013) reporting cases of choking injuries corresponding to the ICD-9 CM codes 933 ("Foreign body in pharynx and larynx"), 934 ("Foreign body in trachea, bronchus, and lung"), and fourth digit specifications (933...
August 1, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009338/injuries-in-girls-soccer-and-basketball-a-comparison-of-high-schools-with-and-without-athletic-trainers
#3
Lauren A Pierpoint, Cynthia R LaBella, Christy L Collins, Sarah K Fields, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries impose physical and economic burdens on high school athletes, yet only 37% of high schools have access to a fulltime certified athletic trainer (AT). Although intuitively there are multiple benefits of AT coverage, research demonstrating the measurable effect of AT coverage on rates and patterns of injury is limited. Our objective was to investigate the epidemiology of girls' basketball and soccer injuries in high schools with and without an AT. METHODS: We compared data captured by two similar sports injury surveillance systems during the 2006/07-2008/09 academic years...
July 16, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984386/using-opinion-leaders-to-address-intervention-gaps-in-concussion-prevention-in-youth-sports-key-concepts-and-foundational-theory
#4
EDITORIAL
Zachary Y Kerr, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Emily Kroshus, Vivian Go, Paula Gildner, K Hunter Byrd, Stephen W Marshall
Behavioral interventions to increase disclosure and proper management of concussion in youth sports have unrealized potential when it comes to preventing concussion. Interventions have focused on changing individual athlete behavior and have fallen short of the potential for sustained systemic behavioral change. One potentially critical reason for this shortfall is that other key determinants of risk behaviors at all levels of the socio-ecological model (e.g. interpersonal, community, policy) are not addressed in extant programming...
July 9, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961925/workers-compensation-reported-injuries-among-security-and-law-enforcement-personnel-in-the-private-versus-public-sectors
#5
W S Witt, T L Bunn, S Slavova
BACKGROUND: Private and Public security and law enforcement (SLE) sectors perform multiple overlapping job duties. METHODS: Workers' compensation (WC) SLE first reports of injury (FROI) data (2005-2015) were analyzed to describe injuries, identify differences in awarded WC benefits, and compare the probability of a FROI resulting in awarded benefits between Public and Private SLE. A Pearson's chi-square test was utilized and reverse selection logistic regression was performed to estimate the odds ratio that a FROI would result in an awarded benefit for Private vs...
July 2, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911282/knee-osteoarthritis-in-professional-football-is-related-to-severe-knee-injury-and-knee-surgery
#6
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: As a consequence of severe knee injuries, knee osteoarthritis (OA) seems prevalent in retired professional footballers. However, some epidemiological data remain missing, for instance whether knee OA is also prevalent in current professional footballers, whether knee OA is associated with knee injuries and surgeries, and whether knee OA leads to a lower level of functioning. Therefore, three research questions were answered: (i) what is the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) among current and retired professional footballers? (ii) is severe knee injury or knee surgery associated with knee OA among current and retired professional footballers? (iii) what are the consequences of knee OA on physical knee function among current and retired professional footballers? METHODS: An observational study based on a cross-sectional design by means of questionnaires was conducted...
June 18, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888376/concussion-knowledge-attitudes-and-reporting-intention-among-adult-competitive-muay-thai-kickboxing-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Reidar P Lystad, Stephen J Strotmeyer
BACKGROUND: Muay Thai kickboxing is a full-contact combat sport with a high incidence of head trauma, yet little is known about these athletes' concussion knowledge and attitudes. This study aims to describe and quantify concussion knowledge, attitudes, and reporting intention among adult competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes. RESULTS: This cross-sectional study comprised 193 competitive Muay Thai kickboxing athletes aged ≥18 years registered with the Thai Boxing Association Sanctioning Authority...
June 11, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862417/autonomous-vehicles-are-cost-effective-when-used-as-taxis
#8
Isaac G Freedman, Ellen Kim, Peter A Muennig
BACKGROUND: Autonomous vehicles (AVs) will radically re-shape the health and well-being of people in the United States in good ways and bad. We set out to estimate a reasonable time-to-adoption using cost-effectivenessmodels to estimate the point at which AVs become reasonably safe and affordable for widespread adoption. METHODS: We used Waymo data (previously, Google Self-Driving Car Project) and a microsimulation model to explore projected costs and safety issues today and five years from today to get a sense of the speed of consumer adoption were AVs brought to the market...
June 4, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761235/characteristics-of-sports-and-recreation-related-emergency-department-visits-among-school-age-children-and-youth-in-north-carolina-2010-2014
#9
Katherine J Harmon, Scott K Proescholdbell, Johna Register-Mihalik, David B Richardson, Anna E Waller, Stephen W Marshall
BACKGROUND: Sports and recreational activities are an important cause of injury among children and youth, with sports-related traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) being of particular concern given the developing brain. This paper reports the characteristics of sport and recreation-related (SR) emergency department (ED) visits among school-age children and youth in a statewide population. METHODS: This study included all injury-related visits made to all North Carolina 24/7 acute-care civilian hospital-affiliated EDs by school-age youth, 5-18 years of age, during 2010-2014 (N = 918,662)...
May 15, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736881/awareness-of-vision-zero-among-united-states-road-safety-professionals
#10
Kelly R Evenson, Seth LaJeunesse, Stephen Heiny
BACKGROUND: Vision Zero is a strategy to eliminate all fatalities and serious injuries from road traffic crashes, while increasing safe and equitable mobility for all. In 2015, the United States' Department of Transportation announced the official target of the federal government transportation safety policy was zero deaths. In 2017, we assessed the dissemination of Vision Zero in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a web-based survey in 2017 among road safety professionals...
May 8, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713920/epidemiological-patterns-of-traumatic-musculoskeletal-injuries-and-non-traumatic-disorders-in-japan-self-defense-forces
#11
Masatoshi Amako, Yoshiyuki Yato, Yasuo Yoshihara, Hiroshi Arino, Hiroshi Sasao, Osamu Nemoto, Tomohito Imai, Atsushi Sugihara, Satoshi Tsukazaki, Yutaka Sakurai, Koichi Nemoto
BACKGROUND: The epidemiological patterns of musculoskeletal injuries or disorders in military personnel have not been well documented and a better understanding is required for proper preventative measures and treatment. Here, we investigated musculoskeletal injuries or disorders among members of the Japan Self-Defense Forces. METHODS: All orthopedic patients (n = 22,340) who consulted to Japan Self-Defense Forces Hospitals were investigated for their type of injury or disorder, the injured body part, the mechanism, and the cause of injuries...
May 1, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682683/using-matrix-frame-to-present-road-traffic-injury-pattern
#12
Chien-Hsing Wang, Wan-Hua Hsieh, Fu-Wen Liang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu
BACKGROUND: Although many epidemiological studies have presented road traffic injuries (RTIs) according to the victim's mode of transport, very few have mentioned the mode of transport of the victim's counterparts. We sought to use matrix frame to present the pattern of RTIs based on the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes. METHODS: Patients admitted to Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Taiwan, for RTIs from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016 were included...
April 23, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658098/efficacy-of-a-proactive-health-and-safety-risk-management-system-in-the-fire-service
#13
Gerald S Poplin, Stephanie Griffin, Keshia Pollack Porter, Joshua Mallett, Chengcheng Hu, Virginia Day-Nash, Jefferey L Burgess
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of a fire department proactive risk management program aimed at reducing firefighter injuries and their associated costs. METHODS: Injury data were collected for the intervention fire department and a contemporary control department. Workers' compensation claim frequency and costs were analyzed for the intervention fire department only. Total, exercise, patient transport, and fireground operations injury rates were calculated for both fire departments...
April 16, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637487/playground-slide-related-injuries-in-preschool-children-increased-risk-of-lower-extremity-injuries-when-riding-on-laps
#14
Charles A Jennissen, Maggie Koos, Gerene Denning
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to better understand the factors associated with playground slide-related injuries in preschool children and to test the hypothesis that riding on laps increases the likelihood of lower extremity injuries. METHODS: Playground slide-related injuries (product code 1242) in children ≤5 years of age treated in emergency departments from 2002 to 2015 were identified (N = 12,686) using the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS)...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637479/a-quality-improvement-program-in-pediatric-practices-to-increase-tailored-injury-prevention-counseling-and-assess-self-reported-changes-made-by-families
#15
Michael A Gittelman, Adam C Carle, Sarah Denny, Samantha Anzeljc, Melissa Wervey Arnold
BACKGROUND: Many pediatric providers struggle to screen families for the majority of age-appropriate injury risks and educate them when appropriate. Standardized tools have helped physicians provide effective, more purposeful counseling. In this study, pediatricians utilized a standardized, injury prevention screening tool to increase targeted discussions and families were re-screened at subsequent visits to determine changes in their behavior. METHODS: Pediatric practices, recruited from the Ohio Chapter, American Academy of Pediatrics database, self-selected to participate in a quality improvement program...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637457/characterization-of-children-hospitalized-with-traumatic-brain-injuries-after-building-falls
#16
Kirsten V Loftus, Tara Rhine, Shari L Wade, Wendy J Pomerantz
BACKGROUND: Unintentional falls cause a substantial proportion of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), with building falls carrying particularly high risk for morbidity and mortality. The cohort of children sustaining building fall-related TBI has not been well-examined. We sought to characterize children hospitalized with building fall-related TBIs and evaluate if specific factors distinguished these children from children hospitalized with TBI due to other fall mechanisms. We secondarily assessed if TBI severity among children injured due to a building fall varied between children from urban versus non-urban areas...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637431/pediatric-falls-ages-0-4-understanding-demographics-mechanisms-and-injury-severities
#17
Sofia Chaudhary, Janet Figueroa, Salah Shaikh, Elizabeth Williams Mays, Rana Bayakly, Mahwish Javed, Matthew Lee Smith, Tim P Moran, Jonathan Rupp, Sharon Nieb
BACKGROUND: Pediatric unintentional falls are the leading cause of injury-related emergency visits for children < 5 years old. The purpose of this study was to identify population characteristics, injury mechanisms, and injury severities and patterns among children < 5 years to better inform age-appropriate falls prevention strategies. METHODS: This retrospective database study used trauma registry data from the lead pediatric trauma system in Georgia...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637427/child-abuse-and-neglect-experts-determination-of-when-a-child-being-left-home-alone-constitutes-child-neglect
#18
Charles A Jennissen, Erin Evans, Resmiye Oral, Gerene Denning
BACKGROUND: Only 14 states have laws or guidelines regarding the minimum age a child may be left home alone. These ages range from 6 to 14 years. Our objective was to identify factors that influence child neglect determination by experts with regards to parents leaving children home alone. METHODS: American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Child Abuse and Neglect members (N = 523) were surveyed from July-August, 2015. Respondents were asked whether scenarios involving a child of varying age knowingly left home alone for 4 h were neglect in the presence or absence of injury to the child and the legality of the situation...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637422/you-can-have-your-breastmilk-and-safe-sleep-too-a-preliminary-analysis-of-infant-safe-sleep-data-in-a-midwestern-home-visiting-program
#19
Sheena Hussain, Gina S Lowell, Douglas R Roehler, Kyran P Quinlan, S Darius Tandon, Lesley Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) accounted for approximately 3700 infant deaths in the US in 2015. SUID risk factors include prone sleeping, bed-sharing, soft bedding use, and maternal smoking. Infant safe sleep data in at-risk communities are difficult to obtain and home visiting programs can add to what we know. This study's purpose is to determine how often caregivers enrolled in home visiting programs provide safe sleep environments for their infants in relation to breastfeeding status and tobacco use...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637420/cross-sectional-analysis-of-chicago-vs-suburban-cook-county-suicide-deaths-among-10-24-year-olds-in-the-illinois-violent-death-reporting-system
#20
Ernika G Quimby, Suzanne G McLone, Maryann Mason, Karen Sheehan
BACKGROUND: In 2014, suicide was the second leading cause of death among 10- to 24-year-olds in the US. Studies note disparities in youth suicide based on sex, race/ethnicity, and urban vs rural settings. This study investigates demographics, mental health indicators, and other circumstances surrounding youth/young adult deaths by suicide, comparing Chicago and suburban Cook County from 2005 to 2010. METHODS: Using the Illinois Violent Death Reporting System (IVDRS), we employed a cross-sectional design to provide descriptive analysis of decedents in three age groups (10-14, 15-19, and 20-24 years) in two geographic areas: urban (city of Chicago) and suburban (suburban Cook County) between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2010...
April 10, 2018: Injury Epidemiology
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