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Regenerative Biomaterials

Cunyang Wang, Yan Liu, Yubo Fan, Xiaoming Li
It has been well recognized that the modification of biomaterials with appropriate bioactive peptides could further enhance their functions. Especially, it has been shown that peptide-modified bone repair materials could promote new bone formation more efficiently compared with conventional ones. The purpose of this article is to give a general review of recent studies on bioactive peptide-modified materials for bone tissue repair. Firstly, the main peptides for inducing bone regeneration and commonly used methods to prepare peptide-modified bone repair materials are introduced...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Ying Li, Zhaowei Chu, Xiaoming Li, Xili Ding, Meng Guo, Haoran Zhao, Jie Yao, Lizhen Wang, Qiang Cai, Yubo Fan
Aliphatic biodegradable polyesters have been the most widely used synthetic polymers for developing biodegradable devices as alternatives for the currently used permanent medical devices. The performances during biodegradation process play crucial roles for final realization of their functions. Because physiological and biochemical environment in vivo significantly affects biodegradation process, large numbers of studies on effects of mechanical loads on the degradation of aliphatic biodegradable polyesters have been launched during last decades...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Tingzhang Hu, Chun Yang, Meiling Fu, Jiali Yang, Rolin Du, Xiaolin Ran, Tieying Yin, Guixue Wang
Docetaxel (DTX), a paclitaxel analogue, can efficiently inhibit proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and has broadly been used as an antiangiogenesis drug. However, as a candidate drug of drug-eluting stent, the effects of DTX on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) are still not well understood. Herein, we investigated the effects of DTX on proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, migration and morphology of HUVECs in vitro. We found that DTX had the cytostatic and cytotoxic effects at low and high concentrations, respectively...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Guang Yang, Jie Wang, Dan Li, Shaobing Zhou
Biodegradable amphiphilic poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) based ether-anhydride terpolymer, consisting of PEG, 1, 3-bis (p-carboxyphenoxy) propane (CPP) and sebacic acid (SA), namely PEG-CPP-SA terpolymer, was employed to self-assemble into micelles by adding water into a solution of the terpolymer in tetrahydrofuran (THF). The shape of polyanhydride micelles can be regulated by simply adjusting the water addition rate, where spherical, rod-like and comb-like micelles can obtained under water addition rate of 20, 3 and 1 ml/h, respectively...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Xuguang Li, Yuankun Dai, Tao Shen, Changyou Gao
Cell migration in scaffolds plays a crucial role in tissue regeneration, which can better mimic cell behaviors in vivo. In this study, a novel model has been proposed on controlling 3D cell migration in porous collagen-chitosan scaffolds with various pore structures under the stimulation of inflammatory cells to mimic the angiogenesis process. Endothelial cells (ECs) cultured atop the scaffolds in the Transwell molds which were placed into a well of a 24-well culture plate were promoted to migrate into the scaffolds by chemoattractants such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) secreted by the pro-inflammatory macrophages incubated in the well culture plate...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Gretchen S Selders, Allison E Fetz, Marko Z Radic, Gary L Bowlin
Despite considerable recent progress in defining neutrophil functions and behaviors in tissue repair, much remains to be determined with regards to its overall role in the tissue integration of biomaterials. This article provides an overview of the neutrophil's numerous, important roles in both inflammation and resolution, and subsequently, their role in biomaterial integration. Neutrophils function in three primary capacities: generation of oxidative bursts, release of granules and formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs); these combined functions enable neutrophil involvement in inflammation, macrophage recruitment, M2 macrophage differentiation, resolution of inflammation, angiogenesis, tumor formation and immune system activation...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Pu Jia, Hai Tang, Hao Chen, Li Bao, Fei Feng, He Yang, Jinjun Li
A sandwich vertebra is formed after multiple osteoporotic vertebral fractures treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty, which has a risk of developing new fractures. The purpose of our study was to (i) investigate the occurrence of new fractures in sandwich vertebra after cement augmentation procedures and to (ii) evaluate the clinical outcomes after prophylactic vertebral reinforcement applied with resorbable bone cement. From June 2011 to 2014, we analysed 55 patients with at least one sandwich vertebrae and treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Lin Du, Xiaohui Yang, Wenqiang Li, Xuhui Luo, Hao Wu, Jiaqing Zhang, Mei Tu
In order to provide a novel biomimetic composite substrate for tissue engineering and explore the interaction between cells and this type of material, we developed chitosan/liquid crystal (CS/LC) composite hydrogel with embedded LC phases by composing of cholesterol hydroxypropyl cellulose ester liquid crystalline material and CS. The micromorphology of CS/LC composite hydrogels exhibited 'islands-sea' phase separation structures similar to the 'fluid mosaic model' of biomembrane. In vitro cell compatibility study suggested that 3T3 is fibroblasts exhibited better initial cell adhesions and higher proliferation rates on the composite hydrogel than on the polystyrene control plate and the pure LC membrane...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Jian Chen, Wenyan Han, Jie Chen, Wenhui Zong, Weichao Wang, Yue Wang, Guanghui Cheng, Chunran Li, Lailiang Ou, Yaoting Yu
A multi-functional polystyrene based adsorbent (NKU-9) with a unique mesoporous and a high surface area was prepared by suspension polymerization for removal of therapeutic toxins in blood purification. The adsorbent produced had an almost equal amount of mesopore distribution in the range from 2 to 50 nm. The adsorption of serum toxins with different molecular weights were examined by in vitro adsorption assays and compared with some clinical currently used adsorbents such as HA-330, Cytosorb and BL-300 which are produced by China, America and Japan, respectively...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Xiaoli Wu, Liumin He, Wen Li, Heng Li, Wai-Man Wong, Seeram Ramakrishna, Wutian Wu
Peripheral nerves are fragile and easily damaged, usually resulting in nervous tissue loss, motor and sensory function loss. Advances in neuroscience and engineering have been significantly contributing to bridge the damage nerve and create permissive environment for axonal regrowth across lesions. We have successfully designed two self-assembling peptides by modifying RADA 16-I with two functional motifs IKVAV and RGD. Nanofiber hydrogel formed when combing the two neutral solutions together, defined as RADA 16-Mix that overcomes the main drawback of RADA16-I associated with low pH...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Pan Li, Junhui Zhou, Pingsheng Huang, Chuangnian Zhang, Weiwei Wang, Chen Li, Deling Kong
Antigen uptake by dendritic cells (DCs) is a key step for initiating antigen-specific T cell immunity. In the present study, novel synthetic polymeric nanoparticles were prepared as antigen delivery vehicles to improve the antigen uptake by DCs. Well-defined cationic and acid-responsive copolymers, monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(2-(diisopropyl amino) ethyl methacrylate)-block-poly(2-(guanidyl) ethyl methacrylate) (mPEG-b-PDPA-b-PGEM, PEDG) were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization of 2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate) and N-(tert-butoxycarbonyl) amino ethyl methacrylate monomers, followed by deprotection of tert-butyl protective groups and guanidinylation of obtained primary amines...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Peng Tian, Feng Peng, Donghui Wang, Xuanyong Liu
Fluoride-incorporated plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coating was fabricated on biodegradable AZ31 alloy. The surface morphologies and phases were investigated by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The effect of fluoride incorporation in coatings on corrosion behaviour was investigated in simulated body fluid and in vitro cytocompatibility of the coatings was also studied by evaluating cytotoxicity, adhesion, proliferation and live-dead stain of osteoblast cells (MC3T3-E1). Furthermore, the corrosion morphologies in vivo were examined...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Yi Wang, Juhui Qiu, Shisui Luo, Xiang Xie, Yiming Zheng, Kang Zhang, Zhiyi Ye, Wanqian Liu, Hans Gregersen, Guixue Wang
Rupture of atherosclerotic plaques causing thrombosis is the main cause of acute coronary syndrome and ischemic strokes. Inhibition of thrombosis is one of the important tasks developing biomedical materials such as intravascular stents and vascular grafts. Shear stress (SS) influences the formation and development of atherosclerosis. The current review focuses on the vulnerable plaques observed in the high shear stress (HSS) regions, which localizes at the proximal region of the plaque intruding into the lumen...
December 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
Anlin Yin, Gary L Bowlin, Rifang Luo, Xingdong Zhang, Yunbing Wang, Xiumei Mo
The construction of a smooth muscle layer for blood vessel through electrospinning method plays a key role in vascular tissue engineering. However, smooth muscle cells (SMCs) penetration into the electrospun graft to form a smooth muscle layer is limited due to the dense packing of fibers and lack of inducing factors. In this paper, silk fibroin/poly (L-lactide-ε-caplacton) (SF/PLLA-CL) vascular graft loaded with platelet-rich growth factor (PRGF) was fabricated by electrospinning. The in vitro results showed that SMCs cultured in the graft grew fast, and the incorporation of PRGF could induce deeper SMCs infiltrating compared to the SF/PLLA-CL graft alone...
December 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
Ying Yu, Chao Xu, Honglian Dai
A kind of degradable magnesium phosphate bone cement (MPBC) was fabricated by using the mixed powders of magnesium oxide (MgO), potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4) and calcium dihydrogen phosphate (Ca(H2PO4)2.H2O). As MgKPO4, the main product of MgO and KH2PO4 was alkaline, the Ca(H2PO4)2.H2O was added to neutralize the alkali of the system. And the effects of Ca(H2PO4)2.H2O on the performance of MPBC were discussed. The results showed that the adding of Ca(H2PO4)2.H2O extended the setting time, which was about 6 min to 18 min...
December 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
Jiuju Du, Wencheng Zhu, Li Yang, Changqiang Wu, Bingbing Lin, Jun Wu, Rongrong Jin, Taipeng Shen, Hua Ai
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles are excellent magnetic resonance contrast agents and surface engineering can expand their applications. When covered with amphiphilic alkyl-polyethyleneimine (PEI), the modified SPIO nanoparticles can be used as MRI visible gene/drug delivery carriers and cell tracking probes. However, the positively charged amines of PEI can also cause cytotoxicity and restricts their further applications. In this study, we used lactose to modify amphiphilic low molecular weight polyethylenimine (C12-PEI2K) at different lactosylation degree...
December 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
Lei Rong, Chi Zhang, Qi Lei, Ming-Ming Hu, Jun Feng, Hong-Bing Shu, Yi Liu, Xian-Zheng Zhang
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) detection in biological systems is of significant importance, which act as critical second messenger in fundamental biological processes. Here, we report on a chemoselective fluorescent naphthylimide peroxide probe (NPP) for the H2O2 detection in vitro and in vivo. NPP is a phenylboronic acid-caged chromophore that selectively responds to H2O2 through a self-immolate mechanism. NPP exhibited high sensitivity and selectivity to H2O2 with distinctive fluorescence change due to the excellent two-photon excitation property, which permits the facile detection of inflammation produced H2O2 and offers chance to monitor the inflammatory stages in diseased cells...
December 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
Tao Huang, Yufeng Zheng, Yong Han
Pure iron has been considered as a promising candidate for biodegradable implant applications. However, a faster degradation rate of pure iron is needed to meet the clinical requirement. In this work, metal vapor vacuum arc technology was adopted to implant zinc ions into the surface of pure iron. Results showed that the implantation depth of zinc ions was about 60 nm. The degradation rate of pure iron was found to be accelerated after zinc ion implantation. The cytotoxicity tests revealed that the implanted zinc ions brought a slight increase on cytotoxicity of the tested cells...
December 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
Fengzhen Liu, Kun Chen, Lei Hou, Keyi Li, Dawei Wang, Bin Zhang, Xiumei Wang
In order to establish and standardize the rabbit rib segmental bone defect model, it is of vital importance to determine rabbit rib critical size defect (CSD). According to the general time needed for spontaneous long-bone regeneration, three-month observation period was set to determine the CSD. The rabbit rib segmental bone defects with different sizes from 1 to 5 cm with or without periosteum were performed in the eighth rib of 4-month-old male New Zealand rabbits and underwent X-ray examinations at the 4th, 8th and 12th weeks postoperatively...
October 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
He-Ping Yin, Yu-Peng Wang, Zhi-Ye Qiu, Zhi-Cai Du, Yi-Min Wu, Shu-Wen Li
This study compares the safety and efficiency of two techniques in microendoscopic discectomy (MED) for lumbar disc herniation. The two techniques are MED with automatic nerve retractor and MED with nerve hook which had been widely used for many years. The former involves a newly developed MED device which contains three parts to protect nerve roots during operation. Four hundred and twenty-eight patients underwent MED treatments between October 2010 and September 2015 were recruited and randomized to either intraoperative utilization of automatic nerve retractor (n = 315, group A) or application of nerve hook during surgery (n = 113, group B)...
October 2016: Regenerative Biomaterials
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