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Regenerative Biomaterials

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026647/progress-in-development-of-bioderived-materials-for-dermal-wound-healing
#1
REVIEW
Lin-Cui Da, Yi-Zhou Huang, Hui-Qi Xie
Treatment of acute and chronic wounds is one of the primary challenges faced by doctors. Bioderived materials have significant potential clinical value in tissue injury treatment and defect reconstruction. Various strategies, including drug loading, addition of metallic element(s), cross-linking and combining two or more distinct types of materials with complementary features, have been used to synthesize more suitable materials for wound healing. In this review, we describe the recent developments made in the processing of bioderived materials employed for cutaneous wound healing, including newly developed materials such as keratin and soy protein...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026646/binary-titanium-alloys-as-dental-implant-materials-a-review
#2
REVIEW
Xiaotian Liu, Shuyang Chen, James K H Tsoi, Jukka Pekka Matinlinna
Titanium (Ti) has been used for long in dentistry and medicine for implant purpose. During the years, not only the commercially pure Ti but also some alloys such as binary and tertiary Ti alloys were used. The aim of this review is to describe and compare the current literature on binary Ti alloys, including Ti-Zr, Ti-In, Ti-Ag, Ti-Cu, Ti-Au, Ti-Pd, Ti-Nb, Ti-Mn, Ti-Mo, Ti-Cr, Ti-Co, Ti-Sn, Ti-Ge and Ti-Ga, in particular to mechanical, chemical and biological parameters related to implant application. Literature was searched using the PubMed and Web of Science databases, as well as google without limiting the year, but with principle key terms such as ' Ti alloy', 'binary Ti ', 'Ti-X' (with X is the alloy element), 'dental implant' and 'medical implant'...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026645/synthesis-and-characterization-of-collagen-plga-biodegradable-skin-scaffold-fibers
#3
Alireza Sadeghi-Avalshahr, Samira Nokhasteh, Amir Mahdi Molavi, Mohammad Khorsand-Ghayeni, Meysam Mahdavi-Shahri
The aim of this study is to investigate the applicability of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/collagen composite scaffold for skin tissue engineering. PLGA and collagen were dissolved in HFIP as a common solvent and fibrous scaffolds were prepared by electrospinning method. The scaffolds were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), FTIR spectroscopy, mercury porosimetry, tensile strength, biocompatibility assays and Biodegradation. Cytotoxicity and cell adhesion were tested for two cell line groups, human dermal fibroblast (HDF) and human keratinocyte (HaCat)...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026644/wet-spinning-fabrication-of-shear-patterned-alginate-hydrogel-microfibers-and-the-guidance-of-cell-alignment
#4
You Yang, Jing Sun, Xiaolu Liu, Zhenzhen Guo, Yunhu He, Dan Wei, Meiling Zhong, Likun Guo, Hongsong Fan, Xingdong Zhang
Native tissue is naturally comprised of highly-ordered cell-matrix assemblies in a multi-hierarchical way, and the nano/submicron alignment of fibrous matrix is found to be significant in supporting cellular functionalization. In this study, a self-designed wet-spinning device appended with a rotary receiving pool was used to continuously produce shear-patterned hydrogel microfibers with aligned submicron topography. The process that the flow-induced shear force reshapes the surface of hydrogel fiber into aligned submicron topography was systematically analysed...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026643/mineralized-collagen-artificial-bone-repair-material-products-used-for-fusing-the-podarthral-joints-with-internal-fixation-a-case-report
#5
Nihar S Ghate, Helen Cui
In this study, we reported a case with collapse and subluxation of metatarsal-cuneiform joint, navicular-cuneiform joint with subluxed the right first metatarsophalangeal joint. The injured medial column was internally fixed with compression arthrodesis. The fusion site was firmed up with BonGold® Bone Sponge and Bone Putty. The prognosis of fused navicular-cuneiform joint and metatarsal-cuneiform joint were examined by X-ray shortly after surgical operation and followed up 2, 4, 6, 9 and 13 weeks after the surgical operation...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026642/locking-system-strengthened-by-biomimetic-mineralized-collagen-putty-for-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-proximal-humeral-fractures
#6
Cheng Peng, Hai-Peng Wang, Jia-Hua Yan, Tian-Xi Song
The current study is to observe the effect of the locking system strengthened by biomimetic mineralized collagen putty for the treatment of senile proximal humeral osteoporotic fractures. From January 2012 to December 2015, 80 cases of senile patients with osteoporotic proximal humeral fractures were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each group with a total of 40 cases. The control group was simply treated with locking plate. The observation group was treated with locking plate in combination with biomimetic mineralized collagen putty...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026641/surface-hydrolysis-mediated-pegylation-of-poly-n-isopropyl-acrylamide-based-nanogels
#7
Jonathan T Peters, Stanley Verghese, Deepak Subramanian, Nicholas A Peppas
In this work, poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-acrylamide) [P(NIPAAm-co-AAm)] nanogels were modified by hydrolysis above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) to localize carboxylic acid functional groups at the surface (surface hydrolysis). PNIPAAm copolymerized with 15% and 20% nominal AAm in the feed were prepared and compared to equivalent hydrogels with acrylic acid. The effect and extent of surface hydrolysis was confirmed by potentiometric titration and zeta potential. These surface modified nanogels were then modified with primary amine functionalized PEG chains...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026640/directing-the-osteoblastic-and-chondrocytic-differentiations-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-matrix-vs-induction-media
#8
Jing He, Jianglong Guo, Bo Jiang, Ruijuan Yao, Yao Wu, Fang Wu
While both induction culture media and matrix have been reported to regulate the stem cell fate, little is known about which factor plays a more decisive role in directing the MSC differentiation lineage as well as the underlying mechanisms. To this aim, we seeded MSCs on HA-collagen and HA-synthetic hydrogel matrixes, which had demonstrated highly different potentials toward osteoblastic and chondrocytic differentiation lineages, respectively, and cultured them with osteogenic, chondrogenic and normal culture media, respectively...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798872/fiber-reinforced-scaffolds-in-soft-tissue-engineering
#9
REVIEW
Baoqing Pei, Wei Wang, Yubo Fan, Xiumei Wang, Fumio Watari, Xiaoming Li
Soft tissue engineering has been developed as a new strategy for repairing damaged or diseased soft tissues and organs to overcome the limitations of current therapies. Since most of soft tissues in the human body are usually supported by collagen fibers to form a three-dimensional microstructure, fiber-reinforced scaffolds have the advantage to mimic the structure, mechanical and biological environment of natural soft tissues, which benefits for their regeneration and remodeling. This article reviews and discusses the latest research advances on design and manufacture of novel fiber-reinforced scaffolds for soft tissue repair and how fiber addition affects their structural characteristics, mechanical strength and biological activities in vitro and in vivo...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798871/application-of-pmma-bone-cement-composited-with-bone-mineralized-collagen-in-percutaneous-kyphoplasty
#10
Ming Bai, Heping Yin, Jian Zhao, Yang Li, Yongdong Yang, Yimin Wu
We investigated the feasibility of applying polymethylmethacrylate bone cement composited with biomimetic bone-mineralizsed collagen to percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP). We performed PKP in 95 patients diagnosed with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture. All patients had fractures of a single vertebral body, and they were divided randomly into control (group A, 47 patients) and experimental (group B, 48 patients) groups. Patients in group A were treated with acrylic cement, and those in group B were treated with acrylic cement composited with the bone graft material...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798870/histopathological-and-imageological-studies-on-clinical-outcomes-of-mineralized-collagen-reconstruction-rod-for-femoral-head-necrosis-with-one-case-report
#11
Baogang Xie, Hao Wang, Jianhua Hao, Ping Wang, Na Zhang, Jingjing Wu, Zhiye Qiu, Fuzhai Cui
In this article, the biodegradation process and bone formation of a mineralized collagen reconstruction rod embedding in necrosis of human femoral head were investigated by imageological and histological methods. Computed radiography (CR) computerized tomography (CT), common pathological section and hard tissue section analysis were used to evaluated the dynamics of imageological and histopathological changes of femoral head, interface between the host bone and implant and the bone reconstruction process. The results showed that the density of rods increased closed to that of host bones after 1 year implanting, and the interface between them turns to blurring...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798869/a-novel-akermanite-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-porous-composite-scaffold-fabricated-via-a-solvent-casting-particulate-leaching-method-improved-by-solvent-self-proliferating-process
#12
Yao Deng, Mengjiao Zhang, Xianchun Chen, Ximing Pu, Xiaoming Liao, Zhongbing Huang, Guangfu Yin
Desirable scaffolds for tissue engineering should be biodegradable carriers to supply suitable microenvironments mimicked the extracellular matrices for desired cellular interactions and to provide supports for the formation of new tissues. In this work, a kind of slightly soluble bioactive ceramic akermanite (AKT) powders were aboratively selected and introduced in the PLGA matrix, a novel l-lactide modified AKT/poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (m-AKT/PLGA) composite scaffold was fabricated via a solvent casting-particulate leaching method improved by solvent self-proliferating process...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798868/facile-synthesis-of-nano-sized-cufe2s3-morphology-and-diverse-functional-tuning-and-crystal-growth-mechanism-exploring
#13
Xiao Zhang, Huan Zhao, Yuda Zhu, You Yang, Dongli Jiang, Xiaoqin Chen, Jing Sun, Jiaoming Luo, Bing Cai, Hongsong Fan
Ternary chalcogenide compounds are such promising and have been used for much practical applications. As a sort of these compounds, cubanite (CuFe2S3) possess some unique properties which can be used in different fields. In our study, we developed a facile one pot synthesis of CuFe2S3 nanocrystals (NCs) at a low reaction temperature, and achieved a morphology and phase composition tuning of the NCs through changing a variety of precursors and surfactants, meanwhile improved their magnetism and optical properties...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798867/effect-of-intraplaque-angiogenesis-to-atherosclerotic-rupture-prone-plaque-induced-by-high-shear-stress-in-rabbit-model
#14
Juhui Qiu, Daoxi Lei, Jianjun Hu, Tieying Yin, Kang Zhang, Donghong Yu, Guixue Wang
Atherosclerotic prone-rupture plaque is mainly localized in the region of the entrance to the stenosis with high shear stress and the reasons are largely unknown. Our hypothesis is that such a distribution of cells in atherosclerotic plaque may depend on the angiogenesis. Silastic collars induced regions of high shear stress (20.68 ± 5.27 dynes/cm(2)) in the upstream flow and low shear stress (12.25 ± 1.28 dynes/cm(2)) in the downstream flow in carotid arteries. Compared with the low shear stress region, plaques in the high shear stress region showed more intraplaque haemorrhaging, less collagen and higher apoptotic rates of vascular smooth muscle cells; endothelial cells (ECs) in the high shear stress region were characterized with integrity and high endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression (1570...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798866/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-degradation-behavior-of-poly-trimethylene-carbonate-co-d-l-lactic-acid-copolymer
#15
Zhengyu Ma, Yi Wu, Jing Wang, Changsheng Liu
We present P(TMC-co-DLLA) copolymer with the molar ratio of TMC: DLLA = 15: 85 was used to systematic study of in vivo and in vitro degradation behaviors. Dense homogeneous copolymer specimens were prepared by compression molding method. The in vitro and in vivo degradation were, respectively, performed at simulative body condition and implanted into rat's subcutaneous condition. Investigations were followed via physicochemical and histological analysis such as SEM, GPC, DSC, FTIR and H&E stain. The results demonstrate that copolymeric material can degrade in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) and in rat's body, and the in vivo degradation rate is faster...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740639/rgd-peptide-and-graphene-oxide-co-functionalized-plga-nanofiber-scaffolds-for-vascular-tissue-engineering
#16
Yong Cheol Shin, Jeonghyo Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Su-Jin Song, Suck Won Hong, Jin-Woo Oh, Jaebeom Lee, Jong-Chul Park, Suong-Hyu Hyon, Dong-Wook Han
In recent years, much research has been suggested and examined for the development of tissue engineering scaffolds to promote cellular behaviors. In our study, RGD peptide and graphene oxide (GO) co-functionalized poly(lactide-co-glycolide, PLGA) (RGD-GO-PLGA) nanofiber mats were fabricated via electrospinning, and their physicochemical and thermal properties were characterized to explore their potential as biofunctional scaffolds for vascular tissue engineering. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the RGD-GO-PLGA nanofiber mats were readily fabricated and composed of random-oriented electrospun nanofibers with average diameter of 558 nm...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596916/the-use-of-bioactive-peptides-to-modify-materials-for-bone-tissue-repair
#17
REVIEW
Cunyang Wang, Yan Liu, Yubo Fan, Xiaoming Li
It has been well recognized that the modification of biomaterials with appropriate bioactive peptides could further enhance their functions. Especially, it has been shown that peptide-modified bone repair materials could promote new bone formation more efficiently compared with conventional ones. The purpose of this article is to give a general review of recent studies on bioactive peptide-modified materials for bone tissue repair. Firstly, the main peptides for inducing bone regeneration and commonly used methods to prepare peptide-modified bone repair materials are introduced...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596915/the-effect-of-mechanical-loads-on-the-degradation-of-aliphatic-biodegradable-polyesters
#18
REVIEW
Ying Li, Zhaowei Chu, Xiaoming Li, Xili Ding, Meng Guo, Haoran Zhao, Jie Yao, Lizhen Wang, Qiang Cai, Yubo Fan
Aliphatic biodegradable polyesters have been the most widely used synthetic polymers for developing biodegradable devices as alternatives for the currently used permanent medical devices. The performances during biodegradation process play crucial roles for final realization of their functions. Because physiological and biochemical environment in vivo significantly affects biodegradation process, large numbers of studies on effects of mechanical loads on the degradation of aliphatic biodegradable polyesters have been launched during last decades...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596914/cytotoxic-effects-of-docetaxel-as-a-candidate-drug-of-drug-eluting-stent-on-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-and-the-signaling-pathway-of-cell-migration-inhibition-adhesion-delay-and-shape-change
#19
Tingzhang Hu, Chun Yang, Meiling Fu, Jiali Yang, Rolin Du, Xiaolin Ran, Tieying Yin, Guixue Wang
Docetaxel (DTX), a paclitaxel analogue, can efficiently inhibit proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and has broadly been used as an antiangiogenesis drug. However, as a candidate drug of drug-eluting stent, the effects of DTX on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) are still not well understood. Herein, we investigated the effects of DTX on proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, migration and morphology of HUVECs in vitro. We found that DTX had the cytostatic and cytotoxic effects at low and high concentrations, respectively...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596913/polyanhydride-micelles-with-diverse-morphologies-for-shape-regulated-cellular-internalization-and-blood-circulation
#20
Guang Yang, Jie Wang, Dan Li, Shaobing Zhou
Biodegradable amphiphilic poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) based ether-anhydride terpolymer, consisting of PEG, 1, 3-bis (p-carboxyphenoxy) propane (CPP) and sebacic acid (SA), namely PEG-CPP-SA terpolymer, was employed to self-assemble into micelles by adding water into a solution of the terpolymer in tetrahydrofuran (THF). The shape of polyanhydride micelles can be regulated by simply adjusting the water addition rate, where spherical, rod-like and comb-like micelles can obtained under water addition rate of 20, 3 and 1 ml/h, respectively...
June 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
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