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Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304115/type-1-diabetes-mellitus-can-coaching-improve-health-outcomes
#1
Thais Pereira Costa Magalhães, Rodrigo Bastos Fóscolo, Aleida Nazareth Soares, Janice Sepúlveda Reis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the introduction of coaching in the interdisciplinary care of individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the public health care system. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ten patients routinely attending a public health care service and with a glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level above 75% participated in eight coaching sessions. This study evaluated the patients' self-management of the disease and personal behavior. The participants were assessed at the beginning of the program and on two occasions after the intervention, with evaluation of biochemical and anthropometric data, and frequency of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG)...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304114/the-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related-protein-5-lrp5-4037c-t-polymorphism-candidate-for-susceptibility-to-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Karla Simone Costa de Souza, Marcela Abbott Galvão Ururahy, Yonara Monique da Costa Oliveira, Melina Bezerra Loureiro, Heglayne Pereira Vital da Silva, Raul Hernandes Bortolin, André Ducati Luchessi, Ricardo Fernando Arrais, Rosário Dominguez Crespo Hirata, Maria das Graças Almeida, Mário Hiroyuki Hirata, Adriana Augusto de Rezende
OBJECTIVE: The present study has investigated the association between low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) 4037C>T polymorphism and type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) susceptibility in a Brazilian population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total number of 134 T1DM patients and 180 normoglycemic individuals (NG) aged 6-20 years were studied. Glycated hemoglobin and glucose levels were determined. Genotyping of LRP5 4037C>T (rs3736228) was performed...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304113/a-brief-review-about-melatonin-a-pineal-hormone
#3
Fernanda Gaspar do Amaral, José Cipolla-Neto
Melatonin is a ubiquitous molecule in nature, being locally synthesized in several cells and tissues, besides being a hormone that is centrally produced in the pineal gland of vertebrates, particularly in mammals. Its pineal synthesis is timed by the suprachiasmatic nucleus, that is synchronized to the light-dark cycle via the retinohypothalamic tract, placing melatonin synthesis at night, provided its dark. This unique trait turns melatonin into an internal synchronizer that adequately times the organism's physiology to the daily and seasonal demands...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304112/mutation-screening-in-the-genes-pax-8-nkx2-5-tsh-r-hes-1-in-cohort-of-63-brazilian-children-with-thyroid-dysgenesis
#4
Taíse Lima de Oliveira Cerqueira, Yanne Rocha Ramos, Giorgia Bruna Strappa, Mariana Souza de Jesus, Jailciele Gonzaga Santos, Camila Sousa, Gildásio Carvalho, Vladimir Fernandes, Ney Boa-Sorte, Tatiana Amorim, Thiago Magalhães Silva, Ana Marice Teixeira Ladeia, Angelina Xavier Acosta, Helton Estrela Ramos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the candidate genes PAX-8, NKX2-5, TSH-R and HES-1 in 63 confirmed cases of thyroid dysgenesis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Characterization of patients with congenital hypothyroidism into specific subtypes of thyroid dysgenesis with hormone levels (TT4 and TSH), thyroid ultrasound and scintigraphy. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes and the genetic analysis was realized by investigating the presence of mutations in the transcription factor genes involved in thyroid development...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304111/hounsfield-unit-value-has-null-effect-on-thyroid-nodules-at-18f-fdg-pet-ct-scans
#5
Filiz Eksi Haydardedeoglu, Gulay Simsek Bagir, Nese Torun, Emrah Kocer, Mehmet Reyhan, Melek Eda Ertorer
OBJECTIVES: Detection rate of thyroid nodules is increasing with the use of new imaging modalities, especially in screening for malignancies. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/ CT)-positive thyroid nodules should be differentiated for malignancy to avoid unnecessary operations and further follow-up. Most trials evaluate the role of SUVmax, but there is no definitive information about the utility of Hounsfield unit (HU) values for prediction of malignancy. This study aimed to evaluate the HU values beside SUVmax for detecting malignancy risk of PET/CT-positive thyroid nodules...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304110/low-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-levels-are-associated-with-aggressive-breast-cancer-variants-and-poor-prognostic-factors-in-patients-with-breast-carcinoma
#6
Arunkumar Karthikayan, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Dharanipragada Kadambari, Chellappa Vijayakumar
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the serum 25-hydroxy (OH) vitamin D levels in patients with breast cancer compared to healthy controls and to identify its association with aggressive breast cancer phenotypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum 25-OH vitamin D levels of 78 breast cancer patients and 78 matched healthy controls were estimated using ELISA. The cases and controls were matched with respect to age, menopausal status, parity, weight, height and co-morbidities...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304109/association-between-undercarboxylated-osteocalcin-bone-mineral-density-and-metabolic-parameters-in-postmenopausal-women
#7
Leila C B Zanatta, Cesar L Boguszewski, Victoria Z C Borba, Carolina A Moreira
OBJECTIVE: Osteocalcin has been associated with several effects on energy and glucose metabolism. However, the physiological role of undercarboxylated osteocalcin (U-osc; the hormonally active isoform of osteocalcin) is still controversial. To correlate the serum levels of U-osc with bone mineral density (BMD) values and metabolic parameters in postmenopausal women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 105 postmenopausal women (age 56.5 ± 6.1 years, body mass index [BMI] 28...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304108/combination-therapy-of-curcumin-and-alendronate-modulates-bone-turnover-markers-and-enhances-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-with-osteoporosis
#8
Fatemeh Khanizadeh, Asghar Rahmani, Khairollah Asadollahi, Mohammad Reza Hafezi Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effects of combination therapy of curcumin and alendronate on BMD and bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind trial study, 60 postmenopausal women were divided into three groups: control, alendronate, and alendronate + curcumin. Each group included 20 patients. Total body, total hip, lumbar spine and femoral neck BMDs were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at baseline and after 12 months of therapy...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304107/lean-mass-as-a-determinant-of-bone-mineral-density-of-proximal-femur-in-postmenopausal-women
#9
Rosangela Villa Marin-Mio, Linda Denise Fernandes Moreira, Marília Camargo, Neide Alessandra Sansão Périgo, Maysa Seabra Cerondoglo, Marise Lazaretti-Castro
OBJECTIVE: To verify which component of body composition (BC) has greater influence on postmenopausal women bone mineral density (BMD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Four hundred and thirty women undergoing treatment for osteoporosis and 513 untreated women, except for calcium and vitamin D. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed in order to correlated BMD at lumbar spine (LS), total femur (FT), femoral neck (FN) with body mass (BM), total lean mass (LM) and total fat mass (FM), all determined by DXA...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304106/dapagliflozin-versus-saxagliptin-as-add-on-therapy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-inadequately-controlled-with-metformin
#10
Julio Rosenstock, Chantal Mathieu, Hungta Chen, Ricardo Garcia-Sanchez, Gabriela Luporini Saraiva
OBJECTIVE: This analysis compared the efficacy and safety of the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, dapagliflozin, and the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitor, saxagliptin, both added on to metformin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis from a double-blind, randomized, 24-week clinical trial (NCT01606007) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) inadequately controlled with metformin. We compared the dapagliflozin 10 mg (n = 179) and saxagliptin 5 mg (n = 176) treatment arms...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304105/waist-circumference-measurement-sites-and-their-association-with-visceral-and-subcutaneous-fat-and-cardiometabolic-abnormalities
#11
Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Marina de Moraes Vasconcelos Petribu, Isa Galvão Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the degree of variability of the waist circumference (WC) when obtained in different anatomical sites and compare the performance of the measurement sites as predictors of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and cardiometabolic abnormalities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study involving 119 individuals with overweight (50.3 ± 12.2 years), in which six WC measurement sites were evaluated (minimal waist, immediately below the lowest rib, midpoint between the lowest rib and the iliac crest, 2 cm above the umbilicus, immediately above the iliac crest, umbilicus level), in addition to the VAT and SAT (quantified by computed tomography) and cardiometabolic parameters...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304104/association-of-serum-thyrotropin-levels-with-coronary-artery-disease-documented-by-quantitative-coronary-angiography-a-transversal-study
#12
Pedro D Ortolani, João H Romaldini, Ricardo A Guerra, Evandro S Portes, George C X Meireles, João Pimenta
OBJECTIVE: The association between coronary artery disease (CAD) and thyroid function remains controversial. We evaluated the thyroid function and graduated well-defined CAD as confirmed by quantitative coronary angiography (CA). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the serum TSH, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine and thyroid antibody levels in 300 consecutive patients (age 61.6 ± 9.9 years and 54% were male) undergoing CAD diagnosis as confirmed by CA. Plaques with ≥ 50% stenosis being indicative of obstructive CAD, and patients were divided into groups according to main epicardial coronary arteries with plaques (0, 1, 2, 3)...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304103/the-effect-of-levothyroxine-treatment-on-left-ventricular-function-in-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#13
Valentina Velkoska Nakova, Brankica Krstevska, Elizabeta Srbinovska Kostovska, Olivija Vaskova, Ljubica Georgievska Ismail
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism (ScH), especially the mild form of ScH, is controversial because thyroid hormones influence cardiac function. We investigate left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in ScH and evaluate the effect of 5-month levothyroxine treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients with newly diagnosed mild ScH (4.2 <TSH < 10.0 mU/L) and 30 euthyroid subjects matched by age were analysed. Laboratory analyses and an echocardiography study were done at the first visit and after 5 months in euthyroid stage in patients with ScH...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304102/recent-recommendations-from-ata-guidelines-to-define-the-upper-reference-range-for-serum-tsh-in-the-first-trimester-match-reference-ranges-for-pregnant-women-in-rio-de-janeiro
#14
Nathalie Anne de Oliveira E Silva de Morais, Annie Schtscherbyna Almeida de Assis, Carolina Martins Corcino, Débora Ayres Saraiva, Tatiana Martins Benvenuto Louro Berbara, Carolina Donner de Drummond Ventura, Mario Vaisman, Patrícia de Fátima Dos Santos Teixeira
OBJECTIVES: American Thyroid Association (ATA)'s new guidelines recommend use of population-based trimester-specific reference range (RR) for thyrotropin (TSH) in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine first trimester TSH RR for a population of pregnant women in Rio de Janeiro State. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and seventy pregnant women without thyroid illness, defined by National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry, and normal iodine status were included in this sectional study...
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30304101/region-specific-reference-intervals-for-tsh-in-pregnancy-time-for-changes-in-brazil
#15
EDITORIAL
José Augusto Sgarbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972435/an-update-of-genetic-basis-of-pcos-pathogenesis
#16
REVIEW
Raiane P Crespo, Tania A S S Bachega, Berenice B Mendonça, Larissa G Gomes
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common and complex endocrine disorder that affects 5-20% of reproductive age women. PCOS clinical symptoms include hirsutism, menstrual dysfunction, infertility, obesity and metabolic syndrome. There is a wide heterogeneity in clinical manifestations and metabolic complications. The pathogenesis of PCOS is not fully elucidated, but four aspects seem to contribute to the syndrome to different degrees: increased ovarian and/or adrenal androgen secretion, partial folliculogenesis arrest, insulin resistance and neuroendocrine axis dysfunction...
June 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972434/how-deep-is-our-anxiety-during-treatment-of-thyroid-cancer
#17
EDITORIAL
Flavio Carneiro Hojaij
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29972433/the-elusive-clinical-significance-of-osteocalcin-actions-in-energy-metabolism-in-humans
#18
EDITORIAL
Bruno Ferraz-de-Souza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791662/graves-ophthalmopathy-low-dose-dexamethasone-reduces-retinoic-acid-receptor-alpha-gene-expression-in-orbital-fibroblasts
#19
Sarah Santiloni Cury, Miriane Oliveira, Maria Teresa Síbio, Sueli Clara, Renata De Azevedo Melo Luvizotto, Sandro Conde, Edson Nacib Jorge, Vania Dos Santos Nunes, Célia Regina Nogueira, Gláucia Maria Ferreira da Silva Mazeto
OBJECTIVE: Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) is an autoimmune disease that leads to ocular proptosis caused by fat accumulation and inflammation, and the main treatment is corticosteroid therapy. Retinoid acid receptor-alpha (RARα) seems to be associated with inflammation and adipocyte differentiation. This study aimed to assess the effect of glucocorticoid treatment on orbital fibroblasts of GO patient treated or not with different glucocorticoid doses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Orbital fibroblasts collected during orbital decompression of a female patient with moderately severe/severe GO were cultivated and treated with 10 nM and 100 nM dexamethasone (Dex)...
June 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791661/effectiveness-and-safety-of-carbohydrate-counting-in-the-management-of-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Eliege Carolina Vaz, Gustavo José Martiniano Porfírio, Hélio Rubens de Carvalho Nunes, Vania Dos Santos Nunes-Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of carbohydrate counting (CHOC) in the treatment of adult patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized studies that compared CHOC with general dietary advice in adult patients with DM1. The primary outcomes were changes in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), quality of life, and episodes of severe hypoglycemia. We searched the following electronic databases: Embase, PubMed, Lilacs, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
June 2018: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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