Read by QxMD icon Read

Nature Plants

Ulrich Hohmann, Joël Nicolet, Andrea Moretti, Ludwig A Hothorn, Michael Hothorn
In the version of this Letter originally published, there were errors in the x axis labels of Figs 1, 2 and 4: in Fig. 1b, the label Col-0 should not have been included on the axis; in Fig. 2b BIR should have read BIR2, and DN221 should have read D122N; in Fig. 4f, pSEK3 should have read pSERK3. These figures have now been amended in all versions of the Letter.
August 14, 2018: Nature Plants
Hirokazu Toju, Kabir G Peay, Masato Yamamichi, Kazuhiko Narisawa, Kei Hiruma, Ken Naito, Shinji Fukuda, Masayuki Ushio, Shinji Nakaoka, Yusuke Onoda, Kentaro Yoshida, Klaus Schlaeppi, Yang Bai, Ryo Sugiura, Yasunori Ichihashi, Kiwamu Minamisawa, E Toby Kiers
Owing to a technical error, this Perspective was originally published without its received and accepted dates; the dates "Received: 31 December 2017; Accepted: 23 March 2018" have now been included in all versions.
August 14, 2018: Nature Plants
Mark Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2018: Nature Plants
Mingwang Ye, Zhen Peng, Die Tang, Zhongmin Yang, Dawei Li, Yunmei Xu, Chunzhi Zhang, Sanwen Huang
Re-domestication of potato into an inbred line-based diploid crop propagated by seed represents a promising alternative to traditional clonal propagation of tetraploid potato, but self-incompatibility has hindered the development of inbred lines. To address this problem, we created self-compatible diploid potatoes by knocking out the self-incompatibility gene S-RNase using the CRISPR-Cas9 system. This strategy opens new avenues for diploid potato breeding and will also be useful for studying other self-incompatible crops...
August 13, 2018: Nature Plants
Wenhao Yan, Dijun Chen, Cezary Smaczniak, Julia Engelhorn, Haiyang Liu, Wenjing Yang, Alexander Graf, Cristel C Carles, Dao-Xiu Zhou, Kerstin Kaufmann
Targeted changes in chromatin state at thousands of genes are central to eukaryotic development. RELATIVE OF EARLY FLOWERING 6 (REF6) is a Jumonji-type histone demethylase that counteracts Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2)-mediated gene silencing in plants and was reported to select its binding sites in a direct, sequence-specific manner1-3 . Here we show that REF6 and its two close paralogues determine spatial 'boundaries' of the repressive histone H3K27me3 mark in the genome and control the tissue-specific release from PRC2-mediated gene repression...
August 13, 2018: Nature Plants
Aline Muyle, Niklaus Zemp, Cécile Fruchard, Radim Cegan, Jan Vrana, Clothilde Deschamps, Raquel Tavares, Roman Hobza, Franck Picard, Alex Widmer, Gabriel A B Marais
Sex chromosomes have repeatedly evolved from a pair of autosomes. Consequently, X and Y chromosomes initially have similar gene content, but ongoing Y degeneration leads to reduced expression and eventual loss of Y genes1 . The resulting imbalance in gene expression between Y genes and the rest of the genome is expected to reduce male fitness, especially when protein networks have components from both autosomes and sex chromosomes. A diverse set of dosage compensating mechanisms that alleviates these negative effects has been described in animals2-4 ...
August 13, 2018: Nature Plants
Roberta Bergero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2018: Nature Plants
Hongchang Zhang, Xingguang Deng, Baojuan Sun, Sonny Lee Van, Zhensheng Kang, Honghui Lin, Yuh-Ru Julie Lee, Bo Liu
In the version of this Article originally published, the affiliation for author Yuh-Ru Julie Lee was incorrect; the correct affiliation is '2 Department of Plant Biology, College of Biological Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, USA'. This has now been amended in all versions of the Article.
August 7, 2018: Nature Plants
Yuto Takenaka, Kohei Kato, Mari Ogawa-Ohnishi, Kana Tsuruhama, Hiroyuki Kajiura, Kenta Yagyu, Atsushi Takeda, Yoichi Takeda, Tadashi Kunieda, Ikuko Hara-Nishimura, Takeshi Kuroha, Kazuhiko Nishitani, Yoshikatsu Matsubayashi, Takeshi Ishimizu
Pectin is one of the three key cell wall polysaccharides in land plants and consists of three major structural domains: homogalacturonan, rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) and RG-II. Although the glycosyltransferase required for the synthesis of the homogalacturonan and RG-II backbone was identified a decade ago, those for the synthesis of the RG-I backbone, which consists of the repeating disaccharide unit [→2)-α-L-Rha-(1 → 4)-α-D-GalUA-(1→], have remained unknown. Here, we report the identification and characterization of Arabidopsis RG-I:rhamnosyltransferases (RRTs), which transfer the rhamnose residue from UDP-β-L-rhamnose to RG-I oligosaccharides...
August 6, 2018: Nature Plants
Peter Ulvskov, Henrik V Scheller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2018: Nature Plants
Oliver Xiaoou Dong, Kevin Ao, Fang Xu, Kaeli C M Johnson, Yuxiang Wu, Lin Li, Shitou Xia, Yanan Liu, Yan Huang, Eleazar Rodriguez, Xuejin Chen, She Chen, Yuelin Zhang, Morten Petersen, Xin Li
In plants and animals, nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLR) proteins serve as intracellular immune receptors. Defence signalling by NLRs often requires the formation of NLR heteropairs. Our knowledge of the molecular mechanism regulating this process is limited. In a reverse genetic screen to identify the partner of the Arabidopsis typical NLR, SUPRESSOR OF NPR1, CONSTITUTIVE 1 (SNC1), we discovered three NLRs that are redundantly required for SNC1-mediated defence, which were named SIDEKICK SNC1 1 (SIKIC1), SIKIC2 and SIKIC3...
August 6, 2018: Nature Plants
Ryan Scarrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2018: Nature Plants
Chris Surridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2018: Nature Plants
Raphael Trösch, Rouhollah Barahimipour, Yang Gao, Jesús Agustín Badillo-Corona, Vincent Leon Gotsmann, David Zimmer, Timo Mühlhaus, Reimo Zoschke, Felix Willmund
Chloroplast gene expression is a fascinating and highly regulated process, which was mainly studied on specific genes in a few model organisms including the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii) and the embryophyte (land) plants tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) and Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). However, a direct plastid genome-wide interspecies comparison of chloroplast gene expression that includes translation was missing. We adapted a targeted chloroplast ribosome profiling approach to quantitatively compare RNA abundance and translation output between Chlamydomonas, tobacco and Arabidopsis...
July 30, 2018: Nature Plants
Chun-Lin Shi, Daniel von Wangenheim, Ullrich Herrmann, Mari Wildhagen, Ivan Kulik, Andreas Kopf, Takashi Ishida, Vilde Olsson, Mari Kristine Anker, Markus Albert, Melinka A Butenko, Georg Felix, Shinichiro Sawa, Manfred Claassen, Jiří Friml, Reidunn B Aalen
The root cap protects the stem cell niche of angiosperm roots from damage. In Arabidopsis, lateral root cap (LRC) cells covering the meristematic zone are regularly lost through programmed cell death, while the outermost layer of the root cap covering the tip is repeatedly sloughed. Efficient coordination with stem cells producing new layers is needed to maintain a constant size of the cap. We present a signalling pair, the peptide IDA-LIKE1 (IDL1) and its receptor HAESA-LIKE2 (HSL2), mediating such communication...
July 30, 2018: Nature Plants
Colleen Drapek, Erin E Sparks, Peter Marhavy, Isaiah Taylor, Tonni G Andersen, Jessica H Hennacy, Niko Geldner, Philip N Benfey
Changes in gene regulation during differentiation are governed by networks of transcription factors. The Arabidopsis root endodermis is a tractable model to address how transcription factors contribute to differentiation. We used a bottom-up approach to understand the extent to which transcription factors that are required for endodermis differentiation can confer endodermis identity to a non-native cell type. Our results show that the transcription factors SHORTROOT and MYB36 alone have limited ability to induce ectopic endodermal features in the absence of additional cues...
July 30, 2018: Nature Plants
Brandon S Gaut, Danelle K Seymour, Qingpo Liu, Yongfeng Zhou
Over two thousand plant species have been modified morphologically through cultivation and human use. Here, we review three aspects of crop domestication that are currently undergoing marked revisions, due to analytical advancements and their application to whole genome resequencing (WGS) data. We begin by discussing the duration and demographic history of domestication. There has been debate as to whether domestication occurred quickly or slowly. The latter is tentatively supported both by fossil data and application of WGS data to sequentially Markovian coalescent methods that infer the history of effective population size...
July 30, 2018: Nature Plants
Chao Zhou, Changshi Wang, Hongbo Liu, Qiangwei Zhou, Qian Liu, Yan Guo, Ting Peng, Jiaming Song, Jianwei Zhang, Lingling Chen, Yu Zhao, Zhixiong Zeng, Dao-Xiu Zhou
DNA N6 -methyladenine (6mA) is a non-canonical DNA modification that is present at low levels in different eukaryotes1-8 , but its prevalence and genomic function in higher plants are unclear. Using mass spectrometry, immunoprecipitation and validation with analysis of single-molecule real-time sequencing, we observed that about 0.2% of all adenines are 6mA methylated in the rice genome. 6mA occurs most frequently at GAGG motifs and is mapped to about 20% of genes and 14% of transposable elements. In promoters, 6mA marks silent genes, but in bodies correlates with gene activity...
July 30, 2018: Nature Plants
Soeun Han, Hyunwoo Cho, Jaegyun Noh, Jiyan Qi, Hee-Jung Jung, Heejae Nam, Seungchul Lee, Daehee Hwang, Thomas Greb, Ildoo Hwang
Vascular cambium proliferation in plants is crucial for the generation of vascular tissues and for mechanical strength. Phytohormones and mobile peptides are key regulators of vascular cambial activity during secondary growth; however, the signalling cross-talk underlying their coordinated action is largely unknown. Here, we reveal that BIN2-LIKE 1 (BIL1), a glycogen synthase kinase 3, integrates the PHLOEM INTERCALATED WITH XYLEM/tracheary element differentiation inhibitory factor (TDIF) RECEPTOR (PXY/TDR) module into MONOPTEROS/AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR 5 (MP/ARF5) transcription factor action during secondary growth...
July 9, 2018: Nature Plants
Li Yao, Ya Zhang, Chunxia Liu, Yubo Liu, Yanli Wang, Dawei Liang, Juntao Liu, Gayatri Sahoo, Timothy Kelliher
Intraspecific haploid induction in maize (Zea mays) is triggered by a native frameshift mutation in MATRILINEAL (MATL), which encodes a pollen-specific phospholipase. To develop a haploid inducer in rice (Oryza sativa), we generated an allelic series in the putative ZmMATL orthologue, OsMATL, and found that knockout mutations led to a reduced seed set and a 2-6% haploid induction rate. This demonstrates MATL functional conservation and represents a major advance for rice breeding.
July 9, 2018: Nature Plants
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"