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Journal of Anesthesia History

Shernaz S Dossabhoy, Jessica Feng, Manisha S Desai
INTRODUCTION: We determined the extent and context in which the Hippocratic or other oaths are administered at accredited medical schools in the United States. METHODS: An online survey was used to gather data about oath ceremonies at every allopathic medical school in the US. RESULTS: Sixty-seven of 141 contacted medical schools (48%) had medical students recite an oath. Fifty-nine (88% of responding institutions) had students swear an oath more than once during medical training and 30 (45%) used more than one oath...
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
In 1887, American dentist Samuel J. Hayes published reports associating unoxygenated anesthetics with asphyxia and insanity, and then British psychiatrist George H. Savage published a report of cases of insanity following nitrous-oxide anesthesia in British journals.
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Christopher C Felchlia, George S Bause
During the latter half of the six-year long "Panic of 1873," nitrous-oxide pioneer G.Q. Colton developed, advertised, and sold his dentifrice, "Dr Colton's Vegetable Dentonic" to supplement his dental anesthetic enterprise.
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Qing H Yang, Theodore A Alston
The Jackson-Morton 1846 patent for surgical insensibility by means of sulphuric ether states that opiates can be added to the ether and co-administered by inhalation. The erroneous concept that ether could carry opiates in its vapor phase at room temperature was proposed in Boston in 1846 by Elton Romeo Smilie (1819-1889), who believed that the opiates were more important than the ether vehicle.
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Eun Kyung Ellen Kim, Bronwyn Cooper, Manisha S Desai
INTRODUCTION: History of anesthesia can be learned through formal didactic lectures, discussions, tours, audiovisual media, general anesthesia textbooks, anesthesia history texts, and by popular literature. METHODS: We studied thirteen books that describe events and advances related to the discovery and development of modern anesthesia. Deliberately omitted were books that might be considered by some to be textbooks, because our aim was to explore the genre of popular literature...
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Qing H Yang, Theodore A Alston
Extravagant claims were made for proprietary dental anesthetics in Boston, MA, in the late 1800s. For instance, in 1883, Urial K. Mayo introduced an inhaled Vegetable Anaesthetic comprised of nitrous oxide that had been uselessly pretreated with botanical material. This misguided concept may have been inspired by homeopathy, but it was also in line with the earlier false belief of Elton R. Smilie, Charles T. Jackson, and William T.G. Morton that sulfuric ether could volatilize opium at room temperature. In 1895, the Dental Methyl Company advertised an agent they called Methyl, a supposedly perfect topical anesthetic for painless dental extraction...
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Darin J Correll, Kamen V Vlassakov, Igor Kissin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine how interest in various general anesthetics among the authors of academic publications changed over the past 50 years. METHODS: Publication-based academic interest were analyzed using specific scientometric indices: popularity index (PI), top journal selectivity index (TJSI), and index of change (IC). Terms used for searches were the names of drugs belonging to two pharmacological classes of general anesthetics - inhaled and intravenous...
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Peter J Featherstone, Harshna Ravindran
While cataloguing the historical items in the Department of Anaesthesia, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK, we discovered an unusual chloroform inhaler, which incorporated two air-inlet tubes in addition to its main inspiratory valve as well as a funnel on one of its lateral walls. An accompanying card stated that the device was thought to be a modification of Snow's inhaler, by James Robinson. It had been found among some old instruments in a General Practice in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire, and had probably been acquired by an early practitioner named Dr...
April 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Christina H Shin, Theodore A Alston
In 1847, British anesthesia pioneer John Snow (1813-1858) observed that patients did not manifest cyanosis during induction with hypoxic mixtures of ether vapor in air. He hypothesized a molecular mechanism that would be understood over a century later as the second gas effect.
January 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Rajesh P Haridas
In the 1870s, Joseph Jacobs was employed as an apprentice in the Longs and Billups pharmacy in Athens, GA. Jacobs later established a chain of pharmacies in Atlanta, GA. Coca-Cola was first sold to the public on May 8, 1886, at Jacobs' Pharmacy in the Five Points district of Atlanta, GA. The soda fountain in Jacobs' Pharmacy was owned by Willis E. Venable, who was related to James M. Venable, the first patient etherized by Crawford Long in Jefferson, GA.
January 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Marc E Gentili, Jacques Hotton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Jerzy Wordliczek, Joanna Jakowicka-Wordliczek, Renata Zajaczkowska
Professor Henryk Hilarowicz was a Polish surgeon who first described the technique of brachial plexus block performed in the interscalene groove between the anterior and middle scalene muscles. The article devoted to the technique appeared in the German-language journal Zentralblatt für Chirurgie in 1925, 45 years before Alon Winnie, who is widely regarded as the originator of this method, published his paper in Anesthesia & Analgesia in 1970.
January 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Jane S Moon, Catherine M Kuza, Manisha S Desai
William James greatly influenced the fields of psychology, philosophy, and religion during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This was the era of Modernism, a time when many writers rejected the certainty of Enlightenment ideals. Positivism, which rose to prominence in the early 19th century, had emphasized physical phenomena, empirical evidence, and the scientific method. Darwin's On the Origin of Species (1859), with its theory of natural selection, provided an explanation for the evolution of species apart from a divine Creator...
January 2018: Journal of Anesthesia History
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
American dentist Zacheus Rogers taught surgeon Edmund Andrews-and indirectly anesthesia pioneers SJ Hayes and FW Hewitt-to oxygenate anesthetics. Ironically, Rogers may have himself suffered neurologic damage by failing to oxygenate the nitrous oxide that he is speculated to have abused personally.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
Sheng-Chieh Chang, George S Bause
During the 1879 Brunswick & Balke World Billiards Tournament, Manager FC Newhall had a tooth extracted under nitrous oxide administered by GQ Colton. The dental extraction occurred at the tournament site, New York City's Cooper Institute.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
Qing H Yang, Jingping Wang, Theodore A Alston
John Collins Warren, the surgeon of Ether Day in 1846 at Massachusetts General Hospital, entered sulphuric ether into the nationally recognized Massachusetts pharmacopeia of 1808.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
Though most patients survived the hypoxic challenge, some patients likely suffered asphyxial brain damage from GQ Colton's nitrous-oxide techniques and were admitted to insane or lunatic asylums.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
Marta Mion
Several ancient authors cited mandrake as a powerful and well-known narcotic drug: from Homer to Dioscorides, from Plato to Aristotle, passing from Hippocrates, Demosthenes, Theophrastus, Celsus, and Apuleius. Their detailed studies included the concrete appearance of the plant, the related recipes including mandrake as essential ingredient, the right dosages, how to administer the obtained medication, and the possible collateral effects. Even in the Middle Ages, the success of this root continued: Isidore of Seville, Theodoric of Cervia, Gilbertus Anglicus, and William from Varignana extensively reported their researches on sponges soaked with mandrake juice, which were used before surgical interventions as soporific tools...
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
Darin J Correll, Igor Kissin
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine how drugs and their administration techniques, introduced over the past 40 years and still popular now, influenced publication-based academic interest in the treatment of postoperative pain. METHODS: Specific scientometric indices-popularity index (PI), top journal selectivity index (TJSI), and index of change (IC)-were used. Of the 61 terms searched, only those that had a PI value ≥1.0 during the 2011-2015 period were selected...
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
Benjamin Gorbaty
The Civil War influenced all aspects of American society and culture, including the field of medicine and critical care. Union physician Lauramann Howe Russell's letter to his daughter, Ellen Howe, written on October 19, 1862, illustrates the changes in hospital construction, gender roles in healthcare and medical treatments which revolutionized healthcare during the Civil War. This letter offers a glimpse of the medical care of wounded soldiers during the early years of the Civil War. In describing his conversion hospital, he reveals the precursor to the new hospital construction which would greatly influence hospital design for decades to come...
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
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