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Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895922/commentary-to-nicastro-et-al-2016-borderline-personality-disorder-and-emotion-dysregulation
#1
EDITORIAL
Nader Perroud, Ueli Kramer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777779/a-systematic-review-on-the-relationship-between-antisocial-borderline-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnostic-traits-and-risk-of-violence-to-others-in-a-clinical-and-forensic-sample
#2
REVIEW
Joe Lowenstein, Charlotte Purvis, Katie Rose
Risk assessments identify the presence of a Personality Disorder diagnosis as relevant to future violence. At present, risk assessments focus on the presence of the disorder rather than identifying key traits related to risk. Systematic searches of three databases were conducted from January 2000 until August 2014. Of 92,143, 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. A lack of empirical research was found focusing on individual traits; instead most considered PD diagnosis as a sole entity. A preliminary model has been developed detailing the link between potential interactions of diagnostic traits and risk of violence...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761262/women-with-exposure-to-childhood-interpersonal-violence-without-psychiatric-diagnoses-show-no-signs-of-impairment-in-general-functioning-quality-of-life-and-sexuality
#3
Sophie Rausch, Julia Herzog, Janine Thome, Petra Ludäscher, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Regina Steil, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Childhood interpersonal violence is a major risk factor for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), other axis-I disorders or Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Individuals with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical abuse (CPA) who meet the criteria of any axis-I disorder usually also exhibit general psychopathologic symptoms and impairments in quality of life and sexuality. The present study investigates whether women with a history of potentially traumatic CSA/CPA without any axis-I disorder or BPD show subthreshold symptoms of PTSD-specific and general psychopathology and impairments in global functioning, quality of life, and sexuality...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761261/experiences-of-women-in-secure-care-who-have-been-prescribed-clozapine-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Geoffrey L Dickens, Catherine Frogley, Fiona Mason, Katina Anagnostakis, Marco M Picchioni
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is an atypical antipsychotic medicine which can cause significant side-effects. It is often prescribed off-license in severe cases of borderline personality disorder contrary to national treatment guidelines. Little is known about the experiences of those who take clozapine for borderline personality disorder. We explored the lived-experience of women in secure inpatient care who were prescribed clozapine for borderline personality disorder. FINDINGS: Adult females (N = 20) participated in audio-taped semi-structured interviews...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713819/attention-to-emotional-stimuli-in-borderline-personality-disorder%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-review-of-the-influence-of-dissociation-self-reference-and-psychotherapeutic-interventions
#5
Dorina Winter
Interactions between attention and processing of emotional stimuli shed light on both sensitivity to emotional stimuli as well as emotion dysregulation. Both of the latter processes have been proposed as central characteristics of altered emotion processing in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD). This review first summarizes the conflicting behavioural, psychophysiological and neuroimaging evidence for the hypothesis that emotional dysregulation should be reflected by higher distractibility through emotional stimuli in those with BPD...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617096/a-new-intervention-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-are-also-parents-a-pilot-study-of-clinician-acceptability
#6
Kye L McCarthy, Kate L Lewis, Marianne E Bourke, Brin F S Grenyer
BACKGROUND: Engaging parents who have a personality disorder in interventions designed to protect children from the extremes of the disorder supports both parenting skills and healthy child development. In line with evidence-based guidelines, a 'Parenting with Personality Disorder' brief intervention was developed, focusing on child safety, effective communication and parenting strategies. METHOD: Ratings of acceptability for the brief intervention model were given by 168 mental health clinicians who attended training...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588205/predicting-dropout-in-outpatient-dialectical-behavior-therapy-with-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-receiving-psychiatric-disability
#7
Sara J Landes, Samantha A Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
BACKGROUND: Rates of treatment dropout in outpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) in the community can be as high as 24 % to 58 %, making dropout a great concern. The primary purpose of this article was to examine predictors of dropout from DBT in a community mental health setting. METHODS: Participants were 56 consumers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were psychiatrically disabled participating in a larger feasibility trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy- Accepting the Challenges of Exiting the System...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529025/exploration-of-emotion-regulation-experiences-associated-with-borderline-personality-features-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#8
Carly M Porter, Carol A Ireland, Kathryn J Gardner, Mike Eslea
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is a core feature associated with borderline personality features (BPF). Little research has explored how individuals with high levels of BPF regulate their emotions. This study aimed to explore how individuals with high versus low levels of BPF compare on the strategies they use to regulate emotions and in their experiences of emotion regulation. METHODS: Twenty-nine university students were recruited and assessed for the presence of BPF using self-report questionnaires...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482383/the-impact-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-the-symptomatology-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#9
Sylvia Cackowski, Tamar Neubauer, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Previous findings on the impact of co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have revealed inconsistencies, which may have been related to small sample sizes or differences in the presence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). In this study, the potentially aggravating impact of PTSD and the role of CSA were examined in a large cohort of BPD patients. METHODS: BPD patients with current PTSD (n = 142) were compared to BPD patients without PTSD (n = 225) regarding different BPD features such as non-suicidal self-injury...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446589/dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-use-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-personality-disorders-and-psychopathy-a-community-self-report-study
#10
Andrada D Neacsiu, Mathew A Tkachuck
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is a critical transdiagnostic mental health problem that needs to be further examined in personality disorders (PDs). The current study examined dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills use, emotion dysregulation, and dysfunctional coping among adults who endorsed symptoms of cluster B PDs and psychopathy. We hypothesized that skills taught in DBT and emotion dysregulation are useful for adults with PDs other than borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386138/analyzing-subcomponents-of-affective-dysregulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-in-comparison-to-other-clinical-groups-using-multiple-e-diary-datasets
#11
P S Santangelo, M F Limberger, C Stiglmayr, M Houben, J Coosemans, G Verleysen, P Kuppens, F Tuerlinckx, W Vanpaemel, U W Ebner-Priemer
BACKGROUND: Affective dysregulation is widely regarded as being the core problem in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Moreover, BPD is the disorder mainly associated with affective dysregulation. However, the empirical confirmation of the specificity of affective dysregulation for BPD is still pending. We used a validated approach from basic affective science that allows for simultaneously analyzing three interdependent components of affective dysregulation that are disturbed in patients with BPD: homebase, variability, and attractor strength (return to baseline)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293768/psychometric-properties-of-the-french-borderline-symptom-list-short-form-bsl-23
#12
Rosetta Nicastro, Paco Prada, Anne-Lise Kung, Virginie Salamin, Alexandre Dayer, Jean-Michel Aubry, Florence Guenot, Nader Perroud
BACKGROUND: The short form of the Borderline Symptom List (BSL-23) is a self-rating instrument used to assess specific symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The original German version has shown good psychometric proprieties. The BSL-23 can also be used to measure the effects of therapy on patients with BPD. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the French version of the BSL-23. METHODS: The French version of the BSL-23 was given to 265 subjects with BPD...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252857/difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#13
Catherine Ruscitti, Katrina Rufino, Natalie Goodwin, Rebecca Wagner
BACKGROUND: A defining characteristic of eating disorders (EDs) is difficulty with emotion regulation (ER). Previous research indicates that ED subtypes demonstrate differing ER difficulties. Specifically, individuals with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or Bulimia Nervosa (BN) show greater impairment in their ability to regulate emotions in areas such as achieving goals while upset, reacting impulsively to distress, and effectively using coping strategies, as compared to those with Binge Eating Disorder (BED)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918191/the-specificity-of-mental-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder-compared-to-depressive-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#14
Eric A Fertuck, Esen Karan, Barbara Stanley
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) may experience a qualitatively distinct depression which includes "mental pain." Mental pain includes chronic, aversive emotions, negative self-concept, and a sense of pervasive helplessness. The present study investigated whether mental pain is elevated in BPD compared to Depressive Disorders (DD) without BPD. METHODS: The Orbach and Mikulincer Mental Pain Scale (OMMP) was administered to BPD (N = 57), DD (N = 22), and healthy controls (N = 31)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26759718/effects-of-mindfulness-training-on-different-components-of-impulsivity-in-borderline-personality-disorder-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-study
#15
Joaquim Soler, Matilde Elices, Juan C Pascual, Ana Martín-Blanco, Albert Feliu-Soler, Cristina Carmona, Maria J Portella
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity is considered a core characteristic of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Previous research on the effects of mindfulness training (MT) has shown that it might modify impulsivity-related aspects of BPD. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of MT on various facets of impulsivity in BPD patients. METHODS: Subjects with BPD diagnosis (n = 64) were randomly assigned to 10 weeks of MT (n = 32) or interpersonal effectiveness skills training (IE; n = 32)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26568828/can-t-stand-the-look-in-the-mirror-self-awareness-avoidance-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Dorina Winter, Katrin Koplin, Stefanie Lis
BACKGROUND: Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) expect and perceive social rejection stronger than healthy individuals. Shifting ones attention from oneself to others has been suggested as a mechanism to deal with the experience of social rejection. Here, we investigated whether BPD participants avoid increased self-awareness and whether this is done intentionally. METHODS: Thirty BPD patients and 30 healthy control participants, all naïve of the study's purpose, were asked to choose either a seat facing a mirror (self-awareness) or not facing the mirror (avoidance of self-awareness)...
2015: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401732/erratum-to-intensive-inpatient-treatment-improves-emotion-regulation-capacities-among-adults-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
J Christopher Fowler, Jon G Allen, John M Hart, Hannah Szlyk, Thomas E Ellis, B Christopher Frueh, John M Oldham
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/2051-6673-1-19.].
2015: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401314/personality-disorders-and-violence-what-is-the-link
#18
REVIEW
Richard Howard
Despite a well-documented association between personality disorders (PDs) and violence, the relationship between them is complicated by the high comorbidity of mental disorders, the heterogeneity of violence (particularly in regard to its motivation), and differing views regarding the way PDs are conceptualised and measured. In particular, it remains unclear whether there is a causal relationship between PDs and violence, and what the psychological mechanisms might be that mediate such a relationship. Here, a perspective on PD and violence is offered that views the relationship between them through the lenses of the Five Factor Model of personality and a quadripartite typology of violence...
2015: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401313/the-comorbidity-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-revisiting-the-prevalence-and-associations-in-a-general-population-sample
#19
Emily M Scheiderer, Phillip K Wood, Timothy J Trull
BACKGROUND: The comorbidity of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is frequent, yet not well understood. The influence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in the development of this comorbidity has been a focus of prior clinical studies, but empirical evidence to generalize this focus to the broader population is lacking. Primary aims of the present study included evaluation of: (a) the association of this comorbidity with decrements in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and (b) the importance of CSA as a predictive factor for this comorbidity in a general population sample...
2015: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401312/emotion-recognition-in-borderline-personality-disorder-effects-of-emotional-information-on-negative-bias
#20
Sabrina Fenske, Stefanie Lis, Lisa Liebke, Inga Niedtfeld, Peter Kirsch, Daniela Mier
BACKGROUND: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by severe deficits in social interactions, which might be linked to deficits in emotion recognition. Research on emotion recognition abilities in BPD revealed heterogeneous results, ranging from deficits to heightened sensitivity. The most stable findings point to an impairment in the evaluation of neutral facial expressions as neutral, as well as to a negative bias in emotion recognition; that is the tendency to attribute negative emotions to neutral expressions, or in a broader sense to report a more negative emotion category than depicted...
2015: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
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