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Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588894/aetiological-pathways-to-borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-in-early-adolescence-childhood-dysregulated-behaviour-maladaptive-parenting-and-bully-victimisation
#1
Catherine Winsper, James Hall, Vicky Y Strauss, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Developmental theories for the aetiology of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suggest that both individual features (e.g., childhood dysregulated behaviour) and negative environmental experiences (e.g., maladaptive parenting, peer victimisation) may lead to the development of BPD symptoms during adolescence. Few prospective studies have examined potential aetiological pathways involving these two factors. METHOD: We addressed this gap in the literature using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533905/affect-in-response-to-stressors-and-coping-strategies-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Sadia R Chaudhury, Hanga Galfalvy, Emily Biggs, Tse-Hwei Choo, J John Mann, Barbara Stanley
BACKGROUND: Affect instability is a core symptom of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Ecological momentary assessment allows for an understanding of real-time changes in affect in response to various daily stressors. The purpose of this study was to explore changes in affect in response to specific stressors and coping strategies in subjects with BPD utilizing ecological momentary assessment (EMA) methodology. METHODS: Subjects (n = 50) with BPD were asked to complete real-time assessments about stressors experienced, affect felt, and coping strategies employed six times per day for a 1-week period...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484600/health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychopathological-distress-in-risk-taking-and-self-harming-adolescents-with-full-syndrome-subthreshold-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder-rethinking-the-clinical-cut-off
#3
Michael Kaess, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Julian Koenig
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic standards do not acknowledge developmental specifics and differences in the clinical presentation of adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). BPD is associated with severe impairments in health related quality of life (HRQoL) and increased psychopathological distress. Previously no study addressed differences in HRQoL and psychopathology in adolescents with subthreshold and full-syndrome BPD as well as adolescents at-risk for the development but no current BPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413687/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-1-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-limitation-of-resilience
#4
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405338/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-2-borderline-personality-disorder-epistemic-trust-and-the-developmental-significance-of-social-communication
#5
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
In Part 1 of this paper, we discussed emerging evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or 'p' factor underlying the various forms of psychopathology should be conceptualized in terms of the absence of resilience, that is, the absence of positive reappraisal mechanisms when faced with adversity. These impairments in the capacity for positive reappraisal seem to provide a comprehensive explanation for the association between the p factor and comorbidity, future caseness, and the 'hard-to-reach' character of many patients with severe personality pathology, most notably borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352470/evaluation-of-a-psychoeducational-group-intervention-for-family-and-friends-of-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Jessie Pearce, Martina Jovev, Carol Hulbert, Ben McKechnie, Louise McCutcheon, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
BACKGROUND: Despite high levels of burden and distress among families with a member who has borderline personality disorder (BPD), only two BPD specific family psychoeducation groups have been empirically evaluated. Neither of these is designed specifically for the family and friends of young people who are presenting early in the course of BPD. This study aimed to evaluate Making Sense of Borderline Personality Disorder (MS-BPD), a three-session, developmentally tailored, manualised psychoeducational group for the family and friends of youth with BPD features...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331620/anger-and-aggression-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-does-stress-matter
#7
Sylvia Cackowski, Annegret Krause-Utz, Julia Van Eijk, Katrin Klohr, Stephanie Daffner, Esther Sobanski, Gabriele Ende
BACKGROUND: The impact of stress on anger and aggression in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has not been thoroughly investigated. The goal of this study was to investigate different aspects of anger and aggression in patients with these disorders. METHODS: Twenty-nine unmedicated female BPD patients, 28 ADHD patients and 30 healthy controls (HC) completed self-reports measuring trait anger, aggression and emotion regulation capacities...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228967/self-reported-patterns-of-impairments-in-mentalization-attachment-and-psychopathology-among-clinically-referred-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-pathology
#8
Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev
BACKGROUND: Previous research, which primarily focused on adult samples, suggests that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display high levels of psychopathology, dysfunctional mentalization and problematic attachment to others. The current study investigated whether impairments in mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology are more severe in outpatient adolescents with BPD than in a clinical comparison group. METHODS: Consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were clinically assessed with a battery of self-report instruments to assess mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191317/intersect-between-self-esteem-and-emotion-regulation-in-narcissistic-personality-disorder-implications-for-alliance-building-and-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Elsa Ronningstam
Building an alliance with patients with pathological narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder, NPD, can be challenging and include avoidance, negative reactivity and disruptions. A main contributing factor can be the complex interaction between emotion and self-esteem regulation, which affects patients' ability to engage in a therapeutic alliance and treatment. Recent studies, especially in neuroscience have identified functional characteristic and compromises in self-esteem and emotion regulation related to NPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138388/mental-illness-and-violent-behavior-the-role-of-dissociation
#10
Aliya R Webermann, Bethany L Brand
BACKGROUND: The role of mental illness in violent crime is elusive, and there are harmful stereotypes that mentally ill people are frequently violent criminals. Studies find greater psychopathology among violent offenders, especially convicted homicide offenders, and higher rates of violence perpetration and victimization among those with mental illness. Emotion dysregulation may be one way in which mental illness contributes to violent and/or criminal behavior. Although there are many stereotyped portrayals of individuals with dissociative disorders (DDs) being violent, the link between DDs and crime is rarely researched...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078089/the-specificity-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-comparison-with-psychiatric-and-healthy-controls
#11
Marina Ibraheim, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Research has supported the notion that emotion dysregulation is a core feature of BPD. However, given that this feature is typical of healthy adolescents as well as adolescents with other psychiatric disorders, the specificity of emotion dysregulation to BPD in this age group has not yet been determined. The overall aim of this study was to examine emotion dysregulation in adolescent inpatients with BPD compared with non-BPD inpatient adolescents and healthy non-clinical adolescents, taking into account both global emotion dysregulation deficits and more specific impairments...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999677/affective-instability-and-impulsivity-predict-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-the-general-population-a-longitudinal-analysis
#12
Evyn M Peters, Marilyn Baetz, Steven Marwaha, Lloyd Balbuena, Rudy Bowen
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity and affective instability are related traits known to be associated with nonsuicidal self-injury, although few longitudinal studies have examined this relationship. The purpose of this study was to determine if impulsivity and affective instability predict future nonsuicidal self-injury in the general population while accounting for the overlap between these traits. METHODS: Logistic regression analyses were conducted on data from 2344 participants who completed an 18-month follow-up of the 2000 British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980787/-there-is-not-much-help-for-mothers-like-me-parenting-skills-for-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-newly-developed-group-training-program
#13
Babette Renneberg, Charlotte Rosenbach
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional relationships and emotion dysregulation are hallmark features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Women with BPD are, therefore, particularly challenged when raising a child. A group training program was developed for mothers with BPD to enhance their parenting skills and help them raise their children. The program is based on cognitive-behavioral principles and skills derived from Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). METHODS: N = 15 mothers with BPD who had young children (aged 0-6 years) participated in a 12-week training program...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895922/commentary-to-nicastro-et-al-2016-borderline-personality-disorder-and-emotion-dysregulation
#14
EDITORIAL
Nader Perroud, Ueli Kramer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777779/a-systematic-review-on-the-relationship-between-antisocial-borderline-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnostic-traits-and-risk-of-violence-to-others-in-a-clinical-and-forensic-sample
#15
REVIEW
Joe Lowenstein, Charlotte Purvis, Katie Rose
Risk assessments identify the presence of a Personality Disorder diagnosis as relevant to future violence. At present, risk assessments focus on the presence of the disorder rather than identifying key traits related to risk. Systematic searches of three databases were conducted from January 2000 until August 2014. Of 92,143, 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. A lack of empirical research was found focusing on individual traits; instead most considered PD diagnosis as a sole entity. A preliminary model has been developed detailing the link between potential interactions of diagnostic traits and risk of violence...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761262/women-with-exposure-to-childhood-interpersonal-violence-without-psychiatric-diagnoses-show-no-signs-of-impairment-in-general-functioning-quality-of-life-and-sexuality
#16
Sophie Rausch, Julia Herzog, Janine Thome, Petra Ludäscher, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Regina Steil, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Childhood interpersonal violence is a major risk factor for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), other axis-I disorders or Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Individuals with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical abuse (CPA) who meet the criteria of any axis-I disorder usually also exhibit general psychopathologic symptoms and impairments in quality of life and sexuality. The present study investigates whether women with a history of potentially traumatic CSA/CPA without any axis-I disorder or BPD show subthreshold symptoms of PTSD-specific and general psychopathology and impairments in global functioning, quality of life, and sexuality...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761261/experiences-of-women-in-secure-care-who-have-been-prescribed-clozapine-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Geoffrey L Dickens, Catherine Frogley, Fiona Mason, Katina Anagnostakis, Marco M Picchioni
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is an atypical antipsychotic medicine which can cause significant side-effects. It is often prescribed off-license in severe cases of borderline personality disorder contrary to national treatment guidelines. Little is known about the experiences of those who take clozapine for borderline personality disorder. We explored the lived-experience of women in secure inpatient care who were prescribed clozapine for borderline personality disorder. FINDINGS: Adult females (N = 20) participated in audio-taped semi-structured interviews...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713819/attention-to-emotional-stimuli-in-borderline-personality-disorder%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-review-of-the-influence-of-dissociation-self-reference-and-psychotherapeutic-interventions
#18
REVIEW
Dorina Winter
Interactions between attention and processing of emotional stimuli shed light on both sensitivity to emotional stimuli as well as emotion dysregulation. Both of the latter processes have been proposed as central characteristics of altered emotion processing in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD). This review first summarizes the conflicting behavioural, psychophysiological and neuroimaging evidence for the hypothesis that emotional dysregulation should be reflected by higher distractibility through emotional stimuli in those with BPD...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617096/a-new-intervention-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-are-also-parents-a-pilot-study-of-clinician-acceptability
#19
Kye L McCarthy, Kate L Lewis, Marianne E Bourke, Brin F S Grenyer
BACKGROUND: Engaging parents who have a personality disorder in interventions designed to protect children from the extremes of the disorder supports both parenting skills and healthy child development. In line with evidence-based guidelines, a 'Parenting with Personality Disorder' brief intervention was developed, focusing on child safety, effective communication and parenting strategies. METHOD: Ratings of acceptability for the brief intervention model were given by 168 mental health clinicians who attended training...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588205/predicting-dropout-in-outpatient-dialectical-behavior-therapy-with-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-receiving-psychiatric-disability
#20
Sara J Landes, Samantha A Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
BACKGROUND: Rates of treatment dropout in outpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) in the community can be as high as 24 % to 58 %, making dropout a great concern. The primary purpose of this article was to examine predictors of dropout from DBT in a community mental health setting. METHODS: Participants were 56 consumers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were psychiatrically disabled participating in a larger feasibility trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy- Accepting the Challenges of Exiting the System...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
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