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Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331620/anger-and-aggression-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-does-stress-matter
#1
Sylvia Cackowski, Annegret Krause-Utz, Julia Van Eijk, Katrin Klohr, Stephanie Daffner, Esther Sobanski, Gabriele Ende
BACKGROUND: The impact of stress on anger and aggression in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has not been thoroughly investigated. The goal of this study was to investigate different aspects of anger and aggression in patients with these disorders. METHODS: Twenty-nine unmedicated female BPD patients, 28 ADHD patients and 30 healthy controls (HC) completed self-reports measuring trait anger, aggression and emotion regulation capacities...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228967/self-reported-patterns-of-impairments-in-mentalization-attachment-and-psychopathology-among-clinically-referred-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-pathology
#2
Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev
BACKGROUND: Previous research, which primarily focused on adult samples, suggests that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display high levels of psychopathology, dysfunctional mentalization and problematic attachment to others. The current study investigated whether impairments in mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology are more severe in outpatient adolescents with BPD than in a clinical comparison group. METHODS: Consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were clinically assessed with a battery of self-report instruments to assess mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191317/intersect-between-self-esteem-and-emotion-regulation-in-narcissistic-personality-disorder-implications-for-alliance-building-and-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Elsa Ronningstam
Building an alliance with patients with pathological narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder, NPD, can be challenging and include avoidance, negative reactivity and disruptions. A main contributing factor can be the complex interaction between emotion and self-esteem regulation, which affects patients' ability to engage in a therapeutic alliance and treatment. Recent studies, especially in neuroscience have identified functional characteristic and compromises in self-esteem and emotion regulation related to NPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138388/mental-illness-and-violent-behavior-the-role-of-dissociation
#4
Aliya R Webermann, Bethany L Brand
BACKGROUND: The role of mental illness in violent crime is elusive, and there are harmful stereotypes that mentally ill people are frequently violent criminals. Studies find greater psychopathology among violent offenders, especially convicted homicide offenders, and higher rates of violence perpetration and victimization among those with mental illness. Emotion dysregulation may be one way in which mental illness contributes to violent and/or criminal behavior. Although there are many stereotyped portrayals of individuals with dissociative disorders (DDs) being violent, the link between DDs and crime is rarely researched...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078089/the-specificity-of-emotion-dysregulation-in-adolescents-with-borderline-personality-disorder-comparison-with-psychiatric-and-healthy-controls
#5
Marina Ibraheim, Allison Kalpakci, Carla Sharp
BACKGROUND: Research has supported the notion that emotion dysregulation is a core feature of BPD. However, given that this feature is typical of healthy adolescents as well as adolescents with other psychiatric disorders, the specificity of emotion dysregulation to BPD in this age group has not yet been determined. The overall aim of this study was to examine emotion dysregulation in adolescent inpatients with BPD compared with non-BPD inpatient adolescents and healthy non-clinical adolescents, taking into account both global emotion dysregulation deficits and more specific impairments...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999677/affective-instability-and-impulsivity-predict-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-the-general-population-a-longitudinal-analysis
#6
Evyn M Peters, Marilyn Baetz, Steven Marwaha, Lloyd Balbuena, Rudy Bowen
BACKGROUND: Impulsivity and affective instability are related traits known to be associated with nonsuicidal self-injury, although few longitudinal studies have examined this relationship. The purpose of this study was to determine if impulsivity and affective instability predict future nonsuicidal self-injury in the general population while accounting for the overlap between these traits. METHODS: Logistic regression analyses were conducted on data from 2344 participants who completed an 18-month follow-up of the 2000 British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980787/-there-is-not-much-help-for-mothers-like-me-parenting-skills-for-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-newly-developed-group-training-program
#7
Babette Renneberg, Charlotte Rosenbach
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional relationships and emotion dysregulation are hallmark features of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Women with BPD are, therefore, particularly challenged when raising a child. A group training program was developed for mothers with BPD to enhance their parenting skills and help them raise their children. The program is based on cognitive-behavioral principles and skills derived from Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). METHODS: N = 15 mothers with BPD who had young children (aged 0-6 years) participated in a 12-week training program...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895922/commentary-to-nicastro-et-al-2016-borderline-personality-disorder-and-emotion-dysregulation
#8
EDITORIAL
Nader Perroud, Ueli Kramer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777779/a-systematic-review-on-the-relationship-between-antisocial-borderline-and-narcissistic-personality-disorder-diagnostic-traits-and-risk-of-violence-to-others-in-a-clinical-and-forensic-sample
#9
REVIEW
Joe Lowenstein, Charlotte Purvis, Katie Rose
Risk assessments identify the presence of a Personality Disorder diagnosis as relevant to future violence. At present, risk assessments focus on the presence of the disorder rather than identifying key traits related to risk. Systematic searches of three databases were conducted from January 2000 until August 2014. Of 92,143, 15 studies met the inclusion criteria. A lack of empirical research was found focusing on individual traits; instead most considered PD diagnosis as a sole entity. A preliminary model has been developed detailing the link between potential interactions of diagnostic traits and risk of violence...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761262/women-with-exposure-to-childhood-interpersonal-violence-without-psychiatric-diagnoses-show-no-signs-of-impairment-in-general-functioning-quality-of-life-and-sexuality
#10
Sophie Rausch, Julia Herzog, Janine Thome, Petra Ludäscher, Meike Müller-Engelmann, Regina Steil, Kathlen Priebe, Thomas Fydrich, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Childhood interpersonal violence is a major risk factor for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), other axis-I disorders or Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). Individuals with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and childhood physical abuse (CPA) who meet the criteria of any axis-I disorder usually also exhibit general psychopathologic symptoms and impairments in quality of life and sexuality. The present study investigates whether women with a history of potentially traumatic CSA/CPA without any axis-I disorder or BPD show subthreshold symptoms of PTSD-specific and general psychopathology and impairments in global functioning, quality of life, and sexuality...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761261/experiences-of-women-in-secure-care-who-have-been-prescribed-clozapine-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Geoffrey L Dickens, Catherine Frogley, Fiona Mason, Katina Anagnostakis, Marco M Picchioni
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is an atypical antipsychotic medicine which can cause significant side-effects. It is often prescribed off-license in severe cases of borderline personality disorder contrary to national treatment guidelines. Little is known about the experiences of those who take clozapine for borderline personality disorder. We explored the lived-experience of women in secure inpatient care who were prescribed clozapine for borderline personality disorder. FINDINGS: Adult females (N = 20) participated in audio-taped semi-structured interviews...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713819/attention-to-emotional-stimuli-in-borderline-personality-disorder%C3%A2-%C3%A2-a-review-of-the-influence-of-dissociation-self-reference-and-psychotherapeutic-interventions
#12
REVIEW
Dorina Winter
Interactions between attention and processing of emotional stimuli shed light on both sensitivity to emotional stimuli as well as emotion dysregulation. Both of the latter processes have been proposed as central characteristics of altered emotion processing in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD). This review first summarizes the conflicting behavioural, psychophysiological and neuroimaging evidence for the hypothesis that emotional dysregulation should be reflected by higher distractibility through emotional stimuli in those with BPD...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617096/a-new-intervention-for-people-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-are-also-parents-a-pilot-study-of-clinician-acceptability
#13
Kye L McCarthy, Kate L Lewis, Marianne E Bourke, Brin F S Grenyer
BACKGROUND: Engaging parents who have a personality disorder in interventions designed to protect children from the extremes of the disorder supports both parenting skills and healthy child development. In line with evidence-based guidelines, a 'Parenting with Personality Disorder' brief intervention was developed, focusing on child safety, effective communication and parenting strategies. METHOD: Ratings of acceptability for the brief intervention model were given by 168 mental health clinicians who attended training...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588205/predicting-dropout-in-outpatient-dialectical-behavior-therapy-with-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-receiving-psychiatric-disability
#14
Sara J Landes, Samantha A Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
BACKGROUND: Rates of treatment dropout in outpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) in the community can be as high as 24 % to 58 %, making dropout a great concern. The primary purpose of this article was to examine predictors of dropout from DBT in a community mental health setting. METHODS: Participants were 56 consumers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were psychiatrically disabled participating in a larger feasibility trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy- Accepting the Challenges of Exiting the System...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529025/exploration-of-emotion-regulation-experiences-associated-with-borderline-personality-features-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#15
Carly M Porter, Carol A Ireland, Kathryn J Gardner, Mike Eslea
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is a core feature associated with borderline personality features (BPF). Little research has explored how individuals with high levels of BPF regulate their emotions. This study aimed to explore how individuals with high versus low levels of BPF compare on the strategies they use to regulate emotions and in their experiences of emotion regulation. METHODS: Twenty-nine university students were recruited and assessed for the presence of BPF using self-report questionnaires...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27482383/the-impact-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-on-the-symptomatology-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Sylvia Cackowski, Tamar Neubauer, Nikolaus Kleindienst
BACKGROUND: Previous findings on the impact of co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) have revealed inconsistencies, which may have been related to small sample sizes or differences in the presence of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). In this study, the potentially aggravating impact of PTSD and the role of CSA were examined in a large cohort of BPD patients. METHODS: BPD patients with current PTSD (n = 142) were compared to BPD patients without PTSD (n = 225) regarding different BPD features such as non-suicidal self-injury...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446589/dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-use-and-emotion-dysregulation-in-personality-disorders-and-psychopathy-a-community-self-report-study
#17
Andrada D Neacsiu, Mathew A Tkachuck
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is a critical transdiagnostic mental health problem that needs to be further examined in personality disorders (PDs). The current study examined dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills use, emotion dysregulation, and dysfunctional coping among adults who endorsed symptoms of cluster B PDs and psychopathy. We hypothesized that skills taught in DBT and emotion dysregulation are useful for adults with PDs other than borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386138/analyzing-subcomponents-of-affective-dysregulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-in-comparison-to-other-clinical-groups-using-multiple-e-diary-datasets
#18
P S Santangelo, M F Limberger, C Stiglmayr, M Houben, J Coosemans, G Verleysen, P Kuppens, F Tuerlinckx, W Vanpaemel, U W Ebner-Priemer
BACKGROUND: Affective dysregulation is widely regarded as being the core problem in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Moreover, BPD is the disorder mainly associated with affective dysregulation. However, the empirical confirmation of the specificity of affective dysregulation for BPD is still pending. We used a validated approach from basic affective science that allows for simultaneously analyzing three interdependent components of affective dysregulation that are disturbed in patients with BPD: homebase, variability, and attractor strength (return to baseline)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293768/psychometric-properties-of-the-french-borderline-symptom-list-short-form-bsl-23
#19
Rosetta Nicastro, Paco Prada, Anne-Lise Kung, Virginie Salamin, Alexandre Dayer, Jean-Michel Aubry, Florence Guenot, Nader Perroud
BACKGROUND: The short form of the Borderline Symptom List (BSL-23) is a self-rating instrument used to assess specific symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The original German version has shown good psychometric proprieties. The BSL-23 can also be used to measure the effects of therapy on patients with BPD. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the French version of the BSL-23. METHODS: The French version of the BSL-23 was given to 265 subjects with BPD...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252857/difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-in-patients-with-eating-disorders
#20
Catherine Ruscitti, Katrina Rufino, Natalie Goodwin, Rebecca Wagner
BACKGROUND: A defining characteristic of eating disorders (EDs) is difficulty with emotion regulation (ER). Previous research indicates that ED subtypes demonstrate differing ER difficulties. Specifically, individuals with Anorexia Nervosa (AN) or Bulimia Nervosa (BN) show greater impairment in their ability to regulate emotions in areas such as achieving goals while upset, reacting impulsively to distress, and effectively using coping strategies, as compared to those with Binge Eating Disorder (BED)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
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