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Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323865/building-capacity-through-urban-agriculture-report-on-the-ask%C3%A3-y-project
#1
Wanda Martin, Lindsey Vold
INTRODUCTION: Many North American cities have a built environment that provides access to energy-dense food and little opportunity for active living. Urban agriculture contributes to a positive environment involving food plant cultivation that includes processing, storing, distributing and composting. It is a means to increase local food production and thereby improve community health. The purpose of this study was to understand how participating in urban agriculture can help to empower young adults and build capacity for growing food in the city...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323864/status-report-foodreach-toronto-lowering-food-costs-for-social-agencies-and-community-groups
#2
Paul Coleman, John Gultig, Barbara Emanuel, Marianne Gee, Heather Orpana
Toronto has the largest absolute number of food insecure households for any metropolitan census area in Canada: of its 2.1 million households, roughly 252 000 households (or 12%) experience some level of food insecurity. Community organizations (including social agencies, school programs, and child care centres) serve millions of meals per year to the city's most vulnerable citizens, but often face challenges accessing fresh produce at affordable prices. Therefore in 2015, Toronto Public Health, in collaboration with public- and private-sector partners, launched the FoodReach program to improve the efficiency of food procurement among community organizations by consolidating their purchasing power...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323863/at-a-glance-a-tough-sell-findings-from-a-qualitative-analysis-on-the-provision-of-healthy-foods-in-recreation-and-sports-settings
#3
Jessie-Lee D McIsaac, Sherry L Jarvis, Rebecca Spencer, Sara Fl Kirk
Recreation and sport settings (RSS) typically promote health in the form of physical activity, but the healthfulness of their food environment is often neglected. We explored stakeholder perspectives on barriers to healthy food provision in RSS through telephone interviews with ten representatives from RSS across Nova Scotia. Three key barriers were identified: 1) cultural norms associated with food in RSS and the broader environment, 2) the persisting notion of personal choice and responsibility, and 3) financial implications of healthy food provision...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323862/healthy-food-procurement-and-nutrition-standards-in-public-facilities-evidence-synthesis-and-consensus-policy-recommendations
#4
Kim D Raine, Kayla Atkey, Dana Lee Olstad, Alexa R Ferdinands, Dominique Beaulieu, Susan Buhler, Norm Campbell, Brian Cook, Mary L'Abbé, Ashley Lederer, David Mowat, Joshna Maharaj, Candace Nykiforuk, Jacob Shelley, Jacqueline Street
INTRODUCTION: Unhealthy foods are widely available in public settings across Canada, contributing to diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity. This is a concern given that public facilities often provide a significant amount of food for consumption by vulnerable groups, including children and seniors. Healthy food procurement policies, which support procuring, distributing, selling, and/or serving healthier foods, have recently emerged as a promising strategy to counter this public health issue by increasing access to healthier foods...
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323861/commentary-what-about-the-mouth-connecting-oral-health-and-food-environments
#5
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323860/editorial-seeking-a-new-normal-in-the-canadian-food-environment
#6
EDITORIAL
Lana Vanderlee, Erin P Hobin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236379/alcohol-consumption-and-low-risk-drinking-guidelines-among-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-alberta-s-tomorrow-project
#7
Darren R Brenner, Tiffany R Haig, Abbey E Poirier, Alianu Akawung, Christine M Friedenreich, Paula J Robson
INTRODUCTION: Moderate to heavy alcohol consumption is a risk factor for all-cause mortality and cancer incidence. Although cross-sectional data are available through national surveys, data on alcohol consumption in Alberta from a large prospective cohort were not previously available. The goal of these analyses was to characterize the levels of alcohol consumption among adults from the Alberta's Tomorrow Project in the context of cancer prevention guidelines. Furthermore, we conducted analyses to examine the relationships between alcohol consumption and other high-risk or risk-related behaviours...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236378/urinary-bisphenol-a-and-obesity-in-adults-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#8
Minh T Do, Vicky C Chang, Michelle A Mendez, Margaret de Groh
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) has been shown to affect lipid metabolism and promote weight gain in animal studies. Recent epidemiological studies also support a link between BPA and obesity in human populations, although many were limited to a single adiposity measure or have not considered potential confounding by dietary factors. The purpose of this study is to examine associations between urinary BPA and adiposity measures in a nationally representative sample of Canadian adults...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236377/xpey-relational-environments-an-analytic-framework-for-conceptualizing-indigenous-health-equity
#9
Alexandra Kent, Charlotte Loppie, Jeannine Carriere, Marjorie MacDonald, Bernie Pauly
INTRODUCTION: Both health equity research and Indigenous health research are driven by the goal of promoting equitable health outcomes among marginalized and underserved populations. However, the two fields often operate independently, without collaboration. As a result, Indigenous populations are underrepresented in health equity research relative to the disproportionate burden of health inequities they experience. In this methodological article, we present Xpey' Relational Environments, an analytic framework that maps some of the barriers and facilitators to health equity for Indigenous peoples...
December 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119777/release-notice-cancer-in-young-people-in-canada-a-report-from-the-enhanced-childhood-cancer-surveillance-system
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119776/between-worst-and-best-developing-criteria-to-identify-promising-practices-in-health-promotion-and-disease-prevention-for-the-canadian-best-practices-portal
#11
Nadia Fazal, Suzanne F Jackson, Katy Wong, Jennifer Yessis, Nina Jetha
INTRODUCTION: In health promotion and chronic disease prevention, both best and promising practices can provide critical insights into what works for enhancing the healthrelated outcomes of individuals and communities, and how/why these practices work in different situations and contexts. METHODS: The promising practices criteria were developed using the Public Health Agency of Canada's (PHAC's) existing best practices criteria as the foundation. They were modified and pilot tested (three rounds) using published interventions...
November 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119775/binge-drinking-and-academic-performance-engagement-aspirations-and-expectations-a-longitudinal-analysis-among-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#12
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: The longitudinal relationship between binge drinking and academic engagement, performance, and future aspirations and expectations was examined among a cohort of secondary school students. METHODS: In separate multinomial generalized estimating equations models, linked data from Year 1 (Y1: 2012-2013), Year 2 (Y2: 2013-2014), and Year 3 (Y3: 2014-2015) of the COMPASS study (N = 27 112) were used to test the relative likelihood of responses to seven academic indices when binge drinking was initiated in varying frequencies, adjusting for gender, grade, race/ethnicity, tobacco use, and the individual mean of the predictor and all time-varying covariates...
November 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119774/adherence-to-the-24-hour-movement-guidelines-among-10-to-17-year-old-canadians
#13
Ian Janssen, Karen C Roberts, Wendy Thompson
INTRODUCTION: The Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth were released in 2016. They contain specific recommendations on the daily time that 5- to 17-year-olds should devote to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, recreational screen time, and sleep. The objective of this study was to estimate the proportion of Canadians aged 10 to 17 years that meet the recommendations contained within the 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 22 115 young people was examined...
November 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043764/at-a-glance-sentinel-surveillance-of-emergency-department-presentations-for-barbecue-brush-related-injuries-the-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2011-to-2017
#14
Deepa P Rao, Minh T Do, Jennifer Crain, Steven McFaull, Rebecca Stranberg, Teresa Mersereau, Wendy Thompson
A barbecue (BBQ) brush is a common household item designed for cleaning grills used for barbecuing. Data from the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program database were analysed to estimate the frequency of injuries related to BBQ brushes as a proportion of all injuries, as well as to describe characteristics associated with such injury events. Between April 1, 2011 and July 17, 2017, BBQ brush injuries were observed at a frequency of 1.5 cases per 100 000 eCHIRPP cases (N = 12)...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043763/status-report-geographic-retail-food-environment-measures-for-use-in-public-health
#15
Ahalya Mahendra, Jane Y Polsky, Éric Robitaille, Marc Lefebvre, Tina McBrien, Leia M Minaker
The Association of Public Health Epidemiologists in Ontario (APHEO) Core Indicators Work Group standardizes definitions and calculation methods for over 120 public health indicators to enhance accurate and standardized community health status reporting across public health units in Ontario. The Built Environment Subgroup is a multi-disciplinary group made up of planners, researchers, policy analysts, registered dietitians, geographic information systems (GIS) analysts and epidemiologists. The Subgroup selected and operationalized a suite of objective, standardized indicators intended to help public health units and regional health authorities assess their community retail food environments...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043762/food-deserts-in-winnipeg-canada-a-novel-method-for-measuring-a-complex-and-contested-construct
#16
Joyce Slater, Stefan Epp-Koop, Megan Jakilazek, Chris Green
INTRODUCTION: "Food deserts" have emerged over the past 20 years as spaces of concern for communities, public health authorities and researchers because of their potential negative impact on dietary quality and subsequent health outcomes. Food deserts are residential geographic spaces, typically in urban settings, where low-income residents have limited or no access to retail food establishments with sufficient variety at affordable cost. Research on food deserts presents methodological challenges including retail food store identification and classification, identification of low-income populations, and transportation and proximity metrics...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043761/exploring-sales-data-during-a-healthy-corner-store-intervention-in-toronto-the-food-retail-environments-shaping-health-fresh-project
#17
Leia M Minaker, Meghan Lynch, Brian E Cook, Catherine L Mah
INTRODUCTION: Population health interventions in the retail food environment, such as corner store interventions, aim to influence the kind of cues consumers receive so that they are more often directed toward healthier options. Research that addresses financial aspects of retail interventions, particularly using outcome measures such as store sales that are central to retail decision making, is limited. This study explored store sales over time and across product categories during a healthy corner store intervention in a lowincome neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043760/retail-food-environments-shopping-experiences-first-nations-and-the-provincial-norths
#18
Kristin Burnett, Kelly Skinner, Travis Hay, Joseph LeBlanc, Lori Chambers
INTRODUCTION: This paper looks at the market food environments of First Nations communities located in the provincial Norths by examining the potential retail competition faced by the North West Company (NWC) and by reporting on the grocery shopping experiences of people living in northern Canada. METHODS: We employed two methodological approaches to assess northern retail food environments. First, we mapped food retailers in the North to examine the breadth of retail competition in the provincial Norths, focussing specifically on those communities without year-round road access...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043759/-highly-processed-highly-packaged-very-unhealthy-but-they-are-low-risk-exploring-intersections-between-community-food-security-and-food-safety
#19
Kelsey A Speed, Samantha B Meyer, Rhona M Hanning, Shannon E Majowicz
INTRODUCTION: Food insecurity and foodborne disease are important issues in Canada, and the public health actions taken to address them can be conceptualized as factors shaping the food environment. Given emerging evidence that these two areas may interrelate, the objective of this study was to explore ways in which community food security efforts and food safety practices (and the population health issues they aim to address) may intersect in British Columbia, Canada, and interpret what this might mean for conceptualizing and attaining healthier food environments...
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043758/commentary-food-environment-and-vulnerable-populations-challenges-and-opportunities-for-policy
#20
EDITORIAL
Lana Vanderlee, Dana Lee Olstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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