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Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102995/letter-to-the-editor-who-benefits-from-the-professionalization-of-health-promotion
#1
LETTER
J R Graham
In 2007, Health Promotion Ontario (HPO) began working to advance the "profession" of health promotion (HP) in Canada through development of national competencies for health promoters. Their work was continued by the Pan-Canadian Network for Health Promoter Competencies ("the Network"). Funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada, the Network aimed to address (1) the recommendation made by the Canadian Joint Task Group on Public Health Human Resources for function specific competencies (including "HP Specialists"); and (2) the marginalization health promoters face in practice...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102994/at-a-glance-emergency-department-surveillance-of-thermal-burns-and-scalds-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2013
#2
J Crain, S McFaull, D P Rao, M T Do, W Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Although fatality and hospitalization rates for burns in Canada have declined over time, less serious cases still commonly present to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is an injury and poisoning surveillance system administered by the Public Health Agency of Canada, operating in emergency departments of 17 hospitals. RESULTS: Overall, cases reported in 2013 were scalds and contact burns from hot objects...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102993/status-report-the-public-health-and-planning-101-project-strengthening-collaborations-between-the-public-health-and-planning-professions
#3
A Mahendra, T Vo, C Einstoss, J Weppler, P Gillen, L Ryan, K Haley
INTRODUCTION: Land use planning is a complex field comprised of legislation, policies, processes and tools. A growing body of evidence supports the relationship between land use planning decisions, community design and health. The built environment has been shown to be associated with physical inactivity, obesity, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and mental illness. Consequently, there is a growing interest within public health to work with planners on land use planning initiatives such as official plans and transportation master plans...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#4
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977087/emergency-department-presentations-for-hoverboard-related-injuries-the-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2015-to-2016
#5
M T Do, S McFaull, J Cheesman, T Mersereau, D P Rao, J Crain, W Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977086/report-summary-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-canada-2016
#6
L McRae, S O'Donnell, L Loukine, N Rancourt, C Pelletier
Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Canada, 2016 is the first publication to include administrative health data from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) for the national surveillance of mood and anxiety disorders among Canadians aged one year and older. It features nationally complete CCDSS data up to fiscal year 2009/10, as well as trend data spanning over a decade (1996/97 to 2009/10). The data presented in this report, and subsequent updates, can be accessed via the Public Health Agency of Canada's Chronic Disease Infobase Data Cubes at www...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977085/correlates-of-well-being-among-canadians-with-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders
#7
H Orpana, J Vachon, C Pearson, K Elliott, M Smith, B Branchard
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to examine variables associated with well-being as measured by high self-rated mental health (SRMH) and life satisfaction (LS), among Canadian adults (aged 18+) living with a mood and/or an anxiety disorder. METHODS: We used nationally representative data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component (SLCDC-MA) to describe the association between well-being and self-management behaviours (physical activity, sleep and meditation) as well as perceived stress, coping and social support...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977084/health-status-activity-limitations-work-related-restrictions-and-level-of-disability-among-canadians-with-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders
#8
L Loukine, S O'Donnell, E M Goldner, L McRae, H Allen
INTRODUCTION: This study provides the first overview of the perceived general and mental health, activity limitations, work-related restrictions and level of disability, as well as factors associated with disability severity, among Canadian adults with mood and/or anxiety disorders, using a population-based household sample. METHODS: We used data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada- Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component. The sample consists of Canadians aged 18 years and older with self-reported mood and/or anxiety disorders from the 10 provinces (n = 3361; response rate 68...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977083/the-2014-survey-on-living-with-chronic-diseases-in-canada-on-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-methodological-overview
#9
S O'Donnell, R Cheung, K Bennett, C Lagacé
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of information about the impact of mood and anxiety disorders on Canadians and the approaches used to manage them. To address this gap, the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component (SLCDC-MA) was developed. The purpose of this paper is to describe the methodology of the 2014 SLCDC-MA and examine the sociodemographic characteristics of the final sample. METHODS: The 2014 SLCDC-MA is a cross-sectional follow-up survey that includes Canadians from the 10 provinces aged 18 years and older with mood and/or anxiety disorders diagnosed by a health professional that are expected to last, or have already lasted, six months or more...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882861/status-report-public-health-2016-time-for-a-cultural-shift-in-the-field-of-public-health
#10
E Rm Mallach, T Ferrao, R MacLean, S Fl Kirk
Public Health 2016, the Canadian Public Health Association's annual conference, was held from June 13 to 16, 2016, in Toronto, Canada, and showcased a wide variety of public health issues that fostered considerable discussion at the conference and on social media. The four plenary sessions, while on seemingly disparate topics including technology, violence prevention, racism and harm reduction, all revealed the need for a cultural shift in the field of public health that acknowledges and addresses the broader inequities that influence the health and well-being of populations...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882860/is-child-sexual-abuse-declining-in-canada-results-from-nationally-representative-retrospective-surveys
#11
M Shields, L Tonmyr, W Hovdestad
INTRODUCTION: Numerous data sources suggest a decline in child sexual abuse (CSA) in the United States since the early 1990s. Some evidence also indicates that an earlier period of higher CSA incidence began following World War II. This study examines prevalence estimates of sexual abuse reported retrospectively as having occurred in childhood (ChSA) in two nationally representative surveys of the Canadian population. METHODS: Data are from 13 931 respondents aged 18 to 76 years from the 2004/2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS), and from 22 169 household residents aged 18 years or older who participated in the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH)...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882859/suicide-and-self-inflicted-injury-hospitalizations-in-canada-1979-to-2014-15
#12
R Skinner, S McFaull, J Draca, M Frechette, J Kaur, C Pearson, W Thompson
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this paper is to describe the trends and patterns of self-inflicted injuries, available from Canadian administrative data between 1979 and 2014/15, in order to inform and improve suicide prevention efforts. METHODS: Suicide mortality and hospital separation data were retrieved from the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) holdings of Statistics Canada's Canadian Vital Statistics: Death Database (CVS:D) (1979 to 2012); Canadian Socio-Economic Information Management System (CANSIM 2011, 2012); the Hospital Morbidity Database (HMDB) (1994/95 to 2010/11); and the Discharge Abstract Database (2011/12 to 2014/15)...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882858/longitudinal-associations-of-parental-and-peer-influences-with-physical-activity-during-adolescence-findings-from-the-compass-study
#13
E Y Lau, G Faulkner, W Qian, S T Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: To examine temporal variations in parental and peer influences on adolescent physical activity (PA) and whether these variations predicted changes in PA. METHODS: We analyzed data from Years 1, 2 and 3 of the COMPASS study. Participants were 22 909 students in Grades 9 to 12 (mean age [years] = 15.42 ± 1.12, 46% boys, 85% White), who had completed the following survey items on 2 or more consecutive occasions: age, sex, grade, race/ethnicity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), parental encouragement and parental instrumental support for PA, and number of active peers...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768560/report-summary-prevalence-and-monetary-costs-of-dementia-in-canada-2016-a-report-by-the-alzheimer-society-of-canada
#14
(no author information available yet)
Dementia prevalence estimates vary among population-based studies, depending on the definitions of dementia, methodologies and data sources and types of costs they use. A common approach is needed to avoid confusion and increase public and stakeholder confidence in the estimates. Since 1994, five major studies have yielded widely differing estimates of dementia prevalence and monetary costs of dementia in Canada. These studies variously estimated the prevalence of dementia for the year 2011 as low as 340 170 and as high as 747 000...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768559/estimating-chronic-disease-rates-in-canada-which-population-wide-denominator-to-use
#15
J Ellison, C Nagamuthu, S Vanderloo, B McRae, C Waters
INTRODUCTION: Chronic disease rates are produced from the Public Health Agency of Canada's Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) using administrative health data from provincial/territorial health ministries. Denominators for these rates are based on estimates of populations derived from health insurance files. However, these data may not be accessible to all researchers. Another source for population size estimates is the Statistics Canada census. The purpose of our study was to calculate the major differences between the CCDSS and Statistics Canada's population denominators and to identify the sources or reasons for the potential differences between these data sources...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768558/developing-indicators-for-evaluation-of-age-friendly-communities-in-canada-process-and-results
#16
H Orpana, M Chawla, E Gallagher, E Escaravage
INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the World Health Organization launched the Global Age-Friendly Cities Project to support active aging. Canada has a large number of age-friendly initiatives; however, little is known about the effectiveness and outcomes of age-friendly community (AFC) initiatives. In addition, stakeholders report that they lack the capacity and tools to develop and conduct evaluations of their AFC initiatives. In order to address these gaps, the Public Health Agency of Canada developed indicators to support the evaluation of AFC initiatives relevant to a wide range of Canadian communities...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768557/describing-the-population-health-burden-of-depression-health-adjusted-life-expectancy-by-depression-status-in-canada
#17
C Steensma, L Loukine, H Orpana, L McRae, J Vachon, F Mo, M Boileau-Falardeau, C Reid, B C Choi
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated the impact of depression in terms of losses to both premature mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) on the overall population. Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) is a summary measure of population health that combines both morbidity and mortality into a single summary statistic that describes the current health status of a population. METHODS: We estimated HALE for the Canadian adult population according to depression status...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670923/correction-health-behaviours-associated-with-indoor-tanning-based-on-the-2012-13-manitoba-youth-health-survey
#18
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/hpcdp-pspmc/36-8/ar-02-eng.php].
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670922/childhood-overweight-and-obesity-trends-in-canada
#19
D P Rao, E Kropac, M T Do, K C Roberts, G C Jayaraman
INTRODUCTION: Excess weight is a key risk factor for chronic disease, and the systematic collection, analysis and reporting of key trends are important to surveillance of overweight and obesity. METHODS: We used univariate analyses to calculate current prevalence estimates of excess weight among Canadian children and youth. RESULTS: Almost 1 in 7 children and youth is obese. Rates vary based on sociodemographic factors such as age, sex, socioeconomic status and place of residence...
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670921/estimating-bias-in-derived-body-mass-index-in-the-maternity-experiences-survey
#20
S Dzakpasu, J Duggan, J Fahey, R S Kirby
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess bias in the body mass index (BMI) measure in the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey (MES) and possible implications of bias on the relationship between BMI and selected pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We assessed BMI classification based on self-reported versus measured values. We used a random sample of 6175 women from the MES, which derived BMI from self-reported height and weight, and a random sample of 259 women who had previously given birth from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS), which derived BMI from self-reported and measured height and weight...
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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