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Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273037/status-report-identifying-equity-focussed-interventions-to-promote-healthy-weights
#1
C James Frankish, Brenda Kwan, Diane E Gray, Andrea Simpson, Nina Jetha
INTRODUCTION: We developed screening criteria to identify population health interventions with an equity focus for inclusion on the Public Health Agency of Canada's Canadian Best Practices Portal. We applied them to the area of "healthy weights," specifically, obesity prevention. METHODS: We conducted a review of the literature and obtained input from expert external reviewers on changes to midstream environments. Interventions had to identify outcomes for groups with an underlying social disadvantage...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273036/status-report-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-in-canada-an-integrative-assessment
#2
Deepa P Rao, Erin Kropac, Minh T Do, Karen C Roberts, Gayatri C Jayaraman
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a complex risk factor for chronic disease that is associated with a number of socioecological determinants. In this status report, we provide an overview of the socioecological framework that is now guiding our ongoing surveillance efforts in the area of childhood overweight and obesity. This framework considers individual risk and protective factors (sociodemographic, lifestyle, psychosocial and early-life) through the lens of the life stage, levels of influence and environments in which these factors play a role...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273035/the-association-of-household-food-security-household-characteristics-and-school-environment-with-obesity-status-among-off-reserve-first-nations-and-m%C3%A3-tis-children-and-youth-in-canada-results-from-the-2012-aboriginal-peoples-survey
#3
Jasmin Bhawra, Martin J Cooke, Yanling Guo, Piotr Wilk
INTRODUCTION: Indigenous children are twice as likely to be classified as obese and three times as likely to experience household food insecurity when compared with non- Indigenous Canadian children. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between food insecurity and weight status among Métis and off-reserve First Nations children and youth across Canada. METHODS: We obtained data on children and youth aged 6 to 17 years (n = 6900) from the 2012 Aboriginal Peoples Survey...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273034/evaluating-compression-or-expansion-of-morbidity-in-canada-trends-in-life-expectancy-and-health-adjusted-life-expectancy-from-1994-to-2010
#4
Colin Steensma, Lidia Loukine, Bernard C Choi
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to investigate whether morbidity in Canada, at the national and provincial levels, is compressing or expanding by tracking trends in life expectancy (LE) and health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) from 1994 to 2010. "Compression" refers to a decrease in the proportion of life spent in an unhealthy state over time. It happens when HALE increases faster than LE. "Expansion" refers to an increase in the proportion of life spent in an unhealthy state that happens when HALE is stable or increases more slowly than LE...
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273033/editorial-reducing-premature-mortality-among-young-and-middle-aged-adults
#5
EDITORIAL
Joel G Ray
The death of an individual in early and middle adulthood is an untimely event whose tragic effects are experienced by the parents, siblings, partners, children and friends of the deceased individual. Preventing premature death is a foremost goal of health care and public health programs, and of society at large.
March 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273041/the-burden-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-canada
#6
Louise Pelletier, Siobhan O'Donnell, Louise McRae, Jean Grenier
INTRODUCTION: Although generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is common and disabling, there are few Canadian studies on this mental illness. We compared the characteristics, health status, health services use and health care needs of Canadians with GAD to those with depression. METHODS: Data are from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health, which surveyed a nationally representative sample of Canadians aged 15 years and older (n = 23 709; response rate of 68...
February 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273040/the-cost-of-diabetes-in-canada-over-10-years-applying-attributable-health-care-costs-to-a-diabetes-incidence-prediction-model
#7
Anja Bilandzic, Laura Rosella
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to estimate the future direct health care costs due to diabetes for a 10-year period in Canada using national survey data, a validated diabetes risk prediction tool and individual-level attributable cost estimates. METHODS: We used the Diabetes Population Risk Tool to predict the number of new diabetes cases in those aged 20 years and above over a 10-year period (to 2022), using 2011 and 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey data...
February 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273039/multiple-sclerosis-in-canada-2011-to-2031-results-of-a-microsimulation-modelling-study-of-epidemiological-and-economic-impacts
#8
Nana Amankwah, Ruth Ann Marrie, Christina Bancej, Rochelle Garner, Douglas G Manuel, Ron Wall, Philippe Finès, Julie Bernier, Karen Tu, Kim Reimer
INTRODUCTION: The objective of our study was to present model-based estimates and projections on current and future health and economic impacts of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Canada over a 20-year time horizon (2011-2031). METHODS: Using Statistics Canada's Population Health Microsimulation Model (POHEM) framework, specifically the population-based longitudinal, microsimulation model named POHEM-Neurological, we identified people with MS from health administrative data sources and derived incidence and mortality rate parameters from a British Columbia population-based cohort for future MS incidence and mortality projections...
February 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273038/editorial-the-weight-of-our-nation
#9
EDITORIAL
Hans Krueger
Canadians spent an estimated $228 billion on health care in 2016. That represents 11.1% of our total economy, or $6,299 per person. Almost 40% of all public expenditures are allocated to fund health care. Put succinctly, that is a lot of money! This issue of Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada places a spotlight on three diseases that contribute to this economic burden of health care in Canada.
February 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102995/letter-to-the-editor-who-benefits-from-the-professionalization-of-health-promotion
#10
LETTER
J R Graham
In 2007, Health Promotion Ontario (HPO) began working to advance the "profession" of health promotion (HP) in Canada through development of national competencies for health promoters. Their work was continued by the Pan-Canadian Network for Health Promoter Competencies ("the Network"). Funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada, the Network aimed to address (1) the recommendation made by the Canadian Joint Task Group on Public Health Human Resources for function specific competencies (including "HP Specialists"); and (2) the marginalization health promoters face in practice...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102994/at-a-glance-emergency-department-surveillance-of-thermal-burns-and-scalds-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2013
#11
J Crain, S McFaull, D P Rao, M T Do, W Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Although fatality and hospitalization rates for burns in Canada have declined over time, less serious cases still commonly present to the emergency department (ED). METHODS: The Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) is an injury and poisoning surveillance system administered by the Public Health Agency of Canada, operating in emergency departments of 17 hospitals. RESULTS: Overall, cases reported in 2013 were scalds and contact burns from hot objects...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102993/status-report-the-public-health-and-planning-101-project-strengthening-collaborations-between-the-public-health-and-planning-professions
#12
A Mahendra, T Vo, C Einstoss, J Weppler, P Gillen, L Ryan, K Haley
INTRODUCTION: Land use planning is a complex field comprised of legislation, policies, processes and tools. A growing body of evidence supports the relationship between land use planning decisions, community design and health. The built environment has been shown to be associated with physical inactivity, obesity, cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease and mental illness. Consequently, there is a growing interest within public health to work with planners on land use planning initiatives such as official plans and transportation master plans...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#13
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977087/emergency-department-presentations-for-hoverboard-related-injuries-the-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-2015-to-2016
#14
M T Do, S McFaull, J Cheesman, T Mersereau, D P Rao, J Crain, W Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977086/report-summary-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-canada-2016
#15
L McRae, S O'Donnell, L Loukine, N Rancourt, C Pelletier
Mood and Anxiety Disorders in Canada, 2016 is the first publication to include administrative health data from the Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) for the national surveillance of mood and anxiety disorders among Canadians aged one year and older. It features nationally complete CCDSS data up to fiscal year 2009/10, as well as trend data spanning over a decade (1996/97 to 2009/10). The data presented in this report, and subsequent updates, can be accessed via the Public Health Agency of Canada's Chronic Disease Infobase Data Cubes at www...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977085/correlates-of-well-being-among-canadians-with-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders
#16
H Orpana, J Vachon, C Pearson, K Elliott, M Smith, B Branchard
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to examine variables associated with well-being as measured by high self-rated mental health (SRMH) and life satisfaction (LS), among Canadian adults (aged 18+) living with a mood and/or an anxiety disorder. METHODS: We used nationally representative data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component (SLCDC-MA) to describe the association between well-being and self-management behaviours (physical activity, sleep and meditation) as well as perceived stress, coping and social support...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977084/health-status-activity-limitations-work-related-restrictions-and-level-of-disability-among-canadians-with-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorders
#17
L Loukine, S O'Donnell, E M Goldner, L McRae, H Allen
INTRODUCTION: This study provides the first overview of the perceived general and mental health, activity limitations, work-related restrictions and level of disability, as well as factors associated with disability severity, among Canadian adults with mood and/or anxiety disorders, using a population-based household sample. METHODS: We used data from the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada- Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component. The sample consists of Canadians aged 18 years and older with self-reported mood and/or anxiety disorders from the 10 provinces (n = 3361; response rate 68...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977083/the-2014-survey-on-living-with-chronic-diseases-in-canada-on-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-a-methodological-overview
#18
S O'Donnell, R Cheung, K Bennett, C Lagacé
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of information about the impact of mood and anxiety disorders on Canadians and the approaches used to manage them. To address this gap, the 2014 Survey on Living with Chronic Diseases in Canada-Mood and Anxiety Disorders Component (SLCDC-MA) was developed. The purpose of this paper is to describe the methodology of the 2014 SLCDC-MA and examine the sociodemographic characteristics of the final sample. METHODS: The 2014 SLCDC-MA is a cross-sectional follow-up survey that includes Canadians from the 10 provinces aged 18 years and older with mood and/or anxiety disorders diagnosed by a health professional that are expected to last, or have already lasted, six months or more...
December 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882861/status-report-public-health-2016-time-for-a-cultural-shift-in-the-field-of-public-health
#19
E Rm Mallach, T Ferrao, R MacLean, S Fl Kirk
Public Health 2016, the Canadian Public Health Association's annual conference, was held from June 13 to 16, 2016, in Toronto, Canada, and showcased a wide variety of public health issues that fostered considerable discussion at the conference and on social media. The four plenary sessions, while on seemingly disparate topics including technology, violence prevention, racism and harm reduction, all revealed the need for a cultural shift in the field of public health that acknowledges and addresses the broader inequities that influence the health and well-being of populations...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882860/is-child-sexual-abuse-declining-in-canada-results-from-nationally-representative-retrospective-surveys
#20
M Shields, L Tonmyr, W Hovdestad
INTRODUCTION: Numerous data sources suggest a decline in child sexual abuse (CSA) in the United States since the early 1990s. Some evidence also indicates that an earlier period of higher CSA incidence began following World War II. This study examines prevalence estimates of sexual abuse reported retrospectively as having occurred in childhood (ChSA) in two nationally representative surveys of the Canadian population. METHODS: Data are from 13 931 respondents aged 18 to 76 years from the 2004/2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS), and from 22 169 household residents aged 18 years or older who participated in the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH)...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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