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Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911824/at-a-glance-what-can-social-media-tell-us-about-the-opioid-crisis-in-canada
#1
Semra Tibebu, Vicky C Chang, Charles-Antoine Drouin, Wendy Thompson, Minh T Do
We explored social media as a potential data source for acquiring realtime information on opioid use and perceptions in Canada. Twitter messages were collected through a social media analytics platform between June 15, 2017, and July 13, 2017, and analyzed to identify recurring topics mentioned in the messages. Messages concerning the medical use of opioids as well as commentary on the Canadian government's current response efforts to the opioid crisis were common. The findings of this study may help to inform public health practice and community stakeholders in their efforts to address the opioid crisis...
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911823/evaluating-the-early-impacts-of-delisting-high-strength-opioids-on-patterns-of-prescribing-in-ontario
#2
Qi Guan, Wayne Khuu, Diana Martins, Mina Tadrous, Maria Chiu, Minh T Do, Tara Gomes
INTRODUCTION: Ontario delisted high-strength fentanyl, hydromorphone and morphine from the public drug formulary for non-palliative care prescribers on 31 January, 2017. Our aim is to assess the early impact of this policy on prescribing patterns and to examine whether this impact varied by prescriber type, opioid type and opioid strength. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study on palliative and non-palliative care patients dispensed fentanyl, hydromorphone or morphine through the Ontario public drug program between 1 January, 2014, and 31 July, 2017...
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911822/at-a-glance-lessons-learned-from-launching-the-manitoba-take-home-naloxone-program
#3
Songul Bozat-Emre, Shelley G Marshall, Colin Zhong, Joss Reimer
The Government of Manitoba launched the provincial Take-Home Naloxone Program in January 2017. By the end of September 2017, there were over 60 sites operating in Manitoba. These sites distributed 765 kits to people at risk of opioid overdose, and 93 of these kits were replacement kits used in overdose events. Most of these events occurred among males (60.2%) and in a private residence (72.0%). Fentanyl and carfentanil were the most common substances reported during overdose events. Take-Home Naloxone Program data provide important information about the unique context of the opioid crisis in Manitoba...
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911821/at-a-glance-impact-of-drug-overdose-related-deaths-on-life-expectancy-at-birth-in-british-columbia
#4
Xibiao Ye, Jenny Sutherland, Bonnie Henry, Mark Tyndall, Perry Robert William Kendall
We quantified the contributions of leading causes of death and drug overdose to changes in life expectancy at birth over time and inequalities by sex and socioeconomic status in British Columbia. From 2014 to 2016, life expectancy at birth declined by 0.38 years and drug overdose deaths (mainly opioid-involved) contributed a loss of 0.12 years of the decrease. The analysis also demonstrated that the higher drug overdose mortality among males and among those in lower socioeconomic status communities contributed to a differential decrease in life expectancy at birth for males and for those in the latter category...
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911820/at-a-glance-hospitalizations-and-emergency-department-visits-due-to-opioid-poisoning-in-canada
#5
Shannon O'Connor, Vera Grywacheski, Krista Louie
The rise in opioid-related harms is an issue of increasing public health importance in Canada. This analysis used data from the Hospital Morbidity Database and the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System to determine the number of opioid poisoning hospitalizations and emergency department visits in Canada. Opioid poisoning hospitalizations have increased over the past 10 years, reaching 15.6 per 100 000 population in 2016/17. Emergency department visits due to opioid poisoning have also increased in Alberta and Ontario, the two provinces that collect emergency department data at the level of detail required for this analysis...
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911819/canadian-trends-in-opioid-related-mortality-and-disability-from-opioid-use-disorder-from-1990-to-2014-through-the-lens-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#6
Heather M Orpana, Justin J Lang, Maulik Baxi, Jessica Halverson, Nicole Kozloff, Leah Cahill, Samiah Alam, Scott Patten, Howard Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911818/the-opioid-crisis-in-canada-a-national-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Lisa Belzak, Jessica Halverson
INTRODUCTION: This review provides a national summary of what is currently known about the Canadian opioid crisis with respect to opioid-related deaths and harms and potential risk factors as of December 2017. METHODS: We reviewed all public-facing opioid-related surveillance or epidemiological reports published by provincial and territorial ministries of health and chief coroners' or medical examiners' offices. In addition, we reviewed publications from federal partners and reports and articles published prior to December 2017...
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911817/commentary-building-the-evidence-base-for-sustained-public-health-response-to-the-opioid-epidemic-in-canada
#8
EDITORIAL
Theresa Tam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767623/release-notice-the-health-and-social-dimensions-of-adult-skills-in-canada
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767622/at-a-glance-perceptions-of-caffeinated-drinks-among-youth-and-young-adults-in-canada
#10
Brittany Cormier, Jessica L Reid, David Hammond
The current study assessed youth and young adults' perceptions and attitudes toward caffeine and energy drinks (EDs). An online survey was conducted with 2036 panelists aged 12-24, about caffeine and ED knowledge, caffeine perceptions, and perceptions of ED safety. Few respondents (2.1%) could state Health Canada's recommended limit for caffeine intake, although most participants (64.9%) correctly stated the maximum number of EDs that should be consumed per day. When shown four beverages, only 17.5% correctly identified the beverage with the most caffeine...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767621/commentary-the-case-for-more-comprehensive-data-on-household-food-insecurity
#11
Valerie Tarasuk, Timmie Li, Andrew Mitchell, Naomi Dachner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767620/quantile-regression-analysis-of-language-and-interpregnancy-interval-in-quebec-canada
#12
Nathalie Auger, Lucien Lemieux, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Amadou Diogo Barry, André Costopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Short and long interpregnancy intervals are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes such as miscarriage and preterm delivery, but cultural differences in interpregnancy intervals are understudied. Identifying cultural inequality in interpregnancy intervals is necessary to improve maternal-child outcomes. We assessed interpregnancy intervals for Anglophones and Francophones in Quebec. METHODS: We obtained birth records for all infants born in Quebec, 1989-2011...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767619/metrics-to-assess-injury-prevention-programs-for-young-workers-in-high-risk-occupations-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#13
Smith Jennifer, Birinder Praneet Purewal, Alison Macpherson, Ian Pike
INTRODUCTION: Despite legal protections for young workers in Canada, youth aged 15-24 are at high risk of traumatic occupational injury. While many injury prevention initiatives targeting young workers exist, the challenge faced by youth advocates and employers is deciding what aspect(s) of prevention will be the most effective focus for their efforts. A review of the academic and grey literatures was undertaken to compile the metrics-both the indicators being evaluated and the methods of measurement-commonly used to assess injury prevention programs for young workers...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671968/commentary-moving-forward-participaction-s-strategic-plan-2015-2020
#14
EDITORIAL
Katherine Janson, Allana G LeBlanc, Leigh M Vanderloo, Elio Antunes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671967/awareness-of-participaction-among-canadian-adults-a-seven-year-cross-sectional-follow-up
#15
John C Spence, Guy Faulkner, Eun-Young Lee, Tanya Berry, Christine Cameron, Sameer Deshpande, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Ryan E Rhodes, Mark S Tremblay
INTRODUCTION: In this cross-sectional follow-up study, we explored Canadian's awareness of ParticipACTION and their levels of physical activity (PA) after seven years of campaigns. METHODS: A population-based survey was conducted with 7282 adults over a period of 14 months from February 2014 to May 2015. The survey consisted of questions on the 2014-2015 Physical Activity Monitor relating to awareness and knowledge of ParticipACTION. Weighted logistic models were constructed to examine whether awareness was associated with PA-related beliefs, intentions, and leisure time physical activity (LTPA)...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671966/perceptions-of-organizational-capacity-to-promote-physical-activity-in-canada-and-participaction-s-influence-five-years-after-its-relaunch-a-qualitative-study
#16
Subha Ramanathan, Guy Faulkner, Tanya Berry, Sameer Deshpande, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Ryan E Rhodes, John C Spence, Mark S Tremblay
INTRODUCTION: ParticipACTION is a Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization relaunched in 2007. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively investigate organizational capacity for physical activity promotion among Canadian organizations, and the influence of ParticipACTION on capacity five years after relaunch. METHODS: Using a purposive sampling strategy, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 44 key informants representing national, provincial, and local organizations with a mandate to promote physical activity...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671965/participaction-after-5-years-of-relaunch-a-quantitative-survey-of-canadian-organizational-awareness-and-capacity-regarding-physical-activity-initiatives
#17
Guy Faulkner, Subha Ramanathan, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Tanya Berry, Sameer Deshpande, Amy E Latimer-Cheung, Ryan E Rhodes, Mark S Tremblay, John C Spence
INTRODUCTION: ParticipACTION is a Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization relaunched in 2007. This study assesses the capacity of Canadian organizations to adopt, implement, and promote physical activity initiatives. The four objectives were to compare findings from baseline (2008) and follow-up (2013) with respect to: (1) awareness of ParticipACTION; (2) organizational capacity to adopt, implement and promote physical activity initiatives; (3) potential differences in capacity based on organizational size, sector, and mandate; and (4) assess perceptions of ParticipACTION five years after relaunch...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671964/exploring-the-impact-of-the-new-participaction-overview-and-introduction-of-the-special-issue
#18
Guy Faulkner, Lira Yun, Mark S Tremblay, John C Spence
ParticipACTION is the Canadian physical activity communications and social marketing organization first launched in the fall of 1971 and then ceased operations in 2001. ParticipACTION was relaunched in 2007. Framed as a public health natural experiment, evidence was collected from a population-based survey of knowledge, awareness, understanding of physical activity, and physical activity levels among Canadians (individual level), and key informant surveys and interviews examining capacity, readiness and advocacy for physical activity promotion among physical activity organizations (organizational level)...
April 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537772/at-a-glance-traumatic-brain-injury-management-in-canada-changing-patterns-of-care
#19
Deepa P Rao, Steven McFaull, Wendy Thompson, Gayatri C Jayaraman
INTRODUCTION: With growing awareness about traumatic brain injuries (TBI), there is limited information about population level patterns of TBI care in Canada. METHODS: We examined data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (years 2004, 2009, and 2014) among all respondents ages 12 years and older. TBI management characteristics examined included access to care within 48 hours of injury, point of care, hospital admission, and follow-up. RESULTS: We observed that many Canadians sought care within 48 hours of their injury, with no changes over time...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537771/the-hans-kai-project-a-community-based-approach-to-improving-health-and-well-being-through-peer-support
#20
Alexandra Henteleff, Helena Wall
INTRODUCTION: HANS KAI is a unique health promotion intervention to improve participants' health by focussing on interrelated chronic disease prevention behaviours through peer support and strengthening of social support networks. The study objective was to determine the effectiveness of HANS KAI in an urban Canadian setting. METHODS: We used a mixed methods intervention research design that involved multiple sites from November 2010 to April 2015. Data was obtained from participant surveys as well as in-person interviews at zero, 6, 12 and 24 months...
March 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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