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Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882861/status-report-public-health-2016-time-for-a-cultural-shift-in-the-field-of-public-health
#1
E Rm Mallach, T Ferrao, R MacLean, S Fl Kirk
Public Health 2016, the Canadian Public Health Association's annual conference, was held from June 13 to 16, 2016, in Toronto, Canada, and showcased a wide variety of public health issues that fostered considerable discussion at the conference and on social media. The four plenary sessions, while on seemingly disparate topics including technology, violence prevention, racism and harm reduction, all revealed the need for a cultural shift in the field of public health that acknowledges and addresses the broader inequities that influence the health and well-being of populations...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882860/is-child-sexual-abuse-declining-in-canada-results-from-nationally-representative-retrospective-surveys
#2
M Shields, L Tonmyr, W Hovdestad
INTRODUCTION: Numerous data sources suggest a decline in child sexual abuse (CSA) in the United States since the early 1990s. Some evidence also indicates that an earlier period of higher CSA incidence began following World War II. This study examines prevalence estimates of sexual abuse reported retrospectively as having occurred in childhood (ChSA) in two nationally representative surveys of the Canadian population. METHODS: Data are from 13 931 respondents aged 18 to 76 years from the 2004/2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS), and from 22 169 household residents aged 18 years or older who participated in the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-MH)...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882859/suicide-and-self-inflicted-injury-hospitalizations-in-canada-1979-to-2014-15
#3
R Skinner, S McFaull, J Draca, M Frechette, J Kaur, C Pearson, W Thompson
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this paper is to describe the trends and patterns of self-inflicted injuries, available from Canadian administrative data between 1979 and 2014/15, in order to inform and improve suicide prevention efforts. METHODS: Suicide mortality and hospital separation data were retrieved from the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) holdings of Statistics Canada's Canadian Vital Statistics: Death Database (CVS:D) (1979 to 2012); Canadian Socio-Economic Information Management System (CANSIM 2011, 2012); the Hospital Morbidity Database (HMDB) (1994/95 to 2010/11); and the Discharge Abstract Database (2011/12 to 2014/15)...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882858/longitudinal-associations-of-parental-and-peer-influences-with-physical-activity-during-adolescence-findings-from-the-compass-study
#4
E Y Lau, G Faulkner, W Qian, S T Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: To examine temporal variations in parental and peer influences on adolescent physical activity (PA) and whether these variations predicted changes in PA. METHODS: We analyzed data from Years 1, 2 and 3 of the COMPASS study. Participants were 22 909 students in Grades 9 to 12 (mean age [years] = 15.42 ± 1.12, 46% boys, 85% White), who had completed the following survey items on 2 or more consecutive occasions: age, sex, grade, race/ethnicity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), parental encouragement and parental instrumental support for PA, and number of active peers...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768560/report-summary-prevalence-and-monetary-costs-of-dementia-in-canada-2016-a-report-by-the-alzheimer-society-of-canada
#5
(no author information available yet)
Dementia prevalence estimates vary among population-based studies, depending on the definitions of dementia, methodologies and data sources and types of costs they use. A common approach is needed to avoid confusion and increase public and stakeholder confidence in the estimates. Since 1994, five major studies have yielded widely differing estimates of dementia prevalence and monetary costs of dementia in Canada. These studies variously estimated the prevalence of dementia for the year 2011 as low as 340 170 and as high as 747 000...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768559/estimating-chronic-disease-rates-in-canada-which-population-wide-denominator-to-use
#6
J Ellison, C Nagamuthu, S Vanderloo, B McRae, C Waters
INTRODUCTION: Chronic disease rates are produced from the Public Health Agency of Canada's Canadian Chronic Disease Surveillance System (CCDSS) using administrative health data from provincial/territorial health ministries. Denominators for these rates are based on estimates of populations derived from health insurance files. However, these data may not be accessible to all researchers. Another source for population size estimates is the Statistics Canada census. The purpose of our study was to calculate the major differences between the CCDSS and Statistics Canada's population denominators and to identify the sources or reasons for the potential differences between these data sources...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768558/developing-indicators-for-evaluation-of-age-friendly-communities-in-canada-process-and-results
#7
H Orpana, M Chawla, E Gallagher, E Escaravage
INTRODUCTION: In 2006, the World Health Organization launched the Global Age-Friendly Cities Project to support active aging. Canada has a large number of age-friendly initiatives; however, little is known about the effectiveness and outcomes of age-friendly community (AFC) initiatives. In addition, stakeholders report that they lack the capacity and tools to develop and conduct evaluations of their AFC initiatives. In order to address these gaps, the Public Health Agency of Canada developed indicators to support the evaluation of AFC initiatives relevant to a wide range of Canadian communities...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768557/describing-the-population-health-burden-of-depression-health-adjusted-life-expectancy-by-depression-status-in-canada
#8
C Steensma, L Loukine, H Orpana, L McRae, J Vachon, F Mo, M Boileau-Falardeau, C Reid, B C Choi
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have evaluated the impact of depression in terms of losses to both premature mortality and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) on the overall population. Health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) is a summary measure of population health that combines both morbidity and mortality into a single summary statistic that describes the current health status of a population. METHODS: We estimated HALE for the Canadian adult population according to depression status...
October 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670923/correction-health-behaviours-associated-with-indoor-tanning-based-on-the-2012-13-manitoba-youth-health-survey
#9
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/hpcdp-pspmc/36-8/ar-02-eng.php].
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670922/childhood-overweight-and-obesity-trends-in-canada
#10
D P Rao, E Kropac, M T Do, K C Roberts, G C Jayaraman
INTRODUCTION: Excess weight is a key risk factor for chronic disease, and the systematic collection, analysis and reporting of key trends are important to surveillance of overweight and obesity. METHODS: We used univariate analyses to calculate current prevalence estimates of excess weight among Canadian children and youth. RESULTS: Almost 1 in 7 children and youth is obese. Rates vary based on sociodemographic factors such as age, sex, socioeconomic status and place of residence...
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670921/estimating-bias-in-derived-body-mass-index-in-the-maternity-experiences-survey
#11
S Dzakpasu, J Duggan, J Fahey, R S Kirby
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess bias in the body mass index (BMI) measure in the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey (MES) and possible implications of bias on the relationship between BMI and selected pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: We assessed BMI classification based on self-reported versus measured values. We used a random sample of 6175 women from the MES, which derived BMI from self-reported height and weight, and a random sample of 259 women who had previously given birth from the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS), which derived BMI from self-reported and measured height and weight...
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670920/how-perceptions-of-community-environment-influence-health-behaviours-using-the-analysis-grid-for-environments-linked-to-obesity-framework-as-a-mechanism-for-exploration
#12
L M Nieuwendyk, A P Belon, H Vallianatos, K D Raine, D Schopflocher, J C Spence, R C Plotnikoff, C I Nykiforuk
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are influenced by a complex interplay of individual and environmental factors that affect physical activity and healthy eating. Nevertheless, little has been reported on people's perceptions of those factors. Addressing this critical gap and community partner needs, this study explored how people perceived the influence of micro- and macroenvironmental factors on physical activity and healthy eating. METHODS: Community partners wanted the study results in a format that would be readily and easily used by local decision makers...
September 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556921/chronic-disease-and-injury-indicator-framework-quick-stats-2016-edition
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556920/patterns-of-multiple-health-risk-behaviours-in-university-students-and-their-association-with-mental-health-application-of-latent-class-analysis
#14
M Y Kwan, K P Arbour-Nicitopoulos, E Duku, G Faulkner
INTRODUCTION: University and college campuses may be the last setting where it is possible to comprehensively address the health of a large proportion of the young adult population. It is important that health promoters understand the collective challenges students are facing, and to better understand the broader lifestyle behavioural patterning evident during this life stage. The purpose of this study was to examine the clustering of modifiable health-risk behaviours and to explore the relationship between these identified clusters and mental health outcomes among a large Canadian university sample...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556919/health-behaviours-associated-with-indoor-tanning-based-on-the-2012-13-manitoba-youth-health-survey
#15
E Harland, J Griffith, H Lu, T Erickson, K Magsino
INTRODUCTION: Although indoor tanning causes cancer, it remains relatively common among adolescents. Little is known about indoor tanning prevalence and habits in Canada, and even less about associated behaviours. This study explores the prevalence of adolescent indoor tanning in Manitoba and its association with other demographic characteristics and health behaviours. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of the 2012/13 Manitoba Youth Health Survey data collected from Grade 7 to 12 students (n = 64 174) and examined associations between indoor tanning (whether participants had ever used artificial tanning equipment) and 25 variables...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556918/masking-in-reports-of-most-serious-events-bias-in-estimators-of-sports-injury-incidence-in-canadian-children
#16
A Gupta, C M Davidson, M A McIsaac
INTRODUCTION: Surveys that collect information on injuries often focus on the single "most serious" event to help limit recall error and reduce survey length. However, this can mask less serious injuries and result in biased incidence estimates for specific injury subcategories. METHODS: Data from the 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey and from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were used to compare estimates of sports injury incidence in Canadian children...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409989/correction-status-report-the-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-preventive-program-a-dynamic-and-innovative-injury-surveillance-system
#17
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/hpcdp-pspmc/36-6/ar-02-eng.php].
July 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409988/characteristics-of-e-cigarette-users-and-their-perceptions-of-the-benefits-harms-and-risks-of-e-cigarette-use-survey-results-from-a-convenience-sample-in-ottawa-canada
#18
K D Volesky, A Maki, C Scherf, L M Watson, E Cassol, P J Villeneuve
INTRODUCTION: Although e-cigarette use ("vaping") is increasing in Canada, few attempts have been made to describe e-cigarette users ("vapers"). In this context, we conducted a study in Ottawa, Canada, to describe e-cigarette users' perceptions of the benefits, harms and risks of e-cigarettes. We also collected information on why, how and where they use e-cigarettes as well as information on side effects. METHODS: A 24-item online survey was administered to individuals who purchased e-cigarettes or e-cigarette-related supplies at one of Ottawa's 17 e-cigarette shops...
July 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409987/association-between-prenatal-care-and-small-for-gestational-age-birth-an-ecological-study-in-quebec-canada
#19
N Savard, P Levallois, L P Rivest, S Gingras
BACKGROUND: In Quebec, women living on low income receive a number of additional prenatal care visits, determined by their area of residence, of both multi-component and food supplementation programs. We investigated whether increasing the number of visits reduces the odds of the main outcome of small for gestational age (SGA) birth (weight < 10th percentile on the Canadian scale). METHODS: In this ecological study, births were identified from Quebec's registry of demographic events between 2006 and 2008 (n = 156 404; 134 areas)...
July 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284704/report-summary-the-direct-economic-burden-of-socioeconomic-health-inequalities-in-canada-an-analysis-of-health-care-costs-by-income-level
#20
(no author information available yet)
Canadian research indicates that individuals with lower incomes, less education or lower occupational skill levels tend to be less healthy than those who enjoy greater advantages in these areas. This uneven distribution of health across different socioeconomic status (SES) groups is referred to as "socioeconomic inequality in health." Evidence of the economic cost of health inequalities helps us understand the benefits of reducing these inequalities. However, the data needed to generate such evidence is difficult to obtain...
June 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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