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Public Health Research & Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114719/the-aboriginal-population-health-training-initiative-a-nsw-health-program-established-to-strengthen-the-aboriginal-public-health-workforce
#1
Ben Li, Aaron Cashmore, Dawn Arneman, Wendy Bryan-Clothier, Lisa K McCallum, Andrew Milat
OBJECTIVES: Increasing the representation of Aboriginal people in the health workforce can contribute to improving Aboriginal people's health and wellbeing by supporting the provision of more culturally appropriate health programs and services. The Aboriginal Population Health Training Initiative aims to strengthen the Aboriginal public health workforce in New South Wales (NSW), with the long-term goal of improving the health of Aboriginal people. Type of program or service: The program provides comprehensive, competency-based public health training for Aboriginal people...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114718/ascertainment-of-self-reported-prescription-medication-use-compared-with-pharmaceutical-claims-data
#2
Danijela Gnjidic, Wei Du, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Sarah N Hilmer, Emily Banks
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the comparative validity of self-reported medication use in large-scale studies is limited. This study compared self-reported medication use of prescription-only medications to gold standard pharmaceutical claims (i.e. dispensing) data. METHODS: We selected a random sample of 500 participants from the 45 and Up Study, a large-scale Australian study, with complete ascertainment of Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme dispensing records. Self-reported medication use was ascertained by questionnaire requesting data on medications used "for most of the last 4 weeks"...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114717/the-quality-of-australian-indigenous-primary-health-care-research-focusing-on-social-and-emotional-wellbeing-a-systematic-review
#3
Sara Farnbach, Anne-Maree Eades, Jamie K Fernando, Josephine D Gwynn, Nick Glozier, Maree L Hackett
Objectives and importance of the study: Primary health care research focused on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) people is needed to ensure that key frontline services provide evidence based and culturally appropriate care. We systematically reviewed the published primary health care literature to identify research designs, processes and outcomes, and assess the scientific quality of research focused on social and emotional wellbeing. This will inform future research to improve evidence based, culturally appropriate primary health care...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114716/trends-in-fall-related-ambulance-use-and-hospitalisation-among-older-adults-in-nsw-2006-2013-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#4
Serene S Paul, Lara Harvey, Therese Carroll, Qiang Li, Soufiane Boufous, Annabel Priddis, Anne Tiedemann, Lindy Clemson, Stephen R Lord, Sandy Muecke, Jacqueline Ct Close, Serigne Lo, Catherine Sherrington
Objective and importance of study: To describe characteristics and temporal trends of fall-related ambulance service use and hospital admission in older adults in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Such information will facilitate a more targeted approach to planning and delivery of health services to prevent falls and their adverse sequelae in different groups of older adults. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective population-based descriptive study. METHODS: Fall-related ambulance use and hospital admissions for all falls and injurious falls in NSW residents aged ≥65 years between 2006 and 2013 were obtained from two discrete sources of routinely collected data...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114715/identifying-research-priorities-to-improve-cancer-control-for-indigenous-australians
#5
Bronwyn A Morris, Kate Anderson, Joan Cunningham, Gail Garvey
OBJECTIVES: The cancer burden is high among Australia's Indigenous population. Following a period of increasing attention by researchers, policy makers and consumers, this study aimed to identify emerging research priorities in Indigenous cancer control. METHODS: A survey was administered to a network of individuals with an interest in cancer and Indigenous Australians. Respondents (N = 255) described what they thought was the most significant research priority for cancer control for Indigenous Australians and ranked prespecified research areas relating to components of the cancer continuum...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114714/child-injury-surveillance-capabilities-in-nsw-informing-policy-and-practice
#6
Rebecca Mitchell, Luke Testa
Injury is one of the most common reasons why a child is hospitalised. Information gained from injury surveillance activities provides an estimate of the injury burden, describes injury event circumstances, can be used to monitor injury trends over time, and is used to design and evaluate injury prevention activities. This perspective article provides an overview of child injury surveillance capabilities within New South Wales (NSW), Australia, following a stocktake of population-based injury-related data collections using the Evaluation Framework for Injury Surveillance Systems...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114713/the-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-smoking-epidemic-what-stage-are-we-at-and-what-does-it-mean
#7
Ray Lovett, Katherine A Thurber, Raglan Maddox
Smoking is the leading contributor to the burden of disease among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, and there is considerable potential for change. Understanding the epidemic stage may provide insight into probable trends in smoking-attributable mortality, and inform program and policy development. Tobacco use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians has declined substantially, accompanied by declining tobacco-related cardiovascular mortality. Based on the available evidence, we expect tobacco-related cancer mortality to remain high, but peak within the next decade; however, there is a critical need for improved evidence to make an accurate assessment...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114712/the-australian-burden-of-disease-study-impact-and-causes-of-illness-and-death-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-people-2011
#8
Fadwa Al-Yaman
This study estimates fatal and nonfatal disease burden among Indigenous Australians in 2011 and compares it with non-Indigenous Australians. The study found that there were 284 years lost per 1000 people because of premature death or living with ill health. Most of the disease burden was from chronic diseases (64%), particularly mental and substance-use disorders, injuries, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and respiratory diseases. The burden of disease was higher among males (54%) than females (46%) and higher for fatal (53%) than for nonfatal burden (47%)...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114711/interview-with-the-hon-ken-wyatt-improving-indigenous-health-outcomes-from-a-political-viewpoint
#9
Ken Wyatt
In 2017, Australia celebrates 50 years since the 1967 referendum, when more than 90% of Australians voted to amend the constitution to allow the national government to create laws for Indigenous people and include them in the census. We spoke with the Honourable Ken Wyatt, the Minister for Indigenous Health and the Minister for Aged Care, about what has occurred over the past 50 years in Indigenous health from a political perspective, and what we have learnt to improve health outcomes in the future.
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114710/50-years-since-citizenship-successes-and-challenges-in-indigenous-health
#10
Sandra J Eades, Emily Banks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765862/developing-an-alternative-alcohol-advertising-complaint-review-system-lessons-from-a-world-first-public-health-advocacy-initiative
#11
Hannah L Pierce, Julia M Stafford, Mike Daube
Young people in Australia are frequently exposed to alcohol marketing. Leading health organisations recommend legislative controls on alcohol advertising as part of a comprehensive approach to reduce alcohol-related harm. However, Australia relies largely on industry self-regulation. This paper describes the development and implementation of the Alcohol Advertising Review Board (AARB), a world-first public health advocacy initiative that encourages independent regulation of alcohol advertising. The AARB reviews complaints about alcohol advertising, and uses strategies such as media advocacy, community engagement and communicating with policy makers to highlight the need for effective regulation...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765861/improving-communication-about-cancer-screening-moving-towards-informed-decision-making
#12
Jolyn K Hersch, Brooke L Nickel, Alex Ghanouni, Jesse Jansen, Kirsten J McCaffery
For decades, public communications about cancer screening have used persuasive techniques with the aim of maximising the number of people being screened. However, perspectives have changed more recently to acknowledge that screening can lead to harm as well as benefit, and that it is important for service users to consider both. For some types of cancer screening, there is professional contention about whether benefits clearly outweigh harms. In light of this, an emerging trend in cancer screening communication is to try to support informed decision making - that is, to help people understand both the advantages and disadvantages of screening, allowing them to make individual decisions about their screening participation that reflect their informed preferences...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765860/assessing-the-efficacy-of-cancer-screening
#13
Gemma Jacklyn, Katy Bell, Andrew Hayen
BACKGROUND: Population-based cancer screening has been established for several types of cancer in Australia and internationally. Screening may perform differently in practice from randomised controlled trials, which makes evaluating programs complex. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We discuss how to assess the evidence of benefits and harms of cancer screening, including the main biases that can mislead clinicians and policy makers (such as volunteer, lead-time, length-time and overdiagnosis bias)...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765859/clinical-consultations-and-investigations-before-and-after-discontinuation-of-endocrine-therapy-in-women-with-primary-breast-cancer
#14
Derrick Lopez, Anna Kemp-Casey, Christobel Saunders, Elizabeth Roughead, Frances Boyle, Max Bulsara, David Preen
OBJECTIVE: Although clinical trials recommend that women with hormone-dependent primary breast cancer remain on endocrine therapy for at least 5 years, up to 60% discontinue treatment early. We determined whether these women had consulted with clinicians or had investigations for cancer recurrence or metastasis around the time they discontinued endocrine therapy, and whether clinical contact continued after discontinuation. METHODS: We performed case-control and cohort studies of women from the 45 and Up Study who were diagnosed with invasive primary breast cancer between January 2003 and December 2008, and who had ≥12 months of anastrozole, exemestane, letrozole or tamoxifen subsequently dispensed...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765858/history-development-and-future-of-cancer-screening-in-australia
#15
Ian N Olver, David Roder
INTRODUCTION: The aim of screening an asymptomatic population for cancer is to achieve better health outcomes, particularly a population survival benefit. Australia has three population screening programs: the National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP), BreastScreen Australia and the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP). METHODS: We reviewed the history and development of the three programs. NCSP: Women have a Pap smear every 2 years from age 18-20, or 2 years after first becoming sexually active, until age 69...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765857/why-the-public-health-sector-couldn-t-create-pok%C3%A3-mon-go
#16
Becky Freeman, Josephine Chau, Seema Mihrshahi
Pokémon Go has been subject to much attention - from both the players that download the augmented reality game and the news media. Amid the exaggerated media reports, Pokémon Go may have unintended health benefits. Players have reported walking more, spending more time with family, experiencing improvements in their mental health and feeling more connected to their communities. It is hard to imagine public health researchers developing a similar game that is fun, taps into pop culture, reaches a wide target audience, makes use of physical and virtual environments, creates a sense of both competition and community, and has spin-off health benefits...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765856/shangri-la-and-the-integration-of-mental-health-care-in-australia
#17
Sebastian Rosenberg
We wanted the best, but it turned out like always. Victor Chernomydrin) (1) According to literary legend, Shangri-La is an idyllic and harmonious place. Mental health is aspiring to its own Shangri-La in the shape of better integrated care. But do current reforms make integrated practice more or less likely? And what can be done to increase the chances of success? The aim of this article is to review the current state of mental health reforms in Australia now under way across Primary Health Networks, the National Disability Insurance Scheme, psychosocial support services and elsewhere...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765855/what-is-overdiagnosis-and-why-should-we-take-it-seriously-in-cancer-screening
#18
Stacy M Carter, Alexandra Barratt
Overdiagnosis occurs in a population when conditions are diagnosed correctly but the diagnosis produces an unfavourable balance between benefits and harms. In cancer screening, overdiagnosed cancers are those that did not need to be found because they would not have produced symptoms or led to premature death. These overdiagnosed cancers can be distinguished from false positives, which occur when an initial screening test suggests that a person is at high risk but follow-up testing shows them to be at normal risk...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765854/psa-testing-for-men-at-average-risk-of-prostate-cancer
#19
Bruce K Armstrong, Michael J Barry, Mark Frydenberg, Robert A Gardiner, Ian Haines, Stacy M Carter
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing of men at normal risk of prostate cancer is one of the most contested issues in cancer screening. There is no formal screening program, but testing is common - arguably a practice that ran ahead of the evidence. Public and professional communication about PSA screening has been highly varied and potentially confusing for practitioners and patients alike. There has been much research and policy activity relating to PSA testing in recent years. Landmark randomised controlled trials have been reported; authorities - including the 2013 Prostate Cancer World Congress, the Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia, Cancer Council Australia, and the National Health and Medical Research Council - have made or endorsed public statements and/or issued clinical practice guidelines; and the US Preventive Services Task Force is revising its recommendations...
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765853/cancer-screening-concerns-controversy-and-evidence
#20
Sarah McGill, Stacy M Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
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