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Public Health Research & Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997944/momentum-builds-for-soft-drink-tax-in-australia
#1
Nyssa Skilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997943/senate-recommends-action-on-lyme-like-illness
#2
Anne Messenger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997942/zika-still-a-threat-for-australia
#3
Anne Messenger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997941/continuing-to-lift-the-burden-using-a-continuous-quality-improvement-approach-to-advance-aboriginal-tobacco-resistance-and-control
#4
Alvin Lee, Kerri Lucas, Megan A Campbell, Jasmine Sarin
Smoking remains the most preventable cause of early mortality and ill health in Aboriginal people. The Aboriginal Health & Medical Research Council of New South Wales has developed the Aboriginal Tobacco Resistance and Control (ATRAC) Yarning Tool with a range of key stakeholders, to contribute to reducing the prevalence of smoking in Aboriginal communities. The Yarning Tool was adapted from the ATRAC Framework and aims to promote the meaningful discussion, planning and strengthening of tobacco resistance and control activities using a continuous quality improvement (CQI) approach...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997940/australia-s-response-to-ebola-virus-disease-in-west-africa-2014-15
#5
Gwendolyn L Gilbert
In March 2016, the World Health Organization declared the 2014-15 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak officially over. With around 29 000 cases and 11 000 deaths in 27 months, this EVD outbreak was more than 60 times larger than any before, and unique in its cross-border spread and involvement of urban centres. Local and international responses were slow and initially inadequate, but establishment of the United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response, 9 months after the outbreak began, allowed a coordinated effort that slowed and eventually controlled the spread of disease...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997939/content-analysis-of-comments-posted-on-australian-online-news-sites-reporting-a-celebrity-admitting-smoking-while-pregnant
#6
Beverley Carroll, Becky Freeman
OBJECTIVES: More than 12% of Australian women who gave birth in 2012 reported smoking during pregnancy. Smoking during pregnancy may be under-reported as a result of negative societal attitudes towards pregnant women who smoke. This study sought to identify the extent and nature of online news readers' reactions to online news stories reporting Australian celebrity Chrissie Swan's admission of smoking while pregnant, and whether any smoking and pregnancy health information was included...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997938/fall-prevention-services-for-older-aboriginal-people-investigating-availability-and-acceptability
#7
Caroline Lukaszyk, Julieann Coombes, Lisa Keay, Catherine Sherrington, Anne Tiedemann, Tony Broe, Lorraine Lovitt, Rebecca Ivers
BACKGROUND: Falls and fall-related injury are emerging issues for older Aboriginal people. Despite this, it is unknown whether older Aboriginal people access available fall prevention programs, or whether these programs are effective or acceptable to this population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of available fall prevention services by older Aboriginal people and identify features that are likely to contribute to program acceptability for Aboriginal communities in New South Wales (NSW), Australia...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997937/describing-meningococcal-disease-understanding-perceptions-and-feelings-of-people-in-a-regional-area-of-nsw-australia
#8
Julie Kohlhagen, Peter D Massey, Kylie A Taylor, Maggi Osbourn, Myfanwy Maple
OBJECTIVES: To explore understanding, perceptions and feelings about meningococcal disease in members of higher risk groups. To explore what people say are the most important health messages and communication preferences about invasive meningococcal disease (IMD). METHODS: Three focus groups and two semistructured interviews were conducted with people at higher risk of IMD in Hunter New England Local Health District in New South Wales. RESULTS: Participants generally had a low understanding of IMD, but described intense feelings about the disease and empathy for those who had experienced the disease...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997936/a-review-of-recommendations-on-the-safe-and-effective-use-of-topical-mosquito-repellents
#9
Cameron E Webb, Isabel Mr Hess
Mosquito-borne disease is an annual problem in Australia, with endemic pathogens such as Ross River virus infecting thousands of people each year. The recent emergence of Zika virus in South America and the Pacific, together with ongoing outbreaks of dengue viruses in Southeast Asia, generated great community interest in the most effective strategies to avoid mosquito bites. Large-scale mosquito control programs are not common in Australia and are limited in New South Wales (NSW). The use of topical insect repellents is a key recommendation by health authorities to prevent mosquito-borne disease...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997935/exotic-mosquito-threats-require-strategic-surveillance-and-response-planning
#10
Cameron E Webb, Stephen L Doggett
Mosquito-borne diseases caused by endemic pathogens such as Ross River, Barmah Forest and Murray Valley encephalitis viruses are an annual concern in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. More than a dozen mosquito species have been implicated in the transmission of these pathogens, with each mosquito occupying a specialised ecological niche that influences their habitat associations, host feeding preferences and the environmental drivers of their abundance. The NSW Arbovirus Surveillance and Mosquito Monitoring Program provides an early warning system for potential outbreaks of mosquito-borne disease by tracking annual activity of these mosquitoes and their associated pathogens...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997934/future-directions-for-public-health-research-in-emerging-infectious-diseases
#11
Grant A Hill-Cawthorne, Tania C Sorrell
Infectious diseases remain responsible for significant global morbidity and mortality, and diseases emerge and re-emerge in sometimes unpredictable locations and at unpredictable times. Although much is known about how to detect and respond to existing infections, more public health research is needed to predict the likelihood of their emergence and spread, and to improve the precision and timeliness of public health responsiveness. To achieve this, further research is required to develop pathogen genomics from more than just a tool for outbreak investigation to one that will identify and quantify catalysts for emergence within a given population...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997933/from-plague-to-mers-coordinating-australia-s-response-to-emerging-infectious-diseases
#12
Jenny Firman, Stephanie A Williams, Chris Baggoley
Rapid international travel times and the arrival of new and unexpected infectious disease threats have demonstrated that, for effective communicable disease control, Australia's response needs to be flexible and coordinated. This paper summarises how our public health and clinical systems would respond to a case of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus and our responsibility under the International Health Regulations to notify the World Health Organization (WHO). It also describes the processes undertaken by WHO when it declares that a disease outbreak is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern...
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997932/emerging-infectious-diseases
#13
Jeremy M McAnulty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714395/no-safe-level-public-health-message-targets-moderate-drinkers
#14
Nyssa Skilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714393/sporting-clubs-to-tackle-illegal-drug-use
#15
Nyssa Skilton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714392/public-health-advocacy-in-action-the-case-of-unproven-breast-cancer-screening-in-australia
#16
Rebecca S Johnson, Emma J Croager, Caitlin B Kameron, Iain S Pratt, Thomas D Vreugdenburg, Terry Slevin
In recent years, nonmammographic breast imaging devices, such as thermography, electrical impedance scanning and elastography, have been promoted directly to consumers, which has captured the attention of governments, researchers and health organisations. These devices are not supported by evidence and risk undermining existing mammographic breast cancer screening services. During a 5-year period, Cancer Council Western Australia (CCWA) used strategic research combined with legal, policy and media advocacy to contest claims that these devices were proven alternatives to mammography for breast cancer screening...
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714391/development-of-a-multiple-risk-factor-brief-health-check-for-workplaces
#17
Beverley Lloyd, Santosh Khanal, Edwina Macoun, Chris Rissel
Health promotion in workplace settings has been prioritised to reduce chronic disease risk factors, both in Australia and internationally. This paper describes the design of a health risk assessment tool, the Brief Health Check (BHC). The BHC is one of two components of Get Healthy at Work, a state government-funded health promotion program for New South Wales workplaces. Policy imperatives required scaled-up delivery in the absence of a full pre-implementation summative evaluation. Translational formative evaluation was adapted to design an evidence based health risk assessment tool, a process for referring workers to healthy lifestyle programs, and a process for general practitioners to help workers mitigate their risk of chronic disease, independently of the workplace...
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714390/developing-a-new-get-healthy-service-program-on-reducing-risky-alcohol-consumption
#18
Ralph Moore, Nageen Ahmed, Lisa Russell, Chris Rissel
Risky alcohol use has significant individual health and social impacts, and is related to short- and long-term harm, including injuries, accidents, liver diseases, some cancers, cardiovascular diseases and alcohol dependence. The Get Healthy Information & Coaching Service (GHS) is a free telephone coaching service supporting adults 16 years or older to reduce weight, improve nutrition and increase physical activity. Tailored programs are available for Aboriginal people, pregnant women and people at risk of type 2 diabetes...
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714389/mesothelioma-trends-in-the-act-and-comparisons-with-the-rest-of-australia
#19
Rosemary J Korda, Mark S Clements, Bruce K Armstrong, Susan M Trevenar, Elizabeth B Chalker, Leah A Newman, Martyn D Kirk
OBJECTIVES: Inhalation of asbestos fibres is the predominant cause of malignant mesothelioma. Domestic exposure to asbestos is a major community concern in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) because of loose-fill asbestos home insulation. Little is known about how trends in mesothelioma rates in the ACT compare with those elsewhere. The objective of this study was to describe trends in mesothelioma rates in the ACT and compare them with those for the rest of Australia. METHODS: We used de-identified data from the ACT Cancer Registry (1982- 2014), and the Western Australia (WA) Cancer Registry and the Australian Cancer Database (1982-2011)...
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714388/genetic-feedback-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-in-hospital-outpatients-with-risky-drinking-feasibility-and-acceptability
#20
Natalie A Johnson, Kypros Kypri, Joanna Latter, John Attia, Mark McEvoy, Adrian Dunlop, Rodney Scott
OBJECTIVE: There have been no trials in healthcare settings of genetic susceptibility feedback in relation to alcohol consumption. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a full-scale randomised trial estimating the effect of personalised genetic susceptibility feedback on alcohol consumption in hospital outpatients with risky drinking. METHODS: Outpatients ≥18 years of age who reported drinking more than 14 standard drinks in the past week or in a typical week were asked to provide a saliva sample for genetic testing...
September 30, 2016: Public Health Research & Practice
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