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Electronic Physician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238511/health-information-technology-and-health-care-activists-where-is-the-place-of-iranians
#1
Mobina Ghoochani, Mehdi Kahouei, Morteza Hemmat, Hesamedin Askari Majdabadi, Ali Valinejadi
Background: The level of knowledge and using health information technology by clinicians, students and staff has always been one of the essential issues in the field of health. Objective: The objective of the present study was to evaluate HIT knowledge, attitude, and practice habits among health care professionals and students in educational hospitals in Iran. Methods: This case study was carried out in 2016 on 539 personnel of 65 educational hospitals in Iran entailing three subgroups of physicians (n=128), medical students (n=97), and health record staff (n=314)...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238510/epidemiology-transmission-diagnosis-and-outcome-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#2
REVIEW
Seyed Hamid Moosavy, Parivash Davoodian, Mirza Ali Nazarnezhad, Abdolazim Nejatizaheh, Ebrahim Eftekhar, Hamidreza Mahboobi
Hepatitis C infection is one of the main causes of chronic liver disorders worldwide. Nearly three percent (3%) of the world population has an HCV infection. Prevalence of HCV infection was higher in some groups such as injected drug users (IDUs) and HIV positive populations. Acute hepatitis has proven asymptomatic in most cases, and delay of diagnosis might lead to late onset of hepatocellular carcinoma and cirrhosis. Some host characteristics such as age, gender, body mass index, and viral properties are associated with HCV outcome hepatitis...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238509/areal-location-of-hazardous-atmospheres-simulation-on-toxic-chemical-release-a-scenario-based-case-study-from-ray-iran
#3
Farin Fatemi, Ali Ardalan, Benigno Aguirre, Nabiollah Mansouri, Iraj Mohammadfam
Background and aim: Chemical accidents cause significant danger for residents living close to chemical facilities. For this reason, this study assessed the impacts of a simulated chemical accident on surrounding residents in the city of Ray, Iran. Methods: In this scenario-based case study in 2015, the Areal Location of Hazardous Atmospheres (ALOHA) model was applied to simulate a toxic chemical release from a chlorine warehouse in Shourabad, Ray, Iran. The population of the area was calculated based on the latest census in Iran, 2011...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238508/effectiveness-of-teaching-cognitive-behavioral-techniques-on-locus-of-control-in-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Mohammad Mehrtak, Shahram Habibzadeh, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Abdollah Rjaei-Khiavi
Background: Many of the cognitive behavioral models and therapeutic protocols developed so far for psychological disorders and chronic diseases have proved effective through clinical research. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of teaching cognitive-behavioral techniques on locus of control in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This controlled clinical trial study was conducted in 2015 with 76 patients selected by census and treated with a hemodialysis machine in the dialysis department of Vali-Asr Hospital in the city of Meshkinshahr...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238507/kinetic-parameters-and-nitrate-nitrite-changes-in-bioremediation-of-toxic-pentaerythritol-tetranitrate-petn-contaminated-soil
#5
Mohsen Sadani, Mohammad Amin Karami, Fahimeh Teimouri, Mohammad Mehdi Amin, Seyed Mahdi Moosavi, Bahare Dehdashti
Background: Cleanup of areas contaminated by explosives is a public health concern. Some explosives can be carcinogenic in humans. Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN), a powerful explosive with very low water solubility, can be easily transported to ground waters. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the removal efficiencies of PETN from soil by bioremediation, and obtain kinetic parameters of biological process. Methods: This experimental study was conducted at the Environmental Health Engineering Lab (Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran) in 2015-2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238506/comparison-of-the-effect-of-topiramate-versus-gabapentin-on-neuropathic-pain-in-patients-with-polyneuropathy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Surena Nazarbaghi, Mohammad Reza Amiri-Nikpour, Aynaz Foroughi Eghbal, Rohollah Valizadeh
Background: Neuropathic pain is one of the most common complaints of neurologic clinics. Neuropathic pain is common and important and has inappropriate complications, and despite their importance, there is no effective treatment for them. Objective: Because of the importance of neuropathic pain and safe and effective treatment, in this study, we determined the effect of topiramate versus gabapentin in patients with neuropathic pain. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 30 patients with pain attributed to neuropathy who had at least one month of neuropathic pain in one area, were randomized to receive either gabapentin, titrated from 300 mg/day to a maximum of 900 mg/day or topiramate, titrated from 50 mg/day to a maximum of 100 mg/day after a 4-week period in the neurology clinic of Imam Khomeini Hospital of Urmia city, Iran in 2015...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238505/surveying-the-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-persian-version-of-the-jefferson-scale-of-physician-lifelong-learning-jeffspll-in-staff-of-medical-sciences
#7
Fatemeh Zahra Karimi, Aytay Alesheikh, Soheila Pakravan, Mahbubeh Abdollahi, Mozhdeh Damough, Zahra Khosravi Anbaran, Leila Amiri Farahani
Background: In medical sciences, commitment to lifelong learning has been expressed as an important element. Today, due to the rapid development of medical information and technology, lifelong learning is critical for safe medical care and development in medical research. JeffSPLL is one of the scales for measuring lifelong learning among the staff of medical sciences that has never been used in Iran. Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the factor structure and reliability of the Persian version of JeffSPLL among Persian-speaking staff of universities of medical sciences in Iran...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238504/iron-overload-assessment-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-is-t2-magnetic-resonance-imaging-the-answer
#8
Natasha Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238503/designing-and-validation-a-questionnaire-of-hope-for-family-members-of-patients-hospitalized-in-intensive-care-unit
#9
Foad Rahimi, Fatemeh Oskouie, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Families of patients are faced with stressors in the intensive care unit (ICU) that cannot be controlled sometimes. Having hope is one of the strategies for obtaining self-control in patients' families, which deals with such situations. Objective: The purpose of this study was to design and validate a questionnaire of hope for family members of patients hospitalized in intensive care units. Methods: This study was conducted for family members of patients hospitalized in the intensive care units of Kurdistan and Tehran provinces, in Iran, between the years 2015-2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238502/profile-of-facial-palsy-in-arar-northern-saudi-arabia
#10
Wasan Lafi Alanazi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Shahad Lafi Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alkhidhr, Mohammed Abdullah Alanazi, Dounia Saleh Alonazi, Atheer Bader Alanzi, Reem Homoud Alshammari, Mashael Jaza Alshammari, Basmah Abdullah Alanazi, Samiyah Sarhan Alanazi
Background: The term facial palsy generally refers to weakness of the facial muscles, mainly resulting from temporary or permanent damage to the facial nerve. Common causes of facial paralysis include infection or inflammation of the facial nerve, head trauma, head or neck tumor, stroke. Objective: To outline the incidence of several etiologies and the profile of patients with peripheral facial paralysis attending the outpatient clinic of the neurology department in Hospitals of Arar City, Saudi Arabia...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238501/the-effect-of-perineal-massage-during-the-second-stage-of-birth-on-nulliparous-women-perineal-a-randomization-clinical-trial
#11
Roonak Shahoei, Farzaneh Zaheri, Lila Hashemi Nasab, Fariba Ranaei
Background: Childbirth and puerperium are of the most important periods in women's lives and can affect different aspects of their lives. Objective: To determine the effect of perineal massage in the second stage of labor on perineal lacerations, episiotomy, and perineal pain in nulliparous women. Methods: This randomization clinical trial was conducted at Be'sat Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran, from 2013 to 2014. A total of 195 nulliparous women were included in the study...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238500/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-on-heart-arrhythmia-prevention-in-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Ghasem Soltani, Saeed Jahanbakhsh, Mohammad Abbasi Tashnizi, Mehdi Fathi, Shahram Amini, Nahid Zirak, Shima Sheybani
Background: Arrhythmia occurring during and after surgery is one of the major complications in open-heart surgery. Dexmedetomidine is an intravenous alpha-2 agonist and very specific short-acting drug to protect the various organs against ischemic injuries and blood reflow. However, the effect of dexmedetomidine for preventing intraoperative heart arrhythmias has not been recognized. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of dexmedetomidine on the incidence rate of heart arrhythmias and anesthetic required in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238499/exploring-perceptions-of-policymakers-about-main-strategies-to-enhance-fertility-rate-a-qualitative-study-in-iran
#13
Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Roya Safari-Faramani, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Reza Dehnavieh, Mahlegha Dehghan
Background: Total fertility rate in Iran has declined unprecedentedly over the past thirty years. However, debating on proper strategies to increase fertility is still a matter of discussion among experts. Objective: To explain the main strategies to increase fertility from the viewpoints of the policy makers. Methods: This is a qualitative study using content analysis. Purposeful sampling approach was used to gather data. The data were collected via semi-structured interviews...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238498/explaining-family-physicians-beliefs-about-antibiotic-prescription
#14
Elham Shokouhi, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh, Marzieh Araban
Background: Antibiotics are among those drugs prescribed abundantly in hospitals due to their high efficiency. However, excessive, non-logical and unnecessary use of antibiotics regardless of physicians' recommendations is considered as a challenge. Objectives: The aim of this study was to explain family physicians' beliefs about antibiotic prescription in Ahvaz. Methods: This study is part of a content-analysis qualitative research conducted in Ahvaz in 2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238497/the-role-of-anxiety-and-depression-on-acceptance-and-action-considering-emotional-schemas-in-diabetics-of-birjand-iran
#15
Elham Imani, Fatemeh Shahabizadeh, Alireza Mahmoodirad
Background: Diabetes is one of the most common noncommunicable diseases around the world that accompanies assorted psychiatric disorders including anxiety and depression due to being chronic. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of anxiety and depression on acceptance and action, considering emotional schemas of diabetics referring to diabetes clinics of health centers in Birjand, Iran. Methods: This study was conducted in 2016 and was a correlational study with a structural equation modeling approach...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238496/lifelong-learning-strategies-in-nursing-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Mojtaba Qanbari Qalehsari, Morteza Khaghanizadeh, Abbas Ebadi
Background: Lifelong learning is an expectation in the professional performance of nurses, which is directly related to the success of students in nursing schools. In spite of the considerable attention paid to this issue, lifelong learning strategies are not fully understood. Objective: The aim of this study was to clarify lifelong learning strategies of nursing students with respect to international experience. Methods: In this systematic review, an extensive investigation was carried out using Persian and English studies in Pub Med, ProQuest, Cochrane, Ovid, Scopus, Web of Science, SID, and Iran Doc using the following keywords: lifelong learning, self-directed learning, lifelong learning model, continuing education, nursing education, and lifelong program...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238495/assessment-of-life-skills-of-medical-students-in-mashhad-iran-in-2015
#17
Arash Akhavan Rezayat, Shabnam Niroumand, Elham Shiehzadeh, Ali Saghebi, Reza Rahimzadeh Oskooie, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
Background: Developing social skills and mental health is a crucial part of the psychosocial health status of medical students. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the life skills of medical students in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS). Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2015. By census method, 146 interns were entered into the study. The life skill questionnaire, consisting of 144 questions, was used as the measurement tool...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238494/prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-relation-with-obesity-in-turaif-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#18
Reem Sebeh Alhazmi, Amer Ahmed Balla Ahmed, Maha Hazzaa Alshalan, Zuhur Dhaher Alfuhigi, Shoroq Faisal Alhazmi, Amjad Naif Aldughmi, Nada Naif Alshammari, Anwar Eid Alruwaili, Ghadah Saleem Alenezi, Taif Shayish Alanazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani
Background: The significant increase in the prevalence of obesity over past decades caused the concomitant rise in the incidence of glucose intolerance and diabetes. Objective: To determine the prevalence of diabetes among Saudi nationals in Turaif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and to examine the association between diabetes and obesity in the studied population. Methods: This study was conducted during the period from May 01 to May 31, 2017. Data was collected from 402 individuals aged between 6-63 years via a predesigned questionnaire covering medical history of diabetes, age and sex...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238493/correlation-of-gerkin-queen-s-college-george-and-jackson-methods-in-estimating-maximal-oxygen-consumption
#19
Payam Heydari, Sakineh Varmazyar, Ali Safari Variani, Fariba Hashemi, Seyed Sajad Ataei
Background and aim: Test of maximal oxygen consumption is the gold standard for measuring cardio-pulmonary fitness. This study aimed to determine correlation of Gerkin, Queen's College, George, and Jackson methods in estimating maximal oxygen consumption, and demographic factors affecting maximal oxygen consumption. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a census of medical emergency students (n=57) in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in 2016...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238492/the-prevalence-of-visual-disorders-in-iranian-students-a-meta-analysis-study-and-systematic-review
#20
Kambiz Keshavarz, Parvin Angha, Fatemeh Sayehmiri, Kourosh Sayemiri, Masood Yasemi
Background: Visual defects have dramatic effects on health, self-esteem, and educational function of students, and delayed diagnosis will cause complications, like academic failure and psychologic disorders. Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of ocular disorders in Iranian students in a systematic review. Methods: We searched databases, including PubMed, SID, Magiran, Google Scholar, and Iranmedex using the following keywords in Persian and English: disorders, vision, amblyopia, refractive errors, astigmatism, student, and Iran with all the possible combinations, important, chief, and sensitive words...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
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