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Electronic Physician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765584/nursing-managers-attitude-toward-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-in-khorasan-razavi-province-hospitals-in-2016
#1
Ali Kavosi, Mina Taghiabadi, Gholamreza Mohammadi, Khadijeh Yazdi, Sara Shirdelzadeh, Hossein Nasiri, Ghanbar Roohi, Alireza Shariati, Hossein Rahmani, Einollah Mollaei, Mohammadreza Aryaeefar
Background and aim: Spiritual care is an important part of nursing practice that seems to provide comprehensive care to patients. Nursing manager's attention to the spiritual dimension is one of the most important aspects affecting human health. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine nursing managers' attitude to spirituality and spiritual care in hospitals in Khorasan Razavi Province in 2016. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 110 management nurses (8 matrons, 37 supervisors and 65 head nurses) of hospitals in Khorasan Razavi Province (2016) were recruited for the study...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765583/effect-of-diet-on-blood-viscosity-in-healthy-humans-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Hamideh Naghedi-Baghdar, Seyed-Mohammad Nazari, Ali Taghipour, Mohsen Nematy, Sadegh Shokri, Mohammad-Reza Mehri, Tahereh Molkara, Roghayeh Javan
Background: Increased whole blood viscosity is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality of several life-threatening diseases, including cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. The effect of diet on human health has been indicated in many studies, and a health dietary pattern can reduce the incidence of several chronic diseases. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of diet on blood viscosity and related parameters such as haematocrit (HCT)...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765582/demographic-determinants-of-obesity-and-adherence-to-dietary-and-physical-activity-guidelines-among-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-behbahan-city-southwest-iran-2016
#3
Elham Nejadsadeghi, Davood Shojaeizadeh, Roya Sadeghi, Fereshteh Majlesi, Abolghassem Djazayeri, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Mahshid Amanat
Background and aim: The world is experiencing an alarming increase in prevalence of childhood obesity. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic determinants of obesity and adherence to dietary and physical activity guidelines among children aged 4 to 6 years old in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, in 2016. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 preschool children aged 4 to 6 years old in Behbahan city, southwest Iran, in 2016. Multi-stage random sampling was done...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765581/the-antimicrobial-activity-of-probiotic-bacteria-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-different-natural-sources-against-hemorrhagic-e-coli-o157-h7
#4
Sahar Karimi, Fatemeh Azizi, Mohammad Nayeb-Aghaee, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Diarrheal diseases have been seen in all geographical areas throughout the world. Therefore, considering treatment, could be deemed a necessary action. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial effect of probiotic bacterial strains isolated from different natural sources against 2 pathotypes of pathogenic E. coli. Methods: This cross-sectional study of Martyr Chamran University of Ahvaz was carried out from December 2013 to July 2014...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765580/predictive-factors-associated-with-mortality-and-discharge-in-intensive-care-units-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Mohammad Ghorbani, Haleh Ghaem, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Zahra Shayan, Farid Zand, Reza Nikandish
Background and aim: Accurate prediction of prognosis of patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) is very important for the clinical management of the patients. The present study aims to identify independent factors affecting death and discharge in ICUs using competing risk modeling. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on enrolling 880 patients admitted to emergency ICU in Namazi hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran during 2013-2015...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765579/antagonistic-effect-of-isolated-probiotic-bacteria-from-natural-sources-against-intestinal-escherichia-coli-pathotypes
#6
Sahar Karimi, Ehsan Rashidian, Mehdi Birjandi, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Probiotics are live microorganisms which are beneficial bacteria that are normal flora of the digestive system which, in determined amounts, show beneficial effects on host health, and can balance gastrointestinal microflora. Digestive tract diseases such as diarrhea are one of the major causes of child mortality in developing countries. Different pathotypes of Escherichia coli cause diarrhea that affects children, therefore reduction of these colonization strains in humans or animals can decline gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765578/lipid-lowering-drugs-statins-and-peripheral-neuropathy
#7
Mohammadreza Emad, Hosein Arjmand, Hamid Reza Farpour, Bahareh Kardeh
Background and aim: Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder with often unknown causes. Some drugs, including statins, are proposed to be among the causes of peripheral neuropathy. This study aimed at evaluating this condition by electrodiagnostic study among patients who had received statins. Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Shiraz, Iran in 2015, and included 39 patients aged 35-55 who had received statins for at least 6 months, and 39 healthy matched controls...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#8
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765576/a-trend-analysis-of-surgical-operations-under-a-global-payment-system-in-tehran-iran-2005-2015
#9
Faranak Behzadi Goudari, Arash Rashidian, Mohammad Arab, Mahmood Mahmoudi, Ebrahim Jaafaripooyan
Background: Global payment system is a first example of per-case payment system that contains 60 commonly used surgical operations for which payment is based on the average cost per case in Iran. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the amount of reduction, increase or no change in the trend of global operations. Methods: In this retrospective longitudinal study, data on the 60 primary global surgery codes was gathered from Tehran Health Insurance Organization within the ten-year period of 2005-2015 separately, for each month...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765575/association-of-serum-testosterone-and-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-control-study
#10
Mahin Lashkari, Akram Noori, Sonia Oveisi, Mohammadreza Kheirkhah
Background: It is supposed that hypoandrogenism may be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAs) levels decrease in body fluids of patients with RA. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the association of serum testosterone and DHEAs with RA. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 59 patients with RA and 61 healthy gender- and age-matched controls at Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran, in 2014...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765574/psychometric-properties-of-self-assessment-clinical-competency-questionnaire-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#11
Batool Nehrir, Abbas Ebadi, Zohreh Vanaki, Jamileh Mokhtari Nouri, Seyed Mohammad Khademolhosseini
Background: One of the main challenges of nursing student education is the lack of clinical competence that reduces the quality of patients care. Measuring the clinical competency of undergraduate nursing students is effective in curriculum developing, planning, and learning evaluation. Objective: To validate self-assessment clinical competence questionnaire of undergraduate nursing students. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study at Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran, 2015-2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765573/the-relationship-between-emotional-intelligence-with-administrators-performance-at-mashhad-university-of-medical-sciences
#12
Tooraj Sadeghi, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Masumeh Saeidi, Habibolah Taghizade Moghaddam, Mohammad Jafari Ghodsi, Rasoul Hoseini
Background: The leadership of an organization requires specific features to adapt to changes and to survive and grow in new environments, and emotional intelligence is one of the most important attributes that can help leaders and managers respond to these changes. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence with administrators' performance at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 basic and middle managers of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran who were selected by census method in 2016...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765572/the-predictors-of-earthquake-preparedness-in-tehran-households
#13
Maryam Ranjbar, Ali Akbar Soleimani, Bahram Saleh Sedghpour, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Douglas Paton, Mehdi Noroozi
Background: The high risk of an earthquake happening and the harmful consequences that it leaves, besides the unsuccessful policies for preparing the community for mitigation, suggested that social factors should be considered more in this regard. Social trust is an influencing factor that can have significant impact on people's behavior. Objective: To determine the relationship of the influencing factors on the preparedness of Tehran households against earthquake...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765571/relationship-between-health-literacy-and-knowledge-among-patients-with-hypertension-in-isfahan-province-iran
#14
Fateme Chajaee, Asiyeh Pirzadeh, Akbar Hasanzadeh, Firoozeh Mostafavi
Background: Hypertension is usually symptomless, and is not seriously attended until it causes some chronic complications. Individuals' skills in understanding and applying information about health subjects may have a substantial impact on patients' behavior and health. Objective: to determine the relationship between health literacy and knowledge among patients with hypertension in Isfahan province, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 700 patients with hypertension selected according to multistage random and quota types in Isfahan province (Iran)...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765570/relationship-between-self-care-behaviors-and-health-literacy-among-elderly-women-in-iran-2015
#15
Mehrsadat Mahdizadeh, Mahnaz Solhi
Background and aim: Self-care is a basic concept in health promotion, regarding the importance of health literacy as a key factor in self-care. This study aimed to identify the relationship between self-care behaviors and health literacy among elderly women in Iran. Methods: This descriptive and analytic study was performed between October and December 2015. A total of 360 participants were selected from elderly women referred to health centers. Data was collected by test of functional health literacy in adults (S-TOFHLA) and a checklist for assessment of self-care behaviors, and health information seeking...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765569/bolton-discrepancy-in-an-iranian-population-and-its-relation-with-maxillary-lateral-incisors-size
#16
Shabnam Ajami, Hamidreza Fattahi, Mahsa Zare, Peyman Jenabi
Background: Bolton's two main ratios describing the proportional size of upper and lower teeth, could contribute to estimating the excess or deficiency of tooth size necessary to obtain an ideal occlusion. However, the mean Bolton values are not the same among different societies. Determining the prevalence of tooth size deviations from population-specific Bolton indices might help local orthodontists to have a more concise treatment plan. Objective: The study aimed to define the prevalence of clinically significant tooth size discrepancies (TSD) in an Iranian population and to evaluate the influence of lateral incisors' size on this discrepancy...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765568/relationship-between-tooth-value-and-skin-color-in-patients-visiting-royal-medical-services-clinics-of-jordan
#17
Hind Fahed Al-Nsour, Tamara Trad Al-Zoubi, Ali Salaheddin Al-Rimawi
Background: Facial and dental aesthetics are becoming of great concern for patients, especially for the younger generation. Tooth color matching and selection is considered a vital element in order to create an attractive beautiful smile. The importance of tooth color matching is to adjust tooth colors to obtain a good match with adjacent teeth and the skin. This is considered a challenge especially if adjacent teeth were lost or records of patients' teeth color were not available. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between skin complexion and tooth value in a Jordanian population...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765567/effects-of-multimodal-communication-program-on-patients-with-chronic-aphasia-a-single-subject-a-b-a-design-study
#18
Shohre Kaviani, Afshin Samaei, Masoomeh Salmani, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Farnaz Dehnavi, Ehsan Shahverdi
Background and aim: Aphasia as a common consequence of stroke, is an acquired neurologic communication disorder that can affect symbol language processing. Different types of intervention approaches have been introduced. Multimodal Communication Program (MCP) is a new augmentative alternative communication approach in chronic aphasia. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of MCP on communication skills of patients with chronic aphasia. Methods: This prospective, single subject, A-B-A design study was done during 2016 in Semnan, Iran...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765566/efficacy-of-combination-of-viola-odorata-rosa-damascena-and-coriandrum-sativum-in-prevention-of-migraine-attacks-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#19
Mohadese Kamali, Rostam Seifadini, Hoda Kamali, Mitra Mehrabani, Yunes Jahani, Haleh Tajadini
Background: Migraine is the second most common type of headache after tension headaches. In Iranian traditional medicine several herbal drugs are used for the treatment of headache. Including, a product of Iranian traditional medicine, a combination of Viola odorata L. flowers, Rosa damascena L. flowers and Coriandrum sativum L. fruits. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a combination of Viola odorata flowers, Rosa damascene flowers and Coriandrum sativum fruits on severity, duration and frequency of migraine headaches...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765565/the-rediscovery-of-the-social-side-of-medicine-philosophy-and-value-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#20
EDITORIAL
Wolfgang Seger
Medicine is at risk of sliding into a sole repair service for the malfunction of organs. But the patients' hope and confidence towards doctors practicing this repair work go far beyond that: after acute medical treatment many patients suffer from chronic impairments due to the natural course of the disease or as a result of medical interventions. Despite resulting handicaps, patients aim at participating in family and social life, retaining a workplace and receiving support to remain a valued member of the family and the community...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
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