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Electronic Physician

Hamideh Yazdi Moghaddam, Alireza Pouresmaeili, Zahra Sadat Manzari
Background: Nurses in intensive care units (ICU) play a key role in taking care of brain dead patients and they are often in contact with such patients given the high rate of brain deaths. Consequently, they are in a challenging and stressful condition, which may be aggravated due to the need for increased organ donation, and this may also affect the quality of care provided for these patients. Objective: This review analyzes the different studies on the concept of brain death from both medical and legal points of view...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Zahra Sadat Dibaji Forooshani, Jalal Arabloo
Introduction: Since nurses work in various wards, job satisfaction evaluation and work-family conflict investigation among them regarding the ward they work in is highly crucial, because on one hand, there are ample requests for changes in wards, shifts, hospitals, and even job abandonment, and on the other hand, family conflicts and clashes have increased among nurses. Methods: This correlational research was conducted on 280 nurses who worked in special and general wards of state hospitals in Tehran in 2015...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Leila Taravatmanesh, Seyyed Mohsen Mortazavi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Mojtaba Shirbeygi Poor, Arezoo Saeedifar, Farzaneh Zolala
Introduction: Injury is recognized as a major health problem in most high and low-income countries. Rafsanjan is considered as one of the accident-prone areas in Kerman province. Objective: To study the epidemiology of traffic accidents in the Rafsanjan city. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted, by using the data from the Emergency Department (ED) of Aliebn Abitaleb Hospital in Rafsanjan city. The population included all people who had had a traffic accident in the city of Rafsanjan from March 21, 2014 through February 18, 2015...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Nesa Noghan, Arash Akaberi, Sepideh Pournamdarian, Elham Borujerdi, Sima Sadat Hejazi
Background: The relationship between resilience, one of the important issues in mental health, and therapeutic regimen compliance, the key in the successful management of chronic disease such as chronic kidney disease, is unclear. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between resilience and therapeutic regimen compliance in ESRD patients, undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 107 hemodialysis patients referred to Besat and Shahid Beheshti Hospitals of Hamedan, Iran were selected through systematic sampling method from January to April 2013...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Zahra Atarodi-Kashani, Nourossadat Kariman, Abbas Ebadi, Hamid Alavai Majd, Nahid Beladi-Moghadam, Omid Hesami
Background and aim: Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder in pregnancy, which is associated with increased maternal and fetal adverse outcomes. This study aimed to explore the reproductive healthcare needs of women with epilepsy before, during and after childbirth. Methods: This was a qualitative study using a content analysis method. The study population was marital women with epilepsy in reproductive age (15-45 years) referred to Imam Hossein Hospital, Tehran, Iran...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Masoumeh Shohani, Mahboobeh Rasouli
Background and aim: Health risk behaviors are major and threatening problems of societies. The aim of this study was to determine and compare health behaviors among students of Iranian medical and human sciences universities. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 570 senior medical and human sciences students of Ilam universities (Ilam, Iran) were selected during the period between October 2015 and October 2016, using the stratified random sampling method. The research tool was the self-assessment health questionnaire which consists of personal information, understanding the concept of health and health behaviors...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Hamid Moghaddasi, Ali Mohammadpour, Hamid Bouraghi, Amirabbas Azizi, Hamzeh Mazaherilaghab
Background and aim: Since hospital information systems (HISs) are among the most important information systems in the health sector, the present study aimed to shed light upon the situation of HISs in selected countries of the Persian Gulf region to reflect national strategies and activities in the case of HISs. Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, the information about HISs status of the selected countries of the Persian Gulf region were obtained through approaches including review of national and international resources...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Hesamedin Askari Majdabadi, Mehdi Kahouei, Soghra Taslimi, Mahnanz Langari
Background: Despite the increasing demands for blood and its products, some people, especially the youth, have little interest in donating blood. Objective: This study aimed to assess the university students' awareness of and attitude towards blood donation. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a descriptive analytical approach was used to examine awareness of and attitude towards blood donation among students in Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Maasoumeh Mangeli, Batool Tirgari, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Masoud Rayyani
Background: Early motherhood is one of the most important issues in developing countries. Adolescent mothers are not sufficiently prepared to accept the maternal role. How to achieve success in the maternal role should be studied. Objective: To explore the experiences of Iranian adolescent mothers about the maternal role. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted through a conventional content analysis approach from March to December 2016...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Naser Lotfi Fatemi, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Abbas Heydari
Background: Professionalism is one of the basic concepts of home care nursing, as a growing model of community-based nursing. This phenomenon results from the nurse-patient interaction in home and community environments with multiple dimensions. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the professional experiences of home care nurses in Iran. Methods: In this study, the qualitative content analysis method was used based on the 2004 Graneheim & Lundman approach...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Mehdi Kahouei, Ali Mohammadi, Javad Zarei, Nasrollah Nasr Heidarabadi, Ali Valinejadi
Background: People with poor health literacy are those who have less knowledge about disease management and health promotion behaviors, and generally have poorer health status. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of qualitative components of the health website of Semnan University of Medical Sciences on the students' health literacy. Methods: This study was performed on 529 medical and allied health students in schools affiliated to Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2016-2017...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Somayyeh Abbasabad Arab, Mohammad Reza Nikravesh, Mahdi Jalali, AliReza Fazel
Background: Malathion is one of organophosphate pesticides that is extensively used in farming and crops to control pests. Malathion induces oxidative stress in the various tissues such as the reproductive system. Objective: To determine the effects of malathion on malondialdehyde (MDA) level and glutathione (GSH) content in female rat ovary tissue as well as to assess the protective role of Ascorbic Acid. Methods: This study was carried out at the Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology (School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran) in 2015...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Reham Ezz El-Dawla El-Sharkawy, Wafaa Mohamed Abd-Elmaged, Doaa Anwar Ahmed, Sahar Abo El-Fetoh Abdel-Wahed
Background: Chronic urticaria (CU) is a debilitating disorder with variable clinical course. It is characterized by hives occurring for at least 6 weeks, and is classified as spontaneous or inducible. Objective: The aim of this study was to detect the pattern of CU, to study association between results of autologous serum skin test (ASST) and urticaria severity score (USS), and to detect serum levels of anti IgE receptors antibodies. Methods: This study included all patients attending the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic, Sohag University Hospital, who were diagnosed as CU from April 2015 to March 2016...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Ramin Khameneh Bagheri, Mostafa Ahmadi, Hedyeh Alimi, Laya Valaee, Toktam Sahranavard, Mohammad Sobhan Sheikh Andalibi
Background: Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is a non-invasive technique to detect coronary artery diseases (CAD). There are limited studies on evaluation of the right ventricular function by stress echocardiography. The appropriate evaluation of RV function and early diagnosis of its failure can help to improve outcomes for the patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Objective: To determine right ventricular dysfunction in patients with three-vessel CAD by using DSE...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Amr Mounir, Mohamed Gamal Elghobaier, Abdelrahim Abdrabou Sadek, Amr Ahmed Othman
Self-inflicted eye trauma is a serious form of self-harm as it may lead to irreversible visual disability. Diagnosing self-inflicted ocular injuries, in all its forms, can be quite challenging. In this report, we are presenting a 5-year-old girl presented to Sohag University Outpatient Clinic with a history of repeated attacks of bilateral eye redness with blood-tinged strands removed from her eyes. After ocular examination, inferior bulbar conjunctival injection with blood-tinged strands were found. After careful examination of the strands, it was discovered that they were actual threads of cloth due to self-inflicted eye injury...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Shokoufeh Aalaei, Shahram Amini, Mohammad Reza Keramati, Hamed Tabesh, Zhila Taherzadeh, Sanaz Khoshrounezhad, Farnaz Khoshrounezhad, Hadi Shahraki, Ameen Abu-Hanna, Saeid Eslami
Background: The limited supply of red blood cells (RBCs) for transfusion has clinical implications, and can lead to the introduction of different approaches in decreasing blood wastage and the safe and effective delivery of blood products. Objective: To identify the influences of feedback-based intervention on inappropriate temperatures during transportation and storage of blood bags. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design with a non-equivalent control group that was carried out on 200 RBC...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Behnaz Souizi, Forough Mortazavi, Sima Haeri, Fateme Borzoee
Background: Cervical ripening plays an important role in successful labor induction. Objective: This study aimed to compare the effects of misoprostol, laminaria tent, and isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) on cervical ripening. Methods: This double-blind three-armed clinical trial was conducted at Shahidan Mombini Teaching Hospital in Sabzevar, Iran, in 2016 on 96 singleton term pregnant women. Participants were randomly allocated to receive either two 20-mg ISDN tablets vaginally every 4 hours for a maximum of three doses or 25 mcg misoprostol vaginally every 6 hours for a maximum of two doses or laminaria tent for a maximum of 12 hours...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Mahmood Dehghani, Azadeh Delbar Saf, Asghar Vosoughi, Giti Tebbenouri, Hadi Ghazanfari Zarnagh
Background: Improving sports performance and reducing anxiety is one of the most important goals of athletes. Recurrence of symptoms and treatment cessation are common problems with common interventions. Approaches based on mindfulness-acceptance-commitment (MAC) can be a response to these limitations. Objective: The main purpose of the present study was to determine effectiveness of the mindfulness-acceptance-commitment-based approach to athletic performance enhancement and sports competition anxiety in students who have had athletic experience for 3 to 5 years...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Soroosh Soltani, Dariush Zohoori, Mojtaba Adineh
Background: Today, it is considered that infants can feel pain, and it can have several adverse effects on their development. Although different interventions, such as skin-to-skin contact (kangaroo mother care method), glucose solutions, breastfeeding, and local anesthetic agents, have been evaluated to reduce infants' pain, there is no clinical trial available to identify the best method. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of four methods of relieving infants' pain, i...
May 2018: Electronic Physician
Mehrdad Khatami, Fatemeh Golshan Noor, Saeed Ahmadi, Mohammadreza Aflatoonian
Background and aim: In recent years, the field of nanotechnology has become the most active area of research in modern material science. While many chemical- as well as physical methods are also used, green synthesis of nanoparticles is becoming the most evolved method of synthesis. In this study, we synthesized silver nanoparticles from the seed extract of Salicornia bigelovii. Methods: This experimental study was conducted from December 2017 to January 2018 in Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran...
April 2018: Electronic Physician
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