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Electronic Physician

Fataneh Goodarzi, Shakiba Zahed, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Mahmood Nasr Esfahani, Mojgan Nourian, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
Background: Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders which are rapidly increasing. Distance training is a cost-effective, easy and accessible way in which time and place dimensions of communication are removed. Objective: To determine the effects of mobile text messages on raising knowledge of men with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This educational experiment recruited 76 people selected by convenient sampling from a population of male patients with type 2 diabetes presenting to Sedigheh Tahereh Research Center in Isfahan, Iran, in 2015...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Manaporn Chatchumni, Ampaporn Namvongprom, Henrik Eriksson, Monir Mazaheri
Background: Studies reporting inadequate nursing care for patients indicate that nurses are negatively affected in such situations, and research is needed to study nursing care in postoperative situations. Objective: To describe situations of postoperative pain management in a surgical ward in Thailand. Methods: A qualitative approach using the Critical Incident Technique was chosen to investigate situations of postoperative pain management from the perspective of surgical nurses in Thailand...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Tarek Ashour, Youssif Khachaba, Ahmed El Naggar
Reduction mammaplasty in huge breasts poses a great challenge for plastic surgeons. The classic technique is free nipple and areola grafting after breast amputation. This paper is a short technical report of reduction mammoplasty on 40 patients with severe breast ptosis (suprasternal notch to nipple >35 cm) and giganticomastia (anticipated resection of more than 1 kg per breast) were operated upon using superomedial pedicle technique for reduction mammaplasty. All patients were satisfied with their results aesthetically, and showed relief in their neck pain...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Manal Saeed Alanazi, Sabry Mohamed Hammad, Amal Elwan Mohamed
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common heath problem affecting adolescents with considerable impact on their quality of life. Objective: To determine the prevalence of Acne vulgaris and its psychological impact among female secondary school students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the period from January to March 2018, among all female secondary school students in 3 randomly selected schools, in Arar city (Saudi Arabia)...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Bashayer Reda Alenazi, Sabry Mohamed Hammad, Amal Elwan Mohamed
Background: Influenza outbreaks occur annually and have significant ramifications on the wellbeing of the population. Influenza is given high priority in Saudi Arabia where numerous reports of different types of influenza outbreaks have occurred in recent years. Objective: The study aimed to determine the prevalence of influenza vaccination among healthcare providers. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional design, and data was collected using a predesigned questionnaire which was validated by a panel of experts and tested for reliability (Cronbach's alpha =0...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Hamideh Yazdi Moghaddam, Zahra Sadat Manzari, Abbas Heydari, Eesa Mohammadi
Background: Caring for patients with brain death diagnosis is the heaviest of duties for nurses, and, due to the complexities and stressors, it is the biggest challenge of nursing in an intensive care unit. Objective: This qualitative research aimed to disclose the nurses' experience of caring for brain-dead patients. Methods: The present study was a qualitative research using a content analysis, where the data collection process included 21 semi-structured and in-depth interviews with intensive care nurses, physicians, head nurses, a transplantation committee coordinator, and the authority of the organ procurement unit...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Reza Rabiei, Hamid Moghaddasi, Farkhondeh Asadi, Maryam Heydari
Background: The field of medicine has been influenced by the growth and development of information systems such as the Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) System. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the usability of CPOE systems for electronic prescription in Tehran, Iran. Methods: This was an evaluation study conducted in 2017. The research population consisted of the CPOE systems used in hospitals of Tehran (Iran) and nurses who had access to, and used, the CPOE systems...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Zahra Pourmovahed, Hassan Zareei Mahmoodabadi, Seyed Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Hossein Tavangar, Seyed Saied Mazloomy Mahmoodabad
Background: Marital conflicts and divorce are among the most crucial problems of society. Therefore, it is important to maintain family stability at the optimal level in order to prevent divorce and its consequences in the family and community. Objective: This study was conducted to design and validate the Family Stability Questionnaire (FSQ) in married couples. Methods: This study was the second stage of a large study. The FSQ was constructed based on a qualitative research in our previous study in 2016...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Alaa Nabil Turkistani, Foziah Jabbar Alshamrani, Ghadah Faisal Shareefi, Abdulla Alsulaiman
Introduction: Tumefactive multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disorder that appears tumor-like on MRI. To most physicians, diagnosing tumefactive MS by applying clinical, radiological, or laboratory examination like Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, can be challenging and ultimately biopsy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Case presentation: This paper reports a case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with progressive headache and a strong family history of cancer and was misdiagnosed as having a CNS glioma...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Vishnu Vardhan Garla, Manasa Gunturu, Karthik Reddy Kovvuru, Sohail Abdul Salim
Introduction: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a rare and potentially lethal complication of hyperthyroidism. It is characterized by sudden onset paralysis associated with hypokalemia. Management includes prompt normalization of potassium, which results in resolution of the paralysis. Definitive treatment of hyperthyroidism resolves TPP completely. Case presentation: A 23-year-old African American male patient presented to the emergency room at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, USA in November 2016 with sudden onset quadriplegia...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Zeinab Shateri Amiri, Mohammad Khajedaluee, Abdolrahim Rezaii, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
Background and aim: Cardiovascular diseases are a problem in low- and middle-income countries, such as Iran. The present research was performed to identify risk factors contributing to cardiovascular diseases and their distributions among the adult population of Mashhad (Iran) using the Framingham criteria. Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study performed in 2015 on 2,976 adults living in Mashhad (Iran) using Stratified cluster-random sampling method...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Asieh Zarvasi, Ali Ansari Jaberi, Tayebeh Negahban Bonabi, Mahnaz Tashakori
Background: Uncontrolled symptoms of diabetes can lead to irreparable damage to vital organs. Despite the global trend towards the use of complementary alternative therapies, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of self-acupressure in diabetes patients. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of self-acupressure on FBS and insulin level in type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: This randomized clinical trial was performed from September 2016 to February 2017...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Parviz Padisar, Roya Hashemi, Mohammadreza Naseh, Bahareh Abde Nikfarjam, Mahdi Mohammadi
Background: Orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) is based on induction of periodontal tissue remodeling. Mechanical tooth stimulation results in the release of pro-inflammatory mediators. These mediators cause bone resorption and deposition at the pressure and tension sites and play a role in OTM. Thus, assessment of chemical biomarkers can help determine the exact amount of load and its duration of application required for each tooth and select the most efficient treatment plan with minimal complications...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Jalil Nejati, Abedin Saghafipour, Javad Rafinejad, Ehsan Mozaffari, Amir Keyhani, Ali Abolhasani, Amir Tavakoli Kareshk
Background: Scorpions are usually defined as predatory arachnids having venomous and painful stings. Scorpionism is considered as one of the health and medical problems in undeveloped tropical and subtropical countries in the world that endangers thousands of people annually. Objective: This study was done for identification of scorpion fauna and scorpionism location in a high-risk area in southwest of Iran. Methods: This study was carried out in Andimeshk district located in Khuzestan province which has the highest frequency of scorpionism in Iran...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
Fariba Shahraki-Sanavi, Fatemeh Rakhshani, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Mahdi Mohammadi
Background: Investing in adolescent health is one of the most important interventions in the health system. Accordingly, health-promoting schools organize their policies, methods, infrastructures, and activities towards protecting and promoting the health and well-being of the students, teachers, directors, authorities and society as a whole. Objective: To study the health policies of schools in the southeast of Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on all governmental high schools (113 schools) which were enrolled by census sampling method in January 2017, in Zahedan, in the southeast of Iran...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
Monir Baradaran Eftekhari, Arash Mirabzadeh, Katayoun Falahat, Homeira Sajjadi, Meroe Vameghi, Gholamreza Ghaedamini Harouni
Background: Positive Mental Health (PMH) enables people to cope with the common stresses of life and adversity to achieve their full potential and humanity. In many communities, promoting PMH via prioritized interventions has been considered as a key component of public health policies to optimize mental well-being. Objective: To set the priorities of interventional programs of Iranian PMH promotion according to the World Health Organization (WHO) Priority Public Health Condition (PPHC) analytical framework...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
Mehrdad Salari, Mohammad Reza Sasani, Mansoor Masjedi, Anahita Pourali, Sedigheh Aghazadeh
Background: The central veins' catheterization, required in critically ill patients, is more successful in larger veins. Some researchers hypothesized that hand preference might be associated with larger ipsi/contra central veins. Objective: To determine the diameter and depth of internal jugular and subclavian veins on both sides and its association with left- or right-handedness. Methods: This cross-sectional study, was conducted on patients referring for elective breast or thyroid check-up to Shahid Faghihi Hospital ultrasound unit, Shiraz, Iran, from September 2014 to May 2015...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
Zahra Marzieh Hassanian, Khodayar Oshvandi
Background: The educational environment is an essential component of student learning. Study of the educational environment is crucial to provision of a learning quality, student-centered program for nursing and midwifery fields. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the associations between baccalaureate nursing and midwifery students' perceptions of educational environment (SPEE) and grade point average (GPA), and comparison between students of nursing and midwifery field...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
Amir Akhavan Rezayat, Najmeh Shahini, Hamid Toofani Asl, Lida Jarahi, Fatemeh Behdani, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Javad Sadeghi Allah Abadi
Background: Empathy is one of the essential components of physician-patient relationship that has a significant effect on treatment outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the empathy score among medical students in Mashhad, Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study in 2015, 624 medical students at Mashhad University of Medical Science (Iran) completed the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE). Data were analyzed by SPSS ver...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
Hossein Rezaei-Dalouei, Farrokh Seilanian-Toosi, Sirous Nekooei, Behrouz Davachi, Azita Azarian, Bita Abbasi
Background: Increased subcutaneous fat thickness and depth of target organs in over-obese patients, results in weak signals and inadequate images. Tissue harmonic imaging has been used widely in obese patients and is believed to result in higher quality images. This superiority is not proved in modern machines with improved image quality in conventional mode. Objective: To compare the image quality between conventional and tissue harmonic ultrasound images. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out from March 2015 to June 2016...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
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