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Electronic Physician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713522/the-effect-of-motivational-interviewing-based-intervention-using-self-determination-theory-on-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-women-in-reproductive-age-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Nooshin Rouhani Tonekaboni, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Tahereh Kamalikhah
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) prevents chronic diseases. Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a useful framework to understand the nature of motivational interviewing (MI). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of MI-based intervention using SDT on the promotion of PA among women in reproductive age. METHODS: Seventy women in reproductive age were selected by clustering sampling method for this randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713521/nurses-views-on-accepting-the-creation-of-a-nurses-health-monitoring-system
#2
Nasrin Rasoulzadeh, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Reza Zaefarian, Fariba Khounraz
BACKGROUND: Nurses' health is often accompanied by various dangers due to the nature of their career. Therefore, it is required to monitor their health. Based on designing any system, users' views should be investigated relative to the usefulness, necessity and acceptance of the system. Then, a designing and implementing process is conducted. OBJECTIVE: To investigate nurses' views on accepting the creation of a Nurses' Health Monitoring System. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713520/decisional-balance-and-self-efficacy-of-physical-activity-among-the-elderly-in-rasht-in-2013-based-on-the-transtheoretical-model
#3
Seddigheh Abbaspour, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Fateme Njafi, Arezoo Mohamadkhani Ghiasvand, Leila Dehghankar
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has been considered as health promotion, and identifying different effective psycho-social variables on physical has proven to be essential. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relationship between decisional balance and self-efficacy in physical activities using the transtheoretical model in the members of a retirement center in Rasht, Guillen. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 by using convenient sampling on 262 elderly people who are the members of retirement centers in Rasht...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713519/common-solvents-for-making-extraction-of-allergenic-proteins-from-plants-pollens-for-prick-tests-and-related-factors-a-technical-review
#4
REVIEW
Hassan Mansouritorghabeh, Farahzad Jabbari-Azad, Abdolreza Varasteh, Mojtaba Sankian, Reza Farid-Hosseini
Collecting information on influencing factors in developing consistent and high-quality extracts results in accurate diagnosis and effective treatment of type I allergy (IgE mediated). Furthermore, considering that a large number of allergens are currently in practice, any attempt to develop a more effective procedure for preparing extract may be useful. Nowadays, different saline solvents, temperature, incubation time, and PH are being incorporated for preparing allergen extracts. The objective of the current study was to clear and address the commonest of solvent buffers and allied conditions for making extracts of pollens of grasses, trees, and weeds...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713518/examining-non-structural-retrofitting-status-of-teaching-hospitals-in-kerman-against-disasters
#5
Mahmood Nekooi Moghadam, Seyed Mobin Moradi, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Continuous services provision of a hospital before and after a disaster is one of the most prominent issues that all people, especially the authorities must take into huge consideration. Concerning the experiences of previous earthquakes, the role and importance of nonstructural components becomes increasingly clear in the uninterrupted services of hospitals. In this study, non-structural retrofitting status of Kerman teaching hospitals was evaluated against natural disasters...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713517/developing-the-concept-of-caring-in-nursing-education
#6
Maryam Salehian, Abbas Heydari, Hossein Karimi Moonaghi, Nahid Aghebati
BACKGROUND: Caring is a value-based concept in the nursing field and in education. Exact understanding of caring in education and developing this concept in nursing will result in the evolution of the position of nursing science and profession. AIM: The aim of this study was to attempt to develop the concept of caring in nursing education. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in 2016 using directed content analysis. Participants were thirteen subjects (6 instructors and 7 senior and junior nursing students) who were selected using purposeful sampling method...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713516/sequential-compression-pump-effect-on-hypotension-due-to-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-a-double-blind-clinical-trial
#7
Fatemeh Javaherforoosh Zadeh, Mostafa Alqozat, Reza Akhond Zadeh
BACKGROUND: Spinal anesthesia (SA) is a standard technique for cesarean section. Hypotension presents an incident of 80-85% after SA in pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intermittent pneumatic compression of lower limbs on declining spinal anesthesia induced hypotension during cesarean section. METHODS: This double-blind clinical prospective study was conducted on 76 non-laboring parturient patients, aged 18-45 years, with the American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I or II who were scheduled for elective cesarean section at Razi Hospital, Ahvaz, Iran from December 21, 2015 to January 20, 2016...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713515/effectiveness-of-methylphenidate-and-pufa-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-adhd-a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Mahbobeh Firouzkouhi Moghaddam, Maryam Shamekhi, Tayebeh Rakhshani
BACKGROUND: In some children with ADHD, sub-optimal levels of various nutrients including PUFA especially omega-3 has been observed, and contradictory reports exist on the results of studies conducted on the positive therapeutic effects of PUFA in patients with ADHD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of methylphenidate and PUFA on treatment of patients with ADHD in Zahedan, Iran. METHODS: In this clinical trial, 40 children between 6 and 12 years of age with ADHD were investigated in Zahedan in 2014...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713514/detection-of-eight-foodborne-bacterial-pathogens-by-oligonucleotide-array-hybridization
#9
Zohreh Nasrabadi, Reza Ranjbar, Fatemeh Poorali, Meysam Sarshar
BACKGROUND: Simultaneous and rapid detection of multiple foodborne bacterial pathogens is important for the prevention of foodborne illnesses. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of 16S rDNA and 23S rDNA sequences as targets for simultaneous detection of eight foodborne bacterial pathogens. METHODS: Nineteen bacterial oligonucleotide probes were synthesized and applied to nylon membranes. Digoxygenin labeled 16S rDNA and 23S rDNA from bacteria were amplified by PCR using universal primers, and the amplicons were hybridized to the membrane array...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713513/the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-group-b-streptococcus-colonization-in-iranian-pregnant-women
#10
Roksana Darabi, Sima Tadi, Mitra Mohit, Erfan Sadeghi, Gita Hatamizadeh, Bahareh Kardeh, Mina Etminan-Bakhsh, Yekta Parsa
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a leading cause of serious neonatal infections. Although great progress has been made in preventing prenatal GBS, its colonization rate in different regions of Iran remains unknown. AIM: To determine GBS colonization prevalence and its risk factors among Iranian pregnant women. METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study was performed on 186 pregnant women, who attended Boo-Ali hospital which is affiliated with Islamic Azad University in Tehran, Iran, from March 2014 to June 2015...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713512/laboratory-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-unfilled-resin-after-the-use-of-self-etch-and-total-etch-dentin-adhesives-on-the-shear-bond-strength-of-composite-to-dentin
#11
Ehsan Baradaran Nasseri, Sara Majidinia, Davood Aghasizadeh Sharbaf
BACKGROUND: Based on the frequent application of composite resins as tooth-colored fillings, this method is considered a viable alternative to dental amalgam. However, this method has the low bond strength of the composite to dentin. To solve this issue, various dental adhesive systems with different characteristics have been developed by dentistry experts. AIM: To assess the effect of an additional layer of unfilled resin in self-etch and total-etch dentin adhesives on the shear bond strength (SBS) of composite to dentin...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713511/accuracy-of-densitometry-of-two-cone-beam-computed-tomography-equipment-in-comparison-with-computed-tomography
#12
Sina Haghanifar, Sajad Yousefi, Ehsan Moudi, Farida Abesi, Ali Bijani, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Mehrdad Nabahati
BACKGROUND: The use of oral implants has been growing, and cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) has become the method of choice for oral and maxillofacial radiology. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of bone densitometry in two different CBCT devices in comparison with MDCT (multi-detector CT). METHODS: Different concentrations of urografin, including 2.5%, 5%, 7.5%, 10%, 12.5%, were prepared, and the Hounsfield unit of these solution was measured by two CBCT devices (SORDEX CRANEX 3D and NEWTOM 5G) and one spiral CT device (SOMATOM SENSATION)...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713510/color-doppler-indices-of-proximal-and-distal-parts-of-middle-cerebral-artery-in-fetuses-with-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#13
Farhad Naleini, Mohammad Farzizadeh, Abdolmajid Taheri, Ayoob Rostamzadeh, Daryoush Fatehi
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a major clinical issue for pregnant women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate color Doppler indices of the proximal and distal parts of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) of the fetus. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 350 pregnant patients, with gestation age of 32-40 who were suspected to have intrauterine growth restriction, participated. The patients were referred for color Doppler sonography at the Imam Reza Hospital (Kermanshah, Iran) from May 2011 to September 2012...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713509/mechanical-ventilation-practice-in-egyptian-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#14
Bassant Salah Meligy, Sally Kamal, Seham Awad El Sherbini
INTRODUCTION: Mechanical ventilation is one of the indispensable tools in pediatric intensive care units. Few studies addressed the epidemiology of pediatric patients on mechanical ventilation and the frequently used modes of ventilation. This is the first study to describe the practice of mechanical ventilation (MV) in Egyptian pediatric intensive care units (PICUs). METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted from January 2014 to December 2014 in two pediatric intensive care units at Cairo University Pediatric Hospital...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713508/presence-and-seasonal-variation-of-trihalomethanes-thms-levels-in-drinking-tap-water-in-mostaganem-province-in-northwest-algeria
#15
Benhamimed El-Attafia, Moulessehoul Soraya
BACKGROUND: The use of chlorine to disinfect water, produces various disinfection byproducts such as trihalomethanes (THMs). These compounds are formed when free available chlorine reacts with natural organic matter in raw water during water disinfection. Epidemiologic studies have shown an association between long-term exposure to THMs and an increased risk of cancer, all of them are suspected of having carcinogenic effects. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the presence of THMs in the drinking tap water of Mostaganem Province (Algeria) in order to assess the seasonal variation in trihalomethane levels in tap water and to identify the season of high risk to the consumer...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713507/multi-arrhythmias-detection-with-an-xml-rule-based-system-from-12-lead-electrocardiogram
#16
Abdeldjalil Khelassi, Sarra-Nassira Yelles-Chaouche, Faiza Benais
BACKGROUND: The computer-aided detection of cardiac arrhythmias stills a crucial application in medical technologies. The rule based systems RBS ensure a high level of transparency and interpretability of the obtained results. AIM: To facilitate the diagnosis of the cardiologists and to reduce the uncertainty made in this diagnosis. METHODS: In this research article, we have realized a classification and automatic recognition of cardiac arrhythmias, by using XML rules that represent the cardiologist knowledge...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713506/women-s-perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-challenges-in-the-process-of-male-infertility-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#17
Ali Taghipour, Fatemeh Zahra Karimi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Seyed Ali Kimiaei, Seyed Reza Mazlom, Maliheh Amirian
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that both men and women are equally subject to infertility, it is usually women who bear the burden of treatment and its consequences, even in cases of male infertility. Therefore, it is more necessary to recognize their health problems in order to help them. AIM: To explore women's perceptions and experiences of the challenges they face in the process of male infertility treatment. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted during 2014-2015 using content analysis...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713505/risk-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-neck-and-shoulder-in-the-personnel-of-kerman-university-of-medical-sciences
#18
Farzan Madadizadeh, Leila Vali, Sima Rafiei, Zahra Akbarnejad
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) of the neck and shoulder are the most common and most influential factors causing disorder in the performance and absenteeism of work in administrative personnel. AIM: To identify risk factors which affect musculoskeletal disorders of neck and shoulder areas in headquarters staff of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 282 headquarters personnel of Kerman University of Medical Sciences (Kerman, Iran)...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713504/strategic-thinking-and-its-related-factors-in-a-medical-science-university-in-iran
#19
Sedigheh Salavati, Effat Jahanbani Veshareh, Hossein Safari, Amir Veysian, Ghanbar Amirnezhad
BACKGROUND: Having strategic thinking is necessary in order to anticipate future changes and make strategic decisions. This study was carried out to assess the strategic thinking level in managers and personnel of Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Science (AJUMS) - a public university in Iran. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional and analytical study and all managers (50) as well as a sample of personnel (200) from AJUMS participated in it. A researcher-made questionnaire was used in order to measure four dimensions of strategic thinking, including system thinking, futurism, conceptual thinking, and intelligent opportunism along with demographic and organizational characteristics of respondents...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713503/drinking-water-in-traditional-persian-medicine-do-s-and-don-ts
#20
Majid Nimrouzi, Babak Daneshfard
Water is the main component of our body and its balance is vital for maintaining normal physiology. Accordingly, adequate fluid intake in the daily diet is very important for a healthy life. Nevertheless, there is a controversy about what the suitable amount of water that we need to drink is. In this paper, we aimed to discuss this important issue based on the doctrine of traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and our clinical experience in a practical manner.
May 2017: Electronic Physician
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