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Electronic Physician

Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Mino Movahedi
INTRODUCTION: Vitex agnus-castus, also called vitex is aboriginal to the Mediterranean region, with long leaves, tender stem, flowers and ripening seeds. The aim of this study was to overview premenstrual, postmenstrual and infertility disorder of Vitex agnus-castus. METHODS: This review article was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases. The initial search strategy identified about 87 references. In this study, 43 studies were accepted for further screening, and met all our inclusion criteria (in English, full text, therapeutic effects of Vitex agnus-castus and dated mainly from the year 2009 to 2016)...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Arezoo Mohamadkhani Ghiasvand, Manijeh Naderi, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Farzane Ahmadi, Meimanat Hosseini
INTRODUCTION: Time management skills are essential for nursing students' success, and development of clinical competence. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between time management skills and anxiety and academic motivation of nursing students in Tehran medical sciences universities in 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 441 nursing students in three medical universities in Tehran. Random stratified sampling was done to select the samples...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Faried Mohammed Wagdy, Mohammed Eid Ismael, Abd Elrahman Elsebaey Sarhan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of displacement surgery in damping of ocular oscillation and management of compensatory head posture in patients of congenital nystagmus. METHODS: This study was carried out in 2014. The participants were 50 patients with congenital nystagmus that dampens in a certain direction of gaze with or without abnormal head posture and with or without strabismus. Patients underwent the augmented modified Kestenbaum (augmented parks) procedure...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Faried Mohammed Wagdy
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of canaloplasty versus viscocanalostomy in management of uncontrolled primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) with medication. METHODS: Canaloplasty surgery was applied for thirty eyes of thirty patients (45-55 years) with a mean age of 48 years (Group A) and viscocanalostomy surgery was applied also for thirty eyes of thirty patients (43-54 years) with a mean age of 46 years (group B). All patients were with uncontrolled primary open angle glaucoma by maximally tolerated medical therapy...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Faezeh Norouzinezhad, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Ahmad Raeisi, Abbas Norouzinejad, Farzad Kaveh
INTRODUCTION: Malaria is one of the foremost public health concerns in Iran, where more than 90% of malaria cases are reported in the southern and south-eastern areas of the country. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological trends of malaria over a four-year period in in the Sistan and Baluchistan province in south east of Iran. METHODS: This descriptive epidemiological study examined malaria trends in Sistan and Baluchistan province from 2011 to 2014...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Vahid Kohpeima Jahromi, Reza Dehnavieh, Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani, Hosain Saberi Anari
INTRODUCTION: Iran introduced the urban family physician reform, based on the primary healthcare (PHC) approach, in 2012. The reform is restricted to two pilot provinces, which are Fars and Mazandaran and its policymakers request evidence of the reform progress. The study aimed to determine the accessibility of health care in the two pilot sites. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using Primary Care Evaluation Tool (PCET) questionnaires was performed with a multistage stratified cluster sample of the family physicians (n=141) and patients (n=710) in the two provinces between September 2015 and March 2016...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Yadollah Hamidi, Roghayeh Mohammadibakhsh, Alireza Soltanian, Masoud Behzadifar
INTRODUCTION: Presence of committed personnel in each organization not only reduces their absenteeism, delays, and displacements but also leads to a dramatic increase in performance and efficiency of an organization, mental freshness of employees, better manifestation of noble objectives, and organizational mission as well as fulfillment of personal goals. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between organizational culture and organizational commitment of employees in administrative units of health care centers in the cities of Hamedan Province based on the Denison model in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Nasibeh Sharifi, Lida Jalili, Somayeh Khazaeian, Anvar-Sadat Nayebi Nia
INTRODUCTION: Most women experience significant changes in their general health status during menopause, which negatively affects their quality of life. Physical activity has also been shown to enhance quality of life. However, little is known about the effect of physical activity on women's health during the menopausal transition. This study aimed to determine the relationship between physical activity and general health among menopausal women in Ahvaz, Iran. METHODS: This cross sectional study was carried out on 600 menopausal women using cluster random sampling during 2013-2014...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Saber Azami-Aghdash, Hassan Abolghasem Gorji, Hosein Shabaninejad, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
INTRODUCTION: Due to the large number of Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) in Iran, authorities have implemented a number of policies for the prevention of RTIs. However, a scientific analysis of these policies has thus far been neglected. Therefore, this study was conducted for policy analysis of RTIs prevention in Iran. METHODS: This qualitative study with a case study approach was conducted in Iran during 2016 in two phases: First, by reviewing literature and documents of the past ten years, policies that have been executed to prevent RTIs in Iran were identified...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Maryam Ahmadi, Morteza Amraei, Mahnaz Samadbeik
INTRODUCTION: The national formulary plays an important role in increasing access to medicine and correct drug information based on national considerations. However, this study aimed to provide a model for development of national formulary based on a unified payment system in Iran. METHODS: This study used a combination of descriptive, comparative, and qualitative methods. It was an applied developmental study in 2016. The data were collected using a form based on the World Health Organization's (WHO) standard model for national formulary...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Nasibeh Sharifi, Somayyeh Khazaeian, Safoura Khazaeian, Marzieh Masjoudi, Azita Fathnejad Kazemi, Anvar-Sadat Nayebi Nia
INTRODUCTION: Menopause is a natural event in a woman's life which affects her general health and quality of life. However, currently there is no Persian instrument for measuring health status during this period. Therefore, the present study was performed to assess the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the Menopausal Health Questionnaire in Iran. METHODS: The questionnaire was translated to Persian with the approach of Jones et al and its validity was assessed by a panel of experts...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Arefeh Shahi, Fatemeh Dabiri, Azita Kamjoo, Asieh Pormehr Yabandeh, Zahra Khademi, Nasrin Davaridolatabadi
INTRODUCTION: Prolonged pregnancy is associated with increased risk of pregnancy complications. The role of body mass index (BMI) is not completely identified in the risk of occurrence of prolonged pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine the association between BMI and duration of pregnancy in woman referred to the Shariati Maternity Hospital in Bandar Abbas (Hormozgan Province, Iran). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 1100 pregnant women referred to the Shariati Hospital in Bandar Abbas in 2015...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Anvar Sadat Nayebi Nia, Parvin Salari, Nasibeh Sharifi, Hadi Jabbari Nooghani
INTRODUCTION: According to Bowbly attachment theory, attachment of a baby and its main care provider, influences on social growth and the baby's feelings throughout its life. The present study was performed aim to determine the effect of attachment style to parents on domains of sexual dysfunction in married women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on two hundred married women who were fertile, and referred private and governmental gynecology clinics in Mashhad, Iran, in 2014...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Farideh Kazemi, Behnaz Nejati, Parisa Parsa, Manoochehr Karami
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important factors in marital satisfaction is the satisfaction of a healthy sexual relationship between spouses. During pregnancy marital satisfaction may decrease due to sexual problems. Sexual counseling to pregnant women may reduce the complications of these problems at this time. This study aimed to investigate the effects of sexual counseling on marital satisfaction of pregnant women. This article is sponsored by the Hamadan University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Roshanak Salari, Rosita Salari
INTRODUCTION: Saccharomyces cerevisiae is known as one of the useful yeasts which are utilized in baking and other industries. It can be easily cultured at an economic price. Today the introduction of safe and efficient carriers is being considered. Due to its generally round shape, and the volume that is enclosed by its membrane and cell wall, it is used to encapsulate active materials to protect them from degradation or to introduce a sustained release drug delivery system. Providing the best conditions in order to achieve the best morphological properties of Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a carrier...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Valiollah Arash, Fatemeh Naghipour, Mehdi Ravadgar, Ahmad Karkhah, Mohammad Saleh Barati
INTRODUCTION: Adult patients typically require high-quality orthodontic treatment for ceramic brackets, but some clinicians remain concerned about the bond strength of these brackets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the shear bond strength and de-bonding characteristics of metallic and ceramic brackets bonded with two types of bonding agents. METHODS: In an experimental study done in 2013 in Babol, Iran, 120 extracted human maxillary premolar teeth were randomly divided into four groups as follows: HM group: metallic bracket/conventional bonding agent; SM group: metallic bracket/Transbond self-etching primer; HC group: ceramic bracket/conventional bonding agent; SC group: ceramic bracket/Transbond self-etching primer...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Abbas Ebadi, Razieh Froutan
INTRODUCTION: It is important to gain a thorough understanding of positive coping methods adopted by medical emergency personnel to manage stressful situations associated with accidents and emergencies. Thus, the purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of positive coping strategies used by emergency medical service providers. METHODS: This study was conducted using a qualitative content analysis method. The study participants included 28 pre-hospital emergency personnel selected from emergency medical service providers in bases located in different regions of the city of Mashhad, Iran, from April to November 2016...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Atefeh Ghorbnazadeh, Nahid Zirak, Afsoon Fazlinezhad, Aliasghar Moenipour, Hamid Hoseinikhah Manshadi, Mohammad Abbasi Teshnizi
Situs inversus with levocardia and congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries represents a relatively very rare congenital condition and most patients are diagnosed in infancy or early age. This case report describes a 35-year old man with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries which presented with a five month history of exertional dyspnea. A diagnosis was confirmed by transesophageal echocardiogram, showing situs inversus, levocardia, atrioventricular and ventriculoarterial discordance...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Mitra Jalal, Mahrokh Dolatian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Roqayeh Aliyari
INTRODUCTION: Childbirth is a stressful factor that can trigger disorders such as depression in women. The various problems characteristic to the puerperal period make mothers more prone than ever to stress, anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to determine relationship between psychological factors and social support and breastfeeding process in mothers presenting to healthcare centers in Shahrood, Iran. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 465 mothers with infants aged one to six months, presenting to Shahrood healthcare centers in 2015-16...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
Fatemeh Merdasi, Marzieh Araban, Malehi Amal Saki
INTRODUCTION: Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months and continuing it for 2 years, along with complementary feeding, are the primary objectives of public health plans and nutrition around the world. Self-efficacy is a theoretical framework that could be a strong predictive for breastfeeding. This study aimed to determine the effect of message-framing on self-efficacy of breastfeeding in nulliparous women in Shushtar. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2015 on 210 nulliparous women in Shushtar (Iran)...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
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