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Electronic Physician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163866/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-basal-core-promoter-mutations-in-iran-and-its-correlation-with-acute-and-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection
#1
Sadegh Nasrollaheian, Gholamreza Farshidfar, Ali Kargar Kheirabad, Hamed Gouklani
INTRODUCTION: Manifestations of HBV infection differ in chronic and acute phases. Therefore, identifying the determinants such as mutations has a vital role in the treatment of the disease. A dual transversion in the basal core promoter (BCP) region is common among HBV patients. Thus, the present study was conducted with the objective of determining the prevalence of basal core promoter (BCP) mutations and its correlation with the outcome of HBV infection. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, samples were obtained from 182 Iranian HBsAg positive patients who were admitted to the Bandar Abbas Blood Transfusion Organization in 2012 and 2013...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163865/evaluation-of-the-success-rate-of-ultrasound-guided-transjugular-liver-biopsy-tjlb-and-the-associated-complications
#2
Masoud Pezeshki Rad, Hamidreza Sima, Reza Khazaeeian, Mahyar Mohammadifard
INTRODUCTION: Transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) is a diagnostic radiological intervention, applied to patients with contraindications to percutaneous or laparoscopic liver biopsy. The aim of this study was to determine the safety, effectiveness, complications, and pathological impact of TJLB. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 24 consecutive patients, undergoing TJLB at Imam Reza Hospital, affiliated to Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, from April 2010 to March 2011...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163864/the-relationship-between-blood-lead-level-and-preeclampsia
#3
Fatemeh Bayat, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Atousa Dabirioskoei, Malihe Nasiri, Aliosat Mellati
INTRODUCTION: Lead is a heavy metal to which people are commonly exposed. One of the possible mechanisms of tissue damages caused by this toxic metal is oxidative stress, which in turn may cause numerous pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia. The present study was conducted to determine the relationship between maternal Blood Lead Level (BLL) and preeclampsia. METHODS: The present case-control study was conducted on 158 pregnant women admitted to a hospital in Zanjan, Iran, from August 2015 to March 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163863/the-effects-of-exposure-to-low-frequency-electromagnetic-fields-in-the-treatment-of-migraine-headache-a-cohort-study
#4
Seyed Ehsan Mohammadianinejad, Manuchehr Babaei, Pedram Nazari
INTRODUCTION: Findings have indicated that increased usage of mobile phones may be concomitant with higher rate of headache attacks due to the low radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of low RF-EMF on the treatment outcome in migraine patients. METHODS: This cohort study was performed on 114 migraine patients referred to the Neurology Clinic of Golestan Hospital in Ahvaz, Southwest Iran, from September 2014 to March 2015...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163862/comparison-of-central-corneal-thickness-measurements-by-pentacam-and-ultrasound-pachymetry-in-normal-myopic-patients
#5
Sherif Emerah, Ehab ELZakzouk, Mohamed Farag
INTRODUCTION: Precise measurement of corneal thickness is of crucial importance in corneal refractive procedures. The aim of this work is to compare the central corneal thickness measurements using Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam) and contact US pachymetry in normal myopic patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on in 144 eyes of 72 normal myopic patients during 6 months. The study location was the Research Institute of Ophthalmology (Giza, Egypt), and Magrabi Eye Hospital (Dubai, United Arab Emirates)...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163861/cost-effectiveness-of-zoledronic-acid-to-prevent-and-treat-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-in-comparison-with-routine-medical-treatment
#6
Fateme Rostami Golmohamdi, Mahnaz Abbasi, Ali Kazemi Karyani, Ali Akbari Sari
INTRODUCTION: Fractures caused by osteoporosis are prevalent among elderly females, which reduce quality of life significantly. This study aimed at comparing cost-effectiveness of Zoledronic acid in preventing and treating post-menopause osteoporosis as compared with routine medical treatment. METHODS: This cost-effectiveness study was carried out retrospectively from the Ministry of Health and insurance organizations perspective. Costs were evaluated based on the cost estimation of a sample of patients...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163860/refinement-of-intraocular-pressure-measurements-made-by-ocular-response-analyzer-following-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-using-m2-90-moria-microkeratome-for-egyptian-myopic-and-astigmatic-patients
#7
Tamer Adel Refai, Olfat A Hassanin
INTRODUCTION: The Goldmann applanation tonometer readings were noted to be markedly reduced after Lasik surgery using a thin flap technique which is widely used nowadays, to correct a wide range of myopia and astigmatism. The Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) is considered one of the important tools for refinement of Intraocular Pressure (IOP) measurements. The aim of this study is to evaluate and refine ORA measurements for IOP changes post- M2 90 Moria microkeratome Lasik procedure for Egyptian myopic and astigmatic patients trying to aid in glaucoma diagnosis and management...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163859/did-food-allergy-develop-in-the-process-of-animal-evolution
#8
Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh, Sara Sadat Nabavizadeh, Amir Anushiravani
Food allergy is pathophysiologic ally based on stimulation of the immune system at the first exposure, and allergic reactions develop during following exposures. Therefore, memory is the cornerstone of an allergy, as seen in the adaptive immune system. The adaptive immune system was first introduced during evolution in vertebrates, so we can say that invertebrates do not have allergic reactions. We can conclude that food allergy is a complication of animal evolution. Evolution also can cause diseases and complications; therefore, understanding it may help in allergy treatment...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163858/parents-oral-health-literacy-and-its-impact-on-their-children-s-dental-health-status
#9
Effat Khodadadi, Ayshe Niknahad, Mohammad Mehdi Naghibi Sistani, Mina Motallebnejad
INTRODUCTION: Because parents play a key role in children's dental health, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between parents' oral health literacy (OHL) and their children's dental health status in Babol, Iran. METHODS: In this cross sectional study a total of 384 children aged 21 months to 84 months who attended the dental clinic of Babol University of Medical Sciences between September 2015 and February 2016 were examined. We measured dmft index only for primary dentition; during examination the accompanying parent completed the "Oral Health Literacy-Adults Questionnaire"...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163857/perceived-needs-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-a-qualitative-study
#10
Taraneh Emamgoli Khooshehchin, Zohre Keshavarz, Maryam Afrakhteh, Elham Shakibazadeh, Soghrat Faghihzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is the most common medical complication of pregnancy. It can be associated with many complications for mother and fetus. Gestational diabetes is also one of the main health issues in Iran. Therefore, the present study is aimed at a deeper understanding of women's experiences of gestational diabetes and their perceived needs to inform future lifestyle interventions. METHODS: This qualitative content analysis study was carried out in 2015. Participants were pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes in the 24(th) to 36(th) week of pregnancy, who were referred to the clinics affiliated with Shahid Beheshti Medical Science University in Tehran, Iran...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163856/29-year-old-man-with-multiple-sclerosis-and-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#11
Nahid Noorani, Fateme Hadi, Hamid Reza Ahmadkhaniha
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common debilitating neurological disease that affects adults, whether young adults or middle-aged. Although, most attention is toward the neurological signs of the disease, the neuropsychiatric signs are not uncommon. This case report presents a 29 year old male with a record of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) without psychotic disorder, which coincides with the diagnosis MS, has been stricken to auditory hallucinations and reference delusion. The patient received some antipsychotic drugs such as Haloperidol and Perphenazine irregularly, but any psychotic signs of the patient were never in control...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163855/factors-associated-with-hookah-smoking-among-university-students
#12
Hamid Joveini, Taherh Dehdari, Hassan Eftekhar Ardebili, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Ali Asghar Firouzian, Alireza Rohban
BACKGROUND: These days, hookah smoking has gained popularity among people in many communities, especially among youths and students, and more attention to this issue seems necessary. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors affecting hookah smoking among Sabzevar Azad University students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on university students in Sabzevar, Iran in 2014. The questionnaire was developed and its validity and reliability were assessed...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163854/relationship-between-food-security-with-sugar-level-and-blood-pressure-in-diabetes-type-2-in-tehran
#13
Seyed Amir Hossein Zehni Moghadam, Maryam Javadi, Asghar Mohammadpooral
INTRODUCTION: Food security has been defined as the "availability, stability, access and utilization of safe foods". Diabetes has been known as one of the biggest health and medical problems throughout the world and is clearly related to lifestyle, and particularly, improper food consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between food security with sugar and blood pressure in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes who refer to diabetes centers in Tehran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on type 2 diabetes patients in Tehran, Iran...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163853/bilateral-cryptorchidism-a-rare-presentation-for-persistent-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-syndrome
#14
Abdullah Al-Faris, Mosleh Jabari, Mohammed Al-Sayed, Hassan Al-Shehri
Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare, sex-limited, autosomal recessive disorder representing male pseudo-hermaphroditism. It is observed in males with the presence of female reproductive organs such as the uterus, cervix, and bilateral fallopian tubes along with normally developed male reproductive organs. It generally occurs during embryogenesis due to mutation in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) gene, i.e., AMH gene or AMH receptor (AMHR2) gene. The present case reports a male infant with inflammation in the right groin who was admitted to Security Forces Hospital in 2015...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163852/intention-of-continuing-to-use-the-hospital-information-system-integrating-the-elaboration-likelihood-social-influence-and-cognitive-learning
#15
Mehrdad Farzandipour, Hashem Mohamadian, Niloufar Sohrabi
INTRODUCTION: Anticipating effective factors in information system acceptance by using persuasive messages, is one of the main issues less focused on so far. This is one of the first attempts at using the elaboration-likelihood model combined with the perception of emotional, cognitive, self-efficacy, informational and normative influence constructs, in order to investigate the determinants of intention to continue use of the hospital information system in Iran. METHODS: The present study is a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163851/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-dystemprament-sue-mizaj-and-treatments-and-management-of-diseases-ilaj-and-eslah-e-mizaj
#16
REVIEW
Sepide Miraj, Samira Alesaeidi, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for diseases as well as special types of management (avoidance). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the relationship between dystemprament and treatment and management of diseases. METHODS: A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local sources from 1965 to 2016...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163850/effective-factors-in-marital-satisfaction-in-perspective-of-iranian-women-and-men-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Farzaneh Zaheri, Mahrokh Dolatian, Mohammad Shariati, Masoomeh Simbar, Abbas Ebadi, Seyede Batool Hasanpoor Azghadi
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important factors and determinants of mental health, emotional stability of couples and successful marriage is marital satisfaction, a state that in most cases, males and females are satisfied with each other and their marriage. This review was conducted to survey the effective factors on marital satisfaction in view of Iranian men and women. METHODS: This systematic review surveys published articles from 2005 to 2015. First, scientific databases such as Pubmed/Medline, Scopus, Elsevier, Cochran library, Springer, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, Magiran and Medlib were searched using relevant key words and phrases...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163849/evaluation-of-the-antibacterial-effects-of-aqueous-and-ethanolic-leaf-extracts-of-aloysia-citriodora-lemon-verbena-on-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus
#18
Faranak Shafiee, Ali Akbar Moghadamnia, Zahra Shahandeh, Farhnaz Sadighian, Effat Khodadadi
INTRODUCTION: The Aloysia citriodora plant from the family of Verbenaceae has many uses in traditional medicine. The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of the aqueous and ethanolic extracts of A. citriodora on Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus, which cause tooth decay. METHODS: This 2016 study was performed on standardized strains of S. mutans PTCC1683 and S. sobrinus PTCC1601 and clinical isolates. Twenty clinical samples were obtained from the dental caries of children admitted to the pediatric ward at the Faculty of Dentistry of Babol University of Medical Sciences (Babol, Iran)...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163848/empathy-score-among-student-residence-assistants-in-iran
#19
Najmeh Shahini, Kambiz Akhavane Rezayat, Fatemeh Behdani, Seyed Reza Habibzadeh Shojaei, Amir Akhavan Rezayat, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
INTRODUCTION: Empathy, an essential component of the physician-patient relationship, may be linked to positive patient outcomes. This study aimed to determine the empathy score among student residence assistants (RAs). METHODS: In this descriptive design (cross-sectional study), 102 Iranian RAs participated in the study during 2015, completing the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSPE). Data collection was analyzed using SPSS version 17. MANOVA, independent-samples t-test, Spearman correlation and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used for data analysis...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163847/barriers-against-required-nurse-estimation-models-applying-in-iran-hospitals-from-health-system-experts-point-of-view
#20
Seyed Saeed Tabatabaee, Mahmood Nekoie-Moghadam, Ali Vafaee-Najar, Mohammad Reza Amiresmaili
INTRODUCTION: One of the strategies for accessing effective nursing care is to design and implement a nursing estimation model. The purpose of this research was to determine barriers in applying models or norms for estimating the size of a hospital's nursing team. METHODS: This study was conducted from November 2015 to March 2016 among three levels of managers at the Ministry of Health, medical universities, and hospitals in Iran. We carried out a qualitative study using a Colaizzi method...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
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