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Electronic Physician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070265/the-relationship-between-body-image-and-sexual-function-in-middle-aged-women
#1
Poorandokht Afshari, Zeinab Houshyar, Nahid Javadifar, Fatemeh Pourmotahari, Maryam Jorfi
INTRODUCTION: An individual's social and marital function, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life may, sometimes be affected by negative body image. This study is aimed at determining the relationship between body image and sexual function in middle-aged women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 437 middle-aged women, who were referred to various public healthcare centers in Ahvaz, Iran during 2014-2015, were selected. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) were used for data collection...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070264/impact-of-oral-and-dental-health-on-quality-of-life-in-iranian-preschool-children-and-their-families
#2
Siyamak Nemati, Maryam Ghasempour, Sorayya Khafri
INTRODUCTION: Oral and dental health is one of the most important factors that affect the quality of life of preschool children. This study determined the effect of oral and dental health of preschoolers on their quality of life and that of their parents. METHODS: This descriptive-cross sectional study asked 304 mothers of children aged 2-5 years from Babol, Iran, to complete an Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) questionnaire. Higher raw scores for ECOHIS indicate more oral problems and lower quality of life as related to oral health...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070263/evaluating-the-microshear-bond-strength-and-microleakage-of-flowable-composites-containing-zinc-oxide-nano-particles
#3
Koorosh Teymoornezhad, Homayoun Alaghehmand, Ghazaleh Daryakenari, Soraya Khafri, Mitra Tabari
INTRODUCTION: Preventive resin restorations (PRR) are the conservative choice for the most common carious lesions in children. Thus, new age flowable resin composites with higher filler content are readily used. The aim of this study was to evaluate the microshear bond strength and microleakage of two flowable resin composites containing different percentages of nano zinc oxide (NZnO) particles, which have proven to have antimicrobial properties. METHODS: This experimental in-vitro study was carried out in the Dental Material Research Center of Babol University of Medical Sciences in 2015...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070262/experiences-of-women-regarding-gaps-in-preconception-care-services-in-the-iranian-reproductive-health-care-system-a-qualitative-study
#4
Roghieh Bayrami, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hamid Allahverdipour, Mojgan Javadnoori, Habibollah Esmaily
INTRODUCTION: Despite the beginnings of preconception care (PCC) delivery around a decade ago in Iran, there are still significant gaps in its service delivery. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of women as well as midwives toward gaps in PCC delivery in the Iranian reproductive health care system. METHODS: In this exploratory qualitative study, 27 married women and 13 midwives were recruited using purposive sampling from five health centers in Mashhad, Northeast of Iran...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070261/the-effect-of-utilizing-organizational-culture-improvement-model-of-patient-education-on-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-patients-anxiety-and-satisfaction-theory-testing
#5
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Faezeh Norouzinezhad, Roohangiz Jamshidi Orak
INTRODUCTION: Due to the increasing prevalence of arteriosclerosis and the mortality caused by this disease, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) has become one of the most common surgical procedures. Utilization of patient education is approved as an effective solution for increasing patient survival and outcomes of treatment. However, failure to consider different aspects of patient education has turned this goal into an unattainable one. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of utilizing the organizational culture improvement model of patient education on CABG patients' anxiety and satisfaction...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070260/relationship-between-bone-density-and-biochemical-markers-of-bone-among-two-groups-taking-carbamazepine-and-sodium-valproate-for-epilepsy-in-comparison-with-healthy-individuals-in-yazd
#6
Abolghasem Rahimdel, Ali Dehghan, Mahboubeh Abolhassani Moghadam, Ali Mellat Ardekani
INTRODUCTION: Chronic antiepileptic therapy has been associated with metabolic bone diseases including osteomalacia and osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to determine frequency of changes in biochemical and bone mineral density (BMD) in adults receiving valproaic acid (VPA) & carbamazepine (CBZ). METHODS: In a cross sectional study evaluating adults (age 20-50 y) epileptic patients receiving valproic acid or carbamazepine for at least 2 years. This study was conducted from May 2014 to May 2015 in Shahid Sadoughi Hospital of Yazd University of Medical Science, Yazd, Iran...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070259/phenol-removal-from-aqueous-environment-by-adsorption-onto-pomegranate-peel-carbon
#7
Mojtaba Afsharnia, Mahdi Saeidi, Amin Zarei, Mohammad Reza Narooie, Hamed Biglari
INTRODUCTION: Phenol and its derivatives are the most common poisonous compounds which are stable in aqueous media and lead to many health issues. In this study, application of the carbon resulted from pomegranate peel is investigated in removal of phenol by adsorption method. METHODS: to perform this cross-sectional study, first, samples of phenol with concentrations of 10 to 100 mg/L were prepared for six months in 2016. Then, the impacts of parameters such as pH, adsorbent dosage, contact time, and initial concentration of phenol in adsorption process were investigated independently in Gonabad Chemistry Lab using a spectrophotometer at 505 nm as the wavelength...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070258/a-scientific-correlation-between-dystemprament-in-unani-medicine-and-diseases-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Sepideh Miraj, Sara Kiani
BACKGROUND: Temperament or mezaj refers to four different humors differentiating in individuals and, as a result, proposes specific therapy for their diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to overview the scientific correlation between temperaments in Unani medicine and diseases. METHODS: This study was carried out from March 2015 to February 2016. A computerized search of published articles was performed using PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and Web of Science, and Medline databases as well as local and regional resources between 1983 and 2014...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070257/the-relation-of-pre-and-postnatal-depression-and-anxiety-with-exclusive-breastfeeding
#9
Farangis Sharifi, Soheila Nouraei, Ehsan Shahverdi
INTRODUCTION: Studies on the relationship between prenatal psychosocial risk factors and breastfeeding are disjointed. Maternal health status has a great influence on breastfeeding, growth, and general health of the neonates. The aim of this study was to ascertain the relation between maternal mental health and breastfeeding status of mothers in Kazerun (Fars province, Iran). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on a total of 92 pregnant women recruited from clinics in Kazerun in 2015...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070256/consumer-perception-and-preference-of-drinking-water-sources
#10
Seyed Ali Sajjadi, Vali Alipour, Mohammad Matlabi, Hamed Biglari
INTRODUCTION: Understanding consumer perception of drinking water can contribute to improvements in water management and consumer satisfaction. The aim of this study was to assess the consumer perception of tap water quality and other drinking water sources in Gonabad as a small semiarid city. METHODS: This study was performed in autumn and winter 2013. For collection data a researcher-made a questionnaire consisting of nine questions, based on demographic information prepared...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070255/evaluation-of-different-primers-for-detection-of-brucella-by-using-pcr-method
#11
Zahra Moulana, Mohammad Reza Hasanjani Roushan, Seyed Mahmoud Amin Marashi
INTRODUCTION: Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonosis and a significant cause of loss of health in humans and animals. Traditionally, classic diagnosis is carried out by isolation of Brucella, which is time-consuming, technically challenging and potentially dangerous. The aim of this study was to expand a molecular test that would be used for the develop detection of Brucella in a single reaction with high sensitivity and specificity, by targeting IS711element. METHODS: This study was carried out from 2015 to 2016 at the Ayatolla Rohani hospital in Babol, Iran...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070254/the-efficacy-of-contingency-management-on-cocaine-craving-using-prize-based-reinforcement-of-abstinence-in-cocaine-users
#12
Bijan Pirnia, Seyed Kazem Rasoulzadeh Tabatabaei, Abbas Tavallaii, Ali Akbar Soleimani, Kambiz Pirnia
INTRODUCTION: Contingency management (CM) is one of the most common therapies in the domain of drug addiction. This study has been carried out with the purpose of evaluating the efficacy of contingency management intervention. METHOD: In an experimental design, between December 15, 2014 and November 20, 2015, fifty men (between 18 and 31 with an average age of 24.6) with a history of cocaine use, were selected voluntarily and were randomly assigned into two groups of CM and control group...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070253/self-medication-and-its-effective-modifiable-factors-among-elderly-referred-health-care-centers-in-shahr-e-kord-in-2015
#13
Zahra Sadeghian Motavali, Heidarali Abedi, Elham Davaridolatabadi
INTRODUCTION: Drug overuse is a serious problem for health care, and one of the biggest problems for the socio-economic well-being of different communities. The elderly tend to use more drugs due to changes in their cognitive and physiological factors. One of the best ways to evaluate the health level of elderly people is to evaluate their self-medication. This study was conducted to investigate self-medication among the elderly in Shahr-e-Kord. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 350 people older than 65 in Shahr-e-Kord in 2015...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070252/study-of-functional-vulnerability-status-of-tehran-hospitals-in-dealing-with-natural-disasters
#14
Batol Ahmadi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Narjes Tanha, Amjad Mohamadi Bolban Abad, Heshmatollah Asadi
INTRODUCTION: At the time of disasters, hospitals are considered as one of the most important facilities which should provide emergency services continuously. The purpose of this study was to determine the functional vulnerability of Tehran hospitals in dealing with natural disasters. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Science (TUMS), in 2013. Of all 26 hospitals, 12 hospitals were selected through single-stage cluster sampling, including six general (Shariati, Amiralam, Sina, Imam, Hazrat Rasoul, Baharlou) and six specialized (Bahrami, Hazrat-e Aliasghar, Shahid rajaie, Roozbeh, Moheb yas, Children Medical Center) hospitals...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070251/comparison-between-vaginal-royal-jelly-and-vaginal-estrogen-effects-on-quality-of-life-and-vaginal-atrophy-in-postmenopausal-women-a-clinical-trial-study
#15
Fatemeh Seyyedi, Mahmoud Rafiean Kopaei, Sepideh Miraj
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic effects of vaginal royal jelly and vaginal estrogen on quality of life and vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was carried out at gynecology and obstetrics clinics of Hajar Hospital of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences (Iran) from January 2013 to January 2014. The study was conducted on married postmenopausal women between 50 and 65 years old...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070250/effect-of-consultation-and-educating-in-preparation-classes-for-delivery-on-pregnancy-consequences-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Simin Karimi, Farideh Kazemi, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Fatemeh Shobeiri, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
BACKGROUND: Care during pregnancy and performing consultation for delivery preparation play an important role in improving pregnant women's knowledge. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of consultation and instruction in the preparation classes for delivery on pregnancy consequences, including choosing the type of delivery, the performed type of delivery, and infant's weight. METHODS: This study was conducted in 2015 on 170 pregnant women who had been referred to the prenatal clinic in Hamedan...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070249/prevalence-of-postoperative-pressure-ulcer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Vida Shafipour, Ensieh Ramezanpour, Mohammad Ali Heidari Gorji, Mahmood Moosazadeh
INTRODUCTION: A pressure ulcer is a serious safety issue in healthcare systems. The patient's rate of infection with an ulcer, especially a postoperative ulcer, is critical, as it is dictated by factors such as being in a fixed position during surgery, the type of anesthesia used, the duration of surgery, and patient-related factors. The present study was conducted to carry out a systematic assessment of the prevalence of a postoperative pressure ulcer and to find its general prevalence using a meta-analysis...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070248/childhood-cardiomyopathies-a-study-in-tertiary-care-hospital-in-upper-egypt
#18
Mohamed Abd Elaal Bakeet, Montaser Mohamed Mohamed, Ahmed Ahmed Allam, Rania Gamal
INTRODUCTION: Cardiomyopathy (CMP) is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a disease of the myocardium associated with cardiac dysfunction. An understanding of CMP is very important, as it is a common cause of heart failure in children, and the most common indication for heart transplantation in children older than one year, but data on CMP in Egypt are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the number, risk factors, clinical presentation, complications and outcome of different types of childhood cardiomyopathies in Sohag University Hospital...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070247/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-fluoxetine-on-sexual-function-of-women-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Zahra Sabetnejad, Fatemeh Assarian, Abdollah Omidi, Mohammad Reza Najarzadegan
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental health concern due to its various negative consequences, especially in sexual function. Therefore, the treatment of sexual dysfunction in women with OCD is important in order to improve the patient's marital function and mental health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the sexual behavior and sexual and marital satisfaction in women with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) before and after treatment with fluoxetine and cognitive behavior therapy...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957318/a-systematic-review-of-anti-malarial-properties-immunosuppressive-properties-anti-inflammatory-properties-and-anti-cancer-properties-of-artemisia-annua
#20
REVIEW
Samira Alesaeidi, Sepide Miraj
Artemisia annua belongs to the asteraceae family, indigenous to the mild climate of Asia. The aim of this study was to overview its anti-malarial properties, immunosuppressive properties, anti-inflammatory properties and anti-cancer properties. This systematic review was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases. The initial search strategy identified approximately ninety eight references. In this study, forty six studies were accepted for further screening and met all of our inclusion...
October 2016: Electronic Physician
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