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Electronic Physician

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894555/information-management-in-iranian-maternal-mortality-surveillance-system
#1
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Afsaneh Karimi, Leila Erfannia
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is preventable by proper information management and is the main target of the Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (MMSS). AIM: This study aimed to determine the status of information management in the Iranian Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (IMMSS). METHODS: The population of this descriptive and analytical study, which was conducted in 2016, included 96 administrative staff of health and treatment deputies of universities of medical sciences and the Ministry of Health in Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894554/exploring-the-adaptive-experiences-of-children-with-parents-of-myocardial-infarction-a-qualitative-study
#2
Tahere Hashemifard, Ali Akbar Vaezi, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy, Tahere Kamalikhah, Mehdi Khankolabi, Abbas Andishmand, Mohammad Hossein Baghianimoghadam
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the world's leading cause of mortality. These diseases are rooted in an unhealthy lifestyle. In order to confront this subject, it is essential to identify several risk factors that contribute to heart disease (HD) in people with different attitudes, values, beliefs, expectations and motivations. This study was therefore an attempt to explain the adaptive experiences of children whose parents were involved in myocardial infarction since they were more likely subjected to get the so-called disease...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894553/effect-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-on-asymmetric-dimethylarginine-and-disability-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Mohammad Khalili, Madjid Soltani, Shirin Amiri Moghadam, Parvin Dehghan, Amirreza Azimi, Omid Abbaszadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Oxidative stress plays a major role in the onset and progression of MS. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) formation is dependent on oxidative stress status. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) as a potent antioxidant could improve the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and decrease plasma level of ADMA in multiple sclerosis patients...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894552/status-of-antioxidant-and-homocysteine-lowering-vitamins-related-to-cardiovascular-diseases-in-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Akram Kooshki, Mitra Eftekhari Yazdi, Manidgeh Yousefi Moghaddam, Roya Akbarzadeh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of mortality in hemodialysis patients. Oxidative stress and hyperhomocysteinemia may contribute to an increased risk of CVD. Therefore, we assessed the status of antioxidant and homocysteine-lowering vitamins related to cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients at Vasei hospital in Sabzevar. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 75 hemodialysis patients by using census method at Vasei Hospital in Sabzevar (Iran) in 2014...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894551/montelukast-versus-inhaled-mometasone-for-treatment-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mohammad Bagher Rahmati, Fatemeh Safdarian, Babak Shiroui, Shahram Zare, Naser Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Otitis media is one of the most common infections among children and is a complication in about 30% of common colds. The most common complication of acute otitis media is otitis media with effusion. Some studies have reported the effects of montelukast and mometasone nasal spray in treatment of otitis media with effusion. However, current information is inadequate in this issue. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of montelukast and mometasone nasal spray in treatment of otitis media with effusion in children attending Koodakan hospital in Bandar Abbas, Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894550/evaluation-prevalence-of-pompe-disease-in-iranian-patients-with-myopathies-of-unknown-etiology
#6
Khadijeh Haji Naghi Tehrani, Elmira Sakhaeyan, Elnaz Sakhaeyan
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a rare but potentially treatable metabolic disorder having an estimated worldwide incidence of one in forty thousand live births. While the introduction of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has considerably increased the awareness of the disease, the delay in diagnosis is still consistent and most patients go undetected. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of late-onset Pompe disease (LOPD) in a high-risk population, using dried blood spot (DBS) as a main screening tool...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894549/predictive-value-of-copeptin-as-a-severity-marker-of-community-acquired-pneumonia
#7
Gamal Baheeg Mohamed, Madeha Abdellah Saed, Abdelhakeem Abdelmohsen Abdelhakeem, Kalid Salah, Abdelrahman Mamdouh Saed
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in children. Few studies have explored the predictive value of copeptin in pediatric pneumonia. AIM: This study aimed to assess the role of copeptin as a marker of severity of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This prospective case-control study was carried out at Minia University Children's Hospital in Minia (Egypt) from January to December 2016. Eighty children aged from 2 months to 42 months were enrolled in this study and were classified into group 1 (40 children with clinical, laboratory and radiological evidence of pneumonia) and group 2 (40 apparently healthy control)...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894548/a-novel-algorithm-for-pet-and-mri-fusion-based-on-digital-curvelet-transform-via-extracting-lesions-on-both-images
#8
Shirin Hajeb Mohammad Alipour, Mohammad Houshyari, Ahmad Mostaar
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Merging multimodal images is a useful tool for accurate and efficient diagnosis and analysis in medical applications. The acquired data are a high-quality fused image that contains more information than an individual image. In this paper, we focus on the fusion of MRI gray scale images and PET color images. METHODS: For the fusion of MRI gray scale images and PET color images, we used lesion region extracting based on the digital Curvelet transform (DCT) method...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894547/a-novel-therapy-for-cocaine-dependence-during-abstinence-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Bijan Pirnia, Ali Reza Moradi, Kambiz Pirnia, Parisa Kolahi, Rasool Roshan
BACKGROUND: Topiramate is an anticonvulsant drug and an ideal candidate for reducing the craving in people relying on cocaine. Contingency management is one of the common therapies in the domain of addiction. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate and compare three medication methods of Topiramate (TPM), Contingency Management (CM) and the combined TPM treatment and cash intervention on craving during abstinence. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Bijan Center for Substance Abuse Treatment in Tehran, Iran, from December 15, 2014 to November 20, 2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894546/nurses-perception-of-the-strategies-to-gaining-professional-power-a-qualitative-study
#10
Rana Rezai Sepasi, Fariba Borhani, Abbas Abbaszadeh
BACKGROUND: Power in nursing is a broad concept that has a determining effect on the achievement of professional goals. Gaining power is essential for promoting the roles of nurses, improving their professional image and the consistent improvement of healthcare systems. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to identify and clarify strategies for gaining power in the nursing profession through the experiences of Iranian nurses. METHODS: The present qualitative grounded theory study was conducted on fifteen participants selected through purposive sampling...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894545/comparing-performances-of-intelligent-classifier-algorithms-for-predicting-type-of-pain-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Nasrolah Nasr HeidarAbadi, Laleh Hakemi, Pirhossein Kolivand, Reza Safdari, Marjan Ghazi Saeidi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In this study, performances of classification techniques were compared in order to predict type of pain in patients with spinal cord injury. Pain is one of the main problems in people with spinal cord injury. Identifying the optimal classification technique will help improve decision support systems in clinical settings. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective analysis was performed in 253 patients. We compared performances of "Bayesian Networks", "Decision Tree", neural networks: "Multi-Layer Perceptron" (MLP), and "Support Vector Machines" (SVM)...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894544/success-rate-evaluation-of-clinical-governance-implementation-in-teaching-hospitals-in-kerman-iran-based-on-nine-steps-of-karsh-s-model
#12
Leila Vali, Zahra Mastaneh, Ali Mouseli, Vida Kardanmoghadam, Sodabeh Kamali
BACKGROUND: One of the ways to improve the quality of services in the health system is through clinical governance. This method aims to create a framework for clinical services providers to be accountable in return for continuing improvement of quality and maintaining standards of services. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success rate of clinical governance implementation in Kerman teaching hospitals based on 9 steps of Karsh's Model. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 94 people including chief executive officers (CEOs), nursing managers, clinical governance managers and experts, head nurses and nurses...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894543/the-relationship-between-organizational-commitment-and-nursing-care-behavior
#13
Mohammad Hossein Khalilzadeh Naghneh, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Manijeh Naderi, Nehzat Shakeri, Fariba Bolourchifard, Naser Sedghi Goyaghaj
INTRODUCTION: Nursing care encompasses physical, emotional, mental and social needs, in order to improve a patient's health and wellbeing. Caring is the central core and the essence of nursing. The important issue of care is access to proper care and increasing patients' satisfaction. Job performance of nurses is affected by many factors including organizational commitment. This study aimed to determine the relationship between organizational commitment and nurses caring behavior. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 322 nurses from selected Hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran were randomly selected and enrolled in the study in 2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894542/perceptions-of-an-integrated-curriculum-among-dental-students-in-a-public-university-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Khulood Sami Hussein
BACKGROUND: Being aware of the limits of traditional discipline-based education, the Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) tasked basic medical science faculty members with developing a new integrated curriculum for undergraduate dental students to be applied in the 2014/2015 academic year. OBJECTIVE: To determine the students' perceptions of the restructured curriculum and elicit student suggestions for improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all first-year dental undergraduate students (n=192) enrolled in the academic year of 2014/2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894541/correlation-between-social-support-self-efficacy-and-health-promoting-behavior-in-hemodialysis-patients-hospitalized-in-karaj-in-2015
#15
Mahmoud Kiajamali, Meimanat Hosseini, Fatemeh Estebsari, Maliheh Nasiri, Tahereh Ashktorab, Amirhossein Abdi, Aazam Mahmoudi, Atefe Salimi Akin Abadi
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis, as a choice of treatment due to long treatment duration, the patient encounters limitations. Perceived social support, perceived self-efficacy and health promoting activities are important strategies to facilitate and maintain their health. AIM: To determine the correlation between social support, self-efficacy and health promoting behaviors in hemodialysis patients hospitalized in Karaj city in 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive correlational study was carried out on 200 hemodialysis patients who were selected from four hospitals in Karaj based on cluster sampling...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894540/change-processes-questionnaire-for-treatment-of-drug-dependents-based-on-transtheoretical-model-psychometric-properties-in-iran-2016
#16
Reza Shahrabadi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Davod Shojaeizadeh, Mehdi Yaseri
BACKGROUND: Drug abuse is a serious subject that can lead to social, economic, cultural and health problems. The routine approaches in treatment of drug abuse are either medication or non-medication methods. Non-medication approach is focused on mental and social health. Non-drug treatment requires appropriate tools. OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity, reliability, and structure of the Processes of Change Questionnaire. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, which was conducted in 2016, three hundred sixty-two drug dependents in Sabzevar Substance Abuse Treatment Centers (Iran) were enrolled in the study...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894539/prevalence-risk-factors-and-character-of-abdominal-hernia-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#17
Abdulmajeed AhmedAlenazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Malik Azhar Hussain, Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani, Nour Homoud Alanazi, Jazzaa Hammad Alshammari, Alwaleed Oqab Altimyat, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Abdominal wall hernias are a very common surgical condition affecting all ages and both sexes. The main risk factors of hernias include pregnancy, weight lifting, constipation, and weight gain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of abdominal hernias, their causes, treatment and complications among both sexes of the Arar population (Saudi Arabia). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,567 adults living in Arar city in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894538/the-effect-of-music-on-pain-and-vital-signs-of-children-before-and-after-endoscopy
#18
Alireza Sabzevari, Hamidreza Kianifar, Seyed Ali Jafari, Masumeh Saeidi, Hamid Ahanchian, Mohammad Ali Kiani, Lida Jarahi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gentle music has relaxing and pain reducing effects. In this study, the effect of music on patients' vital signs and pain was investigated before and after endoscopy. METHODS: This clinical trial study was conducted on 100 children from seven to fourteen years of age in Gha'em Hospital, Mashhad in 2015. Children were divided into two equal groups (case group=50 and control group=50). The control group received endoscopy according to the standards, without any other procedure...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894537/lifestyles-in-suburban-populations-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Samira Khayat, Mahrokh Dolatian, Ali Navidian, Zohreh Mahmoodi, Nasibeh Sharifi, Amir Kasaeian
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle and suburban population are important issues in the field of health. The living conditions of informal settlements can lead to acquisition of an unhealthy lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: This study has been designed to investigate the articles that have been published regarding lifestyle in suburban populations. METHODS: The present research was a systematic review of studies in databases including Iranmedex, Magiran, SID, Irandoc, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct and Scopus, in 2017...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894536/structural-investigation-of-websites-of-selected-educational-hospitals-of-shiraz-university-of-medical-sciences-from-patient-relationship-management-prm-perspective
#20
Mahdieh Bakhshi, Hossein Monem, Omid Barati, Roxana Sharifian, Mohtaram Nematollahi
BACKGROUND: Hospital websites are considered as an appropriate system for exchanging information and establishing communication between patients, hospitals, and medical staff. Website character, website contact interactivity, shopping convenience, as well as care and service are the factors that the present study investigated as far as the patient relationship management is concerned. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 206 patients visiting Shahid Faghihi and Ali Asghar Hospitals in Shiraz, which were capable of offering electronic services...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
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