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Electronic Physician

Fatemeh Karimi, Sedigheh Abedini, Shokrollah Mohseni
Background: Diabetes self-care helps to control the blood sugar which, in turn, results in a better state of health. However, more than 50% of diabetic patients do not have self-care capabilities. Objective: To determine type 2 diabetes self-care capabilities among patients visiting a Bandar Abbas diabetes clinic in 2016. Methods: The present descriptive-analytical research was of a cross-sectional type. The sample was comprised of 120 patients afflicted with type 2 diabetes, who had been selected through the simple randomized sampling method...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Masoud Maleki, Mahdi Yousefi, Sayyed Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Sayyed Abolghasem Sajadi Tabassi, Hasan Rakhshandeh, Shokouh Sadat Hamedi, Gholamreza Haghighi
Background: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) which is prevalent in all continents and is classified by the WHO as one of the neglected tropical diseases, existed in the past also, and discovered ancient works confirm this issue. The lack of adaptation of diseases between Persian Medicine (PM) and Modern medicine, led to no usage of effective therapeutic experiences of prior physicians. Objective: The purpose of this study is finding skin lesions adapted to CL in PM for usage of same disease treatment in the next clinical trials, and the use of approved therapies in CL...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Zahra Haeri Kermani, Seyed Mojtaba Mousavi Bazzaz, Seyed Kazem Farahmand, Ali Akbar Raoof
Background and aim: Musculoskeletal disease, that is recognized in diabetes and diabetes mellitus (DM) has shown a higher prevalence of chronic musculoskeletal complications. This study aimed at assessing the frequency of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders among patients with diabetes type II with normal cases in Mashhad, Iran. Methods: A cross-section of 100 patients with upper limb musculoskeletal disorders were enrolled in this study. The patients were examined by a unique physician considering carpal tunnel syndrome disorder, trigger finger, adhesive capsulitis, and Dupuytren's contracture at Ghaem hospital, Mashhad, Iran in 2015...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Seyed Esmaeil Hatami, Mohammad Reza Ghotbi Ravandi, Seyedeh Tayebeh Hatami, Narges Khanjani
Background and aim: Work-related injuries are among the most important health problems in developing countries, such as Iran. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiology of work-related injuries among construction workers who had been insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization (ISSO). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. The population included all construction workers who had a work- related accident during 2012 in Iran, which were recorded in the ISSO database after inspection...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Maryam Hajizade-Valokolaee, Soghra Khani, Ensieh Fooladi, Sepideh Peivandi
Background and aim: Infertility as a global problem, affects the different aspects of women's health. Also, violence against infertile women affects their psychological wellbeing and treatment consequence. This study aimed at reviewing related factors to violence against infertile women, based on an ecological approach. Methods: In this systematic review, the researchers conducted their search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, and then in more specialized ones such as Medline via PubMed, Science Direct, Up-to-date, Springer, SID, Magiran, Iranmedex and Irandoc with the key words violence, infertility, women, risk factors, social environment, and individuality, from 1988 to 2016...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Rahele Kargozar, Hoda Azizi, Roshanak Salari
Background: Acute menopausal syndrome especially hot flashes, is one of the most common gynecological problems during menopause. Due to the side effects of hormone therapy, herbal and complementary medicines are always of immense interest to people in the treatment and management of the symptoms and complications of menopause. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and effects of medicinal plants employed in the treatment of menopausal symptoms...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Behnaz Enjezab, Maryam Eftekhar, Akram Ghadiri-Anari
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), as the most common endocrine disorder among reproductive-aged women may lead to psychological morbidity. Objectives: The present study set out to evaluate the severity of depression in PCOS and non-PCOS women and to evaluate correlation between depression score with body mass index, HOMA-IR, and testosterone level in every group (PCOS and non-PCOS women) in Yazd province. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 62 women with PCOS and 61 non- PCOS subjects (20 to 40 years) who were attending Imam-Ali Clinic in Yazd, Iran from September 2014 through March 2015 participated...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Tahereh Molania, Mona Alimohammadi, Ozra Akha, Jaber Mousavi, Ramin Razvini, Maedeh Salehi
Background: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease which can have numerous physical effects for patient. Xerostomia is one of these complications. Compared to healthy people, patients with diabetes mellitus, have a worse quality of life, and complications of diabetes are the main determinants of quality of life in these patients. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of xerostomia and hyposalivation on quality of life of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Mohammad Mehrtak, Esmaeil Farzaneh, Shahram Habibzadeh, Aziz Kamran, Hamed Zandian, Abdollah Mahdavi
Background: Developing and guiding new knowledge are futile unless the organizational culture can also be transformed. Future leaders cannot emerge out of an organizational environment that is not conducive to the accumulation of experiences. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the role of organizational culture in creating a succession-planning system at the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2014. Methods: The present qualitative framework analysis held interviews with 23 director generals, administrative directors and deputies from the headquarters of the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2014 who were selected through snowball sampling...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Fereshteh Ghaljaei, Nasrin Rezaee, Alireza Salar
Background: Women in their middle-age enjoy abilities that affect their health promotion and improvement. Throughout their entire lifetime, women strive to maintain and improve their health through benefiting from behaviors that come from experience. Objective: This study was carried out with the aim of identifying self-care behaviors that middle-aged women consider as far as maintaining and promoting their health are concerned. Methods: The study was conducted using a qualitative approach in conventional content analysis...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Abdulrahman Saad Alhomoud, Khalid Abdullah Alnemer, Mohammed Ibrahim Aldokheal, Abdullah Mutib Alsultan, Ziyad Khater Alzahrani
Background: Extensive studies have revealed an increased risk of major adverse cardiac outcomes in patients with severe psoriasis. However, some studies show conflicting results. Objective: This study was conducted to assess the CV risk factors in psoriasis patients, and compare it with non-psoriatic patients. In addition, we evaluated if psoriasis is an independent CV risk factor, if its severity can predict CV risk, and if systemic psoriasis treatments modify CV risk...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Ali Asghar Shouryabi, Alireza Ghahrisarabi, Sima Zohari Anboohi, Malihe Nasiri, Maryam Rassouli
Background: Nursing competence is highly related to patient outcomes and patient safety issues, especially in intensive care units. Competence assessment tools are needed specifically for intensive care nursing. Objective: This study was performed to determine psychometric properties of the Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Competence Scale version-1 between Iranian Nurses. Methods: The present study was a methodological research in which 289 nurses of Intensive Care Units from nine hospitals in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran were selected between 2015 and 2016...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Marzieh Shirazikhah, Arash Mirabzadeh, Homeira Sajadi, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei, Akbar Biglarian, Tahmineh Mousavi, Farahnaz Mohammadi Shahboulaghi
Background: The prevalence of disability in Iran has increased due to ageing of the population and the presence of chronic diseases. However, little is known about the availability of rehabilitation services in Iran. Objective: To study the availability of physical rehabilitation services in Iran. Methods: This was a mixed method study. In the first phase, a qualitative design was conducted for designing an instrument with focus groups based on Service Availability and Readiness Assessment (SARA) instrument (developed by World Health Organization)...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Zahra Sepehrmanesh, Hosein Fahimi, Goudarz Akasheh, Mohamadreza Davoudi, Hamidreza Gilasi, Amir Ghaderi
Background: Different studies have been conducted to find the best adjuvant therapies for depression management. There are controversies over the effects of aspirin as an adjuvant therapy for depression. Objective: To determine the effects of combined sertraline and aspirin therapy on depression severity among patients with major depressive disorder. Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Kargarnejad Psychiatric Hospital in Kashan, Isfahan, Iran, from September 1, 2016 to November 1, 2016...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Lida Jarahi, Reza Asadi, Hamid Reza Hakimi
Background: In women's health, literacy determines their participation in self and family health promotion. Low health literacy is as barrier for understanding medical recommendations, disease prevention and health care. Aim: To assess women's health literacy and relative factors in Mashhad (Iran). Methods: Women referring to healthcare centers in Mashhad in 2012 and 2013, participated in this cross-sectional study by stratified sampling method...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Mina Etminan-Bakhsh, Sima Tadi, Roksana Darabi
Background: Asymptomatic bacteriuria is one of the common problems in pregnancy. Asymptomatic bacteriuria is associated with pyelonephritis, preterm labor and low birth weight infants. The physiological and anatomical changes in pregnancy facilitate urinary tract infection (UTI) during pregnancy. Several tests are available for diagnosis of asymptomatic bacteriuria. The urine culture is a gold standard diagnostic test for asymptomatic bacteriuria but it is expensive and time-consuming...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Reham Muqbil Alanazi, Ashjan Aqeel Alanazi, Ibtihaj Qaseem Alenezi, Anwar Matar Alsulobi, Abdulrhman Fahad Almutairy, Wafaa Mohamed Bakr Ali, Mohammed Abdullah Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alkhidhr, Nagah Mohamed Abo Elfetoh, Abdalla Mohamed Bakr Ali
Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a condition that occurs frequently among surgical, as well as acutely ill hospitalized medical patients, and is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Risk factors include older age, surgery and immobilization (as with bed rest, orthopedic casts, and sitting on long flights. Objective: This study was conducted to identify the frequency and factors associated with occurrence of DVT among elderly patients referred to King Abdulaziz University (KAU) Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Mozhdeh Zarei, Masoud Rasolabadi, Fardin Gharibi, Jamal Seidi
Background and aim: Violence against women is considered as one of the social problems of all countries in the world. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of violence against married women referring to health centers, and determining its related factors in Sanandaj, Iran, in 2015. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 700 married women referred to health centers in Sanandaj, Iran in 2015. A researcher made questionnaire was used to collect data...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Afaf Shuaib Badi Albaqawi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Reem Faleh Abdullah Alanazi, Najah Salah Farhan Alanazi, Sara Emad Alrayya, Arwa Nughaymish Mulfi Alanazi, Shoug Zeid Trad Alenezi, Rehab Abdallah Alrkowi Alanazi, Anfal Muaddi Alshalan, Omar Tabaan Alenezi, Wafaa Mohamed Bakr Ali
Background: Peptic ulcer disease is a multifactorial health problem, and its prevalence and risk factors have changed considerably within the past century. Objective: To determine the prevalence of peptic ulcer among the population of Arar city and to identify risk factors for peptic ulcer and to estimate their relative impact on ulcer incidence. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on the population of Arar city, Northern Saudi Arabia from November 01, 2016 to April 30, 2017...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Abdelrahim Abdrabou Sadek, Shaimaa Mohamed Mahmoud, Mohammed Abd El-Aal, Ahmed Ahmed Allam, Walaa Ibrahim Abd El-Halim
Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common childhood form of muscular dystrophy. The incidence of cardiomyopathy in DMD increases with age, so its early detection is important because institution of cardioprotective medical therapies may slow adverse remodeling and attenuate heart failure symptoms in these patients. Objective: To assess the cardiac functions in children clinically suspected to have DMD. Methods: Over a one-year period, 28 male children aged from 3 to 18 years old, who met the criteria for diagnosis of DMD compared to 47 healthy controls children, were approached to participate in the study...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
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