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Military Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373909/revascularization-and-outcomes-in-veterans-with-moderate-to-severe-ischemia-on-myocardial-perfusion-imaging
#1
David E Winchester, Alexander J Bolanos, Anita Wokhlu, Rebecca J Beyth, Leslee J Shaw
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ischemia on nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) has been decreasing. Recent research has questioned the benefit of invasive revascularization for patients with moderate to severe ischemia. We hypothesized that patients with moderate to severe ischemia could routinely undergo successful revascularization. METHODS: We analyzed data from 544 patients who underwent an MPI at a single academic Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Patients with moderate to severe ischemia, defined as a summed difference score (SDS) 8 or greater, were compared to the rest of the cohort...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373908/surveillance-for-respiratory-infectious-diseases-caused-by-6-common-viruses-in-a-recruit-training-site-in-the-northern-region-of-china
#2
Wei-Wei Chen, Wen Xu, Yang-Xin Xie, Yun-Hui Zhang, Dan Wu, Fu-Sheng Wang, Min Zhao
BACKGROUND: Recruit training sites are places with a high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases. Effective surveillance for acute respiratory infectious diseases in a recruit training site is an important way to prevent disease outbreaks. METHODS: Eight hundred recruits (722 males and 78 females) enlisted in autumn 2015 received a background survey within 24 h of settlement at the recruit training site, including their general personal information, vaccination history, mental status and clinical symptoms...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361006/regulatory-mechanisms-prophylaxis-and-treatment-of-vascular-leakage-following-severe-trauma-and-shock
#3
REVIEW
Chen-Yang Duan, Jie Zhang, Hui-Ling Wu, Tao Li, Liang-Ming Liu
Vascular leakage, or increased vascular permeability, is a common but important pathological process for various critical diseases, including severe trauma, shock, sepsis, and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), and has become one of the most important causes of death for intensive care units (ICU) patients. Currently, although there has been some progress in knowledge of the pathogenesis of these vascular disorders, the detailed mechanisms remain unclear, and effective prophylaxis and treatment are still lacking...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344819/olfaction-as-a-soldier-a-review-of-the-physiology-and-its-present-and-future-use-in-the-military
#4
REVIEW
Palaniappan Ganesh Nagappan, Somasundram Subramaniam, De-Yun Wang
Olfaction is one of our 5 main qualitative sensory abilities. In this review, we have examined the physiology of olfaction from the olfactory receptor to the brain. Through analyzing the physiology of olfaction, we have found that the biochemistry of olfactory nerve stimulation is unique from that of other similar pathways. Upon receiving large amounts of input from the olfactory nerve, the olfactory bulb, followed by several layers of centrifugal and centripetal processing in the brain, has to sort the information from the input as well as integrate it with other inputs from the brain to develop a coherent understanding of the input...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331628/association-of-iodized-salt-with-goiter-prevalence-in-chinese-populations-a-continuity-analysis-over-time
#5
Zhen Liang, Chen Xu, Yong-Jun Luo
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) refer to diseases that are caused by insufficient iodine intake, and the best strategy to prevent IDD is the addition of iodine to dietary salt. Because iodine deficiency is a common cause of goiter, the prevalence as effectively controlled after the implementation of universal salt iodization (USI) in China. However, there is substantial controversy as to whether the incidence of thyroid disorders is related to iodized salt intake. Therefore, we aimed to clarify whether the risk of goiter can be promoted by USI...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261494/radioprotective-effects-of-cimetidine-on-rats-irradiated-by-long-term-low-dose-rate-neutrons-and-60-co-%C3%AE-rays
#6
Ding-Wen Jiang, Qing-Rong Wang, Xian-Rong Shen, Ying He, Tian-Tian Qian, Qiong Liu, Deng-Yong Hou, Yu-Ming Liu, Wei Chen, Xin Ren, Ke-Xian Li
BACKGROUND: Cimetidine, an antagonist of histamine type II receptors, has shown protective effects against γ-rays or neutrons. However, there have been no reports on the effects of cimetidine against neutrons combined with γ-rays. This study was carried out to evaluate the protective effects of cimetidine on rats exposed to long-term, low-dose-rate neutron and γ-ray combined irradiation (n-γ LDR). METHODS: Fifty male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the normal control group, radiation model group, 20 mg/(kg · d) cimetidine group, 80 mg/(kg · d) cimetidine group and 160 mg/(kg · d) cimetidine group (10 rats per group)...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239483/soldiers-load-carriage-performance-in-high-mountains-a-physiological-study
#7
Tirthankar Chatterjee, Debojyoti Bhattacharyya, Anilendu Pramanik, Madhusudan Pal, Deepti Majumdar, Dhurjati Majumdar
BACKGROUND: The present study was designed to evaluate load carriage performance at extremely high altitudes with different loads and walking speeds in terms of physiological evaluation. The degree of maximum oxygen consumption changes at high altitudes was also examined. METHODS: Twelve Indian Army soldiers were acclimatized at altitudes of 3,505 m and 4,300 m. They walked for 10 minutes on a motorized treadmill at 2.5 km/h and 3.5 km/h speeds during carrying no loads and three magnitudes of load (10...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194278/burns-and-frostbite-in-the-red-army-during-world-war-ii
#8
Vladimir Sokolov, Alexey Biryukov, Igor Chmyrev, Mikhail Tarasenko, Pavel Kabanov
The start of World War II (WWII) led to the deployment of combat troops in several continents. Destruction and many casualties among both the military and civilians became an inevitable consequence. A large amount of people injured were in need of life-saving treatment and a speedy return to duty. Intensive studies of the specific issues of diagnosis and treatment of thermal injury were conducted in the Soviet Union before the war. The first special units for patients with burn injuries were created, and the first specialists received their first clinical experience...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174666/erratum-to-education-in-wound-care-curricula-for-doctors-and-nurses-and-experiences-from-the-german-wound-healing-society-icw
#9
Karl-Christian Münter
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40779-016-0094-1.].
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168040/role-of-the-il-33-st2-axis-in-sepsis
#10
REVIEW
Hui Xu, Heth R Turnquist, Rosemary Hoffman, Timothy R Billiar
Sepsis remains a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality. As new inflammatory mediators are characterized, it is important to understand their roles in sepsis. Interleukin 33 (IL-33) is a recently described member of the IL-1 family that is widely expressed in cells of barrier tissues. Upon tissue damage, IL-33 is released as an alarmin and activates various types of cells of both the innate and adaptive immune system through binding to the ST2/IL-1 receptor accessory protein complex. IL-33 has apparent pleiotropic functions in many disease models, with its actions strongly shaped by the local microenvironment...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116112/a-survey-of-knowledge-about-hepatitis-b-among-new-military-recruits-in-china
#11
Yuan-Yuan Li, Wei-Wei Chen, Lei Wei, Yang-Xin Xie, Li-Feng Wang, Jun-Liang Fu, Fu-Sheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is a disease that affects the liver and is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Hepatitis B is a serious public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge of and behaviours towards the transmission and prevention of hepatitis B of new military recruits in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 800 new military recruits. A self-administered, structured questionnaire was used to collect information, and 727 questionnaires were returned completed...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116111/a-review-of-the-physiological-and-psychological-health-and-wellbeing-of-naval-service-personnel-and-the-modalities-used-for-monitoring
#12
REVIEW
Cliodhna Sargent, Cormac Gebruers, Jim O'Mahony
Naval cohorts rely heavily on personnel to ensure the efficient running of naval organisations. As such, the wellbeing of personnel is essential. In an occupational setting, naval service personnel experience a variety of physiological and psychological stressors. Most naval services arrange annual physical fitness and body composition tests to ensure the physical readiness of personnel. However, these tests only evaluate a small amount of physiological capabilities. Components such as aerobic and strength capabilities are assessed, however, other components of physical fitness such as speed, agility, anaerobic capacity and flexibility are not...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050261/military-civilian-cooperative-emergency-response-to-infectious-disease-prevention-and-control-in-china
#13
Hui Ma, Ji-Ping Dong, Na Zhou, Wei Pu
In recent years, the incidence of severe infectious diseases has increased, and the number of emerging infectious diseases continues to increase. The Chinese government and military forces have paid a great deal of attention to infectious disease prevention and control, and using military-civilian cooperation, they have successfully prevented numerous severe epidemic situations, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), influenza A (H1N1), avian influenza H5N1 and H7N9, and Ebola hemorrhagic fever, while actively maintained public health, economic development, and national construction...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018669/effects-of-omeprazole-or-pantoprazole-on-platelet-function-in-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-receiving-clopidogrel
#14
Ruo-Xi Gu, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Jing Li, Jie Deng, Xing-Xing Li, Jiao Wang
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effect of omeprazole or pantoprazole on platelet reactivity in non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients receiving clopidogrel. METHODS: Consecutive patients with NSTE-ACS (n = 620) from general hospital of Shenyang Military Command were randomized to the omeprazole or pantoprazole (20 mg/d) group (1:1), and received routine dual antiplatelet treatment. Patients' reversion rate of adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet aggregation (ADP-PA) was assessed at baseline, 12 to 24 h after administration of medication, and after 72 h of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980800/association-between-smoking-and-the-risk-of-acute-mountain-sickness-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#15
Chen Xu, Hong-Xiang Lu, Yu-Xiao Wang, Yu Chen, Sheng-Hong Yang, Yong-Jun Luo
BACKGROUND: People rapidly ascending to high altitudes (>2500 m) may suffer from acute mountain sickness (AMS). The association between smoking and AMS risk remains unclear. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between smoking and AMS risk. METHODS: The association between smoking and AMS risk was determined according to predefined criteria established by our team. Meta-analysis was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942389/feasibility-study-of-emergency-intervention-for-vascular-injury-outside-the-hospital
#16
Ming Liang, Jing-Jing Rong, Jing-Yang Sun, Xiao-Zeng Wang, Fei Li, Geng Wang, Yan-Chun Liang, Ya-Ling Han
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery in the field of traumatic vascular injury diagnosis and treatment has achieved good results. This study was designed to determine whether pre-hospital emergency intervention is feasible for vascular injury in a field intervention cabin under the condition of war or a disaster site. METHODS: Different types of animal experiments of vascular injury intervention were performed in a field intervention cabin. Treatment capacity was evaluated by data collection, including duration of surgery, clinical evaluation, image clarity, and equipment handling...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895932/coagulation-complications-following-trauma
#17
REVIEW
Wenjun Z Martini
Traumatic injury is one of the leading causes of death, with uncontrolled hemorrhage from coagulation dysfunction as one of the main potentially preventable causes of the mortality. Hypothermia, acidosis, and resuscitative hemodilution have been considered as the significant contributors to coagulation manifestations following trauma, known as the lethal triad. Over the past decade, clinical observations showed that coagulopathy may be present as early as hospital admission in some severely injured trauma patients...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#18
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833759/early-prevention-of-trauma-related-infection-sepsis
#19
REVIEW
Xiao-Yuan Ma, Li-Xing Tian, Hua-Ping Liang
Trauma still represents one of the major causes of death worldwide. Despite the reduction of post-traumatic sepsis over the past two decades, the mortality of septic trauma inpatients is still high (19.5-23 %). Early prevention of sepsis development can aid in the subsequent treatment of patients and help improve their outcomes. To date, the prevention of trauma-related infection/sepsis has mainly included infection prevention (e.g., surgical management, prophylactic antibiotics, tetanus vaccination, immunomodulatory interventions) and organ dysfunction prevention (e...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800172/effect-of-westernization-on-oral-health-among-college-students-of-udaipur-city-india
#20
Piyush Pujara, Neeraj Sharma, Rujul Jayeshkumar Parikh, Maitri Shah, Shachi Parikh, Vivek Vadera, Manpreet Kaur, Isha Makkar, Mayur Parmar, Pratik Rupakar, Shrikant Patel
BACKGROUND: There is overwhelming evidence that periodontal disease and dental caries affect the majority of populations and that western culture and lifestyle may have a profound influence on oral health, especially in adults. The present study was performed to determine the effect of westernization on the oral health of college students of Udaipur City, Rajasthan. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among students attending various professional and non-professional bachelor's degree colleges of Udaipur City, Rajasthan, India, from March 2013 to May 2013...
2016: Military Medical Research
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