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Military Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598831/smoking-under-hypoxic-conditions-a-potent-environmental-risk-factor-for-inflammatory-and-autoimmune-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Md Saddam Hussain, Vishwas Tripathi
Autoimmune disease management presents a significant challenge to medical science. Environmental factors potentially increase the risk of developing inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. Among various environmental stresses, cigarette smoke and hypoxia have both been reported to lead to an enhanced risk of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.In this review, we shed light on all reported mechanisms whereby cigarette smoke and a hypoxic environment can induce inflammatory and autoimmune diseases and discuss how hypoxic conditions influence the cigarette smoke-induced threat of inflammatory and autoimmune disease development...
March 30, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562934/diagnostic-performance-and-problem-analysis-of-commercial-tuberculosis-antibody-detection-kits-in-china
#2
Xue-Juan Bai, You-Rong Yang, Jian-Qin Liang, Hui-Ru An, Jie Wang, Yan-Bo Ling, Zhong-Yuan Wang, Xue-Qiong Wu
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of bacterium-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and extra-pulmonary TB is challenging clinically. The detection of the anti-TB antibody has an important, auxiliary, clinical diagnostic value. Therefore, TB antibody detection kits should be screened and evaluated, and the reagents with the highest sensitivity and specificity should be chosen and used clinically. METHODS: The diagnostic performance of 7 commercially available TB antibody detection kits (kits A, B, C, D, E, F and G) based on the gold immunoassay detection of immunoglobulin (Ig) G or IgM antibodies were simultaneously evaluated and compared in 62 TB cases and 56 non-TB cases in a laboratory...
March 22, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554942/radiation-induced-inflammation-and-autoimmune-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Rasoul Yahyapour, Peyman Amini, Saeed Rezapour, Mohsen Cheki, Abolhasan Rezaeyan, Bagher Farhood, Dheyauldeen Shabeeb, Ahmed Eleojo Musa, Hengameh Fallah, Masoud Najafi
Currently, ionizing radiation (IR) plays a key role in the agricultural and medical industry, while accidental exposure resulting from leakage of radioactive sources or radiological terrorism is a serious concern. Exposure to IR has various detrimental effects on normal tissues. Although an increased risk of carcinogenesis is the best-known long-term consequence of IR, evidence has shown that other diseases, particularly diseases related to inflammation, are common disorders among irradiated people. Autoimmune disorders are among the various types of immune diseases that have been investigated among exposed people...
March 20, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502534/a-hypothesis-study-on-bionic-active-noise-reduction-of-auditory-organs
#4
Qing-Qing Jiang, Ning Yu, Shi-Ming Yang
BACKGROUND: Noise exposure can lead to hearing loss and multiple system dysfunctions. As various forms of noise exist in our living environments, and our auditory organs are very sensitive to acoustic stimuli, it is a challenge to protect our hearing system in certain noisy environments. PRESENTATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS: Herein, we propose that our hearing organ could serve as a noise eliminator for high intensity noise and enhance acoustic signal processing abilities by increasing the signal-noise ratio...
February 26, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502528/application-of-stem-cells-in-tissue-engineering-for-defense-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Chinedu Cletus Ude, Azizi Miskon, Ruszymah Bt Hj Idrus, Muhamad Bin Abu Bakar
The dynamic nature of modern warfare, including threats and injuries faced by soldiers, necessitates the development of countermeasures that address a wide variety of injuries. Tissue engineering has emerged as a field with the potential to provide contemporary solutions. In this review, discussions focus on the applications of stem cells in tissue engineering to address health risks frequently faced by combatants at war. Human development depends intimately on stem cells, the mysterious precursor to every kind of cell in the body that, with proper instruction, can grow and differentiate into any new tissue or organ...
February 26, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502527/expert-consensus-on-the-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-combat-injuries-of-the-chinese-people-s-liberation-army
#6
Zhao-Wen Zong, Lian-Yang Zhang, Hao Qin, Si-Xu Chen, Lin Zhang, Lei Yang, Xiao-Xue Li, Quan-Wei Bao, Dao-Cheng Liu, Si-Hao He, Yue Shen, Rong Zhang, Yu-Feng Zhao, Xiao-Zheng Zhong
The accurate assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries are the basis for triage and treatment of combat casualties. A consensus on the assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries was made and discussed at the second annual meeting of the Professional Committee on Disaster Medicine of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA). In this consensus agreement, the massive hemorrhage, airway, respiration, circulation and hypothermia (MARCH) algorithm, which is a simple triage and rapid treatment and field triage score, was recommended to assess combat casualties during the first-aid stage, whereas the abbreviated scoring method for combat casualty and the MARCH algorithm were recommended to assess combat casualties in level II facilities...
February 13, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502532/risk-factors-for-90-day-readmission-in-veterans-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-does-post-discharge-follow-up-matter
#7
Ashish Malhotra, Parkpoom Phatharacharukul, Charat Thongprayoon
BACKGROUND: Repeat hospitalizations in veterans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are understudied. The early readmission rate and potentially modifiable risk-factors for 90-day readmission in veterans with IBD were studied to avert avoidable readmissions. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the data from veterans who were admitted to the Minneapolis VA Medical Center (MVMC) between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013, for an IBD-related problem...
February 8, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502533/the-prevalence-rates-of-major-chronic-diseases-in-retired-and-in-service-chinese-military-officers-2000-2016-a-meta-analysis
#8
Thermite Mara, Long-Teng Ma, Shuo Wang, Ling Wang, Fan Yang, Jia-Hui Song, Yi-Chun Cao, Jian-Hua Yin, Guang-Wen Cao
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases cause a tremendous burden to the military medical system. However, the prevalence rates of major chronic diseases among military officers remain unclear in China. METHODS: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP), PubMed and Web of Science were searched for studies (from 2000 to 2016) concerning 6 major chronic diseases: hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Chinese military officers following strict inclusion and exclusion criteria...
January 30, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502526/a-hypothesis-study-on-a-four-period-prevention-model-for-high-altitude-disease
#9
Xian-Sheng Liu, Xiang-Rong Yang, Lu Liu, Xian-Kui Qin, Yu-Qi Gao
BACKGROUND: High altitude disease (HAD) can reduce combat effectiveness and damage the health of soldiers at high altitudes. The objective of this hypothesis study is to build a four-period prevention model for high altitude disease that can be applied at high altitudes of over 3000 m. PRESENTATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS: We divided the time at high altitude into nine periods, with three stages from the ascent preparation to the descent to the plain, and applied a continuous dynamic and systematic four-period prevention model across the nine periods...
January 24, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502531/assistive-technologies-for-pain-management-in-people-with-amputation-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush, Mohammad Yusuf Rastkhadiv
The prevalence of limb amputation is increasing globally as a devastating experience that can physically and psychologically affect the lifestyle of a person. The residual limb pain and phantom limb pain are common disabling sequelae after amputation surgery. Assistive devices/technologies can be used to relieve pain in people with amputation. The existing assistive devices/technologies for pain management in people with amputation include electrical nerve block devices/technologies, TENS units, elastomeric pumps and catheters, residual limb covers, laser systems, myoelectric prostheses and virtual reality systems, etc...
January 23, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502529/effects-of-therapeutic-horseback-riding-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans
#11
Rebecca A Johnson, David L Albright, James R Marzolf, Jessica L Bibbo, Hayley D Yaglom, Sandra M Crowder, Gretchen K Carlisle, Amy Willard, Cynthia L Russell, Karen Grindler, Steven Osterlind, Marita Wassman, Nathan Harms
BACKGROUND: Large numbers of post-deployment U.S. veterans are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI), leading to an urgent need for effective interventions to reduce symptoms and increase veterans' coping. PTSD includes anxiety, flashbacks, and emotional numbing. The symptoms increase health care costs for stress-related illnesses and can make veterans' civilian life difficult. METHODS: We used a randomized wait-list controlled design with repeated measures of U...
January 19, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502530/successful-use-of-closed-loop-allostatic-neurotechnology-for-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-military-personnel-self-reported-and-autonomic-improvements
#12
Catherine L Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Jared F Cook, Sean L Simpson, Sung W Lee, Charles H Tegeler
BACKGROUND: Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is a noninvasive, closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology that produces real-time translation of dominant brain frequencies into audible tones of variable pitch and timing to support the auto-calibration of neural oscillations. We report clinical, autonomic, and functional effects after the use of HIRREM® for symptoms of military-related PTS...
December 22, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502525/health-related-quality-of-life-and-the-ability-to-perform-activities-of-daily-living-a-cross-sectional-study-on-1079-war-veterans-with-ankle-foot-disorders
#13
Mostafa Allami, Amir Yavari, Amir Karimi, Mehdi Masoumi, Mohammadreza Soroush, Elahe Faraji
BACKGROUND: The ankle-foot injuries are among the war-related injuries that cause many serious secondary problems for a lifetime. This nationwide study aimed to assess health-related quality of life and the ability to perform activities of daily living in veterans with ankle-foot injuries due to the Iran-Iraq war. METHODS: A total of 1079 veterans with ankle-foot injuries were enrolled in a cross-sectional study from 2014 to 2016. Demographic characteristics, including age, gender, marital status, disability percent, educational level, employment and additional injuries, were collected...
November 29, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502519/identifying-prognostic-factors-for-conservative-treatment-outcomes-in-servicemen-with-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-treated-at-a-rehabilitation-center
#14
Mariëtte Z Meulekamp, Peter van der Wurff, Alfred van der Meer, Cees Lucas
BACKGROUND: Chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) is a condition of pain induced by exercise, and it is characterized by muscle swelling and impaired muscle function in the lower leg. Given the diversity in the diagnosis and treatment of CECS, it is desirable to determine variables pertaining to prognosis and recovery. The purpose of this study is to identify prognostic factors for conservative treatment outcomes in servicemen with CECS who were treated at a Military Rehabilitation Center...
November 28, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502518/establishment-and-evaluation-of-a-theater-influenza-monitoring-platform
#15
Jian Wang, Hui-Suo Yang, Bing Deng, Meng-Jing Shi, Xiang-Da Li, Qing-Gong Nian, Wen-Jing Song, Feng Bing, Qing-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease with a high incidence rate in the Chinese army, which directly disturbs military training and affects soldiers' health. Influenza surveillance systems are widely used around the world and play an important role in influenza epidemic prevention and control. METHODS: As a theater centers for disease prevention and control, we established an influenza monitoring platform (IMP) in 2014 to strengthen the monitoring of influenza-like illness and influenza virus infection...
November 20, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502521/beneficial-effects-of-a-novel-shark-skin-collagen-dressing-for-the-promotion-of-seawater-immersion-wound-healing
#16
Xian-Rong Shen, Xiu-Li Chen, Hai-Xia Xie, Ying He, Wei Chen, Qun Luo, Wei-Hong Yuan, Xue Tang, Deng-Yong Hou, Ding-Wen Jiang, Qing-Rong Wang
BACKGROUND: Wounded personnel who work at sea often encounter a plethora of difficulties. The most important of these difficulties is seawater immersion. Common medical dressings have little effect when the affected area is immersed in seawater, and only rarely dressings have been reported for the treatment of seawater-immersed wounds. The objective of this study is to develop a new dressing which should be suitable to prevent the wound from seawater immersion and to promote the wound healing...
October 27, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502517/strategy-and-technology-to-prevent-hospital-acquired-infections-lessons-from-sars-ebola-and-mers-in-asia-and-west-africa
#17
REVIEW
Sanjeewa Jayachandra Rajakaruna, Wen-Bin Liu, Yi-Bo Ding, Guang-Wen Cao
Hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) are serious problems for healthcare systems, especially in developing countries where public health infrastructure and technology for infection preventions remain undeveloped. Here, we characterized how strategy and technology could be mobilized to improve the effectiveness of infection prevention and control in hospitals during the outbreaks of Ebola, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Asia and West Africa. Published literature on the hospital-borne outbreaks of SARS, Ebola, and MERS in Asia and West Africa was comprehensively reviewed...
October 27, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502523/self-reported-dietary-supplement-use-in-deployed-united-states-service-members-pre-deployment-vs-during-deployment-afghanistan-2013-2014
#18
Shawn M Varney, Patrick C Ng, Crystal A Perez, Allyson A Araña, Edwin R Austin, Rosemarie G Ramos, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement use (protein/amino acids, weight-loss supplements, performance enhancers) is common among U.S. military members. Reported dietary supplement use in deployed troops is limited and is of concern in settings where troops are exposed to high ambient temperatures, increased physical demands, and dehydration. Our objective was to describe dietary supplement use and adverse events (AEs) among deployed U.S. service members compared with their pre-deployment use...
October 26, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502535/from-nuclear-submarines-to-graduate-medical-education-applying-david-marquet-s-intent-based-leadership-model
#19
LETTER
Camilo Fernandez-Salvador, Rebecca Oney, Sungjin A Song, Macario Camacho
L. David Marquet, a decorated Navy Captain, transformed an underperforming submarine crew by empowering his subordinates to be leaders and reach their full potential. He called this intent-based leadership (IBL). What would happen if Marquet's model were implemented in Graduate Medical Education (GME)?In this letter to the editor, we summarize the potential of the IBL model in graduate medical education as opposed to the traditional leader-follower method. IBL harnesses human productivity toward the shared goals of GME, which are patient care and trainee learning...
October 11, 2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502520/mental-health-among-iranian-combat-veterans-with-ankle-foot-neuromusculoskeletal-injuries
#20
Arsia Taghva, Mostafa Allami, Kamyab Alizadeh, Anahita Zandi, Elahe Faraji, Zohreh Ganjparvar
BACKGROUND: Veterans with purely physical disorders, such as ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders, are often neglected in psychological assessments because mental health evaluations are usually focused on those with a psychological disturbance or with a high percentage of injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychological condition of veterans with ankle-foot neuromusculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed between 2014 and 2016 on veterans with war-related ankle-foot injuries living in two provinces of Iran...
September 26, 2017: Military Medical Research
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