journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Military Medical Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848381/infectious-diseases-during-the-european-union-training-mission-mali-eutm-mli-a-four-year-experience
#1
Hagen Frickmann, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Florian Geiselbrechtinger, Nagpal Hoysal
BACKGROUND: The European Union Training Mission Mali (EUTM MLI) is a multinational military training deployment to the Western African tropical nation of Mali. Based on routinely collected disease and non-battle injury surveillance data, this study quantifies the true impact of infectious diseases for this tropical mission and potential seasonal variations in infectious disease threats. METHODS: Categorized health events during the EUTM MLI mission and associated lost working days were reported using the EpiNATO-2 report...
May 31, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843821/on-orbit-sleep-problems-of-astronauts-and-countermeasures
#2
REVIEW
Bin Wu, Yue Wang, Xiaorui Wu, Dong Liu, Dong Xu, Fei Wang
Sufficient sleep duration and good sleep quality are crucial to ensure normal physical and mental health, cognition and work performance for the common people, as well as astronauts. On-orbit sleep problem is very common among astronauts and has potential detrimental influences on the health of crewmembers and the safety of flight missions. Sleep in space is becoming a new medical research frontier. In this review we summarized on-orbit sleep problems of astronauts and six kinds of causes, and we presented the effects of lack of sleep on performance as well as mental and physical health, then we proposed seven kinds of countermeasures for sleep disturbance in spaceflight, including pharmacologic interventions, light treatment, crew selection and training, Traditional Chinese Medicine and so on...
May 30, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793555/factors-affecting-use-of-ballistics-gelatin-in-laboratory-studies-of-bacterial-contamination-in-projectile-wounds
#3
Jessica J Evans, Aaron Bost, Karim H Muci-Küchler, Linda C DeVeaux
BACKGROUND: Ballistics gelatin is a common tissue surrogate used in bacterial contamination models for projectile wounds. Although these studies have demonstrated that bacteria are transferred from the surface of the gelatin to the wound track by a projectile, quantifiable results have been inconsistent and not repeatable in successive tests. METHODS: In this study, five areas of a typical contamination model in which bacterial recovery or survival are affected were identified for optimization...
May 25, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784038/chronic-traumatic-ankle-and-foot-osteomyelitis-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#4
Maryam Hosseini, Mostafa Allami, Mohammadreza Soroush, Fateme Babaha, Javad Minooeefar, Davood Rahimpoor
BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis (OM) is an atypical consequence of ankle-foot trauma which is associated with long-term mental and physical morbidity and persistent pain. This study aimed to assess the health status of OM patients with war-related ankle-foot injuries. METHODS: A total of 1129 veterans with ankle-foot injuries participated in a case-control study (2014-2016). Thirty patients with chronic OM of the ankle-foot were compared with 90 non-OM participants as the control group...
May 15, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807538/effects-of-spaceflight-and-simulated-microgravity-on-microbial-growth-and-secondary-metabolism
#5
REVIEW
Bing Huang, Dian-Geng Li, Ying Huang, Chang-Ting Liu
Spaceflight and ground-based microgravity analog experiments have suggested that microgravity can affect microbial growth and metabolism. Although the effects of microgravity and its analogs on microorganisms have been studied for more than 50 years, plausible conflicting and diverse results have frequently been reported in different experiments, especially regarding microbial growth and secondary metabolism. Until now, only the responses of a few typical microbes to microgravity have been investigated; systematic studies of the genetic and phenotypic responses of these microorganisms to microgravity in space are still insufficient due to technological and logistical hurdles...
May 14, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747689/association-between-acute-mountain-sickness-ams-and-age-a-meta-analysis
#6
Yu Wu, Chi Zhang, Yu Chen, Yong-Jun Luo
BACKGROUND: Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is a potentially lethal condition caused by acute hypoxia after ascending to altitudes higher than 2500 m in a short time. The main symptom of AMS is headache. Numerous risk factors of AMS have been examined, including gender, obesity, ascent rate, age and individual susceptibility. In previous studies, age was considered a predisposing factor for AMS. However, different opinions have been raised in recent years. To clarify the association between AMS and age, we conducted this meta-analysis...
May 11, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695298/pyruvate-is-a-prospective-alkalizer-to-correct-hypoxic-lactic-acidosis
#7
REVIEW
Ying Wang, Ya Huang, Jing Yang, Fang-Qiang Zhou, Lian Zhao, Hong Zhou
Type A lactic acidosis resulted from hypoxic mitochondrial dysfunction is an independent predictor of mortality for critically ill patients. However, current therapeutic agents are still in shortage and can even be harmful. This paper reviewed data regarding lactic acidosis treatment and recommended that pyruvate might be a potential alkalizer to correct type A lactic acidosis in future clinical practice. Pyruvate is a key energy metabolic substrate and a pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activator with several unique beneficial biological properties, including anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and the ability to activate the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α) - erythropoietin (EPO) signal pathway...
April 26, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673398/assessment-of-orthotic-needs-in-iranian-veterans-with-ankle-and-foot-disorders
#8
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush
BACKGROUND: War-related traumas can lead to orthopedic and neurological disorders in victims. However, the scope of such disorders may expand months or even years after the trauma. Orthotic treatment as a rehabilitation process aims to enable people with disabilities to reach and maintain their optimal physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological, and social functional levels. This study aimed to investigate the rate of using orthoses among Iranian veterans with neuromuscular and skeletal disorders of the ankle and foot...
April 20, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598831/smoking-under-hypoxic-conditions-a-potent-environmental-risk-factor-for-inflammatory-and-autoimmune-diseases
#9
REVIEW
Md Saddam Hussain, Vishwas Tripathi
Autoimmune disease management presents a significant challenge to medical science. Environmental factors potentially increase the risk of developing inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus. Among various environmental stresses, cigarette smoke and hypoxia have both been reported to lead to an enhanced risk of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.In this review, we shed light on all reported mechanisms whereby cigarette smoke and a hypoxic environment can induce inflammatory and autoimmune diseases and discuss how hypoxic conditions influence the cigarette smoke-induced threat of inflammatory and autoimmune disease development...
March 30, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562934/diagnostic-performance-and-problem-analysis-of-commercial-tuberculosis-antibody-detection-kits-in-china
#10
Xue-Juan Bai, You-Rong Yang, Jian-Qin Liang, Hui-Ru An, Jie Wang, Yan-Bo Ling, Zhong-Yuan Wang, Xue-Qiong Wu
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of bacterium-negative pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and extra-pulmonary TB is challenging clinically. The detection of the anti-TB antibody has an important, auxiliary, clinical diagnostic value. Therefore, TB antibody detection kits should be screened and evaluated, and the reagents with the highest sensitivity and specificity should be chosen and used clinically. METHODS: The diagnostic performance of 7 commercially available TB antibody detection kits (kits A, B, C, D, E, F and G) based on the gold immunoassay detection of immunoglobulin (Ig) G or IgM antibodies were simultaneously evaluated and compared in 62 TB cases and 56 non-TB cases in a laboratory...
March 22, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554942/radiation-induced-inflammation-and-autoimmune-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Rasoul Yahyapour, Peyman Amini, Saeed Rezapour, Mohsen Cheki, Abolhasan Rezaeyan, Bagher Farhood, Dheyauldeen Shabeeb, Ahmed Eleojo Musa, Hengameh Fallah, Masoud Najafi
Currently, ionizing radiation (IR) plays a key role in the agricultural and medical industry, while accidental exposure resulting from leakage of radioactive sources or radiological terrorism is a serious concern. Exposure to IR has various detrimental effects on normal tissues. Although an increased risk of carcinogenesis is the best-known long-term consequence of IR, evidence has shown that other diseases, particularly diseases related to inflammation, are common disorders among irradiated people. Autoimmune disorders are among the various types of immune diseases that have been investigated among exposed people...
March 20, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502534/a-hypothesis-study-on-bionic-active-noise-reduction-of-auditory-organs
#12
Qing-Qing Jiang, Ning Yu, Shi-Ming Yang
BACKGROUND: Noise exposure can lead to hearing loss and multiple system dysfunctions. As various forms of noise exist in our living environments, and our auditory organs are very sensitive to acoustic stimuli, it is a challenge to protect our hearing system in certain noisy environments. PRESENTATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS: Herein, we propose that our hearing organ could serve as a noise eliminator for high intensity noise and enhance acoustic signal processing abilities by increasing the signal-noise ratio...
February 26, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502528/application-of-stem-cells-in-tissue-engineering-for-defense-medicine
#13
REVIEW
Chinedu Cletus Ude, Azizi Miskon, Ruszymah Bt Hj Idrus, Muhamad Bin Abu Bakar
The dynamic nature of modern warfare, including threats and injuries faced by soldiers, necessitates the development of countermeasures that address a wide variety of injuries. Tissue engineering has emerged as a field with the potential to provide contemporary solutions. In this review, discussions focus on the applications of stem cells in tissue engineering to address health risks frequently faced by combatants at war. Human development depends intimately on stem cells, the mysterious precursor to every kind of cell in the body that, with proper instruction, can grow and differentiate into any new tissue or organ...
February 26, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502527/expert-consensus-on-the-evaluation-and-diagnosis-of-combat-injuries-of-the-chinese-people-s-liberation-army
#14
Zhao-Wen Zong, Lian-Yang Zhang, Hao Qin, Si-Xu Chen, Lin Zhang, Lei Yang, Xiao-Xue Li, Quan-Wei Bao, Dao-Cheng Liu, Si-Hao He, Yue Shen, Rong Zhang, Yu-Feng Zhao, Xiao-Zheng Zhong
The accurate assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries are the basis for triage and treatment of combat casualties. A consensus on the assessment and diagnosis of combat injuries was made and discussed at the second annual meeting of the Professional Committee on Disaster Medicine of the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA). In this consensus agreement, the massive hemorrhage, airway, respiration, circulation and hypothermia (MARCH) algorithm, which is a simple triage and rapid treatment and field triage score, was recommended to assess combat casualties during the first-aid stage, whereas the abbreviated scoring method for combat casualty and the MARCH algorithm were recommended to assess combat casualties in level II facilities...
February 13, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502532/risk-factors-for-90-day-readmission-in-veterans-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-does-post-discharge-follow-up-matter
#15
Ashish Malhotra, Parkpoom Phatharacharukul, Charat Thongprayoon
BACKGROUND: Repeat hospitalizations in veterans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are understudied. The early readmission rate and potentially modifiable risk-factors for 90-day readmission in veterans with IBD were studied to avert avoidable readmissions. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the data from veterans who were admitted to the Minneapolis VA Medical Center (MVMC) between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013, for an IBD-related problem...
February 8, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502533/the-prevalence-rates-of-major-chronic-diseases-in-retired-and-in-service-chinese-military-officers-2000-2016-a-meta-analysis
#16
Thermite Mara, Long-Teng Ma, Shuo Wang, Ling Wang, Fan Yang, Jia-Hui Song, Yi-Chun Cao, Jian-Hua Yin, Guang-Wen Cao
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases cause a tremendous burden to the military medical system. However, the prevalence rates of major chronic diseases among military officers remain unclear in China. METHODS: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, VIP Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP), PubMed and Web of Science were searched for studies (from 2000 to 2016) concerning 6 major chronic diseases: hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, heart diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in Chinese military officers following strict inclusion and exclusion criteria...
January 30, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502526/a-hypothesis-study-on-a-four-period-prevention-model-for-high-altitude-disease
#17
Xian-Sheng Liu, Xiang-Rong Yang, Lu Liu, Xian-Kui Qin, Yu-Qi Gao
BACKGROUND: High altitude disease (HAD) can reduce combat effectiveness and damage the health of soldiers at high altitudes. The objective of this hypothesis study is to build a four-period prevention model for high altitude disease that can be applied at high altitudes of over 3000 m. PRESENTATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS: We divided the time at high altitude into nine periods, with three stages from the ascent preparation to the descent to the plain, and applied a continuous dynamic and systematic four-period prevention model across the nine periods...
January 24, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502531/assistive-technologies-for-pain-management-in-people-with-amputation-a-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Kamiar Ghoseiri, Mostafa Allami, Mohammad Reza Soroush, Mohammad Yusuf Rastkhadiv
The prevalence of limb amputation is increasing globally as a devastating experience that can physically and psychologically affect the lifestyle of a person. The residual limb pain and phantom limb pain are common disabling sequelae after amputation surgery. Assistive devices/technologies can be used to relieve pain in people with amputation. The existing assistive devices/technologies for pain management in people with amputation include electrical nerve block devices/technologies, TENS units, elastomeric pumps and catheters, residual limb covers, laser systems, myoelectric prostheses and virtual reality systems, etc...
January 23, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502529/effects-of-therapeutic-horseback-riding-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-military-veterans
#19
Rebecca A Johnson, David L Albright, James R Marzolf, Jessica L Bibbo, Hayley D Yaglom, Sandra M Crowder, Gretchen K Carlisle, Amy Willard, Cynthia L Russell, Karen Grindler, Steven Osterlind, Marita Wassman, Nathan Harms
BACKGROUND: Large numbers of post-deployment U.S. veterans are diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and/or traumatic brain injury (TBI), leading to an urgent need for effective interventions to reduce symptoms and increase veterans' coping. PTSD includes anxiety, flashbacks, and emotional numbing. The symptoms increase health care costs for stress-related illnesses and can make veterans' civilian life difficult. METHODS: We used a randomized wait-list controlled design with repeated measures of U...
January 19, 2018: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502530/successful-use-of-closed-loop-allostatic-neurotechnology-for-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-military-personnel-self-reported-and-autonomic-improvements
#20
Catherine L Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Jared F Cook, Sean L Simpson, Sung W Lee, Charles H Tegeler
BACKGROUND: Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is a noninvasive, closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology that produces real-time translation of dominant brain frequencies into audible tones of variable pitch and timing to support the auto-calibration of neural oscillations. We report clinical, autonomic, and functional effects after the use of HIRREM® for symptoms of military-related PTS...
December 22, 2017: Military Medical Research
journal
journal
49921
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"