Read by QxMD icon Read

Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease

Bhanu Prasad, Michelle Urbanski, Thomas W Ferguson, Erwin Karreman, Nav Tangri
BACKGROUND: Patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT) have an increased short-term and long-term risk of mortality. In most North American intensive care units (ICUs), these patients receive continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). OBJECTIVE: We aim to identify clinical and demographic factors associated with mortality within 24 h of initiating CRRT. DESIGN: This paper is a prospective cohort study...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Lauren Galbraith, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Braden Manns, Susan Samuel, Joanne Kappel, Nadine Valk, Paul Ronksley
BACKGROUND: Health behaviour change is an important component of management for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, the optimal method to promote health behaviour change for self-management of CKD is unknown. The See Kidney Disease (SeeKD) targeted screening programme screened Canadians at risk for CKD and promoted health behaviour change through individual counselling and goal setting. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to determine the effectiveness of individual counselling sessions for eliciting behaviour change and to describe participant characteristics associated with behaviour change...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Shawna Mann, Michael A Seidman, Sean J Barbour, Adeera Levin, Mollie Carruthers, Luke Y C Chen
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibroinflammatory disorder affecting nearly all organs, including the kidney. Tubulointerstitial nephritis (IgG4-TIN) is the most common form of IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD) and is the focus of this concise review. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to describe when IgG4-TIN should be suspected and to summarize the diagnosis, treatment, and natural history of the disease. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: Ovid MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and PubMed were searched for full-text English language articles up to January 2016...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Krishna Poinen, Matthew J Oliver, Pietro Ravani, Sabine N Van der Veer, Kitty J Jager, Wim Van Biesen, Kevan R Polkinghorne, Aviva Rosenfeld, Adriane M Lewin, Mandeep Dulai, Robert R Quinn
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines favor fistulas over catheters as vascular access. Yet, the observational literature comparing fistulas to catheters has important limitations and biases that may be difficult to overcome in the absence of randomization. However, it is not clear if physicians would be willing to participate in a clinical trial comparing fistulas to catheters. OBJECTIVES: We also sought to elicit participants' opinions on willingness to participate in a future trial regarding catheters and fistulas...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Jeremy A Saban, Michael Zappitelli, Susan M Samuel, Manish M Sood, R Todd Alexander, Steven Arora, Robin L Erickson, Kristine Kroeker, Braden J Manns, Allison B Dart
BACKGROUND: Significant practice variation exists in Canada with respect to timing of dialysis initiation in children. In the absence of evidence to guide practice, physicians' perceptions may significantly influence decision-making. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to (1) evaluate Canadian pediatric nephrologists' perceptions regarding dialysis initiation in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and (2) determine the factors guiding practice that may contribute to practice variation across Canada...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Barry A Cohen, Mark J Courtney, Louise M Moist, James Barton
BACKGROUND: A critical feature of any continuing medical education (CME) program is the inclusion of a needs assessment for its target audience. This assessment must identify both perceived and unperceived needs, so as to best capture the entire spectrum of learning opportunities for the group. OBJECTIVE: We describe the process developed by the Canadian Society of Nephrology (CSN) to enhance the educational effectiveness of its Annual General Meeting program. DESIGN: The design of this study is the analysis of a survey questionnaire and of the Canadian Organ Replacement Registry (CORR) database...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Andrea Harvey, Michael Walsh, Arsh K Jain, Eric Bosch, Cathy Moreau, Jocelyn Garland, K Scott Brimble
BACKGROUND: Despite many advantages over facility-based therapies, less than 25 % of prevalent dialysis patients in Ontario are on a home therapy. Interactive health communication applications, web-based packages for patients, have been shown to have a beneficial effect on knowledge, social support, self-efficacy, and behavioral and clinical outcomes but have not been evaluated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Web-based tools designed for patients with CKD exist but to our knowledge have not been assessed in their ability to influence dialysis modality decision-making...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Rukhsana Foster, Thomas W Ferguson, Claudio Rigatto, Blake Lerner, Navdeep Tangri, Paul Komenda
BACKGROUND: Reactivation of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI) is a health concern for patients on dialysis or receiving a kidney transplant, as these patients are often immunosuppressed. The most frequently used test for LTBI screening in this population is the tuberculin skin test (TST). The diagnostic accuracy (sensitivity and specificity) of the TST in a contemporary North American or Western European dialysis population is unknown. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to determine the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of the two-step TST in patients receiving dialysis...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Bourne L Auguste, Darren Yuen, Christopher T Chan
BACKGROUND: Compared with the general population, end-stage renal disease patients are at increased risk for bone loss and fractures. Nocturnal hemodialysis offers superior calcium-phosphate control and improved uremic clearance compared with conventional hemodialysis. Rates of bone loss by type of hemodialysis are unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine whether there are differences in bone loss between frequent nocturnal hemodialysis and conventional hemodialysis...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
David Collister, Randall Russell, Josee Verdon, Monica Beaulieu, Adeera Levin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize a jointly held symposium by the Canadian Society of Nephrology (CSN), the Canadian Association of Nephrology Administrators (CANA), and the Canadian Kidney Knowledge Translation and Generation Network (CANN-NET) entitled "Perspectives on Optimizing Care of Patients in Multidisciplinary Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Clinics" that was held on April 24, 2015, in Montreal, Quebec. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The panel consisted of a variety of members from across Canada including a multidisciplinary CKD clinic patient (Randall Russell), nephrology fellow (Dr...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
David R Ward, Braden Manns, Sarah Gil, Flora Au, Joanne E Kappel
BACKGROUND: Nephrology was previously identified as a subspecialty with few Canadian employment opportunities, and in recent years, fewer trainees are choosing nephrology. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to better understand the current Canadian adult nephrology workforce and the expected workforce trends over the next 5 years. DESIGN: This is an online self-administered survey. SETTING: This study is set in Canada...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Carlos Edgardo Rodríguez-Angarita, Rafael Mauricio Sanabria-Arenas, Juan Diego Vargas-Jaramillo, Izcay Ronderos-Botero
BACKGROUND: Growth of the elderly population is linked to the increase of comorbid conditions such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), depression, and cognitive impairment (CI). Cognitive impairment can vary from minimal deficits in the normal aging, to mild cognitive impairment with a prevalence ranging from 1 to 29 % in people ≥ 65 years of age, up to severe impairment with a prevalence of 6 to 42 %. The CI induced by depression usually affects the functional performance of the elderly...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Chris Lata, Louis Girard, Michael Parkins, Matthew T James
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are at a high risk of bacterial infection. We reviewed publications on risk factors, prevention, and treatment paradigms, as well as outcomes associated with bacterial infection in end-stage kidney disease. We focused in particular on studies conducted in Canada where rates of haemodialysis catheter use are high. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: We included original research articles in English text identified from MEDLINE using search terms 'chronic kidney failure', 'renal dialysis', or 'chronic renal insufficiency', and 'bacterial infection'...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Tess Montada-Atin, Diana Choi, Minna Woo, Ravi Retnakaran, Michael Huang, G V Ramesh Prasad, Jeffrey S Zaltzman
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) protect mice against the development of diabetes through direct effects on pancreatic ß cells. However, the effect of ESAs on the incidence of diabetes in humans has not been well studied. It is unknown whether exposure to ESAs is associated with a reduced incidence of new-onset diabetes after transplant (NODAT). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between ESA exposure post-renal transplant and the development of NODAT...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Richard F Singer, Oliver Williams, Chari Mercado, Bonny Chen, Girish Talaulikar, Giles Walters, Darren M Roberts
BACKGROUND: Regional citrate hemodialysis anticoagulation is used when heparin is contraindicated, but most protocols require large infusions of calcium and frequent intradialytic plasma ionized calcium measurements. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the safety, efficacy, and effect on calcium balance of regional citrate anticoagulation using sparse plasma ionized calcium sampling. DESIGN: The design of this study was observational...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Sonja Gandhi, Eric McArthur, Jeffrey P Reiss, Muhammad M Mamdani, Daniel G Hackam, Matthew A Weir, Amit X Garg
BACKGROUND: A number of case reports have suggested a possible association between atypical antipsychotic medications and hyponatremia. Currently, there are no reliable estimates of hyponatremia risk from atypical antipsychotic drugs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the 30-day risk of hospitalization with hyponatremia in older adults dispensed an atypical antipsychotic drug relative to no antipsychotic use. DESIGN: The design of this study was a retrospective, population-based cohort study...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Amber O Molnar, Carl van Walraven, Eric McArthur, Dean Fergusson, Amit X Garg, Greg Knoll
BACKGROUND: Validation studies of acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnostic codes performed in the general population have shown poor sensitivity, but the accuracy of such codes in the kidney transplant population remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the accuracy of AKI diagnostic codes in kidney transplant recipients. We hypothesized that the sensitivity of diagnostic codes would be significantly greater in the kidney transplant population since these patients are closely followed by nephrologists and are more likely to have serum creatinine measured...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Helen Tam-Tham, Brenda Hemmelgarn, David Campbell, Chandra Thomas, Robert Quinn, Karen Fruetel, Kathryn King-Shier
BACKGROUND: Guideline committees have identified the need for research to inform the provision of conservative care for older adults with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) who have a high burden of comorbidity or functional impairment. We will use both qualitative and quantitative methodologies to provide a comprehensive understanding of barriers and facilitators to care for these patients in primary care. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives are to (1) interview primary care physicians to determine their perspectives of conservative care for older adults with stage 5 CKD and (2) survey primary care physicians to determine the prevalence of key barriers and facilitators to provision of conservative care for older adults with stage 5 CKD...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Rosendo A Rodriguez, Valerie Cronin, Timothy Ramsay, Deborah Zimmerman, Marcel Ruzicka, Kevin D Burns
BACKGROUND: In end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, increased arterial stiffness detected by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) is associated with fatal cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Since cf-PWV is an operator-dependent technique, poor reproducibility may be a source of bias in the estimation of arterial stiffness. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the week-to-week reproducibility of cf-PWV and radial artery pulse wave analysis in healthy subjects and ESRD patients...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Torey Lau, Sharon Leung, Wynnie Lau
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Uremic pruritus (UP) is a common discomfort of dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease. Some studies suggest a neuropathic cause of UP. Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant, has shown promising results as an emerging drug to treat this condition. OBJECTIVE: An updated qualitative systematic review was conducted to evaluate its efficacy and safety in hemodialysis patients. SOURCE OF INFORMATION: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Clinicaltrials...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"