Lisa M Miller, Jennifer M MacRae, Mercedeh Kiaii, Edward Clark, Christine Dipchand, Joanne Kappel, Charmaine Lok, Rick Luscombe, Louise Moist, Matthew Oliver, Pamela Pike, Swapnil Hiremath
Noninfectious hemodialysis catheter complications include catheter dysfunction, catheter-related thrombus, and central vein stenosis. The definitions, causes, and treatment strategies for catheter dysfunction are reviewed below. Catheter-related thrombus is a less common but serious complication of catheters, requiring catheter removal and systemic anticoagulation. In addition, the risk factors, clinical manifestation, and treatment options for central vein stenosis are outlined.
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease