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BMC Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239482/aggressive-clinical-approach-to-obesity-improves-metabolic-and-clinical-outcomes-and-can-prevent-bariatric-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#1
Flavio A Cadegiani, Gustavo C Diniz, Gabriella Alves
BACKGROUND: The number of bariatric procedures has exponentially increased in the past decade, as a result of the lack of successful clinical weight-loss interventions. The main reasons for the failure of clinical obesity management are: (1) anti-obesity medications are administered as monotherapies (or pre-combined drugs); (2) lack of combination between pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological modalities; (3) short duration of pharmacotherapy for obesity; (4) lack of weight-loss maintenance strategies; (5) misunderstanding of the complex pathophysiology of obesity; and (6) underprescription of anti-obesity medications...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191322/informing-the-development-and-uptake-of-a-weight-management-intervention-for-preconception-a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-patient-and-provider-perceptions
#2
Samantha M Harden, NithyaPriya S Ramalingam, Kathryn E Wilson, Emily Evans-Hoeker
BACKGROUND: It is recommended for women to have a healthy body mass index before conception. However, there is limited research on appropriate preconception interventions for weight loss. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge on providers' willingness to refer to particular behavioral interventions and the degree to which patients would attend those interventions. METHODS: A cross-section of 67 patients and 21 providers completed surveys related to their demographics and willingness to refer/attend a number of interventions for weight loss...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163924/overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-3-13%C3%A2-years-in-urban-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study-of-prevalence-and-association-with-socio-economic-status
#3
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Josiane Kamdeu-Chedeu, Sam D Leary, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel N Nebongo, Christoph Akazong, Yacouba N Mapoure, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Jean-François Gautier, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight/obesity is increasing rapidly in developing countries. There is a need to provide more evidence on its burden in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify associated factors in order to set preventive measures. We aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and assess its association with the socioeconomic status in nursery and primary school children in urban Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included by multi-staged cluster random sampling 1343 children from high (HSES, n = 673) and low (LSES, n = 670) socioeconomic status schools in Douala...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138392/neuropsychological-function-in-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hanna L Sargénius, Stian Lydersen, Knut Hestad
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown cognitive dysfunction to be present in a significant number of individuals with obesity. The objective of this study was to assess the neuropsychological profile of morbidly obese patients referred to weight-loss treatment. METHODS: An extensive battery of neuropsychological tests with well-known normative data covering various cognitive domains was administered to 96 patients. The test results were transformed to z-scores for comparisons with normative data...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127440/complex-association-between-rural-urban-residence-household-wealth-and-women-s-overweight-evidence-from-30-cross-sectional-national-household-surveys-in-africa
#5
Nyovani Janet Madise, Gobopamang Letamo
BACKGROUND: We sought to demonstrate that the relationship between urban or rural residence and overweight status among women in Sub-Saharan Africa is complex and confounded by wealth status. METHODS: We applied multilevel logistic regression to data from 30 sub-Saharan African countries which were collected between 2006 and 2012 to examine the association between women's overweight status (body mass index ≥ 25) and household wealth, rural or urban place of residence, and their interaction...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097013/randomised-double-blind-clinical-investigation-to-compare-orlistat-60-milligram-and-a-customized-polyglucosamine-two-treatment-methods-for-the-management-of-overweight-and-obesity
#6
Manfred Stoll, Norman Bitterlich, Umberto Cornelli
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a non-prescription drug to support weight loss programs has yet to be compared. This clinical trial investigates the comparability of orlistat 60 milligram (mg) and polyglucosamine. METHODS: Sixty-four overweight or obese subjects were included in a two-center double-blind study. One center was in Germany [center 1] and the other was in Italy [center 2]. The subjects (26 in center 1 and 38 in center 2) were recommended to follow a calorie deficit of about 2000 kilojoules/day and to increase their physical activity to 3 metabolic equivalent hours (MET h)/day...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078093/health-communication-implications-of-the-perceived-meanings-of-terms-used-to-denote-unhealthy-foods
#7
Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Iain S Pratt
BACKGROUND: Using appropriate terminology in nutrition education programs and behaviour change campaigns is important to optimise the effectiveness of these efforts. To inform future communications on the topic of healthy eating, this study explored adults' perceptions of the meaning of four terms used to describe unhealthy foods: junk food, snack food, party food, and discretionary food. METHODS: Australian adults were recruited to participate in an online survey that included demographic items and open-ended questions relating to perceptions of the four terms...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#8
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078091/body-mass-index-measured-adiposity-and-population-attributability-of-associated-factors-a-population-based-study-from-buea-cameroon
#9
Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Jeannine A Atem, Andre Pascal Kengne, Anastase Dzudie, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity is currently a global health challenge driven by a mix of behavioural, environmental and genetic factors. Up to date population-based disease burden estimates are needed to guide successful prevention and control efforts in African countries. We investigated the prevalence and population attributable fractions of overweight and obesity in Buea, the Southwest region of Cameroon. METHODS: Data are from a community-based cross-sectional study involving randomly selected adults conducted in 2016...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035287/aspiration-therapy-for-obesity-a-safe-and-effective-treatment
#10
Erik Norén, Henrik Forssell
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the novel AspireAssist® Aspiration Therapy System for treatment of obesity, and its effect on patient's quality of life. METHODS: A prospective observational study with 25 obese subjects, mean age 48 years (range 33-65), was performed. A custom gastrostomy tube (A-tube, Aspire Bariatrics) was percutaneously inserted during a gastroscopy performed under conscious sedation. Drainage and irrigation of the stomach were performed 3 times daily, 20 min after each meal, for 1-2 years...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999679/early-rapid-weight-gain-and-subsequent-overweight-and-obesity-in-middle-childhood-in-peru
#11
Mary E Penny, M Michelle Jimenez, R Margot Marin
BACKGROUND: Rapid postnatal weight gain is associated with risk of overweight and obesity, but it's unclear whether this holds in populations exposed to concurrent obesogenic risk factors and for children who have been extensively breastfed. This study investigates whether an increase in weight for age from birth to 1 year (infancy) and from 1 to 5 years (early childhood) predicts overweight and obesity, and waist circumference at 8 years, using data from a longitudinal cohort study in Peru...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999678/associations-between-obesity-and-mental-distress-in-late-midlife-results-from-a-large-danish-community-sample
#12
Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Rikke Lund, Ulla Christensen, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen
BACKGROUND: To examine associations of Body mass Index (BMI) and mental distress in late midlife in a large Danish community sample and to investigate the effect of socio-demographic factors. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3613 Danish men and 1673 women aged 49-63 years from the Copenhagen Ageing and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) with complete information on measured BMI, severity of mental symptoms assessed by the Symptom Check-List' (SCL-90), and socio-demographic factors including sex, age, occupational social class, and educational duration...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980797/erratum-to-freshman-15-in-england-a-longitudinal-evaluation-of-first-year-university-student-s-weight-change
#13
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40608-016-0125-1.].
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980796/nutritional-quality-and-marketing-strategies-of-fast-food-children-s-combo-meals-in-guatemala
#14
Sofia Mazariegos, Violeta Chacón, Adam Cole, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevalence in children is now on the rise in low/middle-income countries, including Guatemala. Fast food consumption is a recognized contributing factor to this rise. Fast food restaurants use health claims, toy giveaways, price incentives and fast service to promote children's combo meals. This study sought to assess the use of toy giveaways, time to delivery and price incentives as marketing strategies in fast food chain restaurants in Guatemala. In addition, we sought to compare nutritional quality of combo meals with and without health claims...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980795/the-association-between-severity-of-king-s-obesity-staging-criteria-scores-and-treatment-choice-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Tone G Valderhaug, Erlend T Aasheim, Rune Sandbu, Gunn S Jakobsen, Milada C Småstuen, Jens K Hertel, Jøran Hjelmesæth
BACKGROUND: The King's Obesity Staging Criteria (KOSC) comprises of a four-graded set of health related domains. We aimed to examine whether, according to KOSC, patients undergoing bariatric surgery differed from those opting for conservative treatment. METHODS: We graded 2142 consecutive patients with morbid obesity attending our centre from 2005-10 into the following KOSC domains: airway/apnoea, body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular risk (CV-risk), diabetes mellitus, economic complications, functional limitations, gonadal dysfunction, and perceived health status/body image...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895925/somatic-neural-alterations-in-non-diabetic-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Ram Lochan Yadav, Deepak Sharma, Prakash Kumar Yadav, Dev Kumar Shah, Kopila Agrawal, Rita Khadka, Md Nazrul Islam
BACKGROUND: Reports on alterations in somatic neural functions due to non-diabetic obesity, a major risk factor for diabetes, are few and still a matter of debate. Nevertheless, to our knowledge, reports lack any comments on the type of somatic nerve fibers affected in non-diabetic obesity. Therefore, this study aimed to find out the alteration in somatic neural functions in non-diabetic obese persons if any. METHODS: The study was conducted on 30 adult non-diabetic obese persons (mean age 32...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891242/community-factors-related-to-healthy-eating-active-living-in-counties-with-lower-than-expected-adult-obesity-rates
#17
Maureen E Canavan, Emily Cherlin, Stephanie Boegeman, Elizabeth H Bradley, Kristina M Talbert-Slagle
BACKGROUND: Adult obesity rates in the United States have reached epidemic proportions, yet vary considerably across states and counties. We sought to explore community-level factors that may be associated with reduced adult obesity rates at the county level. METHODS: We identified six U.S. counties that were positive deviants for adult obesity and conducted semi-structured interviews with community leaders and government officials involved in efforts to promote healthier lifestyles...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857841/relationship-between-sleep-characteristics-and-measures-of-body-size-and-composition-in-a-nationally-representative-sample
#18
Qian Xiao, Fangyi Gu, Neil Caporaso, Charles E Matthews
BACKGROUND: Short sleep has been linked to obesity. However, sleep is a multidimensional behavior that cannot be characterized solely by sleep duration. There is limited study that comprehensively examined different sleep characteristics in relation to obesity. METHODS: We examined various aspects of sleep in relation to adiposity in 2005-2006 NHANES participants who were 18 or older and free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and depression (N = 3995)...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843560/association-between-economic-status-and-body-mass-index-among-adolescents-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#19
Akiko Mizuta, Takeo Fujiwara, Toshiyuki Ojima
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a growing health challenge in Japan and might be associated with childhood poverty. We aimed to investigate the association between low economic status and body mass index (BMI) and to reveal the mediators of this association among junior high school students in Japan. METHODS: Junior high school students (N = 2968) from two cities in Shizuoka, Japan, were surveyed. Questionnaires assessed subjective economic status, weight, and height...
2016: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833755/measurement-of-overweight-and-obesity-an-urban-slum-setting-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-comparison-of-four-anthropometric-indices
#20
Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Samuel Oti, Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: As a result of both genetic and environmental factors, the body composition and topography of African populations are presumed to be different from western populations. Accordingly, globally accepted anthropometric markers may perform differently in African populations. In the era of rapid emergence of cardio-vascular diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, evidence about the performance of these markers in African settings is essential. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-relationships among the four main anthropometric indices in measuring overweight and obesity in an urban poor African setting...
2016: BMC Obesity
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