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BMC Obesity

William J Heerman, Wendy L Bennett, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Elizabeth Nauman, Amanda E Staiano, Kenneth A Wallston
Background: Since 2014 the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) has funded 13 Clinical Data Research Networks (CDRNs) around the country to support large-scale comparative effectiveness research and pragmatic clinical trials. To provide guidance for future recruitment efforts among CDRNs this study described differential willingness to participate in weight-related research by body mass index (BMI) and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: During 2014-2016 we surveyed participants from three CDRNs including the Mid-South CDRN, REACHnet, and the PaTH Network, representing 14 medical centers...
2018: BMC Obesity
Jaanus Suumann, Toomas Sillakivi, Živile Riispere, Kari Syrjänen, Pentti Sipponen, Ülle Kirsimägi, Ants Peetsalu
Background: To assess the value of serological biomarker testing as a substitute for esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) in pre-operative assessment of patients referred for bariatric surgery. Methods: Sixty-five obese patients with a mean age of 43 years (range: 21-65) and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 44 (range: 36-59) were studied. The patients were tested with a four-biomarker panel: pepsinogen I and II, gastrin-17 (basal and stimulated), and Helicobacter pylori (HP) antibodies (GastroPanel®, Biohit Oyj, Finland)...
2018: BMC Obesity
Sara N Bleich, Kelsey A Vercammen
While sugar sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption has declined in the last 15 years, consumption of SSBs is still high among children and adolescents. This research synthesis updates a prior review on this topic and examines the evidence regarding the various health impacts of SSBs on children's health (overweight/obesity, insulin resistance, dental caries, and caffeine-related effects). We searched PubMed, CAB Abstracts and PAIS International to identify cross-sectional, longitudinal and intervention studies examining the health impacts of SSBs in children published after January 1, 2007...
2018: BMC Obesity
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire
Background: Although the public health importance of the association between television (TV) viewing and obesity and/or related outcomes have been demonstrated in both cross-sectional and prospective studies elsewhere, similar studies are lacking within the African region. With the view to fill this gap in the literature, the current study explored the association between TV exposure and overweight/obesity among Ghanaian women. Methods: Based on a sample of 4158 women, descriptive statistics and binary logistic regression were applied to data on TV ownership, TV viewing frequency, and body mass index (BMI) measures from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) to explore the association between TV exposure and overweight/obesity among Ghanaian women...
2018: BMC Obesity
Samantha B van Beurden, Sally I Simmons, Jason C H Tang, Avril J Mewse, Charles Abraham, Colin J Greaves
Background: The internet is a potentially promising medium for delivering weight loss interventions. The current study sought to explore factors that might influence primary care patients' initial uptake and continued use (up to four-weeks) of such programmes to help inform the development of novel, or refinement of existing, weight management interventions. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 patients purposively sampled based on age, gender and BMI from a single rural general practice...
2018: BMC Obesity
Kathy Do, Ruth E Brown, Sean Wharton, Chris I Ardern, Jennifer L Kuk
Background: Previous literature suggests the beneficial effects of fitness on abdominal obesity may be attenuated in obesity and abolished in severe obesity. It is unclear whether the beneficial association between fitness and health is similarly present in those with mild and severe obesity. Methods: Patients from the Wharton Medical Clinic ( n  = 853) completed a clinical examination and maximal treadmill test. Patients were categorized into fit and unfit based on age- and sex-categories and body mass index (BMI) class (mild: ≤ 34...
2018: BMC Obesity
Diane C Berry, Robert G McMurray, Todd A Schwartz, Emily G Hall, Madeline N Neal, Reuben Adatorwovor
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40608-017-0175-z.].
2018: BMC Obesity
Walaa A Mumena, Isabella Francis-Granderson, Leroy E Phillip, Katherine Gray-Donald
Background: To examine predictors of increasing overweight among children in two developing countries. Methods: Primary school children (6-10 y at baseline, n = 336) and their caregivers.Longitudinal data were collected in 2012, with follow-up 18 months later. Data on children's height, weight and dietary intake were collected within 8 primary public schools in Trinidad and 7 schools in St. Kitts. Caregivers' demographic and anthropometric data were also collected...
2018: BMC Obesity
Akinlolu Gabriel Omisore, Bridget Omisore, Emmanuel Akintunde Abioye-Kuteyi, Ibrahim Sebutu Bello, Samuel Anu Olowookere
Background: Obesity is a risk factor for hypertension. The study observed the relationship between adolescent weight status and blood pressure (BP) and the determinants of the BP pattern in urban and rural areas. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 1000 randomly selected respondents (500 from urban and 500 from rural areas) who had anthropometry and BP measurements done. The pattern of BP measurements based on the weight status by location was observed...
2018: BMC Obesity
Joachim Westenhoefer, Robert von Katzler, Hans-Joachim Jensen, Birgit-Christiane Zyriax, Bettina Jagemann, Volker Harth, Marcus Oldenburg
Background: Overweight and obesity is quite prevalent among seafarers. The present study examined differences in BMI and their association with weight, shape and nutrition related attitudes and perceptions among seafarer from Kiribati, a Pacific Island Group, and European origin. Methods: The Seafarer Nutrition Study compared 48 Kiribati and 33 European male seafarers from 4 commercial merchant ships. BMI was calculated from measured weight and height. Attitudes to weight, shape and nutrition and disinhibition of control as a characteristic of eating behavior were assessed in a structured interview...
2018: BMC Obesity
Robert Winther, Martin Aasbrenn, Per G Farup
Background: Subjects with morbid obesity commonly use Non-Nutritive Sweeteners (NNS), but the health-related effects of NNS have been questioned. The objectives of this study were to explore the associations between theuse of NNS and the health and lifestyle in subjects with morbid obesity. Methods: This cross-sectional study included subjects with morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 or ≥35 kg/m2 with obesity-related comorbidity). Information about demographics, physical and mental health, and dietary habits was collected, and a blood screen was taken...
2017: BMC Obesity
Laurie K Twells, Shannon Driscoll, Deborah M Gregory, Kendra Lester, John M Fardy, Dave Pace
Background: In Canada, severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 ) affects 5% or 1.2 million adults. Bariatric surgery is the only effective treatment for severe obesity, but the demand for publicly funded procedures is high and capacity limited. Little is known in Canada about the types of patients undergoing these procedures, especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The study objective is to examine the socio-demographic profile, morbidity and HRQoL of patients accessing LSG in one Canadian province...
2017: BMC Obesity
Diane C Berry, Robert G McMurray, Todd A Schwartz, Emily G Hall, Madeline N Neal, Reuben Adatorwover
Background: Studies have suggested that obesity is linked within families and that successful interventions involve both the parent and child with obesity. However little information exists regarding similarities in adiposity and weight loss between the parent and child, especially in low socio-economic ethnically diverse households. Methods: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the changes from baseline over time in adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy in children ( n  = 184) and parents ( n  = 184) participating in an 18-month weight loss program...
2017: BMC Obesity
Richmond Aryeetey, Anna Lartey, Grace S Marquis, Helena Nti, Esi Colecraft, Patricia Brown
Background: Childhood overnutrition is a serious public health problem, with consequences that extend into adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among school-age children in two urban settings in Ghana. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 3089 children (9-15 years) recruited between December 2009 and February 2012 in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. Socio-demographic, dietary, and physical activity data were collected using pretested questionnaires...
2017: BMC Obesity
Kevin Y Taing, Michael E Farkouh, Rahim Moineddin, Jack V Tu, Prabhat Jha
Background: The utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) derived adiposity measures as compared to anthropometric measures for the assessment of adiposity-related health risk is not clear. We aimed to clarify the relationships of BIA and anthropometric derived adipose measures with blood pressure and hypertension, and to compare the discriminative ability of the respective measures for hypertension. Methods: We used baseline data collected between 2015 and 2016 from the Indian Study on Health of Adults (ISHA), an ongoing population based cohort study in India ( N  = 5990; age 30-69 years)...
2017: BMC Obesity
Suzanne Mokhtari, Benjamin Grace, Youngju Pak, Astrid Reina, Quinn Durand, Jennifer K Yee
Background: The current literature on determinants of behavior change in weight management lacks sufficient studies on type of motivation among children/adolescents, on perceived competence, and in relation to healthy eating. This study aimed to investigate type of motivation and levels of perceived competence for healthy diet and exercise, as well as general self efficacy among adolescents. We hypothesized that overweight/obese adolescents would demonstrate lower autonomous motivation and perceived competence regarding diet and exercise, and lower self-efficacy in general, and that the scores would be influenced by socioeconomic factors...
2017: BMC Obesity
Sean McGrath, Danielle Brazel, Lara Dugas, Guichan Cao, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Amy Luke
Background: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is known as an independent predictor of cardiometabolic risk and all-cause mortality, while increased physical activity has been shown to improve cardiometabolic risk. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not there is an association between objectively-measured physical activity and VAT in a community-based cohort of African-American adults, a population at higher-than-average risk for cardiometabolic diseases. Methods: Free-living physical activity was quantified using accelerometry while VAT and abdominal subcutaneous fat were estimated using dual x-ray absorptiometry in a cohort of African Americans, ages 30-50 years, enrolled in the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study...
2017: BMC Obesity
Lifoter K Navti, Mary B Atanga, Loveline L Niba
Background: Low physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle are contributing to overweight/obesity in children. This study aims to explore relationships between out of school physical activity, sedentary lifestyle and socioeconomic status indicators with children's weight status and adiposity. Methods: Five hundred twenty-two children of ages 5 to 12 years were randomly selected in a school-based cross sectional study in Bamenda, Cameroon. Weight and height were measured and BMI calculated...
2017: BMC Obesity
G Colligan, J Galloway, H Lempp
BACKGROUND: The UK rheumatology community serves an ageing and ethnically diverse population, with a growing public health concern about obesity. Overweight and obesity contribute to 2.8 million preventable deaths annually. A raised Body Mass Index (BMI) in those with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) can have a significant negative impact on clinical outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine patients' and providers' perceptions of obesity and potential barriers to participation in a future weight management programme to contribute to an appropriate intervention design...
2017: BMC Obesity
Brian M Parker, Jiang Wu, Jing You, David S Barnes, Lisa Yerian, John P Kirwan, Philip R Schauer, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves the pathophysiology that contributes to obesity-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Whether obesity-related fibrosis improves is unclear. We hypothesized that RYGB reverses NASH and fibrosis, and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance provides a sensitive measure for detecting asymptomatic fatty liver disease. METHODS: One hundred six obese adults scheduled for RYGB had preoperative liver function assessed using standard tests and ICG clearance and core liver biopsies obtained during RYGB...
2017: BMC Obesity
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