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BMC Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299330/intake-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-is-associated-with-an-unhealthy-lifestyle-a-cross-sectional-study-in-subjects-with-morbid-obesity
#1
Robert Winther, Martin Aasbrenn, Per G Farup
Background: Subjects with morbid obesity commonly use Non-Nutritive Sweeteners (NNS), but the health-related effects of NNS have been questioned. The objectives of this study were to explore the associations between theuse of NNS and the health and lifestyle in subjects with morbid obesity. Methods: This cross-sectional study included subjects with morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2 or ≥35 kg/m2 with obesity-related comorbidity). Information about demographics, physical and mental health, and dietary habits was collected, and a blood screen was taken...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238600/morbidity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-of-patients-accessing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-single-centre-cross-sectional-study-in-one-province-of-canada
#2
Laurie K Twells, Shannon Driscoll, Deborah M Gregory, Kendra Lester, John M Fardy, Dave Pace
Background: In Canada, severe obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2) affects 5% or 1.2 million adults. Bariatric surgery is the only effective treatment for severe obesity, but the demand for publicly funded procedures is high and capacity limited. Little is known in Canada about the types of patients undergoing these procedures, especially laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The study objective is to examine the socio-demographic profile, morbidity and HRQoL of patients accessing LSG in one Canadian province...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225899/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-child-and-parent-weight-management-children-and-parents-randomized-to-the-intervention-group-have-correlated-changes-in-adiposity
#3
Diane C Berry, Robert G McMurray, Todd A Schwartz, Emily G Hall, Madeline N Neal, Reuben Adatorwover
Background: Studies have suggested that obesity is linked within families and that successful interventions involve both the parent and child with obesity. However little information exists regarding similarities in adiposity and weight loss between the parent and child, especially in low socio-economic ethnically diverse households. Methods: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the changes from baseline over time in adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy in children (n = 184) and parents (n = 184) participating in an 18-month weight loss program...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214030/prevalence-and-predictors-of-overweight-and-obesity-among-school-aged-children-in-urban-ghana
#4
Richmond Aryeetey, Anna Lartey, Grace S Marquis, Helena Nti, Esi Colecraft, Patricia Brown
Background: Childhood overnutrition is a serious public health problem, with consequences that extend into adulthood. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among school-age children in two urban settings in Ghana. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 3089 children (9-15 years) recruited between December 2009 and February 2012 in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. Socio-demographic, dietary, and physical activity data were collected using pretested questionnaires...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214029/comparative-associations-between-anthropometric-and-bioelectric-impedance-analysis-derived-adiposity-measures-with-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-in-india-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Kevin Y Taing, Michael E Farkouh, Rahim Moineddin, Jack V Tu, Prabhat Jha
Background: The utility of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) derived adiposity measures as compared to anthropometric measures for the assessment of adiposity-related health risk is not clear. We aimed to clarify the relationships of BIA and anthropometric derived adipose measures with blood pressure and hypertension, and to compare the discriminative ability of the respective measures for hypertension. Methods: We used baseline data collected between 2015 and 2016 from the Indian Study on Health of Adults (ISHA), an ongoing population based cohort study in India (N = 5990; age 30-69 years)...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177057/motivation-and-perceived-competence-for-healthy-eating-and-exercise-among-overweight-obese-adolescents-in-comparison-to-normal-weight-adolescents
#6
Suzanne Mokhtari, Benjamin Grace, Youngju Pak, Astrid Reina, Quinn Durand, Jennifer K Yee
Background: The current literature on determinants of behavior change in weight management lacks sufficient studies on type of motivation among children/adolescents, on perceived competence, and in relation to healthy eating. This study aimed to investigate type of motivation and levels of perceived competence for healthy diet and exercise, as well as general self efficacy among adolescents. We hypothesized that overweight/obese adolescents would demonstrate lower autonomous motivation and perceived competence regarding diet and exercise, and lower self-efficacy in general, and that the scores would be influenced by socioeconomic factors...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177056/physical-activity-and-central-adiposity-in-a-cohort-of-african-american-adults
#7
Sean McGrath, Danielle Brazel, Lara Dugas, Guichan Cao, Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, Amy Luke
Background: Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is known as an independent predictor of cardiometabolic risk and all-cause mortality, while increased physical activity has been shown to improve cardiometabolic risk. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether or not there is an association between objectively-measured physical activity and VAT in a community-based cohort of African-American adults, a population at higher-than-average risk for cardiometabolic diseases. Methods: Free-living physical activity was quantified using accelerometry while VAT and abdominal subcutaneous fat were estimated using dual x-ray absorptiometry in a cohort of African Americans, ages 30-50 years, enrolled in the Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152311/associations-of-out-of-school-physical-activity-sedentary-lifestyle-and-socioeconomic-status-with-weight-status-and-adiposity-of-cameroon-children
#8
Lifoter K Navti, Mary B Atanga, Loveline L Niba
Background: Low physical activity and a sedentary lifestyle are contributing to overweight/obesity in children. This study aims to explore relationships between out of school physical activity, sedentary lifestyle and socioeconomic status indicators with children's weight status and adiposity. Methods: Five hundred twenty-two children of ages 5 to 12 years were randomly selected in a school-based cross sectional study in Bamenda, Cameroon. Weight and height were measured and BMI calculated...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075504/recipients-and-providers-perspectives-of-obesity-and-potential-barriers-to-weight-management-programmes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-ra-a-qualitative-study
#9
G Colligan, J Galloway, H Lempp
BACKGROUND: The UK rheumatology community serves an ageing and ethnically diverse population, with a growing public health concern about obesity. Overweight and obesity contribute to 2.8 million preventable deaths annually. A raised Body Mass Index (BMI) in those with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) can have a significant negative impact on clinical outcomes. The aim of the study was to examine patients' and providers' perceptions of obesity and potential barriers to participation in a future weight management programme to contribute to an appropriate intervention design...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919979/reversal-of-fibrosis-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatosis-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#10
Brian M Parker, Jiang Wu, Jing You, David S Barnes, Lisa Yerian, John P Kirwan, Philip R Schauer, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) improves the pathophysiology that contributes to obesity-related nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Whether obesity-related fibrosis improves is unclear. We hypothesized that RYGB reverses NASH and fibrosis, and indocyanine green (ICG) clearance provides a sensitive measure for detecting asymptomatic fatty liver disease. METHODS: One hundred six obese adults scheduled for RYGB had preoperative liver function assessed using standard tests and ICG clearance and core liver biopsies obtained during RYGB...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794888/dietary-variables-associated-with-substantial-postpartum-weight-retention-at-1-year-among-women-with-gdm-pregnancy
#11
Jaimie N Davis, Grace E Shearrer, Wei Tao, Shanta R Hurston, Erica P Gunderson
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the dietary behaviors linked to substantial postpartum weight retention, particularly in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes (GDM), is warranted to focus intervention efforts to prevent future type 2 diabetes. This study evaluates the relationship between dietary food intake at 6-9 weeks postpartum (baseline) and odds of substantial postpartum weight retention (≥ 5 kg) at 1-year in women with GDM. METHODS: The Study of Women, Infant Feeding and Type 2 Diabetes after GDM pregnancy (SWIFT) is a prospective multi-ethnic cohort (75% minority) of 1035 women (aged 20-45 years) with recent GDM who delivered a singleton, live birth (≥35 weeks gestation) and underwent 2-h 75 g OGTTs, anthropometric measurements and other assessments at 6-9 weeks postpartum (baseline) and annually thereafter...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725448/differential-prevalence-and-associations-of-overweight-and-obesity-by-gender-and-population-group-among-school-learners-in-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sarah Negash, Charles Agyemang, Tandi E Matsha, Nasheeta Peer, Rajiv T Erasmus, Andre P Kengne
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing the increasing prevalence of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa remain unclear. We assessed the prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity and effects on cardio-metabolic profile in school learners in the Western Cape, South Africa. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from 7 to 18-year-old South African school learners attending 14 schools, randomly selected from 107 government schools in the areas...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725447/anti-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-antibodies-asca-are-associated-with-body-fat-mass-and-systemic-inflammation-but-not-with-dietary-yeast-consumption-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Anne Stine Kvehaugen, Martin Aasbrenn, Per G Farup
BACKGROUND: Baker's/brewer's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, has been used as an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters to improve growth performance in animals. In humans, Saccharomyces cerevisiae is among the most commonly detected fungi in fecal samples and likely originates from food. Recently, an association between anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCA) and obesity in humans was suggested, but the cause of the elevated ASCA levels is not clear. Our aim was to study ASCA in morbidly obese subjects and explore potential associations with anthropometrics, diet, co-morbidities and biomarkers of inflammation and gut permeability...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702206/gender-difference-in-the-impact-of-gynoid-and-android-fat-masses-on-the-progression-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Ryotaro Bouchi, Tatsuya Fukuda, Takato Takeuchi, Yujiro Nakano, Masanori Murakami, Isao Minami, Hajime Izumiyama, Koshi Hashimoto, Takanobu Yoshimoto, Yoshihiro Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Increased visceral adiposity is strongly associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, little attention has been paid to the association between the change in subcutaneous adipose mass and the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We aimed to investigate whether increased subcutaneous adipose tissue (gynoid fat mass) could be protective against the progression of NAFLD in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of 294 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (65 ± 10 years old, 40% female)...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690855/prevalence-of-obesity-and-overweight-and-its-associated-factors-among-registered-pensioners-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-studies
#15
Benjamin D Nuertey, Alabira Iddrisu Alhassan, Augustine D Nuertey, Isaac Asimadu Mensah, Victor Adongo, Clement Kabutey, Joyce Addai, Richard Bekoe Biritwum
BACKGROUND: The elderly are faced with health problems such as cardiovascular diseases, type II diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, arthritis and other musculoskeletal problems, which can be linked to obesity and overweight. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight and its associated factors amongst registered pensioners in Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among members of the national pensioners association of Ghana...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690854/association-between-serum-uric-acid-and-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-prepubertal-obese-children-tanner-stage-i-from-nuevo-le%C3%A3-n-mexico-a-preliminary-study
#16
Elizabeth Solis Perez, Mario Alberto González Medina, Manuel Lopez-Cabanillas Lomeli, Verónica Tijerina González, Jesús Zacarías Villarreal Pérez, Fernando J Lavalle González, Victorine Imrhan, Shanil Juma, Parakat Vijayagopal, Kittipong Boonme, Chandan Prasad
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Previous studies in obese children demonstrating a positive association between serum uric acid (sUA) and components of MetS are confounded by lack of uniformity in age and pubertal status of children. Therefore, we have examined the role of sUA in MetS and its components in pre-pubertal children (Tanner Stage I, age ≤ 9 years). METHODS: Pre-pubertal obese children (32 boys, 27 girls, age 6-9 years) were recruited from Nuevo Leon, Mexico...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690853/significantly-enhanced-lung-metastasis-and-reduced-organ-nk-cell-functions-in-diet-induced-obese-rats
#17
J Spielmann, J Hanke, D Knauf, S Ben-Eliyahu, R Jacobs, G I Stangl, I Bähr, H Kielstein
BACKGROUND: Obesity was identified as a major risk factor for malignant diseases, but underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Natural killer (NK) cells, a pivotal aspect of innate immunity, are capable of identifying and killing virally infected and tumor cells. Previous studies have shown altered NK cell functions in obesity, and the current study aimed to investigate the relationship between altered NK cell functions and increased cancer risk in obesity. METHODS: To induce obesity male F344-rats received a high-fat diet (34% fat) or a control diet (4% fat)...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680647/accuracy-of-anthropometric-measurements-by-general-practitioners-in-overweight-and-obese-patients
#18
Paul Sebo, François R Herrmann, Dagmar M Haller
BACKGROUND: We recently showed that abdominal obesity measurements (waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio) were inaccurate when performed by general practitioners (GPs). We hypothesise that measurement error could be even higher in overweight and obese patients due to difficulty in locating anatomical landmarks. We aimed to estimate GPs' measurement error of general (weight, height and body mass index (BMI)) and abdominal obesity measurements across BMI subgroups. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 26 GPs in Geneva, Switzerland...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680646/prevalence-and-predictors-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Martin Aasbrenn, Ingvild Høgestøl, Inger Eribe, Jon Kristinsson, Stian Lydersen, Tom Mala, Per G Farup
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome has been reported as more common in patients with morbid obesity than in the general population. The reason for this association is unknown. The aims of this study were to study the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and other functional bowel disorders in patients with morbid obesity, and to search for predictors of irritable bowel syndrome. METHODS: Patients opting for bariatric surgery at two obesity centers in South-Eastern Norway were included...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588898/gender-alexithymia-and-physical-inactivity-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-secondary-care-hospital-diabetes-clinic
#20
Eva O Melin, Ralph Svensson, Maria Thunander, Magnus Hillman, Hans O Thulesius, Mona Landin-Olsson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is linked to cardiovascular diseases and increasingly common in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) since the introduction of intensified insulin therapy. Our main aim was to explore associations between obesity and depression, anxiety, alexithymia and self-image measures and to control for lifestyle variables in a sample of persons with T1DM. Secondary aims were to explore associations between abdominal and general obesity and cardiovascular complications in T1DM. METHODS: Cross sectional study of 284 persons with T1DM (age 18-59 years, men 56%), consecutively recruited from one secondary care hospital diabetes clinic in Sweden...
2017: BMC Obesity
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