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BMC Obesity

Ivana T Croghan, Jon O Ebbert, Darrell R Schroeder, Ryan T Hurt, Victoria Hagstrom, Matthew M Clark
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant public health problem and innovative treatments are needed. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the preliminary efficacy and safety of a combined treatment of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and lorcaserin on weight loss, health quality of life (QOL) measures, and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Forty-five overweight and obese adult participants with a body mass index (BMI) >26.9 and <40 were randomized to receive LLLT, lorcaserin, or a combination of the two therapies...
2016: BMC Obesity
Bjarne K Jacobsen, Nils Abel Aars
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity increases all-cause mortality and is a risk factor for a number of diseases. There are few population-based studies of the longitudinal changes of abdominal obesity. METHODS: Based on data from the Tromsø Study, we studied gender- and age-specific mean waist circumference and prevalence of abdominal overweight and abdominal obesity in two surveys in 1994-1995 (Tromsø 4, 6812 men and women aged 25 to 84) and 2007-2008 (Tromsø 6, 12,493 men and women aged 30 to 87)...
2016: BMC Obesity
Nils Abel Aars, Bjarne K Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Overweight individuals desire a lower weight than they actually have. Little is known on the extent to which this discrepancy is reduced over time due to adaptation or resignation. The aim of this study is to describe cross-sectional relationships and longitudinal changes in desired body weight and differences between actual and desired body weight according to gender, age and category of body mass index in a large, adult cohort in Tromsø, Norway. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses of 8960 men and 9992 women aged 25-69 participating in Tromsø 4 (during 1994-1995), and longitudinal analyses of 3210 men and 3689 women participating in both Tromsø 4 (during 1994-1995) and Tromsø 6 (during 2007-2008)...
2016: BMC Obesity
Victoria T Isaksen, Maria A Larsen, Rasmus Goll, Jon R Florholmen, Eyvind J Paulssen
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome is a worldwide health issue, with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (liver steatosis) being one of its features, particularly closely related to insulin resistance. This study aims to investigate whether quantification of hepatic steatosis by abdominal ultrasonography, using hepatorenal index, is a feasible tool for the prediction of insulin resistance, and thus the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Patients were recruited from the Centre of Obesity at the University Hospital of North Norway, and among participants from the Sixth Tromsø Study...
2016: BMC Obesity
Avik Sarkar, Ragui Sadek, Matthew Lissauer, Swati Pawa
BACKGROUND: After an acute attack of pancreatitis, walled-off pancreatic fluid collections (PFC) occur in approximately 10 % of cases. Drainage of the cavity is recommended when specific indications are met. Endoscopic drainage has been adopted as the main intervention for symptomatic walled-off PFC. Altered gastric anatomy in these patients poses an interesting challenge. We present the first case of a patient with sleeve gastrectomy who underwent successful endoscopic transduodenal necrosectomy (TDN)...
2016: BMC Obesity
Madhumita Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Ann C Haas, Nancy Nicosia, Ashlesha Datar
BACKGROUND: Errors in reported height and weight raise concerns about body mass index (BMI) and obesity estimates obtained from self or proxy reports. Researchers have corrected BMI using linear statistical models, primarily with adult samples. We compared the accuracy of BMI correction in children for models that included child or parent reports versus both reports, and models that separately predicted height and weight compared to a single model for BMI. METHODS: Height and weight from child reports, parent reports, and objective measurements for 475 children participating in the Military Teenagers' Environment, Exercise and Nutrition Study were analyzed...
2016: BMC Obesity
Andrea Charvet, Kathryn Brogan Hartlieb, Yulyu Yeh, K-L Catherine Jen
BACKGROUND: Obesity disproportionately affects children from low-income families and those from racial and ethnic minorities. The relationship between snacking and weight status remains unclear, although snacking is known to be an important eating episode for energy and nutrient intake particularly in young children. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the snack intake of minority preschool children enrolled in the Head Start Program in four centers in Detroit, Michigan, and investigate differences by child weight status...
2016: BMC Obesity
Suresh Ambati, Ping Yu, Elizabeth C McKinney, Muthugapatti K Kandasamy, Diane Hartzell, Clifton A Baile, Richard B Meagher
BACKGROUND: Obesity-related comorbidities are thought to result from the reprogramming of the epigenome in numerous tissues and cell types, and in particular, mature adipocytes within visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue, VAT and SAT. The cell-type specific chromatin remodeling of mature adipocytes within VAT and SAT is poorly understood, in part, because of the difficulties of isolating and manipulating large fragile mature adipocyte cells from adipose tissues. METHODS: We constructed MA-INTACT (Mature Adipocyte-Isolation of Nuclei TAgged in specific Cell Types) mice using the adiponectin (ADIPOQ) promoter (ADNp) to tag the surface of mature adipocyte nuclei with a reporter protein...
2016: BMC Obesity
Jimikaye Beck, Christine A Chard, Carolin Hilzendegen, James Hill, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
BACKGROUND: This study contributes to the literature by using accelerometers to describe sedentary behavior (SB) patterns in US children. The purpose of this study was to examine SB patterns in fifth-graders by specifically focusing on in-school versus out-of-school SB patterns to identify when (during the school day or outside of the school day) interventions should take place in order to decrease SB in children. METHODS: Data were collected from 206 fifth-graders (9-11 years old) in the Cherry Creek School District in metro Denver, Colorado (USA) during the spring of the 2010-2011 school year and fall of the 2011-2012 school year...
2016: BMC Obesity
Ranil Jayawardena, Pavani Punchihewa, Ishara Ranathunga, Niroshan Lokunarangoda, Anidu Keerthi Pathirana, Wijeyasingam Samuel Santharaj
BACKGROUND: Misperception of body weight by individuals is a known occurrence. However, it is a potential target for implementing obesity reduction interventions in patients with cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to describe the association between self-perception of body weight and objectively measured body mass index (BMI) among cardiac patients in a specialist cardiology institution in Sri Lanka. METHOD: During the study period, 322 (61 %) males and 204 (39 %) females were recruited from consecutive admissions to the Institute of Cardiology, National Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka...
2016: BMC Obesity
Xinyan Bi, Siew Ling Tey, Claudia Leong, Rina Quek, Yi Ting Loo, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry
BACKGROUND: Obesity has long been highlighted for its association with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Nonetheless, the best adiposity indices to evaluate the CVD risk factors remain contentious and few studies have been performed in Asian populations. In the present study, we compared the association strength of percent body fat (PBF) to indirect anthropometric measures of general adiposity (body mass index (BMI) and body adiposity index (BAI)) and central adiposity (waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)) for the prediction of CVD risk factors in healthy men and women living in Singapore...
2016: BMC Obesity
Susan J Woolford, Carole J Woolford-Hunt, Areej Sami, Natalie Blake, David R Williams
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence is higher among African American adolescent (AAA) girls than among non-black girls. Lower levels of physical activity (PA) likely contribute to this disparity; this may be impacted by hairstyle concerns. METHODS: In 2011, focus groups were conducted with AAA girls 14-17 years old (n = 36) in Michigan (n = 9), California (n = 11), and Georgia (n = 16). Groups addressed perceptions of hairstyles, exercise, and relationships between the two...
2016: BMC Obesity
Salwa Islam, Lisa Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: High rates of obesity are a significant issue amongst Indigenous populations in many countries around the world. Media framing of issues can play a critical role in shaping public opinion and government policy. A broad range of media analyses have been conducted on various aspects of obesity, however media representation of Indigenous obesity remains unexplored. In this study we investigate how obesity in Australia's Indigenous population is represented in newsprint media coverage...
2016: BMC Obesity
Anne-Madeleine Bau, Andrea Ernert, Heiko Krude, Susanna Wiegand
BACKGROUND: Weight loss improves cardiovascular risk factors and "quality of life". Most therapeutic approaches fail to induce a sustained weight loss and most individuals undergo weight regain. In this paper the comprehensive design of the "MAINTAIN" study, all assessments as well as the one year lifestyle intervention will be outlined in detail. METHODS/DESIGN: One-center randomized controlled trial with seven assessment time points conducted 2009-2015. For the randomization eight groups were distinguished in a list to allocate intervention or control group: Females and males either pre-pubertal or pubertal and with a BMI-SDS under or over 2...
2016: BMC Obesity
Sara Carlhäll, Marie Bladh, Jan Brynhildsen, Ing-Marie Claesson, Ann Josefsson, Gunilla Sydsjö, Annika Thorsell, Marie Blomberg
BACKGROUND: Maternal obesity is accompanied by maternal and fetal complications during and after pregnancy. The risks seem to increase with degree of obesity. Leptin has been suggested to play a role in the development of obesity related complications. Whether maternal leptin levels differ between obese and morbidly obese women, during and after pregnancy, have to our knowledge not been previously described. Neither has the association between maternal leptin levels and gestational weight gain in obese women...
2016: BMC Obesity
Kwame Yeboah, Peter Puplampu, Ernest Yorke, Daniel A Antwi, Ben Gyan, Albert G B Amoah
BACKGROUND: Ankle-brachial index (ABI) and indices of obesity are both use to indicate cardiovascular risk. However, association between body composition indices and ABI, a measure of peripheral arterial disease, is inconsistent in various study reports. In this study, we investigated the relationship between ABI and general and central indices of obesity in Ghanaians without history of cardiovascular diseases. METHOD: In a case-control design, ABI was measured in a total of 623 subjects and categorised into PAD (ABI ≤ 0...
2016: BMC Obesity
Edith Pascale M Mato, Priscille Eunice Pokam-Fosso, Barbara Atogho-Tiedeu, Jean Jacques N Noubiap, Marie-Solange Evehe, Rosine Djokam-Dadjeu, Olivier Sontsa Donfack, Elvis Ndonwi Ngwa, Magellan Guewo-Fokeng, Wilfred F Mbacham, Eugene Sobngwi, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPAR-γ2) is a transcription factor with a key role in adipocyte differentiation, lipid storage and glucose homeostasis. The Ala allele of the common Pro12Ala polymorphism in the isoform PPAR-γ2 is at the center of many controversies because in some populations, it has been observed to be associated with T2DM or obesity but, not in others. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of Pro12Ala polymorphism in the PPAR-γ2 gene with susceptibility to obesity or T2DM in a Cameroonian population...
2016: BMC Obesity
John A Harris, Michelle H Moniz, Brad Iott, Robyn Power, Jennifer J Griggs
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for inadequate receipt of recommended preventive care services. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between increasing body mass index and receipt of influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations. A systematic review of the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases was conducted from January 1966 to May 2015 for cohort and cross-sectional studies that assessed the relationship between body mass index and the receipt of vaccinations for influenza and pneumococcus...
2016: BMC Obesity
Steffen Andreas Schüle, Rüdiger von Kries, Hermann Fromme, Gabriele Bolte
BACKGROUND: The context of the close neighbourhood environment in which children live has gained increasing attention in epidemiological research. This study aimed to investigate if contextual neighbourhood socioeconomic position (SEP) was independently associated with overweight in young children aged 5-7 years while simultaneously considering a wide range of individual socioeconomic determinants and known risk factors for overweight. METHODS: Objectively measured body mass index (BMI) data from 3499 children (53 % boys and 47 % girls) from three surveys between 2004 and 2007 clustered in 18 school enrolment zones in the city of Munich, Germany, were analysed with hierarchical logistic regression models...
2016: BMC Obesity
Jean-Patrice Baillargeon, Denise St-Cyr-Tribble, Marianne Xhignesse, Andrew Grant, Christine Brown, Thomas G Poder, Marie-France Langlois
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40608-014-0019-z.].
2016: BMC Obesity
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