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BMC Obesity

Mahboobeh Ghesmaty Sangachin, Lora A Cavuoto, Youfa Wang
Background: This study systematically examined obesity research in occupational safety and health regarding the use of various obesity measurement and classification methods. Methods: A systematic search of the PubMed database on English language publications from 2000 to 2015 using related keywords and search of citations resulted in selection of 126 studies. They were categorized into two groups based on their main research question: 1) general physical or mental work-related functioning; and 2) task or body part specific functioning...
2018: BMC Obesity
Stephanie P Goldstein, J Graham Thomas, Sivamainthan Vithiananthan, George A Blackburn, Daniel B Jones, Jennifer Webster, Richard Jones, E Whitney Evans, Jody Dushay, Jon Moon, Dale S Bond
Background: Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective strategy for producing significant and durable weight loss. Yet, not all patients achieve initial weight loss success and some degree of weight regain is very common, sometimes as early as 1-2 years post-surgery. Suboptimal weight loss not fully explained by surgical, demographic, and medical factors has led to greater emphasis on patient behaviors evidenced by clinical guidelines for appropriate eating and physical activity...
2018: BMC Obesity
Lindsay Fernández-Rhodes, Annie Green Howard, Mariaelisa Graff, Carmen R Isasi, Heather M Highland, Kristin L Young, Esteban Parra, Jennifer E Below, Qibin Qi, Robert C Kaplan, Anne E Justice, George Papanicolaou, Cathy C Laurie, Struan F A Grant, Christopher Haiman, Ruth J F Loos, Kari E North
Background: Genome-wide association studies have implicated the transcription factor 7-like 2 ( TCF7L2 ) gene in type 2 diabetes risk, and more recently, in decreased body mass index. Given the contrary direction of genetic effects on these two traits, it has been suggested that the observed association with body mass index may reflect either selection bias or a complex underlying biology at TCF7L2 . Methods: Using 9031 Hispanic/Latino adults (21-76 years) with complete weight history and genetic data from the community-based Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL, Baseline 2008-2011), we estimated the multivariable association between the additive number of type 2 diabetes increasing-alleles at TCF7L2 (rs7903146-T) and body mass index...
2018: BMC Obesity
Giliane Belarmino, Raquel S Torrinhas, Priscila Sala, Lilian M Horie, Lucas Damiani, Natalia C Lopes, Steven B Heymsfield, Dan L Waitzberg
Background: Body mass index (BMI) has been used to assess body adiposity, but it cannot adequately reflect body fat (BF) amount. The body adiposity index (BAI) has been shown a better performance than BMI for this purpose, but it can be inaccurate to estimate BF under extreme amounts of fat. Here, we propose a new anthropometric index, the Belarmino-Waitzberg (BeW) index, for specific estimation of BF in severely obese patients. Methods: In 144 adult patients with severe obesity, BF was estimated by air displacement plethysmography (ADP), as the reference method, along with the follow anthropometric measurements: height, abdominal circumference (AC), hip circumference (HC), weight, BMI (weight/ height2 ) and BAI ([HC(cm) / height (m)1...
2018: BMC Obesity
Lorraine M Noble, Emma Godfrey, Liane Al-Baba, Gabriella Baez, Nicki Thorogood, Kiran Nanchahal
Background: Variations in the delivery of content and process can alter the effectiveness of complex interventions. This study examined the fidelity of a weight loss intervention (Camden Weight Loss) from recorded consultations by assessing advisors' delivery of content, use of motivational interviewing approach and therapeutic alliance. Methods: A process evaluation was conducted of advisor-participant consultations in a 12-month randomised controlled trial of an intervention for adult volunteers with a body mass index categorised as overweight or obese...
2018: BMC Obesity
Kelsey H Collins, Behnam Sharif, Raylene A Reimer, Claudia Sanmartin, Walter Herzog, Rick Chin, Deborah A Marshall
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease. While it is well-established that obesity affects OA through increased axial loading on the joint cartilage, the indirect effect of obesity through metabolic processes among the body mass index (BMI)-defined non-obese population, i.e., BMI < 30 kg/m2 , is less known. Our goal was to evaluate the association of metabolic markers including body fat percentage (BF%), waist circumference, maximum weight gain during adulthood and serum creatinine with self-reported OA to establish if such measures offer additional information over BMI among the non-obese population between 40 and 65 years of age...
2018: BMC Obesity
James Rogers, Stacie L Urbina, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Martin Purpura, Ralf Jäger, Vijaya Juturu
Background: Capsaicinoids (CAPs) found in chili peppers and pepper extracts, are responsible for enhanced metabolism. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of CAPs on body fat and fat mass while considering interactions with body habitus, diet and metabolic propensity. Methods: Seventy-five ( N  = 75) volunteer (male and female, age: 18 and 56 years) healthy subjects were recruited. This is a parallel group, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled exploratory study...
2018: BMC Obesity
Jeffrey Wilkins, Palash Ghosh, Juan Vivar, Bibhas Chakraborty, Sujoy Ghosh
Background: Obesity is positively associated with low-level chronic inflammation, and negatively associated with several indices of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). It is however not clear if obesity-associated inflammation is partly responsible for the observed negative associations between obesity and HRQOL, and also whether systemic inflammation independently affects HRQOL. We conducted an exploratory analysis to investigate the relationships between obesity, systemic inflammation and indices of HRQOL, using NHANES survey data...
2018: BMC Obesity
Alemu Gebrie, Animut Alebel, Abriham Zegeye, Bekele Tesfaye, Aster Ferede
Background: Overweight and obesity can be defined as excessive and abnormal fat depositions in our body. They have become one of the emerging and serious public health concerns of the twenty-first century in low income countries like Ethiopia. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the pooled prevalence and review associated risk factors of overweight/obesity among children and adolescents in Ethiopia. Method: The articles were identified through explicit and reproducible electronic search of reputable databases (PubMed, Google scholar, Science Direct, EMBASE, Cochrane library), and the hand search of reference lists of previous prevalence studies to retrieve more related articles...
2018: BMC Obesity
Marisol Perez, Tara K Ohrt, Amanda B Bruening, Aaron B Taylor, Jeffrey Liew, Ashley M W Kroon Van Diest, Tatianna Ungredda
Background: Although there have been extensive studies that make group comparisons on child eating and feeding practices, few studies have examined measurement equivalence to ensure that measures used to make such group comparisons are equivalent across important group characteristics related to childhood obesity. Methods: Using a sample of 243 caregivers with children between the ages of 4 to 6 years, we conducted a measurement equivalence analysis across gender, ethnicity (Latino versus non-Latino White), and household food security...
2018: BMC Obesity
SeungYong Han, Gina Agostini, Alexandra A Brewis, Amber Wutich
Background: People living with severe obesity report high levels of weight-related stigma. Theoretically, this stigma undermines weight loss efforts. The objective of this study is to test one proposed mechanism to explain why weight loss is so difficult once an individual becomes obese: that weight-related stigma inhibits physical activity via demotivation to exercise. Methods: The study focused on individuals who had bariatric surgery within the past 5 years ( N  = 298) and who report a post-surgical body mass index (BMI) ranging from 16 to 70...
2018: BMC Obesity
Abdullah Alkandari, Hutan Ashrafian, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Peter Sedman, Ara Darzi, Elaine Holmes, Thanos Athanasiou, Stephen L Atkin, Nigel J Gooderham
Background: The global pandemic of obesity and the metabolic syndrome are leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Bariatric surgery leads to sustained weight loss and improves obesity-associated morbidity including remission of type 2 diabetes. MicroRNAs are small, endogenous RNAs that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally, controlling most of the human transcriptome and contributing to the regulation of systemic metabolism. This preliminary, longitudinal, repeat sampling study, in which subjects acted as their own control, aimed to assess the temporal effect of bariatric surgery on circulating microRNA expression profiles...
2018: BMC Obesity
Karin Haby, Marie Berg, Hanna Gyllensten, Ragnar Hanas, Åsa Premberg
Background: Obesity (BMI ≥30) during pregnancy is becoming an increasing public health issue and is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) further increases the risks of adverse outcomes. However, lifestyle intervention can help pregnant women with obesity to limit their GWG. This study evaluated whether an antenatal lifestyle intervention programme for pregnant women with obesity, with emphasis on nutrition and physical activity, could influence GWG and maternal and perinatal outcomes...
2018: BMC Obesity
Eva O Melin, Hans O Thulesius, Magnus Hillman, Mona Landin-Olsson, Maria Thunander
Background: Abdominal obesity is linked to cardiovascular diseases in type 1 diabetes (T1D). The primary aim was to explore associations between abdominal obesity and cardiovascular complications, metabolic and inflammatory factors. The secondary aim was to explore whether achieved recommended treatment targets differed between the obese and non-obese participants. Methods: Cross sectional study of 284 T1D patients (age 18-59 years, men 56%), consecutively recruited from one secondary care specialist diabetes clinic in Sweden...
2018: BMC Obesity
Cindy George, Juliet Evans, Lisa K Micklesfield, Tommy Olsson, Julia H Goedecke
Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) is associated with metabolic risk, however it is unclear whether the relationship is confounded by racial/ethnic differences in socioeconomic status (SES), lifestyle factors or central adiposity. The aims of the study was, (1) to investigate whether hsCRP levels differ by race/ethnicity; (2) to examine the race/ethnic-specific associations between hsCRP, HOMA-IR and serum lipids [total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL-C)]; and (3) to determine whether race/ethnic-specific associations are explained by SES, lifestyle factors or waist circumference (WC)...
2018: BMC Obesity
Catarina Santos, Pedro Marques da Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: BMC Obesity
Leeying Giet, Julia Baker, Franco Favretti, Gianni Segato, Paul Super, Rishi Singhal, David Ashton
Background: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) has been an established bariatric procedure for the last three decades and was, for many years, the first-choice procedure for the treatment of chronic obesity. However, more recently, the popularity of the LAGB has been in sharp decline and has been replaced by other procedures such as the Roux-En-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. A key driver in this decline has been the high revision and early explanation rates reported in some studies...
2018: BMC Obesity
Laura Otterbach, Noereem Z Mena, Geoffrey Greene, Colleen A Redding, Annie De Groot, Alison Tovar
Background: Given the current prevalence of childhood obesity among Hispanic populations, and the importance of parental feeding behaviors, we aimed to assess the impact of the evidence-based Healthy Children, Healthy Families (HCHF) intervention on responsive food parenting practices (FPPs) in a low-income Hispanic population. Methods: This community-based pilot study used a non-experimental pre/post within-subjects design. Parents ( n  = 94) of children aged 3-11 years old were recruited to participate in an 8-week, weekly group-based intervention...
2018: BMC Obesity
William J Heerman, Wendy L Bennett, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Elizabeth Nauman, Amanda E Staiano, Kenneth A Wallston
Background: Since 2014 the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) has funded 13 Clinical Data Research Networks (CDRNs) around the country to support large-scale comparative effectiveness research and pragmatic clinical trials. To provide guidance for future recruitment efforts among CDRNs this study described differential willingness to participate in weight-related research by body mass index (BMI) and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: During 2014-2016 we surveyed participants from three CDRNs including the Mid-South CDRN, REACHnet, and the PaTH Network, representing 14 medical centers...
2018: BMC Obesity
Jaanus Suumann, Toomas Sillakivi, Živile Riispere, Kari Syrjänen, Pentti Sipponen, Ülle Kirsimägi, Ants Peetsalu
Background: To assess the value of serological biomarker testing as a substitute for esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGDS) in pre-operative assessment of patients referred for bariatric surgery. Methods: Sixty-five obese patients with a mean age of 43 years (range: 21-65) and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 44 (range: 36-59) were studied. The patients were tested with a four-biomarker panel: pepsinogen I and II, gastrin-17 (basal and stimulated), and Helicobacter pylori (HP) antibodies (GastroPanel®, Biohit Oyj, Finland)...
2018: BMC Obesity
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