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BMC Obesity

Manfred Stoll, Norman Bitterlich, Umberto Cornelli
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a non-prescription drug to support weight loss programs has yet to be compared. This clinical trial investigates the comparability of orlistat 60 milligram (mg) and polyglucosamine. METHODS: Sixty-four overweight or obese subjects were included in a two-center double-blind study. One center was in Germany [center 1] and the other was in Italy [center 2]. The subjects (26 in center 1 and 38 in center 2) were recommended to follow a calorie deficit of about 2000 kilojoules/day and to increase their physical activity to 3 metabolic equivalent hours (MET h)/day...
2017: BMC Obesity
Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Iain S Pratt
BACKGROUND: Using appropriate terminology in nutrition education programs and behaviour change campaigns is important to optimise the effectiveness of these efforts. To inform future communications on the topic of healthy eating, this study explored adults' perceptions of the meaning of four terms used to describe unhealthy foods: junk food, snack food, party food, and discretionary food. METHODS: Australian adults were recruited to participate in an online survey that included demographic items and open-ended questions relating to perceptions of the four terms...
2017: BMC Obesity
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
Leopold Ndemnge Aminde, Jeannine A Atem, Andre Pascal Kengne, Anastase Dzudie, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity is currently a global health challenge driven by a mix of behavioural, environmental and genetic factors. Up to date population-based disease burden estimates are needed to guide successful prevention and control efforts in African countries. We investigated the prevalence and population attributable fractions of overweight and obesity in Buea, the Southwest region of Cameroon. METHODS: Data are from a community-based cross-sectional study involving randomly selected adults conducted in 2016...
2017: BMC Obesity
Erik Norén, Henrik Forssell
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the novel AspireAssist® Aspiration Therapy System for treatment of obesity, and its effect on patient's quality of life. METHODS: A prospective observational study with 25 obese subjects, mean age 48 years (range 33-65), was performed. A custom gastrostomy tube (A-tube, Aspire Bariatrics) was percutaneously inserted during a gastroscopy performed under conscious sedation. Drainage and irrigation of the stomach were performed 3 times daily, 20 min after each meal, for 1-2 years...
2016: BMC Obesity
Mary E Penny, M Michelle Jimenez, R Margot Marin
BACKGROUND: Rapid postnatal weight gain is associated with risk of overweight and obesity, but it's unclear whether this holds in populations exposed to concurrent obesogenic risk factors and for children who have been extensively breastfed. This study investigates whether an increase in weight for age from birth to 1 year (infancy) and from 1 to 5 years (early childhood) predicts overweight and obesity, and waist circumference at 8 years, using data from a longitudinal cohort study in Peru...
2016: BMC Obesity
Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Rikke Lund, Ulla Christensen, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen
BACKGROUND: To examine associations of Body mass Index (BMI) and mental distress in late midlife in a large Danish community sample and to investigate the effect of socio-demographic factors. METHODS: The study sample comprised 3613 Danish men and 1673 women aged 49-63 years from the Copenhagen Ageing and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) with complete information on measured BMI, severity of mental symptoms assessed by the Symptom Check-List' (SCL-90), and socio-demographic factors including sex, age, occupational social class, and educational duration...
2016: BMC Obesity
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40608-016-0125-1.].
2016: BMC Obesity
Sofia Mazariegos, Violeta Chacón, Adam Cole, Joaquin Barnoya
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevalence in children is now on the rise in low/middle-income countries, including Guatemala. Fast food consumption is a recognized contributing factor to this rise. Fast food restaurants use health claims, toy giveaways, price incentives and fast service to promote children's combo meals. This study sought to assess the use of toy giveaways, time to delivery and price incentives as marketing strategies in fast food chain restaurants in Guatemala. In addition, we sought to compare nutritional quality of combo meals with and without health claims...
2016: BMC Obesity
Tone G Valderhaug, Erlend T Aasheim, Rune Sandbu, Gunn S Jakobsen, Milada C Småstuen, Jens K Hertel, Jøran Hjelmesæth
BACKGROUND: The King's Obesity Staging Criteria (KOSC) comprises of a four-graded set of health related domains. We aimed to examine whether, according to KOSC, patients undergoing bariatric surgery differed from those opting for conservative treatment. METHODS: We graded 2142 consecutive patients with morbid obesity attending our centre from 2005-10 into the following KOSC domains: airway/apnoea, body mass index (BMI), cardiovascular risk (CV-risk), diabetes mellitus, economic complications, functional limitations, gonadal dysfunction, and perceived health status/body image...
2016: BMC Obesity
Ram Lochan Yadav, Deepak Sharma, Prakash Kumar Yadav, Dev Kumar Shah, Kopila Agrawal, Rita Khadka, Md Nazrul Islam
BACKGROUND: Reports on alterations in somatic neural functions due to non-diabetic obesity, a major risk factor for diabetes, are few and still a matter of debate. Nevertheless, to our knowledge, reports lack any comments on the type of somatic nerve fibers affected in non-diabetic obesity. Therefore, this study aimed to find out the alteration in somatic neural functions in non-diabetic obese persons if any. METHODS: The study was conducted on 30 adult non-diabetic obese persons (mean age 32...
2016: BMC Obesity
Maureen E Canavan, Emily Cherlin, Stephanie Boegeman, Elizabeth H Bradley, Kristina M Talbert-Slagle
BACKGROUND: Adult obesity rates in the United States have reached epidemic proportions, yet vary considerably across states and counties. We sought to explore community-level factors that may be associated with reduced adult obesity rates at the county level. METHODS: We identified six U.S. counties that were positive deviants for adult obesity and conducted semi-structured interviews with community leaders and government officials involved in efforts to promote healthier lifestyles...
2016: BMC Obesity
Qian Xiao, Fangyi Gu, Neil Caporaso, Charles E Matthews
BACKGROUND: Short sleep has been linked to obesity. However, sleep is a multidimensional behavior that cannot be characterized solely by sleep duration. There is limited study that comprehensively examined different sleep characteristics in relation to obesity. METHODS: We examined various aspects of sleep in relation to adiposity in 2005-2006 NHANES participants who were 18 or older and free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, emphysema, chronic bronchitis and depression (N = 3995)...
2016: BMC Obesity
Akiko Mizuta, Takeo Fujiwara, Toshiyuki Ojima
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a growing health challenge in Japan and might be associated with childhood poverty. We aimed to investigate the association between low economic status and body mass index (BMI) and to reveal the mediators of this association among junior high school students in Japan. METHODS: Junior high school students (N = 2968) from two cities in Shizuoka, Japan, were surveyed. Questionnaires assessed subjective economic status, weight, and height...
2016: BMC Obesity
Tilahun Nigatu Haregu, Samuel Oti, Thaddaeus Egondi, Catherine Kyobutungi
BACKGROUND: As a result of both genetic and environmental factors, the body composition and topography of African populations are presumed to be different from western populations. Accordingly, globally accepted anthropometric markers may perform differently in African populations. In the era of rapid emergence of cardio-vascular diseases in sub-Saharan Africa, evidence about the performance of these markers in African settings is essential. The aim of this study was to investigate the inter-relationships among the four main anthropometric indices in measuring overweight and obesity in an urban poor African setting...
2016: BMC Obesity
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
BACKGROUND: Weight change in first year university students, often referred to as 'Freshman 15', has been shown to be a common problem in North America. Studies have reported weight gain to be between 1 kg and 4 kg over the academic year and a recent meta-analysis found a mean gain of 1.34 kg and that 61 % of students gained weight. A limited number of studies have investigated weight change in England and large scale studies are needed to understand better weight change trends and to conduct subgroup analyses...
2016: BMC Obesity
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, David Teye Doku
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are among the leading threats to global health because of their association with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Much of the research on overweight and obesity among women largely generalize without due cognisance to differences in their reproductive history. This study explored differences in trends in overweight/obesity, and associated factors between parous and nulliparous women in Ghana. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements from three nationally representative Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys (2003, 2008 and 2014) were analysed using descriptive statistics and multivariate binary logistic regression...
2016: BMC Obesity
Rebecca C Woodruff, Gillian L Schauer, Ann R Addison, Ajay Gehlot, Michelle C Kegler
BACKGROUND: Community Health Centers (CHCs) are important settings for obesity prevention and control. However, few studies have explored the barriers that CHC clinicians perceive their patients face in maintaining a healthy weight. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with thirty physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners recruited from four Community Health Centers (CHCs), located in a rural, southwestern region of the state of Georgia, US...
2016: BMC Obesity
Ivana T Croghan, Jon O Ebbert, Darrell R Schroeder, Ryan T Hurt, Victoria Hagstrom, Matthew M Clark
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a significant public health problem and innovative treatments are needed. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess the preliminary efficacy and safety of a combined treatment of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and lorcaserin on weight loss, health quality of life (QOL) measures, and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Forty-five overweight and obese adult participants with a body mass index (BMI) >26.9 and <40 were randomized to receive LLLT, lorcaserin, or a combination of the two therapies...
2016: BMC Obesity
Bjarne K Jacobsen, Nils Abel Aars
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity increases all-cause mortality and is a risk factor for a number of diseases. There are few population-based studies of the longitudinal changes of abdominal obesity. METHODS: Based on data from the Tromsø Study, we studied gender- and age-specific mean waist circumference and prevalence of abdominal overweight and abdominal obesity in two surveys in 1994-1995 (Tromsø 4, 6812 men and women aged 25 to 84) and 2007-2008 (Tromsø 6, 12,493 men and women aged 30 to 87)...
2016: BMC Obesity
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