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BMC Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588898/gender-alexithymia-and-physical-inactivity-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-secondary-care-hospital-diabetes-clinic
#1
Eva O Melin, Ralph Svensson, Maria Thunander, Magnus Hillman, Hans O Thulesius, Mona Landin-Olsson
BACKGROUND: Obesity is linked to cardiovascular diseases and increasingly common in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) since the introduction of intensified insulin therapy. Our main aim was to explore associations between obesity and depression, anxiety, alexithymia and self-image measures and to control for lifestyle variables in a sample of persons with T1DM. Secondary aims were to explore associations between abdominal and general obesity and cardiovascular complications in T1DM. METHODS: Cross sectional study of 284 persons with T1DM (age 18-59 years, men 56%), consecutively recruited from one secondary care hospital diabetes clinic in Sweden...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572983/childhood-overweight-obesity-and-associated-factors-among-primary-school-children-in-dire-dawa-eastern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Assefa Desalew, Alemnesh Mandesh, Agumasie Semahegn
BACKGROUND: Obesity in children is increasing worldwide. Malnutrition has become a double burden challenge of public health concern in developing countries. Childhood obesity increases the risk of chronic disease in childhood as well as adulthood. However, information is very scarce about childhood obesity in developing countries specifically in Ethiopia. Therefore, we aimed to assess childhood overweight, obesity and associated factors among primary school children at Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572982/overweight-and-obesity-prevalence-among-public-servants-in-nadowli-district-ghana-and-associated-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Margaret Atuahene, John Kuumuori Ganle, Martin Adjuik, Nana Frema Atuahene, Grace Billi Kampitib
BACKGROUND: Globally, overweight and obesity are becoming a mounting concern, impacting negatively on the health of populations especially in low-income settings. However, there is paucity of epidemiological information available in Ghana to support intervention activities. We conducted a study among public servants to estimate overweight/obesity, hypertension and diabetes prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional survey involving 271 purposively sampled public servants aged 20 to 59 years was conducted...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496985/the-effects-of-dietary-macronutrient-composition-on-lipid-metabolism-associated-factor-gene-expression-in-the-adipose-tissue-of-chickens-are-influenced-by-fasting-and-refeeding
#4
Guoqing Wang, Betty R McConn, Dongmin Liu, Mark A Cline, Elizabeth R Gilbert
BACKGROUND: Broiler chickens are compulsive feeders that become obese as juveniles and are thus a unique model for metabolic disorders in humans. However, little is known about the relationship between dietary composition, fasting and refeeding and adipose tissue physiology in chicks. Our objective was to determine how dietary macronutrient composition and fasting and refeeding affect chick adipose physiology during the early post-hatch period. METHODS: Chicks were fed one of three isocaloric diets after hatch: high-carbohydrate (HC; control), high-fat (HF; 30% of ME from soybean oil) or high-protein (HP; 25% vs...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491328/increases-in-waist-circumference-independent-of-weight-in-mongolia-over-the-last-decade-the-mongolian-steps-surveys
#5
Oyun Chimeddamba, Emma Gearon, Samuel L Brilleman, Enkhjargal Tumenjargal, Anna Peeters
BACKGROUND: In Mongolia, mean waist circumference (WC) has increased dramatically over the last decade, however, it is unknown whether these increases have been greater than corresponding increases in weight. In this study we aimed to assess whether recent increases in WC were greater than expected from changes in weight in Mongolian adults. METHODS: We used data on 13260 Mongolian adults, aged between 18 and 64 years, who participated in one of three (2005, 2009, 2013) nationally representative cross-sectional surveys...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491327/understanding-perceived-determinants-of-nurses-eating-and-physical-activity-behaviour-a-theory-informed-qualitative-interview-study
#6
Brian T Power, Kirsty Kiezebrink, Julia L Allan, Marion K Campbell
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy eating and physical activity behaviours are common among nurses but little is known about determinants of eating and physical activity behaviour in this population. The present study used a theoretical framework which summarises the many possible determinants of different health behaviours (the Theoretical Domains Framework; TDF) to systematically explore the most salient determinants of unhealthy eating and physical activity behaviour in hospital-based nurses. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews based on the TDF were conducted with nurses (n = 16) to explore factors that behavioural theories suggest may influence nurses' eating and physical activity behaviour...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469931/the-effect-of-a-medical-opinion-on-self-perceptions-of-weight-for-mexican-adults-perception-of-change-and-cognitive-biases
#7
Jonathan F Easton, Christopher R Stephens, Heriberto Román Sicilia
BACKGROUND: This study analysed the relationship between perceived and actual Body Mass Index (BMI) and the effect of a prior identification of obesity by a medical professional for adults using difference in response for two distinct BMI self-perception questions. Typically, self-perception studies only investigate the relation with current weight, whereas here the focus is on the self-perception of weight differences. METHODS: A statistical approach was used to assess responses to the Mexican ENSANUT 2006 survey...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451439/the-association-of-self-regulation-with-weight-loss-maintenance-after-an-intensive-combined-lifestyle-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#8
Jutka Halberstadt, Emely de Vet, Chantal Nederkoorn, Anita Jansen, Ottelien H van Weelden, Iris Eekhout, Martijn W Heymans, Jacob C Seidell
BACKGROUND: Knowledge is limited on the role the ability to self-regulate plays in the long-term outcome of obesity treatment in children and adolescents with severe obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the ability to self-regulate after an one year intensive, partly inpatient, combined lifestyle intervention is associated with weight loss maintenance in children and adolescents with severe obesity. METHODS: One hundred twenty participants (8-19 years) with an average SDS-BMI of 3...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435687/an-evaluation-of-low-volume-high-intensity-intermittent-training-hiit-for-health-risk-reduction-in-overweight-and-obese-men
#9
Benjamin M Kelly, Soteris Xenophontos, James A King, Myra A Nimmo
ᅟ: Both sprint interval training (SIT) and high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) have been described as time-efficient strategies for inducing favourable metabolic and cardiorespiratory adaptations in healthy and diseased participants. BACKGROUND: To date, little attention has been given to profiling the potential health benefits of HIIT or modified HIIT training within overweight and obese cohorts with particular focus on inflammation. Within this pilot trial, we tested the hypothesis that 6 sessions of HIIT performed over 2 weeks with 1-2 days' rest would improve aerobic capacity, glucose metabolism and inflammatory profile in an overweight and obese male cohort...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417008/association-of-gene-coding-variation-and-resting-metabolic-rate-in-a-multi-ethnic-sample-of-children-and-adults
#10
Jacklyn N Hellwege, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sari Acra, Kong Chen, Maciej S Buchowski, Todd L Edwards
BACKGROUND: Resting metabolic rates (RMR) vary across individuals. Understanding the determinants of RMR could provide biological insight into obesity and its metabolic consequences such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: The present study measured RMR using reference standard indirect calorimetry and evaluated genetic variations from an exome array in a sample of children and adults (N = 262) predominantly of African and European ancestry with a wide range of ages (10 - 67 years old) and body mass indices (BMI; 16...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344817/urinary-biomarkers-as-indicator-of-chronic-inflammation-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-obese-adolescents
#11
Ruchi Singh, Arushi Verma, Salim Aljabari, Tetyana L Vasylyeva
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a pro-inflammatory state that may predispose patients to acute coronary syndrome characterized by chronic low grade inflammation resulting in endothelial dysfunction (ED). The aim of the study was to evaluate urinary biomarkers of inflammation and ED in adolescents with obesity. METHODS: Sixty three subjects were recruited for the study. Twenty healthy adolescents with normal body mass (NW), 14 overweight (OW), 29 obese (OA) subjects were selected...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265415/metabolic-improvements-following-roux-en-y-surgery-assessed-by-solid-meal-test-in-subjects-with-short-duration-type-2-diabetes
#12
Sudha S Shankar, Lori A Mixson, Manu Chakravarthy, Robin Chisholm, Anthony J Acton, RoseMarie Jones, Samer G Mattar, Deborah L Miller, Lea Petry, Chan R Beals, S Aubrey Stoch, David E Kelley, Robert V Considine
BACKGROUND: Glucose homeostasis improves within days following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. The dynamic metabolic response to caloric intake following RYGB has been assessed using liquid mixed meal tolerance tests (MMTT). Few studies have evaluated the glycemic and hormonal response to a solid mixed meal in subjects with diabetes prior to, and within the first month following RYGB. METHODS: Seventeen women with type 2 diabetes of less than 5 years duration participated...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239482/aggressive-clinical-approach-to-obesity-improves-metabolic-and-clinical-outcomes-and-can-prevent-bariatric-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#13
Flavio A Cadegiani, Gustavo C Diniz, Gabriella Alves
BACKGROUND: The number of bariatric procedures has exponentially increased in the past decade, as a result of the lack of successful clinical weight-loss interventions. The main reasons for the failure of clinical obesity management are: (1) anti-obesity medications are administered as monotherapies (or pre-combined drugs); (2) lack of combination between pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological modalities; (3) short duration of pharmacotherapy for obesity; (4) lack of weight-loss maintenance strategies; (5) misunderstanding of the complex pathophysiology of obesity; and (6) underprescription of anti-obesity medications...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191322/informing-the-development-and-uptake-of-a-weight-management-intervention-for-preconception-a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-patient-and-provider-perceptions
#14
Samantha M Harden, NithyaPriya S Ramalingam, Kathryn E Wilson, Emily Evans-Hoeker
BACKGROUND: It is recommended for women to have a healthy body mass index before conception. However, there is limited research on appropriate preconception interventions for weight loss. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge on providers' willingness to refer to particular behavioral interventions and the degree to which patients would attend those interventions. METHODS: A cross-section of 67 patients and 21 providers completed surveys related to their demographics and willingness to refer/attend a number of interventions for weight loss...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163924/overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-3-13%C3%A2-years-in-urban-cameroon-a-cross-sectional-study-of-prevalence-and-association-with-socio-economic-status
#15
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Josiane Kamdeu-Chedeu, Sam D Leary, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel N Nebongo, Christoph Akazong, Yacouba N Mapoure, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Jean-François Gautier, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight/obesity is increasing rapidly in developing countries. There is a need to provide more evidence on its burden in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify associated factors in order to set preventive measures. We aimed to determine the prevalence of overweight/obesity and assess its association with the socioeconomic status in nursery and primary school children in urban Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we included by multi-staged cluster random sampling 1343 children from high (HSES, n = 673) and low (LSES, n = 670) socioeconomic status schools in Douala...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138392/neuropsychological-function-in-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Hanna L Sargénius, Stian Lydersen, Knut Hestad
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown cognitive dysfunction to be present in a significant number of individuals with obesity. The objective of this study was to assess the neuropsychological profile of morbidly obese patients referred to weight-loss treatment. METHODS: An extensive battery of neuropsychological tests with well-known normative data covering various cognitive domains was administered to 96 patients. The test results were transformed to z-scores for comparisons with normative data...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127440/complex-association-between-rural-urban-residence-household-wealth-and-women-s-overweight-evidence-from-30-cross-sectional-national-household-surveys-in-africa
#17
Nyovani Janet Madise, Gobopamang Letamo
BACKGROUND: We sought to demonstrate that the relationship between urban or rural residence and overweight status among women in Sub-Saharan Africa is complex and confounded by wealth status. METHODS: We applied multilevel logistic regression to data from 30 sub-Saharan African countries which were collected between 2006 and 2012 to examine the association between women's overweight status (body mass index ≥ 25) and household wealth, rural or urban place of residence, and their interaction...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097013/randomised-double-blind-clinical-investigation-to-compare-orlistat-60-milligram-and-a-customized-polyglucosamine-two-treatment-methods-for-the-management-of-overweight-and-obesity
#18
Manfred Stoll, Norman Bitterlich, Umberto Cornelli
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of a non-prescription drug to support weight loss programs has yet to be compared. This clinical trial investigates the comparability of orlistat 60 milligram (mg) and polyglucosamine. METHODS: Sixty-four overweight or obese subjects were included in a two-center double-blind study. One center was in Germany [center 1] and the other was in Italy [center 2]. The subjects (26 in center 1 and 38 in center 2) were recommended to follow a calorie deficit of about 2000 kilojoules/day and to increase their physical activity to 3 metabolic equivalent hours (MET h)/day...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078093/health-communication-implications-of-the-perceived-meanings-of-terms-used-to-denote-unhealthy-foods
#19
Simone Pettigrew, Zenobia Talati, Iain S Pratt
BACKGROUND: Using appropriate terminology in nutrition education programs and behaviour change campaigns is important to optimise the effectiveness of these efforts. To inform future communications on the topic of healthy eating, this study explored adults' perceptions of the meaning of four terms used to describe unhealthy foods: junk food, snack food, party food, and discretionary food. METHODS: Australian adults were recruited to participate in an online survey that included demographic items and open-ended questions relating to perceptions of the four terms...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078092/severe-obesity-emotions-and-eating-habits-a-case-control-study
#20
M Koski, H Naukkarinen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has a multifaceted etiology that involves genetic, biological and behavioral factors, body growth, eating habits, energy expenditure and the function of adipose tissue. The present study aimed to expand upon knowledge about the relationships among obesity, emotions and eating habits in severely obese individuals using a case-control method. METHODS: The subject group consisted of 112 individuals (81 females and 31 males) receiving a permanent disability pension primarily for obesity...
2017: BMC Obesity
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